History of Civilizations of Central Asia: The Development of Sedentary and Nomadic Civilizations, 700 B. C. to A
A. H. Dani, UNESCO Staff, M. S. Asimov, B. A. Litvinsky, Guang-da Zhang, R. Shabani Samghabadi, C. E. Bosworth, Unesco
UNESCO, 1. 1. 1994 - 574 strán (strany)
Volume II presents an account of various population movements and cultural exchanges in Central Asia between 700 B.C. and 250 A.D. Important nomadic tribal cultures such as the Kushans emerged during this period. Contacts between the Mediterranean and the Indus Valley were reinforced by the campaigns of Alexander the Great and, under his successors, the progressive syncretism between Zoroastrianism, Greek religion and Buddhism gave rise to a new civilization instituted by the Parthians, known for its artistic creations. Under Kushan rule, Central Asia became the crossroads of a prosperous trade between the Mediterranean and China along the Silk Route.
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Achaemenid agricultural Alexander ancient Arachosia Aramaic archaeological army Asian Avestan Ay Khanum Azes Bactria bronze Buddha Buddhist burial Central Asia centre Ch'ien China Chinese Chorasmia coinage coins conquest cult culture Darius dynasty east eastern evidence excavations Ferghana Gandhara Gondophares Graeco-Bactrian graves Greek Han-shu Harmatta Hellenistic Hsiung-nu Huvishka Indian Indo-Greek Indo-Parthian Indus inscription Iran Iranian irrigation K'ang-chii Kanishka Kanishka II KharosthI Khotanese Saka kingdom Kujula Kadphises Kushan Empire Kushan king Kushan period language large number Margiana Mathura Merv Mongolia mountains northern oasis Old Persian Oxus palace Parthian Prakrit provinces Pugachenkova reign religious river Roman royal ruler sanctuary Sasanian satraps script sculptures Scythians second century B.C. Seleucid Silk Route silver Sistan Siva Sogdiana southern steppe stone stupa Surkh Kotal Syr Darya Takht-i Tarim basin Taxila territory third century B.C. trade types valley Vima Kadphises walls Western Regions Wu-sun Yiieh-chih Yueh-chih Zoroastrianism