Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: The Sublime Porte, 1789-1922

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Princeton University Press, 1980 - 455 strán (strany)

From the author's preface: Sublime Porte--there must be few terms more redolent, even today, of the fascination that the Islamic Middle East has long exercised over Western imaginations. Yet there must also be few Western minds that now know what this term refers to, or why it has any claim to attention. One present-day Middle East expert admits to having long interpreted the expression as a reference to Istambul's splendid natural harbor. This individual is probably not unique and could perhaps claim to be relatively well informed. When the Sublime Porte still existed, Westerners who spent time in Istanbul knew the term as a designation for the Ottoman government, but few knew why the name was used, or what aspect of the Ottoman government it properly designated. What was the real Sublime Porte? Was it an organization? A building? No more, literally, than a door or gateway? What about it was important enough to cause the name to be remembered?

In one sense, the purpose of this book is to answer these questions. Of course, it will also do much more and will, in the process, move quickly onto a plane quite different from the exoticism just invoked. For to study the bureaucratic complex properly known as the Sublime Porte, and to analyze its evolution and that of the body of men who staffed it, is to explore a problem of tremendous significance for the development of the administrative institutions of the Ottoman Empire, the Islamic lands in general, and in some senses the entire non-Westerrn world.

 

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INTRODUCTION THE SUBLIME PORTE AND THE SCRIBAL SERVICE AS ELEMENTS OF STATE AND SOCIETY
3
THE EVOLUTION OF THE RULING CLASS AND THE EMERGENCE OF THE SCRIBAL SERVICE
41
THE IMPACT OF IMPERIAL DECLINE ON THE EMERGENT SCRIBAL SERVICE THE SUBLIME PORTE AND ITS OFFICIALS ON THE EVE ...
69
REASSERTION OF THE SULTANATE AND FOUNDATION OF THE CIVIL BUREAUCRACY
112
THE CIVILBUREAUCRATIC HEGEMONY OF THE TANZIMAT
151
RESTORING POLITICAL BALANCE THE FIRST CONSTITUTIONAL PERIOD AND RETURN TO SULTANIC DOMINANCE
221
ONCE MORE TOWARD REDEFINITION OF THE POLITICAL BALANCE
291
ONE AND ONETHIRD CENTURIES OF CIVILBUREAUCRATIC REFORM
338
BUDGETARY ALLOCATIONS FOR AGENCIES OF THE SUBLIME PORTE IN SELECTED YEARS
349
Notes
353
Bibliography
407
Index
421
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O tomto autorovi (1980)

Carter V. Findley is president of the World History Association and professor of history at Ohio State University, where he and John Rothney co-founded the world history program. He received Ohio State's Distinguished Research Award in 2000. A specialist in Turkish studies with a lengthy bibliography, Dr. Findley has also written two major books on Ottoman history, both published by Princeton University Press: BUREAUCRATIC REFORM IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE: THE SUBLIME PORTE, 1789-1922 (1980) and the prize-winning OTTOMAN CIVIL OFFICIALDOM: A SOCIAL HISTORY (1989). He has been a visiting professor at both the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris, 1994) and Bilkent University (Ankara, 1997) as well as a visiting member at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (1981-1982). Dr. Findley received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1969.

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