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Edward

vi. Articles and Positions given by the King's Commissioners to the A.D. Bishop of London, to be answered by him jointly and severally 1549. in every point the second time.

See Appendis,

I. That ye were sent for to the lord protector's grace, and the rest of the council, and came thither into the court at Westminster the tenth of August, or some other day of the same month.

II. Item, That at the same time the lord protector and divers other of the king's majesty's privy council sitting in council, ye were called in; and there the said lord protector did, on the king's majesty's behalf, declare unto you divers faults and abuses which were found in you, and gave you strait charge to amend them; adding threatening, that else you should be otherwise looked unto.

III. Item, That the said lord protector's grace did declare unto you, for better admonition and amendment of you, that you should have, from the king's majesty, by his advice and the rest of the privy council, certain articles and injunctions, to observe and follow, given you in writing.

IV. Item, That there and then the said lord protector commanded sir Thomas Smith knight, secretary to the king's majesty, to read a certain paper book of injunctions and articles unto you, the said secretary standing at the counciltable's end, and you standing by and hearing the same.

V. Item, That the said lord protector there and then willed certain things in the said book of injunctions to be reformed, as whereas ye were appointed to preach sooner, at your request it was appointed unto you to preach the Sunday three weeks after the date of the said writing.

VI. Item, That in the said articles the lord protector's grace found fault, because an article or commandment unto you set forth and declared of the king's majesty's authority now in his young age and of his laws and statutes in the same time, was omitted ; and therefore, either immediately before you came into the council chamber, or you being present and standing by, commanded the said secretary Smith to put it in writing, and annex it to the rest of the articles.

VII. Item, That the said secretary Smith, then and there did, immediately upon commandment, write into the said book or paper, wherein the rest of the articles were written, the said article, namely, You shall also set forth in your sermon, that the authority of our royal power is (as truth it is) of no less authority and force in this our young age, than was that of any of our predecessors, though the same were much elder, as may appear by example of Josias and other young kings in the Scripture; and therefore all our subjects to be no less bound to the obedience of our precepts, laws, and statutes, than if we were of thirty or forty years of age.

VIII. Item, That the lord protector did so deliver you the book or paper, willing, first, the said secretary Smith to amend all things as he had appointed.

IX. Item, That ye then and there did promise to the lord protector's grace, that ye would observe and fulfil all in the said injunctions and articles contained.

X. Item, That all things in the said book putten and mentioned by the said secretary Smith, and the same so read to you by him, and you first agreeing that all that was by him so written was by the lord protector's appointment, the said book was so delivered unto you then and there, by the said secretary Smith in the council chamber.

XI. Item, That you have the said book in your possession, or else know where it is, the true copy whereof in effect is annexed to these articles.

XII. Item, That ye were commanded in the same injunctions to preach the Sunday three weeks after the delivery thereof at Paul's, and there to treat upon certain articles, as is specified in the said book of injunctions, and especially the said article, beginning, “Ye shall also set forth,' and ending, 'thirty or forty years of age.'

XIII. Item, That for the accomplishment of part of the said injunctions and commandment, you did preach the first day of September last past at Paul's cross.

XIV. Item, That at the said sermon, contrary to your injunctions, ye

VI.

omitted and left out the said article, beginning, “Ye shall also set forth in your Edward sermon,' &c., and ending, thirty or forty years of age.'

XV. Ye shall also answer whether ye think and believe that the king's TD majesty's subjects be bound to obey as well the laws, statutes, proclamations, 1649 and other ordinances made now in this young age of the king's majesty, as the laws, statutes, proclamations, and ordinances made by his highness's progenitors,

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These articles being thus ministered to the said bishop of London, Apotetis. the next day being Thursday and the 19th of September, the forenamed commissioners sat in the archbishop's chamber of presence at Lambeth, attending the coming of the bishop of London ; before whom there appeared Robert Johnson, the bishop's registrar, and there did declare unto the commissioners, that the bishop his master could not at that time personally appear before them without great danger of his bodily health, because that he feared to fall into a fever by reason Bonner, of a cold that he had taken by too much over-watching himself the for fear of last night before, whereby he was compelled to keep his bed : never could not theless, if he could without danger of his bodily health, he would not appear before them the same day at afternoon. This excuse the appe judges were content to take in good part. Yet, said master secretary Smith, if he were sick indeed, the excuse was reasonable, and to be allowed ;“ but," quoth he, “I promise you my lord hath so dallied with us, and used hitherto such delays, that we may mistrust that this is but a feigned excuse : howbeit, upon your faithful declaration, we are content to tarry until one of the clock at afternoon.” And so they did, willing Master Johnson to signify then unto them, whether the bishop could appear or not.

At which hour Robert Johnson and Richard Rogers, gentlemen Pretendof the bishop's chamber, appeared again before the commissioners, fih again. declaring that (for the causes afore alleged) their master could not appear at that time neither. Whereupon master secretary Smith said unto them,

ers.

• My lord of London your master hath used us very homely, and sought His exdelays hitherto; and now, perhaps, perceiving these last articles to touch the cuse not

well quick, and therefore loath to come to his answer, he feigneth himself sick. But, taken by because he shall not so deceive us any more, we will send the knight marshal the comunto him, willing him, if he be sick indeed, to let him alone, for that is a missionreasonable excuse ; but, if he be not sick, then to bring him forth with to us : for I promise you he shall not use us as he hath done; we will not take it at his hands. And, therefore, master Johnson (said he), you do the part of a trusty servant as becometh you; but it is also your part to show my lord his stubborn heart and disobedience, which doth him more harm than he is aware of. What! thinketh he to stand with a king in his own realm? Is this the part A good of a subject ? Nay, I ween we shall have a new Thomas Becket. Let him admoni-.

tion sent take heed; for if he play these parts, he may fortune to be made shorter by the io Bonhead. He may appeal if he think good; but whither? To the bishop of ner by

Smith. Rome? So he may help himself forwards. I am sure he cannot appeal but to the same king, who bath made us his judges, and to the bench of his council; and how they will take this matter when they hear of it, I doubt not. He would make men believe, that he were called before us for preaching his opinion of the sacrament, wherein I assure you he did both falsely and naughtily ; yea and lewdly; and more than became him; and more than he had in commandment to do; for he was not willed to speak of that matter, and perhaps he may hear more of that hereafter: but yet we will lay no such thing to his charge, and therefore we will not have him to delay us as he doth.'

Edward This ended, the delegates notwithstanding decreed to tarry again -'_ for him until two of the clock at afternoon the next day, being H.D. Friday, and the 20th of September.

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13 19.

Appendis. * Interrogatories? deduced and ministered by Bonner, the second

time, against the Witnesses aforenamed and assigned; for them to be deposed upon by the Commissioners.

I. First, If they, or any of them, depose upon the first article and position, thus beginning : • That ye were sent,'&c., and ending thus : of the same month :' let them, in virtue of their oath, be examined, whether that they know or believe surely, that that writing of articles and injunctions, which sir Thomas Smith knight, one of the principal secretaries to the king's majesty, saith, was delivered by the hands of the lord protector's grace in the councilchamber, to me the bishop of London, had, amongst other things, this clause following: 'Given at our palace at Westminster the seventh day of August, in the third year of our reign. And whether they know or believe, that there were any other articles and injunctions besides that writing bearing the said date; and, if they say so, let them be inquired and examined upon their oath, of the whole tenor thereof, and every part and parcel of the same, with the date thereof, seal, subscription, sign, and other circumstances expedient fur knowledge in this behalf: and let them give a sufficient cause of their knowledge herein. Et interrogetur conjunctim, divisim, et de quolibet.

II. Item, Whether they, or any of them, do know or credibly have heard say, that I, the said bishop, received from the king's majesty, by the hands of the lord protector's grace, sitting in the council-chamber at council with the rest of the lords of the council the tenth of August, certain injunctions to be done and followed by me the said bishop, and articles by me to be preached. Et, &c.

III. Item, In case they, or any of them, do depose upon the contents of the second article, beginning thus : Item, that at, &c.; and ending thus, I looked unto :' let them be examined in virtue of their oath, if they know certainly the time touched in the said article, and whether it be of the seventh of August or of the tenth thereof; or of what other special time, with causes of their knowledge therein; and whether the declaration touched in the said article was by mouth, or in writing; and of the tenor thereof: with declaration of the former words in that behalf, and who were present thereat. Et, &c.

IV. Item, In case they, or any of them, do depose upon the third article, let them in virtue of their oath be examined of the time and place thereof, and what should be the articles and injunctions in every part; the date thereof, and causes of their knowledge therein, and who and how many were there present. Et, &c.

V. Item, In case they, or any of them, do depose upon the contents of the fourth article, let them be examined as before, whether that pretensed paper or book of instructions and articles mentioned in the said article was the selfsame in all points, that is spoken of in the first interrogatory; and whether the said paper or book was signed with the king's majesty's hand, or sealed with any his grace's seal or signet, or subscribed with any of the hands of the king's majesty's council; and let them give cause of their knowledge, and who and how many were present thereat, and of the time.

VI. Item, In case they, or any of them, do depose upon the contents of the fifth article, let them and every of them be interrogated and examined in virtue of their oath, whether the said book was delivered to me the said bishop, or not; and of the time thereof, with causes of their knowledge; and how many and who were present thereat, and of the special place wherein it was done.

VII. Item, In case they, or any of them, do depose upon the contents of the sixth article, let them be examined as before, whether any such article was written and delivered to me, the council sitting within the council-chamber; and of the time thereof, with causes of their knowledge ; and how many and who were present thereat, and of the special place wherein it was done.

(1) For these interrogatories see Edition 1563, pp. 712, 713.-Ed.

VIII. Item, In case they, or any of them, do depose upon the seventh Edward article, let them, in virtue of their oath, be examined of the special time and VI. place; and whether, at the delivery thereof, the lord protector or the rest of AD. the council were then present, or not; with the causes of their knowledge. 1549

IX. Item, If they, or any of them, do depose upon the contents of the eighth article, let them be examined as before, whether the lord protector or the rest of the council were present in the council-chamber, or departed before master secretary Smith had the article touched in the seventh article before expressed, beginning thus : • Item, that the said secretary,' &c.; and ending thus," forty years of age.'

X. Item, Let ther, and every of them, in virtue of their oath, be examined whether I, the said bishop, at any time that motion was made either of sermon to be made by me, either else of articles to be declared by me, did only excuse mine inability for lack of exercise : but also added, that in case I should be enforced by the council to preach or declare, I would do the best I could, without further promises, or taking upon me to do.

XI. Item, If they, or any of them, do depose upon the tenth article, Jet them be examined in virtue of their oath, whether the things mentioned in the said article were put into the book and amended, the lord protector and the rest of the council being present or absent; and who and how many were then present, with the causes of their knowledge therein.

XII. Item, If they, or any of them, do depose upon the eleventh article, let them be examined in virtue of their oath, whether they know, think, or believe, that that book which is in my possession, or else known where it is, be the very true book that was delivered in this behalf unto me ; and whether they know, think, or believe, that the copy annexed to the articles be a true copy thereof, in all words and sentences agreeable unto the same; giving causes of their knowledge therein.

XIII. Item, If they, or any of them, depose upon the contents of the twelfth article, let them be examined in virtue of their oath, by whom I was so commanded, as in the article is contained; by what words, in what place, before whom, in writing or by mouth, at what time and after what sort; giving causes of their knowledge therein.

XIV. Item, If they, or any of them, do depose upon the contents of the thirteenth article, let them be examined as before, whether they or any of them did hear me preach; when came they to my preaching; where did they stand; what words and sentences they then heard; who was with them there as contests; with cause of their knowledge; and how many of their acquaintance were then present.

XV. Item, If they, or any of them, do depose upon the contents of the fourteenth article, let them be examined, in virtue of their oath, how and by what means they know it was so; and whether of a malicious set purpose, or else by forgetfulness.

XVI. Item, If they, or any of them, do depose upon the fifteenth and last article, let them be examined as before, whether they be lawyers or no; specially whether they know certainly the laws, statutes, and ordinances of this realm in this behalf or no; giving sufficient causes of their knowledge in this behalf..

XVII. Item, Touching Master Cicell, one of the pretensed witnes, let hirn be examined in virtue of his oath, whether the eighteenth day of September Appendis. 1549, in open audience in the court kept in the Great Hall at Lambeth, he, the said Master Cecil, did not openly, and with vehemence, report and say, that I, the bishop of London, was the most inobedient and wilful that he had seen or heard of, and one that most evil behaved himself to the commissioners; with other words unseemly then spoken: specifying the said words, and to whom they were spoken; and how many and who answered unto them, and what they said.

THE FIFTH ACTION OR PROCESS THE TWENTIETH OF SEPTEM-
BER, AGAINST BONNER BISHOP OF LONDON, BEFORE

THE KING'S COMMISSIONERS.
· At which day and time the bishop appeared himself personally
before them in the same Chamber of Presence; where first he did

Appendis,

Edward exhibit his answers unto the last articles ministered unto him the
VI.

4._ eighteenth of September; the contents whereof hereunder follow:

A. D.

549. The Answer of the said Bishop of London made unto the Articles

ministered unto him the second time.
The answers of me, Edmund bishop of London, under mine accustomed
protestation given unto the articles of late ministered and exhibited against me
here in this court; with special protestation also, that I do not intend in any
wise to make answer to any of the said articles otherwise than the law of this
realm doth bind me to do, nor to speak or say contrary to any thing that in
my former answers I have said or done; and that if it so chance me to do, it
is not, nor shall it be, with my good will or full consent; and that so soon as
I shall perceive it, I intend to revoke it, and so now as then, and then as now,
do so in that case revoke, to all honest and lawful purposes.

To the first article I do answer and say, that there was a messenger, whose
name I know not, that came unto me to Fulham, as I now remember, but I do
not remember the day thereof; and he said that my lord protector's grace re-
quired me to come by and by to speak with him. And thereupon, having

made the said messenger to break his fast, I repaired to the court at West-

minster; but not upon the tenth day of August, but some other day of the said

month.

To the second article I do say, that it is obscure, uncertain, and over general,

especially in those words at the same time,' which may be referred to the
tenth of August, and then answer already is made thereunto; and it may be
referred to some other day of the said month of August, either before the tenth
of August, or after. And because it remaineth undeclared, I am not bound in
law to answer unto it, neither yet to these words and sentences in the said
article, to wit, then, and there,' for they, without declaration, are uncertain,
obscure, and general; and I, before the specification and declaration thereof,
not bound herein to make an answer, especially having already made full and
sufficient answer in this matter, according to the commission, as I do take it,
and according unto the law; which also willeth, that if a certain answer be

looked for, the position and article must before be certain.
He an To the third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh,
swereth twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth articles, he answereth all after one manner
in a gene-

and sort, as thus : That it doth depend on the articles, to which for causes
aforesaid, he saith, he is not bound in law to make answer, especially having
already made. Saving that in the sixth he addeth thereunto, that he at no
time heard the lord protector find fault, nor commanded, as is deduced in the

said article, so far as he doth find. Also saving the seventh article, where he

addeth, Nevertheless confessing and acknowledging, with heart and mouth,

the king's majesty's authority and regal power and minority, as well and full

as in his majority.'

Also saving the eighth, ninth, tenth, and eleventh articles, where he addeth,

• As they be deduced, they are not true; as appeareth in conferring one with

another.'

To the twelfth and fourteenth articles, he addeth, As they be deduced, they

are not true;' confessing, nevertheless, the king's majesty's authority and power

regal, as before is expressed.

To the fifteenth article he answereth and saith, that it is a position in law,

and that yet both now and heretofore he hath made answer thereunto in effect

and substance, as appeareth in his former answers, and so shall do always

according to the law and his bounden duty, acknowledging, as he hath already

done, the king's majesty's regal power in his minority, to be no less than in his

majority; and the subjects bound to obey unto his grace, his laws, statutes, and

ordinances, and his said authority, as well in his minority as in his majority;

not allowing, but expressly condemning the opinion of all rebels holding the

contrary.

ral.

After this, perceiving that master secretary Smith was somewhat
more quick with him than others of the commissioners, and that he

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