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For he holds Christ to be wholly circum- evet, was indifferent to the historical tra. scribed by the Jewish moral and ritual law, dition of Jesus—(Dr. Ritschl treats the he understand

Acts of the Apostles much as he pleases) that no tittle shall pass from the Law till all but he deserves the credit of having estabe fulfilled, in its literal sense, and con- blished the doctrines of the Church,--really cludes from the command in Matt. v, 23, a very ambiguous credit to us, seeing he that Christ supposed sacrifices would con. cared nothing for the history of Christ. tinue to the end of the world, --an event, Paul first established the doctrine of salva. moreover, which he considered near at hand; tion not by works, but by faith,-a theory --ideas not calculated to beget an exalted which, according to Dr. Ritschl, was very opinion of the author's logic. The declara. far from the conceptions of Christ. Paul tion of Jesus, (Matt. xii, 6, 8,) that he is laid down as the substance of faith the greater than the temple, and Lord of the vicarious atonement of Christ, the just for Sabbath, gives Dr. Ritschl little uneasi. the unjust, which involves a logical contraness: he passes it over in silence. He is

diction; and this doctrine, in consideration cf opinion that Jesus, in the Sermon on the that the Gospel was the power of fulfilling Mount, opposed only the statutes of the the law, has abrogated that only law. Pharisees, and not also the Mosaic law. Though every simple Christian and every giving. Though he cannot conceal from Catechism can inform us how the atone. himself that Moses, on account of the hard. ment, received in faith, and with gratitude ness of the people's hearts, suffered an in- and joy, can make salvation possible, yet fraction of God's word, (Matt. xix,) he yet Dr. Ritschl sees in it nothing but contrarather attributes the text to an interpolation, diction, and declares that the difficulty of or attributes indeed to Christ an inconse

this doctrine, and its want of harmony, have quence, sooner than doubt of his own opinion. broken down that legal character which Really this is not to be wondered at, when

separated the ancient Catholic Church from we learn that Christ conceived of the law

the apostle Paul, you have considered Chrisnot in its spirituality and unity, but as a tianity as a new Law; and as Paul's rule mass of statutes, which he increased by lay- of, life was insufficient—which, however, is ing down a single command for the regula- by no means true--you have turned again tion of the spiritual affections. Thus the to the tradition of Christ, but your taste is fundamental error of the Pharisaic legisla. changed. The author now attempts to trace tion would also attach itself to the lawgiving back the form of the Catholic Church of the of Christ. He who spoke through the pro- second century to the teachings of Paul, phets and the Psalms must have understood while Baur and Schwegler find it in Jewish the true nature of the law. The author is

Christianity. Though he bitterly reproaches so incapable of understanding the nature of Neander for admitting a retrogression in the that morality-the Holy One, learning every development of the Church, yet he himself instant the distance that separated his own makes the same admission; and not merely godlike purity from the sinful company a retrogression through the Christians of the about him,—that Christ, in his opinion, post-apostolic epoch, but one that inculpates never reflected upon it whether man could Paul, and even Christ himself ;-a discovery fulfil the law, much less presupposed his upon which we set no very high value. We ability to do it; in which case Pelagius pursue the exposition no further at present, might justly have appealed to him. The

suffice it to have demonstrated the nothingsublime nature of Christ, and his very sub

ness of the groundwork put forth with such ordinate knowledge, are, in the author's confidence. opinion, irreconcilable with unity of pur

Neander's Posthumous Works. pose; and they have, according to his theory, given birth to diversity. The im- Neander's Church History is printed as pulse to a holy life might proceed from the far as the year 1294. He has continued the acknowledgment of Christ as the Messiah, work in manuscript up to the beginning of and from the hope of his second coming ; the fifteenth century, so that Wiclif, Huss, whereas the older apostles in the Jewish and other important precursors of the Relaw may have persevered in reliance on the formation have found a place in it. This doctrine and precedence of Christ. This last volume of the great work will shortly be remained the character of the Jewish Chris

printed. But it is not in the department of tians, who maintained the continuance of

Church History alone that Neander has la. the Jewish law in Christianity. Paul, how- boured: indeed, it is thought by many of his pupils that his Exegetical Lectures on the Zehn Gespräche über Philosophie und New Testament are of more value, if pos. Religion ; von Ludw. Fürst Solms. Hamsible, than his historical writings-certainly burg u. Gotha. Pp. 306. 1850. 8vo. that they far excel anything of the kind in

Ueber die arabische Dichtkunst und das the existing Commentaries. During his

Verhältniss des Islam zum Christenthum. course, he interpreted all the books of the

Eine im wissenschaftlichen Verein zu Ber. New Testament except the Apocalypse. lin am 9. Februar gehaltene Vorlesung von Preparations are now making to publish

Dr. Fr. Dieterici, Docenten an der Univer. the most important of these from the notes

sität. Berlin. 1850. pp. 29. 8vo. taken by the students. Although they must,

Vetus Testamentum graece juxta LXX of course, lack the finish and precision they

interpretes. Η παλαιά διαθήκη κατά τους would have received had the lamented lecturer himself prepared them for the press,

εβδομήκοντα. Textum Vaticanum Romthey will yet form a most valuable contribu

anum emendatius edidit, argumenta et locos tion 10 theology, and will serve to place the

novi testamenti parallelos notavit, omnem scientific pre-eminence of Neander in a new

lectionis varietatem codicum vetustissimo. and striking light.

rum Alexandrini, Ephraemi Syri, Friderico. His lectures also upon Doctrines, Ethics,

Augustani subjunxit, commentationem isathe History of Doctrine, and of Morals, with

gogicam praetexuit Const. Tischendorf, theol. a Philosophical Survey of Church History,

Dr. et Prof. II Tomi. Lipsiae. 1850. Pp.

1272. will be very acceptable gifts, as well for general use as for the special benefit of

Novum Testamentum graece et latine; students.

Car. Lachmannus recensuit Phil. Buttman

nus Ph. f. graecae lectionis auctoritates A Successor to Neander.

apposuit. Tom. II. Berolini. 1850. Pp. It is profoundly and universally felt that 701. 8vo. no survivor of Neander can make good his Geschichte der Pasagier, Joachim's von loss to the University of Berlin. Among Floris, Amalrich's von Bena und anderer the candidates named as most likely to be verwandter Sekten; von Dr. C. U. Hahn. honoured with a call to his chair are NIED

Mit 6 lithograph. Tafeln Stuttgart, 1850, NER, of Leipsic, ULLMANN, of Heidelberg,

pp. 396. 8vo. and LEHNERDT, of Königsberg. The two former are well and widely known from Among the new works in theology and their theological writings; while Lehnerdt kindred subjects recently announced in has a high reputation as a lecturer, and has

Great Britain, are the following: obtained great influence over his students. Three Essays: The Reunion and Recog

J. L. JACOBI. nition of Christians in the Life to Come; Berlin, October, 1850.

The Right Love of Creatures and of the

Creator; Christian Conversation ; by John Among the most important late publica. Sheppard. 12mo., pp. 236:- The Four Gos. tions on the continent of Europe are the fol- pels Combined; or, the Life of our Lord lowing:

and Saviour Jesus Christ, as narrated by S. Justini Phil. et Mart. Opera quae the Four Evangelists. Being a Chronoloferuntur omnia. Ad optimos libros mss. gical Arrangement of the Gospels according partim nondum collatos recensuit, prolego- to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, in the menis adnotatione versione instruxit, in- Words of Holy Scripture, according to the dices adiecit I. C. Thd. Otto, phil. et theol. Authorized Version, and omitting repetitions Dr., theol. in acad. Ien. professor. Tomi only. 12mo. :-Objections to the Doctrine III. Pars I. et II. Opera Iustini subditicia. of Israel's Future Restoration to Palestine, Editio altera. Ienae, pp. 208, 404, gr. 8. National Pre-eminence, &c.; by Edward Also under the title : Corpus Apologetarum Swaine. Second edition. Pp. 163:--An. Christianorum saeculi secundi. Edidit I. alysis and Summary of Old Testament C. Thd. Oito. Vol. IV. et V.

History and the Laws of Moses. 12mo., Eine Idee über das Studium der Theo- pp. 516:--Discourses and Sayings of our logie. Von W. M. L. DE WETTE. Dem Lord Jesus Christ, illustrated in a Series Druck übergeben und mit einer Vorrede of Expositions ; by Rev. John Brown, D. D. begleitet von Ad. Stieren, Dr. d. Theol. u. 3 vols., 8vo., pp. 1704:-Light in the Dark Philos., Prof. d. Theol. an der Univ. Jena. Places; or, Memorials of Christian Life in Leipzig. 1850. 31 pp.. Bro.

the Middle Ages; translated froin the Ger. man of Dr. A. Neander. Fer., 870., pp. Notes, and Appendix, by Charles William 406:—The Gospel in Central America: Russell, D. D., Professor of Ecclesiastical containing a Sketch of the Country-Phy. History in St. Patrick's College, Maynooth. sical and Geographical-Historical and Poli- 1 vol., 8vo.:-An Exposition of the Thirtytical-Moral and Religious, A History of Nine Articles, Historical and Doctrinal; by the Baptist Mission in British Honduras, Edward Harold Browne, M. A., Prebendary and of the Introduction of the Bible into the of Exeter. To be completed in two vols. Spanish American Republic of Guatemala; Vol. I, 8vo. :-The Nature and Comparative by Frederick Crowe. 12mo. :-Prophetic Value of the Christian Evidences considered Studies; or, Lectures on Daniel ; by the Generally, in Eight Sermons preached beRev. John Cumming, D. D. fcp. 8vo :- fore the University of Oxford, in the Year An Analysis and Critical Interpretation of MDCCCXLIX, at the Lecture founded by the Hebrew Version of the Book of Gene. the late Rev. John Bampton, M. A., Canon sis; by the Rev. William Paul, A. M.: of Salisbury; by the Rev. John Michell, A Commentary on the Epistle of Paul the B.D., Vice Principal of Magdalen Hall, and Apostle to the Romans; with a new Trans- late Fellow and Tutor of Lincoln College. lation and Notes, by W.W. Ewbank, M. A. 8vo.:--The Bible Student's Guide to the more · To be completed in 2 volumes, post 8vo. Correct Understanding of the English TransVol. I.:-Annotations on the New Testa- lation of the Old Testament, by Reference ment, Critical, Philosophical, and Explana- to the Original Hebrew. By an Alphabetical tory : intended as an Appendix and Supple- Arrangement of every English Word in the ment to the larger Greek Testament, with Authorized Version, the corresponding HeEnglish Notes; containing Additional An

brew may at once be ascertained, with its notations, Critical, Philological, and Ex- Peculiar Signification and Construction; by planatory; by the Rev. S. T. Bloomfield, the Rev. W. Wilson, D.D., Canon of WinD. D. 1 vol., 8vo. :-The Church of Christ, chester, 1 vol., 4to.:-A Synopsis of Authoin its Ideal Attributes and Ministry: with rities on the Doctrine of Baptism, &c.; an especial Reference to the Controversy on containing Quotations and Abridgments the Subject between Romanists and Pro- from the Fathers and other Writers of the testants; by Edward Arthur Litton, M. A: first Four Centuries ; by J. A. Wickham. A System of Theology; by Godfrey Wil

Esq. With a Preface by the Rev. H. D. liam Baron von Leibnitz; translated from Wickham, late Fellow of Exeter College, the Autograph MS., with an Introduction, Oxford. I'vol., 8vo.

AMERICAN.

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Professor H. B. Hackett, of the Trenton are the following :--The Speech of God Theological Institution, has in press a

The Word of God-Evangelism-Charac“ Philological and Exegetical Commentary teristics of the Age-Unbelief-Church Reon the Acts of the Apostles," which will be quisites Church Provision-Methodismpublished in the spring, in a volume of 350 Church Sanctity-Church Visitations (Reor 400 pages. “Its aim,” according to the vivals—The Divine Government--Prayer Bibliotheca Sacra, “ will be, to give a full and its Presages. exhibition of the meaning of the text, sup- Cox's translation of Neander's monoported by the best critical authorities. graph, “The Emperor Julian and his Some questions of special difficulty will

Times," has been published by J. C. Ribe discussed in an appendix.'

ker, New-York, in a 12mo. volume. Messrs. Lane & Scott have in press a We learn from the Christian Review that reprint of a new English work of striking Neander's Practical Expositions of St. interest, entitled, Religion, the Weal of James and of St. Paul's Epistle to the The Church and the Need of the Times, by Philippians, noticed some time since in this GEORGE STEWARD." The work contains a Journal, are in process of translation by series of able essays upon topics of the Mrs. H. C. Couant, and will soon be pubtimes, and is, in most respects, as well lished. A translation of Hagenbach's Kitadapted to stir up the Church in America chengeschichte des 18 und 19 Jahrhunderte, as in England. The titles of its chapters may also be expected from the same pen.

Classical and Miscellaneous.

EUROPEAN.

An abridged edition of Smith's Great "The figure here engraved is similar in Dictionary of Antiquities, Mythology, and character to the Winged Lion, and formed

the eastern side of the southern entrance to Biography, has been published in London,

the Great Hall in the North-west Palace at in one volume, 8vo., for the use of schools.

Nimroud. It was sculptured out of a yellow

limestone. The human head of the bull The seventh volume of the translation of

forming the opposite side of the entrance is Schlosser's “History of the Eighteenth

now in the British Museum.” Century, and of the Nineteenth, till the

Among the new works recently announced Overthrow of the French Empire," has

in England are the following:been published in London. The eighth

The Kafir Language : comprising a Sketch and concluding volume is announced for

of its History; which includes a General speedy publication.

Classification of South African Dialects; M. Botta's Letters on the First Discove. Remarks upon its Nature, and a Grammar; ries at Nineveh, have been translated from by the Rev. John W. Appleyard, Wesleyan the French, and published in London, in Missionary in British Kaffraria. 1 vol., 8vo.: one volume, 8vo. It is illustrated by nume- -A Pilgrimage to the Land of my Fathers; rous plates of ancient sculpture and inscrip- or,

Narrative of Travel and Sojourn in Judea tions.--Among the recent additions to the and Egypt; by the Rev. Moses Margoliouth. collection of Nineveh marbles in the British 2 vols., 8vo.:--Notes of a Residence in Museum, are two bas-reliefs representing a

Nineveh, and Travels in Mesopotamia, AsWinged Human-Headed Lion and a Winged syria, &c.; by the Rev. J. P. Fletcher, Human-Headed Bull. Mr. Layard writes of

Minister of St. Saviour's Church. 2 vols., the winged Lion as follows :

880. :-Revelations of Life, and other “ This colossal figure formed one side of

Poems; by John Edmund Reade, Author a portal leading from an outer chamber into of “Catiline," " Italy," &c. Post 8vo.: the Great Hall of the North-west Palace at The Charities of London; their Origin and Nimroud. The one selected, stood on the Design, Progress, and Present Position; north side of the western entrance. It was

by Sampson Low, Jun. Fcp., 8vo.:--The in admirable preservation, and about twelve

Philosophy of Spirits in Relation to Matter: feet square. Each entrance to the same

showing the Real Existence of Two very chamber, and the entrance to most of the halls of the Assyrian palaces, were formed

distinct Kinds of Entity, which Unite to by pairs of similar monsters, either lions or Form the different Bodies that Compose bulls, with a human head and the wings of a the Universe; by C. M. Burnett, M, D. bird. There can be little doubt that they

1 vol., 8vo. :-The Stones of Venice; by were invested with a mythic or symbolic

John Ruskin, Author of the “Seven Lamps character—that they typified the Deity, or some of his attributes, his omniscience, his

of Architecture." 1 vol., 8vo.:--A Volume ubiquity, and his might. Like the Egyptian

of Table-Talk; by Leigh Hunt. Fcp., 8vo. : Sphynxes, they were probably introduced -Characters, Costumes, and Modes of Life into the architecture of the people on ac- in the Valley of the Nile; by E. Prisse, the count of their sacred character. Thirteen letter press by J. A. St. John. 1 vol., 4to., pairs of them-some, however, very much

with 31 plates, said to be one of the most injured-were discovered among the ruins

beautiful works of art ever issued from the of Nimroud. At Kouijunjik five pairs of winged bulls were dug out, but neither in English press :-Curran and his Contempothese ruins nor at Khorsabad was the winged raries; by Charles Phillips, Esq. 2 vols., lion found. They differed considerably in 8vo.:- -Notes on North America, Agriculsize the largest being about sixteen and a

tural, Social, and Economical; by James half feet square, and the smallest scarcely five ; and in every instance were sculptured

F. W. Johnston, F. R. SS. L. & E., &c., out of one solid slab. The head and fore

Author of “Lectures on Agricultural Chepart were finished all round,--the body and mistry and Geology :"-Thoughts on Being: hind legs being in high relief. The spaces suggested by Meditation upon the Infinite, behind the back and between the legs were

the Immaterial, and the Eternal; by Edward covered with a cuneiform inscription."

Shirley Kennedy. 8vo.:-Elements of CaThe Winged Human-Headed Bull is thus tholic Philosophy; or, Theory of the Namudescribed:

ral System of the Human Mind. 8vo.:THE

METHODIST QUARTERLY REVIEW.

APRIL, 1851,

ART. I-PHILOSOPHY AND FAITH.

1. An Historical and Critical View of the Speculative Philosophy of Europe in the

Nineteenth Century. By J. D. MORELL, A. M. New-York: Robert Carter.

1 vol., 8vo. 1848. 2. Essais sur la Philosophie et la Religion au XIX. Siècle. Par EMILE SAISSET,

Agrégé à la Faculté des Lettres de Paris. Paris : Charpentier. 1 vol., 18mo. 1845.

We have no design of subjecting the works specified in our rubric to any formal examination. We shall avail ourselves of their assistance without entering into their excellencies or defects. Mr. Morell's is sufficiently familiar to the reading public, and has been already criticised often enough, to render such a labour on our part with respect to it a work of supererogation. M. Saisset's is little more than a collection of essays originally published in the “Revue des Deux Mondes," and written in the highest strain of polemical declamation-we might, perhaps, venture to add, of polemical sophistry also. To criticise the latter, might be deemed false heraldry; for it is as contrary to the ordinary etiquette and procedure of the literary censorship to review a review, as it is in the theory of coat-armour to blazon metal upon metal. Moreover, M. Saisset's articles were written with a direct reference to a local question—the general superintendence of education-which was then agitating the French public; and if the subject at any period possessed much interest for Americans, the time has now passed away, and the present condition of France presents new and more exciting topics for our study and investigation. Under these circumstances, we deem it of more importance to enlarge upon our texts than to point out the merits and note the deficiencies of the text-books themselves.

FOURTH SERIES, VOL. III.-12

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