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They intend not your precise abstinence from any light
Nolampe, included liquors, lachrymatories, or tear-bottles,
attended these rural urnes, either as sacred unto the Manes Brerewood. On the Sabbath, (1630.) p. 48. And mailes betweene, and laced close afore.
or passionate expressions of their surviving friends. The annual labour of every nation is the fund which
Spenser, Faerie Qucene, b. v. c. 5.
Browne. Urne-Burial, c. 3. originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveni- For striving more, the more in laces strong
It is of an exquisite sense, that, upon any touch the tears encies of life, which it annually consumes, and which con
Himselfe he tide, and wrapt his winges twaine, sists always either in the immediate produce of that labour,
might be squeezed from the lachrymal glands, to wash and In lymie snares the subtil loupes anong.
clean it.-Cheyne. Philosophical Principles. or in what is purchased with that produce from other na
Id. Muinpotmos. tions.--Smith. Wealth of Nations, vol. i. Introd. Cooke. And whom for mutton and kid ?
What a variety of shapes in the ancient urns, lamps, loThe number of useful and productive labourers, is every Child. A fine lac'd mutton.
chrymary vessels.--Addison. Italy. Rome. where in proportiou to the quantity of capital stock which is
B. Jonson. Neptune's Triumph. A Masque. The learned Mr. Wise, late Radclivian librarian, had a employed in setting them to work, and to the particular way He scratch'd the maid, he stole the cream,
glass lachrymatory, or rather a sepulchral aromatic phial, in which it is so employed.--Id. Ib.
He tore her best lac'd pinner.
dug up between Noke and Wood-Eaton. Prior. The Widow and her Cat.
Warton. History of Kiddington, p. 57. Why does the juice, which flows into the stomach, contain powers which make that bowel the great laboratory, as it is Mr. Nisby [is] of opinion that lac'd coffee is bad for the LACK, v.
Dut. Laecken, minuere, dimiby its situation the recipient, of the materials of future nu- head.---Spectator, No: 317.
nuere, attenuare, extenuare, detrition ?-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 7.
He is forced every morning to drink his dish of coffee by LA'CKER. terere; deficere, deesse ;Those who have dragged their understanding laboriously itself, without the addition of the Spectator, that used to be
To lessen or diminish, to weaken, to fail or be along the tiresome circuit of ancient demonstration, may be better than lace to it.-Id, No. 488.
deficient, to be faulty; to want or be wanting. unwilling to grant that they have taken all these pains to no
Swift from her head she loosid, with eager huste, purpose.-Beddoes. On the Elements of Geometry, Ded. 11.
To diminish, consequentially, to degrade, to find The yellow curls in artful fillets lac d.
fault with, to blame.
Hoole. Jerusalem Delirered, b. xv. LABU'RNUM. See the quotation from
Shakespeare uses the compounds lack-beard, Plinie.
By mercers, lacemen, mantua-makers pressid,
-brain, -linen, -lustre, The cypresse, walnut, chesnut-trees, and the laburnum, Where can she turn?-Jenyns. The Modern Fine Lady.
Where is & shall be eternall cannot in any wise abide waters. This last named, is a tree
Joy, incomparable myrtly without heaviness, proper unto the Alpes, not commonly knowne: the wood LACERATE, v. Fr. Lacérer; It. Lace
Loue with charity and grace celestiall thereof is hard and white: it beareth a blossome of a cubite LACERATION. rare; Sp. Lacerar ; Lat.
Lasting interminable, lacking no goodness. long, but bees will not settle upon it.
LACERATIVE Lacerare, from the Gr. Aak-
R. Gloucester, p. 548. App.
Fair scho was thei seiden, & gode withouten lnk. And pale laburnum's pendent flowers display
R. Brunne, p. 95. sonare, crepare, but also cum crepitu rumpi, Their different beauties.-Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 2. ut fit in iis, quæ lacerantur.
Ac ich wolle lacke no lyf. quath that lady sotthly.
Piers Piouhman, p. 18. In streaming gold.
Couper. Task, b. vi.
Hem lacked no vitaille that might hem plece.
Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,498. LABYRINTHIAN. Sp. Labarinto; Lat. Laby- as to lacerate, and lift up great quantities or bubbles of
I trowe that if enuie I wis water, too heavy for the air to carry or buoy up, it causeth rinthus ; Gr. AaBupivdos; Locus viarum ambawhat we call boyling.
Knew the best man that is
On this side or beyond the see, gibus ad capiendum aptus, from naß-elv, to take,
Derham. Physico-Theology, 5. ii. c. 5. Note 2.
Yet somewhat lacken hem would she.-10. Rom. of the R. A place formed to take or hold, confine, or keep
They (nitrous and sulphurous exhalations] force ont theri within ; difficult to pass through or escape from ; way. not onely with the breaking of the cloud, but the
If I do that lakke,
Do stripen me and put me in a sakke, formed with many windings or turnings, or in- loceration of the air about it. tricate, involved, or perplexed ways or paths : as
Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 5.
And in the nexte riuer do me drenche.
Id. The Marchantes Tale, v. 10,073. applied generally,-intricacy, perplexity.
If there be no fear of laceration, pull it out the same way it went in.- Wiseman. Surgery, b. v. c. 1.
For lacke of answere, none of us shul dien. Since wee have finished our obeliskes and pyramides, let
Id. Ib. v. 10,145. us enter also into the labyrynthes; which we may truly say, Some depend upon the intemperament of the part ulce. are the most monstrous works that ever were divised by the rated, others upon the continual afflux of lacerative humours.
What helpeth a man haue mete. hand of man.-Holland. Plinie, b. xiii. c. 13.
Harvey. On Consumption.
Where drinke lackethe on the borde.-Gower. Con. A. b.iv And like a wanton girl, oft doubting in her gate,
Since the lungs are obliged to a perpetual commerce with Lo thus to broke is Christe's folde, In labrinth-like turns, and twinings intricate.
the air, they must necessarily lie open to great damages, Wierof the flocke, without guide
In lacke of them, that be vnware
Id. lb. Prol. The circles intricate, and mystic maze.
The warrior's laceraled corpse convey'd.
Lewis. Stalius. Thebais, b. xii. Thereat the feend his gnashing teeth did grate,
And griev'd, so long to lacke his greedie pray. LACE, v. Also, in old authors, written LACHE. ? Minshew derives from the Fr.
Spenser. Faerie Queené, b. ii. c. 7. Lace, n. | Las. Fr, Lacer, lacet, from the La'chesse. | Lascher, or Lasche, slacke, loose,
The lack of one may cause the wrack of all; Lat. Laqueus, (Skinner.) The Lat. Laqueus, and slow, remisse. (See Lash.) Skinner,-from Although the lackers were terrestrial gods, It. Laccio, as well as the Eng. Latch, and lace, | Lat. Laxus, Lache, in Chaucer, says Junius, is Yet will they ruling reel, or reeling fall.
Daries. Wit's Pilgrimage. are the past tense and past part. of the A.S. explained-sluggish, dull, heavie, lazie ; and he Lecc-an, lvc-gan, lacc-ean, prehendere, appre- suspects that lache was the original way of writing Frugal, where lack, supplies with what redounds, hendere, to catch, to hold, (Tooke.). lazie. (See Lazy.) The Dut. Laecken. Eng.
And here bestows what noxious there abounds.
Brooke, Universal Beauty, b. i. A lace,—any thing which catcheth or holdeth, Lacke, is deficere, deesse ; the noun Laecke, detieth, bindeth, or fasteneth ; applied to cords, or fectus; and lache may be the same word, ke But tho' each Court a jester lacks, strings, or threads, plain or interwoven of various softened into che ; meaning
To laugh at monarchs to their face,
(Yet) all mankind behind their backs materials; also to the substance formed by such A defect or failure, a want, (sc.) of strength, of
Supply the honest jester's place. interweaving activity, care, diligence: and thus, consequen
Dodsley. The Kings of Europe. Laced, as laced coffee, i. e. coffee inter-laced, tially, slackness or sluggishness; remissness, neg
LA'CKER, v. intermingled, or intermixed with some other ingre- ligence.
To lay on, to cover with dient.
lacquer, or lacque, i. e. with a The lord of hus lacchese, and hus luther sleuthe,
preparation of lac. It. Lacca. Guiding of sheldes, with lainers lacing.
See Lake, and the quotation from Dampier. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2506.
And if he be slowe, and astonyed, and lache, men shall! holde him lyke to an asse.---Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv.
The lack of Tonquin is a sort of gunimy juice, which Hire shoon were laced on hire legges hie.
drains out of the bodies or limbs of trees. The cabinets, Id, The Milleres Tale, v. 3268.
Then cometh lachesse, that is, he that whan he beginneth desks, or any sort of frames to be lockered, are made of fir, any good werk, anon he wol forlete and stint it.
or pine tree. The workhouses where the lacker is laid on, And therefore sith 1 know of love's peine,
Id. The Persones Tale.
are accounted very unwholesome. And wot how sore it can a man destreine, The first point of slouth I call
Dampier. Voyages, an. 1638, As he that oft has ben caught in his las,
Lachesne, and is the chief of all,
What shook the stage, and made the people stare !
Cato's long wig, flowr'd gown, and lacquer'd chair.
Pope. Imitation of Horace, Ep. 1. And shode he was with maistrie,
The law also determines that in the king can be no negliWith shoone decoped, and with lace.--Id. Rom, of the R. gence, or laches, and therefore no delay will bar his right.
Alum and lacque, and clouded tortoiseshell. But certes, loue, I say not in soch wise,
Dyer. The Fleece, b. iv.
In vases, flow'r pots, lamps, and sconces,
LACHRYMAL. Fr. Lachrymal; It. La- Intaglios, cameos, gems and bronzes,
LACHRYMARY. -grimal ; And plant my plaint within her brest,
These eyes have read through many a crust
Lat. Lacrima ;
Of lacker, varnish, grease and dust. My harmes to helth, my ruth to rest, ua, & changed into l, a tear.
Cawthorn. The Antiquariana
Or oblong buckle, on the lacker'd shoe,
With polish'd lustre, bending elegant
Jago. Edge Hill, b.ili. 1186
LACUNICISM. LacoviSM. LACONIZE, V.
You that were once so economic,
To lay or put on, to impose, a weight or burden;
to put in, to take in, that which is to be borne or to lacke ; q. d. one who lacks, is poor or indigent,
Dernum. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 9. carried ;--the cargo. and therefore servile) interprets the Goth. Laik
I might next trace it through the several meanders of the And they laded their asses with the corne and departed an, saltare, exultare. Wachter,—the Ger. Læk-en, guts, the lacteals, and into the blood.- Id. Ib.
thence.-Bible, 1551. Gen. c. 42.
This lactean whiteness ariseth from a great number of
Pomegranets, lemons, citrons, so
Their laded branches bow,
Drayton. I'ke Curription of Elysium.
juice, resolvent of the bile, anodyne and cooling, extremely lading of their goods at their seucrall ports to meet at Zante useful in all diseases of the liver.
Slow. Queene Elizabeth, an. 1585.
Arbuthnot. On Aliments, Prop. 4.
H'is growne too much the story of men's mouths
And this lactescence, if I may so call it, does also commonly To scape his lading.
B. Jonson. The Divell is an Asse, Act i. sc. 6.
parts of gums or other vegetable concretions, that are sup
posed to abound with sulphureous corpuscles, fair water is No toiling teams from harvest-lahvur come
So late at night, so heavy laden home.
Boyle. Works, vol. i.
Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3. Drayton. The Battle of Agincourt.
He makes the breasts to be nothing but glandules of that Some were made prize : while others burnt, and rent,
. To clear your doubts, he doth return in triumph, sort they call conglomeratæ, made up of an intinite number With their rich lading to the bottom went.
Waller. War with Spain, (1651.)
I'll show thee where the softest cowslips spring
And clust'ring nuts their laden branches bend.
LA'DKIN. | ducere, to lead or guide ; because
If large the vessel, and her lading large,
And if the seas prove faithful to their charge,
Great are your gains.-Cooke. Hesiod. Works & Days, b. ii. A thousand liveried angels lackey her.-Milton. Comus.
the quotation from Piers Plouhman); also, as the
latter asserts, signifying juvenis ; but leode means LADE, v.) A. S. Hlad-an, to draw out. Lord of the Seasons! They in courtly pomp
a companion, follower, or attendant, and may itself LA'DLE. SA.S. Hadle. Laqu thy presence, and with glad dispatch
Camden says that Pear at thy bidding, o'er the land and sea.
be from lud-an, to lead. Lad will thus mean- lade is a passage of water, and that aquaductus in Grainger. The Sugar Cane, b. iii.
One who, on account of his tender years, is the old Glossarie is translated water-lada. Hence LACONICK.
under a leader, guide, or director : a male child, it appears that hladan, to draw out, is merely a Fr. “ Laconizer, to live a boy ; generally, a youth; or one acting in the consequential usage of lad-an, to lead, guide, or
strictly or sparingly, to speak services usually performed by youth. See Lass. conduct; and that water-lada is a conduit for Laconically. briefly or pithily.” And Hol. And the more he hath and wynneth the world at hus
water; that by which water may be conducted or
drawn ofl. The application is,-
To dip (sc. some vessel or implement) into short and pithy speech or in
Piers Ploúnman, p. 187. bard life, (Plutarch, Explanation of T'erms.)
water or other liquid, and throw out the contents Be large ther of while hit laste to leedes that ben needy.
or quantity received.
Piers Pivuhman, p. 380. Derian. A Dialogue between Sir J. Pooley & Mr. Killegrew.
Bible, 1551. John, c. 6.
Alas that he ne had hold him by his ladel!
Chaucer. The Manciples Prologue, v. 17,000. heps, because he was not allowed to be miserable. His
laddes but of their fathers handes to be slayne.
Spenser. Facrie Queene, b. ii. c. 7.
Draylon. Poiy-Olbion, s. 22. Like one that stands vpon a promontorie,
Tharrhon that young ladkin hight
And spyes a farre-off shore, where he would tread,
Wishing his foot were equall with his eye,
And chides the sea, that sunders him from thence
Saying hee'le lade it dry to haue his way.
Shakespeare. 3 Pt. Hen. VI. Act ii.
“Oh! may your altars ever blaze!
18 what I want, is what I wish." LADDER. A.S. Hladre; Dut. Ladder; Ger. “A ladie!" cries the man, “a ladle! Brown. Christ. Mor. i. 25. Leiter ; from A.S. Lad-an; Dut. Le d-en; Ger. home grow laconic even beyond Vaconicisme, for some Leiten; to lead ;q. d. Ductor, scala etiam ad Beton only yes or no, in questionary or petitionary altiora loca ducimur, (Skinner:) quod scanden
Odzooks, Corisca, you have pray'd ill.”—Prior. The Ladie.
LA'DY. Tooke has written more elatem ducunt et dirigant, (Kilian.) Wachter resorts
LADIED. borately than usual upon the
LA'DYFY, 2. name is given to- german
La'dily. it to the A. S. Hlaf, the past
He supposes hlas, A machine formed of steps, supported at each part. of Wif.ian, to raise. end by upright side-pieces.
first, by receiving the common participial terThe kyng by an laddere to the ssyp clam an hey.
mination, ed, to become hlaf-ed, then by con. R. Gloucester, p. 333.
traction hlajd, and further by the addition of off;—guna, (lac,) says Len-' the walies of his hous, and hy the windowes ben entred, and Foure of his old foos han it espied, and setten ladders to
the common adjective termination ig, hlafd-ig,
or by omitting the initial h, laf, la fed," lafd, beten his wifi-Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus.
lafd-ig, the ig being as usual softened to y. By from its bright whiteness, and they sodainly with great force and outcry assayed to scale | the mere suppression of the f, lafil-y becomes solete primitive) ya-w, ab ex. climing vuer the heads of their fellowes vpon a target fence. to the rank of ber husband or lord, (see Lord.)
Sarile. Tacilus. Historie, p. 150.
Serenius finds the word written lafd-a in Goth.
R. Gloucester, it is written leuedy. See Jamie-
Holland. Piutarch, p. 71.
That heo comen alle to London the hey men of this londe,
And the ieuedys al so god, to ys noble fest wyde.
R. Gloucester, p. 156.
For mony was the faire ledy, that y come was therto.
The eldre man to the chosun ladi and to hir children.
Wiclif. 2 Jon, c. 1
The elder to the electe ladye and hir children.
itsnical discipline pleased him well.
18. and desirous to enter into religion there, after hee and sigrated his desire, wrote to the abbot laconically.
The hand of providence writes often by abbreviatures, be picks or shon characters, which, like the laconism She wall Dan iii. 25) are not to be made out but by a de og key from that Spirit which indited them.
De so half a yard long.- Pope. To Swifi, Aug. 17, 1736.
en therefore, when a certain Athenian laughed to the Celtie) Klettern, to mount or climb. The
* them with ease upon the stage, answered in Arc nay, And yet we can reach our enemies' hearts .-Langhorne. Pluiarch, vol. i. Lycurgus.
Lat. Lac, απο του γαλακτος, the first syllable being cut
AL TEAL, adj. nep, appears to have its name
plicandi notione translatum ad
eam nitendi,splendendi; transTo form the notion of explaining
and clear, to that of brightening, of shining. olmiky, bearing or producing milk, or Prambling milk. urt that the offering of Abel, who sacrificed of
tas only wool, the fruits of his shearing; and rather cream, a part of his lactoge.
Shuckford. On the Creation, vol. i. p. 79. werk it no easie probleme to resolve) why also from "f plants which have a white and lacteous
Some through every part, there arise flowers blew 558.--Broka. Vulgar Errours, b. vi. c. 10.
son, in v. Laird,
Bible, 1551. 16.
Such sorrow this lady to her tooke,
recipients of liquid substances. Lake, in Wielif, Had such pitie and such routh
Or with a vigorous ardour urge your pace,
is in the common version wine-press. The usual I farde the worse all the morrow
Francis. Horace, Ep. 2. T. Lollius. application is to-
A large expanse of water within land, or having
no immediate connexion with the sea. And whan she goth to here masse
And bids afflicted worth retire to peace. That time shall nought ouerpasse,
And the lake (lacus) was trodun withoute the citee, and Johnson. Vanity of Human Wishes.
the blood went out of the lake til to the bridelis of horsis bi That I ne approche hir ladihede.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv. Now sonne tell me then so, LAPINER, Fr. straps or thongs, (Tyrwhitt.) furlongis a thousynde and sixe hundride.
Wiclif. Apocalips, c. 14. What hast thou done of besiship
Skinner writes it lamers, thongs; and suggests the
And sprincles eke the water counterfet,
Like unto blacke Auernus lake in bell.
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.
So stretcht out huge in length the arch-fiend lay Upon a lowly ass more white than snow;
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2507.
Chain'd on the burning lake.- Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i. Yet she much whiter ; but the same did hide Under a vele, that wimpled was full low.
LAIR, or Skinner writes it leer, - clearly Our spacious lakes; thee, Larius, first; and next
Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 2. cubile, and this from liegen, to lay. It is immeTo be plain argues honesty ; but to be pleasing argues diately from lay, or lai, layer or lair.
I started up, and looking out, observed by the light of the discretion. Sores are not to be anguisht with a rustick
moon the lake (Desensanoj in the most dreadful agitation, pressure, but gently stroak'd with a ladied hand. 1. The place where any one (deer or other animal) and the waves dashing against the walls of the inn, and
i. Res. 8. lays or is laid. Applied to the land or pasture in resembling the swellings of the ocean, more than the petty More did I feare, than euer in
which they lie. In Hardyng's Chronicle (quoted agitation of inland waters.-Eustace. Italy, vol. i. c. 5. Your ladiship I found,
by Dr. Jamieson) the place where Arthur was Disdainefull lookes from those faire eyes
LA'KENS. The diminutive of our lady, i. e. laid in burial. That me with loue did wound.
ladykin, (Steevens.) Warner. Albion's England, b. xi. c. 64. The mynster church, this day of great repayre
By our lakens brother husband (qh. she,) but as properlye Of Glastenbury, where now he has his leyre. And now and then among, of eglantine a spray,
Harding. Chronicle, p. 77.
as ye was preached, yet woulde I rather abyde the perill of By which again a course of lady-smocks they lay.
breding wormes in my bely by eating of fleshe without Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 15. More hard for hungrey steed t'abstaine from pleasant lare. breadde, then to eate with my meate the breadde that I wist
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8. well wer poysoned.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 849.
Instead of his Æmylia faire
Gon. By'r laken, I can go no further, sir,
My old bones akes.-Shakespeare. Tempest, Act iii. sc. 3. A velvet hood, rich borders, &c.
A headlesse heap, hin unawares there caught.-Id. Ib.
LAMB, v. Goth. A. S. Dut. Ger. and
Swed. Lamb, agnus. The origin
LA'MBKIN. of the word, says Junius, im-
probably enough, is to be sought, prefixo l, from Such a deadly curelesse rot
This etymoThis lady-fly I take from off the grass,
That none living are.-Browne. Shepheard's Pipe, Ec.. 3. the initial letters of the Gr. Auvos. Whose spotted back might scarlet red surpass,
Out of the ground uprose
logy, says Wachter, Stiernhiem despises, but Fly, lady-bird, North, South, or East, or West,
As from his laire the wilde beast where he wonns suggests no other. Ihre remarks,- Apud ArmoFly where the man is found that I love best. In forrest wilde, in thicket, brake or den.
ricos lamma notat saltare, which does not ill suit Gay. The Shepherd's Week. Thursday.
Milton, Paradise Lost, b. vii. this kind of animal. Minshew,-from lamb-ere, to Such as your titled folks would choose
Where nature shall provide
lick. It is applied toAnd lords and ladyships might use,
Green grass and fat'ning clover for their fare ! Which style whoever would succeed in,
The young offspring of the sheep; (met.) to And mossy caverns for their noontide lare: Must have small wit and much good breeding.
With rocks above to shield the sharp nocturnal air. any one having the meekness, innocence of a
Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3. lamb.
Non lyckore ys brother hym nas, than an wolf ys a lombe.
R. Gloucester, p. 280. LAG, N. (the n omitted,) from the A. S.
Even here is a season of rest Lag, adj. Læng, long; as we say, he stayes And I to my cabin repair.
And gaf the kyngdome to hus knave. that kept sheep & lambren.
Piers Plouhman, p. 59.
Go ye lo Y sende you: as lambren among woluys.
Wiclif. Luke, c. 10. and it is not improbable that it may have the æstimare, reputare, judicare. Skinner prefers the same origin, viz. the Goth. Lag-yan, A. S. Lecg- Fr. Laicter, lactare.
Go your wayes : beholde, I sende you forthe ag lambes
among wolues.--Bible, 1551. Ib.
So 'twixt them both they not a lambkin left ;
And, when the lambs fail'd, the old sheepes lives they reft.
Spenser. Mother Hubberd's Tale. behind, to come or follow slowly after; to come in
LAITY. See LAY. late or latterly, at the latter end, after others.
I finde those that commend use of apples, in splenaticke LAKE. Tyrwhitt remarks, it is difficult to and this kinde of melancholy (lambs-wool some call it) For a gunstone I say had all to lagged his cap.
which howsoever approved must certainely be corrected of Skelton. The Crowne of Laurell. say what sort of cloth is meant. Laecken, Belg. cold rawnesse and winde.
signifies both linen and woollen cloth, (Kilian.) When with the luggage such as lagg‘d behind,
Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 395. And that were set the carriages to keep, Fine cloth and lawn (says Skinner.) Somner has
In the warm folds their tender lambkins lie
Apart from kids, that call with human cry,
Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xiii.
Er'n while I sing,
Chaucer. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,787. Yon wanton lamb has crop't the woodbine's pride, legge of people, what is amisse in them, you gods, make suteable for destruction.
LAKE. Fr. Lacque; It. and Low Lat. Lacca.
That bent beneath a full-blown load of sweets,
And fill'd the air with perfume.
Mason. The English Garden, b. ii.
former, of Arabic origin. (And see the quotation Nor dread we more the rigour of the year, They may cum priuilegio, wee (wear] away
from Boyle.) Fr. “ Lacque, sanguine; rosie or Than the fell wolf the fearful lambkins dreads The lag end of their lewdnesse, and be laughed at. rubie colour. The true lacca is an Armenian gum,
When he the helpless fold by night invades,
Beattie, Virgil, Past. 7. Some tardie cripple bare and countermand, (grown artificial) employed by painters,” (Cot- LAMBENT.
Lat. That came too lagge to see him buried.
Lambens, present Id. Rich. III. Act ii. sc. 1. grave.) And see LACKER.
La'MBATIVE, adj. part. of lambere, to lick. Yet not content, more to encrease his shame,
Architecture, who no less
Lambere, from the Gr. AantWhenso she lagged, as she needs mote so, A goddess is, than painted cloth, deal board,
EIV, which means (Vossius) to lick or lap, or to He with his speare (that was to him great blame)
Vermilion, lake, or crimson can afford
drink by licking or lapping, and itself seems to be Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 2. I met the other day, Pyrophilus in an Italian book, that To this, Idomeneus: "The fields of fight treats of other matters, with a way of preparing what the
Licking, touching lightly-as with the tongue; Have prov'd thy valour, and unconquer'd might;
author calls a lacca of vegetables, by which the Italians moving about or around, as if licking, or touching And were some ambush for the foes design'd,
mean a kind of extract fit for painting, like that rich lacca lightly. Ev'n there, thy courage would not lag behind.
in English, commonly called lake, which is employed by Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xiii. painters as a glorious red.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 782.
The star that did my being frame
Was but a lambent flame,
Sudden a circling flame was seen to spread
With beams refulgent round lulus' head;
Then on his locks the lambent glory preys,
And harmless fires around his temples blaze.
Pitt. Virgil. Encid, b. ii. 1188
Of our design.
32-Id. Of the Pope's Supremacy.
Here did she pause, and with a mild aspect stood a pot of lambative electuary, with a stick of liquorish. Cannot expresse my hartes inward restrayntes.
Did towards me those lamping turns direct.
Drummond, s. 16
Thammus came next behind,
Oh sacred fyre, that burnest mightily
In liuing brests, ykindled first above
Emongst th' eternal spheres and lamping sky.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 3.
In amorous dittyes all a summer's day.
That love, sir,
Which is the price of virtue, dwells not here,
Your ladies eyes are lampless to that virtue.
Beaum. & Fletch. The Mad Lover, Act ii. sc. 1,
A. S. Lam; Dut. Lam, laem; Discover'd soon the place of her retire.--Id. Ib. b. xi.
For his sake then renew your drooping spirits,
Small griefs are soon wept out; but great ones come
Fecd with new oil the wasting lamp of life,
That winks and trembles, now, just now expiring.
Brome. On the Death of his Schoolmaster.
Smith. Phædra & Hippolitus, Act i. sc. 1.
We can spare want, to injure, or deprive of, the natural power Whiles they the corse into her wagon reare,
The splendour of your lamps; they but eclipse er strength; to maim, to cripple. And strowe with flowres the lamentable beare.
Our softer satellite.
Couper. Task, b. i.
Various and violent have been the controversies, whether berez, and was leid ech dai at the ghate of the temple. A hundred and twentie temporall men with diuers préests
our author here intended to celebrate a lamp lighter, or a Wiclis. Dedis, c. 3. and many women were drowned and lamentablie perished.
link-boy.-P. Whitehead. The Gymnasiad, b. ii. Note. The golde hath made his wittes lame.
Holinshed. Edw. III. an. 1339.
But among the Britains there was nothing else heard but LAMPO'ON, v. Cotgrave has lamponnier,
mourning and lamentation, both of men and women that LAMPO'on, n. a fond or idle companion, The mangled corps, the lamed limbes at last.
were mingled togither.--Id. Hist. of England, b iv. c. 18. LAMPO'ONER. probably from the old Fr. Gascoigne. The Fruites of Warre. A. I cannot help it now,
Admit they were, it would not be uncharitable to part Lamper, potare, to drink, (Lacombe ;) and from To ease by vsing means I lame the foote
them; yet sometimes they are not both actors, but the one the ribaldry, slander, and satire in which drinking
of them most lamentedly passive.--Milton. Colasterion.
companions indulge themselves, the word may
have derived its application to-
Satire or abuse of persons, their peculiarities
or failings. A kind of sorrowing dulnes to the mind.
Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xiii.
“ Mr. Bettesworth," answered he, “I was in my youth Donne. Faretcell to Love. But now, ah dismal change! the tuneful throng
acquainted with great lawyers, who, knowing my disposiBarck feels no lameness of his knotty gout, To loud lamentings turn the cheerful song.
tion to satire, advised me, that if any scoundrel or blockhead Els poneges travaile for him in and out.
Congreve. Death of the late Marquis of Blandford.
whom I had lampooned should ask, 'Are you the author of
and therefore I tell you, Mr. Bettesworth, that I am not the
author of those lines."- Johnson. Life of Swift.
Like her, who miss'd her name in a lampoon,
And griev'd to find herself decay'd so soon.
Dryden. Essay upon Satire.
Lampooners and criticks rush'd in like a tide,
Dryden. Persius, Sat. 1.
Stern Dennis and Gildon came first side by side.
Buckinghamshire. Election of a Poet Laureat.
It cannot be supposed that the same man, who lampooned
Lingering and list'ning, wander'd down the vale. Plato, would spare Pythagoras.- Observer, No. 142. te is lasteness,) such of them as cannot be concealed
Beattie. The Minstrel, b. i.
Libanius must have possessed a consummate impudence, * please to connive at, though, in the strictness of
Starting, he forsakes
who could address to a Christian emperor a mere panegyric
on Paganism, and a lampoon on Christianity; for such is
his oration.-Jorlin. On the Christian Religion, Dis. 6. Ee c'd by a false step, sprain a vein in the inside of his
Glover. The Alhenaid, b.i. which ever after occasioned him to go lamish,
LAMPREY. Fr. Lamproye; it. Lampreda ;
nempe a lambendis petris.
And tho he com hom, he wyllede of an lampreye to ete.
R. Gloucester, p. 422.
By all the saintes that we prey,
But they defend them with lamprey, &c.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose. Consisting of thin plates, LAMMAS. A.S. Hlaf-masse. The calends After the tale of the boy that would fayne haue eaten of or first day of August ; (q.d.) loaf-mass, perhaps the pastie of lamprese, but durst not
ynto the belles sang
vnto him,-Sit down Jacke and eate of the lampreye.
Tyndall. Workes, p. 388.
There were found in Cæsar's fish-ponds, lampreyes to have
liued threescore years.-Bacon. Hist. of Life & Death, $ 11.
LANCE, or Fr. Lancer, lance; It. Lanciare,
R. Gloucester, p. 317. LAUNCE, v. lancia; Sp. Lanzar, lanza ; Dut.
LANCE, n. Lancie, lansse ; Ger. Lanze; Sw.
R. Brunne, p. 221. LA'NCELY. ' Lants; Lat. Lancea. The ety-
LA'NCER. mologists have written much
Nurse. Euen or odde, of all daies in the yeare come Lam- ascribing it to a Celtic origin. (See Vossius, de
Vitiis, b. i. c. 3, his Etymologicon in v.-Menage,
Fr. Lampe; It. Lampa, lam- Wachter, and Ihre.) Wachter and Lye think the
root preserved in the Armoric Lança, jaculari,
A lance will thus
signify, generally, any thing thrown; and lance,
To throw; and (from the form and purpose of
a lance) consequentially, to pierce or penetrate; Hit is as lewede as a lampe, that no lyght ys ynne. to cut with a lancer or lancet, or small lance, or
Piers Plouhman, p. 22.
Spenser, may be the same word, applied conse-
Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,167. quentially; poise, equipoise.
In ys rygt hond ys lance he nom, that ycluped was Ron.
R. Gloucester, p. 174
With a herde thei mette, a herte therof gan lance.
R. Brunne, p. 94
Im lameness from its leafy pallet crawls,
The smo?'cted antennæ of some, the clavellated of others,
2.- Verkam. Physico-Theology, b. viii. c. 4. Note 3.
we cast it upon twice its weight of beaten subli. 2-Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 81.
To parcels of gold, the one common gold thinly *t, and the other very well refined.-Id, Ib. p. 82.
Es marl is-sometimes of a compact, sometimes Sinar texture.--Kirwan. On Manures.
LAMENT, . AMENT, n. AMENTABLE.
VENTABLY LA VINTATION
WESTEDLY. ANESTEE AMENTING, T.
To feel grief or sorrow, to bewail, to deplore, to bemoan ;
pada; Lama Lamparama
, Laune S lampas e G. Aautas
, from sibraire
, to throw to brandish.
grief or sorrow. Vse it selfe is inly lamentable.
Chaucer. The Assembly of Ladies. mith pitous lamentation label up, singing his song alway.
Id. The Prioresses Tale, v. 13,551. By Terelre I say unto you: ye shall wepe and la. tin the worlde shall reioyce.- Bible, 1551. Jon, c. 16.
me and fayth made her importunate-she foloweth re, and eryeth lamentably: Haue mercy vpon me
-dal. Mather, c. 15.
Spectator, No. 414.
& scharp lance that thrilled Jhesu side.--R.Brunne, p. 30. They cried to haue the sailes hoisted vp, and signe giuen! In like sort halfe a mile beyond this into the landward Plomes and cherries
to lanch foorth, that they might passe forward on their iour. goeth another longer creeke.
Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, .. 12.
Heere we consum'd a day; and the third morne
To Daiutry with a laud-wind were wee borne. With speare aproched vnto my souerain, and laurering into them we shall soon get out of our depih,
Corbet. Iler Boreale. Launsing his side full pitously alas. Chaucer. The Lamentation of Mary Magdalen.
so as to swim in dissatisfaction, or to sink into distrust. Thus royal sir, to see you landed here,
Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 23.
Was cause enough of triumph for a year. And yet I hope par ma fay,
Dryden. To his Majesty. He chose Menætes from among the rest ; That thou shalt with this launce gay Abien it ful soure.
At him he launch'd his spear, and pierc'd his breast. A tax laid upon land seems hard to the land-holder, beId. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,691.
Dryden. Ovid. Melam. b. xii. cause it is so much money going visibly out of his pocket: We cut our cable, launch into the world,
and therefore as an ease to himself, the landholder is always With many a firie launce He woundeth ofte, where he woll not hele. And foudly dream each wind and star our friend.
forward to lay it upon commodities.
Lucke. On the Lowering of Interest.
A good conscience is a port which is land-locked on every And as he put forth his honde
Goth. A.S. Ger. Dut, and side, and where no winds can possibly invade, no tempests Upon my body, where I laie, Me thought a firie launcegnie,
LAND, n. ( Sw. Land: of unknown ety
can arise.-Dryden. Virgil. Geor. Pref. Which whilom through my hert he cast.
LANDING, n. mology. (See Wachter and Ihre.) Divines but peep on undiscover'd worlds,
And draw the distant landskape as they please.
Id. Don Sebastian, Act ii sc. L And with that word, with all his force a dart
Lagy,) Lay-en-ed, Lan-ed, Land ? He launced then into that croked wombe.
The prettiest landscape I ever saw, was one drawn on the As a substance, it is opposed to water.
walls of a dark room, which stood opposite on one side to a Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii.
It is also applied to the inhabitants of the land, navigable river, and on the other side to a park The surgen launcelh and cutteth out the dead flesh. of the country, or region.
Tyndall. Workes, p. 119.
It is not unfrequent in composition ; and some As soon as the land of any country has all become private The cut wherof like a lytle launsing knife may let out the instances from our elder writers are given.
property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap foule corrupcion of the soule.--Sir T. More. Workes; p.1391.
Landlady and landlord are applied to the mistress natural produce.–Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. 6.
where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its He carried his lances, which were strong, to give a lancely and master of the house, more especially of a blow.-Sidney. Arcadia.
Religion's harbour, like th' Etrurian bay public one.
Secure froin storms, is land-lock'd ev'ry way. And they cried lowd, and cut themselues, as their maner Landskip,— Dut. Landschap ; A. S. “ Landscipe,
· Harte Thomas à Kempis. W88, we knyues and launcers.-Bible, 1551. 3 Kings, c. 18. a country, a region, a quarter, a coast; whence
Nothing can be better fancied than to make this enormous Whole hosts of sorrows her sick heart assail,
our land-skip, q.d. land-shape,” (Somner.) See son of Neptune use the sea for his looking-glass; but is When ev'ry letter ianc'd her like a dart. the quotation from Dryden.
Virgil so happy when his little landsman says, Non sum adeo Drayton, The Barons' Wars, b. vi.
informis ?-Fawkes. Theocriius, Idy. 6. Note 45.
Engelonå ys a wel god lond, ich wene of eche lond best,
LANE. Dut. Laen ; and Lye says, the A.S. Whose squire bore after him an heben launce
R. Gloucester, p. 1. ' have Lana. It may be Illane, lane, thin, and, And cover'd shield.-Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. S. In the se sailand he lendes toward Lumbardie.
therefore, narrow. Need teacheth her this lesson hard and rare,
R. Brunne, p. 186.
A narrow way or passage_between houses or That fortune all in equall launce, doth sway,
& the kyng Cadwaladre this lond had alle torn.-Id. p. 1. hedges, or any lateral continement. And mortal miseries doth make her play. Id. Ib. b. iii. c. 7. Al the puple was aboute the see on the lond.
"In the subarbes of a town," quod he,
Wiclif. Mark, c. 4. "Lurking in hernes and in lanes behind.'
Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Prologue, v. 16,124.
It is becomme a turnagaine laine ynto them, which they These carried a kind of lance de gay, sharp at both ends, Is Februar, whiche is bereigned
cannot goe through.--Tyndall. Workes, p. 388. which they held in the midst of the staff. And with landfides in his rage
The trees and bushes growing by the streets' sides, doo Raleigh. Hist. of the World, b. v. c. 3. At fordes letteth the passage.
Gouer. Con, A. b. vii.
not a little keepe off the force of the sunne in summer for Although at one time there came an army of eighteen And God sayde: let ye waters that are vnder heaven
drieng vp the lanes.- Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, c. 19. thousand foot, at another time an army wherein were gather themselues vnto one place that the drye land may Forth issuing from steep lanes, the colliers' steeds reckoned twelve thousand launce-knights. appere.--Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. I.
Drag the black load; another cart succeeds.
Gay. Triria, b. iii. To the rescue whereof, the French king sent an army,
And let thy wife visit thy landladye three or four tymes
in a yeare, wyth spised cakes, and apples, pears, cherries, He (the Earl of Chatham, 7 April, 1778) was led into the under the leading of the Constable of France, which consisted of nine hundred men at arms, with as many light and such like.--Tyndall. Workes, p. 210.
house by his son and son in law Mr. W Pitt and Lord Vt.
Mahon, all the lords standing up out of spect, and making horse, eight hundred reysters, two and twenty ensigns of Yea, poll thyselfe and preuent other, and geue the baylife a lane for him to pass to the earl's bench. lancequenets, and sixteen ensigns of French footmen. or like officer now a capon, now a pigge, now a goose, and
Beisham. History of England, rol. vi, Id. Queen Mary, an. 1537. so to thy landlord likewise.- Id. 16. Receipts abound; but searching all thy store, For some men there be, that remoue other men's lande
Fr. Language; It. Lin. The best is still at hand, to launch the sore. markes.--Bible, 1551. Job, c. 24.
LA'NGUAGE, n. guaggio; Sp. Lengua, len-
LA'NGUAGELESS. guuda; Lat. Lingua, quasi While making fruitless moan, the shepherd stands,
Must landed bee.-Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 12. linga, from Ling-ere, to lick, cum lingua unicuin And when the launching knife requires his hands, Vain help, with idle pray’rs from heav'n demands.-Id. Ib. Defend all landings, bar all passages..
sit linctus instrumentum. Daniel. Civil Wars, b. vii.
That which the tongue They lightly set their lances in the rest,
utters, or speaks; And, at the sign, against each other press'd.
Now sir young Fortinbras,
speech, oral or written; applied to the general Id. The Flower and the Leaf. Of vnimproued mettle, hot and full,
character or style of speaking or writing; to the With that he drew a lancet in his rage, Hath in the skirts of Norway, heere and there,
people or nation speaking or writing. To puncture the still supplicating sage.
Shark'd vp a list of landlesse resolutes.
R. Gloucester, p. 69. In his pockets he had a paper of dried figs, a small bundle
Down from the neighbouring hills those plenteous springs of sugars, a case of lancets, squirt, and forceps and two old
And thei spaken the langagis and prophecieden. razors in a leathern envelope. -Observer, No. 88. Nor land-floods after rain, her never move at all.
Wiciif. Dedis, c. 19.
Druyton. Poly-Olbion, s. 9. LANCH, or
And al the worlde was of one töge & one language. See Lance. LAUNCH. Those same the shepheard told me, were the helds
Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. 11. To throw, to send forth, to In which dame Cynthia her landheards fed. cmit, to dart, to push forth, to push on, to rush
Spenser. Colin Clout's come home again.
To bere this arell was comaunded a clerke, well langaged forth; also, (as in Spenser,) to pierce as with a
to do such a besynesse.-Berners. Prois. Cron. vol. i. c. 243,
It is nothing strange that these his landloping legats and sance, or lancet. And see in v. Lance the quota- nuncios haue their manifold collusions to cousen christian
In which matter I have used greatly the help of one Swertions from Dryden. kingdoms of their reuenues.-Hulinshed. Hen. III. an. 1244.
der, a servant of my lord of Canterbury, a young man well
learned, and well languaged, of good soberness and discreAnd doun his hond he launcelh to the clifte, Were he as Furius, he would defy
tion.-Sir T Wyatl. To the King, 7 Jan. (1540.) In hope for to finden ther a gift.
Such pilfering slips of petty landlordry.
Bp. Hall, b. v. Sat. 1.
The only languag'd-men, of all the world!
B. Jonson. The Fox, Act ii. sc. 2, of the lake. And they lanched forth.
And courtiers prize the same.
A new dispute there lately rose
Warner. Albion's England, b. ix. c. 46.
Betwixt the Greeks and Latins, whose For, since my brest was launcht with lovely dart
Temples should be bound with glory of deare Sansfoy, I never ioyed howre.
Lad. To find out that, good shepherd, I suppose
In best languaging this story.--Lovelace. Lucasta, pt. i.
In such a scant allowance of star-light,
Our ancient English Saxons language is to be accompted
the Teutonicke tonge, and albeit we have in latter ages Whose little boat in some small river strays; Yet fondiy lanches in the swelling main,
mixed it with many borrowed words, especially out of the Soon, yet too late, repents his foolish plays. Some inventing colours, others shadowes and landskips,
Latin and French; yet remaineth the Teutonicke unto this P. Fletcher, The Purple Island, c. 6. and others rules of proportion.
day the ground of our speech, for no other 01f-spring haih Hakewill. Apologie, b. iii. c. 9. s. 3.
our language originally had then that.
Verstegan. Restit. of Decayed Intelligence, c.7, 1190