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They intend not your precise abstinence from any light
and labourless work.
And on her legs she painted busking wore,

Nolampe, included liquors, lachrymatories, or tear-bottles,
Basted with bends of gold on every side,

attended these rural urnes, either as sacred unto the Manes Brerewood. On the Sabbath, (1630.) p. 48. And mailes betweene, and laced close afore.

or passionate expressions of their surviving friends. The annual labour of every nation is the fund which

Spenser, Faerie Qucene, b. v. c. 5.

Browne. Urne-Burial, c. 3. originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveni- For striving more, the more in laces strong

It is of an exquisite sense, that, upon any touch the tears encies of life, which it annually consumes, and which con

Himselfe he tide, and wrapt his winges twaine, sists always either in the immediate produce of that labour,

might be squeezed from the lachrymal glands, to wash and In lymie snares the subtil loupes anong.

clean it.-Cheyne. Philosophical Principles. or in what is purchased with that produce from other na

Id. Muinpotmos. tions.--Smith. Wealth of Nations, vol. i. Introd. Cooke. And whom for mutton and kid ?

What a variety of shapes in the ancient urns, lamps, loThe number of useful and productive labourers, is every Child. A fine lac'd mutton.

chrymary vessels.--Addison. Italy. Rome. where in proportiou to the quantity of capital stock which is

B. Jonson. Neptune's Triumph. A Masque. The learned Mr. Wise, late Radclivian librarian, had a employed in setting them to work, and to the particular way He scratch'd the maid, he stole the cream,

glass lachrymatory, or rather a sepulchral aromatic phial, in which it is so employed.--Id. Ib.

He tore her best lac'd pinner.

dug up between Noke and Wood-Eaton. Prior. The Widow and her Cat.

Warton. History of Kiddington, p. 57. Why does the juice, which flows into the stomach, contain powers which make that bowel the great laboratory, as it is Mr. Nisby [is] of opinion that lac'd coffee is bad for the LACK, v.

Dut. Laecken, minuere, dimiby its situation the recipient, of the materials of future nu- head.---Spectator, No: 317.

LACK, n.

nuere, attenuare, extenuare, detrition ?-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 7.

He is forced every morning to drink his dish of coffee by LA'CKER. terere; deficere, deesse ;Those who have dragged their understanding laboriously itself, without the addition of the Spectator, that used to be

To lessen or diminish, to weaken, to fail or be along the tiresome circuit of ancient demonstration, may be better than lace to it.-Id, No. 488.

deficient, to be faulty; to want or be wanting. unwilling to grant that they have taken all these pains to no

Swift from her head she loosid, with eager huste, purpose.-Beddoes. On the Elements of Geometry, Ded. 11.

To diminish, consequentially, to degrade, to find The yellow curls in artful fillets lac d.

fault with, to blame.

Hoole. Jerusalem Delirered, b. xv. LABU'RNUM. See the quotation from

Shakespeare uses the compounds lack-beard, Plinie.

By mercers, lacemen, mantua-makers pressid,
But most for rendy cash for play distress’d,

-brain, -linen, -lustre, The cypresse, walnut, chesnut-trees, and the laburnum, Where can she turn?-Jenyns. The Modern Fine Lady.

Where is & shall be eternall cannot in any wise abide waters. This last named, is a tree

Joy, incomparable myrtly without heaviness, proper unto the Alpes, not commonly knowne: the wood LACERATE, v. Fr. Lacérer; It. Lace

Loue with charity and grace celestiall thereof is hard and white: it beareth a blossome of a cubite LACERATION. rare; Sp. Lacerar ; Lat.

Lasting interminable, lacking no goodness. long, but bees will not settle upon it.

LACERATIVE Lacerare, from the Gr. Aak-
Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 18,

R. Gloucester, p. 548. App.
LA'CERABLE. elv, which not only denotes

Fair scho was thei seiden, & gode withouten lnk. And pale laburnum's pendent flowers display

R. Brunne, p. 95. sonare, crepare, but also cum crepitu rumpi, Their different beauties.-Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 2. ut fit in iis, quæ lacerantur.

Ac ich wolle lacke no lyf. quath that lady sotthly.
Laburnum, rich
To rend or tear asunder; to sever_with the

Piers Piouhman, p. 18. In streaming gold.

Couper. Task, b. vi.
parts torn, (and not cut evenly.)

Hem lacked no vitaille that might hem plece.
LABYRINTH.? Fr. Labyrinthe ; It. and And if the heat breaks through the water with such fury,

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,498. LABYRINTHIAN. Sp. Labarinto; Lat. Laby- as to lacerate, and lift up great quantities or bubbles of

I trowe that if enuie I wis water, too heavy for the air to carry or buoy up, it causeth rinthus ; Gr. AaBupivdos; Locus viarum ambawhat we call boyling.

Knew the best man that is

On this side or beyond the see, gibus ad capiendum aptus, from naß-elv, to take,

Derham. Physico-Theology, 5. ii. c. 5. Note 2.

Yet somewhat lacken hem would she.-10. Rom. of the R. A place formed to take or hold, confine, or keep

They (nitrous and sulphurous exhalations] force ont theri within ; difficult to pass through or escape from ; way. not onely with the breaking of the cloud, but the

If I do that lakke,

Do stripen me and put me in a sakke, formed with many windings or turnings, or in- loceration of the air about it. tricate, involved, or perplexed ways or paths : as

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 5.

And in the nexte riuer do me drenche.

Id. The Marchantes Tale, v. 10,073. applied generally,-intricacy, perplexity.

If there be no fear of laceration, pull it out the same way it went in.- Wiseman. Surgery, b. v. c. 1.

For lacke of answere, none of us shul dien. Since wee have finished our obeliskes and pyramides, let

Id. Ib. v. 10,145. us enter also into the labyrynthes; which we may truly say, Some depend upon the intemperament of the part ulce. are the most monstrous works that ever were divised by the rated, others upon the continual afflux of lacerative humours.

What helpeth a man haue mete. hand of man.-Holland. Plinie, b. xiii. c. 13.

Harvey. On Consumption.

Where drinke lackethe on the borde.-Gower. Con. A. b.iv And like a wanton girl, oft doubting in her gate,

Since the lungs are obliged to a perpetual commerce with Lo thus to broke is Christe's folde, In labrinth-like turns, and twinings intricate.

the air, they must necessarily lie open to great damages, Wierof the flocke, without guide
Drayton. Poly Olbion, s. 22. because of their thin and lacerable cornposure.--Id. Ib. Deuour'd is on euery side,

In lacke of them, that be vnware
Mark, how the labyrinthian turns they take,
Hither the feble pair, by mutual aid,

Shepherdes.

Id. lb. Prol. The circles intricate, and mystic maze.

The warrior's laceraled corpse convey'd.
Young. Complaint, Night 9.

Lewis. Stalius. Thebais, b. xii. Thereat the feend his gnashing teeth did grate,

And griev'd, so long to lacke his greedie pray. LACE, v. Also, in old authors, written LACHE. ? Minshew derives from the Fr.

Spenser. Faerie Queené, b. ii. c. 7. Lace, n. | Las. Fr, Lacer, lacet, from the La'chesse. | Lascher, or Lasche, slacke, loose,

The lack of one may cause the wrack of all; Lat. Laqueus, (Skinner.) The Lat. Laqueus, and slow, remisse. (See Lash.) Skinner,-from Although the lackers were terrestrial gods, It. Laccio, as well as the Eng. Latch, and lace, | Lat. Laxus, Lache, in Chaucer, says Junius, is Yet will they ruling reel, or reeling fall.

Daries. Wit's Pilgrimage. are the past tense and past part. of the A.S. explained-sluggish, dull, heavie, lazie ; and he Lecc-an, lvc-gan, lacc-ean, prehendere, appre- suspects that lache was the original way of writing Frugal, where lack, supplies with what redounds, hendere, to catch, to hold, (Tooke.). lazie. (See Lazy.) The Dut. Laecken. Eng.

And here bestows what noxious there abounds.

Brooke, Universal Beauty, b. i. A lace,—any thing which catcheth or holdeth, Lacke, is deficere, deesse ; the noun Laecke, detieth, bindeth, or fasteneth ; applied to cords, or fectus; and lache may be the same word, ke But tho' each Court a jester lacks, strings, or threads, plain or interwoven of various softened into che ; meaning

To laugh at monarchs to their face,

(Yet) all mankind behind their backs materials; also to the substance formed by such A defect or failure, a want, (sc.) of strength, of

Supply the honest jester's place. interweaving activity, care, diligence: and thus, consequen

Dodsley. The Kings of Europe. Laced, as laced coffee, i. e. coffee inter-laced, tially, slackness or sluggishness; remissness, neg

LA'CKER, v. intermingled, or intermixed with some other ingre- ligence.

To lay on, to cover with dient.

LA'CKER, or

lacquer, or lacque, i. e. with a The lord of hus lacchese, and hus luther sleuthe,

LACK, n.
Nailing the speres, and helmes bokeling,
By nom hym al that he hadde.- Piers Plouhman, p. 141.

preparation of lac. It. Lacca. Guiding of sheldes, with lainers lacing.

See Lake, and the quotation from Dampier. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2506.

And if he be slowe, and astonyed, and lache, men shall! holde him lyke to an asse.---Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv.

The lack of Tonquin is a sort of gunimy juice, which Hire shoon were laced on hire legges hie.

drains out of the bodies or limbs of trees. The cabinets, Id, The Milleres Tale, v. 3268.

Then cometh lachesse, that is, he that whan he beginneth desks, or any sort of frames to be lockered, are made of fir, any good werk, anon he wol forlete and stint it.

or pine tree. The workhouses where the lacker is laid on, And therefore sith 1 know of love's peine,

Id. The Persones Tale.

are accounted very unwholesome. And wot how sore it can a man destreine, The first point of slouth I call

Dampier. Voyages, an. 1638, As he that oft has ben caught in his las,

Lachesne, and is the chief of all,
If you foryeve all holly this trespas.
And hath this properly of kinde,

What shook the stage, and made the people stare !
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 1888. To leuen all thyng behinde.-Gover. Con. A. b. iv.

Cato's long wig, flowr'd gown, and lacquer'd chair.

Pope. Imitation of Horace, Ep. 1. And shode he was with maistrie,

The law also determines that in the king can be no negliWith shoone decoped, and with lace.--Id. Rom, of the R. gence, or laches, and therefore no delay will bar his right.

Alum and lacque, and clouded tortoiseshell. But certes, loue, I say not in soch wise,

Dyer. The Fleece, b. iv.
Blackstone. Cummentaries, b. i. c. 7.
1
That for to scape out of your lace I ment.

In vases, flow'r pots, lamps, and sconces,
Id. The Complaint of Venus.

LACHRYMAL. Fr. Lachrymal; It. La- Intaglios, cameos, gems and bronzes,

LACHRYMARY. -grimal ; And plant my plaint within her brest,

Sp. Lacrymoso;

These eyes have read through many a crust
LA'CHRYMATORY.
Who doutlesse may restore againe

Lat. Lacrima ;

Of lacker, varnish, grease and dust. My harmes to helth, my ruth to rest, ua, & changed into l, a tear.

Cawthorn. The Antiquariana
That lased is within her chaine.
That can or may shed tears, that can or may

Or oblong buckle, on the lacker'd shoe,
Vncertaine Auctors. The Louer thinkes no paine, &c. weep.

With polish'd lustre, bending elegant
In shapely rim

Jago. Edge Hill, b.ili. 1186

Gr. Aaxpu

p. 219.

LACONICAL.

LACUNICISM. LacoviSM. LACONIZE, V.

You that were once so economic,
Quitting the thrifty style laconic,
Tum prodigal in makeronic.

LAD

LAD
LA'CKEY, v. Fr. Lacquay; It. Lacayo. ! After it hath been strained through those curious co-

To lay or put on, to impose, a weight or burden;
La'ckey, n. Junius (who proposes the verb landers, the lacteal veins, I might also observe its impregna-
tions from the glands and lymphæducts.

to put in, to take in, that which is to be borne or to lacke ; q. d. one who lacks, is poor or indigent,

Dernum. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 9. carried ;--the cargo. and therefore servile) interprets the Goth. Laik

I might next trace it through the several meanders of the And they laded their asses with the corne and departed an, saltare, exultare. Wachter,—the Ger. Læk-en, guts, the lacteals, and into the blood.- Id. Ib.

thence.-Bible, 1551. Gen. c. 42.
the same; and also currere, and lakei, curror.

This lactean whiteness ariseth from a great number of
Ihre,--the Sw. Lacka, currere, and Lack-ere, little stars constipated in that part of heaven, flying so

Pomegranets, lemons, citrons, so

Their laded branches bow,
cursor, a runner. Hence also the Eng. Leg; and swiftly from the sight of our cyes, that we can perceive Their leaves 11 Autoel that outgo
thence a lacquey, one who uses his legs, (a legger.) nothing but a confused light.- siocon. Astron. Cards, p. 13. Nor roomth wili them allow
A runner, a running follower or attendant, a

Drayton. I'ke Curription of Elysium.
Among pot-herbs are some laclescent plants, as lettice,
runner of errands, a footboy; generally, a follower endive, and dandelion, which contain a must wholesome But before they deuided themselues they agreed after the
of attendant.

juice, resolvent of the bile, anodyne and cooling, extremely lading of their goods at their seucrall ports to meet at Zante useful in all diseases of the liver.

Slow. Queene Elizabeth, an. 1585.
Tuese luther lackes he adde wyth hym al out.

Arbuthnot. On Aliments, Prop. 4.
R. Gloucester, p. 389.

H'is growne too much the story of men's mouths
Then they of Heynnaulte bought lyttle nagges to ryde at

And this lactescence, if I may so call it, does also commonly To scape his lading.
these ease, and they sent back) theyr lackeltes and pages.
ensue, when spirit of wine being impregnated with those

B. Jonson. The Divell is an Asse, Act i. sc. 6.
Berners. Froissari. Cronycle, c. 18.

parts of gums or other vegetable concretions, that are sup

posed to abound with sulphureous corpuscles, fair water is No toiling teams from harvest-lahvur come
To a prince of ours, a page of theirs they set,
suddenly poured upon the tincture or solution.

So late at night, so heavy laden home.
And a French lacquey to an English lord.

Boyle. Works, vol. i.

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3. Drayton. The Battle of Agincourt.

He makes the breasts to be nothing but glandules of that Some were made prize : while others burnt, and rent,
Harp

. To clear your doubts, he doth return in triumph, sort they call conglomeratæ, made up of an intinite number With their rich lading to the bottom went.
Žjags lackeyage by his triumphal chariot.
of little knots or kernels, each whereof hath its excretory

Waller. War with Spain, (1651.)
Massinger. The Virgin Martyr, Act i. sc. 1. vessel, or lactiferous duct.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. i.

I'll show thee where the softest cowslips spring
What cause could make him so dishonourable
To drive you so on foot, unfit to tread
LAD. 2 Junius derives from A.S. Læd-an,

And clust'ring nuts their laden branches bend.

Warton, Ecl.
And lackey by him, 'gainst all womanhead.

LA'DKIN. | ducere, to lead or guide ; because
Spenser, Faerie Qucene, b. vi. c. 2. children are led or educated to manly virtues.

If large the vessel, and her lading large,
So dear to Heaven is saintly chastity,

And if the seas prove faithful to their charge,
Skinner and Lye prefer A. S. Leode, people, (see
That when a soul is found sincerely so,

Great are your gains.-Cooke. Hesiod. Works & Days, b. ii. A thousand liveried angels lackey her.-Milton. Comus.

the quotation from Piers Plouhman); also, as the

latter asserts, signifying juvenis ; but leode means LADE, v.) A. S. Hlad-an, to draw out. Lord of the Seasons! They in courtly pomp

a companion, follower, or attendant, and may itself LA'DLE. SA.S. Hadle. Laqu thy presence, and with glad dispatch

Camden says that Pear at thy bidding, o'er the land and sea.

be from lud-an, to lead. Lad will thus mean- lade is a passage of water, and that aquaductus in Grainger. The Sugar Cane, b. iii.

One who, on account of his tender years, is the old Glossarie is translated water-lada. Hence LACONICK.

under a leader, guide, or director : a male child, it appears that hladan, to draw out, is merely a Fr. “ Laconizer, to live a boy ; generally, a youth; or one acting in the consequential usage of lad-an, to lead, guide, or

strictly or sparingly, to speak services usually performed by youth. See Lass. conduct; and that water-lada is a conduit for Laconically. briefly or pithily.” And Hol. And the more he hath and wynneth the world at hus

water; that by which water may be conducted or
land_To laconize, to imitate
wille

drawn ofl. The application is,-
the Lacedæmonians, either in
And lordeth in leedes the lasse good he needeth.

To dip (sc. some vessel or implement) into short and pithy speech or in

Piers Ploúnman, p. 187. bard life, (Plutarch, Explanation of T'erms.)

water or other liquid, and throw out the contents Be large ther of while hit laste to leedes that ben needy.

or quantity received.

Id, Ib.
There is a lad here, which hath fiue barly loues and two And lerede men a ladel bygge, with a long stele.
fishes; but what is that amog so many,

Piers Pivuhman, p. 380. Derian. A Dialogue between Sir J. Pooley & Mr. Killegrew.

Bible, 1551. John, c. 6.

Alas that he ne had hold him by his ladel!
At Gaunt we fell upon a Cappucine novice, which wept
Then the babes be plukt from their mothers' bosoms) and

Chaucer. The Manciples Prologue, v. 17,000. heps, because he was not allowed to be miserable. His

laddes but of their fathers handes to be slayne.
bead bai now felt the razor, his back the rod : all that
Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, Epist. Ded. Some stirr'd the molten cwre with ladles great.

Spenser. Facrie Queene, b. ii. c. 7.
The russling northern lads, and stout Welshmen try'd it.
Bp. Hall, Dec. 1. Ep. 5.

Draylon. Poiy-Olbion, s. 22. Like one that stands vpon a promontorie,
Alexander Nequam, a man of great learning born at Saint

Tharrhon that young ladkin hight

And spyes a farre-off shore, where he would tread,
He prayed his aged sire.-Mure. On the Soul, pt. iii. s. 31.

Wishing his foot were equall with his eye,

And chides the sea, that sunders him from thence
Young Colin Clout, a lad of peerless pieed,

Saying hee'le lade it dry to haue his way.
Camden, Remaines. Allusions.
Full well could dance, and deltay tune the reed;

Shakespeare. 3 Pt. Hen. VI. Act ii.
In every woud his carols sweet were known,
At every wake his nimble feats were shown.

“Oh! may your altars ever blaze!
Gay. The Shepherd's Week. Tuesday. A ladle for our silver-dish

18 what I want, is what I wish." LADDER. A.S. Hladre; Dut. Ladder; Ger. A ladie!" cries the man, “a ladle! Brown. Christ. Mor. i. 25. Leiter ; from A.S. Lad-an; Dut. Le d-en; Ger. home grow laconic even beyond Vaconicisme, for some Leiten; to lead ;q. d. Ductor, scala etiam ad Beton only yes or no, in questionary or petitionary altiora loca ducimur, (Skinner:) quod scanden

Odzooks, Corisca, you have pray'd ill.”—Prior. The Ladie.

LA'DY. Tooke has written more elatem ducunt et dirigant, (Kilian.) Wachter resorts

LADIED. borately than usual upon the

LA'DYFY, 2. name is given to- german

La'dily. it to the A. S. Hlaf, the past

He supposes hlas, A machine formed of steps, supported at each part. of Wif.ian, to raise. end by upright side-pieces.

first, by receiving the common participial terThe kyng by an laddere to the ssyp clam an hey.

mination, ed, to become hlaf-ed, then by con. R. Gloucester, p. 333.

traction hlajd, and further by the addition of off;—guna, (lac,) says Len-' the walies of his hous, and hy the windowes ben entred, and Foure of his old foos han it espied, and setten ladders to

the common adjective termination ig, hlafd-ig,

or by omitting the initial h, laf, la fed," lafd, beten his wifi-Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus.

lafd-ig, the ig being as usual softened to y. By from its bright whiteness, and they sodainly with great force and outcry assayed to scale | the mere suppression of the f, lafil-y becomes solete primitive) ya-w, ab ex. climing vuer the heads of their fellowes vpon a target fence. to the rank of ber husband or lord, (see Lord.)

Sarile. Tacilus. Historie, p. 150.

Serenius finds the word written lafd-a in Goth.
But after they were come to Syria, men named them and Dr. Jamieson lafd-e in Icelandic; and as in
or making to lie along, and to make their backs stepping stools or lud-
Climacides, as one would say lacideresses, for that they used

R. Gloucester, it is written leuedy. See Jamie-
ders, as it were for queens and great men's wives to get
upon, when they would mount into their coaches.

Holland. Piutarch, p. 71.

That heo comen alle to London the hey men of this londe,

And the ieuedys al so god, to ys noble fest wyde.
If the barren sound

R. Gloucester, p. 156.
Of pride delights thee, to the topmost round
Or fortune's ladder got, despise not one,

For mony was the faire ledy, that y come was therto.
For want of smooth hypocrisy undone.

Id. Ib
Churchill. Sermons, Ded.

The eldre man to the chosun ladi and to hir children.
LADE, v. }
A. S. Lad-an; Dut. Laden ;

Wiclif. 2 Jon, c. 1
LA'Ding, n. ) Ger. Laden; Sw. Ladda. See

The elder to the electe ladye and hir children.
To Load.

1187

itsnical discipline pleased him well.

18. and desirous to enter into religion there, after hee and sigrated his desire, wrote to the abbot laconically.

The hand of providence writes often by abbreviatures, be picks or shon characters, which, like the laconism She wall Dan iii. 25) are not to be made out but by a de og key from that Spirit which indited them.

De so half a yard long.- Pope. To Swifi, Aug. 17, 1736.

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en therefore, when a certain Athenian laughed to the Celtie) Klettern, to mount or climb. The

* them with ease upon the stage, answered in Arc nay, And yet we can reach our enemies' hearts .-Langhorne. Pluiarch, vol. i. Lycurgus.

Lat. Lac, απο του γαλακτος, the first syllable being cut

LACTAGE.

V

LATARY.
LA TEAN.

AL TEAL, adj. nep, appears to have its name

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plicandi notione translatum ad

eam nitendi,splendendi; transTo form the notion of explaining

and clear, to that of brightening, of shining. olmiky, bearing or producing milk, or Prambling milk. urt that the offering of Abel, who sacrificed of

tas only wool, the fruits of his shearing; and rather cream, a part of his lactoge.

Shuckford. On the Creation, vol. i. p. 79. werk it no easie probleme to resolve) why also from "f plants which have a white and lacteous

Some through every part, there arise flowers blew 558.--Broka. Vulgar Errours, b. vi. c. 10.

son, in v. Laird,

Bible, 1551. 16.

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Such sorrow this lady to her tooke,
That truly I that made this booke,
Whether you prove a lagger in the race,

recipients of liquid substances. Lake, in Wielif, Had such pitie and such routh

Or with a vigorous ardour urge your pace,
To rede her sorrow, that by my trouth
I shall maintain my usual rate : no more.

is in the common version wine-press. The usual I farde the worse all the morrow

Francis. Horace, Ep. 2. T. Lollius. application is to-
After, to thinken on her sorrow. Chaucer, Dreame.
Superfluous lags the vet'ran on the stage,

A large expanse of water within land, or having
Till pitying nature signs the last release,

no immediate connexion with the sea. And whan she goth to here masse

And bids afflicted worth retire to peace. That time shall nought ouerpasse,

And the lake (lacus) was trodun withoute the citee, and Johnson. Vanity of Human Wishes.

the blood went out of the lake til to the bridelis of horsis bi That I ne approche hir ladihede.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv. Now sonne tell me then so, LAPINER, Fr. straps or thongs, (Tyrwhitt.) furlongis a thousynde and sixe hundride.

Wiclif. Apocalips, c. 14. What hast thou done of besiship

Skinner writes it lamers, thongs; and suggests the
To loue, and to the ladiship
Lat. Laminæ.

And sprincles eke the water counterfet,

Like unto blacke Auernus lake in bell.
Of hir, whiche thy ladie is?

Id. Ib.
Nailing the speres, and helmes bokeling,

Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.
A lovely ladie rode him faire beside,
Guiding of sheldes, with lainers lacing.

So stretcht out huge in length the arch-fiend lay Upon a lowly ass more white than snow;

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2507.

Chain'd on the burning lake.- Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i. Yet she much whiter ; but the same did hide Under a vele, that wimpled was full low.

LAIR, or Skinner writes it leer, - clearly Our spacious lakes; thee, Larius, first; and next

Lare.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. I.
enough, he says, from Ger. Læger, Bonacus, with tempest'ous billows vext.

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 2. cubile, and this from liegen, to lay. It is immeTo be plain argues honesty ; but to be pleasing argues diately from lay, or lai, layer or lair.

I started up, and looking out, observed by the light of the discretion. Sores are not to be anguisht with a rustick

moon the lake (Desensanoj in the most dreadful agitation, pressure, but gently stroak'd with a ladied hand. 1. The place where any one (deer or other animal) and the waves dashing against the walls of the inn, and

Feltham,

i. Res. 8. lays or is laid. Applied to the land or pasture in resembling the swellings of the ocean, more than the petty More did I feare, than euer in

which they lie. In Hardyng's Chronicle (quoted agitation of inland waters.-Eustace. Italy, vol. i. c. 5. Your ladiship I found,

by Dr. Jamieson) the place where Arthur was Disdainefull lookes from those faire eyes

LA'KENS. The diminutive of our lady, i. e. laid in burial. That me with loue did wound.

ladykin, (Steevens.) Warner. Albion's England, b. xi. c. 64. The mynster church, this day of great repayre

By our lakens brother husband (qh. she,) but as properlye Of Glastenbury, where now he has his leyre. And now and then among, of eglantine a spray,

Harding. Chronicle, p. 77.

as ye was preached, yet woulde I rather abyde the perill of By which again a course of lady-smocks they lay.

breding wormes in my bely by eating of fleshe without Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 15. More hard for hungrey steed t'abstaine from pleasant lare. breadde, then to eate with my meate the breadde that I wist

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8. well wer poysoned.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 849.
He made a knight,
And your sweet mistress-ship ladufied, you wore

Instead of his Æmylia faire

Gon. By'r laken, I can go no further, sir,
Satin on solemn days, a chain of gold,
This gvant's sonne that lies there on the laire

My old bones akes.-Shakespeare. Tempest, Act iii. sc. 3. A velvet hood, rich borders, &c.

A headlesse heap, hin unawares there caught.-Id. Ib.
Massinger. The City Madam, Act iv. sc. 4.

LAMB, v. Goth. A. S. Dut. Ger. and
Haue the winters been so set,
To raine and snowe, they have wet

LAMB, n.
The soldier here his wasted store supplies,

Swed. Lamb, agnus. The origin
All his driest laire.
And takes new valour from his ladie's eyes.

LA'MBKIN. of the word, says Junius, im-
By which means his sheep have got
Waller. Instructions to a Painter.

probably enough, is to be sought, prefixo l, from Such a deadly curelesse rot

This etymoThis lady-fly I take from off the grass,

That none living are.-Browne. Shepheard's Pipe, Ec.. 3. the initial letters of the Gr. Auvos. Whose spotted back might scarlet red surpass,

Out of the ground uprose

logy, says Wachter, Stiernhiem despises, but Fly, lady-bird, North, South, or East, or West,

As from his laire the wilde beast where he wonns suggests no other. Ihre remarks,- Apud ArmoFly where the man is found that I love best. In forrest wilde, in thicket, brake or den.

ricos lamma notat saltare, which does not ill suit Gay. The Shepherd's Week. Thursday.

Milton, Paradise Lost, b. vii. this kind of animal. Minshew,-from lamb-ere, to Such as your titled folks would choose

Where nature shall provide

lick. It is applied toAnd lords and ladyships might use,

Green grass and fat'ning clover for their fare ! Which style whoever would succeed in,

The young offspring of the sheep; (met.) to And mossy caverns for their noontide lare: Must have small wit and much good breeding.

With rocks above to shield the sharp nocturnal air. any one having the meekness, innocence of a
Lloyd. To G. Colman, Esq. 1761.

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3. lamb.
LAG, v. Skinner thinks lag is quasi lang,
But the sea-fowl is gone to her nest,

Non lyckore ys brother hym nas, than an wolf ys a lombe.
The beast is laid down in his lair ;

R. Gloucester, p. 280. LAG, N. (the n omitted,) from the A. S.

Even here is a season of rest Lag, adj. Læng, long; as we say, he stayes And I to my cabin repair.

And gaf the kyngdome to hus knave. that kept sheep & lambren.

Piers Plouhman, p. 59.
LAGGARD. long, hee's long a comming. Min- Couper. Verses, supposed to be written by A. Selkirk.
LAGER, shew derives from log, truncus,

Go ye lo Y sende you: as lambren among woluys.
LAIT, n. Perhaps from the A. S. Lat-an,

Wiclif. Luke, c. 10. and it is not improbable that it may have the æstimare, reputare, judicare. Skinner prefers the same origin, viz. the Goth. Lag-yan, A. S. Lecg- Fr. Laicter, lactare.

Go your wayes : beholde, I sende you forthe ag lambes

among wolues.--Bible, 1551. Ib.
an, to lay or lie; and, consequentially, to remain
at rest, inactive, sluggish.
Incessantly busie her prey for to gete,

So 'twixt them both they not a lambkin left ;
To bring to the lure whom she doth lait.
To move slowly or sluggishly, to tarry or remain

And, when the lambs fail'd, the old sheepes lives they reft.
Chaucer. The Remedie of Loue.

Spenser. Mother Hubberd's Tale. behind, to come or follow slowly after; to come in

LAITY. See LAY. late or latterly, at the latter end, after others.

I finde those that commend use of apples, in splenaticke LAKE. Tyrwhitt remarks, it is difficult to and this kinde of melancholy (lambs-wool some call it) For a gunstone I say had all to lagged his cap.

which howsoever approved must certainely be corrected of Skelton. The Crowne of Laurell. say what sort of cloth is meant. Laecken, Belg. cold rawnesse and winde.

signifies both linen and woollen cloth, (Kilian.) When with the luggage such as lagg‘d behind,

Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 395. And that were set the carriages to keep, Fine cloth and lawn (says Skinner.) Somner has

In the warm folds their tender lambkins lie
'Gainst God and Moses grievously repin'd,
lach, chlamys, a kind of garment.

Apart from kids, that call with human cry,
Wanting a little sustenance and sleep.
He didde next his white lere

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xiii.
Drayton, Moses his Birth and Miracles, b. iii.
Of cloth of lake fin and clere.

Er'n while I sing,
O gods, the senators of Athens, together with the common

Chaucer. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,787. Yon wanton lamb has crop't the woodbine's pride, legge of people, what is amisse in them, you gods, make suteable for destruction.

LAKE. Fr. Lacque; It. and Low Lat. Lacca.

That bent beneath a full-blown load of sweets,

And fill'd the air with perfume.
Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act iii. sc. 6. (See Menage and Martinius.) A word, says the

Mason. The English Garden, b. ii.
There, I take it,

former, of Arabic origin. (And see the quotation Nor dread we more the rigour of the year, They may cum priuilegio, wee (wear] away

from Boyle.) Fr. “ Lacque, sanguine; rosie or Than the fell wolf the fearful lambkins dreads The lag end of their lewdnesse, and be laughed at. rubie colour. The true lacca is an Armenian gum,

When he the helpless fold by night invades,
Id. Hen. VÕII. Act i. sc. 3. used in the dyeing of crimsons, and afterwards

Beattie, Virgil, Past. 7. Some tardie cripple bare and countermand, (grown artificial) employed by painters,” (Cot- LAMBENT.

Lat. That came too lagge to see him buried.

Lambens, present Id. Rich. III. Act ii. sc. 1. grave.) And see LACKER.

La'MBATIVE, adj. part. of lambere, to lick. Yet not content, more to encrease his shame,

Architecture, who no less

LA'MBATIVE, N.

Lambere, from the Gr. AantWhenso she lagged, as she needs mote so, A goddess is, than painted cloth, deal board,

EIV, which means (Vossius) to lick or lap, or to He with his speare (that was to him great blame)

Vermilion, lake, or crimson can afford
Would thumpe her forward and inforce to goe.
Expression for.-B. Jonson. Expostulat. wilh Inigo Jones. formed from the sound.

drink by licking or lapping, and itself seems to be Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 2. I met the other day, Pyrophilus in an Italian book, that To this, Idomeneus: "The fields of fight treats of other matters, with a way of preparing what the

Licking, touching lightly-as with the tongue; Have prov'd thy valour, and unconquer'd might;

author calls a lacca of vegetables, by which the Italians moving about or around, as if licking, or touching And were some ambush for the foes design'd,

mean a kind of extract fit for painting, like that rich lacca lightly. Ev'n there, thy courage would not lag behind.

in English, commonly called lake, which is employed by Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xiii. painters as a glorious red.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 782.

The star that did my being frame

Was but a lambent flame,
Decrepit winter, laggard in the dance,
LAKE. Fr. Lac; It. and Sp. Lago; Lat.

Cowley. Destiny
(Like feeble age oppress'd with pain)
A heavy season does maintain,
Lacus, which Vossius thinks may be from the Gr.

Sudden a circling flame was seen to spread

With beams refulgent round lulus' head;
With driving snows, and winds, and rain.
Manis, hiatus terræ; and that it means, terra fissa

Then on his locks the lambent glory preys,
Hughes. Ode to the Creator of the World. recipiens aquam; and hence applied to other

And harmless fires around his temples blaze.

Pitt. Virgil. Encid, b. ii. 1188

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Of our design.

32-Id. Of the Pope's Supremacy.

LAM

LAN
Upes the mantie-tree, for I am a pretty curious observer, Thou knowest the teares of my lamentacyon

Here did she pause, and with a mild aspect stood a pot of lambative electuary, with a stick of liquorish. Cannot expresse my hartes inward restrayntes.

Did towards me those lamping turns direct.
Tatler, No. 266.
Wyali, Psalm 38.

Drummond, s. 16
T then put him into bed, and let him blood in the arm,

Thammus came next behind,

Oh sacred fyre, that burnest mightily

In liuing brests, ykindled first above
atrising a laabatire of album, &c.
Whose annual wound in Lebanon allura

Emongst th' eternal spheres and lamping sky.
Wiseman. Surgery, b. V. c. 5. The Syrian damsels to lament his fate

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 3.
To stroke his azure neck, or to receive

In amorous dittyes all a summer's day.
Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i.

That love, sir,
The lendent homage of his arrowy tongue.

Which is the price of virtue, dwells not here,
Cowper. The Task, b. vi.
Eve, who unseen

Your ladies eyes are lampless to that virtue.
Yet all had heard, with audible iament

Beaum. & Fletch. The Mad Lover, Act ii. sc. 1,
LAME, v.

A. S. Lam; Dut. Lam, laem; Discover'd soon the place of her retire.--Id. Ib. b. xi.
LAME, adj.
Ger. Lam; Sw.

Lam ;
Dut.

For his sake then renew your drooping spirits,
LA'MELY.

Small griefs are soon wept out; but great ones come
Lamen ; Ger. Læmen, debilitare,

Fecd with new oil the wasting lamp of life,
With bulk, and strike the straight lamenters dumb.

That winks and trembles, now, just now expiring.
LA'MENESS. to weaken.

Brome. On the Death of his Schoolmaster.

Smith. Phædra & Hippolitus, Act i. sc. 1.
LA MISHI. To weaken or debilitate, to
Her teme at her commaundment quiet stands,

We can spare want, to injure, or deprive of, the natural power Whiles they the corse into her wagon reare,

The splendour of your lamps; they but eclipse er strength; to maim, to cripple. And strowe with flowres the lamentable beare.

Our softer satellite.

Couper. Task, b. i.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 4.
And a man that was lame fro the wombe of his modir was

Various and violent have been the controversies, whether berez, and was leid ech dai at the ghate of the temple. A hundred and twentie temporall men with diuers préests

our author here intended to celebrate a lamp lighter, or a Wiclis. Dedis, c. 3. and many women were drowned and lamentablie perished.

link-boy.-P. Whitehead. The Gymnasiad, b. ii. Note. The golde hath made his wittes lame.

Holinshed. Edw. III. an. 1339.
Gower. Con. A. b. v.

But among the Britains there was nothing else heard but LAMPO'ON, v. Cotgrave has lamponnier,
I set aside to tell the restlesse toyle,

mourning and lamentation, both of men and women that LAMPO'on, n. a fond or idle companion, The mangled corps, the lamed limbes at last.

were mingled togither.--Id. Hist. of England, b iv. c. 18. LAMPO'ONER. probably from the old Fr. Gascoigne. The Fruites of Warre. A. I cannot help it now,

Admit they were, it would not be uncharitable to part Lamper, potare, to drink, (Lacombe ;) and from To ease by vsing means I lame the foote

them; yet sometimes they are not both actors, but the one the ribaldry, slander, and satire in which drinking

of them most lamentedly passive.--Milton. Colasterion.
Shakespeare. Coriolanus, Act iv. sc. 7.

companions indulge themselves, the word may
And thence,
Disconsolate he wanders on the coast,

have derived its application to-
That before pleas'd them all takes but one sense,
Sighs for his Country, and laments again

Satire or abuse of persons, their peculiarities
And that so lamely, as it leaves behind
To the deaf rocks and hoarse resounding main.

or failings. A kind of sorrowing dulnes to the mind.

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xiii.

“ Mr. Bettesworth," answered he, “I was in my youth Donne. Faretcell to Love. But now, ah dismal change! the tuneful throng

acquainted with great lawyers, who, knowing my disposiBarck feels no lameness of his knotty gout, To loud lamentings turn the cheerful song.

tion to satire, advised me, that if any scoundrel or blockhead Els poneges travaile for him in and out.

Congreve. Death of the late Marquis of Blandford.

whom I had lampooned should ask, 'Are you the author of
Ben. Jonson. On Bank the Usurer.
[It was) but an universal (infinitely rich and abundant) this paper ?' I should tell him that I was not the author ;

and therefore I tell you, Mr. Bettesworth, that I am not the
A vender foot will be galled and lamed, if you set it going goodness, mercy and pity toward this eminent part of his
poned paths: a weak head will turn, if you place it
creation, sunk into distress and lamentable wretchedness,

author of those lines."- Johnson. Life of Swift.
i, a upon the brink of a precipice.
which induced God to send his son for the redemption of

Like her, who miss'd her name in a lampoon,
Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 3.
mankind.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 39.

And griev'd to find herself decay'd so soon.
Yetting of worth or weight can be atchieved with half a
One clad in purple, not to lose his time,

Dryden. Essay upon Satire.
ed, with a faint heart, with a lame endeavour.
Eats and recites some lamentable rhyme.

Lampooners and criticks rush'd in like a tide,
Id. Ib. Ser. 18.

Dryden. Persius, Sat. 1.

Stern Dennis and Gildon came first side by side.
F: Petercould but very lamely have executed such an
When the long-sounding curfew from afar

Buckinghamshire. Election of a Poet Laureat.
Loaded with loud lament the lonely gale,
Thaagt some part of them (its imperfections) are covered
Young Edwin, lighted by the evening star,

It cannot be supposed that the same man, who lampooned
Verse (as Ericthonius rode always in a chariot to

Lingering and list'ning, wander'd down the vale. Plato, would spare Pythagoras.- Observer, No. 142. te is lasteness,) such of them as cannot be concealed

Beattie. The Minstrel, b. i.

Libanius must have possessed a consummate impudence, * please to connive at, though, in the strictness of

Starting, he forsakes

who could address to a Christian emperor a mere panegyric
Tulgent, you cannot pardon.
A thorny pillow; rushes on the deck

on Paganism, and a lampoon on Christianity; for such is
Dryden. Virgil. Æneis, Ded.
With lamentations to the midnight moon.

his oration.-Jorlin. On the Christian Religion, Dis. 6. Ee c'd by a false step, sprain a vein in the inside of his

Glover. The Alhenaid, b.i. which ever after occasioned him to go lamish,

LAMPREY. Fr. Lamproye; it. Lampreda ;
Wood. Athene Ogon, vol. ii. James Shirley. Ger. Lahmen, Dut. Lamen, to lame; and interprets
LAMM. Skinner says,- perhaps from the Sp. Lamprea; Lat. Lampetra ; a petrâ dicta,

nempe a lambendis petris.
so, pa the favour'd gang.-Grainger. Sugar Cane, b. iii.
it,-cædere, ictibus permolere. See SLAM.

And tho he com hom, he wyllede of an lampreye to ete.
To beat, to bruise with blows.

R. Gloucester, p. 422.
Lat. Lamella, diminutive
And lamb'd ye shall be e're we leave ye.

By all the saintes that we prey,
of lamina, a thin plate.
Beaum. & Fletch. The Beggar's Bush, Act iii. sc. 3.

But they defend them with lamprey, &c.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose. Consisting of thin plates, LAMMAS. A.S. Hlaf-masse. The calends After the tale of the boy that would fayne haue eaten of or first day of August ; (q.d.) loaf-mass, perhaps the pastie of lamprese, but durst not

ynto the belles sang

vnto him,-Sit down Jacke and eate of the lampreye.
aply beautiful, when viewed through a micro-
because on that day an offering was made of bread

Tyndall. Workes, p. 388.
made of new corn; the first fruits of harvest.
See Somner and Skinner, and Hammond's Works,

There were found in Cæsar's fish-ponds, lampreyes to have

liued threescore years.-Bacon. Hist. of Life & Death, $ 11.
vol. i. p. 660.
And to the lammasse afterward he spousede the quene.

LANCE, or Fr. Lancer, lance; It. Lanciare,

R. Gloucester, p. 317. LAUNCE, v. lancia; Sp. Lanzar, lanza ; Dut.
The fift day it was after Lammasse-lide.

LANCE, n. Lancie, lansse ; Ger. Lanze; Sw.

R. Brunne, p. 221. LA'NCELY. ' Lants; Lat. Lancea. The ety-
How long is it now to Lammas-tide ?

LA'NCER. mologists have written much
Shakespeare. Romeo & Juliet, Act i. sc. 3. LA'NCET. about this word, and agree in
Fr. Lamenter ; It. Lamen-

Nurse. Euen or odde, of all daies in the yeare come Lam- ascribing it to a Celtic origin. (See Vossius, de
tare; Sp. Lamenta ; Lat. La-
mas Eue at night shall she be fourteene.

Id. Ib.

Vitiis, b. i. c. 3, his Etymologicon in v.-Menage,
mentari; perhaps from the

LAMP, n.
Gr. laneuos, carmen lugubre.

Fr. Lampe; It. Lampa, lam- Wachter, and Ihre.) Wachter and Lye think the
Lamped.

root preserved in the Armoric Lança, jaculari,
i

A lance will thus
LA'MPING, adj.
to declare or make known
LA'MPLESS.

signify, generally, any thing thrown; and lance,
, to shine.
A light; any thing possessing or communicating the verb, or lanch, (qv.)

To throw; and (from the form and purpose of
light,-(lit. or met.)

a lance) consequentially, to pierce or penetrate; Hit is as lewede as a lampe, that no lyght ys ynne. to cut with a lancer or lancet, or small lance, or

Piers Plouhman, p. 22.

sharp-pointed instrument.
But the five foolis token her lampis, and token not oile Lance, in ba-lunce, and used uncompounded by
with hem.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 25.

Spenser, may be the same word, applied conse-
And wel ycovered with a lampe of glas?

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,167. quentially; poise, equipoise.
A cheerliness did with her hopes arise

In ys rygt hond ys lance he nom, that ycluped was Ron.

R. Gloucester, p. 174
That lamped clearer than it did before,
And made her spirit and his affections more.

With a herde thei mette, a herte therof gan lance.

R. Brunne, p. 94
Daniel. Civil Pars, b. viii.
1189

Im lameness from its leafy pallet crawls,

;

LAMELLAR.
LA VELLATED.
LAMINATED.
a or scales.

The smo?'cted antennæ of some, the clavellated of others,

2.- Verkam. Physico-Theology, b. viii. c. 4. Note 3.
esk an ounce of that (refined silver and having la-

we cast it upon twice its weight of beaten subli. 2-Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 81.

To parcels of gold, the one common gold thinly *t, and the other very well refined.-Id, Ib. p. 82.

Es marl is-sometimes of a compact, sometimes Sinar texture.--Kirwan. On Manures.

LAMENT, . AMENT, n. AMENTABLE.

VENTABLY LA VINTATION

WESTEDLY. ANESTEE AMENTING, T.

To feel grief or sorrow, to bewail, to deplore, to bemoan ;

pada; Lama Lamparama

, Laune S lampas e G. Aautas

, from sibraire

, to throw to brandish.

grief or sorrow. Vse it selfe is inly lamentable.

Chaucer. The Assembly of Ladies. mith pitous lamentation label up, singing his song alway.

Id. The Prioresses Tale, v. 13,551. By Terelre I say unto you: ye shall wepe and la. tin the worlde shall reioyce.- Bible, 1551. Jon, c. 16.

me and fayth made her importunate-she foloweth re, and eryeth lamentably: Haue mercy vpon me

-dal. Mather, c. 15.

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Spectator, No. 414.

& scharp lance that thrilled Jhesu side.--R.Brunne, p. 30. They cried to haue the sailes hoisted vp, and signe giuen! In like sort halfe a mile beyond this into the landward Plomes and cherries

to lanch foorth, that they might passe forward on their iour. goeth another longer creeke.
That lyghtliche launceth up litel wile dureth.
nie.--Holinshed. History of England, vol. i. b. iv. c. 24.

Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, .. 12.
Piers Plouhman, p. 213.
In divers enquiries about providence, to which our cu-

Heere we consum'd a day; and the third morne
A blind knight-men called Longias,
riosity will stretch itself, it is impossible for us to be resolved,

To Daiutry with a laud-wind were wee borne. With speare aproched vnto my souerain, and laurering into them we shall soon get out of our depih,

Corbet. Iler Boreale. Launsing his side full pitously alas. Chaucer. The Lamentation of Mary Magdalen.

so as to swim in dissatisfaction, or to sink into distrust. Thus royal sir, to see you landed here,

Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 23.

Was cause enough of triumph for a year. And yet I hope par ma fay,

Dryden. To his Majesty. He chose Menætes from among the rest ; That thou shalt with this launce gay Abien it ful soure.

At him he launch'd his spear, and pierc'd his breast. A tax laid upon land seems hard to the land-holder, beId. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,691.

Dryden. Ovid. Melam. b. xii. cause it is so much money going visibly out of his pocket: We cut our cable, launch into the world,

and therefore as an ease to himself, the landholder is always With many a firie launce He woundeth ofte, where he woll not hele. And foudly dream each wind and star our friend.

forward to lay it upon commodities.

Lucke. On the Lowering of Interest.
Young. The Complaint, Night 8.
Gower. Con. A. b. viii.

A good conscience is a port which is land-locked on every And as he put forth his honde

LAND, v.

Goth. A.S. Ger. Dut, and side, and where no winds can possibly invade, no tempests Upon my body, where I laie, Me thought a firie launcegnie,

LAND, n. ( Sw. Land: of unknown ety

can arise.-Dryden. Virgil. Geor. Pref. Which whilom through my hert he cast.

LANDING, n. mology. (See Wachter and Ihre.) Divines but peep on undiscover'd worlds,
He pulleth oute.

Id. Ib.
LA'NDLESS.

And draw the distant landskape as they please.
May it not be formed of (Goth.

Id. Don Sebastian, Act ii sc. L And with that word, with all his force a dart

Lagy,) Lay-en-ed, Lan-ed, Land ? He launced then into that croked wombe.

The prettiest landscape I ever saw, was one drawn on the As a substance, it is opposed to water.

walls of a dark room, which stood opposite on one side to a Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii.

It is also applied to the inhabitants of the land, navigable river, and on the other side to a park The surgen launcelh and cutteth out the dead flesh. of the country, or region.

Tyndall. Workes, p. 119.

It is not unfrequent in composition ; and some As soon as the land of any country has all become private The cut wherof like a lytle launsing knife may let out the instances from our elder writers are given.

property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap foule corrupcion of the soule.--Sir T. More. Workes; p.1391.

Landlady and landlord are applied to the mistress natural produce.–Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. 6.

where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its He carried his lances, which were strong, to give a lancely and master of the house, more especially of a blow.-Sidney. Arcadia.

Religion's harbour, like th' Etrurian bay public one.

Secure froin storms, is land-lock'd ev'ry way. And they cried lowd, and cut themselues, as their maner Landskip,— Dut. Landschap ; A. S. Landscipe,

· Harte Thomas à Kempis. W88, we knyues and launcers.-Bible, 1551. 3 Kings, c. 18. a country, a region, a quarter, a coast; whence

Nothing can be better fancied than to make this enormous Whole hosts of sorrows her sick heart assail,

our land-skip, q.d. land-shape,” (Somner.) See son of Neptune use the sea for his looking-glass; but is When ev'ry letter ianc'd her like a dart. the quotation from Dryden.

Virgil so happy when his little landsman says, Non sum adeo Drayton, The Barons' Wars, b. vi.

informis ?-Fawkes. Theocriius, Idy. 6. Note 45.
Towards them did pace

Engelonå ys a wel god lond, ich wene of eche lond best,
An armed knight, of bold and bounteous grace,
Y set in the ende of the world, as al in the West.

LANE. Dut. Laen ; and Lye says, the A.S. Whose squire bore after him an heben launce

R. Gloucester, p. 1. ' have Lana. It may be Illane, lane, thin, and, And cover'd shield.-Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. S. In the se sailand he lendes toward Lumbardie.

therefore, narrow. Need teacheth her this lesson hard and rare,

R. Brunne, p. 186.

A narrow way or passage_between houses or That fortune all in equall launce, doth sway,

& the kyng Cadwaladre this lond had alle torn.-Id. p. 1. hedges, or any lateral continement. And mortal miseries doth make her play. Id. Ib. b. iii. c. 7. Al the puple was aboute the see on the lond.

"In the subarbes of a town," quod he,

Wiclif. Mark, c. 4. "Lurking in hernes and in lanes behind.'
Each launceer well his weightie launce did wield,
Each drew his sword and well addrest his shield.
With which landing tho I woke.-Chaucer. Dreame.

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Prologue, v. 16,124.
Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 822.
The monthe vnto this signe ordeigned

It is becomme a turnagaine laine ynto them, which they These carried a kind of lance de gay, sharp at both ends, Is Februar, whiche is bereigned

cannot goe through.--Tyndall. Workes, p. 388. which they held in the midst of the staff. And with landfides in his rage

The trees and bushes growing by the streets' sides, doo Raleigh. Hist. of the World, b. v. c. 3. At fordes letteth the passage.

Gouer. Con, A. b. vii.

not a little keepe off the force of the sunne in summer for Although at one time there came an army of eighteen And God sayde: let ye waters that are vnder heaven

drieng vp the lanes.- Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, c. 19. thousand foot, at another time an army wherein were gather themselues vnto one place that the drye land may Forth issuing from steep lanes, the colliers' steeds reckoned twelve thousand launce-knights. appere.--Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. I.

Drag the black load; another cart succeeds.
Baker. Hen. VIII. an. 1546.

Gay. Triria, b. iii. To the rescue whereof, the French king sent an army,

And let thy wife visit thy landladye three or four tymes

in a yeare, wyth spised cakes, and apples, pears, cherries, He (the Earl of Chatham, 7 April, 1778) was led into the under the leading of the Constable of France, which consisted of nine hundred men at arms, with as many light and such like.--Tyndall. Workes, p. 210.

house by his son and son in law Mr. W Pitt and Lord Vt.

Mahon, all the lords standing up out of spect, and making horse, eight hundred reysters, two and twenty ensigns of Yea, poll thyselfe and preuent other, and geue the baylife a lane for him to pass to the earl's bench. lancequenets, and sixteen ensigns of French footmen. or like officer now a capon, now a pigge, now a goose, and

Beisham. History of England, rol. vi, Id. Queen Mary, an. 1537. so to thy landlord likewise.- Id. 16. Receipts abound; but searching all thy store, For some men there be, that remoue other men's lande

LANGUAGE, v.

Fr. Language; It. Lin. The best is still at hand, to launch the sore. markes.--Bible, 1551. Job, c. 24.

LA'NGUAGE, n. guaggio; Sp. Lengua, len-
Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3.
There this fayre virgin wearie of her way

LA'NGUAGELESS. guuda; Lat. Lingua, quasi While making fruitless moan, the shepherd stands,

Must landed bee.-Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 12. linga, from Ling-ere, to lick, cum lingua unicuin And when the launching knife requires his hands, Vain help, with idle pray’rs from heav'n demands.-Id. Ib. Defend all landings, bar all passages..

sit linctus instrumentum. Daniel. Civil Wars, b. vii.

That which the tongue They lightly set their lances in the rest,

utters, or speaks; And, at the sign, against each other press'd.

Now sir young Fortinbras,

speech, oral or written; applied to the general Id. The Flower and the Leaf. Of vnimproued mettle, hot and full,

character or style of speaking or writing; to the With that he drew a lancet in his rage, Hath in the skirts of Norway, heere and there,

people or nation speaking or writing. To puncture the still supplicating sage.

Shark'd vp a list of landlesse resolutes.
Garth. The Dispensary, c. 5.
Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act i. sc. 1. For in the langage of Rome, Rane a frogge ys.

R. Gloucester, p. 69. In his pockets he had a paper of dried figs, a small bundle

Down from the neighbouring hills those plenteous springs of sugars, a case of lancets, squirt, and forceps and two old

that fall,

And thei spaken the langagis and prophecieden. razors in a leathern envelope. -Observer, No. 88. Nor land-floods after rain, her never move at all.

Wiciif. Dedis, c. 19.

Druyton. Poly-Olbion, s. 9. LANCH, or

And al the worlde was of one töge & one language. See Lance. LAUNCH. Those same the shepheard told me, were the helds

Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. 11. To throw, to send forth, to In which dame Cynthia her landheards fed. cmit, to dart, to push forth, to push on, to rush

Spenser. Colin Clout's come home again.

To bere this arell was comaunded a clerke, well langaged forth; also, (as in Spenser,) to pierce as with a

to do such a besynesse.-Berners. Prois. Cron. vol. i. c. 243,

It is nothing strange that these his landloping legats and sance, or lancet. And see in v. Lance the quota- nuncios haue their manifold collusions to cousen christian

In which matter I have used greatly the help of one Swertions from Dryden. kingdoms of their reuenues.-Hulinshed. Hen. III. an. 1244.

der, a servant of my lord of Canterbury, a young man well

learned, and well languaged, of good soberness and discreAnd doun his hond he launcelh to the clifte, Were he as Furius, he would defy

tion.-Sir T Wyatl. To the King, 7 Jan. (1540.) In hope for to finden ther a gift.

Such pilfering slips of petty landlordry.
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 7658.

Bp. Hall, b. v. Sat. 1.

The only languag'd-men, of all the world!
He said vnto them: Let us goe ouer vnto the other syde
Hence countrie loutes land-Turch their lords

B. Jonson. The Fox, Act ii. sc. 2, of the lake. And they lanched forth.

And courtiers prize the same.

A new dispute there lately rose
Bible, 1551. Luke, c. 8.

Warner. Albion's England, b. ix. c. 46.

Betwixt the Greeks and Latins, whose For, since my brest was launcht with lovely dart

Temples should be bound with glory of deare Sansfoy, I never ioyed howre.

Lad. To find out that, good shepherd, I suppose

In best languaging this story.--Lovelace. Lucasta, pt. i.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 4.

In such a scant allowance of star-light,
Would overtask the best land-pilot's art,

Our ancient English Saxons language is to be accompted
That simple fisher-swain
Without the sure guess of well-practis'd feet.

the Teutonicke tonge, and albeit we have in latter ages Whose little boat in some small river strays; Yet fondiy lanches in the swelling main,

Milton. Comus.

mixed it with many borrowed words, especially out of the Soon, yet too late, repents his foolish plays. Some inventing colours, others shadowes and landskips,

Latin and French; yet remaineth the Teutonicke unto this P. Fletcher, The Purple Island, c. 6. and others rules of proportion.

day the ground of our speech, for no other 01f-spring haih Hakewill. Apologie, b. iii. c. 9. s. 3.

our language originally had then that.

Verstegan. Restit. of Decayed Intelligence, c.7, 1190

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