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Such sorrow this lady to her tooke,

Whether you prove a lagger in the race,

recipients of liquid substances. Lake, in Wiclif, That truly I that made this booke,

Or with a vigorous ardour urge your pace, Had such pitie and such routh

I shall maintain my usual rate: no more.

is in the common version wine-press. The usual To rede her sorrow, that by my trouth

Prancis. Horace, Ep.2. To Lollius. application is to-
I farde the worse all the morrow
After, to thinken on her sorrow.--Chaucer. Dreame.
Superfluous Ings the vet'ran on the stage,

A large expanse of water within land, or having
Till pitying nature signs the last release,

no immediate connexion with the sea. And whan she goth to here masse And bids afflicted worth retire to peace.

And the lake (lacus) was trodun withoute the citee, and That time shall nought ouerpasse,

Johnson, Vanity of Human Wishes.

the blood went out of the lake til to the bridelis of horsis bi That I ne approche hir ladihede.--Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

L A'INER, Fr. straps or thongs, (Tyrwhitt.) furlongis a thousynde and sixe hundride. Now sonne tell me then so,

Wiclif. Apocalips, c. 14.
Skinner writes it lamers, thongs; and suggests the
What hast thou done of besiship

And sprincles eke the water counterfet,
To loue, and to the ladiship
Lat. Laminæ.

Like unto blacke Auernus lake in bell.
Of hir, whiche thy ladie is?

Id. Ib.
Nailing the speres, and helmes bokeling,

Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.
A lovely ladie rode him faire beside,
Guiding of sheldes, with lainers lacing.

So stretcht out huge in length the arch-fiend lay Upon a lowly ass more white than snow;

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2507.

Chain'd on the burning lake.Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i. Yet she much whiter; but the same did hide Under a vele, that wimpled was full low.

LAIR, or! Skinner writes it leer, - clearly Our spacious lakes; thee, Larius, first; and next

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 1.

I enough, he says, from Ger. Læger,

Bonacus, with tempest'ous billows vext. cubile, and this from liegen, to lay. It is imme

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 2. To be plain argues honesty, but to be pleasing argues diately from lay, or lai, layer or lair.

I started up, and looking out, observed by the light of the discretion. Sores are not to be anguisht with a rustick pressure, but gently stroak'd with a ladied hand.

The place where any one (deer or other animal) and the waves dashing against the walls of the inn, and

moon the lake (Desensanoj in the most dreadful agitation, Feltham, pt. i. Res. 8. ' lays or is laid. Applied to the land or pasture in resembling the swellings of the ocean, more than the petty More did I feare, than euer in

which they lie. In Hardyng's Chronicle (quoted agitation of inland waters.-Eustace. Italy, vol. i. c. 5. Your ladiship I found,

by Dr. Jamieson) the place where Arthur was Disdainefull lookes from those faire eyes

LA'KENS. The diminutive of our lady, i. e. laid in burial. That me with loue did wound.

ladykin, (Steevens.)
Warner. Albion's England, b. xi. c. 64. The mynster church, this day of great repayre
Of Glastenbury, where now he has his leyre.

By our lakens brother husband (qh. she,) but as properlye And now and then among, of eglantine a spray,

Harding. Chronicle, p. 77.

as y' was preached, yet woulde I rather abyde the perill of By which again a course of lady-smocks they lay.

breding wormes in my bely by eating of fleshe without Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 15. More hard for hungrey steed t'abstaine from pleasant lare. breadde, then to eate with my meate the breadde that I wist

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8. well wer poysoned.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 849.
He made a knight,
And your sweet mistress ship ladufied, you wore

Instead of his Æmylia faire

Gon. By'r laken, I can go no further, sir,
Satin on solemn days, a chain of gold,
This gvant's sonne that lies there on the laire

My old bones akes.--Shakespeare. Tempest, Act iii. sc. 3 A velvet hood, rich borders, &c.

A headlesse heap, him unawares there caught.-Id. Id.
Massinger. The City Madam, Act iv. sc. 4.
Haue the winters been so set,

LAMB, v. Goth. A. S. Dut. Ger, and
The soldier here his wasted store supplies,
To raine and showe, they have wet

LAMB, n. Swed. Lamb, agnus. The origin

All his driest laire.
And takes new valour from his ladie's eyes.

LA'MBKIN. of the word, says Junius, im-
By which means his sheep have got
Waller. Instructions to a Painter.
Such a deadly curelesse rot

probably enough, is to be sought, prefixo l, from This lady-fly I take from off the grass, That none living are.--Browne. Shepheard's Pipe, Ec.. 3. the initial letters of the Gr. Auvos.

This etymoWhose spotted back might scarlet red surpass,

Out of the ground uprose

logy, says Wachter, Stiernhiem despises, but Fly, lady-bird, North, South, or East, or West,

As from his laire the wilde beast where he wonns suggests no other. Ihre remarks,— Apud ArmoFly where the man is found that I love best.

In forrest wilde, in thicket, brake or den.

ricos lamma notat saltare, which does not ill suit Gay. The Shepherd's Week. Thursday.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vii. this kind of animal. Minshew,-from lamb-ere, to Such as your titled folks would choose

· Where nature shall provide

lick. It is applied toAnd lords and ladyships might use,

Green grass and fat'ning clover for their fare !
Which style whoever would succeed in,
And mossy caverns for their noontide lare:

The young offspring of the sheep; (met.) to Must have small wit and much good breeding.

With rocks above to shield the sharp nocturnal air. any one having the meekness, innocence of a
Lloyd. To G. Colman, Esq. 1761.

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3. lamb.
LAG, v.
Skinner thinks lag is quasi lang,
But the sea-fowl is gone to her nest,

Non lyckore ys brother hym nas, than an wolf ys a lombe.

The beast is laid down in his lair ; LAG, n. (the n omitted,) from the A. Š.

R. Gloucester, p. 280. Even here is a season of rest Lag, adj. Lang, long; as we say, he stayes And I to my cabin repair.

And gaf the kyngdome to hus knave. that kept sheep &

lambren. LAGGARD. long, hee's long a comming. Min- Cowper. Verses, supposed to be written by A Selkirk.

Piers Plouhman, p. 59. LAGGER. shew derives from log, truncus,

Go ye lo Y sende you: as lambren among woluys.

LAIT, n. Perhaps from the A. S. Lat-an, and it is not improbable that it may have the æstimare, reputare, judicare. Skinner prefers the

Wiclif. Luke, c. 10. same origin, viz. the Goth. Lag-yan, A. S. Lecg- Fr. Laicter, lactare.

Go your wayes : beholde, I sende you forthe as lambes

among wolues.- Bible, 1531. Ib. an, to lay or lie; and, consequentially, to remain at rest, inactive, sluggish.

Incessantly busie her prey for to gete,

So 'twixt them both they not a lambkin left;
To bring to the lure whom she doth lait.
To move slowly or sluggishly, to tarry or remain

And, when the lambs fail'd, the old sheepes lives they reft.
Chaucer. The Remedie of Loue.

Spenser. Mother Hubberd's Tale. behind, to come or follow slowly after; to come in


I finde those that commend use of apples, in splenaticke late or latterly, at the latter end, after others.

LAKE. Tyrwhitt remarks,-it is difficult to

and this kinde of melancholy (lambs-wool some call it) For a gunstone I say had all to lagged his cap. say what sort of cloth is meant. Laecken, Belg: cold rawnesse and winde.

which howsoever approved must certainely be corrected of Skelton. The Crowne of Laurell. signifies both linen and woollen cloth, (Kilian.)

Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 395. When with the luggage such as laggd behind, And that were set the carriages to keep, Fine cloth and lawn (says Skinner.) Somner has

In the warm folds their tender lambkins lie
'Gainst God and Moses grievously repin'd,
lach, chlamys, a kind of garment.

Apart from kids, that call with human cry.
Wanting a little sustenance and sleep.
He didde next his white lere

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xiii.
Draylon. Moses his Birth und Miracles, b. iii.
Of cloth of lake fin and clere.

Ev'n while I sing,
O gods, the senators of Athens, together with the common

Chaucer. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,787. Yon wanton lamb has crop't the woodbine's pride, legge of people, what is amisse in them, you gods, make

That bent beneath a full-blown load of sweets, sutcable for destruction.

LAKE. Fr. Lacque; It. and Low Lat. Lacca. And fill'd the air with perfume.
Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act iii. sc. 6. (See Menage and Martinius.) A word, says the

Mason. The English Garden, b. ii.
There, I take it,

former, of Arabic origin. (And see the quotation Nor dread we more the rigour of the year, They may cum priuilegio, wee (wear] away from Boyle.) Fr. Lacque, sanguine ; rosie or

Than the fell wolf the fearful lambkins dreads The lag end of their lewdnesse, and be laughed at. rubie colour. The true lacca is an Armenian gum,

When he the helpless fold by night invades.

Beattie. Virgil, Past. 7. Id. Hen. VIII. Act i. sc. 3. used in the dyeing of crimsons, and afterwards Some tardie cripple bare and countermand, (grown artificial) employed by painters,” (Cot- LAMBENT.

Lat. That came too lagge to see him buried.

LA'MBATIVE, adj. part. of lambere, to lick. Id. Rich. III. Act ii. sc. 1. grave.) And see LACKER.

La’MBATIVE, n. Lambere, from the Gr. Aant

Architecture, who no less
Yet not content, more to encrease bis shame,
Whenso she lagged, as she needs mote so,
A goddess is, than painted cloth, deal board,

elv, which means (Vossius) to lick or lap, or to

Vermilion, lake, or crimson can afford He with his speare (that was to him great blame)

drink by licking or lapping, and itself seeins to be Would thumpe her forward and inforce to goe.

Expression for.-B. Jonson. Expostulat. with Inigo Jones. formed from the sound. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 2. I met the other day, Pyrophilus in an Italian book, that Licking, touching lightly—as with the tongue; To this, Idomeneus: “The fields of fight

treats of other matters, with a way of preparing what the Have prov'd thy valour, and unconquer'd might;

author calls a lacca of vegetables, by which the Italians moving about or around, as if licking, or touching

mean a kind of extract fit for painting. like that rich lacca lightly.
And were some ambush for the foes design'd,
Ey’n there, thy courage would not lag behind.
in English, commonly called lake, which is employed by

The star that did my being frame
Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xiii. painters as a glorious red.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p.782.

Was but a lambent flame.
Decrepit winter, laggard in the dance,

LAKE. Fr. Lac; It. and Sp. Lago; Lat. Sudden a circling flame was seen to spread (Like feeble age oppress'd with pain) Lacus, which Vossius thinks may be from the Gr.

With beams refulgent round lulus' head;
A heavy season does maintain,

Then on his locks the lambent glory preys,
Aakis, hiatus terræ; and that it means, terra fissa
With driving snows, and winds, and rain.

And harmless tires around his temples blaze.
Ни hes. Ode to the Creator of the World. recipiens aquam; and hence applied to other

Pitt. Virgil. Ancid, b. ii.

Lambens, present

Cowley. Destiny

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Open the mantle-tree, for I am a pretty curious observer,
Thou knowest the teares of my lamentacyon

Here did she pause, and with a mild aspect
Brod a pot of lausative electuary, with a stick of liquorish.
Cannot expresse my hartes inward restrayntes.

Did towards me those lamping turns direct.
Tatler, No. 266.

Wyatt, Psalm 38.

Drummond, s. 16. Tl chen wat him into bed, and let him blood in the arm,

Thammus came next behind,

Oh sacred fyre, that burnest mightily
Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd

In liuing brests, ykindled first above
Hvisang a Paabative of album, &c.
Wiseman. Surgery, b. v. c. 5. The Syrian damsels to lament his fate

Emongst th' eternal spheres and lamping sky.
In amorous dittyes all a summer's day.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 3. To stroke his azure neck, or to receive

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i.
The lendent homage of his arrowy tongue.

That love, sir,
Couper. The Task, b. vi.

Which is the price of virtue, dwells not here,
Eve, who unseen
Yet all had heard, with audible iament

Your ladies eyes are lampless to that virtue.

Beaum. & Fletch. The Mad Lover, Act ii. sc. I. LAME.v.

A. S. Lam; Dut. Lam, laem; Discover'd soon the place of her retire.-Id. Ib. b. xi,
Live, adj
. Ger. Lam; Sw. Lam ; Dut.

For his sake then renew your drooping spirits,
Small griefs are soon wept out; but great ones come

Feed with new oil the wasting lamp of life,
La'WELT. Lamen ; Ger. Læmen, debilitare,
With bulk, and strike the straight lamenters dumb.

That winks and trembles, now, just now expiring. Le'MENESS. to weaken.

Brome. On the Death of his Schoolmaster.

Smith. Phædra & Hippolitus, Act i. sc. 1. LA'MISE. To weaken or debilitate, to

Her teme at her commaundment quiet stands, want, to injure, or deprive of, the natural power Whiles they the corse into her wagon reare,

The splendour of your lamps; they but eclipse
or strength; to mairn, to cripple.
And strowe with flowres the lamentable beare.

Our softer satellite.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 4.

Cowper. Task, b. i. And a man that was lame fro the wombe of his modir was

Various and violent have been the controversies, whether burug, and was leid ech dai at the ghate of the temple. A hundred and twentie temporall men with diuers préests

our author here intended to celebrate a lamp-lighier, or a Wiclif. Dedis, c. 3. and many women were drowned and lamentablie perished.

link-boy.-P. Whitehead. The Gyninasiad, b. ii. Note.

Holinshed. Edw. III. an. 1339.
The golde hath made his wittes lame.
Gower. Con. A. b. V.
But among the Britains there was nothing else heard but

LAMPO'ON, v. Cotgrave has lamponnier, I set aside to tell the restlesse toyle,

mourning and lamentation, both of men and women that LAMPOON, n. a fond or idle companion, The mangled corps, the lamed limbes at last.

were mingled togither.-Id. Hist. of England, b iv. c. 18. LAMPO'ONER. probably from the old Fr. Gascoigne. The Fruites of Warte.

Admit they were, it would not be uncharitable to part Lamper, potare, to drink, (Lacombe ;) and from 19. I cannot help it now,

them; yet sometimes they are not both actors, but the one the ribaldry, slander, and satire in which drinking To esse by vsing means I lame the foote of them most lamentedly passive.-Milton. Colasterion.

companions indulge themselves, the word may
Of our design.
Shakespeare. Coriolanus, Act iv. sc. 7.
Disconsolate he wanders on the coast,

have derived its application to-
And thence,
Sighs for his Country, and laments again

Satire or abuse of persons, their peculiarities
What before pleas'd them all takes but one sense,
To the deaf rocks and hoarse resounding main.

or failings. And that so lamely, as it leaves behind

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xiii.
A kind of sorrowing dulnes to the mind.

" Mr. Bettesworth," answered he, "I was in my youth
But now, ah dismal change the tuneful throng
Donne. Farewell to Love.
To loud lamentings turn the cheerful song.

acquainted with great lawyers, who, knowing my disposiBarek feels no lameness of his knotty gout,

Congreve. Death of the late Marquis of Blandford.

tion to satire, advised me, that if any scoundrel or block head His moneyes travaile for him in and out.

whom I had lampooned should ask, ' Are you the author of · Ben. Jonson. On Bank the Usurer. [It was] but an universal (infinitely rich and abundant) this paper ?' I should tell him that I was pot the author ;

goodness, mercy and pity toward this eminent part of his and therefore I tell you, Mr. Bettesworth, that I am not the A tender foot will be galled and lamed, if you set it going creation, sunk into distress and lamentable wretchedness, author of those lines."—Johnson. Life of Swift. sa mga paths: a weak head will turn, i: you place it which induced God to send his son for the redemption of

Like her, who miss'd her name in a lampoon, , ar upon the brink of a precipice.

mankind.--Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 39.
Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 3.

And griev'd to find herself decay'd so soon.
One clad in purple, not to lose his time,

Dryden. Essay upon Satire. Vetting of worth or weight can be atchieved with half a

Eats and recites some lamentable rhymne. kind, with a faint heart, with a lame endeavour.

Dryden. Persius, Sat. 1.

Lampooners and criticks rush'd in like a tide,
Id. Ib. Ser. 18.

Stern Dennis and Gildon came first side by side.
When the long-sounding curfew from afar

Buckinghamshire. Election of a Poet Laureat. He Peter) could but very lamely have executed such an

Loaded with loud lament the lonely gale, Br.-12. Of the Pope's Supremacy.

Young Edwin, lighted by the evening star,

It cannot be supposed that the same man, who lampooned

Lingering and list'ning, wander'd down the vale. Plato, would spare Pythagoras.--Observer, No. 142. Teagh some part of them (its imperfections) are covered

Beallie. The Minstrel, b. i. 3.5e verse (as Ericthonius rode always in a chariot to

Libanius must have possessed a consummate impudence, de bis lagueness,) such of them as cannot be concealed

Starting, he forsakes

who could address to a Christian emperor a mere panegyric 2 please to connive at, though, in the strictness of A thorny pillow; rushes on the deck

on Paganism, and a lampoon on Christianity; for such is ar judgment, you cannot pardon.:

With lamentations to the midnight moon.

his oration.-Jortin. On the Christian Religion, Dis. 6. Dryden. Virgil. Æneis, Ded.

Glover. The Alhenaid, b. i. He did by a false step, sprain a vein in the inside of his

LAMPREY. Fr. Lamproye; it. Lampreda ; kan which ever after occasioned him to go lamish. LAMM. Skinner says,- perhaps from the Sp. Lamprea; Lat. Lampetra ;

a petrâ dicta, Ger. Lahmen, Dut. Lamen, to lame; and interprets nempe a lambendis petris. Wood. Alhence Oxon, vol.ii. James Shirley. Eran lamenes from its leafy pallet crawls, it,-cædere, ictibus permolere. See Slam.

And tho he com hom, he wyllede of an lampreye to ete. īs zin the favour'd gang.-Grainger. Sugar Cane, b. iii. To beat, to bruise with blows.

R. Gloucester, p. 422.
And lambd ye shall be e're we leave ye..

By all the saintes that we prey,
Lat. Lamella, diminutive
Beaum. & Fletch. The Beggar's Bush, Act iii. sc. 3.

But they defend them with lamprey, &c.
of lamina, a thin plate.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose. LA'MIS ATED.

LAMMAS. A.S. Hlaf-mo
Consisting of thin plates,


The calends After the tale of the boy that would fayne haue eaten of late, or scales. or first day of August ; (q.d.) loaf-mass, perhaps the pastie of lamprese, but durst not onto the belles sang

vnto him,-Sit down Jacke and eate of the lampreye. The Isa-llated antennæ of some, the clavellated of others, because on that day an offering was made of bread

Tyndall. Workes, p. 388. *** Sainzingly beautiful, when viewed through a micro

made of new corn; the first fruits of harvest. -Derham. Physico-Theology, b. viii. c. 4. Note 3. See Somner and Skinner, and Hammond's Works, lived threescore years.- Bacon. Hist. of Life & Death, $ 11.

There were found in Cæsar's fish-ponds, lampreyes to have Tetrak an ounce of that (refined silver) and having la

vol. i. p. 660. az it, we cast it upon twice its weight of beaten subli- And to the lammasse afterward he spousede the quene. LANCE, or Fr. Lancer, lance; It. Lanciare, 22.-Bugle. Works, vol. iii. p. 81.

R. Gloucester, p. 317. LAUNCE, v. lancia ; Sp. Lanzar, lanza; Dut. I took two parcels of gold, the one common gold thinly The fift day it was after Lammasse-lide.

LANCE, n. Lancie, lansse ; Ger. Lanze; Sw. demanated, and the other very well refined.-Id. ib. p. 82.

R. Brunne, p. 221. LA'NCELY. Lants; Lat. Lancea. The etykeous marl is-sometimes of a compact, sometimes How long is it now to Lammas-tide ?

LANCER. mologists have written much dois cisar texture.- Kiruan. Or Manures.

Shakespeare. Romeo & Juliet, Act i. sc. 3.

LA'NCET. about this word, and agree in Nurse. Euen or odde, of all daies in the yeare come Lam- | ascribing it to a Celtic origin. (See Vossius, de Fr. Lamenter ; It. Lamen- mas Eue at night shall she be fourteene.

Id. Ib.

Vitiis, b. i. c. 3, his Etymologicon in v.-Menage, tare; Sp. Lamenta; Lat. La

LAMP, n.

Fr. Lampe; It. Lampa, lam- Wachter, and Ihre.) Wachter and Lye think the mentari; perhaps from the La'mped.

root preserved in the Armoric Lança, jaculari,

pada ; Sp. Lampara; Lat.
Gr. Janeuos, carmen lugubre.
To feel grief or sorrow, to

LA'MPING, adj. Lampas;

Gr. Kaunas, from vibrare, to throw, to brandish. A lance will thus LA'MPLESS.

signify, generally, any thing thrown; and lance,

lautteiv, to shine.
bewail, to deplore, to bemoan ;
to declare or make known A light; any thing possessing or communicating the verb, or lanch, (qv.)

To throw; and (from the form and purpose of
grief or sorrow.
light,- (lit. or met.)

a lance) consequentially, to pierce or penetrate; The case it selle is inly lamentable.

Hit is as lewede as a lampe, that no lyght ys ynne. to cut with a lancer or lancet, or small lance, or

Piers Plouhman, p. 22.
Chaucer. The Assembly of Ladies.

sharp-pointed instrument. This child with pitons lamentation

But the five foolis token her lampis, and token not oile

Lance, in ba-lance, and used uncompounded by with hem.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 25. *sz taken up, singing his song alway.

Spenser, may be the same word, applied conse-
Id. The Prioresses Tale, v. 13,551.
And wel ycovered with a lampe of glas?

quentially; poise, equipoise. Petalye verelye I say unto you: ye shall wepe and la

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,167. route sad the worlde shall reioyce.- Bible, 1551. Jon, c. 16.

A cheerliness did with her hopes arise

In ys rygt hond ys lance he nom, that ycluped was Ron.

R. Gloucester, p. 174 That lamped clearer than it did before, Per m* and fayth made her importunate-she foloweth

And made her spirit and his affections more. backe, and eryeth lamentably: Haue mercy vpon me

With a herde thei mette, a herte therof gan lance. Udal. Mathew, c. 15.

Daniel. Civil IVars, b. viii.

R. Brunne, p. 94 1189

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& scharp lance that thrilled Ihesu side.---R.Brunne, p. 30. They cried to have the sailes hoisted vp, and signe giuen! In like sort halfe a mile beyond this into the landward Plomes and cherries

to lanch foorth, that they might passe forward on their iour goeth another longer creeke. That lyghtliche launceth up litel wile dureth. nie.- Holinshed. History of England, vol. i. b. iv. c. 21.

Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, 3. 12. Piers Plouhman, p. 213.

In divers enquiries about providence, to which our cu- Heere we consum'd a day; and the third morne A blind knight-men called Longias,

riosity will stretch itself, it is impossible for us to be resolved, To Daintry with a land-wind were wee borne. With a speare aproched vnto my souerain, and launching into them we shall soon get out of our depth,

Corbet. Iter Boreale. Launsing his side full pitously alas. so as to swim in dissatisfaction, or to sink into distrust.

Thus royal sir, to see you landed here,
Chaucer. The Lamentation of Mary Magdalen.

Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 23.

Was cause enough of triumph for a year.
And yet I hope par ma fay,
He chose Menætes from among the rest ;

Dryden. To his Majesty. That thou shalt with this launce gay

At him he launch'd his spear, and pierc'd his breast. A tax laid upon land seems hard to the land-holder, beAbien it ful soure.

Dryden, Orid. Melam. b. xii. cause it is so much money going visibly out of his pocket:
Id. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,691.
We cut our cable, launch into the world,

and therefore as an ease to himself, the landholder is always
With many a firie launce
And fondly dream each wind and star our friend.

forward to lay it upon commodities. He woundeth ofte, where he woll not hele.

Young. The Complaint, Night 8.

Locke. On the Lowering of Interest. Gower. Con. A. b. viii.

A good conscience is a port which is land-locked on every And as he put forth his honde

LAND, v. Goth, A.S. Ger. Dut. and side, and where no winds can possibly invade, no tempests Upon my body, where I laie,

LAND, n. Sw. Land: of unknown ety

can arise.--Dryden. Virgil. Geor. Pref.
Me thought a firie launcegnie,
Which whilom through my hert he cast.

Divines but peep on undiscover'd worlds,
He pulleth oute.

Id. Ib.
LA'NDLESS. May it not be formed of (Goth.

And draw the distant landskape as they please.

Id. Don Sebastian, Act ii sc. I. And with that word, with all his force a dart

Lagy,) Lay-en-ed, Lan-ed, Land ?
He launced then into that croked wombe.
As a substance, it is opposed to water.

The prettiest landscape I ever saw, was one drawn on the
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii.

walls of a dark room, which stood opposite on one side to a

It is also applied to the inhabitants of the land, navigable river, and on the other side to a park. The surgen launcelh and cutteth out the dead flesh. of the country, or region,

Spectator, No. 414. Tyndall. Workes, p. 119.

It is not unfrequent in composition ; and some As soon as the land of any country has all become private The cut wherof like a lytle launsing knife may let out the instances from our elder writers are given.

property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap foule corrupcion of the soule.—Sir T. More. Workes; p.1391.

Landlady and landlord are applied to the mistress

where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its He carried his lances, which were strong, to give a lancely

natural produce.-Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. 6. and master of the house, more especially of a blow.-Sidney. Arcadia. public one.

Religion's harbour, like th’ Etrurian bay

Secure from storms, is land-lock'd ev'ry way. And they cried lowd, and cut themselues, as their maner Landskip-Dut. Landschap ; A.S. "Landscipe,

· Harte Thomas à Kempis. was, we knyues and launcers.-Bible, 1551. 3 Kings, c. 18. a country, a region, a quarter, a coast; whence

Nothing can be better fancied than to make this enormous Whole hosts of sorrows her sick heart assail,

our land-skip, q.d. land-shape,(Somner.) See son of Neptune use the sea for his looking-glass; but is When ev'ry letter ianc'd her like a dart. the quotation from Dryden.

Virgil so happy when his little landsman says, Non sum aduo Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. vi.

informis ?-Fawkes. Theocrilus, Idyl 6. Note 45.
--- Towards them did pace

Engelond ys a wel god lond, ich wene of eche lond best,
An armed knight, of bold and bounteous grace,
Y set in the ende of the world, as al in the West.

LANE. Dut. Laen; and Lye says, the A.S. Whose squire bore after him an heben launce

R. Gloucester, p. 1. have Lana. It may be Hlæne, lane, thin, and, And cover'd shield.-Spenser. Paerie Queene, b. ii. c. S. In the se sailand he lendes toward Lumbardie.

therefore, narrow. Need teacheth her this lesson hard and rare,

R. Brunne, p. 186.

A narrow way or passage-between houses or That fortune all in equall launce, doth sway,

& the kyng Cadwaladre this lond had alle torn.-Id. p. 1. hedges, or any lateral confinement. And mortal miseries doth make her play. Id. Ib. b. iii. c. 7. Al the puple was aboute the see on the lond.

" In the subarbes of a town," quod he, Each launceer well his weightie launce did wield,

Wiclif. Mark, c. 4.

"Lurking in hernes and in lanes behind.'
Each drew his sword and well addrest his shield.
With which landing tho I woke.-Chaucer. Dreame,

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Prologue, v. 16,124.
Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 822.
The monthe vnto this signe ordeigned

It is becomme a turnagaine laine ynto them, which they These carried a kind of lance de gay, sharp at both ends, Is Februar, whiche is bereigned

cannot goe through.-Tyndall. Wurkes, p. 388. which they held in the midst of the staff,

And with landfides in his rage
Raleigh. Hist. of the World, b. v. c. 3. At fordes letteth the passage.

The trees and bushes growing by the streets' sides, doo
Gower, Con. A. b. vii.

not a little keepe off the force of the sunne in summer for Although at one time there came an army of eighteen And God sayde: let ye waters that are ynder heauen drieng vp the lunes.- Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, c. 19. thousand foot, at another time an army wherein were gather themselues vnto one place that the drye land may Forth issuing from steep lanes, the colliers' steeds reckoned twelve thousand launce-knights. appere.--Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. I.

Drag the black load; another cart succeeds.
Baker. Hen. VIII. an. 1546.

Gay. Trivia, b. iii. To the rescue whereof, the French king sent an army,

And let thy wife visit thy landladye three or four tymes under the leading of the Constable of France, which con

in a yeare, wyth spised cakes, and apples, pears, cherries, He [the Earl of Chatham, 7 April, 1778) was led into the sisted of nine hundred men at arms, with as many light and such like.--Tyndall. Workes, p. 210.

house by his son and son in law Mr. W Pitt and Lord Vt.

Mahon, all the lords standing up out of luspect, and making horse, eight hundred reysters, two and twenty ensigns of Yea, poll thyselfe and preuent other, and geue the baylife

a lane for him to pass to the earl's bench. lancequenets, and sixteen ensigns of French footmen. or like oflicer now a capon, now a pigge, now a goose, and

Beisham. History of England, vol. vi. Id. Queen Mary, an. 1557.

so to thy landlord likewise.-Id. Ib. Receipts abound; but searching all thy store,

For some men there be, that remoue other men's lande- LANGUAGE, v. Fr. Language; It. LinThe best is still at hand, to launch the sore.

markes.- Bible, 1551. Job, c. 24. Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3.

LA'NGUAGE, n. guaggio; Sp. Lengua, len

There this fayre virgin wearie of her way
While making fruitless moan, the shepherd stands,

guuda; Lat. Lingua, quasi And when the launching knife requires his hands,

Must landed bee.-Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 12. linga, from Ling-ere, to lick, cum lingua unicuin Vain help, with idle pray’rs from heav'n demands.-Id. Ib.

sit linctus instrumentum.

Defend all landings, bar all passages. They lightly set their lances in the rest,

Daniel. Civil Wars, b. vii.

That which the tongue utters, or speaks; And, at the sign, against each other press'd.

Now sir young Fortinbras,

speech, oral or written; applied to the general Id. The Flower and the Leaf. Of vnimproued mettle, hot and full,

character or style of speaking or writing; to the With that he drew a lancet in his rage,

Hath in the skirts of Norway, heere and there,

people or nation speaking or writing. To puncture the still supplicating sage.

Shark'd vp a list of landlesse resolutes.
Garth. The Dispensary, c. 5.
Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act i. sc. 1. For in the langage of Rome, Rane a frogge ys.

R. Gloucester, p. 69. In his pockets he had a paper of dried figs, a small bundle

Down from the neighbouring hills those plenteous springs of segars, a case of lancets, squirt, and forceps and two old

that fall,

And thei spaken the langagis and prophecieden. razors in a leathern envelope.- Observer, No. 88. Nor land-floods after rain, her never move at all.

Wiciif. Dedis, c. 19. Druyton. Poly-Olbion, s. 9.

And al the worlde was of one toge & one language. LANCH, or See Lance.

Bible, 1351. Genesis, c. 11, Those same the shepheard told me, were the fields LAUNCH. To throw, to send forth, to In which dame Cynthia her landheards fed.

To bere this apell was comaunded a clerke, well langaged cmit, to dart, to push forth, to push on, to rush

Spenser. Colin Clout's come home again.

to do such a besynesse.-Berners. Frois. Cron. vol. i. c. 243. forth; also, (as in Spenser,) to pierce as with a It is nothing strange that these his landloping legats and

In which matter I have used greatly the help of one Swercance, or lancet. And see in v. Lance the quota- nuncios haue their manifold collusions to cousen christian

der, a servant of my lord of Canterbury, a young man well tions from Dryden. kingdoms of their reuenues.-Hulinshed. Hen. III. an. 1244.

learned, and well languaged, of good soberness and discreAnd doun his hond he launcelh to the clifte,

Were he as Furius, he would defy

tion.-Sir T Wyalt. To the King, 7 Jan. (1540.)
In hope for to finden ther a gift.
Such pilfering slips of petty landlordry.

The only languag'd-men, of all the world!
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 7658.

Bp. Hall, b. v. Sat. 1.

B. Jonson. The Fox, Act ii. sc. 2. He said vnto them: Let us goe ouer vnto the other syde Hence countrie loutes land-Turch their lords

A new dispute there lately rose of the lake. And they lanched forth.

And courtiers prize the same.

Betwixt the Greeks and Latins, whose
Bible, 1551. Luke, c. 8.

Warner. Albion's England, b. ix. c. 46.

Temples should be bound with glory For, since my brest was launcht with lovely dart

Lad. To find out that, good shepherd, I suppose

In best languaging this story.- Lovelace. Lucasta, pt. i. Of deare Sansfoy, I never ioyed howre. In such a scant allowance of star-light,

Our ancient English Saxons language is to be accompted Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 4. Would overtask the best land-pilot's art,

the Teutonicke tonge, and albeit we have in latter agcs That simple fisher-swain Without the sure guess of well-practis'd feet.

mixed it with many borrowed words, especially out of the Whose little boat in some small river strays;

Millon. Comus.

Latin and French; yet remaineth the Teutonicke unto this Yet fondly lanches in the swelling main,

Some inventing colours, others shadowes and landskips, day the ground of our speech, for no other off-spring haih Soon, yet too late, repents his foolish plays. and others rules of proportion.

our language originally had then that, P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c. 6.

Hakevill. Apologie, b. iii. c. 9. s. 3.

Verstegan. Restit. of Decayed Intelligence, c. 7. p. 114.

LAP, m.


Hee's gromme a very land-fish languagelesse, a monster. If this harmonical temperature of the whole body be dis- And hence came the louders and lanternes reared over the

Shakespeare. Troyi. & Cress. Act üi. sc. 3. tributed and put out of tune, weakness and languishing will roofes of temples, which are so curiously wrought in earth. Howe'er, my friend, indulge one labour more, immediately seize upon it.-Cudworth. Morality, c. 2. s. 7.

Holland. Plinie, b. XXXV. c. 12. And seek Atrides on the Spartan shore.

There repetitions one another meet,

Happy Augusta! law-defended town!
He wandering long, a wider circle made
Expressly strong, or languishingly sweet.

Here no dark lanterns shade the villain's frown.
And maay languag d nations has survey'd.
Parnell. On the different Styles of Poetry.

Gay. Trivia, b. iii.
Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. iii.
Whilst sinking eyes with languishment profess

Who, in haste
The ends of language in our discourse with others being Follies his tongue refuses to confess.

Alighting, turns the key in her own door, to these three; First, to make known one man's

King. Art of Love, pt. iv.

And, at the watchman's lantern borrowing light, tahis or ideas to another. Secondly, to do it with as

Finds a cold bed her only comfort left. De ease and quickness, as is possible; and thirdly, thereby Methinks the highest expressions that language, assisted

Cowper. Task, b. ii. Bienvey the knowledge of things. Language is either with all its helps of metaphor and resemblance, can afford,

The Lady-chapel (now Trinity church) at Ely, and the abused or deticient, when it fails in any of these three. are very languid and faint in comparison of what they strain

lantern-tower in the same cathedral, are noble works of the Locke. Hum. Underst. b. iii. c. 10. to represent, when the goodness of God toward them, who Others for language all their cares express, love him, comes to be expressed.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 36.

same time.-Walpole. Anec. of Painting, vol. i. p. 195. Note. Ard value books, as women men, for dress; The menstruum also working as languidly upon the coral,

Besides the lanterne that crowns the dome, or rather terTheir praise is still, the style is excellent. as it did before they were put into the receiver.

minates the cella, is by much too large for the edifice, and Pope. Essay on Crilicism.

seems to crush it by its weight. Boyle. Works, vol. i.

Eustace. Italy, vol. ii. c. 3. p. 82 The first aim of language was to communicate our This languidness of operation may perhaps proceed in tazaghts: the second to do it with dispatch. great part from the smallness of the pieces of ice that were

LAP, v.

It is usual to consider lap, Tooke Dirersions of Purley, vol. i. c. 1. imployed.--Id. Ib. vol. ii. p. 564.

to fold, and lap, to lick, as two

Many sick, and keep up; colds without coughing or run-

words; and for the first to refer Fr. Languir; It. Lan

LA'PPER. to the A. S. Læppe, which SomLA'NGLISH, n. guire; Sp. Languir; Lat. ning at the nose; only a languidness and faintness.

Life of A. Wood, an. 1678.


ner interprets,-a small piece of Languere; perhaps (VosEvelina. Yes, good father,

La'PPING, N. LA'NGUISHING, n. sius) from Gr. Aarya

any thing, the coast, or hem of a Mingle the potion so that it may kill me

LA'PLING. LINGUISHINGLY. quod est pigrari, otiari, Just at the instant this poor languisher

garment; Dut. and Ger. Lappen, LANGUISHMENT.

Heaves his last sigh.

Mason. Caraclacus.

consuere, sarcire: and for the second to the A.S. tricari, ut languentes solent; LA'NGUISENESS.

Lappian; Dut. and Ger. Lappen; Fr. Lapper,
And every flower in drooping grief appears
to be slow, to idle or trifle;
Depress'd and languishingly drown'd in tears.

lambere, to lick. Luxorld.

But the word in all its appli. as the languid or faint

Fawkes. Bion. On the Death of Adonis. cations, seems to be one and the same, with one 1.A'NGUIDLY.

usually do.

To be faint or weak, ill LA'YGUIDNESS.

Now happy he whose toil

and the same meaning, affording a sufficient cause Has o'er his languid powerless limbs diffus'd

for the various applications, viz. to fold or turn LANGUOR. at ease or diseased ; to A pleasing lassitude: he not in vain

over; as a dog in licking with his tongue; as an LA'S COROU'S. faint, to fade, to droop, to Invokes the deity of dreams. LA'SGCRE, v. pine; to be or become

Armstrong. The Art of Preserring Health, b. iii. edge, or border, or hem of cloth or other material : fx le, inert, listless, delicate or tender; to en. A sullen languour still the skies opprest,

the clothes over the knees, thighs, or breast. To farbie, to entender.

And held th' unwilling ship in strong arrest.

lap, then, may be explained,

Falconer. Shipwreck, c. 1. To fold or turn over, to enfold, to involve, to T. le Crtred his kosyn, a stiffe knyght in stoure,

enwrap. He gas bys kyngdom, & died in langoure.-R. Brunne, p. 6. LA'NIFICE. It. Lanificio; Lat. Lanificium,- To fold or turn (the tongue) over, and conso Ale that hadden sike men with dyverse langouris ledden any thing made of wool, (lana.)

quentially, to lick up. het to bim, and he sette his hondis ou ech by hemsilf and The moath breedeth upon cloth, and other lanifices, espe. ke de hem.-- Wiclif. Luke, c. 4. cially if they be laid up dampish or wet.

Benes and baken apples, thei brouht in here lappes. But langerischith aboute questiouns and stryuyng of

Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 696.

Piers Plouhman, p. 144. Wurdis.--Id 1 Tym. c. 6.

Joseph lappide it in a clene sendel.-Wiclif. Mall. c. 27.
LANK, n. Skinner proposes the Ger.
He dorste not his sorwe telle,

His wallet lay besorn him in his lappe.
Put Isæguisheth, as doth a furie in helle.
LANK, adj. Gelenck, agilis, from lencken, fiec-

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 688.
Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,262.

LA'Nked. tere, to bend or turn (nimbly.) These woordes saied she, and with the lappe of her garnelegetime it cometh of languishing of the body.

It is probably no other than the A. S. Lenc, i.e. mente iplited in a frounce she dried myn iyen, that weren

Id. The Persones Tale. long; and, therefore, lean or spare. See Flank. full of the wawes of my wepynges.--Chaucer. Boecius, b. i. 5vol I steke of woful Damian,

Long, or lengthened, (sc.) to excess; and thus, And bad this sergeant that he prively
1:21 Iangsreta for loue, as ye shul here.
slender, spare, meagre.

Shulde this child ful softe wind and wrappe,
Id. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9741.

With alle circumstances tendrely,
My thighes are thin, my body lanck and leane.

And carry it in coffre, or in a lappe.
Put well was seene in her colour,

Gascoigne. Dan Bartholomew of Bathe.

Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8461. That sbe had lived in languour. Id. Rom. of the Rose.

That flow'd from her lanck syde

That mantil lapped hir aboute.--Gower. Con. A. b. v. O sedicine sanatife of sore langorous.

Downe to her foot with carelesse modestee.
Id. The Craft of Louers.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 9. For many a vice, as saith the clerke
Tamme come the tezres, and thence the bitter torment,

And all this

There hongen vpon slouthe's lappe.-Id. Ib. b. iv. The sigbes, the wordes, and eke the languishment.

(It wounds thyne honor that I speake it now)

And saye moreouer vnto him, thus sayeth the Lord: in Wyatt, Complaint upon Lour. Was borne so like a souldiour, that thy cheeke

the place where dogges lapped the bloude of Naboth, shal

So much as lanked not. Then that were of Pithagoras' discipline, among all the

dogges lappe euē thy bloud also.

Shakespeare, Antony & Cleopatra, Act i. sc. 4. mats of Pithagoras, they kept these rules, and most

Bible, 1551. 3 Kings, c. 21. &st teed the. That languishnes should be auoided and Who would not choose rather to be deformed or impotent

But therewith all there springs a kinde of tares, To the body. in his body, than to have a misshapen mind: to have rather

Which are vile weedes and must be rooted out Vives. lastruction of a Christian Woman, c. 5. a lank purse than an empty brain.-Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 16.

They choake vp grace, and lap it fast in snares. that the kindly joy of the health and life of the body Here the lank-sided miser, worst of felons,

Gascoigne. V pon the uite of Petters. te word be much depraved, or made faint and languid, by Who meanly stole, (discreditable shist)

This is the light and perfectness, whiche Moses put in the undled humours and impetuous luxury and intem- From back and belly too, their proper cheer.

breast lappe of judgemente. peace ibe earthly-minded Adam.

Blair. The Grave.

Bible, 1551. Deuteronomy, c. 33. Note.
H. More. The Moral Cabbala, c. 3. s. 16.
LANTERN. Fr. Lanterne ; It. and Sp. Lan-

Thē Dauid arose & cut of a lap of Saul's cote priueli. Pose desparate peefe cures with anothers languish.

Id. 1 Kings, c. 24. Shakespeare. Romeo & Juliet, Act i. sc. 2. terna ; Lat. Laterna, from latere, quia in eâ latet Tu te praph, surcease this death-alluring languish, ignis, (Vossius.) Junius adds,-a vento tutus. And gathered thereof coloquintidaes his lappefull.

Id. 4 Kings, c. 4. Se rase a besucie was not borne for anguish.

That in which a light is placed, (sc.) to hold
Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. i. 8. 1. and preserve it : applied generally and met. to-

Their limber branches were so li pp'd together,

As one enamour'd had of other teen. T.Bes and audibles) do languish and lessen by degrees, A light; any thing that lights or illuminates.

Drayton. The Man in the Moon. bersag to the distance of the objects from the sensories. The louvre or lantern (see the quotations from Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 255.

And ever against eating cares, Holland and Walpole)" is (says Steevens) in an- Lap me in soft Lydian airs That is there ells, but cease these fruitless paines, cient records called lanternium, and is a spacious Married to immortal verse.--Milton. L'Allegro. And leave me to my former languishing !

round or octagonal turret full of windows, by means Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. ll.

Or palmie hillock, or the flourie lap of which cathedrals, and sometimes halls, are illu- Of some irriguous valley spred her store. Who act was falne into new languishment minated." Note on Romeo and Juliet, Act v. sc. 3.

Id. Paradise Lost, b. iv. Of Eis old bart, which was not throughly cured. Id. Ib. b. iv. c. 12. He loked lyk a lantne. al hus lyf after.

Indulgent Fortune does her care employ,

And, smiling, broods upon the naked boy: har4y! hoz shall I declare thy case

Piers Plouhman, p. 137.

Her garment spreads, and laps him in the fold, Po late I left in languorous constraynt.

Ne me teendith not a lanterne and puttith it undir a And covers with her wings, from nightly cold.
Id. Ib. b. ii. c. l. bushel.-Wiclif. Mallhew, c. 5.

Dryden. Juvenal, Sat. 6. * an overture of health acceptable to sick and languish- And tho she hath do set vp light

Are we pleased ? then showers of blessings must descend my persoas : bebold the great Physician.

In a lanterne on high alofte

on our heads, then flouds of wealth must run into the laps Barrow, vol. ij. Ser. 43. Upon a toure, where she goth ofte.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv. of our favourites; otherwise we are not satisfied.

Barrow, vol. iji. Ser. 23. im to me and Cymodocé were nigh,

Cambden! the nourice of antiquitie, Aaste bine languish of soft Alia's eye.

And lanterne unto late succeeding age.

They may be lappers of linnen, and bailiffs of the manor.
Pope. Homer. Ilia', . xviii.
Spenser. The Ruines of Time.


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You must not stream out your youth in wine, and live a Who can imagine a God of wisdom and sincerity, not to

Terribly gay bapling to the silk and dainties.- Hewylt. Ser. (1658,) p. 7. say goodness, should so deal with the generallity of lapsed In his buff doublet, larded o'er with fat

men, as no good, wise, honest, or true-hearted man could Of slaughter'd brutes, the well-oil'd champion shone. They read th' example of a pious wife, have the face to deal with one like himself?

Somervile. Hooli nol. Redeeming, with her own, her husband's life;

Whitby. Five Points, Disc. 1. c. 3. s. 1. Yet, if the laws did that exchange afford,

The lard is of great use in medicine, being an ingredient Would save their lapdog sooner than their lord.

Either our Saviour's performances do respect all men, or in various sorts of plasters, either pure, or in the form of Dryden. Juvenal, Sat. 10. some men (the far greater part of men) do stand upon no unguent.-- Pennant. British Zoology. The Hog.

other terms, than those of the first creation or rather of the As those casual lappings and flowing streamers were imi- subsequent lapse and condemnation.-Burrow, vol.iii.Ser.39. LARGE. Fr. Large, largesse; It. Largo, tated from nothing, they seldom have any folds or chiaro scuro.-Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iv. c. 1. The solidity and simplicity of this monument (the mau

LA'RGELY. larghezza; Sp. Largo, largueza ; soleum of Cecilia Metella) are worthy of the republican era

LA'RGENESS. Lat. Largus ; of unsettled etyHalf a dozen squeezed plaits of linnen, to which dangled in which it was erected, and have enabled it to resist the LA'RGESS. behind two unmeaning pendants, called lappets, not half incidents and survive the lapse of two thousand years.

mology. Scaliger and Scheidius covering their strait-drawn hair.-Id. Ib.

Eustace. Italy, vol. ii. c. 6.

think from the Gr. Auvpos, copious, abundant.

It is applied to any thing that exceeds the usual And sails with lappel-head and mincing airs Duly at chink of bell to morning pray'rs.

LAPWING. A. S. Lepewinc, hleapvince ; or common number or magnitude; to any thing Cowper. Truth. formed (Skinner) of hleap-an, to leap, and wince, amplified or magnified, increased or augmented,

a wing, because it so quickly moves, expands, and extended, expanded, or spread. AsL A'PIDARY. Fr. Lapider, lapidaire, claps its wings together. By Minshew, because Big or bulky, great, ample, wide, extensive, or LAPI'Deous. lapidifier; It. Lapidare

, la- it laps or claps the wings so often. In Fr. Van- comprehensive; (met. ) abundant, copious, plentiful. LAPIDE'Scent. pidario, lapideo, lapidazione; neau.

Largess; Fr. Largesse, a gift or donation ; LAPIDESCENCE. Sp: Lapizar, lapidareş, laLAPIDE'SCENCY. The false lapwing, full of trecherie.

proceeding from the largeness of the donor's pideo; Lat. Lapidarius, lapis;

Chaucer. The Assembly of Fowles. bounty ; from Lat. Largiri, to give largely. See LAPIDI'FICK. Gr. Aaas, a stone. LAPIDIFICAL.

the quotation from the Rom. of the Rose.
One who works in, deals

For anone after he was channged,
And from his owne kinde straunged,

And tho he was so large & hende of hys giftes al so.
LAPIDIFICATION. in, stone; one who works
A lapwynke made he was. Gower. Con. 4. b. v.

R. Gloucester, p. 109. LA'PIDIST. or deals in precious stones. The larwing hath a piteous, mournful cry,

To chyrche & to pouere men he gef vorst, as he ssolde, The lapidaries now shall learn to set

And sings a sorrowful and heavy song.

To abbeyes & to prioryes largylyche of hys golde. Their diamonds in gold, and not in jet. But yet she's full of craft and subtilty,

Id. p. 383. Brome. To his Mistress. And weepest most being farthest from her young. Large er tho londes, that his eldros wonnen.

Phænix & Turtle.

R. Brunne, p. 144. Induration, or lapidification, of substances more soft, is likewise another degree of condensation; and is a great

Changed to a lapwing by the avenging God,

The kyng tille him therfore did grete curteysie, alteration in nature.-Bacon. Naturall Historie, g 82.

He made the barren waste his lone abode,

Wynnyng for his lore he gaf him largelie.-Id. p. 268. And oft on soaring pinions hover'd o'er There might fall down into the lapideous matter before it The lofty palace then his own no more.

Hys los sprong so wyde sone of ys largesse. was concrete into a stone some small toad (or some toad

Beattie. Virgil, Past. 6.

R. Gloucester, p. 181. spawn) which being not able to extricate itself and get out

Loo Laurence for hus largenesse. as holy lore telleth. again, might remain there imprisoned till the matter about

LA'RBOARD. it were condensed and compacted into a stone.

Vox nautica, (says Skinner ;)

Piers Plouhman, p. 289. Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii. so the left side of a ship is called, perhaps, q. d. But Crist beinge a bisschop of goodis to comynge entride Beneath the surface of the Earth there may be sulphu- lever board, from the Lat

. Lævus, and board. Lar bi a largere and parfitere tabernacle. Wiclis. Ebrewis, c. 9. reous, and other steams, that may be plentifully mixed with may be a contraction of laveer, and that side of In the same wise is he to blame, that spendeth over water, and there, in likelihood, with lapidescent liquors. the ship so called because it laveers or lies obliquely largely.--Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus. Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 557. to the starboard.

And after on the daunce he went They (chymists, &c.] do with much contidence entirely The Portuguese beginning their voyage not far from the

Largesse, that set all her entent ascribe the induration and especially the lapidescence of same streights, leave Africk on the larboard, and bend their

For to ben honourable and free, bodies to a certain secret internal principle, lurking for the course to the east.-Ralegh. Hist. of the World, b. ii. c. 1. s. 2.

Of Alexander's kinne was shee:

Her moste joie was ywis, most part in some liquid vehicle.-Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 434.

When on the larboard quarter they descry

When that she yafe, and saied, haue this.-Id. R. of the R. Hereof in subterraneous cavities, and under the earth A liquid column tow'ring shoot on high.

So that into the large strete there are many to be found in several parts of Germany;

Falconer. The Shipwreck, c. 2. This horse with great solemnitee which are but the lapidescencies and petrifactive mutations of hard bodies.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 23.

Was brought within the citee.-Gower. Con. 4. b. i. LA'RCENY. Fr. Larcin, larrecin ; Lat. Latro

I bid not that thou do wast, Arguing, that the atoms of the lapidifick, as well as of the cinium. See the quotation from Blackstone.

But holde largesses in his measure.-Id. Ib. b. v. saline principle, being regular, do therefore concur in producing regular stones.-Grew. Cosmo. Sacra, b. i. c. 3. p. 14.

1. Larciny, or theft, by contraction for latrociny, latro- On Newe Yeres day, the king. (Henry VII.] being in a cinium, is distinguished by the law into two sorts.

riche gowne dynede in his chamber, and gave to his officers Bætius is of the same opinion, not ascribing its (coral]

Blackstone. Commentaries, b.iv. c. 17. of armes vi. l. of his largesse, wher he was cryed in his style concretion unto the air but the coagulating spirits of salt,

accustumed.-Leland. Collectanea, vol. iv. p. 234. (From a and lapidifical juyce of the sea, which entring the parts of

LARD, v. that plant, overcomes its vegetability, and converts it into

Fr. Lard; It. and Sp. Lardo ; MS. in the Harleian Library.) a lapideous substance.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 5.

LARD, n. Lat. Lardum, which Macrobius A passage down the Earth, a passage wide,
LA'RDER. conceives to be contracted from

Wider by farr than that of after-times
Some stones exceed all other bodies (in hardness,] among

Over mount Sion, and, though that were large, them the adamant all other stones, being exalted to that

largæ aridum; Vossius prefers the

Over the promis'd land to God so dear. degree thereof, that art in vain endeavours to counterfeit it, LA'RDERY. Gr.Aapov, sweet ; whence Aapivov,

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iii. the factious stones of chymists in imitation being easily bene curatum, pingue, well cured, fat. Lard is

Nor ever thence detected by an ordinary lapidist.-Ray. On the Creation, pt.i. applied to

Had ris'n or heav'd his head, but that the will They hired another house of Richard Lions, a famous Hog's flesh, bacon ; to the fat of it.

And high permission of all-ruling Heaven lapidary, one of the sheriffs, who was beheaded by the To lard, -to fatten, to cover with fat, to grease;

Left him at large to his own dark designs.-Id. Ib. b. i. Kentish rebels in the reign of Richard II. to mix or stuff, or lay bacon or the fat of bacon

For want of instruction, whiche hath beene largelie proWalpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. i. c. 4.

into other meats; generally, to intermix, to inter- mised, and slacklie perfourmed, and other sudden and LAPSE, v.)

iniurious deniall of helpe voluntarilie offered. Lat. Labi, lapsus, to fall. lay. See INTERLARD.

Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, c. 11. Lapse, n. $ To fall, to descend, to glide, Larder,—a store-room for lard; generally, for

While the porter stood wondring at the largeness of the slide or slip, or pass away; to cause to fall, to let any provided meats.

beast, Philomenes ran him through with his boar-spear. fall; to fail. The larderer, (larderarius,) or superintendent

Ralegh. History of the World, b. 1. c. 3. S. 14. of provisions, is recorded by Spelman, (Gloss.) Ham. Do you not come your tardy sonne to chide,

The great donatives and largesses, upon the disbanding of That, laps't in time and passion, lets go by

& ther to fyue hundreth kie ilk gere to his lardere.

the armies, were things able to enflame all men's courages. Th' important acting of your dread command.

R. Brunne, p. 28.

Bacon. Ess. Of Kingdoms & Estates,
Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act iii. sc. 4.
Rauine of other mens folde

Though straiter bounds your fortune did confine,
Once more I will renew
Maketh his larder, and payeth nought.

In your large heart was found a wealthy mine :
His lapsed powers, though forfeit and enthrall'd

Gower. Con. A. b. v. Like the blest-oil, the widow's lasting feast,
By sin to fou) exorbitant desires.
The lagging ox is now unbound,

Your treasure, as you pour'd it out, increas'd.
Millon. Paradise Lost, b. iii. And larding the new turn'd-up ground,

Waller. Of her Royal Highness, Mother to the P. of Orange.
Whilst Hobbinol, alike o'er-laid,
About me round I saw

For that our Maker has too largely given,
Takes bis coarse dinner to the shade.
Hill, dale, and shadie woods, and sunnie plaines,

Should be return'd in gratitude to Heaven.
Cotton. Noon Quatrains.

Pomfret. The Choice. And liquid lapse of murmuring streams.- Id. Ib. b. viii.

Whereupon she got a piece of lard with the skin on and Circles are prais'd, not that abound
Yet know withal,
rubbed the warts all over with the fat side.

In largeness, but th' exactly round:
Since thy original lapse, true libertie

Bacon. Nat. Hist. $ 997. So life we praise, that does excell
Is lost, which always with right reason dwells.

Not in much time, but acting well.
Id. Ib. b. xii. The citizens of Winchester had ouersight of the kitchen

Waller. Long and Short Life and larderie.- Holinshed. Hen. III. an. 1235. The canon was made for presentation within six months,

The paltry largess, too, severely watch'd, and title of lapse given to the bishop in case the chapter The blood of oxen, goats, and ruddy wine,

Ere given, and every face observed with care, were patron, from the bishop to them if he were patron. And larded thighs on loaded altars laid.

That no intruding guests usurp a share.
Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 8. Selden. Illust.

Dryden. Homer. Iliad, b. i.

Dryden. Juvenal, Sat., 1192

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