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Sach as made Sheba's curious queen resort

And to the meadows telling wanton tales,

LA'SSITUDE. Fr. Lassitude, lasseté; Sp. To the large-hearted Hebrew's famous court.

Her crystal limbs laciviously in pride
Waller. To the Countess of Carlisle.

Lassitud; Lat. Lassitudo, from lassus, contraction

(As ravished with the enamour'd gales) And find, of sheep, and goats, a mingled flock,

With often turnings casts from side to side.

of lacitus, from lacere, to draw : " Itaque vaccæ Coder the shelter of a cavern'd rock,

Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. vi. lassæ dicuntur cum diu nimis laciuntur," (Vossius.) The largest and the best the pirate band

The misery of Florimell, the virtuousnes of Belphebe, the Exhaustion of strength or spirits; weariness or Seiz'd, and prepar'd a banquet on the strand.

laciviousnes of Hellenora ; and many the like.

fatigue proceeding from exhaustion ; generallyWilkie. The Epigoniad, b. iv. Spenser. Explanations of his Faerie Queene.

weariness or fatigue. LARK, R. A.S. Lafere ; Dut. Lerke, lowerke ;

Adam was wholly set upon doing things at randome, ac- The one is called cruditie, ye other lassitude, whiche Ger. Lerch; Sw. Lærkia. Wachter thinks the cording as the various toyings and titillations of the lascivient althoughe they be wordes made of Latyne, hauynge none Ford compounded of the Celtic Læf, the voice, life of the vehicle suggested to him.

apte Englyshe worde therefore, yet by the defynytions and

H. More. The Philosophick Cabbala, c. 3. 8. 6. and orka, to be strong, and thus to signify cantu

more ample declaration of them, they shall be understande polens, powerful in song,

suffycyentely, and from henseforthe vsed for Englyshe. Vossius (de Vit. b. i. He (the goat] is much more lascivious; and that shortens

Sir T. Elyot. Castel of Helth, b. iv. c. 1. . 2. and Etymol. in o. Galerita) forms it from the his life.-Bacon. The History of Life and Death.

Lassitude is remedied by bathing, or anointing with oile Ancient Gallic Alauda ; in Modern French, Alou- But now his [Edgar's) mixture of vice marred all; espe- and warm water. The cause is, for that all lassitude is a ette; Dut. Leurik, from Alaurik. The word cially being a vice opposite to all those virtues, which was

kind of contusion, and compression of the parts; and bathing, Alonda was unknown to the Romans until Cæsar

lasciviousness.--Baker. Chronicle. Of the Saxons.

and anointing give a relaxation, or emollition.

Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 730. gave that name to a legion“ enrolled from the Men, by letting themselves loose to all manner of wretchcountries beyond the Alpes,” (Suet. in Vita, asciviency of the bodily life, quite" lose the relish and high pitch, or detained in a tone, will soon feel a lassitude,

The corporeal instruments of action being strained to a e 24.) The Lark was called Cassita, or Galerita, grateful sense of true goodness and nobility.

somewhat offensive to nature.- Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 18. (se. aris,) from the crest or tuft on its head. See

Hallywell. Malampr, (1686.) p. 9.

Cold tremours come, with mighty love of rest, also Menage in v. Alouette.

And in their [the Canaanites) other practice, most beastly Convulsive yawnings, lassitude and pains To love lyvynge men the larke is resembled.

lasciviousnesses, most bloudy violences, oppressions and ra. That sting the burden'd brows, fatigue the loins, Piers Plouhman, p. 239. pines (were] generally abounding.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 37. And rack the joints, and every torpid limb.

Armsirong. The Art of Preserving Health, b. i. Yet sang the larke, and Palamon right tho

So in the season when lascivious heat
With holy herte, and with an high corage
Burns in their veins, two branching-headed stags,

LAST. A. S. Læste. Formula lignea sutoria.
He rose.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2214. of all the herd competitors for sway,

Ger. Laist, from the obsolete leissen, imitari, to Then like the larke that past the night

Long with entangled horns persist in strife,
Ia beauy sleepe with cares opprest:
Nor yield, nor vanquish. Glover. The Athenaid, b. ii. imitate, (Wachter.)

From the Goth. Laistyan, Yet when shee spies the pleasaunt light,

sequi, to follow, (insistere vestigiis, Serenius.) LASH, v.

Fr. Lascher; It. Lasciare ; | It is applied to-
She sends sweete notes from out hir brest.
Gascoigne. A straunge Passion in a Louer.

LASH, n. Ger. Lassen; A. S. Les-an, to The pattern or form of a foot; the mould or Thus wore out night, and now the herald lark

LA'SHING, n. loose. Tooke says, “ Lash (Fr. shape on which shoes are made.
Left his ground-nest, high tow'ring to discry
lasche) of a whip, i. e. that part of it which is let

Let firm, well-hammer'd soles protect thy feet,
The morn's approach, and greet her with his song. loose, let go, cast out, thrown out: the past part.
Mitton. Paradise Regained, b. ii.

Thro' freezing snows, and rains, and soaking sleet: of French lascher.To lash,

Should the big last extend the shoe too wide, Pride, like an eagle, builds among the stars,

To let loose, to throw out, to cast out; to strike

Each stone will wrench the unwary aside. But Pleasure, lark-like, nests upon the ground.

Gay. Trivia, b. i. v. 35. Young. The Complaint, Night 5. with a lash, or any thing thrown out ; with any And shrill lark carols clear from her aerial tour.

thing long and flexible; also to tie, bend, or fasten LAST, adj. See Late. Beattie. The Minstrel, b. i. | together with a lash; met. to strike, (sc. with

LAST, v.

A. S. Læst-an ; Dut. LeesLA'RUM. See ALARM. From the It. Al censure or satire,) to aim a stroke or blow at.

LA'STING, n. ten, durare, perdurare, from case, to arms, al arme, larme, larum.

To lash the Greks to ground was her hertes joy.

LA'STINGLY. A noisy sound; as if summoning to arms; also

The Nine Ladies Worthy. Imputed to Chaucer.

LA'STINGNESS. tissimè omnium perdurat ille applied to a machine or instrument, framed to Many a stripe and many a greuous lashe

postremus omnium desinit, postremus omnium

She gauen to them that wolden louers be. make a noise at certain hours.

Chaucer. The Court of Loue.

manet, (Skinner.) Tbe vailefull warre in time doth yeelde to peace, For he lasheth out scripture in bedelem as fast as they

To stay, remain, or continue last; to continue, The larums lowde and trumpete sounde doth cease. bothe in Almayn.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 287.

to endure; to wear for a long time. Turbervile. After Misadventures come good Haps.

And gan her fresh assayle,

This sorow & this drede lastid him thre gere.
His leren bell might lowd and wyde be herd,
Heaping huge strokes as thicke as showre of hayle,

R. Brunne, p. 85. When cause requyrd, but never out of time.

And lashing dreadfully at every part.

Bifore alle thingis haue ye charitie ech to othire in yourSpenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 9.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 6, silff algatis lastinge, for charitie keuerith the multitude of of this nature likewise was the larum mentioned by Wal

Which to haue concealed had tended more to the opinion synnes.-Wiclif. 1 Petir, c. 4. chias, which though it were but two or three inches big, yet

of virtue, than to lash out whatsoeuer his vnstaied mind Trewly I was greatly reioysed in myne herte, of her faire roald both wake a man, and of itself light a candle for him

affoorded.-Holinshed. Rich. II. an. 1397.

behestes, and profered me to be slawe in all that she me & any set hour of the night.-Wilkins. Dedalus, c. 3.

wold ordein whyl my life lasted.

How smart a lash that speech doth giue my conscience ? LARYNX. Fr. Larynx, laregau ; Gr. Aapuyt,

Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. ii. Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act iii. sc. I.

Als for any man maie knowe gula, guttur.

Juvenal was wholly employ'd in lashing vices, some of There lasteth nothing but a throwe.--Gower. C. A. Prol. A cartilage forming the protuberance in the them the most enormous that can be imagined. anterior part of the neck, vulgarly named the

Dryden. Juvenal, Ded. Injustice never yet took lasting root, Praum Adami, Adam's apple.

The charioteer then whirl'd the lash around,

Nor held that long, impiety did win.

Daniel. Civil Wars, b. i. And swift ascended at one active bound. The exquisite mechanism of the larynx, its variety of

Pope. Homer. Niad, b. xix.

This circle and ring of things returning always to their muscles, its cartilages, all so exquisitely made for the pur

principles will never cease as long as the world lasts. pose of respiration, and forming the voice, are very admir- The lash resounds, the coursers spring,

Hakewill. Apologie, c. 3. 8. 6. itoie. -Derkaz. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 7.

The chariot marks the rolling ring,
And gath'ring clouds, with eager eyes

Nothing procureth the lasting of trees, bushes, and herbs, Por these seven couple of simple consonants, viz. BP

And shouts, pursue him as he flies.

80 much as often cutting.--Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 586. GK-DT-ZS-Th. Th-V F-J.SH-differ each from its

Whitehead. The Youth and the Philosopher. And covenants betwixt them surely sealid, partber, by no variation whatever of articulation; but singly by a certain unnoticed and almost imperceptible motion or Torn from their planks the cracking ring-bolts drew,

Each to the other lastingly to bind. espression of or near the larynx ; which causes what And gripes and lushings all asunder flew.

Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. iii. kas calls “ some kind of murmure."

Falconer. The Shipwreck, c. 2. The ancients depicted friendship in the bearings and
Tooke. Diversions of Purley, vol. i. c. 6.

From ladde is derived, and formerly strength of a young man, bare-headed. rudely clothed, to

signifie its activity, and lastingness, readiness of action, and LASCIVIOUS. Fr. Lascif; It, and Sp. was in use, laddesse, now contracted into lass.

aptnesses to do service.-Bp. Taylor. On Friendship. Lascr'viOUSLY. Lascivo ; Lat. Lascivus. Hickes, (in Lye.)

Quoth Cibber to Pope, " Tho' in verse you foreclose, LASCIVIOUSNESS. Vossius (Etymol. in v.) The mony for theyr masses

I'll have the last word; for, by G-, I'll write prose." LasciviENT. suggests various etymolo- Spent among wanton lasses.-Skelton. Boke of Colin Clout. Poor Colly, thy reasoning is none of the strongest,

For know, the last word is the word that lasts longest. LASCIVIENCY. gies without giving a preAnd with your piteous layes have learn'd to breed

Pope. Dunciad, b. i. Note. ference. Isaac Vossius, an additional one, the Lat

Compassion in a countrey-lasses hart.

The particular circumstances, for which the automata of Lacete, to draw, to attract, to allure, or entice.

Spenser. Astrophel. this kind are most eminent, may be reduced to these four And hence the word might be interpreted,

Thy broomegroues

1. The lastingness of their motion, without needing of a nev

Whose shadow the dismissed batchelor loues, Drawing, attracting, alluring, or enticing, (to

supply.-Wilkins. Dedalus, c. 3.

Being lasse-lorne.--Shakespeare. Tempest, Act iv. sc. 1. lazury, wantonness, or lust ;) luxurious, wanton,

Your sufferings are of a short duration, your joy will lass fistful.

Thus far the sportful Muse with myrtle bound,

for ever.-Hart. Medit. on Christ's Death & Passion, N. 2.

Has sung where lovely lasses may be found. Or perhaps from the same source as the Fr.

Dryden. Ovid. Art of Love. LAST. Last is with us (says Skinner) a Lesche, loose, (See Lash;) and hence

The rural lass

LA'Stage. kind of weight, from the A.S. HæstLeed, lustful, wanton.

Whom once her virgin modesty and grace,

an, be-hlastan, onerare; to load, or impose burI fiode that some of them haue not only bin offensiue for Her artless manners, and her neat attire,

then; Ger. Last, a load or weight ; whence (he Fairie anton speeches, and lacivious phrases, but further So dignified, that she was hardly less I are that the same haue beene doubtfully construed, and Than the fair shepherdess of old romance,

adds) our lastage, a toll or tribute upon ships of

Is seen no more, faberefore) scandalous.-Gascoigne. To the Reuerend Deuines.

Cowper. Task, b.iv. burthen. Lastage is also applied to the ballast, VOL. II.


7 N



LAT (qv.) and to the load itself. By 21 Rich. II. c. Martha seith to him, I woot that he schal rise agen in the LATERAL Fr. Latéral; It. Laterale; 18, “ All maner of ships accustomed to come to agein rising of the laste day.-Wiclif. Jon, c. 11.

LATERALLY. Lat. Lateralis, from latus, late the said port (s. of Caleis) out of the countrey of

Martha said vnto him: I know yt he shal rise againe in LATERA'LITY. England shall bring with them all their lastage of the resurrection at the last day.--Bible, 1551. Ib.

quia lateat, condaturque sub axillis; because it lies good stones convenient for stuffing the said beak- Then cometh the sinne that men clepen Tarditas, as when and is concealed under the arm-pits; or from latus, ens,” (Rastal, p. 47.) By 31 Edw. I. a weight is a man is latered or taryed or he wol tourne to God.

(see Latitude,) broad; q.d. humani corporis

Chaucer. The Persones Tale. declared to be fourteen stone, two weights of wool

extremitates in latum extensæ. See Junius in v. to make a sacke, and twelve sacks a last. A last His disciples said unto hi: Master, ye Jewes lately sought Side. See COLLATERAL, and LATE.

meanes to stone thee, and wylt thou go thyther agayne. of herrings to contain ten thousand, &c. (Id.

Bible, 1551. Jon, c. 11.

Of or pertaining to the side ; belonging to, p. 524.) And see Spelman, in v. Last.

Is it mete that the carnal be first, & that thing to be later proceeding from, the side. So that they shall be free from all toll, and from all cus- more, which is spiritual & gostly.--Udal. Marke, c. 1.

- Thwart of these as fierce tome; that is to say from all lastage, tallage, passage, cari

Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent windes

I should be loath age, &c.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 117.

Eurus and Zephir with their lateral noise.
To meet the rudeness, and swill'd insolence,

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. 1. A last of white herrings is twelve barrels, of red herrings Of such late wassailers.

Milton. Comus. 20 cades or thousand ; and of pilchards 10,000; of corn 10

For some couple laterally or side-wise, as worms. quarters, and in some parts of England 21 quarters ; of O woods, O fountains, hillocks, dales and bow'rs,

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. e. 17. wool 12 sacks; of leather 20 dickers, or ten score; of hides

With other echo late I taught your shades or skins 12 dozen; of pitch, tar, or ashes 14 barrels; of gun

To answer, and resound farr other song,

These lateralities in man are not onely failible, if relatively powder 24 firkins, weighing a hundred pound each.

Id. Paradise Lost, b. X.

determined into each other, but made in reference unto the Tomline. Law Dictionary.

heavens and quarters of the globe.-Id. Ib. b. iv This latter rill also is the last that I doo reade of on the

South side, and likewise on the West and North, till we LATCH, v. A. S. Lacc-an. See Lace.

In a field of ripe corn blown upon by the wind, there will haue sailed to S. Jes baie.

appear as it were waves of a colour (at least gradually) LATCH, N. To lay hold of, to seize, to

Holinshed. The Description of Britaine, c. 12. differing from that of the rest of the field; the wind, by LA'TCHET. catch. The noun is applied toThey deserue much more to be reprehended than I will

depressing some of the ears, and not at the same time That which catches, and holds fast, (sc.) a door. vouchsafe to attempt in this my laleward treatise.

others, making the one reflect more from the lateral and And if ge latche Lycre, let hym nat askapie.

Id. The Description of Scotland, c. 13.

strawy parts than do the rest.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 678. Piers Plouhman, p. 35. I for his sake will leave


A.S. Latta ; Ger. Latte; Fr. Ne that mede may latche, maketh litel tale.--Id. p. 58. Thy bosome, and the glorie next to thee

LA'THING, n. Latte ; Low Lat. Lata. Francis Freely put off, and for him lastly die. Thauh lyers and latche-drawers. and lolleres knocke

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iii.

LA'Thy. (says Wachter) lid-on est secare, Let hem abyde tyl the bord be drawe. Id. p. 143.

Now spurres the lated traueller apace,

separare, to cut, to separate. It may be from the Mald thorgh the Lundries fro London is katched,

To gayne the timely inne.-Shakes. Macbeth, Act iii. sc. 3.

A.S. Lithe, in a consequential application ; thin, With hors & harneis Bristow has scho latched.

R. Brunne, p. 120.

Friends, come hither,
Loue will none other bird catch
I am so lated in the world, that I

In plastering likewise of our fairest houses ouer our heads, Though he set either nette or latch.

Haue lost my way for euer.

we vse to laie first a laine or two of white morter tempered Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose.

Id. Antony & Cleopatra, Act iii. sc. 9.

with haire vpon lalhs.

Holinshed. The Description of England, c. 12. A stronger than I cometh after me, whose shoe latchet I

Such was that image, so it smild am not worthye to stoupe doune and vnlose.

With seeming kindness, which beguild

A small kiln consists of an oaken frame, lathed on every
Bible, 1551. Mark, c. 1.
Your Thyrsis lately, when he thought

side.-Mortimer. Husbandry. The pumie stones I hastly hent

He had his fleeting Cælia caught. And threw; but nought avayled :

Waller. To the Mutable Fair.

"A home should be built, or with brick, or with stone." He was so wimble and so wight,

Why 'tis plaster and lath; and I think that's all one. From bough to bough he lepped light Perhaps some doctor, of tremendous paunch,

Prior. Down Hall, a Ballad, (1715.) And oft the pumies latched.

Awful and deep, a black abyss of drink,
Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. March. Out-lives them all; and from his bury'd flock

Laths are made of fir for inside plaistering and pantile
Retiring, full of rumination sad,

lathing.-Moron. Mechanical Exercises. She bid him fearless throw

Laments the weakness of these latter times.
Himself to ground; and therewithal did show

Thomson. Autumn. The which he tossed to and fro amain
A flight of little angels, that did wait
Upon their glittering wings to latch him straight
To crown Achilles' valiant friend with praise

And eft his lathy falchion brandished.

West. On the Abuse of Travelling And longed on their backs to feel his glorious weight. At length he dooms; and, that his last of days G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph on Earth. Shall set in glory, bids him drive the foe; Nor unattended see the shades below,

LATHE, (a Turner's,) perhaps from Lith-ian. - If euer henceforth, thou These rurall latches, to his entrance open,

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xvi. See Lithe.
Or hope (hoop) his body more, with thy embraces,
Your lateness in life (as you so soon call it) might be im-

Could turn his word, and oath, and faith,
I will deuise a death, as cruell for thee

proper to begin the world with, but almost the eldest men As many ways as in a lath. Hudibras, pt. iii. c. 2. As thou art tender to't. --Shakes. Wint. Tale, Act iv. sc. 3. may hope to see changes in a court. But I haue words

Swift, to Gay, Nov. 23, 1727. LATHE.

In Law Lat. Lestum; A. S. That would be howl'd out in the desert ayre,

Even he, who long the House of Com-ns led,

Lathe, lath, which Spelman Where hearing should not latch them.

That hydra dire, with many a gaping head,

derives from the A. S. Lath-ian, ge-lath-ian, conId. Macbeth, Act iv. sc. 3. Found by experience, to his latest breath,

gregare ; to assemble together, q.d. an assembly I find the latch thy fingers touch'd before,

Envy could only be subdu'd by death.

or convention. Thy smelling myrrh comes dropping off the door.

Jenyns. Horace, Ep. I. b. i.
Parnel. The Gift of Poetry.

Lathe is also applied to a barn or granary, (sc.) What, indeed, will be the particular effects in the first a place where corn or grain is brought together, LATCH, latch'd, or letch'd, lick'd over, lecher, instance, of that general diffusion of knowledge, which the laid up, or stored. Skinner thinks from lade, to lick, Fr. (Hanmer.) spirit of reformation with which it cannot fail to be accom

because laden with the produce of harvest. But hast thou yet latcht the Athenian's eyes,

panied, it is beyond the reach of human sagacity to conjecWith the loue-iuyce, as I did bid thee doe? ture.-Stewart. Of the Human Mind, Introd. pt. ii. s. I.

Why ne had thou put the capel in the lathe!

Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4085. Shakespeare. Midsummer Night's Dream, Act iii. sc. 2.

LATEEN sails, in French, Voiles latines, LATE, adj. Goth. Lata, tardus, slow ; triangular sails, frequently used by small vessels

As Alured divided the shires first, so to him is owing the

constitution of hundreds, tithings, lathes, and wapentakes. Late, ad. A.S. Læte, late ; Dut. Laet ; in the Mediterranean, and also in the eastern

Drayton. Poly-Olbion. Selden. Illustrations. LATELY. Sw.Lat; Goth. Latyan; A. S. seas.-Can they be-quasi Latina ? LA'TENESS. Lat-ian, læt-an ;-tardare, mo

These shires also he [Alfred) brake into lesser parts, LA'TTER. rari, to be or cause to be slow;

Fr. Latent ; It. Latente ; Lat.

whereof some were called lathes of the word galathian, which

is to assemhle togither. LATTERMORE. to retard, to delay, to let. [The

Holinshed. The Description of England, b. ii. c. 4, LATEWARD. Goth. Lagy-an, to lay,—lagy: Anoev, to lie hidden or concealed.

. LATED. ed, lay-ed, layd, layt, late ? and Lying hidden or concealed ; secret, remote

In some counties there is an intermediate division, be

tween the shire and the hundreds, as lathes in Kent, and Laltered. hence also the Lat. Lat, are?] from view.

rapes in Sussex, each of them containing about three or four Late, the adj.

My latent sense thy happier thought explores,

hundreds a piece. These had formerly their lathe-recves and Let or letted,—hindered, kept back or behind, And injur'd Maro to himself restores.

rape reeves, acting in subordination to the shire-reeve. retarded, delayed: it is referred to time back or

Roscommon. Mr. Needler, to the Earl.

Blackstone. Commentaries, Introd. 8. 4. past, not long before, as the late reign, not that Every breach of veracity indicates some latent vice, or LATHER, v. Junius says, to smear with preceding it; the late king, not any preceding him; some criminal intention, which an individual is ashamed to

And hence the peculiar beauty of openness or sin

La'THER, n. and is thus extended to any person or thing, cerity.—Stewart. Outlines of Moral Philosophy.

the foam of soapy water. Ge

LATHERING, n. lethred is rendered by Somner, lately in being.

mollitus, made soft, lither or tender, from ge-lith-ian, Last-latest, latst, last.

The undesignedness of the agreements (which undesigned

ness is gathered from their latency, their minuteness, theifl (see Lithe,) emollire, to soften. Lye thinks it That this gode folk of Troie ouer come were at the last. obliquity, the suitableness of the circumstances in which (ge-lethred ) may be interpreted lathered or in a

R. Gloucester, p. 19. they consist, to the places in which those circumstances lather.

occur, and the circuitous references by which they are He regnes after him, & late had the coroune.

R. Brunne, p. 149.
traced out) demonstrates that they have not been produced writing; the horse was in a lather, i. e. a foaming

The words are common in speech, but not in to meditation, or by any fraudulent contrivance. Next the lattere fest that is of our Lady.-12. p. 308.

Paley. Evidences, pt. ii. c. 7. sweat; the barber lathered his chin. 1194


LATENT; } Laters,

pres. part

. of lat-ere; Gr.


The damsel with the soap-ball lathered him with great LATRANT. Lat. Latrans, pres. part. of La- If thou laudest and ioyest any wight, for he is stuffed with expedition, raising flakes of snow.

soche maner richesse, thou art in that beleue begiled. Smollett. Don Quixote, vol. iii. p. 281. / trare, to bark ; quod eâ voce indicant, quæ noctu

Chaucer. The Test. of Loue, b. i. latent, latratus appellatus, (Varr. lib. vi.) Vossius I shall be satisfied with the lathering of my beard, replied prefers ab sono.

His stone is the grene emeraude the squire, at least at present.-Id. ib. p. 282.

To whom is geuen many a laude. -Gower. Con. A. b. vii. Barking; clamorous, noisy.

So do well and thou shalt haue laude of the same (that is LA'TIN, v. As used by Wilson,—to inter- Thy care be first the various gifts to trace,

to say of the ruler.)-Tyndall. Workes, p. 111. LA'TINISM. lard the discourse with Latin The minds and genius of the latrant race. LATINIST. words or phrases.

Tickell. On Hunting. Who is lyke thee? So gloryous in holynesse, fearfuli, Whose latrant stomachs oft molest

laudable, & that shewest wondres.--Bible, 1551. Exod. c. 15. LATI'NITY. Latinism,-an idiom or phrase

The deep-laid plans their dreams suggest. LA'TINIZE, U. ology peculiar to the Latin

Green. The Spleen.

War. 'Tis called Jerusalem, my noble lord, LA'TINLY.

King. Laud be to heauen : tongue.

LATREUTICAL. Gr. Aatpev-elv, servire, Euen there my life must end. This interpretacion also, do both the moste number and ministrare, to serve, to minister.

Shakespeare. 2 Pt. Hen. IV. Act iii. sc. 3 the best lerned of the latinistes best alowe.

But I remember now
Bible, 1551. Ps. 4. Note. That in this sacred supper there is a sacrifice in that sense I am in this earthly world: where to do harme

wherein the fathers spake, none of us ever doubted: but Sach fellowes will so Latine their tongues, that the sim

Is often laudable, to do good sometime that is then, either latreutical, as Bellarmin distinguishes it ple cannot but wonder at their talke, and thinke surely they

Accounted dangerous folly.-Id. Macbeth, Act iv. sc. 2. not ill, or eucharistical.—Bp. Hall. No Peace with Rome, 8.4. speak by some revelacion.

Sir Richard Scrope is depriued of the chancellorshippe Wilson, Arte of Rhetorike, (1553.) b. iii. LA'TTEN, or Fr. Laiton, leton ; It. Ottone, which he had gouerned laudably.-Stow. Rich. II. an. 1382. Bretberen, this matter of Latinity is but a straw, but let LA'TOUN. } latta; Sp. Alaton, laton; Dut.

I have no purpose to enter into a laudative of learning, or me say this willing defence of a plain falshood, is a block, Lattoen; Ger. Letton; of unknown etymology.

to make a hymn to the Muses. which your very friends cannot but stumble at. Bp. Hall. Ans. to the Vind. of Smectymnuus. Ferrum 'stanno obductum. Hickes (Gram. Franco-Theotioca, p. 96) says,

Bacon. Of the Advancement of Learning, b. i.

Omnia a Cimbrico You shall hardly find a man amongst them (the French) latun, aurichalcum, quasi gladtun, a nitore splen- as Samuel's, led in with exhortation and carried out with

My discourse yet shall not be altogether laudatory; but, Thich can make a shift to express himself in that (the dido. And Serenius adds, from Glia, splendere, threatening --Bp. Hall. Sermon, March 24, 1613. Lars Language, nor one amongst an hundred that can do i Latesly.--Heglin. Voyage of France, p. 296. to shine. See Tin.

Not simply a confutation, but a modest confutation with

Archdeacon Nares contends that it is brass, I a laudatory of itself obtruded in the very first word. I owe also to Fenton the participle meandered, and to Sir 7. D'Arenant the latinism of funeral ilicet. not tin; and so the Manuel Lexique renders

Milion. An Apology for Smeclymnuus. Harte. Religious Melancholy, Advert. Laiton, métal composé de cuivre rouge et de ca

(Saint Austin himself) acknowledges those virtuous dislamine. B. Jonson renders orichalchum (Hor. positions and deeds to be the gift of God, to be laudable, to Buleau and the French critics affected to despise those authors, (the modern Lalin poets) and, for what reason it Ars Poet. 202,) by latten.

procure some reward, to avail so far, that they, because of

them, shall receive a more tolerable and mild treatment is difeuli to discover, undervalued their Latinity.

I gen as flawme of fier, and hise feet lyk latoun. (Chalco- from divine justice --Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 40.
Eustace. Italy, vol. i. Prelim. Dis.
libano.)-Wiclif. Apocalips, c. 2.

Yet, in my opinion, obsolete words may then be laudably The macaronian is a kind of burlesque poetry, consisting His helme as latoun bright. a jumble of words of different languages, with words of

Chaucer. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,806. nificant than those in practice.—Dryden. Juvenal, Ded.

revived, when either they are more sounding, or more sigde vulgar tongue latinized, and Latin words modernized. Cambridge. The Scribleriad, b. ii. Note 16. LATTICE, n.) Junius says, Cancelli ferrei; But he, whom ev'n in life's last stage

LATTICE, v. LATIRO'STROUS, i. e. broad-beaked, flat

s q.d. lett-isen; impediens fer- Endeavours laudable engage, rumentum ; iron bars that let or hinder an en.

Is paid, at least, in peace of mind, billed, from latus, broad, and rostrum, the beak.

And sense of having well design'd. trance into places secured by them. Skinner,

Cowper. The Moralizer Corrected. It (the pelican) is palmipedous, or fin-footed, like swans

(among other conjectures, )—from the Dut. Latte, en geese ; according to the method of nature in latirostrous a lath; and thus meaning lathes-work, or work of

LAVE, v. Fr. Laver; It. Lavare ; Sp. * Sat-bild birds.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. v. c. 1. laths. Fr. Latis. Gifford observes that lattices

LAVA'TION. Lavar; Lat. Lavare, to wash; LATITANT. Pres. part. of the Lat. Lati- of various colours, or chequers, as they were

LAVATORY. Gr. Ao-elv, seu 10-Eeiv, ex quo LATITANCY. tare, from lat-ere, to lie hidden sometimes called, formed (and still form) a very

LA'VER. Nov-elv, contractum; to wet or e concealed. See LATENT. common ale-house sign, (B. Jonson, Every Man

LAVA'CRE. wash. Lying or lurking hidden or concealed. in his Humour, Act iii. sc. 1. Note.)

To wash or wet, to bathe, to cleanse or purify Soakes, lizards, snails, and divers other insects latitant Fr. Clere-voyes,-lattices, or secret holes to spie

with water. E355 months in the year, being cold creatures, containing out at; cross-barred (of wood or iron) through And laveth hem in the lavendrie.-Piers Plouhman, p.281. i teak heat in a crass or copious humidity, do long subsist

which one may see and not be seen, (Cotgrave.) Täbout nutrition.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 21.

Basins, laroures or that men hem bie,

Spones, stooles, and all swich husbondrie.
It cannot be denied it (the chameleon) is (if not most of
Lettice-caps; Fr. Lassis,-in chequer or net-

Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 5869. 23' e very abstemious animal, and such as by reason of its work.

The aulter of incense, the brazen lauer, the anoyntinge tradity, paucity of blood, and latitancy in the winter (about which time the observations are often made) will long

For out of the wyndowe of my house I loked thorow the oyle.Bible, 1551. Exodus, c. 30. sa waist without a visible sustentation.-Id. Ib. lettesse.Bible, 1551. Prouerbes, c. 7.

And in the foure corners were vndersetters vnder the LATITUDE.

Fr. Latitude; It. La

I know that Alexander was adorned with most excellent lauatorye.--Bible, 1551. 3 Kings, c. 7.

vertues, and hurt with very few known vices. For therein LATITUDINA'RIAN, adj. titudine ; Sp. Latitud ; it seemeth he hath latticed up Cæsar, and many others of

To the end that we shoulde not thynke to bee sufficient, LATITUDINA'RIAN, n. Lat. Latitudo, from la- the chiefest in the Greek and Roman history.

that all our synnes haue been forgeuen vs through the LATITUDINA'RIANISM.

North. Plutarch, p. 621.

lauacre of baptisme. -Udal. Luke, c. 4. (the initial , cut off.)

Holding a latlis still before his face,

His ears hang laring like a new lugg'd swine.
Through which he still did peep as forward he did pace.

Bp. Hall, b. iv. Sat. 1. Breadth; applied generally to extent, or ex

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 11.

But as I rose out of the laring stream, tergiveness ; (met.) without restriction or con

of old time our countrie houses in steed of glasse did vse Heaven open'd her eternal doors, from whence igament, or limitation ; looseness, laxity.

much lallise, and that made either of wicker or fine rifts of The Spirit descended on me like a dove. The thirde partye shal containe diuers tables of longitudes oke in checkerwise.--Holinshed. Desc. of Eng. b. ii. c. 12.

Milton. Paradise Regained, b. i. and scades of starres, fixe in the astrolabie.

Phy. Bring in the lettice cap; you must be shaved, sir.

Let us go find the body where it lies
Chaucer. The Astrolabie,
Beaum. & Fletch. Monsieur Thomas, Act ili, sc. 1.

Sok't in his enemies' blood, and from the stream

With lavers pure and cleansing herbs wash off This island (which Tacitus mistaketh no doubt for Mona The cornea of flies, wasps, &c. are so common an enter- The clotted gore.

Id. Samson Agonistes. Czars, and so doth Ptolornie as appeareth by his latitudes)

tainment with the microscope, that every body knows it is Lid about two miles from the shore of North Wales. a curious piece of lattice-work.

The Cardinal's carriage exceeded all bounds of moderaHolinshed. Description of Britaine, c. 10.

Derham. Physico-Theology, b. viii. c. 3. Note 1. tion ; for when he said mass, he made Dukes and Earls to Those who did not carry this so far as to thiuk, as some

-O'er their heads

serve him of wine, with a say taken, and to hold the bason rd they did, that the church was to be pulled down; yet Huge alders weave their canopies, and shed

at the lavatory.-Baker. Hen. VIII. an. 1518. zd, a stirsdiaarian party was like to prevail and to engross Disparted moonlight through the latticed boughs.

Such filthy stuffe was by loose lewd varlets sung before bermeats.-Burnet.' Own Time, an. 1689.

Glover. The Athenaid, b. xxvii. her (Berecynthia) charet on the solemne day of her lavation. These supplied

Hakewill. Apologie, b. iv. c. 1. &. 7. He Wilkins) was look'd upon as the head of the latitudi

Of texture firm a lattice-work, that brac'd serias, as they were then stiled: i. e. persons that had no

The left presents a place of graves,

The new machine, and it became a chair. e üking for the liturgy or ceremonies, or indeed the

Whose wall the silent water laves.

Cowper. Task, b. i. sererazent of this church, but yet had attained to such a

Parnell. A Night Piece. On Death ness and freedom of judgment, as that they could con- LAUD, v.

Fr. Los ; It. Laude; Sp.

Young Aretus from forth his bridal bower bo' without any warmth or affection for these things.

LAUD, n.

Lat. Laus, which Brought the full laver, o'er their hands to pour.
Birch. Life of Tillolson.

Tooke considers to be the

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. iii. The astion was less governed by laws than by customs, LA'UDABLY. A. S. Hlios, past part. of admitted a great latitude of interpretation.

LAVE, v. (lade.) To draw out, (Lye.) And,
La'UDATIVE, n. Hlis-an, celebrare, to cele- Mr. Tyrwhite says, “ Laved, past part. Fr.-
Aume. History of England, vol. i. App. I.
LA'UDATORY, adj. brate. See Los.

drawn, spoken of water taken out of a well.” Ze Jortin) was a lover of truth, without hovering over La'UDATORY, n. To celebrate,-the deeds, se posay abyss of scepticism; and a friend to free enquiry: the great or good qualities, the merits of any

(Orpheus) songe in wepinge, all that euer he had receiued ret röving into the dreary and pathless wilds of lati

and laued out of the noble welles of his mother Caliope tho marianiss.Dr. Part. Tracts by a Warburtonian. person or thing; to praise, to commend.

goddesse.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. iii.

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Nor shall thy fate. 8 Rome,
To make the weeper laugh, the laugher weep,

And this effeminate love of a woman, doth so womanize a Resist my vow. Though hills were set on hills,

He had the dialect and different skill.

man, that, if he yield to it, it will not only make him an And seas met seas, to guard thee: I would through ;

Shakespeare, A Louer's Complaint. Amazon, but a launder, a distaff, a spinner, or whatsoever I, plough up rocks, steep as the Alpes, in dust;

other vile occupation their idle heads can imagine, and

Thou pow'r that rul'st the confines of the night,
And late the Tyrrhene waters, into clouds,
But I would reach thy head, thy head, proud city.

Laughter-lor'ng goddess, worldly pleasure's queen,

their weak hands perform.-Sidney. Arcadia, b. i.
B. Jonson. Catiline, Act i. sc. 1.
Intenerate that heart that sets so light.-Daniel, Son. 10. ont did she heave her napkin to her eyne,

Which on it had conceited characters,
Some stow their oars, or stop the leaky sides,
To compass this, his building is a town,

Laund'ring the silken figures in the brine
Another, bolder yet, the yard bestrides,
His pond an ocean, his parterre a down:

That season'd woe had pelleted in tears.
And folds the sails; a fourth, with labor, laves
Who but must laugh, the master when he sees,

Shakespeare. A Lover's Complaint. Th' intruding seas, and waves ejects on waves.

A puny insect, shivering at a breeze.
Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. x.

Pope. Moral Essays, Epis. 5.

I, and, (perhaps) thy neck

Within a noose, for laundring gold, and barbing it. The watch-dog's voice that bay'd the whisp'ring wind,

B. Jonson. The Alchymist, Act i. se 1 LAVE'ER. Dut. Laveren, læveren ; to go in And the loud laugh that spoke the vacant mind. an oblique course, to sail obliquely, to catch the

Goldsmith. The Deserted Village.

or ladies, chamberers, and launderers, there were aboue

three hundred at the least.--- Holinshed. Rich. II. an. 1399. wind at sea in oblique directions, (Skinner.) See Between the laughers and the envious, the book was To Veer. much ridiculed.-Walpole. Anec. of Painting, vol. iv. c. 1.

About the sixteenth yeere of the queene, began the

making of steele poking-sticks, and untill that time all I heard a grave and austere clerk,

He tells us Philemon was suffocated by a sudden fit of laundresses vsed setting stickes, made of wood, or bone. Resolv'd him pilot both and bark; laughter upon seeing an ass, who found his way into the

Stow. King James, an. 1086. That like the fam'd ship of Trever, house, devour a plate of figs, which his page had provided

It [his beard) does your visage more adorn, Did on the shore himself laver.-Lovelace. Lucasta, pt. ii. for him.-Observer, No. 151.

Than if 'twere prund, and starch'd, and landered.

Hudibras, pt. ii. c. 1. How easy 'ris, when Destiny proves kind,

LAVISH, v. To lave, (Lye,) is to draw With full spread sails to run before the wind !

LA'vish, adj. out or exhaust; and hence

There (the kitchen) the grand affairs of the family ought

to be consulted; whether they concern the stable, the dairy, But those that 'gainst stiff gales lareering go,

LA'VISHER. lavish appears to be formed.

the pantry, the laundry, the celler, the nursery, the diningMust be at once resolv'd and skilful too.

Dryden. Astræa Redux.

LAVISHLY. See the quotations from Sir room, or my lady's chamber.-Swift. Directions to Serranis.
LA VISHMENT. T. More and Brende.

Myself, in youth's more joyous reign,
LAVE'NDER. Fr. Lavande; It. Lavanda ;

LA'VISHNESS. To throw out or away pro- My laundress held in pleasing chain. Sp. Lavandula ; Low Lat. Lavandula, or laven- fusely, wastefully, prodigally; to waste, to squander,

Hamilton. Horace, b. ii. Ode 4. dula, a word unknown to Pliny and other ancient to dissipate, to disperse, wastefully, or profusely. LAUREATE, v. It. Laureato; Sp. Lauwriters, but Latin in its origin, (sc. lavare, In al other thing so light and laves [are they] of their LA'UREATE, n.

rear, laureado, from the to wash,) for it is so called because it is much tonge.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 250.

La'UREATE, adj. Lat. Laurus, a bay; the sought for in bathing and washing, (Vossius, de This was a goodly discipline yt the kinges there had of LACREATION,

modern aurel is a very Vit. lib. iii. c. 18.) olde time vsed amongst their subiects, in punishing with LA'UREL, n.

different plant.
losse of life the lauesnes of ye toung, which is ther more LA'URELLED.
Here's flowres for you ;
greuously chastised then any other cryme.

To adorn, to deck, to Hot lauender, mints, sauory marjorum.

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 67.

crown with laurel.
Shakespeare. Winter's Tale, Act iv. sc. 3.

Min herte and all my limmes ben as grene,
A certayne manne (qh, he) goyng farre from home, called

As laurer thurgh the yere is for to sene.
LAUGH, v. Goth. Hlah-yan ; A. S. Hlihan, bus seruauntes, and deliuered them hys goodes, not to spend

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9339 them, lauyshe them out prodygally for theyr own pleasure, LAUGH, Th. hlihhan; Dut. Lacchen ; Ger.

but to get some aduauntage therefore to theyr mayster, of To Rome again repareth Julius LA'UGHABLE.

Lachen; Sw. Lee. Generally whom they had receyued the stocke.- Udal. Matt. c. 25. With his triumphe laureat ful hie. La'ugher. supposed to be formed from

Id. The Nonnes Preesles Tale, v. 14,614. Athough some lauishe lippes, which like some other best, LA'UGHING, N. the sound. Wyll saye the blemishe on hir browe disgraceth all the

And what rewarde? not a crowne of oak or laurell.

Udal. Matthew, c. 5 LAUGHINGLY. To laugh at; to deride, to rest.—Gascoigne. In Prayse of Lady Sandes.

There will I build him LAUGHTER. ridicule; to treat with merri.

Be not ye niggish, & slouthfull distributours of the doc- A monument, and plant it round with shade ment, with derision, contempt, or scorn. tryne that I gave you, but put it fourth lanishly.

Or laurei evergreen, and branching palm. To laugh, (met.)—to be, or appear, cheerful,

Udal. Marke, c. 3.

Milton. Samson Agonistes. There lavish Nature, in her best attire, pleasant, benevolent, favourable, propitious, bene

Bid amaranthus all his beauty shed,

Powres forth sweete odors and alluring sights. ficent, fertile.

And daffadillies fill their cups with tears,
Spenser. Muiopotmos.

And strow the laureat herse where Lycid lies.
The kyng somdel to lyghe tho he herde this tale.
And the much blood he larishly had shed,

Id. Lycidas.
R. Gloucester, p. 146. A desolation on the land to bring.

Whose statues wand'ring twine

Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b.v. Of ivy mix'd with bays, circling around
Lauhunge al a loude. for lewde unen sholde
When that ich were witty.

Their living temples likewise laurel-bound.
Piers Plouhman, p. 88.

Ah, happy realm the while
That by no officer's lewd lavishment,

Bp. Hall, b. i. Sat, I.
Woo to you that now leyghen for ye schulen mourne and
With greedy lust and wrong, consumed art.

A famous assembly was summond of late : wepe.-Wiclif. Luke, c.6.

P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c. 6. To crown a new laureat, came Phæbus in state;
First got with guile, and then preserv'd with dread,

With all thai Montfaucon himself could desire,
Youre leighing be turned into weping, and ioie into

And after spent with pride and lavishness.

His bow, laurel, harp, and abundance of fire. sorewe of herte.-Id. James, c. 4.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 7.

Sheffield. The Election of Poet Laureat in 1719. The folk gan laughen at his fantasie. The magistrate upon theatricall games, jesters, wrestlers,

Their temples wreath'd with leaves that still renew;

For deathless laurel is the victor's due.
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 3838.

sword-players, and such kinde of men, lavishes out his
whole patrimony, and that onely to purchas the applause of

Dryden. The Flower and the Leaf. And gan his best yapes forth to cast, the people.-Hakewill. Apologie, b. iv. s. 3.

"Just is your suit, fair daughter," said the dame :
And made her for to laugh at his follie,
That she for laughter wente to die.-Id. Troil. & Cres. b.ii.
Tertullian very truly observeth,-God is not a lavisher,

“Those laureľd chiefs were men of mighty fame."

Id. Ib. but a dispenser of his blessings.

Or laurell'd war did teach our winged fleets And Sara sayd: God hath made me a laughing-stocke ;

Fotherby. Atheomania, p. 189.

To lord it o'er the world. Smart. The Hop-Garden. for all that heare, will laughe at me.-Bible, 1551, Gen.c. 21. There God himself in glorys lavishness

In this reign, the first mention of the king's poet under Diffus'd in all, to all, is all full blessedness.

the appellation of laureate. occurs. John Kay was appointed And when he came vp, he told Maiester Bradford (for

P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c. 5. they both lay in one chamber) that he hadde made the

poet laureate to Edward IV. Bishop of London afraid : for (saith he laughingly) his chapFor if time be (as Theophrastus called it truely) a thing of

Warton. History of English Poetry, vol. ii. p. 128. laine gaue him councaile nat to strike me with his crosier the most precious value (or expence) it were a great folly to

About the year 1470, one John Watson, a student in stafle, for that I would strike again: and by my troth (said lavish it away unprofitably.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 15.

grammar, obtained a concession to be graduated and larhe rubbing his handes) I made him beleeue I would do so

Not all the larish odours of the place

realed in that science.--Id. Ib.


129. indeed.--I'or. Martyrs, p. 1385. Life & Acts of Dr. Taylor.

Offer'd in incense can procure his pardon,

On which occasion (i.e. taking degrees in grammar) a I may therefore conclude, that the passion of laughter is

Or mitigate his doom.

Blair. The Grace.

wreath of laurel was presented to the new graduate, who nothing else but sudden glory arising from a sudden concep

These These wounds that waste so lavishly thy life,

was afterwards, usually styled poeta laureatus. tion of some eminency in ourselves, by comparison with the

Were they not all receiv'd in my defence ?

scholastic laureations however seem to have given rise to infirmity of others, or with our own formerly : for men laugh

Smollett. The Regicide, Act v. sc. 8.

the appellation in question.-Id. Ib.
at the follies of themselves past, when they come suddenly
to remembrance, except they bring with them any present


A. S. Lag-a, lah ;

From Lav-are, to wash. dishonour.--Hobbs. Human Nature, c. 9.

La'wput. Lauwe; Ger. Lage; Sw. Lag; LA'VENDER, or Fr. Lavandière ; It. Lavan

LA'WFULLY. Laughing without offence must be at absurdities and in- LA'UNDER, n.

Fr. Loy; _It. Legge ; daja ; Sp. Lavandera,

LA'WFULNESS. Ley; Lat. Ler; A. S. Lahman, firmities abstracted from persons, and when all the company LA'UNDERER. laundress or washerwoman; may laugh together : for laughing to one's self putteth all


LA'UNDRESS. the rest into jealousy and examining of themselves.-Id. Ib.

and so Mr. Tyrwhitt inter

a lawyer; anciently written

LA'WLESSLY. Law-er and law -ier, prets lavender ; the word in Dante is Meretrice ;

La'WLESSNESS. the i then changed into y. Nature hath fram'd strange fellowes in her time.

Sp. Lavandero, a launder, or washerman. Some that will euermore peep through their eyes,

LA'wer, or (Hickes, Gram. Anglo- Sar. To launder,—is to lave, to wash. And laugh like parrits at a bag-piper;

LA'WYER. p. 14.) In Bale it is written And other of such vinegar aspect, Envie is larender of the court alwaie,


(Image, pt. ii. That they'll not shew their teeth in the way of smile, For she ne parteth neither night ne day,

Though Nestor sweare the iest be laughable.

c. 12.) So Sawer, or
Out of the house of Cesar, thus saith Dant.
Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, Act i. sc. 1.

Chaucer. Legende of Good Women, Prol. yer. Law (says Tooke) was anciently written





each way.


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Laugh, lagh, lage, and ley; as inlaugh, utlage,

Feare not: he berres an honourable minde,

Loe from the hill above on th' other side,
kundred-lagh, &c. It is merely the past tense

And will not vse a woman lawlesly.

Through the wide lawnds, they gan to take their course.
and past part. Lag, or læg, of the Goth. and
Shakespeare. Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act 1. sc. 3.

Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.
A. S. verb. Lagyan, lecgan, ponere, and it means

How lawlessly vicious are the lives of too many, which He [Sir John Chandos) lost the sight [of ye one eye) a fyue
(something or any thing, chose, chosa, aliquid,)

might have been, in all likelihood, somewhat restrained. yere before, as he hunted after an hart in the laundes of

Bp. Hall, Imposicion of Hands, s. 14. Burdeaux.-Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. I. c. 270.
kan down, as a rule of conduct." Wachter had

Gluttonie, malice, pride and covetize,
already said, “ All from Leg-en, ponere, statuere,

Sink. Vnder this thick growne brake, wee'l shrow'd
And lawlessnes raigning with riotize.

constituere, (in the judgment of Stiernhielmus ;)

Spenser. Mother Hubberd's Tale.

For through this laund anon the deere will come.
for what is law, but something laid down or im- To affirm the giving of any law or lawlike dispense to sin

Shakespeare. 1 Pt. Hen. VI. Act iii. sc. I
posed either by God or nature, or of a people for hardness of heart, is a doctrine of extravagance from the The buck forsakes the lawns where he hath fed,
binding themselves, or of a prince_ governing a

sage principles of piety.-Millon. Doct. of Divorce, b. ii. c.7. Fearing the hunt should view his velvet head.
people ?"— Tooke adds,—The Lat. Lex (i. e. legs) To which and other law-tractates I refer the more lawyerly

Draylon. Pastorals, Ecl. 1.
is no other than our past part. Læg. Wachter, If mooting of this point which is neither my element, nor my Thro' forrests, mountains, or the lawny ground
we think the Latin word (sc. ler) flowed from the proper work here.—Id. An Answer to Eikon Basilike. If 't happ you see a maid weepe forth her woe,

As I have done; oh! bid her, as ye goe,
same fountain, we shall wander far—nec a sensu The rules that they make for other men's actions, must,

Not lavish tears.-Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b.ii. s. I.
Focis, nec a ratione temporis ; since Scythian

as well as their own, and other men's actions, be conformable

to the law of nature, i.e. to the will of God, of which that is
words are far more ancient than the Latin, and

Stern beasts in trains that by his truncheon fell,
a declaration, and the fundamental law of nature being the Now grisly forms, shoot o'er the lawns of hell.
increased the Latin language with many additions. Preservation of mankind, no human sanction can be good,

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xi.
Aoy thing laid down, (sc.) as a rule of action; or valid against it.

Close was the vale and shady; yet ere long
a rule imposed, fixed or established, decreed or

Locke. On Civil Government, 'b. ii. c. 11. s. 135.

Its forest's sides retiring, left a lawn
determined; a statute or decree, an edict. And The king answered, “No put-offs my lord ; anewer me

Of ample circuit, where the widening stream
e, “I think it is lawful for

Now o'er its pebbled channel nimbly trips
see, further, the quotations from Hooker and presently:"-" Then sir.” said
Dugald Stewart.

you to take my brother Neale's money; for he offers it." In many a lucid maze.—Mason. English Garden, b. iii.
Johnson. Life of Waller.

- They, along
Loring of dogs,—see the quotation from Rastal,

If God's word be there [1 Tim. iv. 5.) taken for his law, The lawny vale, of every beauteous stone,
and ExpediTATE. Lawing is used by Sir T. More or revealed will, it is there signified, that our actions are

Pile in the roseat air with fond expense.
and Holinshed as equivalent to litigation.
sanctified by their lawfulness, or conformity to that good

Dyer. The Ruins of Rome.
rule, God's declared will.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 1.
Lares he (Alfred) made rygtuollore, and strengore than

LAX, adj.

Fr. Laxatif, (lascher, to
er were.
R. Gloucester, p. 266. Were he a tyrant, who by lawless might

Lax, or

loose ;) It. Lassativo; Sp.
Oppress'd the Jews, and rais'd the Jebusite,
A ran I salle the make, richely for to lyue,

LASK, n.

Laxativo; Lat. Laxativus,
Well might I mourn. Dryden. Absalom & A hitophel.
07 my chefe justise, the lawes to mend and right.

Laxa'tion. from lax-are, to loose. The
R. Brunne, p. 69. These faculties and principles are the general laros of our La'xative, adj. lar, or laske, (as Holland
- That lyuen with here handes

constitution, and hold the same place in the philosophy of LA'xative, n. writes it,) Minshew terms,-
Leelythe and lavefullethe. Piers Plouhman, p. 150.

the mind that the general laws we investigate ir. physics,
hold in that branch of science.


laritas intestinorum. Cot-
The heereris of late ben not iust anentis God, but the

Stewart. The Human Mind, pt. 1 Introd.


grave explains—lazité laxa.
doen of the lace schulen be maad iuste.-Wiclif. Rom. c. 2.

tiveness. Lax, the adj.--

As the freeholders were found ignorant of the intricate
Lo thi diseiplis don that thing that is not leeful to hem to principles and forms of the new law, the lawyers gradually

Loose, slack, untied, unfastened, uncoustrained,
da is sabotis.-ld. Matt. c. 12.

brought all business before the king's judges, and aban. unrestricted, dissolute.

doned the ancient popular judicature.
Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do

Hume. History of England, vol. ii. App. 2.

"A day or two ye shul han digestives
Tea the sabboth daye.--Bible, 1551. Ib.

Of wormes, or ye take your laxatives."
LAWN, From the Fr. Linon. (See LINEN.)

Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14,868.
And we witen that the law is good if ony man use it lawe-
flä-Wiclif. I Tym. c. 1.

Lawny. ) Cotgrave calls it, and Linomple,-“á “Now, sire," quod she," when we flee fro the beames,

thin, open-waled linnen, much used in For Goddes love, as take some laxatif."-Id. Ib. v.14,950.
We know that the law is good, yf a man vse it lawfullye. Picardie, (where it is made) for women's kerchers If the juice thereof (garden skirwort] be drunke with

Bible, 1551. Ib.
Tele I prey,
and church-men's surplices.”

goat's milke, it stayeth the flux of the belly called the laske.

Holland. Plinie, b. xx. c. 5.
1' there be leful any weye,,

The next to it in goodnesse, is the line called Byssus :
itboute sinne a man maie slea!-Gower. Con. A. b. iii.
the fine lawne or tiffanie wherof our wives and dames at

Mean while inhabit laxe, ye Powers of Heav'n.
home set so much store by for to trim and decke themselves :

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vii.
Earytie, latyng, emulacion and stryfe.
Sir T More. Workcs, p. 700.
it groweth in Achaia within the territorie about Elis.

So all I wish must settle in this sum

Holland. Plinie, b. xix. c. 1. That more strength from laxations come.
The Lorde shaibe oure lawe-geuer.Bible, 1551. Isay, c.33. In the third yeare of the raigne of Queene Elizabeth,

Cartwright. A New-Year's Gift to a Noble Lord.
But then goeth he furth and sheweth vs a solemne pro- 1562, beganne the knowledge and wearing of lawne, and Is it imaginable there should be among these a law which
cesse that God & necessitie is laveles.

cambrick, which was then brought into England by very God allow'd not, a law giving permissions laxative to un-
Sir T. More. Workes, p. 428. small quantities.-Slow. King James, an. 1604.

marry a wife and marry a lust, a law to suffer a kind of
Let not my verse your lawlike minds displease.

tribunal adultery?- Milton. Tetrachordon.
It was an angry with her lawny veil,
Gascoigne. The Fruits of Warre.
That from his sight it enviously should hide her.

The vehicle of water and hony, is of a laxative power
As though I had condempned the lawemaker, lawe, and

Drayton. Moses his Birth and Miracles, b. i. itself.--- Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 3.
Oration thereof.Barnes. Workes, p. 207.

That undeflour'd and unblemishable simplicity of the

If sometimes it cause any laxity it is in the same way
Lsrets bauyage greate desyr to confyrme and establyshe Gospel-not she herself, for that would never be, but a false-

with iron unprepared, which will disturb some bodies, and
whited, a lawny resemblance of her.
tert opinions by the lawe of man, say, that it is shame to

work by purge and vomit.-Id. 16. b. ii. c. 3.

Milion. Reason of Church Government, b. ii. c. 3.
wake without lake.-Bible, 1551. Esdras, Pref.

Those limbs, in lawn, and softest silk array'd,

The flesh of that sort of fish being lax, and spungy, and
And he whose dogge is not lawed and so founde, shalbe

From sun-beams guarded, and of winds afraid,

nothing so firm, solid and weighty as that of the bony fishes.
Beroud, and shall pay for the same iiis.

Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii.
Can they bear angry Jove? can they resist
Bsstall. Collect. of Statutes, fol. 186. Charta de Forestd.
The parching Dog-star, and the bleak North-East ?

Rye is more acid, laxative, and less nourishing than

Prior. Edwin & Emma. wheat.--Arbuthnot. Nature of Aliments, c. 3. Prop. 4.
And much lawing shalbe done by the assise commonly
ted: tbst is to say, that iii. clawes of the forefoote shall bee The lawn-rob'd prelate and plain presbyter,
by the skin.-Id. Ib. c. 4. fol. 185.
Ere-while that stood aloof, as shy to meet,

Whence there ariseth a laxity and indigestion in the
Familiar mingle here, like sister streams

wound.--Wiseman. Surgery, b. vi. c. 5.
och a new hart and lusty courage ynto the lawward canst
That some rude interposing rock had split.

The word sternus itself is sometimes of a law significa-
"hen neuer coine by of thine owne strength & enforcement,

Blair. The Grace.

tion, as every learned man knows, and sedet, aternumque
by the operation and workyng of the Spirite.
Tyndall. Workes, p. 40. LAWND, or

“ Fr. Lande. A land, or laund;

sedebil, may mean; as long as he remains in Tartarus.

Jorlin. On the Christian Religion, Dis. 6.

a wild untilled, shrubby, or
That which doth assign unto each thing the kinde, that

For the free passage of the sound into the ear, it is requi-
w doth moderate the force and power, that which doth

bushy plain,” (Cotgrave.) It.

site that the tympanum be tense, and hard stretched ,
pist the forme and measure of working, the same we


and Sp. Landa. Camden calls otherwise, the laxness of that membrane will certainly dead
me a law-Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. i. $ 2.
it—“a plaine among trees,” (Rem. 118.)

and crany the sound.-Holder. Elements of Speech.
There was such larring & vexation in the towns, one dailie, pears to ve been applied generally to-

LAY, n.

Mr. Tyrwhitt is inclined to believe,
En æd treabling another, that the veterane was more Plain land ; lands untilled, extending between

“that the Isl. Liod, Ger. Lied, A. S. Leoth, and
bed with lawing within the towne, than he was in planted lands or woods.

Fr. Lai, are all to be deduced from the same
Deze at Large with the enimie.
Holinshea. Conquest of Ireland, b. ii. ( 33. And under lynde in a launde. lenede ich a stounde Goth. original.” Wachter leads us to this original;
To lithen here laies, and here loveliche notes.

be derives the Ger. Lied from the verb, “ Lauten,
This ( judicial trial of right) yet remains in some cases as

Piers Plouhman, p. 169.

canere, sonare;
advice lot of battle, though, controverted by divines,

Dut. Luiden; Sw. Liuda ;"
ching the lawfulnes of it.-Bacon. Charge against Duels. And in a lande as ich lay. Id. p. 1.

which are themselves from the A. S. Hlyd-an, to
And through a laund as I yede a pace.

make a (loud) noise, to low or bellow, A. S.
I! be evil, this is the very end of laugiving, to abolish

Chaucer. The complaint of the Black Knight. Hlowan, from which is also formed hleoth-rian,
ET] Customs by wholesome laws.-Milton. Tetrachordon.

All softe walkende on the gras

canere. And leoth (the initial h omitted) is said
And wrong repressed, and establisht right,

Tyll she came where the launde was.

by Somner to be not only a verse, a song, a song
Wich lasless men had formerly fordogne.

Through whiche there ran a great riuere.
Spenzer. Faerie Qušene, b. 7. c. 1

Gower. Con. A. b. iv. of rejoicing, an ode or psalm, but a shout or noise;


It ap-

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