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Dictionary of the English Language,

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COMBINING EXPLANATION WITH ETYMOLOGY :
AND ILLUSTRATED BY QUOTATIONS FROM THE

BEST AUTHORITIES.

The Words—with those of the same family, in German, Dutch and
Swedish, or in Italian, French and Spanish,-

are traced to their Origin.

The Explanations are deduced from the primitive Meaning through

the various Usages.
The Quotations are arranged Chronologically from the earliest

period to the beginning of the present century.

BY CHARLES RICHARDSON, LL. D.

VOLUME THE SECOND.

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LONDON:
BELL AND DALDY, FLEET STREET.

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L.

LA'BIAL, adj. } It. Labbro, labio; the lip:

the lips.

carimination.

- I am no labbe, Nt though I say it, I n' am not lefe to gabbe.

Lat. Labium ; Fr. Lèvre ; I sente you to repe that whereon ye bestowed no labour LA'Bial, n.

other mē labuured, & ye are entred into their labours.

Bible, 1551. John, c. 4.
That may be, that are, (formed by, spoken by)
L is called by B. Jonson a letter half-vowelish,

Dead be thei, that liue not to God, and in the space of

this temporall death laboriously purchase themself eternall which though the Italians (especially the Floren

The Hebrews have been diligent in it, and have assigned, death.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 16.
Pres) abhor, we keep entire with the Latins, and

which letters are labiall, which dentall, which gutturall.

Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 198. With wery trauel, and with laborous paines
5o pronounce. It is not used (says Wilkins) by

Alwaies in trouble and in tediousness.
the Brasileans, nor the men of Japan: others style lips. --Wilkins. Real Character, pt. iii. c. 14.
The labials are represented by two curve figures for the

Wyatt. Complaint vpon Loue, &c. it the sweetest of all letters. It melteth (B. Jon

He (Julius Cæsar] labourously and studiously discussed son adds) in the sounding, and is therefore called dental.-Holder. Elements of Speecin

P and B are labial: Ph and Bh, or F and V. are labio- controversies.-Sir T. Elyot. The Governovr, b. iii. c. 10. a liquid, the tongue striking the root of the palate gerily; Wilkins,—the top of the tongue striking

There is greater store growing in the tops of the mounagainst the foremost part of the palate. It unites

LA'BILE. Lat. Labi, to fall or fail. See tains then below in the valleis : but it is wonderfull labourTery easily with C and G in pronunciation, as in

LABILITY.
LAPSE.

some and also dangerous traueiling op vnto them and downe

againe, by reason of the height and steepenesse of the hilles. (bach, Gloom, (qqv.) It is doubled, where the

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 824. But sensibility and intelligence, being by their nature and Pewel sounds hard upon it; with no necessity : essence free must be labile, and by their lability may actually

Adam, well may we labour still to dress tuless a syllable follow which may require the conlapse, degenerat, and by habit acquire a second nature,

This garden, still to tend plant, herb and flower, talance of its sound; as in kil-ling, fil-ling, wil-ling.

Cheyne. On Regimen, Dis. 5.

Our pleasant task enjoyn'd; but till more hands

Aid us, the work under our labor grows,
LAB. “I am no lab;” i.e. no be-lab, or blab;
LA'BOUR, v. Fr. Labourer; It. Lavo-

Luxurious by restraint.--Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ix. Dit. Labberen. (See Blab.) Consequentially,

LA'BOUR, n.

rare; Sp. Laborear ; Lat. To pour forth from the lips whatever occurs to

LA'BOURER. Laborare; (of uncertain ety- When down he came like an old o'ergrown oak, 3; to tell all that we think or know; to prate or LABO'rious.

His huge root hewn up by the labourer's stroke. mology.) Scheidius thinks

Drayton. David & Goliah. has thoughtlessly, carelessly, without reserve or LABO'RIOUSLY. from Λαβ-ειν, whence ελα

Who but felt of late,
LABORIOUSNESS.
Bov, used as the 20 Aor. of

When the fierce foe hung on our brok'n rear
LABOʻRANT.
auBav-eiv, to take, to seize.

Insulting, and pursu'd us through the deep,
LABORATORY. Dixerunt (he adds) Raubav- With what compulsion and laborious flight
LA'BOURLESS.

We sank thus low.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii.
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 8505,

ELV Epyov, arripere opus :
LA'BOUROUS.
unde notio operis, s. laboris.

Besides, the king set in a course so right,
LA'BOUROUSLY.
To work hard; to work

Which I for him laboriously had tract.
Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,301. to bear up against or support, or sustain with
LA'boursome. with difficulty or diligence;

Drayton. Legend of Thomas Cromwell. LA'BEL, 1. Fr. “ Lambeau, a shread, rag, diligence, with difficulty, with pain; to exert, to

And forget

Your laboursome and dainty trimmes, wherein
Labels persist, pursue, or prosecute with care or dili- You made great Juno angry.
Lagre downe on garlands or crownes, a labando gence, pain or difficulty ; to do any thing with
Claring downe," (Minshew.) Skinner prefers exertion or effort.

Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act iii. sc. 4.
I sing the conqueror of the universe.

What can an author after this produce ?
To Frankis & Normanz, for thar grete laboure.

The labouring mountain must bring forth a mouse.
R. Brunne, p. 72.

Dryden. The Art of Poetry.
Cometh now quath Conscience, ge cristyne, and dyneth

Then we caused the laborant with an iron rod dexterously That han labered leely. at this Lente tyme.

to stir the kindled part of the nitre. Piers Plouhman, p. 386.

Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 604.
And right anon he changed his aray,

For thankless Greece such hardships have I brav'd,
And clad him as a poure labourer.

Her wives, her infants, by my labours sav'd;
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1411.

Long, sleepless nights in heavy arms I stood,
My lord is hard to me and dangerous,

And sweat laborious days in dust and blood.

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. is.
And min office is ful laborious.
Id. The Freres Tale, v. 7009.

Laboriousness shuts the doors and stops all the avenues of
It maketh me drawe oute of the waie

the mind, whereby a temptation would enter, and (which is In soleyn place by my selfe,

yet more) leaves no void room for it to dwell there, if by any As doth a laborer to delfe. Gower. Con. A. b. iv. accident it should chance to creep in.-South, vol. vi. Ser.10. If thou wilt here

Whence labour or pain is commonly reckoned an ingreOf hem, that whilom vertuous

dient of industry; and laboriousness is a name signifying it. Were, and therto laborious. Id. Ib

Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 18.

7 M 1185

I have a wif, though that she poure be ;
But of hire tongue a labbing shrewe is she.

La'iil, t. for small piece of stuff.

Orer

. Lapp. See Lap. Any thing falling or depending, suspended or anded; a name, title or description, appended,

ties now used,) otherwise affixed. Taste thou a labell, that is shapen like a rule, saue s strait and hath no plates on either ende.

Chaucer, The Astrolabie. to my beautie) shalbe inuentoried and euery particle and wielobelid to my will.

Shakespeare. Twelfth Night, Act i. sc. 5. id Sir William said on his oth in the tenth yeare of Chebath, that before the times of Edward the third,

three points was the different appropriat and Teant for the cognizance of the next heire.

Holinshed. Rich, II. an. 1390. til the subtlest of their conjurors up the labels to his soul-his ears.

Buller. On the Licentious Age of Charles II.

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