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to Firk, to beat. He. 4, 4.
Fist, hand clenched with the fingers doubled
down. He. 2, 1. 4, 1. Sax. fyst, oldgerm.
Faunst, kin to the gr. pyx, and to fight.
Fit, paroxysm of humour. TC. 3, 1. Cy. 1, 4.
where fits and stirs. From the gr. petō, petaō,
ptemi-ptēxis. Fit of the face, grimace,
affected turn of the countenance. h. 1, 3.
From fait, kin to feature.
Fitchew, fitchat, fitchet, polecat. TC. 5, 1.
0.4, 1. KL. 4, 6. From the gr. iktis.
Fitment, equipment, dress. Cy. 5, 5.
Fives, or vives (fr. avives) a disease in horse.
TS. 3, 2.
Flaunts, fineries, gay attire. WT. 4, 3. Kin to the gr. plaō, blaō, phlaō, phloidaō. cf. blade.
Flaw, crack; fragment. KL. 2, 4. sudden gust of violent wind. aHd. 4, 4. bHf. 3, 1. But MM. 3, 1. read flames with Warburton. Sax. floh; Kiu to the lat. flare, gr. phlaō, of which a variety is thlaō, thraō, to break, to burst out. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 157.
Five for one. T. 3, 8. money interest. In the age of travelling it was a practice with those, who engaged in long and hazardous expeditions, to place out a sum of money, on condition of receiving great interest for it at their return home.
Firure, fixture, fixedness, that by which any
thing is fixed. WT. 5, 3. TC. 1, 3.
Flagon, flask, wh. s. H. 5, 1.
Flags, banners, colours. Rc. 4, 4. KJ. 2, 1.
Kin to flack, flacker, slack, slatch, flicker.
Flail, instrument for threshing. cHj. 2, 1.
From the gr. plesso, aor. eplugen, like the
germ. Flegel, flagellum, fr. fléau, lat. infli-
Flake, spark, any thing loosely held together.
KL. 4, 7. Kin to the lat. floccus, gr. phlox,
phlaō, blaō, phlegō, perhaps plax.
Flaky, striped, stripy, streaked, by layers,
by rows. Rc. 5, 8.
Flannel, a ridiculous expression for a Welchman, because Wales is famous for the manufacture of that soft nappy stuff of wool. MW. 5, 4. Kin to the lat. Lana, gr. chlanos, lachně.
Flapdragon, a small combustible body, set
on fire, and put a sloat in a glass of liquor.
The toper's dexterity was proved by being able
to swallow it flaming unhurt. Raisins in hot to
brandy were the commonest flapdragons. LL.
5, 1. bHd. 2, 4. S. Gifford's Ben Jonson H,
380. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 457. Flap is kin
to the gr. laptō, laō, lauō, labō, lambō, la-
po, lapho, to lick and swallow, lat. lambere.
to Flapdragon to swallow whole, like a flap-
dragon, or to be agitated in a liquid as that is.
WT. 3, 5.
to Flay, flea, to skin, strip, pull off the skin.
WT. 4, 3 Co. 1, 6. KL. 1, 4. Kin to the gr.
phloizō, from phloios, phlus.
to Fleck, to spot, streak. RJ. 2, 3.
Fledge, fullfeathered. MV. 3, 1. bHd. 1, 2.
Kin to fly, germ. fliegen.
Fleece, crop of a sheep's wool. MV. 1, 1. 3, 2.
Kin to Vlauss, lat. vellus. S. fell.
to Fleece, to shear, cut off the wool; to strip,
pull, plunder, sack. bHf. 3, 4.
to Fleer, to look with scorn and sly imperti-
nence. M. 5, 1. JC. 1, §. RJ. 1, 5. The gr.
phlyarein (from phlyo) to flirt, kin to burlesque.
Fleer, sneer, contemptuous look. 0.4, 1.
Fleet, nimble, loose. TS. Ind. 1. From phlyō.
to Fleet, to cause to float. 4L. 1, 1.
to Flesh, to dress or teach a dog, to make or
man a hawk by feeding him with the first caught
venison, to incite, satiate, fill. KJ. 5, 1. KL.
2, 2. He. 2, 4. aHd. 5, 4. Fleshed, incarnate.
Rc. 4, S.
Fleshment, pride, encouraged by a successful
attempt; being fleshed with or having tasted
success. KL. 2, 2.
Flewed, having large hanging chops, which
in a hound were called flews, MD. 4, 1. Kin
Flibbertigibbet, Flebergibit, a fiend, to be
to the lat. labium, germ. Lippe, lowsax. Flabbe.
found in Bishop Harsenet's decl. of popish im-
postures, among those which some Jesuits,
about the time of the spanish invasion, pretend-
ed to cast out, for the sake of making converts.
KL. 3, 4. 4, 1.
Flash, sudden transitory blaze. H. 2,1. JC.1,8.
TA. 1, 2. Kin to blaze, gr. phlox, phlaō,
phleō, phlegō, blaō, blio, blazo.
to Flash, to glitter, with a quick and transient
flame, or rather to burst in, to move with a
sudden vehemence. KL. 1, 3; to strut. TA.
2, 1. The word seems to have more assonances,
as, out of those cited in flash, of the gr. plasso,
pletto, the germ. provincial platschen, gr. pla-
Flask, powderhorn. LL. 5, 2. RJ. 3, 3. Kin to
flagon the gr. lagēnos, lagynos, lat. lagena,
gr. phlaskōn, phlaskion, ital. fiasco, germ.
Flat, even, level; shallow, tasteless, insipid,
dull. He. 1. chor. where flat unraised spirit;
pure, clear, sheer. afld. 4, 2. MA. 4,2. From
the gr. platys, plagios. To lay flat, to defeat,
distroy. Co. 3, 1.
Flatling, flat, applying the broader side to
the object. T. 2, 1.
Flicker, to flutter, glitter, sparkle: KL. 2,2. Kin to flack, flutter, flake, wh. s. germ. flackern. It has the notion of a tremulous, quick, quaving motion, like that of light, flame, water, sparkles.
Flight, a kind of arrow, formed for very long
shots, well feathered, light and flying straight;
the sport of shooting with such arrows. MA.
1, 1. A flight, or flightshot was a measure of
distance. It is kin to fleet, middlelat. flecta.
to Flinch, to quit, fail, withdraw one's self
with evasions from an undertaking. AW ́. 2, 1.
TC. 3, 2. Kin to flee, fling, blench, gr. lan-
gazo, to retire cowardly.
Fling, fray, check, rebuke. aflf. 3, 1.
to Fling, to cast, throw, hale. T. 2, 1. Hk.
Flirt gill, a pert young hussy, a wanton
lass. RJ. 2, 4. The term has nothing to do
with gilly flower, the emblem of falsehood.
WT. 4, 3; but is rather from flirt, kin to fleer,
wh. and the name Gill, for Julia, Juliet,
that was used also in a contemptuous meaning,
(s. Gifford's Ben Jonson V, 290. VI, 17.) perhaps
with an assonance of the gr. chaō, kyō, koilon,
kelon, germ. geil, Be-schäler, and other ones
of this kind. In the lowsax. dialect it is yet
Flock, troop, rout, number, croud. TN. 1, 1.
Hk. 1, 4. In this meaning it is a transposition
and meeting the very persons he wished to avoid. MM. 3, 1. MV. 1, 1. Lord Mayor's fool was a distinguished character of that class. AW. 2, 5. where it is alluded to his leaping, clothes and all, into a large bowl of custard. S. Douce's diss. on the clowns and fools of Sh. in his Ill. of Sh. II, 299. ss.
Foolbegg'd, absurd, so foolish that the guardianship of it might well be begged. CE. 2, 1. Foot cloth, cloth protecting the feet; i. e. housings of cloth, which hung down on every side of a horse and were used for state at sometimes, and affected merely as a mark of gentility at others. bHf. 4, 7.
to Flout, to jeer at, to mock, to scout. T. 3, 2.
aHf. 1, 3. Rc. 2, 1. TAn. 3, 1. An other form
of flit, flite, kin to blurt; sax. flitan, conten-
dere, jurgari. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 247.
Gifford's Ben Jonson. VI, 82. 542.
Flower de Luce, a sort of Iris. allf. 1, 1.
French fleur de lis, corrupted both from flos
deliciarum, whence it was spelt in earlier times
Flush, fresh, lusty, mature, ripe, full. AC.
1, 4. TA. 5, 5. H. 3, 3. The assonance of the
gr. phleō, blyō, lat. fluo, fluxus, engl. blush,
blow, blast, blister is uncontestable.
to Fluster, to overfill, fuddle. O 2, 3. From
the middlelat. flustrum, aqua vel unda crispans.
Dufresne. Kin to the gr. phlyō, phlyzō, blyō,
blyzō, the engl. bluster.
Flux, excrement. AL. 3, 2.
Foeman, foe. bHd. 3, 2. aHf. 1, 1. cHf. 2, 5.
5, 7. TɅn. 4, 1.
Fog, mist. MD. 2, 2. Cy. 3, 2. KL. 2, 4. Co. 2, 3. Kin to the gr. phōgō, to blow, and to dry.
Footclothhorse, or mule, one of these ani-
mals so ornamented and probably trained on
purpose for that service. Rc. 3, 4. bHf. 4, 1.
Footing, wainscoat. Rc. 1, 4. intercourse,
establishment. O. 2, 1.
For, since, because. Rb. 1, 3. Cy. 4, 2. O. 1, 3.
IVT. 4, 3. TG. 4, 8. KL. 1, 1. TA. 4, 3.
Malone to Son. 54. It is used also in oaths.
Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 67. in bets or wagers as
for a counter. AL. 2, 7; for fear. Gifford's
Ben Jons. IV, 181. In compounds it is negative
(forbid), or increases and is intensive (forlorn)
Forage, to range abroad. KJ. 5, 1. He. 1, 2.
S. farm, fee, to feed.
Forager, he that gathers food, provender. TC.
to Force, to regard, or care for. LL. 5, 2. to urge in argument. Co. 3, 2; to stuff, to farce. TČ. 2, 3. 5, 1.
Forecast, foresight, plan, policy. cHf. 5, 1. to Foredo, to undo, destroy; fore in negative power. H. 2, 1. O. 5, 1. KĽ. 5, 3.
to Forefend, to forbid, prevent, to fend off,
or keep off. WT. 4, 2; to prohibit. KL. 5, 1.
S. to fence, foin.
Forehand, previous. MA. 4, 1. F. shaft, an
arrow particularly formed for shooting straight
forward. bHd. 3, 2.
Foil, defeat, overthrow. aHf. 3, 3. cHf. 5, 4;
to put to the foil T. 3, 1. to foil (AL. 1, 1.), to
overthrow, overcome, subdue; something of
another colour near which jewels are set to
raise their lustre. Rb. 1, 3. H. 5, 2. Rc. 5, 3;
a blunt sword used to learn fighting, rapier.
MA. 5, 2. He. 4. ch. H. 5, 2, Assonances are
the gr. phallo, sphallō, germ. fällen, fehlen,
fr. fouiller, fouler, feuille, lat. folium.
to Foin, to push in fencing, or tilting. MW.
2, 3. MA. 5, 1. bid. 2, 4. Kin to the gr. eno,
labial form phenō, dental form thenō, guttural
form keno, fr. fouiner.
Foison, foizon, plenty. T. 2, 1. 4, 1. MM. 1,5.
AC. 2, 7. M. 4, 3. Kin to fee, wh. s.
Fold, hord, sheephurdle. MD. 2, 2; plait. KL.
1, 1. Cambr. pleth, sax. feald, fald, kin to
the gr. alsos, hyle.
Fond, foolish, simple, prized by folly. In the
modern sense of tender, it evidently implied
in its origin a doting or extravagant degree of
affection. Rb. 5, 2. Co. 4, 1. S. Gifford's Ben
Jons. II, 20. Anciently it is fon, fonne, kin to
fondle, icel. fana, fanaz, to behave foolishly;
to the germ. Wahn, or Wan, lat. vanus, engl.
ween; to the gr. phainō, phanō, phantasia.
Forfeits, crimes, penalties. MM. 5, 1. in a
barber's shop. Those shops, being places of
great resort for passing time in an idle manner,
certain laws were usually hung up by way of
enforcing some kind of regularity; laws, that
often were laughed at. MM. 2, 2.
Forge, chimney. O. 4, 2. Fr. forge.
Forgetive, inventive, full of imagination. bhd.
Fork, an instrument of eating, which had its
rise in Italy and came about Ben Jonson's time
into England. Gifford's Ben Jons. V, 136; the
forky tongue of snakes. KL. 2, 4. MA. 5, 1.
MD. 2, 3. Rb. 3, 2. bHf. 3, 2; forks, part of
the human body, where begin the thighs. KL.
4, 6. where there is a transposition in whose
In general therefore it has the notion of aban-face between her forks presageth snow instead donment to the unsubstantial. Font, baptistery. MV. 4, 1. Fool. His business in families was, to amuse by his jests, in uttering of which he had complete license to attack, whom he pleased. TN. 1, 5. Hh. prol. AL. 2, 7. In the earliest dramatic exhibitions he was an indispensable ingredient, and was always falling into mischief,|
of wh. f. presageth s. (viz chastity) betw. h. f. (in her lap). In this sense it answers to the ital, forcata. Man is called forked animal in that very scene. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 162. Voss translates Haube, whether in a proper, or metaphorical meaning for top of mountain, we cannot decypher; unsuitable and erroneous however by all means. But forked is also a horned
Forehead. A high forehead was accounted a
feature eminently beautiful. TG. 4, 4. A low
forehead, a striking deformity. T, 4, 1. AC. 3, 3.
to Foresay, to foretell, decree. Cy. 4, 2.
to Foreslow, to delay, 'tarry, loiter, linger.
cHf. 2, 3.
a cuckold. WT. 1, 2. whence O. 3, 3. the cuckoldom is called the forked plague. Forlorn, forsaken, destitute. cHf. 3, 3. deprived S. 86; diminutive, lean, meagre. bhd. 3, 2.
Form, seat. JC. 3, 2. where benches and forms,
whence the pun. RJ. 2, 4.
Formal, sober, having the regular form and
use of the senses; opposed to mad. CE. 5, 1.
TN. 2, 5; in a right form, an usual shape.
AC. 2, 5. Rc. 3, 1. the formal Vice, Iniquity,
the regular, customary Vice.
to Forspeak, to forbid. AC. 3, 7.
Forthright, straight; direct path. T.3, 3. TC.
to Fortune, to happen. TG. 5, 4. Forty pence, the sum commonly offered for a small wager; for the same reason that several law fees were fixed at that sum, viz 35. 4d, or the half noble, or the sixth of a pound. Hh. 2, 3.
For wearied, much wearied. KJ. 2, 1. Fosset, faucet, tap. Co. 2, 1. From the lat.
to Foster, to nurse, feed, bring up, to attend. TG. 3, 1. TAn. 2, 4. Cy. 2, 3. Sax. fostrath, cimbr. and icel. fostra, kin to feed, gr. paō, boskō, phyō. S. foison. Fosternurse, nurse. KL. 4, 4. AL. 2, 3. A compound of synonyms! Foul, dirty, filthy. TS. 4, 1; unlawful, base. He. 2, 1. 4C. 4, 10. H. 1, 2; ill favoured, ugly.
AL.3, 3. The gr. phaulos, kin to filth, defiled,
sax. fylan. Horne Tooke II, 247. Foundation, lodging, cover, shelter. Cy. 3, 6. to Founder, to ruin a horse by riding violently, or working too hard, to surrein, wh. s. bHd. 4,8; to get a leak, to gape, sink at sea; to fail, miscarry. Hh. 3, 2. Kin to the fr. fondre, the lat. fundus, fundere, gr. pyndax. Foutra, a jeer. bHd. 5, 3. (twice) From the fr. foutre, lat. futuere. Cant denoting a contemp-| tible thing.
Fox, familiar and jocular term for a sword. He. 4, 4. the broad sword of Jonson's days. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. IV, 429. Forship, cunningness. Co. 4, 2. Fracted, broken. He. 2, 1. TA. 2, 1. The lat. fractus, from frango, gr. rhagō. Frame, structure, form, aHd. 3, 1. contrivance, order, regularity, disposition of things. MA. 4, 1. Kin to form, and rim, and the sax. freman, facere. S. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 378. Frampold, spelt also frampul, frampal, frampel, framfold, framfured, vexatious, saucy, pert, fretful, peevish, cross, froward. MW. 2, 2. Kin to the gr. brimusthai, brimō, bremō, lat. fremo, germ. brummen, provincially brömeln, bremmeln, to be litigious. Pold is a termination, like bold in the germ. words Trunkenbold, Raufbold. S. bold. Franchise, charter. Co. 4, 6. Frank, liberal, generous. 0.3, 8. 3, 4. Sax. frig, icel. fri, goth. frija, germ. frech. Frank, place or stable to fatten a boar in. bHd. 2, 2. There seems to assonate something like brawn.
to Frank, to fatten boars, or other animals; to shut up in a sty. Rc. 1, 8. 4, 5. Franklin, freeholder, yeoman, man above a vassal or villain, but not a gentleman. WT.
5, 2. aHd. 2, 1. Cy. 3, 2. So in the reign of Elizabeth.
to Fray, to frighten, terrify. TC. 3, 2. From the fr. effrayer, by the lat. rigeo, frigeo, gr. phrisso, rhigo, rhagō.
Freekle, blackish spot raised in the skin by the sun. MD. 2, 1. Hence freckled, full of freckles, spotted, varycoloured. He. 5, 2. It seems a deminutive form of freak, kin to prick, prickle, and with s to sprinkle, germ. sprengen, sprenkeln, gr. rhainō, to wet, sprut.
to Fret, to move eagerly, to rub; to be worn away by rubbing, as fretting commodity. TS. 2, 1. to break, burst by rubbing a string. Hh. 3, 2; to carve, chisel. Cy. 2, 4; to etch. KL. 1,4; to gnash, grate, vex himself, to be peevish. bHf. 1, 1. where it is joined with to bite his tongue. cHf. 1, 4. where with stamp and rave; to creek, shreek. afd. 2, 2; to speed with eagerness, to wrestle. MD. 4, 1. Generally therefore it implies the notion of quick moving, and the varieties, labial and dental, rave, frote (french frotter) used by Chaucer, frush, (germ. kratzen) grave, grate, graze, writ, brouse, bruise, fret are reducible to the gr. rhaō, rhaiō, rhagō, rhakō, rhassō, phraō, phrago, thraō, thrauō, traō, trainō, tryō, trycho and others, that will be found to involve the same notions, modified by the context. Frets, the points at which a string is to be stopped, in such an instrument, as the lute, or guitar. TS. 2, 1. Hence to fret H. 3, 2. S. Fretful, sad, melancholic, angry, aHd. 3, 3. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 250. Frieze, a coarse warm cloth. 0.2, 1. M. 1, 6. Like Vliess in the Germ. from vellus. S. fell. Frock, light vest. H. 3, 4. From the middlelat. flocus, monachorum vestis, quae amplas habet manicas, vulgo froc; ita forte appellata, quod esset floccosa. Dufresne. From, away from, distant, far from. AC. 2, 6. Co. 3, 1. H. 3, 2. 0. 1, 1.
to Front, to be opposite to, to oppose directly, to encounter. bHd. 4, 4. Hh. 1, 2. Frontier, borders, outline, outwork in fortification. aHd. 1, 3. cf. 2, 3. Whatever meaning be adopted, the sense is at last spite, hardiment, insolence; for it is there joined with presence too bold and peremptory. Frontlet, ribband of the forehead, part of female dress in elder times worn by night. Steev. at alld. 1, 5; metaphorically for look, appearance of the forehead. KL. 1, 4. to Frush, to squash, push, break, bruise, crush, batter. TC. 5, 6. S. Steevens at TG. 1, 1., who would also restore it S. 63 for with time's injurious hand crushed and o'erworn. It is the fr. froisser, and kin to all the forms quoted above under to fret.
to Fry, to broil, roast. TS. 2. end. From frigo,
gr. phrygō, phryssō, phryttō, ital. friggere,
kin to the gr. prethō, germ. braten.
Fry, breed of fishes. Hh. 5, 3. AW.4,3. M.4, 2.
Kin to breed by the gr. bryō.
to Fub, fub off, to put off, to deceive. bHd.
2, 1. Other form of fob, fop, kin to the gr.
poppyzein, to whistle, to coy by whistling. There
may assonate also the ital. babbeo, babbeone,
beffa, beffare, of course the engl. babe, germ.
Bube, Puppe, lat. pubes.
Fuel, fewel, materials or aliment of fire. He.
2, 3. cHf. 5, 4.
( 123 )
Full with an adjective, very, entirely, highly,
highproof. T. 1, 2. AC. 1, 1. MD. 3, 2. WT.
Fullam, fulham, cant term for false dice,
high and low. MW. 1, 8. Probably from being
full or loaded with some heavy metal on one
side, so as to produce a bias, which would
make them come high or low. S. Gifford's Ben
Jons. II, 111.
Fulsome, lascivious, obscene, rank. MV. 1,3.
0.4, 1. From the goth. fuls, foul, wh. s. foetid.
Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 252.
to Fumble, to rumble, tumble, ruffle, bruise,
crumble, spoil a thing by handling it about. He.
2, 8. TAn. 4, 2. TC. 4, 4. AC. 4, 4. In the
Lowsax. fummeln, kin to famble, from fam,
cham, a labial form for Han, hand; to the pro-
vincial verfumfeien, gr. bambalō.
Fume, courage, foaming mood. bHf. 1, 3. Lat.
Fumiter, fumitory, fumaria officinalis L. KL.
4, 4. He. 5, 2. The french name is fumeterre,
the germ. Erdrauch.
to Fur, to line. TC. 2, 2. The process of the
form of this word seems to be pellis, vellus,
feltro, feutre, fodrum, foderum, Futter, furra,
to Furnace, to send forth fume, or vapour,
like a furnace. Cy. 1. 7.
Furze, a prickly shrub used for firing, gorse,
goss. T. 4, 1. Sax. fyrs, from the gr. spartion.
For sp and ps are changed even with ph or f.
to Fust, to grow fusty, musty, or mouldy. H.
4, 4. Kin to the gr. pyō, lat. puteo, foeteo.
Fustian, a sort of stuff made of cotton. TS. 4, 1:
bombastic. TN. 2, 5. O. 2, 3. bHd. 2, 4. Middle-
lat. fustanum. Dufresne.
Fustilarian, a cant term of contempt, a fusty
stinking fellow. bHd. 2, 1. S. fust.
Fusty, musty, mouldy, stinking, rankish. TC.
2, 1. Co. 1, 9.
Gabardine, a coarse felt cloke or outward garment of a peasant. MV. 1, 8. T. 2, 2. The spanish word gavardina.
Gad, goad, or sharp pin of metal of a tablebook,
style. TAn. 4, 1. Upon the gad upon the spur.
KL. 1, 2. Sax. gad, point of a spear,
goad, the gr. kenō, keō, kedazō.
to Gad, to ramble, range, rove, run up and
down. RJ. 4, 2. Warton conjectures gade as
a frequentative of go. Go is from the gr. kio,
that has the forms kiaō, kiathō, keō, keazō,
whence probably also gad. S. also Douce's Ill.
of Sh. II, 194.
to Gag, to stop, cram the mouth. TN. 1, 5.
Middlelat. gaggare, compare cage; probably
kin to the gr. chaō, chaskō, kapō, kaphō,
Gage, pledge; glove, or gauntlet thrown down
in challenges. Rb. 4, 1. as honour's pawn ib.
1, 1. 4, 1.
Gain giving, misgiving, giving against, that is an internal feeling or prognostic of evil. H. 5, 2.
to Gage, to pledge, put in pledge. MV. 1, 1. aHd. 1, 3; to gauge, measure. MV. 2, 3; to lay as a wager H. 1, 1. From the fr. gager by guadium, from vas, vadis. In the second signification it is from the middlelat. gaugia, gagga, fr. jauge.
Gait, manner of going; metaphor. way, pro-
ceeding in a business. H. 1, 2. Go your gait,
go away. KL. 4, 6. To take his gait, (erro-
neously gate) to take his way. MD. 5, 2. S.
Galathe, Hector's horse in the old romances.
TC. 5, 5.
Gale, air. cHf. 5, 3. Kin to the lat. halo, gr.
galene, engl. calm, by aō, to blow.
Gall, bile. bHd. 1, 2. sarcasm, severe joke,
galling stroke. KL. 1, 4.
to Gall. S. to gaul.
Gallian, gallic, french. Cy. 1, 7.
Gallant, rambler. Rb. 5, 3; high spirited, brave.
MD. 4, 1; lover. AL. 1, 2: beau, spark. Hh.
Galliard, lively, leaping, nimble french dance.
TN. 1, 3. He. 1, 2.
Galliass, galleasse, large galley, a vessel like
the galley, but larger and heavier. TS. 2, 1.
Gallimawfry, a confused heterogeneous jumble.
WT.4, 3; ludicrously a wife, as an odd medley,
or mixture of different qualities. MW. 2, 1.
From galimafrée, a mixed hash of different
to Gallow, in the west of Engl. gally, to frighten, scare, gast, wh. s. KL. 3, 2. Sax. agaelfun, kin to the gr. chaleptō, aor. echalephthen, so that properly it were to hurt, or to irritate, provoke.
Galloway nag, jade from Galloway in Scotland. bHd. 2, 4. It seems yet also a pun. Gallowglasses and Kernes, two sorts of foot-soldiers of Ireland and the western isles. The Gallowglasses wore a battleax, were robust, high, and stout; the Kernes with sword and target, lighter armed, seek to keep clean and notchless their swords. M. 1, 2. bHƒ. 4, 9. Gallows, gibbet. T. 5, 1. alld. 1, 2. the threelegg'd stool TS. 1, 1. wicked, rascal. LL. 5, 2. Game, venison. cHf. 3, 1. aHd. 1, 3. MD. 3, 2. He. 3, 1; sport. MD. 2, 1. Kin to the sax. gameian, to jest, the icel. gaman, sport, the old germ. gemellich with Bonerius for sportive. 0. 2, 3. the sense of it is briskness, lustiness. Jago there calls Desdemona sport for Jove and full of game. So it would not be absolutely absurd, in MW. 2, 3. to hear called Caius, the french greedy physician, a cry'd game, that is a professed buck, a rumoured wencher, lecher, whoremonger. If there were need of a correction, in order to get out the sense of Nares, it would be better, to read: cry thou amen, a phrase common in that sense. KJ.3, 1. Rb. 1, 3. 4, 1. Hh. 5, 1. But to confirm the common reading, observe the use of the folGamester, a familiar term for a debauched, lowing word: person of either sex. AW. 5, 3; a merry fellow. Hh. 1, 4. AL. 1, 1.
Gamut, the musical scale. TS. 3, 1. From the
greek letter gamma, and ut, ital. name of the
first note in the scale.
Gang, anciently ging, band, troop, company.
MW. 4, 2. Kin to go, whence in Scot. it is
journey; then those who go together. S. Gifford's
Ben Jons. IV, 161. V, 340.
Gangrened, fallen into a gangrene. Co. 3, 1.
Gantlet, gauntlet, glove as armour. TC. 4, 5.
KJ. 5, 2. Kin to the armen. ganth, genth,
germ. Hand, middlelat. guantus, ital. guanto,
fr. gant, gr. kondylos.
Gap, cleft, opening, breach, interstice. M. 3, 1.
AC. 1, 5. KL. 1, 2; vacancy. Hh. 5, 1. where
'Cromwell stands in the gup and trade of more
preferments is he has the title to be preferred
in case of vacancy and by the current use. It
needs scarce, to take recourse to the metaphor
of a poliorcetical breach. To break a foul
gap into the matter WT. 4, 3. to blunder, to
blurt out, to break in shamelessly.
Gaping (pig), that gapes, or yawns towards
the guests, and of course prepared for table.
MV. 4, 1.
make sore by fretting the skin, bĦd. 1, 2; to
corrode. He. 3, 1. H. 1, 3. Rc. 4, 4. to devour,
consume MW. 3, 4. Those different significa-
tions, although they may be reduced to two
general ones, arise from the various assonances
in this word, viz of the gr. chole, cholos, cho-
lios, cholaō, germ. Galle, gällen, and on the
other hand of the gr. skylon, hide, skin, germ.
Hülle, cover; the provincial, schellern, schol-
lern, to hurt the skin, to peel off by scratching
or fretting; further of the gr. kyllos, koilos,
crooked, lamed, and chōlos.
to Gaul, gall, to fill, infect or mix with gall, or to be full of gall; Hence metaphorically to vex, anger, irritate. AL. 2, 7. Co. 2, 3. He. 1,2. TS.5,2; to say sarcastic things. He. 5, 1; where it is joined with gleeking; to hurt, to
Gar, weapon. By gar, an oath, like by my
sword (H. 1, 5.) MIV. 1, 4. The word is in
oldgerm. ger, sax. gar, a spear, dart. Even
Suidas has gerron and explains it by weapon.
Garagantua, the giant of Rabelais, that
swallowed five pilgrims, their slaves and all in
a sallad. AL. 3, 2. S. Oeuvres de Franç. Rabe-
lais. (Par. 1782. 5 Vol. 8.) Vol. 1. p. 278.
Garb, dress, carriage; demeanour, KL. 2, 2.
Co. 4, 7. gentle and fine manner. He. 5, 1. H.
2, 2. In the rank (al. right) garb 0. 2, 1.
grossly, without mincing the matter, as Steevens
will, or rather on account of his lechery and
lascivious demeanour, with Malone.
Garbage, guts, bowels. Cy. 1, 7. Kin to the
gr. gyros, kyros, kyrbos, lat. curvus.
Garboil, tumult, uproar, commotion, stir.
AC. 1, 3. 2, 2. It. garbuglio, fr. garbouille;
kin perhaps to the germ. krabbeln, kribbeln.
Garish, gairish, splendid, gaudy, shining,
bright, showy, magnificent RJ. 3, 2. Rc. 4, 4.
Uncertain, whether kin to garment, by the gr.
etros, eros, erea, erion, wool, or to hair.
to Garner up, to hoard, pile or treasure up,
to gather in the garn or barn (from granarium)
Garret, chamber on the loff of a house. bHf.
1, 3. Kin to the germ. Warte.
Garter, ribband by which the stocking is held
upon the leg. T. 4, 1. aHf. 4, 1. aHd. 2, 2.
Rc. 4, 4; king at arms. Hh. Dufr. garterium;
Gash, sear, scratch, wound. M. 1, 2. aHd. 4, 1.
He. 4, 6. Co. 2, 1. AC. 4, 8. Kin to gap, by
the gr. chaō, chaskō; properly therefore what
gapes, a breach.
Gaskins, gaskoyns, slops. TN.1, 5. Corrupted
as it seems from the fr. cuisses, from crus.
to Gast, to frighten, amaze. KL. 2, 1. Kin to
agast, agaze, gr. agaō, agamai, agazō, aga-
zomai, to wonder, to be perplex, astonished,
to gaze, by the gr. chao, as it were to look
at gaping; sax. agian, timere, agids, territus.
S. Horne Tooke Diy. of P. I, 463.
Gastness, ghastliness. 0.5, 1.
Gaude, gawd, toy, gewgaw, a piece of festive
finery, MD. 1, 1. 4, 1. TC. 3, 3. TS. 2, 1. KJ. to Gentle, to make free, or place in the rank
3, 3. The same as gewgaw, from the gr. gaiō, of a gentleman. He. 4, 3.
gado, gathō, gethō, getheō, germ. ergetzen, Gentry, gentility, complaisance. H. 2, 2.
lat. gaudere, gaudium. Horne Tooke Div. of German, brother. O. 1, 1. Lat. germanus.
P. II, 267. Hence
German clocks, in the earlier times cheap
Gaudy, gauded, merry, festive. AC. 3, 11. party- wooden clocks, the movements of which are
coloured bHf. 4, 1; gauded, nicely trimmed, imperfect, yet often loaded with fantastic orna-
adorned. Co. 2, 1.
ments and moving figures. LL. 3, 1. Dutch
watches lay under the same imputation.
Germane, related to, allied, connected with.
IT. 4, 3. H. 5, 2.
Germen, germin, seed, bud. M. 4, 1, KL. 2, 2.
The lat. word.
Gaunt, dry, thin, lean, slander, meager, waned.
Rb. 2, 1. Kin to the sax. gewanian, to wane,
decrease, fall away (s. Horne Tooke Div. of
P. II, 68.) by the gr. auos, auone, from aō,
to blow and to dry, as the wind does.
Gaze, look of wonder, staring. WT. 5, 1. Co.
1, 3. TC. 4,5. MV. 5, 1. S. to gast. Douce's
Ill. of Sh. I, 268.
Gear, geer, matter, subject, or business, affair,
negoce. bHf. 3, 1. TC. 1, 1. bHf. 1, 4. It is
used like as proverbially and indefinitively, as
the Italian roba, and the germ. Zeuch. Its
origin is in bear, wear, that are the same
with the lat. fero, gero, and signifies of course
that what is transported, conveyed, as ware,
germ. Waare, commodity; whence it denotes
also furniture, accoutrement, dress, ornament.
Geck, fool. TN. 5, 1. Cy. 5, 4. A german word,
kin to the sax. geac, engl. gawk, gowk by
the gr. kokkyx. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 118.
to Geld, to castrate, spay. MM. 2, 1. MV. 5, 1.
WT. 2, 1. 4, 3; to deprive, bereave. LL. 2, 1.
Rb. 2, 1. bHf. 4, 5. aHd. 3, 1. Sax. gylte,
germ. Geldevieh, kin to the lat. coles, coleus,
germ. Geilen, the stones, whence the fr. coul-
lon; ital. coglione, holl, ghelten, to castrate,
gr. kēlē, rupture of the scrotum.
Gelding, gelt horse. alid. 3, 1.
Gelofer, gilliflower, gillofer, jereflour,
carnation, sweetwilliam, variegated pink, is
called Nature's bastard WT. 4, 8. because con-
sidered as a produce of art. From the gr. kary-
Geminy, a pair. MIV. 2, 2. Lat. gemini.
Gender, race, breed. H. 4, 7. 0.1, 3. Kin to
the lat. genus, from the gr. ginomai.
General, the, the people at large. MM. 2, 4.
TC. 1, 3. H. 1, 2. the general gender. H. 4,7.
Generous, of noble birth or rank. 0.3, S.
MM. 4, 6.
Genet, gennet, ginet, jennet, a spanish horse,
and a wild cat. O. 1, 1. Ginete, spanish, is a
Gentility, high birth, LL. 1, 1.
Gentle, of liberal rank, highminded and bold.
T. 1, 2. WT. 1, 2. Cy. 4, 2; a gentleman. LL.
4, 2. TS. 3, 2.