« PredošláPokračovať »
the different readings, and in KL. 2, 2. the opposition of to unloose. To us the reading Which are too intrinse t' unloose seems true, since it explains the origin of intrince, a different spelling, and intrench, a glossem. The other form intrinsicate AC. 5, 2. where to untie is opposed, like to unloose in the other
Invectively, abusively. AL. 2, 1.
to Irk, to be loathsome, troublesome, to grieve.
where th' irreligious is glossem.
Ive. This termination of adjectives gives properly an active signification, but occasionally also a passive. So protractive TC. 1, 3. for protracted. So also the termination of the active participle ing, as unrecalling for unrecalled, unrecallable. TL. 142.
Jack. By popular abuse and paronomasy, (like jacere, cacare) as it were, a staff or thread, on which crystallizes a numerous quantity of notions. Originally it is said to be a deminutive of John, or Jaques; often a term of contempt,| contemptible thing; frequently bestowed upon whatever bore the form or seemed to do the
work of a man or servant; as roasting jack turnspit. TG. 4, 1. A small kind of spinnet, anciently called virginal, shaped like a pianoforte. Steevens at S. 129. Jack-a-lent, a stuffed puppet, dressed in rags, thrown at throughout Lent, during six weeks; hence perhaps a ball or bowl in ninepins for aiming, a butt. MW. 3, 3. 5, 5. where it is a jocular appellation, and a butt, object of satire and attack. Perhaps from jacere. Jack-o-lantern, iguis fatuus, T. 4, 1. KL.
philos. hist. of the europ. langu. I, 463. derives it from gada, a travelling horse, scott. jaud. to Jade, to tire, harass, dispirit, plague, vex. Hh. 3, 2. TN. 2, 5. Properly as it seems to domineer a horse by foundering.
Jakes, necessary house, privy. KL. 2, 2. Cf. Ajax. Probably from the gr. chezō, choō, or the lat. cacare.
Jack an apes, monkey, ape; addressed to an
Jade, mare. He. 4, 2. MM. 2, 1. H. 3,2; sancy,
to Jangle, to tinkle, ring untuneably. H. 3, 1;
Jar, beat, stroke, ticking made by the pallets of the pendulum in a clock. WT. 1, 2. Rb. 5, 5; quarrel, debate. aHf. 1, 1. bHf. 1, 1. Kin to the germ. girren, kirren, quirren, schwirren, gr. garyō, lat garrio.
to Jaunce, to ride hard; or to ramble. Rb. 5, 5. From the fr. jancer, kin to go, germ. gehen; whence
Jaunce for jaunt, ramble, flight, excursion, RJ. 2, 5. So Gifford's Ben Jons. VI, 166. geance for errand.
Jaundice, a disease caused by the obstruction
Jay, crow, used for a loose woman. MW. 3, 3.
Jelly, congealed gray of meat. KL. 3,7. H. 1, 2.
to Jest, to act a feigned part in a mask, or interlude. Rb. 1, 3, From gestus.
Jester, buffoon. MW. 2, 1. cf. Hh. prol. KL.
Jet, agate of fine black colour. bllƒ. 2, 1.
Jew's eye was high valued, the Jews being
Jig, a merry dance; merriment and humour in writing; a ballad. H. 2, 2. S. Malone's hist. acc. of the engl. stage. p. 147. Kin to the gr. kyklos, the fr. gigue, the germ. Gaukler, fr. jongleur.
to Jig, H. 3, 1. is joined with tó amble,
trip, generally a short affected motion. cf. LL. Kam, crooked, awry. Clean kam, by vulgar
pronunciation kim kam, quite kam, clean contrary. Co. 3, 1. Kin to camous, camoys, by the gr. kampto, kamptos, ital. sghembo. Kecks, kex, kecksie, a dry stalk of hemlock, and sometimes of other kinds. From cigue, cicuta. He. 5, 2.
Jigmaker, writer of ballads, or humorous
Jointring, a ring with joints. 0. 4, 3. Jointstool, cricket, low bench, folding stool. RJ. 1, 5. Proverb: cry you mercy, I took you for a jointstool, intended as a ridiculous instance of making an offence worse by a foolish and improbable apology; or perhaps as a pert reply, when a person was setting forth himself, and saying who or what he was. KL. 3, 6. TS. 2, 1.
Jole, cheek. Spelt also choule, joul (Ben Jons. to
to Jolt, joult, jowl, to shake, to smite. H.
Jovial, belonging to Jupiter; from Jove.
Keech, the fat of an ox or cow, rolled up by the butcher in a round lamp, in order to be carried to the chandler; a good deal resembling the body of a fat man. bHd. 2, 1. Hh.1,2. to be restored also aHd. 2, 4. for tallowkeeck. Keel, to cool, the pot, also by taking out a wheen, or small quantity of broth, and filling up with cold water. LL. 5, 2. Sax. gelan, refrigerare, frigefacere. S. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 833.
Journal, diurnal, daily. Cy. 4, 1.
Junket, juncate, sweet meat, dainty. TS. 3, 2.
Keeper, guardian of whatsoever. LL. 1, 1. of
to Ken, to pry, spy, see. bHf. 3, 2. Kin to
for the manufacture of which Kendal in Westmoreland was famous. aHd. 2, 4. the uniform of Robin Hood's followers. Kennel, couple. aHf. 4, 2; den, canal, channel. Rc. 4, 4. From chien, by the gr. kyōn, lat. canis; and in the second meaning the same as canal, and its kindred. Kerne, a footsoldier of the irish troops, very poor and wild. Rb. 2, 1; also from other parts. M. 1, 2.
Kettle, kettledrum. H. 5, 2. 1, 4. Lat. catillus
from catinus, germ. Kessel. Key, in music, cliff, instrument of turning.
T. 1, 2. MV. 1, 3. MA. 1, 1. Sax. cueg. Key cold, icecold, frozen. Rc. 1, 2. Kibe, kybe, chilblain, whitlow. T. 2, 1. KL. 1, 5. H. 5, 1. From the gr. kybė, tumour. Kicksy wicksey, a ludicrous word, composed like hurlyburly, huckermucker, hutchputch, implying restlessness, applied to a wife. AW. 2, 3. No doubt from to kick, assonating the gr. kiō, the lat. cieo, engl. quick, germ. keck; and to wince, in allusion of restiveness and Justiness.
Keep, to live, inhabit. MM. 8, 1. aHd. 1, 8. Kin to the lat. capere, from the hebr. caph, hand.
Kickshaw, keckshaw, something uncommon, fantastical, ridiculous. TN. 1, 8. bHd. 5, 1. From the fr. quelque chose.
Kidfox, young fox, cub. MA. 2, 8. Kindred
to Justle, to jostle, joustle, to make tournaments, to thrust, drive. TC. 4, 4. T. 5, 1. Kin to the old germ. tiost, Jost, Juste, lance and strife of lance, fr. joute, ital. giostru, middlelat. justa, josta, jostra. Cf. to toze, and the germ. stossen. Hence justling, running at tilt, thrusting lances, breaking lances; busy, turbulent. aHd. 4, 1.
to Jut, Jutty, to overhang, be eminent, pro-Kilnhole, mouth of the oven, place, into minent, stick out, to push or shoot into pro- which coals are put under a stove, a copper, minences. TAn. 2, 1. Rc. 2, 4. TA. 1, 2. He. or kiln, in which lime etc. is to be dried or 3, 1. Kin to jet, fr. jeter, from iactus. burned. MW. 4, 2. Jutty, projecting, overhanging part of a build-Kind, nature, natural disposition, or tendency. ing. M. 1, 6. JC. 1, 3. TAn. 2, 1. MV. 1, 8. To do his kind, to act according to his nature. AC. 5, 2. S.
Juvenal, youth. LL. 3, 1. bHd. 1, 2.
Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 224. From the gr. genō,| ginô, gignó. to Kindle, to inflame; to incite, to stimulate. AL. 1, 1. M. 1, 3.
Kindless, unnatural, H. 2, 2. Kindly, natural. MA. 4, 1. Kindred, relations, affinity. MA. 2, 1; congenial, related. KJ. 3, 4. where however Voss for who hath read or heard of any kindred action like to this reads kindled.
Kirtle, an upper garment, a sort of loose gown, sometimes the jacket merely, sometimes for the train, or upper petticoat attached to it. bHd. 2, 4. Kin to gird, girdle, germ. Gürtel. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 260. V, 303. Kissing comfits, sugarplumbs perfumed, to make the breath sweet. MIV. 5, 5. Knack, trick, display of dexterity; joke; toy, pretty trifle, nifle, bable, matter of small value. WT. 4, 3. TS. 4, 8. From the snapping or knacking of the fingers by jugglers. to Knap, to break short, to chew. MV. 3, 1. Gr. gnao, gnaptō, knaō, knapō. Knave, boy, servant. AC. 4, 12. 5, 2. also a word of endearment. KL. 2, 2. Sax. cnafa, germ. Knabe, Knappe, Knecht, knight, from the gr. konein, to serve, to be busy. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 425. derives it from nafath, i. e. nehafath, genafath, qui nihil habet. Improbably the notion of villainy and contemptibleness being no doubt a later one engendered by feudal aristocracy. Knife, sword, dagger. M. 1, 5. chiefly the latter bilf. 3, 2. They were commonly worn by ladies, chiefly in full dress. RJ. 4, 1. cf. 4, 3. where the old quarto of 1597. reads This shall forbid it. Knife, lye thou there, perhaps to be restored: No, no, this shall forbid it. Knife, lye there. Fr. canif, germ. Kneif, kin to knaō, and xiphos, dor. skiphos.
to Knit up, to disentangle, untangle. T. 3, 3. MD. 5, 1. Kin to knot, lat. nodus, germ. knötten, hnöteln.
to Knoll, to ring a knell, or funeral peal. M. 5, 7; to sound as a bell. AL. 2, 7. Kin to knell, by the germ. knallen, hallen, schallen, gallen, gr. kalein, hebr. kol, voice, cambr. cnul, sound of balls, sax. cnyll. Knotgrass, polygonum aviculare L. It was anciently supposed, if baken in an infusion, to have the power of stopping the growth of any animal. MD. 3, 2.
be there will assonate various words, the popular wit being extremely humorous and desultory chiefly in matters of sex; for instance lost mutton, with an allusion to the scriptural lost sheep; lashed, whipped in the house of correction; laced in the meaning of embellish'd; lust; nay Lacedemonian; s. Greek. Lackbeard, milksop, young coward. MA. 5, 1. To lack, kin to the gr. lēgō, to want - Gifford's Ben Jons. VI, 5. was prefixed to words of all kinds, to note deficiency; as lackbrain, ald. 2, 3. lacklinen, lacklove. MD. 2, 3. lacklustre AL. 2, 7.
Laced, striped, skirted, bordered, or embellished (Steevens at S. 57.) Cy. 2, 2. Laced mutton, a cantword for a prostitute, giglot, strumpet. TG. 1, 1. with Malone. May
Lackey, soldier's boy. He. 4, 4. Rc. 5, 3. Hh. 1, 3. Properly a runner, from the goth. laeken to leap, kin to the gr. lax; pers. latschin, knave, servant.
Label, scrowl; slip of parchment hanging on a writing. RJ. 4, 1. Cy. 5, 5. tow. end. Diminutive of labarum, kin to the gr. lobos, lai-to phos, germ. Lappen. Lace, or lash, leash, sometimes lease, cord, rope, string. RJ. 1, 4. hence lash, a long line, string, thong, or rein to lead horses or dogs by, three together. He. 1, 2. WT. 4, 3; that what is led by, coupled, a rout, crew. Co. 1, 6. aHd. 2. 4. Kindred to the lat. licium, ital. laccio, lista, germ. Leiste, Litze, fr. lacet, lat. lacinia, germ. Lasche. S. Horne Tooke Div. II, 253.
to Lade, or load, to drain, exhaust, heave out. cHf. 3, 2. Gifford's Ben Jons. V, 25. explains it to do not spare.
Ladies smock, cardamine L. LL. in the endsong.
Lag, late, last, slow. Rc. 2, 1. KL. 1, 2; the last or lowest part. TA. 3, 6. lagend, latter end. aHd. 5, 1. Kin to the sax. laet, engl. late, gr. loisthos.
to Lag, to tarry, last long. Rb. 1, 3; to be the last. aHf. 3, 3.
Lakin, for ladykin, diminutive of lady. Our lakin, our dear lady, the Virgin Mary. T. 3, 3. MD. 3, 1. Lambert's day, the seventeenth of September. He was a native of Maestricht, in the 7th century. Rb. 1, 1. Lament, lamentation. Rb. 4, 1. Lammastide, the first of August. RJ. 1, 8. From the sax. hlafmaes, that is loafmass, or breadmass, a thankfeast for the premices of grain, celebrated by bread or cake of wheat. to Landdamn, to condemn to quit the land, to exile. WT. 2, 1. This is at least the simplest interpretation, that makes supersede of Malone's landdam, to bury in earth, to kill, Hanmer's lant dam, to stop his urine by total mutilation, and Farmer's laudanum, to poison. Lane, narrow pass, or street. WT. 4, 3. Cy. 5, 2. JC. 3, 1. No doubt from planus, span. llano, as platea from platys. Languish, languishment. AC. 5, 2. RJ. 1, 2. Lank, slack. bHf. 1, 3. H. 2, 2.
to Lank, to become meager, lean. AC. 1, 4. Lank and lean, joined also in the before quoted bHf seem to be kindred, also to the goth. klahain, alem. chleno, germ. klein, provinc. leinig, schlank, by the gr. leios.
Lap, to lie in, at a lady's feet, reclining the head on her lap, was not an unusual point of gallantry. H. 3, 2. MA. 5, 2. Lap, to cover,
wrap up, to involve. Cy.
Lapse, to fall, elapse, pass away; to forfeit by lapse, to be caught, surprized, overtaken. TN. 3, 3. H. 3, 4. Co. 5, 1. Lapwing, green plover, or pewit, tringa vanellus. She is said to cry out at distance from her nest, in order to draw the searchers away from her young. This is what Shk. calls crying tongue far from heart. MM. 1, 5. MA. 3, 1. CE. 4, 2. Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 492. III, 141. cf. Euphues dedic. 2. Her young ones run out of the shell with part of it sticking upon their heads. It was generally used to express great forwardness. H. 5, 2.
Larder, buttery. Hh. 5, 3.
Lass, maid, doxy. (WT. 4, 2.) AC. 5, 2. traction of laddess.
Lasslorn, forsaken by his mistress. T. 4. Last, form of the shoemakers. RJ. 1, 2. Sax. hlaest.
to Latch, to catch, to lay hold of, in a general sense. M. 4, 3. S. Malone at S. 113. In MD. 3, 2. it is explained to lick, or smear over, to anoint; a signification asked by the context, and not surprizing, provided that the assonance of this word to the gr. lio, laō, libō, leibō, aleiphō, chliō, chlizō, leichō, lat. lingō, engl. leak, germ. lecken, lacus, lacuna, is considered. Nowhere the disfiguration of words and roots is greater and easier than in monosyllables.
to Laud, to extol, praise. aHd. 3, 3. Lat. laudare.
Laud, praise. TC. 3, 3.
to Lave, to bath. M. 3, 2. TS. 2, 1.
Lated, arrived late, surprised by the night, Leathercoats, apples commonly called russetbelated. M. 3, 3. ines, saurus L. bHd. 5, 3.
Latten, old word for brass, used also as ad-
to Leaven, to sour, ferment the dough. A
to Launch, to ramble. TC. 2, 2. Another form of to lanch, to launce, to open with the lance. AC. 5, 1.
Leaky, pierced so as to let water in or out.
Laund, lawnd, lawn, a smooth open space
to Lean, to be inclined, disposed. TA. 3, 4.
to Lease, to let by lease, to farm out. Rb. 2,1;
to Leash, to unite by a leash. He. 1. ch. S.
Lay, wager. Cy. 1, 5. 0. 2, 3. bHf. 5, 2. ditty. bHf. 1, 3. Laythoughts, secular thoughts of a lay. Hh. 1, 4.
to Lay for TA. 3, 5. or about TC. 1, 2. or to
Lea, field, or land closen with a hedge. TA.
AW. 3, 6. Germ. Lager.
to Leak, to make water, to urine. aHd. 2, 1 S. to latch; to become leaky. aHd. 4, 4.
Leer, complexion, colour, feature. AL. 4, 2.
Leman, lemman, anciently leveman, lemmon,
ᏞᎥ Lemon, stuck with cloves was a common new-to Like, to please. He. chor. 3. TG. 4, 2. Goth. year's gift. LL. 5, 2.
Lenten, sparingly, niggardly, insufficient, like
leikan, galeikan, sax. lician, gelician, placere, gr. eoikenai. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 43. Like. In Rb. 2, 1. for thy unkindness be like crooked age Johnson reads be Time's crooked edge; needlessly, we believe. For Age is Time personified; crooked (wh. s.) is an epithet of age, and in the same time could suggest to the poet's fancy a sickle, or a scythe, as emblem of Time; hence the subsequent image to crop at once a too long wither'd flower. Likeness, specious seeming virtue, form. MM. 3, 2. towards end, where Voss for How may likeness, made in crimes, Mocking practise on the times proposes How may such likeness trade in crimes Making practice on the times. See however made.
Let, hinderance, impediment, rub. He. 5, 2.
Level, just, equitable. bHd. 2, 1. conform, suitable. bHd. 4, 4. In the level within the reach; a term of gunnery. WT. 3, 2. Hh. 1, 1. opp. out of the l. ib. 2, 3. To hold the level, to rise, to reach at, to come by. aHd. 3, 2. From the lat. libella, diminutive of libra, gr. litra.
to Level, to point in taking aim, to aim at. Rc. 4, 4; to compare, to guess, gather, conclude. MV. 1, 2. AC. 5, 2. towards end. Lever, leaver, a bar to lift up things. aHd. 2, 2. From levare, fr. lever, kin to lift. Levy, raising of money, or soldiers, recruiting;
warlike power, assault. M. 3, 2. Lewd, wicked, wanton, riotous. Rc. 1, 8; ignorant, unlearned. Gifford's Ben Jons. III, 208. V, 145. From the old germ. lud, kin to los, lotter, lotterig, schlotterig, Loden, Ludel, pers. alude, stained. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 884. derives it from the sax. laeged, wicked, misled, led astray, deluded, imposed upon, betrayed, from laevan, to mislead. Libbard, leopard. LL. 5, 2. to Libel, to satirize, lampoon, slender. TɅn. 4, 4.
Liberal, libertine, licentious, too free or frank beyond honesty or decency. MA. 4, 1. 0.2, 1. TG. 3, 1. LL. 5, 2.
Lief, or lieve, dear. bHf. 3, 1; willingly. MW.
4, 2. MA. 2, 3. Sax. leof, germ. lieb. Liege, bound or held in feudal connection, liegeman. (H. 1, 1.) WT. 2, 3; sovereign. Rb. 1, 8. From liga, ligius, leigium, by ligo, to bind. Somewhat modified holl. leeg, low, base, icel. logr, swed. log, engl. low. Life. Good life, full energy and bent of mind. T. 3, 8; harmless mirth and jollity. TN. 2, 3. Lifter, thief. TC. 1, 2. to Light, to descend, dismount; to settle, rest, repose. AL. 2, 3.
Light of love, an old tune of a dance, the
Liking, condition of body, good liking, good
Limbs of Limehouse, Hh. 5, 3. race, breed, hatch, progeny of Limehouse, the residence of those, who furnish stores, sails etc. for shipping. In these manufactures number of strangers was employed, who, clashing in principles, had frequent quarrels, whence the place has ever since been famous for the variety of sects, and the turbulence of its inhabitants. Malone doubted whether this passage was levelled at the spectators, or at some apprentices and inferior citizens, who used occasionally to wear the sock or the buskin for their amusement.
Lime was put into liquor for adulteration. aHd. 2, 4; birdlime. TG. 3, 2. The lat. limus, germ. Lehm, Schlamm, Schleim, hebr. golem.
Lime, to besmear with birdlime, or to catch
with it. bHf. 1, 3. 2, 4. TN. 3, 4. MA. 3, 1. AW. 3, 5. H. 3, 3. Limekiln, a kiln, where stones are burnt to lime. In TC. 5, 1. however limekilns in the palm must be some loathsome malady. Limit, limb, the limbs being the extremities, outlines, or limits of the body. WT. 3, 2. So Steevens and Nares. This may be the meaning or sense; the signification however and propriety is time limited or appointed to women after childbearing. Limits of the charge. aHd. 1, 1. the appointed times for the conduct of the business, for the assault, attack, not for costs, as it seems.
to Limn, to paint. AL. 2, 7. Rather kin to limus and the germ. schlämmen, than to enlu
to Limp, to halt. MV. 3, 2. TS. 2, 1. AL. 2, 7.