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The P R E F A C E.
the Friendíhip of these Two we shall continue to cultivate, by that Method, by which alone, we know it can be preserved, that is, by endeavouring to deserve it.
: We likewise flatter ourselves, that we have a third Friend, which is LIBERTY; as we have constantly endeavoured to inculcate her Doctrines, and establish her Principles * : If, for this Purpose, we have now and then taken a Freedom, which fome Gentlemen think we ought not to have taken, we can assure them, that we have never done it with any View, but
engage the Attention of our READERS, to such Matters as we thought of Importance ; and if they reflect feriously upon this, we hope, that such of them, as are fincere Friends to the Principles we profefs, will excuse
If by them we are forgiven, we can have no Rea? son to fear the Resentment of others, whilst this our
third FRIEND remains in this Inand; and if the should ever be sent into Exile, we should think it an Honous to be her Companions.
See LONDON MAGAZINE for 1738, p. 241.
EXPLANATION of the FRONTISPIECE.
ONDINIĄ presented by INDUSTRY,
with a compleat COLLECTION of the VOLUMEŞ of the LONDON MAGAZINE, receives them with the Approbation of TIME and CRITICISM.
TLEMAN's Monthly Intelligencer.
For JA NU A RY, 1751.
To be Continued. (Price Six-Pence each month.) Containing, (Greater Variery, and more in Quantiry, tban any Monthly Book of obe same Price. I. Obfervations on Government, occasioned XV, Talents, Temper, Habiis, &c. of King by the D.fu'e between the French King
Charles II. and his Clergy.
XVI. Character of the late Duke of Marl. II. Character of Cleopatra, with Remarks. borough. JI. The Pleilings of Matrimony.
XVII. Observations on Sinugeling, IV. Diforder the Source of private and pub- XVIII. A Remark conce'ning Thermometers. hick Misery.
XIX. POETRY : Industry and Genius, or V. The JOURNAL of a Learned and the Origin of Birmingham ; on Miss Polly
Political Cuyp, &c. continued : Contain. Roberis; a Song ; Extracts from the Scribeing the SPEECHES of L, Muræna, Cn. Jer ad ; Mr. Ardifon's lines on the D. of Fulvius, C. Numifius, and Afranius Bus- Marlborough ; Rural Happinels; to Mr. Thus, on the Motion for an Amendment Woniche, on seeing his Collection of Picat the End of the Oath of Secrecy, con. fures ; Ode for the New Year ; a Newtained in the Mutiny Billa
Year's Gift to Mr.R. Williams ; Epigrams VI. A Defcription of Lincolnshire.
on the OEconomy of Human Life; the VII. Milchicis of Superit tion.
Fickle Fair, a new Song set to Munck, &c. VIII. The Candid Disquisitions candidly con- XX. The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER : fidered.
Sellions at the Old Bailey ; General Courts IX. Chuacter of Quisquilius, a famous Vir. of the South-Sea Company ; remarkable tuolo.
Trials, &c. &c. &c. X. Human Vanity elegantly reproved.
XXI. Promotions ; Marriages and Births ; XI. Mathematical Questions folved.
Deaths , Bankrupis.
XXIV. FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
the Tower of LONDON, finely engravid on Copper.
MULTUM IN PARV 0. LONDON: Printed for R. BALDWIN, jun, at the Rofe in Pater-Nofter-Row. Of whom may be had, compleat Sets from the Beginning to this Time, neatly Bound, or Stitch'd,
or any fingle Month to compleat Sets.
C Ο Ν N T E N T S.
Bíervations on government, occasioned Observations on (muggling, with its chief
caure and cure
ibid. che French king and his clergy 3 Character and fate of Quisquilius, a famous Mischiefs of superitition
ibid. F A Description of Lincolnshire
A defcription of the Tower of London, its The city of Linc In describ'd ibid. buildings, and various curiofities
32 The Boroughs, viz. Grimsby, Grantham, Substance of his majesty's speech 33
Stamford und Boston delcr bed, with an The two addresses, with the king's an. account of the market towns, &c. 7, 8
34, 35 The JOURNAL of a learned and political Alterations in the list of parliament
35 Clus, &c. continued
Poetry. The fickle lair, a new song lec DEBATE on the motion for adding some to mufick
36 words at the end of the oath of secrecy, A country dance contain'd in the mutiny bill
ibid. Industry and Genius, or the origin of Bir. SPEECH of L. Muræna in favour of the mingham, a fable
9 Rural happiness Arguments against the oath of secrecy ibid. A song
39 Arguments for the amendment proposed 11 To Mr. Worliche, on seeing his beautiful SPEECH O1 Cn. Fulvius against the motion
collection of pictures
ibid. To the earl of Chesterfield
40 'The oath of secrecy justified 12, 13
On the OEconomy of Human Life ibid. Arguments againit the amendment 14
The Wonder and no Wonder ibid. SPEECH of C. Numifius in lavour of the Extracts from the Scribleriad, with the armotion 15 gument of the first book
40, 43 The oath unnecessary and dangerous 15, 16 A new-year's gift to Mr. Richard Williams, SPEECK of Afranius Burrhus against the executor to the late Mr. Morgan, of motion 18 Carmarthenshire
41 Difunder the source of misery, both private Ode for the new year, in a dialogue beand pub ick
tween Fame and Virtue
ibid. Character of Cleopatra, by a French author, On Miss Polly Roberts, of L-, near with remarks
Stroud, in Gloucestershire
ibid. Matrimony and keeping compar'd, with
The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER
42 the happiness of the former, and the mic General courts of the South-Sea company fery of the latter
ibid. Tlie Candid Disquisitions candidly consi- Remarkable trials
42, 43 der'a
42 Human vanity elegantly expos’d, in the Parliament meets
43 Nory of some insects, which live but a Seffions at the Old- Bailey
Remarks on our English charity ibid. Aliccting speech of one of those inseats 2; Lines chalked on the Mutters of a ginCharacter of the late duke of Marlborough, thop
44 as drawn by Voltaire ibid, G Marriages and births
ibid. Mi. Addison's heautiful lines, address'd to Deaths
ib.d. Inis grace, when in the decline of life, Ecclefiaftical Preferments
45 and in a kind of reverie
ibid. Account of the talents, temper, habits, &c. Persons declar'd bankrupts
ibid. of K. Charles II.
Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weather A Question in navigation folved 29
46 An arithmetical question solved ibid. Monthly bill of mortality
ibid. A rema:k added to the extract concerning FOREIGN AFFAIRS
47 thermometers, in our Mag. for Dec. last Catalogue of books
30 N. B. Io our Mag. for Nov. last, p. 507. I. ult. for indicem, read judicum.
We are obliged to our correspondene for the rwo letters flitched in blue paper, wbicb shall be froperly made inje of ; and ibank bim for bio promise of future favours.-Tbe verses to Missamme Jigned r, sbe ibaratier of a young lady, tbe Invitation to dinner, and the surveying question, &c. jball be in our next.-Zerubbabel Propertone, and our Greek correspondent will not be forget.
I be country dances shall be considered. We bave received severai Rebus's, &c.
About obe Middle of January was Published,
, neatly engraved, Compleat Indexes, and several oiter Things necessary to compleat the Volume.
OBSERVATIONS on Govern
by themselves. There ought not to
be two powers in one fate. The ment : Occasioned by the late Dif- distinction between spiritural power putes between the King of France and his Clergy. Translated from
and temporal power is a remainder
of Vandal barbarousness. 'Tis the the French, published in France, same thing as if there were two and written by the celebrated Ba.A masters in my house ; I that am ihe ron de Montesquieu, Author of the father of the family ; and he that is Persian Letters, and the Spirit of the tutor of my children, and is Laws.
paid by me. I would have the tu. HE goodness of tor of my children relpecied; but I
government would by no means suffer him to consists in pro
have the lealt authority in my house. T
tecting and con- B There are in the whole world taining within four states that are of the Roman proper bounds, Catholick religion ; France, the the several pro Spanish provinces, one half of Gerfessions of the many, and Poland. In the Spanish ftate.
provinces, the government concerts vernment can be good in which with the Pope the taxes that are lo there is not a sole fupreme power. C be laid on the clergy. The queen In the moit mixt states the power of Hungary acts in the fame manresults from the consent of several ner : In the last war the obtained orders, and then it acquires its uni- leave to seize on the plate belonging ty, without which all is confusion. to churches. In Poland, the crown
In any itate whatever the greatest army lives at discretion on the lands unhappiness consists in having
the le- of the clergy, because what the gislative power opposed. The hap. D clergy pays to the republick is too py years of our monarchy were the inconsiderable. In France reason last years of Henry IV. and the improves daily, and teaches, that years under Lewis XIV. and Lewis the church ought to contribute, in XV. when these princes governed proportion to its income, towards January, 1751.
OBSERVATIONS ON GOVERNMENT. Jan. defraying the expence of the state ; fter of all ecclefiaftical polity, withand that the body which is particu- oor any restriction whatever, be Jarly appointed to teach justice, cause this ecclesiastical polity is a should be the first to give the exam- part of the government'; and that ple of it.
in the same manner as the father of It were a government fit for the a family marks down to the tutor of Hottentots, that thould allow any A his children their hours of work, certain number of men to say ; and the kind of ftadies they are to “ Those that work, are those that pursue, &c. In the same manner the ought to pay : We owe nothing be- prince may prescribe to all churchcause we are idle.” That govern- men without exception, whatever ment were offensive both to God has the least relation to publick or. and men, where some citizens might der. say ; “ The state hath given us all, B This reason tells us all, that and we owe it nothing but prayers.' whenever the prince will judge it Reason, in proportion as it draws
proper to grant to those who have towards its perfection, destroys the spilled their blood for the state, seed of religious wars : The philo- pensions on ecclefiaftical livings, sophical spirit alone hath expelled which livings are part of the patrithat plague out of the world. mony of the state, not only the mi
Should Luther and Calvin come C litary officers, but all people in bafiagain into the world, they would ness, all the citizens will bless the be as little noticed as the Scotifts prince ; and that whosoever should and Thomists. And why? Because oppose lo falutary an institution the light spread thro' all conditions would be looked upon as an enemy hath caught us, that we ought never
to his country to rise againit the religion of the In like njanner, whenever the prince ; and that rising against it D prince, who is the Thepherd of his causes dreadful calamities for whole people, fets about increating his
flock as he ought ; whenever he It is only in barbarous ages that thinks proper to restore to the right we hear of sorcerers--of dæmoni- of following the dictates of nature, acks-of kings excommunicated-of such imprudent men and women as subjects freed from their oach of al- have devoted themselves to the exlegiance by doctors.
E tinction of their kind, and made a Reason teaches us, that the prince vow fatal to the commonwealth, may let some old abuses remain ; in an age when it is not lawful to such as suffering certain affairs to be dispose of one's property, the sotidecided by the court of Rome, ety will for ever bless such a prince. which might full as well be decided There is a convent, useless to the in his own council. It shews, that world in all respects, which hath an whenever the prince thinks proper F income of 200,000 livres ; to abolish that practice, it will fall reason demonstrates, that if these like a Gothick building, which is 200,000 livres were given to 100 thrown down to be rebuilt in the officers, who should be obliged to modern taste. It shews, that when- marry, then there would be 100 ever the force is pleased to extir- good citizens rewarded, 100 girls pate a noxious abuse, the people provided for, and at the end of 10 ought, and really will, agree to it, G years, 400 souls more at least in the were that abuse of 4000 years stand- state, instead of 50 idle people : It ing
demonstrates besides, that these 50 This reason teaches us, that the idle people, restored to their country, prince ought to be the absolute ma. would plough the ground and stock