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1951. PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. trial of a' brother officer; and I' likewife believe, that they have a. The next that spoke in this Debate pretty strict regard to justice, when acas C. Salonius, whofe Speech wa the complaint is by one officer againft

to this Eft? another'; but I doubt if they have the same bias to lenity, when a poor

Mr. President, fellow of a common soldier comes to A

SIR, by tried before them, or the same Haterer doubt I may have as regard to justice, when the complaint

to the truth of the facts reis made by a'private centinel against lated to us by the Hon gentleinan who a commissioned officer, or by such an spoke laft, I have not the least doubt officer against a common foldier. of his having had such an informaAnd as to our soldiers being so well" tion; and I am fully convinced, that secured against injustice, I wonder to B he believed his information to be well hear any gentleman talk of it, that founded, otherwise he would not has ever read the report of a com.

have communicated it to the house; mittee of this hoase, made but a ve. but from the very nature of the facts ry few years ago, relating to our ar. related I cannot think, that they my; for the off-reckonings of every farnish us with a sufficient reason for regiment certainly belong to the fol. abolishing a custom, or a power, that diers of the regiment, and if not c has so long prevailed in our army, wholly employed in cloathing, the and which, when properly exercised, furplus ought to be divided among must always contribute to the prethem, or employed some way for servation of that authority, which their benefit ; the colonel has no every colonel ought to have over the right to put a shilling of it into his regiment he commands; and this own pocket.

power is the less liable to objection, I was likewise surprised, Sir, to because if it should ever be improhear it said, that no alterations or perly exercised, the error might be amendments had been lately made corrected by a board of general ofto our military laws, when every ficers, who would order the colonel one knows, that great alterations, to replace a serjeant, whom he had I shall not call them amendments, reduced and turned into the ranks, have been made both to the mutiny for a reason which he could not jusa bill, and to the articles of war, e tify. within these last three or four years : Now suppose, Sir, that the two Nay, this very power, which the men at your door, upon being cala colonel has over the staff officers of led in and examined, should, and I his regiment, has been but lately believe they would, give the same brought into our articles of war ; accourt that the Hon. gentleman and it is no excuse for any oppressive has done : Nay, I will go farther, I regulation, to fay, that it is founded


will suppose the facts to be true ; yet upon an old custom ; for such a cuí- can it be supposed, that they can tom, when taken notice of, instead of tell the motives which the colonel being confirmed, should be abolished, had for turning them into the ranks? by a written law; this was what in. Can any one with certainty tell those duced me to offer this clause to your motives but the colonel himself? He confideratios, which muft, I think, might have had other motives for be approved of by every gentleman doing what he did, and such motives, who believes the story I have related; perhaps, as these men would indurand if any one doubts the facts, he trioully conceal, even tho they may eally fatisfy himself, by calling were fenfible of their being wel in and examining the two men, who

founded, are now attending at your door,

L-d Goise.

112 Horrible Mischiefs of GIN-DRINKING: March founded. But again, suppose that the folve on, I hope you will not call colonel had no other motives than soldiers to your bar to traduce the what are alledged, I will say, that character of their officers, unless it would be a very ungrateful return those officers were likewise present ; in us, to take a power from the co

therefore, however gentlemen may lonel, which he seems to have ex. think fit to vote as to the principal ercised purely out of regard to the A question, I hope, no gentleman will freedom of our elections ; for no. be for having those men now called thing can be of more dangerous con

in and examined. If you do resolve sequence to the freedom of elections, to examine them, I hope, for the than the army's intermeddling, or sake of justice, you will at the same the soldiers interfering in any of

time give the officers an opportunity those mobs that usually happen upon

to justify themselves; but upon the such occalions. If this should ever B whole I must think the affair of such become customary, as the noble lord a trifling nature, as no way to deserve was pleased to observe, another the interposition of parliament, espeCaius Marius may arise in this coun- cially as it is of no manner of confe. try; for I must suppose that it was quence with regard to the question by a mob of soldiers, the Roman now before us. Caius Marius got the candidate for [This JOURNAL to be continued in the tribuneship murdered, who set Cour next] up against his intereft. Therefore, whatever the serjeant might think, 900000!!******* a soldier's joining in such a mobbish cry at an election, was not such a tri- To the Author of the LONDON filing matter : It was a matter of such

MAGAZINE. consequence that he ought to have

To banish Gin, let each good man con. taken notice of it, and of the man D (pire,

[ftre. that was guilty of it ; and he ought

As he'd rebellion quench or spreading to have made it a part of his report

From a MS. to the commanding officer upon

SIR, guard. His not doing so was a


riodical proceeded probably from his igno- inculcated doctrines highly useful to rance as to the consequence, the E the publick ; but give me leave to punishment, if it can be called a pu- affert, that you never gave place to nifhment, may be thought too fevere ; a subject, the due prosecution of therefore, instead of coming to this which could be of more essential house to complait, where surely advantage to these nations in general, he can meet with no redress, he as well as to individuals, than that ought to have made use of his friends

I am now going to lay before you. to have pleaded his ignorance for F. The subject I mean is Gin; that his excuse, and to have folicited his subtile poison which glides pleasantly being restored, which by this me- thro' the veins ; that liquid fire which thod he might probably' have foon parches the entrails ; and debauch. obtained.

ing, and unhumanizing (if I may be I have said, Sir, that these men allowed the term) the understanding, cannot surely expect any redress from rouses the mad quaffer to theft, murthis house, and I think I am right in der, and the most enormous crimes. saying to; because it would look like To remedy this horrid, this far our punishing a colonel for sewing spreading evil, one pencil has been a regard to the freedom of our elec- taken up (that of the very ingenious tions ; but whatever you may re: moral painter, Mr. Hogarth) as fome



1751. Extracts from the Bishop of Worcester's Dedication. 113 writers of eminence have likewise plies for national service, by murdering their pens, among which that of its inhabitants, and lefening trade juftice Fielding makes a very confide- in numberless branches. It is indeed rable figure.

very true, that there is no positive But among the several pieces, on law, no formal injunction, to comthis most interesting subject, perused by mit these numerous murders. But me, none seems so emphatical, and A yet it is as true, that whatever inso much to the purpose, as the dedica- dulgence is allowed in cases less tion, (concerning /pirituous liquors,) atrocious, in the death of a subject, to the lord mayor, aldermen and the law conliders every person concommon council of the city of Lon. cerned as principal, and does not don, by the present bishop of Wor- even admit of accelaries in murder. celter ; prefixed to a charity sermon, Nor is it less certain, that connivance preached by his lordship, at St. B in cases of this nature is encourageBride's. As I look upon the reflec- ment, according to the allowed tions, the exhortations in that dedi. maxim, qui non probibit jubet. The cation to be excellent; the farther Sword of authority is not borne they are spread, the more happy may in vain ; and it is the great end and be their influence : And it is solely design in government to preserve in this view that I send you the fole life, as well as property ; and with lowing extracts. (See p. 83.) C this view, to punish, restrain, and, if · How falutary, how delicate, how poffible, extinguich wickedness of sagacious are the following reflec- every kind : And the more enortions of the bishop! “ Is the loss of mous and extensive any vice becomes, a single subject by murder, or is a theft, for example, in the publick fingle robbery made capital, and ac- streets or private houses, or forgery, tually punished with death? And is or murder, the more serious and earnit of no consequence, is it below all D est endeavours are in all such cases attention and regard, if thousands of justly called for, to discourage and lives are every year destroyed ; and suppress the growing evil."-Surely, the publick defrauded of the mani- every British senator, who has a fold advantages, all the riches and soul turned to virtue, and a due reftrength, that would arise from the gard to the happiness of his native multitudes of its loft subjects. The country, will be moved by the above antient precaution, Ne quid detrimenti E considerations. capiat respublica, is a primary con- The sabsequent extract claims the sideration in every well ordered state: most serious attention of every inAnd if any species of liquor, tho' habitant in our island, as all are perhaps somewhat lower in the more or lets concerned in it.--"How operation, does yet prove as per- many commodities, and how many nicious and fatal as infected meat utensils does this pernicious gin fupor infected goods, is there not the F plant or supply the place of, to those same reason in true policy, and the wretches addicted to it, who as get fame justice to the community, to lay crawl about, a publick nuisance ? restraints upon liquid, as upon folid How much less bread.corn, malt, poisons "Is it possible for any re- hops ; how much less meat of all fication to be more alarming? kinds; how much less cloaths, both These which follow appear to me

linen, woollen and leather, &c. &c. no less 10.~" Unhappy Britain, and G &c. do these besotted, miserable creaundone for ever! If the boasted tures consume, than an equal numwisdom of the present enlightned ber of fober and laborious subjects age, even in a time of publick peace of the fame rank? Look in upon and tranquillity, can only raise fup- she dwelling of a regular, induftrious



March, 1751.


114 LETTER to the Vice-Chancellor of Oxford. Marchi
workman of the like occupation
with the saves to Gin : How many

A LETTER to the Rev. the Vicetrades have been employed to pro.

Chancellor of Oxford, to be read vide cloaths, and furnish a homely,

in Convocation. but decent and cleanly habitation

Mr. Vice-Chancellor, for himself, his wife, and healthy

N the 'course of several years children, while the noisome and fil- A which I had the honour to be thy abode of gin-drinkers, if they chosen, without sollicitation, one of have any fettled abode at all, shall the representatives of the university be void of every thing decent, or in parliament, I have never imputed even necessary? And no wonder, that choice to any merit of my own, for this intoxicating liquor, which but have always understood that consumes the little that they earn mark of the favour of the university (and very little they do earn) docs B to me, to have been the effect of ser. literally become their victuals, drink. vices, which the ability and good and cloaths; as variety of tradesmen fortune of my ancestors enabled them daily find by fad experience." to perform to a society deserving of

To transcribe every excellency, the best services ; and which a foci. in the dedication in question, would ety less deserving would have long be tranfcribing the whole. But as

fince forgotten. neither justice would permit me to C Intent to acquit myself of this do this, nor the liinits of your useful great trust to the utmost extent of Work, I shall conclude with the fol. my ability, I have considered it nei. lowing ftriking reflection.-“ If the ther as the means of cabal nor ad. growing evil (lays the bishop,) is still vancement, but as a civil crust ; in neglected, and debauchery, vice and the execution of which it has always murder are still to increase; if death been a circumstance particularly aand hell are to open their jaws yet D greeable to me, to find myself the wider, what can be hoped for here- representative of a free and indepenafter?--Hereafter, when every pre- dent society. And tho' I have not tence, I cannot say argument, for this been able to serve that society in oindulgence' will have acquired new ther respects as I have wished to do, force; when, like other bad practices I have served the univerfity free and bad habits, this also will spread however, and independent ; indeand gain strength by time ; when E pendent not only of ambition and private profit will become more ex: interest, but of party too ; without tensive, and of course its efforts which there is no independence.more powerful ; and when large ad- Dependent only upon the great maxditions will be made to the produce, ims of justice, and upon the spirit of this tax. What is then to be ex- and forms of the constitutiou of our pected, if no redress, no remedy is

country. provided now? The ruinous scene F It has been in that view, particu. that must, in this case, e'er long ap- larly, that I have found satisfaction pear, is too plain to need description, in every confirmation of the choice and too dreadful to be looked upon of me by the university, as a de. without the utmost grief and horror!"

monstration to myself and to the
That the above patriot reflections world, of their approbation of the
may have their due weight with impartiality of my conduct; and
those whose province, whote duty it G which, in that light, has reflected
is to remedy' every publick evil, is perhaps no dilonour upon them-
the hearty prayer of;

But as I believed from the first,
Your humble servant, and have long experienced, that a


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1751. Supplement to the Economy of Human Life. 115 trust of such a nature, and so under- the university is, and ought to be to stood, is no light undertaking, I the good order and to the conftitutihave for some time perceived my on of my country, as well as to the health particularly unequal to that enlightning and adorning it. It must service ; unable to perform the duty therefore ever be my ardent wish, to of attendance in the house of com. see that source of national welfare mons ; unsatisfied to let any perso. A unincumbered with whatever may nal considerations of my own (even interrupt the constant course of real that of health itself) interfere, how. knowledge and virtue ; which atrenever necessary, with my services tive and fenfible discipline will ever which I owed to the university, and produce, and which are so efíential to my country': Convinced too, be. to the honour and interest of the yond a doubt, from some experi university, and to the service, the ence, that my continuance in the B happiness, and the glory of the house of commons would produce kingdom necessarily to be derived no advantage to either, I please my. from thence. self in thinking that I do the best In my situation I shall never lose service I can now do to the univer- sight of these great interests ; and it fity, in giving them an opportunity will always be the highest satisfaction to make a better choice. And I to me to see the real intereits of the have therefore accepted the honour C univeráty pursued by themselves, and (which his majesty's goodness would advanced by others'; as it would be perhaps have conferred on me some the greatest happiness to me to ap. years ago). of being called up to the prove myself, upon all occasions, barony of my father, in the house their grateful servant and their faith. of lords : An honour which I have ful friend. received now with the greater will. With these sentiments of my heart, ingness, because I had full confidence D I take my leave of the university, that I should occasion thereby nei. resigning the trust which they reposed ther prejudice nor inconvenience of in me ; and I persuade myself, that any kind to the university ; whose they will do me the juftice to beinterests and honour I must ever have lieve me, with the greatest gratitude at heart, and whose quiet and unani- and regard, mity, if pollible, I must therefore Their long.obliged, particularly with preserved upon all e and ever-faithful servant, &c. occasions, and especially in the exercise of this great privilege, in A SUPPLEMENT to the OECONOMY which they have so fingularly main- of Human LIFE *In the. Jame tained an independence and dignity, Manner and Stile, fo glorious to ihemselves, lo exein

REPENTANCE, plary to the rest of the nation, so truly preserving the spirit as well as F

of the forms of the constitution of England.

root in thy heart. Listen to couniels In being thus removed from their which point out the way to the land immediate service, the university, I hope, will do me justice to believe, But man hath perverted his way. I can never withdraw my felf from The glaring lightning of wild demy attachment to that society. For


fires hath turned his eyes from the besides perloral obligations to my-gentle rays of truth. He hach for self, which I must always acknow- taken her steps, which lead to the ledge, I know of what consequence garden of pure delight.

Though See some ex!ra.Is frem ibis adaired piece, is our Mag. for Dec, laji, p. 550-553.

A Let the words of wisdoin take

of peace.

P 2

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