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1751. Mare Extracts from the Phil. Transactions. 121

That these pieces have been used thereby become less, their periodical as money I think exceeding clear, times will also be diminished. Thus from their different degrees of per- in time the earth ought to come withfection, some being worn almost quite in the region of Venus, and in fine smooth, others having iinperfect into that of Mercury, where it would busts without letters, and others again neceffarily be burnt. Hence it is mahaving both the busts and inscrip. A nifeft, that the system of the planets tions fair and legible; which could cannot last for ever in its (prelent) not happen, I think, but from their

ftate. It also incontestably foldifferent wear as money. But then lows, that this system must have how such quantities of them should had a beginning : For whoever debecome scattered, as if lown, in this nies it, mult grant me, that there and other Roman stations, is a diffi- was a time, when the earth was culty I must leave to those better B at the distance of Saturn, and even versed in these matters to resolve. farther; and consequently, that no

living creature could subsist there. Part of a Letter from Leonard Euler, Nay, there must have been a time,

Prof. Math. at Berlin, and F.R.S. when the planets were nearer to some To the Rev. Mr. Caspar Westein,

fixt star than to the fun ; and in this Chaplain to his Royal Highness the case they could never come into the Prince of Wales, concerning the solar fyftem. This then is a proof, gradual Approach of the Earth to purely physical, that the world, in the Sun. After mentioning an

its present state, must have had a beArabick MS. at Leyden, which ginning, and must have an end. In contains a History of Astronomical

order to improve this notion, and to Observations, and wishing the same find with exactitude, how much the were translated, he says :

years become shorter in each cen

D tury, I am in hopes that a great AM very impatient to see such a number of older observations will

work, which contains obferva- afford me the neceffary succours. tions, that are not so old as those recorded by Prolemy. For having An Account of an extraordinary Mecarefully examined the modern ob- teor feen in the county of Rutland, fervations of the fun with those of

wbich refembled a Water-Spout; some centuries past, altho' I have E

by Tho. Barker, E/g;

EPT. 15, 1749, a remarkable century, in which I have found meteor was seen in Rutland, Walther's observations made at Nu- which I suspect to have been of the remberg; yet I have observed, that fame kind as fpouts ac sea. It was the motion of the fun (or of the a calm, warm, and cloudy day, earth) is sensibly accelerated fince with some gleams and showers ; the that time ; so that the years are F barometer low and falling, and the fhorter at present than formerly: wind S. and small. The spout came The reason of which is very nalural; between 5 and 6 in the evening ; at for if the earth, in its motion, fuffers

8 came a thunder-shower, and storm some little resistance (which cannot of wind, which did mischief in be doubted, fince the space thro' some places ; and then it cleared up which the planets move, is necessa- with a brisk N. W. Wind. nily full of some fubtile matter, G

The earliest account I have was were it no other than that of light)

from Seaton.

A great smoke role the effect of this refiftance will gra- over or near Gretton, in Northampdually bring the planets nearer and tonshire, with the likeness of fire, nearer the sun; and as their orbits either one fingle flath, as the miller March, 1756.

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March said, or several bright arrows dart

From the Rambler, March 9. ing down to the ground, and repeated for some time, as others say. Yet Ipfa quoque assiduo labuntur tempora some who saw it, did not think there

[fiftere flumen,

Non fecus ac flumen : neque enim conwas really any fire in it, but that the

Nec levis hora poteit ; sed ut unda im. bright breaks in a black cloud look

pellitur unda,

[priorem, ed like it. However, the whirling, A

Urgeturque prior veniente, urgetque breaks, roar, and smoke, frighten- Tempora sic fugiunt pariter pariterque ed both man and beast. Coming fequuntur.

OVID. down the hill, it took up water from IFE, says Seneca, is a voyage, the river Welland, and passing over in the progress of which, we Seaton field, carried away several are perpetually changing our scenes ; Thocks of Itubble; and crossing Glais- we first leave childhood behind us, ton and Morcot lordships, at Pilton B then youth, then the years of ripened town's end, tore off two branches, manhood, then the latter and more and carried one of them a good way. pleasing part of old age.” The perIn a hedge-row in the meadow, at ufal of this passage, having incited right angles to the spout's course, in me a train of reflections on the stood an oak and an alh 15 yards a- state of man, the incessant fluctuafunder; the oak, a young found one, tion of his withes, the gradual change 16 inches thick, ii splie two yards C of his dispositions to all external ob. down, and one half fell to the jects, and the thoughtlesness with ground, but was not quite parted which he floats along the stream of from the other ; the ash, about 8 time, I sunk into a sumber, and, on inches thick, was torn off in the a sudden, found my ears filled with middle, and carried 10 or 12 yards. the tumult of labour, the shouts of Between and on each side of these

alacrity, the shrieks of alarm, the trees were other smaller ones, which D whistle of winds, and the dash of were not hurt: I heard of no harm it did after, but breaking and scat- My astonishment, for a time, represtering a few boughs. I saw it pass sed my curiosity ; but soon recover from Pilton over Lyndon lordthip, ing myself so far as to enquire whi. like a black smoky cloud, with ther we were going, and what was bright breaks ; an odd whirling mo. the cause of such a clamour and zion, and a roaring noise, like a dir. E confusion, I was told, we were launche tant wind, or a great flock of Theep ing out into the ocean of life, that we galloping along on hard ground ; it had already passed the streights of was divided into two parts all the infancy, in which multitudes had way it went, and, tho' there was no

perished, some by the weakness and wind, moved apace from S. by W. fragility of their vessels, and more to N. by E. As it went by a quar- by the folly, perverseness, or negli, ter of a mile E. from me, I saw F gence of those who undertook to some straws fall from it, and a part, iteer them; and that we were now like an inverted cone of rain, reach- on the main sea, abandoned to the ed down to the ground. Some who winds and billows, without any other were milking, said it came all round means of security, than the care of them like a thick mitt, whirling and the pilot, whom it was always in our parting, and, when that was past, a power to chuse, among great numAtrong wind for a very little while, G bers that offered their direction and tho' it was calm both before and af.

allistance. ter, It then passed off between I then looked round, and turning Edithweston and Hambleton, but my eyes behind me, saw a stream flow; how much farther I do not know,

ing thro'flowery iflands, which those

. who

waters,

court

10751. The VOYAGE of LIFE.

1:23 who were sailing along seemed to be- course, or if he turned aside for a hold with pleasure; but no sooner moment, he soon forgot the rudder, touched, than the current, which tho' and left himself again to the disposal not noisy or turbulent, was yet irre- of chance. fiftible, bore them away. Beyond these This negligence did not proceed ilands all was darkness, nor could from indifference, or from weariness any of the passengers describe the A of their present condition ; for not Thore at which he firit embarked. one of those, who thus rushed upon

Before me, and on each side, was destruction, failed, when he was an expanse of waters violently agita- finking, to call loudly upon his ted, and covered with so thick a associates for that help which could milt, that the most perspicacious eye not now be given him, and many could see but a little way. It spent their last moments in cautionappeared to be full of rocks and B ing others against the folly, by which whirlpools, for many funk unex- they were intercepted in the midst pectedly, while they were

of their course. Their benevolence ing the gale with full fails, and in- was sometimes praised, but their adsulting those whom they had left monitions were unregarded. behind. So numerous, indeed, were The vessels, in which we had emthe dangers, and so thick the dark. barked, were confessedly unequal to ness, that no caution could confer C the turbulence of the ftream of life, security. Yet there were many, who, and were visibly impared in the course by falle intelligence, betrayed their of the voyage, so that every passenger followers into whirlpools, or by vio. was certain, that how long loever he lence pushed those whom they found might, by favourable accidents, or in their way against the rocks. by incessant vigilance, be preserved,

The current was invariable and he must fink at last, insurmountable ; but tho it was im. D This necessity of perishing might possible to fail againit it, or to re- have been expected to sadden the turn to the place that wasonce passed, gay, and intimidate the daring, at yet it was not so violent as to allow least to keep the melancholy and no opportunities for dexterity or cou- timorous in perpetual torments, and rage, since tho' none could retreat hinder them from any enjoyment of back from danger, yet they might the varieties and gratifications which often avoid it by oblique direction. E nature offered them as the solace of

It was, however, not very common their labours ; yet, in effect, none to steer with much care or prudence; fecmed less to expect destruction, for, by fome universal inlatuation, than those to whom it was most every man appeared to think himself dreadful; they all had the art of fase, tho' he saw his consorts every concealing their danger from themmoment sinking round him, and no selves; and those who knew their sooner had the waves closed over F inability to bear the light of the terthem, than their fate and their mif. rors that embarrassed their way, conduct were forgotten ; the voyage took care never to look forward, was pursued with the same jocund con- but found some amusement for the fidence ; every man congratulated present moment, and generally enhimself upon the soundness of his ves- tertained themselves by playing with fel, and believed himself able to stem Hope, who was the constant allociate the whirlpool in which his friend was G of the voyage of life. swallowed, or glide over the rocks Yet all that Hope ventured to proon which he was dashed ; nor was mise, even to tlole whom the favoured is often observed that the fight of molt, was not that they should escape, á wreck made any man change his but that they hould fink lait ; and

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124

The VOYAGE of LIFE. March with this promise every one was fatif- rocks of Pleasure, that they were unafied, tho he laughed at the rest for ble to continue their course with the seeming to believe it. 'Hope, indeed, same strength and facility as before, seemed to mock the credulity of her but floated along timorously and companions ; for in proportion as feebly, endangered by every breeze, their vessels grew leaky, she redoubled and shattered by every ruffle of the her assurances of safety, and none A water, till they funk, by flow dewere more busy in making provifi- grees, after long struggles and inons for a long voyage, than they, numerable expedients, always rewhom all but themselves faw likely pining at their own folly, and warnto perish soon by irreparable decay. ing others against the first approach

In the midst of the current of life to the gulph of Intemperance. was the gulph of Intemperance, a There were artists who professed to dreadful whirlpool, interspersed with B repair the breaches and stop the leaks rocks, of which the points were con- of the vessels, which had been shat, cealed under water, and the tops were tered on the rocks of Pleasure ; many covered with herbage, on which appeared to have great confidence in Eule spread couches of repose, and their skill, and some, indeed, were with shades, where Pleasure warbled preserved from finking, who had rethe song of invitation. Within light ceived only a single blow ; but I of these rocks all who sailed on the C remarked, that few

vessels lasted long ocean of life were necessarily to pass. which had been much repaired, nor Reafon, indeed, was always at hand was it found that the artists themselves to steer the passengers thro' the nar- continued afloat longer than those row outlet, by which they might who had least of their aslistance. escape ; but very few could, by her The only advantage, which, in intreaties or remonftrances, be in- the voyage of life, the cautious had duced to put the rudder into her D above the negligent, was, that they hand, without ftipulating that she sunk later and more suddenly ; for should approach so near the rocks of they passed forward till they had somePleasure, that they might solace them- times seen all those in whose comfelves with a short enjoyment of that pany they had issued from the straits delicious region, after which they of infancy, perish in the way, and at always determined to pursue their last were overset by a cross breeze, course without any other deviation. F without the toil of resistance, or the

Reafon was too often prevailed up- anguish of expectation ; but such as on so far by these promises, as to had been battered upon the rocks of venture her charge within the eddy Pleasure, commonly funk by sensible of the gulph of Intemperance, where, degrees, contended long with the indeed, the circumvolution was weak, encroaching waters, and harrassed but yet interrupted the course of the themselves with labours that scarce vesél, and drew it, by insensible ro. E Hope herself could Aatter with success. tations, towards the center. Reason As I was looking upon the vari: then always repented her temerity, ous fate of the multitude about me, and with all her force endeavoured I was suddenly alarmed with an ad. to retreat ; but the draught of the monition from some unknown power, gulph was generally too ftrong to be “ Gaze not idly upon others, when overcome, and the passenger having thou thyself art finking. Whence is danced in circles with a pleasing and G this thoughtless tranquillity, when giddy velocity, at last was over- thou and they are equally endan. whelmed and loft

. Those few whom gered ?" I looked, and seeing the Reafon was able to extricate, gene- gulph of Intemperance before me, Tally received so many socks from started and waked,

points which shot out from the

1751. A Surveying Question proposed and answered.

125

A QUESTION in SURVEYING. Surveying in a trian

B В gular field ABC standing at the < R, I took the < ABC and found it 98° 48'; then I measured the fide AC, and found it 105 poles (or perches) and the sum of the other two fides to be = 135 poles. A Required the sides and area of the field, with the geometrical construction of the same.

В.

The ANSWER. The geome

:D trical constructi. on is thus: Draw AD=135, the fum of the two fides, and from D draw DC infinitely to C, so that the ADC Thallbek ABC; then draw AC= 105 the given A line, and from C draw BC; so that <BCD shall be = BDC, and its done ; for the A ABC is the thing required ; for ABC = < BCD + BDC, (by 32 Eucl. 1.) but <BCD =BDC; therefore BC = BDC (by 5, 6 Eucl. 1.) and AB + BC = AD. Q. E. D. Now A B measured is = 85, and BC = 50, hence the area is 2100 poles, or 13 acres and 20 poles. The following is such an affecting

being of a state, methinks every Remonftrance against the increafing ought to exert himself, to roule an

man of abilities in the kingdom Abuse of Spirituous Liquors, that we could not forbear inserting it into which pleasure and luxury have

unthinking people from the lethargy (See p. 112.) A Letter from a Gentleman in the A this important work the author of

plunged them. And need I call to Country to bis Friend in Town.

Or, will he pretend want SIR,

of leisure as an excufe ? Your houfe, HE fatal and destructive effects Sir, is on fire : You will not, I hope,

of the excessive use of spiri. fit down to consider whether you tuous liquors, especially Gin, being have time to quench it. Pity your at present a general subject of con- finking country. Save your poor versation, and there being some rea- B distracted fellow-creatures, who are fon to hope something may be done destroying themselves, and if they to put a stop to it, by the legislature's be not restrained, will involve you being apprized of the senle of the and your family in the general ruin. nation on that head, which they are If it be certain, that, since the inalways ready to attend to ; in a mat- troduction of fpirituous liquors, the ter of such consequence, as the very

number

TH

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