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168 The BULL shewn in its true Colours. April dispensation. The translator has ob- dispensation itself, unless you will served in it the fame regimen, and say, that it takes away with one hand has diftinguished those two articles what it has given with the other, by a single comma. See how M. This then is, probably, what the holy de la Chapelle makes the pope say father meant : Perceiving how odiquite the contrary to what he ex ous the violation of a treaty backed pressed in his brief. If you consult A by an oath would appear, and that the original, you will fee with the upon fo flight a pretence as that of first całt of the eye, that the oaths the bare inconveniency which the are plainly included in the dispensa- king might suffer by it, he acquaints tion, and not in the exceptions or the confessor, that he is to take good the reserved cases.

heed to impose on the king, in those Another more specious argument cases, good works really pleasing to in favour of the bull, and which has B God, for instance, alms large enough also flipped you, is, that this dispen. to make a kind of compensation, fation feems to be conditional, and according to Daniel's exhortation to to have a limitation which falves all. Nebuchadnezzar, Redeem thy fins The king's confeffor is to make use by alms. Now for a fin of the naof it only conformable to the will ture of perjury, there requires givof God,' and only fo far as it all ing abundantly to the poor. have nothing contrary to the falva- C When I had found out this explition of the king and queen. Indul- cation, I Aattered myself with having gemus, vt confefjor valeat commutare hit the mark. In the conversation voiam nec non juramenta in alia which I had with my abbé, which I opera pietatis, prout fecundum Deum, have mentioned' to you already, I & animarum faluti viderit convenire. did not fail to communicate my conThis corrective seems fufficient for jecture to him, and even with a sort us not to be any longer warranted to Dof confidence. But he fell a laughsay, that the bull furnishes the kings ing, and answered me, that if I had of France with a moft easy expedic been better acquainted with the forms tot to violate the faith of treaties.

of the Roman chancery, I should A wise confeffor, who shall be atten. not have put myself to the expence tive to these last words, will not ab. of fixing precise ideas to those ex. folve the king from his oath without pressions. They are merely phrases great precautions.

When he shall E of ftile, said he to me, and which consult the will of God and the in ought not to be insisted on. terests of the princes falvation, he When I had gotten this key, I cannot abuse the power which is pac no longer puzzled myself about those into his hands.

little forms. I left the out-works to See, Sir, whether I do not fur. come to he body of the place. I nish means of defence, which are aked him how he understood this disat least as good as yours, I mean as F pensation from the oaths which might dazzling ; for as for solidity, they a little incommode the king ! He have no more than the foregoing. frankly owned to me that it was an Weigh well the terms of the buli, inexplicable enigma to him, and that and you will see that this limitation, he did not comprehend it. I might which at first sight seems so specious, have answered him, that the bull did falls only upon the choice of the not fin in obscurity, that, on the works of piety which the confessor G contrary, its fault was having spoken Thall impose upon the prince, to com too plain. pensate for the vows and the oaths, I believe, Sir, that thus it is that from which he shall absolve him. you judge of it now, and that after This restriction cannot regard the the little discussion in which you have

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1951. A true Copy of the BULL 169 engaged me, it appears evident to of France had bound themselves by you, that the bull excuses the kings indissoluble knots, did not stand to of France from keeping their oaths untie them by little and little. It when they find them a little incon. does not appear that, to disengage venient, and that by the help of a those princes, he made use of St. little equivalent in works of piety, Peter's keys; but luckily calling to they may infringe them in furety A mind, that the successors of that of conscience. This believed chief of the apostles are also furnishthat he gratified king John by thus ed with two swords, he drew one making perjury smooth to him. of them, and cut at once the Gor.

M. Barbeirac, in his notes upon diaa knot. I am, &c. Puffendorff, has quoted a fine passage from Libanius; which explains how

Here follows an entire copy of men may sometimes come to abandon B this remarkable Bull

, as mentioned themselves to perjury. His thought in the preceding letter. is, that there is but a small number

A Brief from Pope CLEMENT VI. of them who commit this crime out

in Favour of John King of France, of a principle of impiety. The

and Queen JOAN. greatest number reckon upon the in-. finite mercy of God, which they Quod Confeffor poteft mutare Vota, & flatter themselves will be extended C Juramenta eorum. even to perjurers. There are some

LEMENS Epifcopus, feruus fermen, who seeing their affairs desperate, vorum Dei, carillimis in Chrifto and that they have but one single filuis, Joanni Regi & Yoannæ Regia expedient left to bring themselves n° Francie illuftribus, Salulen out of trouble, venture an oath. apoftolicam benedi&lionem. Votis vefThey raise to themselves an illusion tris libenter annuimus, iis præcipuè thereupon, and flatter themselves D per quæ, ficut piè desideratis, pacem, that by facrifices, vows and offerings & jalutem animæ, Deo propitio, cona they may obtain from heaven the sequi valearis. Hinc eft quòi nos vefpardon of this false oath. After all, tris fupplicationibus inclinati, vobis 'the punishment for perjury is a dir & fucceforibus veftris, regibus & re. tant evil, and the disorder of their ginis Francia, qui pro tempore fuerints affairs is an evil which requires an ac veftrum & eorum cuilibet, autto. immediate remedy *. If this heathen Eritate apoftolica, tenore prafentium, ix grator could have seen the bull of perpetuum indulgemus, ut confejor reClement VI. what would he have ligiofus, vel fecularis, quem veftrum fạid of this easy manner of com & eorum quilibet duxerit eligendum, muting oaths, when they are never vola per vos forfitan jam emisa, ac so little inconvenient ?

per vos & fucceffores vestros in pola Among the antient Romans, the terum emittenda, ultramarino, ac pontiffs had fometimes a right to F beatorum Patri & Pauli apoftolorum, absolve vows, and to take cognizance ac caftitatis & continentiæ votis dunof oaths. In certain cases they be taxat exceptis ; nec non juramenta per lieved that they might commute vos præfita, & per vos & eos pras them, and settle the value of them. fanda in pofterum, quæ vos & illi sera But they were generally timorous vare commodè non possetis, vobis & persons, whom the least scruple stop. cis commutare valeat in alia opera ped. Their successors have known G pictaris, prout fecundum Deum, & how to decide these sort of que!tions animarum vefirarum, & vorum saluti more boldly, witness our Clement, viilerit expedire. Nulli ergo omnino This cunning man, in case the kings hominum liceat hanc paginam nofira April, 1751.

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PETITION of the SPIRIT S. April conceffionis infringere, vel ei aufu te of this land deal fairly and safely merario contraire. Si quis autem hoc with them; but at the same time attentare præsumpserit, indignationem they make bold to remonstrate, that omnipotentis Dei, to beatorum Pari they ought not to have harder mea& Pauli apoftolorum ejus, se noverit fure than some of their relations of incurfurum.

less fiery qualities, who have nothing Datum Avinioni XII. calend. A else to urge in their behalf, but that Maji, anno nono.

they dispatch those who abuse them

only in about half the time that your From the London Gazetteer.

petitioners do it. To the Right Worshipful FOOL of exceeding detrimental to civil society,

That drunkenness being a crime Great Britain. The humble Remonftrance and Pe- B spect of persons, or regard to the

it ought to be punished, without retition of the SPIRITS ;

liquor wherewith a man intoxicates Shiweth,

himself. THAT tho' sundry demerits That the state suffers more pre

may be pleaded to justify an judice from the intemperance of indictment or presentment against m-g-s, 1-n-s, p-yass, your petitioners, the blame of all ad—s, g—Is, and others in publick the mischiefs said to be occasioned C stations, than from the drunkenness by them, ought to be laid at the of coblers, porters, car-men, &c. door of the weak or evil minded and if so, then it is good logick to wretches that abuse them ; for not. conclude, that wine ought to be prowithstanding they are of a very hibited rather than geneva, &c. sharp, petulant constitution, yet they That the abuse of any thing is no never injure any but such as try their argument for its being prohibited or temper too often, or provoke them D loaded with high duties, otherwise beyond measure.

it would be requifite to lay a heavy That tho' multitudes of the lower tax on beef, plumb pudding, custard, class of people, besides too many of and ragoo's, because many great and a better rank, have been guilty of middling folks shorten their days by great misdemeanors, both with re cramming themselves too much theregard to themselves and their neigh- with, as all honeft eminent physicians bours, for want of being sufficiently E can attest and demonstrate. upon their guard against your pe That gold and silver ought not to titioners ; yet such evils ought no be banished the commonwealth, bemore to be charged to their account, cause one may find abundance of who are but passive inftruments or men of all ranks and degrees, who ingredients, than the sword of a man would not scruple to sell their coun. who kills his fellow creature for a

try, and barter all that is good and point of honour, ought to be in. f praiseworthy in the fight of God and dicted for murder, or the rope which man for it. puts an end to the troubles of him That all reformations should be. that hangs himself in a fit of melan- gin at the head, otherwise the tail choly or despair.

never can be kept in order. That your petitioners humbly ap That most of the unhappy females prehend there is a plot hatching that ply about the streets of this meagainst them, the true nature and G tropolis, owe their ruin to winefull extent of which they are not yet bibbers, and seldom or never let informed of. They acknowledge themselves out to gin-drinkers, till it very necessary that some methods the former have cast them off. fhould be taken to make the people 5

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1751.
. STORY OF CLEORA.

171 Wherefore your petitioners hum. lihood, either by binding myself to bly beg your worship to take the some genteel business, or by serving premises into your serious conside. some lady as her maid, she as often ration, and draw such consequences flew in a passion, and told me, there therefrom, as in your great wisdom had not been a trade in her family you shall judge proper.

for these 200 years, and she had And your petitioners, as in duty A rather see me starve than go to service, bound, will ever pray, &c. I thought this an odd way of reason.

ing; for, proud as she seemed to be, The FOLLY of Persons priding them she was mean enough to folicit, and felves upon their noble Difcent,

accept of private charities, her an. without Means to support it: In the nuity being but 151. a year. She Story of Cleora.

had a part of a house to herself; WAS the only daughter of a half. B her parlour was elegantly furnished, pay captain ; my father was of

her buffet adorned with several pieces the younger branch of a very poor of old family plate ; and, I verily noble family, and my mother a dis believe, she would rather have wanted tant relation before marriage, but bread (which, by the bye, she very

ofhad no fortune. As I was their on ten did)than have sold a tea spoon that ly child, they spared no cost on my had the family arms upon it. But, education ; and if my circumstances C alas! how different was that part of were to have been judged by the her furniture which was out of sight! manner in which I was brought up, For while her parlour looked like no one would have imagined but that of a princess, her bedchainber that I was to have had goool. at resembled that of a beggar. Her least, to my portion ; but instead of

whole conversation was the geneathis, I had not the least prospect of logy of her family ; and all her a fixpenny piece from any relation or D thoughts seemed to be taken up in friend whatever. My poor father considering how she should conceal used often to comfort himself with her poverty, and at the same time saying, that as his Cleora was nubly convince the world me was nobly born, he was resolved the should born. In this splendid distress I spent have an education suitable to her a twelvemonth, and heartily tired I birth. But, alas! when I was a. was of my situation. For my aunt, bout 22, in one month I lost both E tho' she had too much pride to let father and mother, and had nothing me ferve any body else, suffered me, to support me but my genteel educa. nay, often obliged me to do things, tion, and nothing to boast of but which the lowest maid-fervants think the nobility of my parentage. I was beneath them. And while the kindnow at a great loss what to do; for ly entertained me on charity, as the as I was bred to no trade, nor in. called it, he frequently made use of nured to any service, I seemed to be F my living with her, as an argument excluded from the two only means to procure bounties from her friends. to get my bread. While I was re '! his I could not bear, and was revolving this in my mind, a maiden solved to leave her at any rate ; but aunt of mine, by my father's side, in endeavouring to avoid this poor, who had for many years been starving proud, mean, well.born lady, I nargenteely on a small annuity, invited rowly escaped an evil of a more me to her house. She was one of G dreadful nature ; for I those people who cloath and feed not ugly, and evidently in airtreis, themselves with the thoughts of their a gentleman that lodged opposite to nobility : And as I frequently ex us, having, as I afterwards found, press'd my desire of gæting my live. fixed on me as a prey, took an op

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Pride of high Birth justly exposed. April portunity, when my aunt was gone ing, unexperienced as I was in life, I à visiting, or rather begging, seeing determined to apply to for relief ; and me at the door, artfully to begin an as distress makes even our sex bold, acquaintance, which a correspon I went and entered myself for a nurdence foon improved into something fery maid's place, and by this means, like friendship. He extorted com in a week, I got into a very good plaints from me, feemingly entered Ạ family ; nor had I been a month in into my distress, pitied me, and pro my nursery before my lady distested that he loved me; and, alas ! I charged her own maid, and being almost believed him, which I really acquainted with my story, gene. think, if I know myself, was more rously preferred me to attend upon her owing to my miserable situation, self. I now began to feel a real joy than any motive of liking to him : after the danger I had avoided from However, as I thought I could not B my lover, and to see that ridiculous be more unhappy, I one day resolved, creature, my aunt, with the highest tho' with fearand trembling, to throw contempt. What a change of fitua.. myself at once into his protection, tion was here! from pride, poverty, and trust to his generosity ; this I idleness, nattiness, and misery, fuphad promised him, and this I should ported only by the confideration of have certainly done, had I not re being nobly born, to that of being ceived a letter from him that very C honestly and usefully employed, afternoon to justify my fears, and kindly treated, poffeffing every conconvince me, that instead of a pro veniency and comfort of life, and tector, I had only found a betrayer. noching to rob me of my happiness But here, in the neight of my misery but the thought of being a servant. from this disappointment, an acci. Alas! what a bugbear has false pride dent of an extraordinary kind re. made service to our sex! For my lieved me from my distress. My D own part, the only difference I congood aunt returning home about five, sider between miltress and servant is dicappointed of a dinner where she but the name; for as to happiness, went, desired me to broil the re they are or may be upon a footing. mains of a pound of mutton chops, It is often said, that one misfortune left the preceding day ; but as the generally treads upon the heels of said her grand pappa, my lord another ; but I have never heard the was very fond of thallots with roast E same acknowledged of good fortune. mutton, the ordered me to fetch But this only shews that the world in fome, and put a halfpenny into my general are more ready to complain hand for that purpose ; for as the of what they suffer, than to acknowknew the alliances of her family for ledge what they enjoy. I am very 100 years, so she was also particular ready to say, I esteem my removal ly acquainted with their respective from my aunt into service as a haptastes, with which the constantly en. F piness ; as I must say the same of tertained me; and, as I suppose, to my removal from that happy ferprove, that people who were nobly vice, to that of marrying a worthy born, were formed of different ma tradesman, who tho' he has no no. terials from the vulgar; a thing the bility of blood to boast, yet, if hoherself verily believed. I went nour is justly defined to be honesty of on my errand to the next herb shop, heart, in that excellent quality he is where the woman, who had always exceeded by none. I can say no more taken me for a servant, thinking G but that I am happy : But, what I deserved a better place, gave me a would make one laugh, I received a bill of the universal regilter-office, letter full of resentment from my then juft set up, which, after read aunt, in which she charged me with

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