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1751. Humorous LETTER ON CHANTING 173
dishonouring ber family by marrying had like to have done our business,
a tradesman ; and said she was re and of which I was several weeks
solved not to take any notice of me, before I could recover : To all the
do any thing for me, or give me a rest I could say something that was
morfe of bread if I was starving. pretty and well conceited, with the
The great happiness I found in per. help of my good friend Dr. Bifle ;
severance, is the reason why I would A but when he threw in that home
persuade all parents to educate their

question-" I dare put it to the
children in proportion to their cir warmest advocate for chanting, whe-
cumstances, and assure all those of ther he should not know better, than
my sex, that labour under the preju. so to prefer a suit to the king, or to a
dices of education, whose minds are lord,” my heart misgave me at once ;
poisoned with false pride, that in I found that in vain was it to apply to
dustry generally meets with success ; B either the rationale or to custom, to
that in England, service is no llavery; help me to give a direct answer;-
nor is it any disgrace, but rather an fo to work I set my brains, how to
honour to any one, be their birth or

get off of this ugly business; and at education what it will, to be a ser length, after several weeks intense vant, when it becomes necessary for meditation in vain, and being very their support ; for sure, nothing can near giving it over several times, be shameful that is honeit. The C at last it jumped into my head on a rooting this false pride from their

sudden, as I was one day returning heads, would preserve thousands from

in good spirits from courting-I do destruction.

not hold (observe me) that I am

obliged to give him quite a direct To the AUTHOR of the LONDON

answer, because he stated the quesMAGAZINE.

tion his own way ; but I Thall give SIR,

D him one, notwithstanding, to the pur-
LITTLE thought, after so no. pose, and which will shew, that inging
table a defence as I had made

is not so inconsistent with petitioning
for chanting * against Paul Diflinct, , as he would make us believe. In a
ever to see any fo daring, as to enter word then, I can tell him ; what.
the lifts again; I so effectually con ever it be to a lord, a song has often
founded the old fellow, with the ra been thought the best way to prefer
tionale of it, that he durst never show E a fuit to a lady ;
his head since ; at least, if he has

Souvent, pour attendrir un coeur,
done it, it has been under a different

Il ne faut qu'une Chansonette t.
name; for, to tell you the truth, I
do not know what to make of Za Thus much may ferve, then, for
chariah Fervent ; I sometimes think that devilish, troublesome, imperti-
he has too much of Old Paul in him, ncnt question of his. And now I must
to be any other than he : They nei. F take my turn, and question him ;
ther of them deal in any thing but and I will undertake to put cases to
reason, and there is a strange relem him, in which let him deny that
blance in their manner of thinking: chanting is most agreeable, if he can.
But be that as it will, whether he be To begin then, what can be
Paul's second, or Paul himself, I more suitable to the impression that
am resolved now to make an end of the recital of the commandments
him for ever: I am sure, he intended G should make upon us, than at the
in his heart to do no less by me and end of every cne to lang ti.e petition,
my friends, when he levelled at us " Lord, have mercy upon us, and
that unconscionable blow, which

in-
* See all on ibis fubjeft, in cur Mag. for 3750, p. 363, 462, 50%. And in our Mag,
for Feb, left, p. 77 Brunelies par Ballarde,

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174 On the Death and Character of the Prince of Wales. April
incline our hearts to keep this law?" Is satisfy those who are friends to it, and that
not this better calculated ten times, to dir my arguments are sufficient to hold them
pore us to have a serious and due regard for steady : Indeed, I am confident that nothing
them, and to lay us under a hearty sense can move them from their principles; and
and conviction that it is no light matter to with this we must comfort ourselves, and
trespass against any of them, than if we be content-for, alas! there is no hopes of
delivered the same in a dull praying frame, seeing chanting come into general esteem,
and in a bumble suppliant Atrain ?-Is it noc A or that we should come one and all to have
undeniable too, that the seriousness of any an high opinion of it, without some other
one's belief is much more naturally expres things, to favour and befriend it, were be-
led by finging the Creed, than by saying it, lieved, and we could see the old gainful tales
And is it not unquestionably promoted and prevail again, of
impressed by it? This is so plain to me, Bloated souls, in smoaky durance
that it is matter of astonishment, how

hung,

[tongue, they come not to chant the lessons too, as Like a Westphalia gammon or neat's, well as this ; I am sure, it would be as To be redeem'd with masses and a long. much more to edification, in this case, as in B the others. I think therefore it was a Quack medicines must be supported with great omiffion in them not to do it, and quack contrivances to bring them in request, indeed the scheme of chanting, to say the But there are times of too much light, truth, is not quite compleat, and of a piece to hope ro to gain more ground-but not without it.

however of so general light, but we may Having now so plainly mewn instances hope to keep that we have. where it is, and might ftill further be of

Yours, Timotby Squeal, so evident suitableness ; and also, tho' it is indeed a trilling manner of putting up our

с

From the Remembrancer, March 30. prayers, that fill it is far from being inconfistent with the notion of petitioning,

On the Death and Character of tbe Prince of as he would have it ; I thall further add,

Wales. (See p. 138, 139.) that there is an use in its very triflingness. UCH sudden, surprizing and overAll men are not of a serious curn, and nothing could be more disagreeable to some burst in upon us, as no fence of manhood mens tempers and states than to pray or resolution is able to withstand : And with all the circumstances of a devout D when such calamities are national, weakand rightly affected mind; to do this is ness then grows.contagious ; the same chavastly inconvenient to an indevout temper, racters of infirmity are graven on every and the more like in earneft it is donc, the face ; and none preserve any measure of Tess it agrees with a loose and orifling wor fortitude but such as are the disgrace of the Chipper, or with a mere formalift.-And species, malignants and insensibles. are not these, which are in such numbers, Of this nature, --- but I need not speciły a to be at all considered ? Now chinting is of visitation which has so recently befallen us, valt service to such, in taking off that which which has agitated every passion, penetrated is disagreeable to them in prayer, and in

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every heart, absorbed every other affliction, making it pass off so infinfibly, that they no and sent up one universal groan from the longer say, ubat a weariness is it? And this whole community--the wound is yet blecdprevents that nausea they have to it, by ing: The furprise and astonishment of the mixing it to their palates, and qualifying it Atroke scarce over : Our ears yet ring with for their stomachs—they can away with the the dolelul news : Our blood runs cold with prayers thus titted to their temper; and no. the horror it occafioned : The imagination body knows how many worshippers we is awake to no other idea : And every are beholden to this contrivance for. Even F new light it appears in, only serves to dithe grand enemy of all to prayer, if we versify our anguish. may believe Gregory of Tours, can join in And as in the lowest instances of fami. them in this dress; who tells us, in the Life liar life, impressions of the same forcible of St. Nicetio, bishop of Trevers, that the kind are hard to bear, so they are as devil being once got into a deacon who hard to efface. The thaits of sorrow are was performing service, fell to chanting for all bearded : Where they penetrate, there life, and would fain have bore a bob with they faiten ; in striving to extract them we Chem, but the bifhop, who discovered him but enlarge the wound : And let the hand by his voice, would not let him, but thus

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be ever so delicate, we link under the opesook him to do for his officioufness, Sileat, ration, foleat, nec præfumat comere juftiria inimicus : The tender passions, besides, make How much then is this filted to promote their approaches to us, in the forms of the and further our service, and not ro prejudice Graces, if not of the Virtues ; and, captiit, as my antagonist would artfully suggest ? Vated by their appearance, the most milky I doubt not then but I have said enough to

natures

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1751. Of the Swedish SOCCESSION.

175 natures not only open their bosoms to re

fponding expletive of forrow and dismay, ceive them, but foster them there, as tho

are not unfrequently seen in the house of
moft endeared and most endearing guests, mourning ;- but with such peculiar ag-

On this mournful occafion, then, we are gravationg as in the awful case before us,
not to wonder if our eyes and hearts over no where, perhaps, under heaven.
flow without reserve, if we presume there His royal highness has left a numerous,
is something meritorious in our transports, lovely offspring (God be praised) which
and that instead of blushing for the uncon- A may serve as a mound between us and con-
trolable expressions of sorrow and affection fufion. The prince, his eldest fon, who
which follow his equally beloved, honouredi inherits all his claims and all his virtues, is
and lamented name, we should grow proud now the proper obje&t of our concern,
of our affliction, and think ourselves best affection, wishes, prayers, vows and en-
adorned with our tears.

deavours : And in devoting our best fer-
For as the condescending sweetness of his vices to him, we shall best discharge our
manner and address enchanted all who had duties to the memory of his dear, departed
the honour to approach him ; fo that father, and to the commonwealth.
fweetness arose from a genial source of be. B
nevolence and philanthropy which seemed The author of the Westminster Journal
inexhaustible, How many individuals of the samo date, likewise paid his tribute
has his charity relieved ? How many his to the memory of the Prince, in a very
munificence rewarded ? How many families affecting essay, which he concludes thus:
whole well-being depended on his bounty, That the life of his majesty, the most
are already in lack-cloth and ashes for his ir gracious of princes, may long continue,
reparable loss? How high a place had he af is the with of every protestant Briton.
figned the arts and sciences in his esteem ?C May it prevent the necessity of a regency,
What royal notions had he entertained of and the crown descend upon the head of a
royal magnificence ; how studiously had grandson of George II. in the full maturity
he weighed and considered the difficulties of manhood ! But as this is more than we
and distreiles of this country ; how anxiour dare promise ourselves from the age his
ly had he fought a suitable remedy for majesty has already happily attained to,
shem ? And how thoroughly determined and especially from reflecting on the event
was he, to apply it when found, if ever which we now deplore, the fincere grief
the power of applying it fell into his hands!

:D
Even the very foibles and blemitties of

of Britons, for the loss of Frederick prince

of Wales, is, in this respect, justifiable.
his character and conduct, when traced to
their origin, admit of such a kind of pallia. The King of Sweden beir.g lately dead, and
tion, as falls very little short of praise ;

rbe Succel 80 rbal Kingdom being an Af-
for they proceeded man festly from an over: fair of some Intricacy to mely People, we
ardent desire to please and to excel, from too imagine ebe fo lowing Acciunt of bat Seca
fond and eager a passion for glory, and

celfion, and of the Family of tbe late King,
too impatient an ambition to be diftinguith as likewise ebe Declaration made and signed
ed as much by his importance and useful- E

by ebe new King, in full Senare, upon bis Ac-
ness, as by his birth, rank and expectations ; cellion, will not be disagreeable to our Readers.
which it was no otherwise in his power to
be, than as he had the dexterity and inge Landgrave of Heffe Caffel, eldest son
nuity to create his own opportunities. of Charles Landgrave of Helle Caffel,

In our whole story, we find but one heir and Mary Amelia, fifter of Caffimir duke
apparent, like him hurried off in the me. af Courland, was born in 1676 ; and in
rdian of his life, when all the hopes of 1609, married Louisa Dorothea Sophia,
the publick centered in him ; and who,

F

daughter of Frederick king of Pruffia, who like him allo, was every way disposed to dying without issue in 1705, he married graft the honour and happiness of himself the princess Eleonora, youngest daughter and his posterity, upon the honour and of Charles XI. late king of Sweden, who happiness of his people.

on her brother Charles XII. being killed And tho' his lamp expired in the ordi before Frederickshall in Norway, Dec. 21, nary way, yet as it never blazed brighter, 1758, was elected by the states queen of or promised more comfort to a nation, Sweden, on condition of restoring them than when it was nearly burned out, the their antient rites and liberties; and the suddenness of its excinction was so much Gresigning the crown in favour of her conthe more fenfibly felt, and the darkness we fort in 1720, he was elected king of Swe. were as suddenly surrounded with, was so den, and crowned, May 3, 1721, on che much the more rerrifying.

like conditions agreed to by the queen, A disconfolate widow ; - a group of of lodging both the legislative and executive helpless innocents ;~a circle of sympa power in the states, and leaving the prince ikizing friends ;-and every osher corre.

diddle

176 DECLARATION of the new King of Sweden. April fitile more than the name of a king. He on my advancement to the throne, which fucceeded his father in the Landgraviate of is devolved to me by the disposal of the Al. Helle Caffel in 1929, and his consort, mighty, and by the free election which they queen Eleonora, died without iffue in 1741. have made of me, I did not, in the most fo.

The princess Hedwig Sophia, eldest lemn manner, confirm the assurance I have filter of Charles XII. married Frederick given to support them, at the expence of duke of Holstein-Gottorp, by whom the my life and blood, in the exercise of the pure had issue Charles Frederick, born April 29, A doctrine and religion they profess, and to 1700. He mar ied Anne Patrowna, eldest preserve and defend the liberties and prividaughter of the Czar Peter the Great, by his leges they have acquired. Ard as my defires second wife Catherine, by whom he had are far from every thing which might bear the iffue Charles Peter Ulrick, born Feb. 21, least shadow of constraint, I declare by this 3727, who consequently was heir to the publick ad, which I swear to observe, upon crown of Sweden, and so declared by the my royal word and faith, that I not only ftates on his father's death. But the Czarina intend to govern my kingdom according to Elizabeth, the reigning empress of Russia, the laws of Sweden, and the form of regency having declared him her successor to that B established in the year 1920, as well as in throne, he renounced his claims to Sweden, conformity with the affurance I gave the and the states of Sweden declared his ftates of the kingdom in the year 1742 ; uncle Adolphus Frederick, duke of Hol. but also, that I shall regard as the most Rein Ewtin, and bishop of Lubeck, fuc dangerous enemies to me and the kingcerfor to the throne of Sweden. He was dom, and treat as traitors to their counborn March 14, 1710, and married to try, all such as shall, either in publick or the princess Ulrica of Prussia, by whom he private, or under any pretence whatsoever, has one lon.

C undertake or endeavour to introduce inco Ab Landgrave of Heffe, the late king of this kingdom despotick power, or arbitrary Sweden is succeeded by his brother, prince government. Wherein God affist me." William, who was born March 10, 1681-2, Stockholm, and married the princess Dorothy Wil. April 6, 1751.

Adolpbus Frederick. helmina of Sax-Zeitz, by whom he had Two ARITHMETICAL QUESTIONS. issue prince Frederick, born August 2, WO persons A and B, playing at 1720, and the princess Mary, born June 25, 1721. The prince married the prin D ber of Millings, consisting of 3 places whole cess Mary, fourth daughter of his present digits are in arithmetical progression, and majesty king George 11. in 1740, by whom in such a manner, that if the number of he had issue a prince, born in Dec. 1741, Millings be divided by the sum of its diwho died in June, 1742 ; and another gits, the quotient will be 53 , and if prince, börn May 23, 1743.

from the said number 198 be subtracted, His Swedish majesty, the day before he the digits will be inverted. Quere the No. died (viz. March 24, 0. S.) fent for the

Two men having each an equal number prince successor and his confort, to whom he,

of yards of broad.cloath, it being asked in the presence of count Tellin, and many E

what they gave a yard for each quantity, other senators, in the most moving terms, it was answered, that if the No. of yards, recommended, to have always in view

each of them had, be severally multiplied the welfare and prosperity of the Swedish

by 24 and 19, 49 being respectively added pation, to be watchful to maintain its Rates in their privileges and prerogatives ;

to and subtracted from each product, both

the rum and remainder will be equal to the adding, that he quitted the world without

square of the number of shillings given for regret, as he left the kingdom in peace, and died in the hope that it would long F had each person, and what did the quan.

each respective quantity. How many yards enjoy the continuance of that bleffing.

tity each had coft ? The day after the king's death (March

Two MATHEMATICAL QUESTIONS. 26,) the prince fucceffor, Adolphus Frede. rick, was proclaimed king, who in the after TAVING the radius of a circle equal A, doon went to the senate, where the di.

to find the fide of an inscribed equiferent coileges of the kingdom were ala

sateral triangle.

T. W. sembled, and there swore obfervance of, Given the specifick gravities, of two fluids and figned the following declaration. a, and b, (a being equal the heavier) and

" Whereas the united states of the king. G the specifick gravity c, of a body d, imdom of Sweden have, of their own mo. mersd in them (supposed to exceed the tion, and by a free and voluntary choice, one and be less than the other ;) required elected me fucceffor to the kingdom of to find the 'part of the body *, that will Sweden, of the Goths, and of the Vandals; remain in the upper fuid. I lould be wanting in a uitable return to

T. W., the confid, nce they have repvíed in me, it,

ON

T , B =

HA

1751. Type and Calculation of a LUNAR Eclipse 177

N Wednesday, May 29, 1751, in the morning, there will be a partial and visible
O of as
scured. It is expected, that the following numbers will be found nearly to agree with
the most accurate observation,

London.
Edinburgh.

Dublin.
M. S.
M. S.

M. S.
The beginning

7:42 after 18
5:42 before 12

21 : 42 before 17 Middle

49: 5 after 1

37 : S after End

1.30 : 28 after 3 ,18 : 28 after 3 2 : 28 after

Tbe Τ Υ Ρ Ε.

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21 :

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21

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Digits eclipsed io.
The subsequent numbers exhibit the time that will elapse from the beginning of the
aclipse (at any place) until any number of digits are obscured.
Immerfion.

Emersion,
Digits

Minutes Seconds Hours Minutes Seconds
6

3

46 Total duration, 53

3
16

25
3
19
31

3

9 53
26
24

3
3

15
33
32

56 :
41

49

14 49

41 43 Charles Morton, hour 57 30

33 44 April 10, 1751. 9

7
59

14 56
10

40

14 47 Middle 1 41

13 Note, The digits on the left belong to both rows of figures. A calculation from Dunthorne's tables, of the places of the sun and moon for May 29, 1751. at 53 minutes and 41 seconds after 1 in the morning. Sun's mean Longitude.

Apogee. Ascending Node. S

S

S. 1 :17 : 3 : 44 7:19:23 1 4Z

8 : 12 : 28 : 13 Equation +:41 : 56

7:13

sub. 3 : 26 True longitude 2 : 17 : 45 : 40

add. 36 : Apogee:

7 : 28 : 31 : 57 8: 12 : 40 : 58 S

Horizontal parallax of the? 3: 8 : 37 : 26

54 : 19 Mean Longitude of the Moon. Sun's semidiameter

15 : 52 S Moon's ditto

14 53 8 : 20 : 23 : 53 Leaft distance of centers

7 ft Equation

4 : 46 Horary motion of the moon
2d

2:41
from the sun

30 8

Mio. Sec. a: 27 : 49 Equation of time

Interval from the middle of
6th
S eclipse to the time of the 6 :

7 7th sub,

ecliptical oppofition
Reduction

1:17
Moon in eclipse 8 ; 17: 45 : 40 Nonagesime degree at?

the middle

Aqu. 4 : 19 Iis altitude

16 : 48 April, 17511

2

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