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Or GENTLEMAN's Montbly Intelligencer.

For MAY,

1751.
To be Continued. (Price Six. Pence each Monch.)
Containing, (Greater Variety, and more in quantity, iban any Monthly Book of ebe fumo Price.)
1. A Letter from L. Garcin, M. D. 10 M. de XVI. Admirabie Structure of the human

Reaumur, upon the general Usefulness of Body.
Insects.

XVII. Mr. Trenchard's Thoughts on Go.
II. Account of Dr. Mead's physical Admoni. vernment.
tions and Precepts.

XVIII. Liberty destroyed by Corruption. III. Character of Prince Frederick, late Prince XIX. Account of a Fiift-rate Man of War. of Wales, when at Hanover.

XX. Alterations in the List of Parliament. IV. Questions and Answers, which concern XXI. An Old Maid's Apology. the Foundling Hospital.

XXII. POETRY: Occational Verses on the
V. The JOURNAL of a Learned and Royal Family ; Valerus, an Eclogue ; 10

Political CLUB, &c. continued : Contain. the Princess Dowager of Wales; in Wollice
ing the SPEECHES of M. Agrippa, Junius Principem nuter defun&tum ; on a young
Brutus, and L. Icilius, on the British Gentleman, who died in a Voyage at the
White Herring Fishery Bill.

West Indies ; the Wirh, by a Gentleman
VI. A Description of Nottinghamshire.

in the East Indies ; to the Memory of VII. Rules for the Preservation of Health. Laurence Coster, first Inventor of Printing; VIII. Of the green Mould on Fire-wood,

a new Song, set to Mufick, &c.
IX. Minuteness of the Seeds of iome Plants. XXIll. The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER :
X. Letter to a' Friend, with the Duke de Acts pafs'd ; Sessions at the Old-Bailey ;
Sully's Memoirs.

miserable Siate of Slavery in Morocco, XI. A remarkable Aurora Australis.

&c. &c. &c.
XII, Wonderful Mechanism of Nature, XXIV. Promotions ; Marriages and Births ;
XIII. Observations on the Dragon Fly.

Deaths ; Bankrupts.
XIV. Extract from the Scribleriad.

XXV. Prices of Stocks for each Day.
XV. Proceedings at the Election of a Cham. XXVI. Monthly Bill of Mortality.

berlain, with Mr. Harrison's and Mr. XXVII. FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
Glover's Speeches to the Livery.

XXVIII. Account of the Calendar Bill. With a new and correct Map of NOTTINGHAMSHIRE, and the Efigies of his late Royal Highness the Prince of WALES, curiously engraved on Copper.

MULTUM IN PARV 0.
LONDON: Printed for R. BALDWIN, jun. at the Rose in Pater-Nofier-Row.
Of whom may be had, compleat Sets from the Beginning to this Time, neatly Bound, or Stitch'd,

or any single Month to compleat Sets.

LE Wales

200

201

ibid. C. 205

203

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CO N T E N T S.
ETTER concerning the late prince of Old maid's apology

195 Argument of the 4th book of the ScribleHis character, when not yet 10 years old riad

227 ibid. &c.- Extract from it, with a note concerning the Mr. Trenchard's thoughts on government white horse, which gives name to a vale 197 in Berkthire

ibid. Liberty destroyed by corruption 198 POETRY. The Irish laffie, a new song, On the death of Mr. Thomas Hunsdon, fet to mufick

228 jun, who died in a voyage at the Wester A country dance,

ibid. Indies

199 Occasional verses on the royal family 229 A description of Nottinghamshire 199

upon the king

ibid. Town of Nottingham described 199, 200

upon Frederick, late prince The other boroughs and market-towns

of Wales

ibid.

- upon the princess dowa.. The Journal of a learned and political

ger of Wales ibid. CLUB, &c. continued 201-211

upon George, prince of SPEECH of M. Agrippa on the British

Wales

ibid. white herring fishery bill

- upon the duke

ibid. Durch method of carrying on this fishery

- upon the younger branches

of the royal family ibid. His arguments for a publick company to Conclusion, to my mure

230 carry it on here

To the princess dowager of Wales ibid. SPEECH of Junius Brutus against a com. in Wall & principem nuper defunclum

ibid. pany

204 To the memory of Laurence Cofter, first The taxes a great discouragement to the inventor of the art of printing ibid. 6hery

207
Valesus, an eclogue

231 Objections to other parts of the bill

208 The wish, by a gentleman in the East. Indies SPEECH of L. Icilius in favour of a com.

23% pany

ibid. E. On the Archbishop of Canterbury's preachObjections against the bill anfwered 210, a charity sermon at Bow.church ibid.

The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGIN 233 Questions and answers relating to the Tragical witch story from Tring ibid. Foundling hospital at Paris, and which Ceremony of presenting the address of both concern the Foundling hospital at Lon houses on his majesty's message about a don

regency

ibid. Account of a first-rate man of war 213

Feast and collection of the sons of the clergy Letter to a friend with the duke de Sully's memoirs

214

South Sea directors to be chosen annually Dr. Garcin's letter to M. de Reaumur,

234 upon the usefulness of insects

215

Speech to the prince of Wales on his being The wonderful mechanism of nature 217 cholen governor of the free Britim Of the green mould on fire-wood

218

tithery, with his royal highness's answer Of the minuteness of the seeds of some

ibid. plants

219 Miserable condition of the British captives, Account of an aurora auftralis

lately redeemed from flivery in Barbary Observations on the dragon-fily ibid.

ibid. Proceedings at the election of a chamber. Als passed

235 lain of London

List of the council of regency ibid. Sir John Bosworth's letter of resignation Prince of Wales's bisth-day celebrated ibid. ibid. Sessions at the Old- Bailey

ibid. Mr. Harrison declared duly elected ibid.G. Alterations in the list of parliament 236 His speech to the livery on the occasion 222 Marriages and births

ibid. Mr. Glover's pathetick speech to the livery

Deaths

ibid. at the same time

ibid.
Ecclefiaftical Preferments

237 Account of Dr. Mead's physical admoniti. Promotions civil and military ibid. ons and precepts

223
Perlons declar'd bankrupts

ibid. The wonderful structure of our bodies 223, Prices of ttocks and grain ; wind, weather

238 Account of the direction of old Thomas Monthly bill of mortality

ibid. Parr, and an old Swiss

225
FORRIGN AFFAIRS

239 Rules for the presei vation of health ibid. A. Account of the calendar bill

240 In our next we all give a beautiful prine of ber royal bigbme so ebe primers dewages of Wales. -Tbe anwer poibe maibematical question, ibe leter concerning sbe unferiorate wima of be retur, ebe nec fary bouf, ard frveral orber picces bave barn receivid,

212

ibid.

220

221

214

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his vivacity, and great knowledge As we have here gireen a beautiful in history. Here then Mr. Ham

print of bis late royal highness Free mond was no Aatterer, but a true derick prince of Wales, ihe follow- prophet. His opening the prince's ing letter and character will not character with reflections on envy be deemed unsuitable, after what and malice, were (as I imagine) owhas been already said of him, p. A ing to the many injurious and false 138, 139, 174, 175.

representations made of his late royal To the Author of the LONDON highness, by certain wicked spirits,

whom duty should have taught betMAGAZINE,

ter. But his inchanting behaviour, SIR,

whilst heaven lent him to us, gave FTER the number. the lie to the groundless aspersions

less panegyricks be- B caft upon him : And his royal highflowed on the late ness came forth, like gold, purer prince of Wales since from the fiery trial. May the Alhis demise, our coun mighty prolong the days of our most

trymen, who fojuftly benign fovereign! May a new Freidolize his memory, cannot but be derick rise (phænix-like) in his darpleased to survey a character drawn ling image, prince George! These of him, in his very juvenile years, C are the ardent wilhes of, by the late celebrated Anthony Ham

SIR, mond, Esq; when in Hanover. This

Your most humble servant, description was put into my hands

J. L. by the author himself, who was my friend. It has borne a great many Hanover, O&. 5, N. S. 1716. impressions, in a variety of shapes, The Character of Prince FREDERICK. and was printed in more languages D than one.

S malice and envy are, of all not so much for the sake of the panegyrick itself (which might have diabolical pallions of the mind ; so been more delicate in some places) there is, undoubtedly, no conquest a as on account of the many truths is well regulated soul takes more joy in contains. Every one who had the obtaining, than in the effectual subglory and happiness of approaching E duing of malice ; and in reducing, his iste royal highness, knows that even envy itself, to remain tonguegoodness of heart, that siveetness of tied in such a manner, as that if it temper, were his chief characteria offers to speak, it pains itself. sticks ; and that he was no less re. Such is the fatisfaction which markable for his very trong memory, prince Frederick gives to all good May, 175!:

B b 2

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196 Character of the late Prince when at Hanover. May men who approach him. They glory ceptors, who have equal reason to in the just sense they have of his be satisfied with his royal highness wonderful natural talents, and ac their great care being fully compen. quired accomplishments ; and seem fated, by the encouraging progress to share in the triumphs which his they find him make every day, in virtues and endowments will most all things that could be expected he certainly gain over the malicious and A should learn, or improve in, at his envious.

years. As for us, who are here, the sense As the utmost care is taken to we have (as Englismen) of our pre make him master of things as well fent happiness, in attending every as of words, by inftilling into his day on prince Frederick (who is mind such notions, as are not only constantly pleased to sow some di suitable to his age and capacity, buc ftinguishing mark of his goodness B also to the high rank he will hold, and inclination to us) is not to be and the figure he will one day make exprefied.

in Europe ; so by the particular orNothing can be more agreeable ders of his majesty (George I:) the than the person of this young prince: very least appearance of Nattery is His eyes are full of life and vigour; banished from him : And those orhis hair extremely fine ; his com ders having been observed in a stricter plexion clear and fair, and his C manner, than it is easy to imagine inape exact : His constitution is very they should be in a court, his royal healthy; and the chearful innocence highness is taught, and has learnt, to and sweetness of youth shine in his have a contempt for that mean and looks, and add such an amiable incroaching vice. grace to his whole deportment, as This is a different turn from that renders him the delight of all who which seems to be taken in the eduhave the honour and happiness of D cation of a neighbouring prince (the approaching him. He applies him. king of France :) In that a shew of self to his exercises, viz. riding, something great appears to be aimed dancing, and fencing, with great at; in this the foundations of folid alliduity ; in all which, he will at virtue are well laid : There the tain to such a degree of perfeclion, king ! the king! is every moment as becomes the son of a monarch : founded in his ear, whilst the raOf theie, riding is the exercile his E tional creature, the man, is not of. royal highness seems molt to delight ten thought of : But here his royal in ; and he will, as far as I am able highness is told, he is to be a man, to judge, excel in it.

(as others are ;) and that if he would He speaks the French language have his character eminently illuftri. with great facility and propriety, ous, he must stand first in virtue, as and makes a daily progress in the well as in degree. Thus is he early English. He advances considerably F formed to be a monarch truly great ; in the studies

proper

for his age ; in tho', undoubtedly, that innate good. the Latin tongue, geography, and ness, that extreme modesty, and fisome parts of natural history ; and lial piety, which appear fo lively in knows so much of the present state his royal highness, will make him of Christendom, as to be able to dis always continue to wish, that the course very pertinently on the kings day may come late, when he fall now reigning, and on the principal G be called to the throne of those na. affairs at prelent in agitation.

tions he is born to govern. The prince seems to be in an ex The vivacity of his parts is truly cellent method of education ; is wonderful ; and as he has a great pleased with his governors and pre- deal of spirit

, he, at the same time,

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1751. Mr. Trenchard's Thoughts on GoYERNMENT. 197 is blessed with a moft amiable na: In a word, whenever prince Freture, and sweetness of temper, to derick shall come to be a sovereign direct that spirit, which never fails of nations, he will be the delight of to render it exceedingly engaging. them ; for then royal power will

His memory, both of persons and enable him to relieve, protect, and things, is beyond what is ordinarily reward in the most extensive mana to be met with. He says something A ner. This excellent difpofition, this to almost every one who comes to good nature, Thews he has it always wait upon him, but never says an in intention ; and from hence, I will improper thing. He very rarely alks venture to pronounce, That happy a second time, who such or such a will the people be whom he shall person is." He shews a constant at:

govern. tention to whatever is said to him, or in his presence ; and such an ap- B From the Remembrancer, May 18. parent desire to please and oblige Of GOVERNMENT, and upon wbat every body, as never fails of its end.

our FREEDOM depends. He never discovers the least mark of anger or resentment, upon any HERE is nothing in which occasion, that I could ever observe; the generality of mankind but always keeps up to the most ex. are so much mistaken, as when they act good breeding, gentleness, and a C talk of government : The different constant endeavour to be entertain effects of it are obvious to every ing, in such a manner, as shows it to one ; but few can trace its causes : be natural in him to please!

Most men, having indigested ideas · His royal highness says many of the nature of it, attribute all things, and very frequently, much publick miscarriages to the corrup. above what might be expected from tion of mankind : They think the his tender" years : But what is moft D whole mass is infected; that it is remarkable, most distinguishing in impossible to make any reformation ; his character, is, That good nature and fo submit patiently to their which always appears in every thing country's calamities, or else share in he says:

the spoil : Whereas complaints of From this source of good nature

this kind are as old as the world, flow many excellent qualities, which and every age has thought their own time will not fail to ripen into noble E the worst ; we have not only our and princely virtues; from hence own experience, but the example of now arises that regard which his royal all times, to prove, that men in the highness laews to the instructions of fame circumstances will do the same his governors and preceptors ; this things, call them by what names of will grow up to that vircue, which distinction you please. A Governmakes princes listen to the wise ment is a mere piece of clock-work; counsel of their faithful servants, and F and having such springs and wheels, never inflexible to them.

must act in such a manner : And This good nature that now leads therefore, the art is, to constitute it him to treat every one in the most so, that it must move to the pubobliging manner, will, of course, lick advantage. It is certain, that improve into a tender and generous every man will act for his own concern for his inferiors; and ter. interest, and all wise governments minate in a diffusive and royal bene-G are founded that principle : ficence, which will fix this standing So that this whole mystery is maxim in his mind, That there is only to make the interest of the nothing good in power, but the Governors and governed the same. power of doing good.

In an absolute monarchy, where the

whole

on

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