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196 Character of the late Prince when at Hanover. May men who approach him. They glory ceptors, who have equal reason to in the just sense they have of his be satisfied with his royal highness ; wonderful natural talents, and ac- their great care being fully compenquired accomplishments ; and seem fated, by the encouraging progress to share in the triumphs which his they find him make every day, in virtues and endowments will most all things that could be expected he certainly gain over the malicious and A should learn, or improve in, at his envious.
years. As for us, who are here, the sense As the utmost care is taken to we have (as Englishmen) of our pre- make him master of things as well sent happiness, in attending every as of words, by instilling into his day on prince Frederick (who is mind' such notions, as are not only constantly pleased to show fome di. suitable to his age and capacity, but flinguishing mark of his goodness B also to the high rank he will hold, and inclination to us) is not to be and the figure he will one day make exprefied.
in Europe ; so by the particular orNothing can be more agreeable ders of his majesty (George I.) the than the person of this young prince: very least appearance of Hattery is His eyes are full of life and vigour ; banished from him : And those or. his hair extremely fine ; his com- ders having been observed in a stricter plexion clear and fair, and his C manner, than it is easy to imagine shape exact : His constitution is very they should be in a court, his royal healthy; and the chearful innocence highness is taught, and has learnt, to and sweetness of youth fine in his have a contempt for that mean and looks, and add such an amiable incroaching vice. grace to his whole deportment, as This is a different turn from that renders him the delight of all who which seems to be taken in the eduhave the honour and happiness of D cation of a neighbouring prince (the approaching him. He applies him. king of France :) In that a fhew of felf to his exercises, viz. riding, fomething great appears to be aimed dancing, and fencing, with great at; in this the foundations of solid alliduity ; in all which, he will at- virtue are well laid : There the tain to such a degree of perfeclion, king ! the king! is every moment as becomes the son of a monarch : founded in his ear, whilst the ra. Of these, riding is the exercise his E tional creature, the man, is not ofroyal highness seems moft to delight ten thought of : But here his royal in ; and he will, as far as I am able highness is told, he is to be a man, to judge, excel in it.
(as others are ;) and that if he would He speaks the French language have his character eminently illustri. with great facility and propriety, ous, he must stand first in virtue, as and makes a daily progress in the well as in degree. Thus is he early Englis. . He advances considerably F formed to be a monarch truly great ; in the studies
proper for his age ; in tho', undoubtedly, that innate good. the Latin congue, geography, and ness, that extreme modesty, and fi. fome parts of natural history ; and lial piety, which appear so lively in knows so much of the present state his royal highness, will make him of Christendom, as to be able to dis always continue to wish, that the çourse very pertinently on the kings day may come late, when he hall now reigning, and on the principal G be called to the throne of those na. affairs at prelent in agitation.
tions he is born to govern. The prince seems to be in an ex- The vivacity of his parts is truly cellent method of education ; is wonderful ; and as he has a great pleased with his governors and pre- deal of spirit, he, at the same time,
is si sa
1751. Mr. Trenchard's Thoughts on GoYERNMENT. 197 is blessed with a moft amiable na: In a word, whenever prince Freture, and sweetness of temper, to derick shall come to be a sovereign direct that spirit, which never fails of nations, he will be the delight of to render it exceedingly engaging. them ; for then royal power will
His memory, both of persons and enable him to relieve, protect, and things, is beyond what is ordinarily reward in the most extensive mana to be met with. He says something A ner. This excellent difpofition, this to almost every one who comes to good nature, Thews he has it always wait upon him, but never says an in intention ; and from hence, I will improper thing. He very rarely alks venture to pronounce, That happy a second time, who such or such a will the people be whom he shall person is." He shews a constant at:
govern. tention to whatever is said to him, or in his presence ; and such an ap- B From the Remembrancer, May 18. parent desire to please and oblige Of GOVERNMENT, and upon wbat every body, as never fails of its end.
our FREEDOM depends. He never discovers the least mark of anger or resentment, upon any HERE is nothing in which occasion, that I could ever observe; the generality of mankind but always keeps up to the most ex. are so much mistaken, as when they act good breeding, gentleness, and a C talk of government : The different constant endeavour to be entertain- effects of it are obvious to every ing, in such a manner, as shows it to one ; but few can trace its causes : be natural in him to please!
Most men, having indigested ideas · His royal highness says many of the nature of it, attribute all things, and very frequently, much publick miscarriages to the corrup. above what might be expected from tion of mankind : They think the his tender" years : But what is moft D whole mass is infected; that it is remarkable, most distinguishing in impossible to make any reformation ; his character, is, That good nature and fo submit patiently to their which always appears in every thing country's calamities, or else share in he says:
the spoil : Whereas complaints of From this source of good nature
this kind are as old as the world, flow many excellent qualities, which and every age has thought their own time will not fail to ripen into noble E the worst ; we have not only our and princely virtues; from hence own experience, but the example of now arises that regard which his royal all times, to prove, that men in the highness laews to the instructions of fame circumstances will do the same his governors and preceptors ; this things, call them by what names of will grow up to that vircue, which distinction you please. A Governmakes princes listen to the wise ment is a mere piece of clock-work; counsel of their faithful servants, and F and having such springs and wheels, never inflexible to them.
must act in such a manner : And This good nature that now leads therefore, the art is, to constitute it him to treat every one in the most so, that it must move to the pubobliging manner, will, of course, lick advantage. It is certain, that improve into a tender and generous every man will act for his own concern for his inferiors; and ter. interest, and all wise governments minate in a diffusive and royal bene-G are founded that principle : ficence, which will fix this standing So that this whole mystery is maxim in his mind, That there is only to make the interest of the nothing good in power, but the Governors and governed the same. power of doing good.
In an absolute monarchy, where the
LIBERTY destroy'd by CORRUPTION.
May whole power is in one man, his in- all vices. Monsieur Bayle tells us tereft will be only regarded : In an of a great traveller, who being ralaristocracy the interest of a few, and
lied upon his rambling disposition, in a free government the interest of answered, That he would cease tra.
This would be the case velling, as soon as ever he could find of England, if some abuses, that
a country where power and credit have lately crept into our conftitu. A were in the hands of honest men, tion, were removed.
and preferments went by merit. UpThe freedom of this kingdom de- on which one of the company repends upon the people's chasing the plied, Nay then, you will infallihouse of commons, who are a part bly die travelling. Where bribery of the legislature, and have the role is practised, it is a thousand to one power of giving moneyWere this, but mischief is intended ; and the á true representative, and free from B more bribery, the more mischief : external force or private bribery, Therefore, this ought to be pernothing could pass there but what petually in the mind of every ho. they thought was for the publick nest Englishman ; because, where advantage. For their own interest corruption and publick crimes are is ro interwoven with the people's, not carefully opposed, and severely that if they act for themselves (which punished, neither liberty nor security every one of them will do as near C can posibly subfift. The idea of this as he can) they must act for the com.
liberty is what bestows a conscious mon interest of England : And if a pride in the breast of every Briton ; few among them should find it their
but this is the very height of fallacy: interest to abuse their power, it will Indeed, that constitution which has be the interest of all the rest to pu. existed among us for more than senith them for it ; And then our go- ven centuries, was the result of those vernment would act mechanically, D free and honest dispositions, which and a rogue would as necessarily be inspired or Saxon ancestors with vahanged, as a clock strike twelve lour in the field, and probity in when the hour is come.
council ; it was founded on the no. These are the very sensible thoughts blest motives, the happiness of the and lively expreffions of Mr. Tren
whole community : Tho' it has rechard, in his preface to his Hiftory_ceived many violent shocks, its basis of Standing Armies : And elsewhere E was too firm to be destroyed ; it still he says, The people must not expect shews its primitive strength ; but to see men of ability, or integrity, what open force couid not shake, in any places, while they hold them private artifice has almost effected : by no other tenure than the disser. For our liberty is little more than více they do their country in the nominal, we are the slaves of corhouse of commons.
ruption, are bought and sold at
F pleasure, and are chiefly conducive From tbe Westminster Journal, May 18. to our own destruction, LIBERTY destroyed by Corruption. Cicero, talking of the Roman feHE Roman virtue and the nate, then awed by power, or go.
Roman liberty expired toge- verned by avarice, says, Aut oljen. ther ; tyranny and corruption came tiendum eft nulla cum gravitate pau. upon them almost hand in hand; cis, aut fruftra dissentiendum ; meanand Pliny acquainted Trajan, that G ing, that they must either basely vote all his predecessors, except Nerva, with Crassus and Cæsar, or vote aand one or two more, studied how gainst them to no purpose : These to debauch their people, and how great men did not seek power, or to banith all virtue, by introducing use it, to do good to their country,
1751. A Description of NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. 199 which is the end of power ; but to Sherwood-Forest, more famous for. themselves, which is the abuse of it; merly than at present. Here is wont and it is to be observed, that where to be the justice seat of the chief government is degenerated into job. jufice in Eyre of all his majesty's bing, it quickly runs into tyranny forests, &c. north of Trent, where and dissolution.
his deputies or lieutenants act. Cam
A den tells us, that this forest was for. On tbe Dealb of Mr. Thomas Hunsdon, jun. wbo died in a Voyage at obe West.
merly a close shade, with the boughs Indies,
of trees so entangled in one another, Walte pita Lichov, scarce país”d of
that a fingle person could hardly
walk in the paths ; but it was much Untimely should'At be snatch'd to a cold
thinner in his time, yet still fed an And all thy virtues, hid from human fight, Surrounded by death's pow'r with gloomy
infinite number of deer. The plea. night,
B sant and glorious state of this forest In thee Thone forth humanity refin'd, has since wonderfully declined, and An honour clear, with a bright, candid
so many claims have been allowed, mind:
that Thornton said many years ago, An caly converse, free from party rage, And prudence worthy of consummate age. there would not shortly be wood left Ah! early loft, in thee I'd found a friend enough in it to cover the bilberries, In life's decline, and to its latest end.
which every summer were wont to With no mean view thou cross'dit old oce.
C be an extraordinary profit and pleaan's ftood;
sure to poor people, who gathered 'Twas to enlarge the pow'r of doing good : To bless thy parents, baffle fortune's (pite,
and carried them all about the counAnd set thy innate virtues in fair light. try to sell. The chief river is the But, heav'n all-wise has callid such merit Trent, which after having travers'd a hence,
long course, enters and runs cross the To give it early its full recompence.
fouthern part of this county, and
D then running all along the eastern A DESCRIPTION OF NOTTING. borders, separates it from Lincoln
HAMSHIRE. With a new shire. This river is the boundary and improved MAP.
by which England is divided in twe OTTINGHAMSHIRE (in our an- respects; first, of the justices in Eyre
cient Saxon records called of all the king's forests, chaces, Snotingahamscyre) is of an oval warrens, &c. on the north and south form, being about 40 miles long E of it; and secondly, of the two from north to south, 20 where broad. provincial kings at arms, clarencieux est from east to west, and 110 miles and norroy ; the first of which has in circumference. It is bounded on his jurisdiction on the south, and the the east with Lincolnshire, on the other on the north part of it, as the west with Derbyshire, and part of name North-roy imports. This counYorkshire, on the north again with ty has been noted for fine ale, it Yorkshire, and on the south with F abounds with liquorice, and here is Leicestershire. It is divided into 8 a sort of tone softer than alabaster, wapentakes, or hundreds, has 3 bo- but being burnt makes a plaister exroughs, 6 other market towns, 168 ceeding hard, which is often used parishes, and sends 8 members to to floor their rooms with, and when parliament, those for the county in spread and dry, is as hard as any the present parliament being lord common ftone, and looks as if the Robert Sutton, and John Thornhagh, G whole floor was one continued stone. Esq; The air is healthful, and the
The boroughs are, soil fruitful both in corn and grass, 1. Nottingham, the county town, being mostly either sandy or clayey, 97 computed, and 122 measured and the west part abounds with ex- miles N. W. from London. It is cellent pic-coal. In this county is
206 A Description of NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. May one of the ancienteft, and reckoned liffs, and 12 aldermen, and sends one of the nearest towns in England, two members to parliament, the pleasantly situate on the side of a present members being John White hill, near the conflux of the Lin and and William Mellish, Esqrs. The Trent, having large meadows on one market is on Saturdays, well stored fide, and hills of ealy ascent on the with fowl, fish, and butchers meat. other. Here are three neat churches, A 3. Newark upon Trent; 7 miles a very fine market-place, good N. E. from Nottingham, a very houses, fair streets, and the ruins of handsome, well-built town, having a castle on a steep rock. The name one of the finest parish churches in of this town comes from á Saxon England, with a fteeple of curious word, which fignifies caves; for architecture. It has a fair; spacious such the ancients dug under steep market place, and a great market rocks towards the Lin, før places of B on Wednesdays. It is governed by Tetreat. Some of these caves are a, mayor, ia aldermen, &c. and cut out with great art and industry sends two members to parliament, into convenient apartments, chim- who at present are lord William ncys, windows, &c. Many of them Manners, and Job Staunton Charl. lie under the castle. One of them ton, Elg; is noted for the history of Christ's Other market towns are, 1. Work, passion, cut out by David king of c lop, about 7 miles S. W. of RetScots, when a prisoner here ; and ford, very ancient, tho' at present there is another called Mortimer's. but a small town, with a market on hole, because Roger Mortimer, earl Wednesday, principally noted for of March, hid himself here, but its large quantity of malt and liquo. was afterwards taken by order of rice.-2. Blyth, 4 miles N. of Work, K. Edward III. and hanged for his sop, an indifferent town, with a crimes against his country, and his d small market on Thursday.---3. Tuxintrigues with the queen-mother. ford, 7 miles S. of Retford, com
The town is plentifully supplied with mónly called Tuxford in the Clays, all the necessaries of life, Sherwood- from the miry, clayey ground in Foreft, which lies on the north side of and about it. It is but a small, in25, with the coal-pits, supplying the different town, but has a market on inhabitants with fuel, and the river Monday.--4. Mansfield, about 12
Trent with plenty of fish, over which e miles S. W. of Tuxford, a large, is a fair itone bridge, and another well built, populous town in Sherover the Lin. Here are three mar. wood-Foreft, with a considerable kets weekly, viz. on Wednesdays, market on Thursday. The princiFridays, and Saturdays, and their pal business of the inhabitants is chief manufacture is weaving of making of malt.-5. Southwell, 10 frame-hole. It is governed by a miles S. E. of Mansfield, an ancient theyor, recorder, 2 coroners, 2 she- F town, endowed with many priviriffs, 2 chamberlains, a common- leges. It stands on a rivulet, that council, &c. and sends two mem- falls into the Trent, has a collegiate bers to parliament, who at present church, and a small market on Saare Sir Charles Sedley, Bart. and turdays.-6. Bingham, 8 miles S. lord viscount Howe. It gives title a small town, with a market on of earl to the family of Finch. (See Thursday. Its parlonage is of great a beautiful folio View of this town G value, for which reason it has been in our Mag. for 1749.)
bestowed on several noted men for 2. Retford, or East Retford, a. learning, from whence they have bout 26 miles N. E. of Nottingham, been frequently advanced to bifhopis very ancient, governed by two bai