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1751 A Description of NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. 199 which is the end of power ; but to Sherwood - Forest, more famous for themselves, which is the abuse of it; merly than at present. Here is wont and it is to be observed, that where to be che justice seat of the chief government is degenerated into job. justice in Eyre of all his majesty's bing, it quickly runs into tyranny forests, &c. north of Trent, where and dissolution.

his deputies or lieutenants act. Cam

A den tells us, that this forest was for. On the Dealb of Mr. Thomas Hunsdon,

jun. who died in a Voyage at ibe Weftmerly a close Thade, with the boughs Indies.

of trees so entangled in one another, WH

HAT pity! thou, scarce pass'd of that a fingle person could hardly

life the bloom, (tomb: walk in the paths ; but it was much Untimely mould'At be fnatch'd to a cold

thinner in his time, yet still fed an And all thy virtues, hid from human fight, Surrounded by death's pow'r with gloomy

infinite number of deer. The plea. night.

B fant and glorious state of this forest In thee Thone forth humanity refin'd, has fince wonderfully declined, and An honour clear, with a bright, candid

so many claims have been allowed, mind :

that Thornton said many years ago, An easy converse, free from party rage, And prudence worthy of consummate age.

there would not shortly be wood left
Ah! early loft, in thee I'd found a friend enough in it to cover the bilberries,
In life's decline, and to its latest end. which every summer were wont to
With no mean view thou crossidst old oce. C be an extraordinary profit and plea-

an's ftood;
•Twas to enlarge the pow'r of doing good :

sure to poor people, who gathered
To bless thy parents, baffle fortune's (pite, and carried them all about the coun-
And set thy innate virtues in fair light, try to sell. The chief river is the
But, heav'n all-wise has call'd lucb merit

Trent, which after having travers d a hence,

long course, enters and runs cross the To give it early its full recompence.

Joshua Dinsdale.

southern part of this county, and

D then running all along the eastern A DESCRIPTION OF NOTTING. borders, separates it from Lincoln

HAMSHIRE. With a new shire. This river is the boundary and improved MAP.

by which England is divided in twe OTTINGHAMSHIRE (in our an- respects; first, of the justices in Eyre

cient Saxon records called of all the king's forests, chaces, Snotingahamscyre) is of an oval warrens, &c. on the north and south form, being about 40 miles long E of it; and secondly, of the two from north to south, 20 where broad. provincial kings at arms, clarencieux eft from east to weit, and 110 miles and norroy ; the first of which has in circumference. It is bounded on his jurisdiction on the south, and the the east with Lincolnshire, on the other on the north part of it, as the west with Derbyshire, and part of name North-roy imports. This counYorkshire, on the north again with ty has been noted for fine ale, it Yorkshire, and on the south with F abounds with liquorice, and here is Leicestershire. It is divided into 8 a sort of stone softer than alabaster, wapentakes, or hundreds, has 3 bo- but being burnt makes a plaister exroughs, 6 other market towns, 168 ceeding hard, which is often used parilhes, and sends 8 members to to floor their rooms with, and when parliament, those for the county in spread and dry, is as hard as any the present parliament being lord common stone, and looks as if the Robert Sutton, and John Thornhagh, G whole floor was one contiuued stone. Esq; The air is healthful, and the

The boroughs are, foil fruitful both in corn and grass, 1. Nottingham, the county town, being mostly either sandy or clayey, 97 computed, and 122 measured and the west part abounds with ex- miles N. W. from London. It is cellent pit coal. In this county is




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one of the ancientest, and reckoned liffs, and 12 aldermen, and sends one of the neatest towns in England, two members co. parliament, the pleasantly situate on the side of a present members being John White hill, near the conflux of the Lin and and William Mellish, Esqrs

. The Trent, having large meadows on one market is on Saturdays, well stored fide, and hills of easy ascent on the with fowl, fish, and butchers meat. other. Here are three neat churches, A 3.: Newark upon Trent; 7 miles a very fine market-place, good N. E. from Nottingham, á very houses, fair streets, and the ruins of handsome, well-built town, having a castle on a steep rock. The name one of the finest parish churches in of this town comes from á Saxon England, with a steeple of curious word, whick fignifies caves ; for architecture. It has a fair; spacious such the ancients dug under steep market place, and a great market rocks towards the Lin, for places of B on Wednesdays. It is governed by retreat. Some of these caves are a, mayor, iz aldermen, &c. and cat out with great art and induftry sends two members to parliament, inco convenient apartments, chim. who. at present are lord William neys, windows, &c. Many of them Manners, and Job Staunton Charllie under the castle.. One of them ton, Esq; is noted for the history of Christ's Other market towns are, 1. Work, passion, cut out by David king of crop, about 7 miles S. W. of RetScots, when a prisoner here ; and ford, very ancient, tho' at present there is another called Mortimer's. but a small town, with a market on hole, because Roger Mortimer, earl Wednesday, principally noted for of March, hid himself here, but its large quantity of malt and liquo. was afterwards taken by order of rice.-2. Blyth, 4 miles N. of Work, K. Edward III. and hanged for his fop, an indifferent town, with a crimes against his country, and his p small market on Thursday.-3. Tuxintrigues with the queen-motherford, 7 miles S. of Retford, com

The town is plentifully supplied with mónly called Tuxford in the Clays, all the necessaries of life, Sherwood from the miry, clayey ground in Foreft, which lies on the north side of and about it. It is but a small, in35, with the coal-pits, supplying the different town, but has a market on inhabitants with fuel, and the river Monday.-4. Mansfield, about 12

Trent with plenty of fish, over which e miles S. W. of Tuxford, a large, is a fair itone bridge, and another well built, populous town in Sherover the Lin. Here are three mar- wood-Forest, with a considerable kets weekly, viz. on Wednesdays, market on Thursday. The princiFridays, and Saturdays, and their pal business of the inhabitants is chief manufacture is weaving of making of malt.--- 5. Southwell, 10 frame-hole. It is governed by a miles S. E. of Mansfield, an ancient theyor, recorder, 2 coroners, 2 she- f town, endowed with many privi. riffs, 2 chamberlains, a common- leges. le stands on a rivulet, that council, &c. and sends two mem- falls into the Trent, has a collegiate bers to parliament, who at present church, and a small market on Saare Sir Charles Sedley, Bart. and curdays.-6. Bingham, 8 miles S. lord viscount Howe. It gives title a small town, with a market on of earl to the family of Finch. (See Thursday. Its parlonage is of great a beautiful folio View of this town G value, for which reafon it has been in our Mag. for 1749.)

beltowed on several noted men for 2. Retford, or East Retford, a. learning, from whence they have bout 26 miles N. E. of Nottingham, been frequently advanced to bishopis very ancient, governed by two bai



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JOURNAL of the ProceEDINGS and Debates

in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 161.

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come first in season ; and those who In the Debate upon the Fishery Bill, come first to market will always get

which was begun in your last, the such an excessive profit upon their next that spoke was M. Agrippa, first cargoes, that they may afterwhose Speech was to the Effect as wards supply the market for little or follows:

no profit: If a man gets tool. pro

A fit upon the first rool's worth of Mr. President,

herrings which he sends to market, SIR,

sell igool's worth of herWAS glad to hear the noble rings at prime cost

, because the prolord who spoke last, declare fit of his first sale gives him 51. per

himself so sensible of the bene- cent. for his money, which is as fits that might accrue to this nation, much, I believe, as any man, espefrom the fitheries that might be car, B cially a Dutchman, can expect for ried on upon our own coals; and

the money he employs in the her: indeed they are so conspicuous, that ring fishery: it is imposible for any man that will Now, Sir, let us consider, that open his eyes not to see them ; yet, the Dutch send out yearly 800 or evident as they are, we must be con- 1000 Tips for the herring fishery. vinced by experience, that the trade This feet consists mostly of fishing will never be set on foot by private c vessels, called busses; but then every adventurers, and considering its pre- certain number of busses has a runsent ficuation, we may ealily dis- ner, or swift-failing vessel, to attend cover the reason why it will never them, which last they call yaggers, be so. If the white herring fishery and the first barrel of herrings caught were now in its infancy: If no other by every buss in the fleet is put on nation were now in possession of it, board one or more of these yaggers, I shall grant, that it might be set on D or runners, who fail away directly, foot by private adventurers, to their as soon as loaded, to Holland, where own great emolument, as well as the first herrings are sold generally that of their country ; but as the for zod. apiece ; and if more of Dutch are, and have been for many these yaggers come in than are neyears in poffeflion of this trade, they cessary for lupplying the first demand, are able, and certainly will endea- they fail away directly to some fovour to ruin any private adventurer, e reign market. This, I say, is their by underselling him at every foreign“ method at present, but if they found market.

themselves in danger of being riBesides, Sir, there is a particular valled by us in this trade, I make circumstance in this trade, which not the least doubt, but that they will always enable the Dutch to un- would order their yaggers to fail dersel our private adventurers ; for away directly from the feet without the chief profit of this trade lies in

f touching in Holland, in order to get the first sales that are made, in every

the first of the market at every place place where there is any sort of where herrings can be fold. market for this commodity. Her- These yaggers, Sir, attend the rings, like all other things, are sold Alect from June 24, when they beat an extravagant price, when they gin fishing, to July 15, by which E-- of Gle.

time they must be all dispatched, May, 1751.



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