« PredošláPokračovať »
224 The admirable Structure of our BODIES. May for in these we may observe, that the mind Geometricians have long endeavoured to haftens to assist the suffering fabrick, to contrivé a machine, that should always of wrestle with the enemy, and by the help icreif continue in motion, which they call of the animal spirits, without our being a perpetuum mobile; but having never fucfenfible of it, to excite new motions in the ceeded to their wish, they have hitherto body, whereby the poison, which oppreffes laboured in vain. For in such machines the Auids, may thro' all the paffages be something of the momentum of motion driven out of the body; from whence the A must every instant be loft, as it neceffarily more accurate sort of phyficians have de. yields to, and is gradually diminished by fined disease to be, a conflict of nature the friction of the parts themfelves; therecontending for its own preservation. fore it is necessary, that it Thould be per
In this manner care is taken, when the petually restored. For this reason it is whole machine is in danger ; but it fome- alone the omnipotent Author of all things, times happens to be neceffary to take care that can bring such a machine to perfection : of a particular part, and even then the He resolved that our bodies should be such mind is never wanting in its duty ; for if a machine, and he disposed its several any particular part be by chance viliated,
powers in such a manner, that there should left it Mould be opprefled, and sink under be a sort of circulation among them, by too great a weight, nature has lo provided, which at the same time that they perform that the blood and other fluids may find a their respective functions, they always mu. paffage thro' the neighbouring canals. tually restore each other. This is brought about by that wonderful - From hence it is manifeft, that the ani. formation of the body, hy which the little mal machine is not formed by piece-meal, tubes for the paffage of the Auids are so but all at once ; for it is impossible, that intricately interwoven among themselves, this circle of motions which depend upon and every where lo spread, that the blood each other, mould be performed, if any of may país not only from vein to vein, but their utenfils were wanting. For examfrom the smallest arteries into others ; ple ; let me ask, how the heart could con. therefore this artificial disposition is chiefly tract itself, in order to expel the blood, apparent where obstructions are most to be without the help of the animal spirits ; feared, such as the head, the lower part of and they again could not be produced withthe belly, and those long windings of the out the brain. The same question may be ducts which are adjoining to the genitals. asked with respect to every other principal And such a construction of our fabrick D
part. Those animalcules therefore, that is the more necessary, because, even tho' hy the help of microscopes, are found to no discase Mould happen, yet the custo- be swimming in femine masculino, are really mary motions of the body lometimes re- little children, which being received into quire, that the fluids should be carried the female womb, are there cherished, as thro' some of the ducts more freely than if it were in their neft, where they in. thro' others ; from whence it happens, crease, and are brought forth in due time. that in different sorts of men, by reafon of Therefore Hippocrates of old justly said, their different employments, the same & That in a body ibere is no forf part, but every blood vefsels are wider or narrower, ac- part is borb first and laff. cording as they are more or less dilated by To what I have already said, I Mall the perpetual motions of the fluids : So
only add, that every animal machine is of the wine bibbers have the arteries of the such a nature, that there is a sort of infibead, and the luftsul those of the genitals, nity in its conftituent parts ; so that as far larger, than fober persons, or persons less as we can observe, we find the parts progiven to venery.
ceeding in fibres fo infinitely fmall, that To these I may add, that it can hardly they escape the observation of our senses, otherwise be, but that the texture of the F tho affined by the best microscopes ; and animal parts, tho' most convenient for if it were otherwise, the nourishment could life, mould now and then meet with some not be distributed thro' the whole body, shocks ; much in the same manner as in nor could the functions of life be performed. the frame of the world it sometimes ne. Upon the whole therefore, a regular ceffarily happens, that in some places there motion of the fluids, and a proper state of Mould be storms of thunder and lightning, the rolids, is what constitutes health ; and hurricanes, inundations, pestilences, and the deviations of these are diseases, which such like calamities. But as the supreme G being almost innumerable, and one often Governor of the world restrains and cir- begetting another, it may seem to be alcumscribes these last evils, according as the most a miracle, should any animal body nature of things requires, so for those to reach to extreme old age. And from which our little world is subject he has hence, surely, we may clearly see, how provided proper remedies,
extensive the use of phyfick is, and how far it excels all other sciences. But
1751. Rules for the Preservation of Health. 225
But the Almighty and Divine geometri. al leaf cartilaginous ; the semilunar valves, cian has formed this machine, the only one especially of ibe arteria aorta, were per felt lng that has perpetual motion, so as to last for cartilaginous; and ibat membrane fibe brain a longer or shorter time, according to the called ibe dura mater was ibrice as tbick as different circumstances of the animals
usual, and was found to be of a fubftance like for that this body of ours Mould for ever learker., semain alive, is impoffible ; because the After this the doctor proceeds to explain, membrancus fibres of the canals, by which A and to prescribe for, the several diseales ina the blood is conveyed, and which we have cident to the human body ; and concludes said to be indued with an elastick force, with some rules for the preservation of for pushing forward the liquor inclosed, healih ; in which he observes, that those grow harder and more fuff ; írom whence diseases which proceed from too much ab. they become unfit for their proper uses, ftinence are more dangerous than those and the secrecions of the fluids in the leve- which proceed from repletion ; because it ral parts are by litele and little diminimed. is easier to empty than to add. For this Belides, the emitting of the useless fluids reason he advises, that to preserve health by perspiration through the small pores of B add vigour, we should now and then in the skin, which is absolutely neceffary for dulge a little more than usual borh in eatlife, grows in old age insufficient ; as has *ing and drinking ; but excess in drinking been demonstrated by diffecting the bodies is safer than excess in eating ; and if at of aged persons ; which diffections have any time we exceed in the latter, he advises sometimes thewo, that the interior parts of us to conclude with a draughi or cold wa. the arteries were here and there covered ter, and even sometimes to add a little lemon with an cflified fubtance, so that they had juice. After eating, he says, we ought to almoft quite lost ther elasticity: And far. C keep awake for some time, and then to take tber, the oritices of the natural ducts have a nap ; and if upon any account we are to often, in such cases, been found to be fast for a long time, we ought to avoid any grown as hard as a cartilage.
fort of hard labour ; nor ought we ever to Two notable examples of this fort I shall fast long after a full meal, nor to cat a full give an account of, one of which our own meal after long fafting ; neither ought we annals have furnished. A poor countryman,
to go to immediate reft after very hard lanamed Thomas Parr, born in the healtha bour, nor run into violent exercise after ful county of Salop, where to the age of long reft ; therefore all changes ought to 130 he had employed himself in the hard D be made by little and little. Jabour of country-work, had then become Our kind of life ought likewise, he says, blind, and was at last brought to London, to be variegated ; Sometimes in thecountry, where he remained for some time, and die sometimes in town, sometimes navigating, , ed in 1635, after arriving at the age of 152 sometimes hunting, and sometimes refting, years and nine months. This man's body but more frequently exercifing ; because had the honour to be dissected by that im- Nuggishness weakens, but exercise ftrength. mortal discoverer of the circulation of the ens the body. But in all these things a meblood, William Harvey, who found all the e dium is to be observed, for we ought not to parts in good condition, except the brain, fatigue too much, or exercise too frequentwhich he found to be grown solid and hard ly or too violently,' iho before eating we
to the touch; ro much had length of days ought always to take a little exercise, of hardened the vessels which contained the all kinds of exercise riding, he says, is the fluids in that part of the body.
buit, or if too weak for that, to be carried The other example is recorded in our in a coach, or at least in a litter or chair. Phil sophical Transactions. The story is of Then he recommends military exercises, a decrepid old Swiss, a miner, who died in tennis, or cricket, and running, or walking; 1723, at the age of 109 years and three F but old age, he lays, has often this disadmonths; and it was transmitted to us hy vantage, that tho' exercise be necessary for that learned physician John Jacob Sceuchzer the body, it has not strength to bear it. In of Zurich. In diffecting his body be ex.
this case he recommends frequent rubbing acrior coul of ibe spleen was found io be full
with a felh brush, either by one's felt, or of wbite spors, subich at first view resembled by the help of a servant. be puftules of obe small.pox, and wbicb were Then he confiders Neep, which he calls altoges ber as bard as a cartilage,' and rifing
a sweet relief from our cares, and a reflorer a little above obe superficies of be rest of the G of our strength ; but cautions us against cost ; tbe prominences of ibe breaft, wbere ir indulging it 100 much, because it then ftujoins wiebibe ribs, were become quite ofified; pifies our senses, and renders them unfit bat lendon by wbicb ibe arteries are inserted for the common offices of life. Night he is the beari, was eisber entirely offified, or recommonds as the tittest time for (leeping, May, 1751
· May because of its da kness and filence ; espe- ftanding. He had not any power in him. cially for the studious, whose minds and bo. self of pleasing or amusing, but supplied dies are more liable to injuries,
his want of conversation by treats and diAs to food, he recommends the tender versions ; and his chief act of courtship and lighter sort for children, and the Atrung- was to fill the mind of his mistress with er for those of riper years; but old people, parties, rambles, mufick, and shows. We he says, ought to diminish their quantity of were often engaged in short excurfions to food, and increase that of their drink. A gardens and seats, and I was for a while Something, however, is to be allowed for pleased with the care which Venuftulus dir custom, especially in cold climates, such as covered, in securing me from any appearthis, whie e the appetite is keener, and the ance of danger, or possibility of mischance. digestion easier.
He never failed to recommend caution to Lallly, he confiders copulation, as to his coachman, or to promise the waterman which, he says, nature may be indulged hy a reward if he landed us fafe, and his great the youthful and vigorous, but ought never care was always to return by daylight for even by them to be provoked ; and old peo- fear of' robbers. This extraordinary solici.
B ple ought to be particularly careful not to tude was represented for a time as the ef. cut th rt their thread of life, by making a feet of his tenderness for me ; but fear is pain of a pleasure.
too strong for continued hypocrisy. I loon And for the comfort of the poor, he con. discovered that Venuftulus had the cowarcludes with comparing their condition with dife as well as the elegance of a female. His that of the rich; upon which he gives the imagination was perpetually clouded with preference to the former, unless the latter terrors, and he could scarcely refrain from be accompanied with, and governed by screams and outcries at any accidental surgreat prudence.
C prize. He durft not enter a room where a
rat was heard behind the wainscoat, nor From: ibe Rambler, May 7.
cross a field where the cattle were frisking
in the sunshine ; the Icaft breeze that waved Seory of TRANQUILLA ; or, an old Maid's
upon the river was a storm, and every claApology.
mour in the street was a cry of fire. I have T is not very difficult to bear that con- reen him lose his colour when my squirrel
dition to which we are not condemned had broke his chain, and was forced to by necessity, but induced by observation and throw water in his face on the sudden enchoice; and therefore I, perhaps, have ne
trance of a black cat. I was once obliged ver yet feit all the malignity, with which a to drive away with my fan a beetle that reproach-edged with the appellation of old kept him in distress, and chide off a dog maid (wells in some of those hearts, in which that yelped at his heels, to whom he would it is infixed. I was not condemned in my gladly have given up me to facilitate his own youth to solitude, either by neceffity or escape. Women naturally expect defence want, nor pissed the earlier part of life and protection from a lover or a husband, without the Aattery of courtship, and the and therefore you will not think me culpajoys of triumph. I have danced the round E ble in refusing a wretch, who would have of gaiery am dit the murmurs of envy and burthened life with unnecessary fears, and gratulations of applause, been attended Aown to me for that fuccour, which it was from pleasure to pleasure by the great, the his duty to have given. fprightly, and the vain, and seen my re- My next lover was Fungoso, the ron of gard folicited by the obsequiousness of gal- a sockjobber, whole vifits my friends, by Jantry, the gaiety of wit, and the timidity the importunity of persuasion, prevailed of love. If, therefore, I am yet a stranger upon me to allow. Fungoro was indeed no to nuptial happiness, I suffer only the con- very suitable companion, for having been fequences of my own resolves, and can look F bred in a cuunting-house, he spoke a lana bick upon the fucceffion of lovers, whose guage unintelligible in any other place. addresses I have rejected, without grief, and He had no defire of any reputation but that without malice.
of an acute prognosticator of the changes When my name first began' to be inscrib- in the funds ; nor had any means of raifing ed upon glasses, I was honoured with the merriment, but by telling how somebody amorous profeifions of the gay Venuftulu, was over-reached in a hargain by his father. a gentleman, who, being the only son of a He was, however, a youth of great fobrie. wealthy family, had been educated in all G ty and prudence, and frequently informed the wantonness of expence, and softness of us how carefu!ly he would improve my for. effeminacy. He was beautiful in his per. tune. I was not in hafte to conclude the fon, and caly in his address, and, there. match, but was so much awed by my pa. fore, foon gained upon my eye at an age rents, that I durft not dismiss him, and when it is very little overuled by the under. might, perhaps, have been doomed for ever
1751. EXTRACT from the SCRIBLERIA D.
227 to the groffoels of ignorance, and the jar. gon of ulury, had not a fraud been disco. Argument of obe Fourib Book of the Scri. vered io the settlement, which set me free BLERIAD. (Sep. 130, 131.) from the perfecution of grovelling pride and The lives in a pocon, informs him that pecuniary impudence.
I was afterwards fix months without any all his misfortunes are owing to the mur. particular notice, but at last became the idol der of the Acroftich, for whose death he of the glitrering Flofculus, who prescribed A must make atonement, and celebrate games the mode of embroidery to all the fops of to his memory. The heroe returns to the his time, and varied at pleasure the cock of violated island, and submillively sues fur every hat, and the Neeve of every coat that peace. Then follow the games. Scrible. appeared in fashionable assemblies. Flor- rus establishes a lasting friendship with the culus made some impression upon my heart inanders, and retires loaded with presents. by a compliment which few ladies can hear He pursues his course up the Red Sea, and without emotion ; he commended my skill
travels over the delart to Calio, He brierin dress, my judgment in fuiting colouts: B of the petiified city, and concludes with
ly touches his journey from thence in quest and my art in dispofing ornaments. But Flosculus was too much engaged by his own
his affliction for the loss of his treasures. elegance, to be sufficiently attentive to the The pilgrims condol ng with him thereon, duties of a lover. He expected to be repaid are interrupted by an omen which they in. part of his cribute, and taid away three days terpret in his favour ; then praying for his because I neglected to take notice of a new success, and presenting him with the most coat, I foon found that Flosculus was ra. valuable of their treasures, they depart. ther a rival than an admirer, and that we
We selest ibe following lines in Ive gomes, Aould probably live in a perpetual struggle C for ibe foke of ibe note. of emulous finery, and spend our lives in Once more, I thus bespoke th'attentive ftratagems to be first in the fashion,
train : I had soon after the honour, at a feaft, of Advance the skilful marksmen on the plain, attracting the eyes of Dentatus, one of Who, with the air's compreft elastic force, those human beings whole only happiness is From wind-guns feed the bullet'o rapid to dine. Dentatus regaled me with foreign course. varieties, told me of measures that he had High on the summit of yon lofty hill, Jaid for procuring the best cook in France, The milk-whire courser by the sculptor's
D and entertained me with bills of fare, the skill,
[ftands, arrangement of dishes, and two fauces in. Vast as the Trojan horse, conspicuous vented by himself ; at length, such is the And speaks the labuur of no vulgar hands uncertainty of human happiness, I declared Who smite the need shall share one gen'ral my opinion too hartily upon a pie made prize, under his own direction ; after which he This radiant store of matchless butterflies, grew so cold and negligent, that he was * Such representations on the fides of easily dismifred,
hills are not uncommon. We have a reMany other lovers, or pretended lovers, E markable description of one by a learned I have had the honour to lead a while in antiquary, in a letter to Dr. Mead, concerne triumph. But two of them I drove from ing some antiquities in Berkthire, particu. me by discovering that they had no taste or Jarly thewing, that the white horre, which knowledge in mulick; three I dismissed be- gives name to the vale, is a monument, cause they were drunkards ; two, because &c. “ Our horse is formed on the side of they paid their addresses at the same time a steep hill. His dimensions are extended to other ladies ; and fix, because they at. over an acre of ground, or thereabouts. tempted to influence my choice by bribing F The horse, at firt view, is erough to raise my maid. Two more I discarded at the the admiration of every curious spectator, second visit for obscene allufions, and five being designed in so matter - like a manoes, for drollery on religion. In the latter part that it may defy the painter's skill to give of my reign I sentenced two to perperual a more exact description of that animal, exile, for offering me settlements by which The neighbouring inhabitan's have a cura the children of a former marriage would tom of scouring the horse, as they call it ; have been injured ; four, for misrepresent. at which time a rolcmn tenival is celebra. ing the value of their estates ; three, for ted, and manlike games with prizes exhibica concealing their debts ; and one, for rail. Ged. If ever the genius of king Alfred exing the rent of a decrepit tenant.
erted itself (and it never failed him in his After all that I have said, the reproach greatest exigencies) it did remarkably upon ought not to be extended beyond the crime, the account of this trophy, that may hercaf. nor either sex to be condemned, because (er vie wich the pyramids for duration, and fome women er men are indelicate or perhaps exist when there thall be no more." dimonest.
IRISH LASS I E.
No Highland lad or dear pantin (With pleasing ftrain and verse so witty) 9
Each nymph's alarm'd! each swain is She wears no fav’rite pitch or paint,
With my beautiful Irish laffie.
O my, &c. Preserve, ye gods, this matchless fair,
Who needs no dow'r of treasure To my beautiful Irish laffic.
Since all the graces heav'n can share ;
Unite in our Irish laffie.
O my, &c, To tread the filver (par gled dew,
So great's my store, I ask no more,
But niy beautiful Irifti laffie.
First man turn single with his partner, and cast off , lest hands single and caft up, gallop down the middle, up again and cast off my right and left with the cop couple