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1751, A Description of LEICESTERSHIRE.

343 Mr. Keppel had the happiness of finishing pare is mostly barren, and in some places the affairs he went upon to his fatisfaction, rocky and Atony, tho' in other places, near and gave the king's presents. You may Chunwood-forest, they have store of lime. be sure every thing was quite new to me, » fono, with which they manure their and therefore entertaining. At the two ground. The south-west and north.ealt publick audiences at arriving and taking parts are again of a good soil both for uilleave, we all attended his excellency the lage and pasturage. It is but sparingly commodore, and drank coffee with the A 'uinished with wood, especially in the dey : The other days the commodore went south and east parts, which defed is well only attended by his drugs

en, and

fupplied the great plenty of pit.coal, while he was employed for the publick digged up in the northern parts, which begood we made excursions into the country : ing hilly is called the Would, and breeds The Turks behaved with great civility to plenty of cattle. The market.towas are, us, and notwithstanding the number of 1. Leicester, on the river Soar, the failors, not one riot or complaint happened county town, and the only borough here during our Aay. There were 15 Spanish that sends members to parliament, 80 officers Naves there, and upon the Spanish B computed and 99 measured miles N. w. monarch's refufing to let a Turkinh officer from London. It is pleasantly situated in a be redeemed, and giving themselves little rich foil and healthfui air, was anciently a trouble about redeeming their own officers, , large and populous city, and is now the these poor gentlemen, who had at first largeft, beft built, and most populous town been very well treated, were put to work, in the county. It was formerly encomand the day we went on board were yoked paired with a wall, which was in a great like beasts to stone carts, several of thein measure demolished in the civil wars, but otd captains, and one colonel past seventy. c feveral gates are yet itanding. The castle

is so far dismantled as to be unfit for miliA DESCRIPTION of LEICESTER- tary defence, and is used now for holding the SHIRE: Wirb a new Map of be

aflizes. Here are 5 parish churches, of fame.

which St. Margaret's is a noble and ele.

gant structure. In the Grey Friers here, EICESTERSHIRE is an inland the body of Richard III. after he was nain

at Bosworth, was meanly interred, which Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire ; on the being afterwards destroyed, the fepulchré east, with Lincolnshire and Rutlandthire ;D wherein he lay, which was a stone chelt, on the south, with Northampionshire ; served in an inn for a drinking trough for and on the west, with Warwickshire. It horses. Here is an hospital built by Henry is divided into 6 hundreds, extends from Plantagenet earl of Leicester, and supportcast to west about 27 miles, and from north ed by some revenues of the dutchy of Lanto south 23, making about 100 miles in cir- caster ; but the most stately ftru&ure is the cumference ; contains about 560,000 acres, new hospital for poor Lazars, with a cha. has 12 market.towns, 192 parishes, and pel, and a library for the ministers and upwards of 18,7c0 houfes ; and sends 4 & fcholars belonging to the town, and a chamembers to parliament, 2 for the county, rity school for boys and girls. The town and 2 for the borough of Leicester ; Ed. is endowed with great privileges, and the ward Smith and Wrightson Mundy, Esqrs. freemen are exempt from tolls in all the being members for the former in the pre- markets of England. It is governed by a senc parliament, and George Wrighte and mayor, recorder, 24 aldermen, 48 comJames Wigley, Erors. for the latter. The mon-council men, 2 chamberlains, &c. Welland washes the south borders, and Its chief business, and that of the neigh. parts it from Northamptonshire ; the Soar bouring towns, is stocking-weaving ; and runs thro' the middle of the county, and F it has 3 markets weekly, viz. on Wedfalls into the Trent ; and there gently nesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays, the last flows a small river, called the Wreke, one of the best in England for corn and which at laft joins the Ssar; and it is also cattle. It was antiently a bishop's see, but well water'd with other itreams. It is is now, as is the whole county, in the diogenerally a chanıpain country, pleasant and cese of Lincoln. It formerly gave title of healthful, the air mild and temperate, and earl to the family of Sidney, but now to the roil different in different places ; the that of Coke. A great many curious pieces south-east part being exceeding fruitful in G of Roman antiquity, medals, coins, &c. alt forts of grain, especially peasc and have been found here, In the time of the beans, and having rich pastures, which civil war, an. 1645, Leicefter was by the feed abundance of Meep, whose wool is king's forces taken by form, and suffered very fine and goud; but the north. we much ; but afterwards was surrendered ro 3



344 A Description of LEICESTERSHIRE. Aug. general Fairfax, by lord Loughborough, was fought the decisive battle between upon mean conditions. In St. Martin's Richard III. and Henry earl of Richmond, church here, is a memorable epitaph, 0- wherein the latter proving vi&orious, and ver Mr. John Heyrick, who died, April 2, having Nain his enemy, obcained the 1589, aged 76; he lived in one house with crown, and reign'd, the first of the Tu. Mary his wife full 52 years, and in all dors, by the name of Henry VII. And that time never buried man, woman, or here is a little mount, where Henry made child, tha' sometimes 20 in family. The A a speech to encourage his army before the said Mary lived to 97 years, and saw be

battle. fore her death, Dec. 8, 1611, of her chil. 8. Hinkley, 4 miles S. E. of Bosworth, dren, childrens children, and their chil- a small town, whose market is on Mondren, to the number of 143.

days. It stands pleasantly on an hill, and 2. Alby de la Zouch, so called as be. has a large, fair church, with a great stone longing formerly to the noble family of the fpire steeple. 2ouches, 16 miles N. W. from Leicester, 9. Lutterworth, 11 miles S. E. of Hink. pleasantly ficuated between two parks, near ley, a small town, seated in a good foil, Derbyshire, and is a town of very good B with a market on Thursdays. The fai account, with a large handsome church, mous John Wickliffe was redor of this and a conliderable market on Saturdays. place : He was the first English reformer, Its 4 annual fairs are noted for excellent in che reign of Edward III, and zealously young horses. It had a castle, which was preached and wrote against the abomina. demolished in 1648, by ordinance of par- ble corruptions of the church of Rome ; Jiament, but two towers still remain.' In for wbich tho' he was violently persethe neighbourhood is Cole. Overton, fa. cuted by the PopiAh clergy, who fought his mous for coal mines,

C life, yet being protected by the duke of 3. Loughborough, about 9 miles N. E. Lancaster, and some other great men, ke from Alby de la Zouch, pleasantly seated ended his days in peace ; tho' afterwards among fertile meadows, a handsome, well- his bones were dug up and burnt, by order built town, which some will have to be a of the council of Conftance, the same pia royal ville in the Saxon times. It has a ous council, which, contrary to all good good market on Thursdays. A little S, W. faith, sentenced John Husse and Jerome of of this town lies Charnwood, or Charnley- Prague to the flames, cho' they had the Forest, 20 miles in compass.


emperor's letters of safe conduct, in con4. Mount-Sorrel, or rather Mount. sequence of their villainous decree, that no Soar-Hill, because situate under a great faith was to be kept with hereticks. The eminence on the river Soar, over which it church of Lutterworth, which has a neat has a good stone bridge. It lies about 6 and lofty (pire Ateeple, was some years ago miles S. E. from Loughborough, and has a beautified with a costly pavement of Small market on Mondays. In times past chequer'd stone, new pews, and every it was of great renown for its caftle, feat. thing else new, except the pulpit, which is ed on a steep and craggy hill, formerly be. made of thick oak planks, fix inches longing to the earls of Leicester, and af. E square, with a seam of carved work in the terwards to Quincy earl of Winchester, joints ; which is preserved in memory of but was demolished in 1217.

the abovementioned Wickliffe, whole pul5. Melcon- Mowbray, so denominated pit it was, if tradition may be relied upon. from its ancient lords the Mowbrays, II Camden says, there is a spring of water miles N. E. from Mount-Sorrel, a pretty near Lutterworth, so very cold, that it soon large, well-built town, ftuate in a fertile converts Araws and sticks into stone. foil, and having a market on Tuesdays to 10. Harborough, or Market-Harborough, very congderable for corn, cattle, hogs, 6 miles S. E. of Lutterworth, a good thoTheep, &c, that next to Leicester, it is


rough fare town, with a considerable maresteemed the best in the county. It has a ket on Tuesdays. It is remarkable, that beautiful church, in the form of a cross, this town has no 6elds nor lands helonging which seems to have been formerly col- to it, insomuch that they have a proverb legiate.

here, That a goose will eat up all the grass 6. Waliham on the Would, 3 miles N. E. that grows at Harborough. It gives title from Melton-Mowbray, a mean town, but of earl to the family of Sherrard. has a market on Thursdaye.

11. Hallaton, about 6 miles N. E. of 7. Bosworth, or Market. Bosworth, 11 G Harborough, a poor town in a rich foil, miles W. of Leicester, an antient, plea- that has a small market on Thursdays, and fant town, feated on a hill, in a whole. a handsome church. some air and fruitsul soil both for corn and 12. Billesdon, 4 mile N. W. of Hallagrafs, and having a good market on Wed- ton, has a market on Fridays. nesdaye. About 3 miles from this town



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345 JOURNAL of the Proceedings and Debates in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from

P. 307

be sooner prorogued or dissolved by The next that foke in the Debate con- such person who Thall be next heir to

tinued in your last, ovas Quintus the crown ; and this without distincMucius, whose Speech was to this tion, whether the next heir shall be Eftet.

a person of full age, or an infant of

three days old ; therefore when the Mr. Chairman,

A next heir happens to be an infant, SIR,

those who get poffeffion of his perROM the whole of this debate son may prevent the parliament's act

I find, gentlemen do not enough ing, by proroguing or diffolving it as consider, that the necessity of such a soon as it has met ; and as they are bill as this proceeds from a molt gla- not obliged by law to call another, ring, and indeed a most tremendous they may fall upon ways and means, defect in our constitution ; for with B as Richard III. did, to support their respect to the sovereign, the law ac

government, till they have concertknowledges no such thing as a mino- ed proper methods for getting fuch a rity : A child of two or three days parliament chosen, as will approve of old may by our constitution come to all they have done, or propose to be be our king or queen, and the mo- done. ment the father dies, that child is by As many little defects in our conlaw invested with the whole sovereign C ftitution have been removed fince his or executive power of the govern- majesty's happy accesion to the ment; so that whoever gets possessi- throne, so his majesty from his wifon of the person of that child, whe- dom and goodneis intended by the ther by fair or forcible means, be- message he sent us upon this occasicomes of course possessed of the go. on, to get this great and tremendous yernment, and all the prerogatives defect removed, by having such a re. belonging to the sovereign. By this Dgulation now made as may be a predefect it was that Richard duke of cedent fit to be followed by all future Gloucester, afterwards Richard III.

generations ; and as the other house got poffeffion of the sovereign pow. has concurred, so I hope, this house er, and by this he was enabled to will concur with his majesty in this perpetrate the many murders and most wise and most gracious intenti. other heinous crimes he was guilty on; for that some new regulation of. From this defect, Sir, every E for preventing the unlawful seizure gentleman may see, that upon every and unjust detainer of the person of minority that happens, confusion and an infant sovereign is necessary, I becivil wars must probably arise, if not lieve, no gentleman will deny ; and prevented by a proper law palled dur. as the present design is not only to ing the life of the preceding fove. provide against the present eventual reign : Nor can this danger be pre- misfortune, which heaven avert, but vented by the law we now have, by F against all future misfortunes of the which it is enacted, That upon the like nature, both the circumstances demise of the sovereign, the parlia. and characters of the persons now in ment Mall immediately meet, fit; being, or that may hereafter happen and act, during the term of fix to exist, must be left entirely out of months ; becaule in that act there is the question. The amiable charac. this condition. Unless the same hall ter of the princess now to be appoint


ed regent, might induce us to put Avgust, 1751.


x x

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