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· 1751.
: The Mind improv'd by STUDY.

359 taining to his eye ; becomes, in corrected. It gives reftitude and fort, a pleasing epitome of all that exactness to our thoughts, and is most valuable in the different sea- ftrength and vigour to our reason. It fons of the year, and in the remotest aids and assists us in the regular and countries. And thus it is with the just arrangement of whatever we mind, which ever repays the care, propose to write or speak, and prewhich we take in the cultivation of A lents the brightest sages of antiquity it, with the the utmost gratitude and to our view, as the noblest patterns profufion. That is the foil, which for our imitation. By setting their every one, who is conscious of his judgment before us in a fair and adhigh descent, and for what worthy vantageons light, we walk with purposes he was created, is under safety under their friendly guidance an indispensable obligation to im- , and direction. prove to the best advantage ; a foil B Was this study of no other use, both rich and fertile, capable of the than that of acquiring a habit of noblest productions, and alone worthy labour, the attaining of a steadiness of of all our care.

mind, and fubduing our averfions to The mind is actually refreshed and such things as seem to give a check invigorated by those sublime truths, to the natural bent of our inclinations, with which she is fupplied by the it would, notwithstanding, prove a help of Audy. It gradually increases C concern of the last importance. In and grows up, as it were, with those effect, it draws us off from indolence great men, whose operations are the and inactivity, from a corrupt taste objects of its attention. It strives, for gaming, from a too violent purby a laudable emulation, to attain suit of the diversions in fashion, and in to their honour and fame, and has short, from a too partial indulgence just grounds to expect it from that of our inordinate appetites and affecsuccess which they have met with. Dtions : It fills up, to advantage, all Unmindful of its own frailty, it our vacant hours, and renders that makes glorious attempts to rise with leisure highly agreeable, which, them above its usual pitch. Being without the aid of study, is a kind of but poorly provided of itself, and death, and the grave, if I may contracted within a narrow compass, be indulged the expression, of a man it has too often but small scope of alive. invention, and its powers are with E The next grand article in the inease exhausted. Study, however, Itruction of youth, is the forming of compensates for all its imperfections, their manners. --Were there no and supplies its various necessities nobler views in infruction, than the from abroad. It opens the under- improvement of youth in learning, standing by foreign aid, extends its were it to aim only at the enlargeviews, enlarges is ideas, and ren- ment of their ideas, without a due ders them more lively and distinct. F regard to the forming of their hearts ; By ftudy, we are taught to consider it would not answer what might truth in a variety of lights, to dis- juftly be expected from it, nor concern the copiousness of principles, duct us to one of the principal ends and draw the remorcit conclutions for which we were created. from them.

Man is a sociable creature, and Ac our first entrance into the not made for himself alone. Proworld, we are overwhelmed with a G vidence has allotted him a proper cloud of ignorance, which is very sphere to move in ; he is the memmuch augmented by the false preju- ber of a community, the advantages dices and preposTellions of a bad whereof he ought, as much as is in education. By study, however, the his power, to promote. former is dispersed, and the latter



However, amongst the vaft variety ryname of lessons, are on their of employments, which distinguish guard, and turn a deaf ear to all

, one man from another, all publick such admonitions. posts of trust require the moft fining In order, therefore, to preserve talents, and a more than common them from the contagion of the Ihare of wisdom and good conduct. present degenerate age, they must

Now it is virtue alone, that quali- A be carried back into distant counfics a man for the due discharge of tries, as well as times, and the o. any such important offices. It is pinions and examples of the great the good intention of the heart, that men of antiquity must be opposed distinguishes him from the common to the false maxims, and bad exherd of mankind, and renders him amples, by which the greater part a proper inftrument for the promo- of mankind are led astray. Youth tion of social happiness. It is virtue, B will attend with pleasure to fuch that gives him a true taste of glory, lectures, as

lectures, as are recommended to that inspires him with zeal for his them by a Scipio, or a Cyrus ; and country, and with proper motives fuch instructions, concealed under the to serve it to the utmoft of his power: pleasing mask of fories, will make It is virtue, that prompts him to a deeper impression on their minds, think nothing truly valuable but as they appear artless, and seem to fincerity and justice ; nothing agree. Cbe laid before them without design. able, but a conscience void of of- By the great examples, and amifence towards God and man; and able characters, which are to be met nothing odious or shameful, but with in history, our youth are taught what is vicious.

to have an early sense of what is ex. The end of all study, therefore, cellent, to have a taste for virtue, is to make men virtuous. The end and to fix their attention on real of instruction, in the opinion of Pla-D merit. From hence they learn to to, was to reform the manners of form a judgment on mankind, to youth: And whoever departed from conquer popular prejudices, and to chat great principle, did by no look upon a real service done to means deserve the approbation of a friend in diftress, preferable to the the publick.

conqueft of an eneiny in the field We may with ease apply this of battle. principle to the study of literature, E Nothing is more apt to inspire and all the liberal arts. The use sentiments of virtue, and create a that ought to be made of them is, deteftation of vice, than the converto inspire young pertons, by a pro- fation of men of merit. And this per application of the maximns, ex- advantage is principally to be drawn amples, and remarkable events, from the perusal of the best authors. which are transmitted to us in the It forms a kind of relation betwixt writings of the most approved au- F us and the greatest men among the zhors, with the love of virtue, and antients. We converse with them ; an abhorrence of vice.

we live with them ; we hear their Youth stand in need of a faithful discourse ; and are witnesses of their and conttant monitor, and an ad. actions. vocate to plead with them in the When a tutor has gone thus far, cause of truth, integrity, and right and has inftilled the principles of reason. But who muit this moni. G honour and honesty into the hearts tor be? Shall their tutors form set of his pupils, he is to take one step Jeffons for their improvement in farther, and to use his utmost endea this particular? By no means. vours to confirm them in the prinChildren take the alarm at the ve. ciples of their most holy religion.


*751. Pleasant Stories of Diogenes at Athens. 361

This is the most important and er- both the sellers acd talkers of all sential point, and should be the chief forts, I at length happened to light end of all their instructions. Tho' upon a philolopher, who was dirreligion should not be always in their couring concerning the quality and mouths, yet it should be ever in their eficacy of the fun. Coming up to minds, and never out of fight.

him, and crowding in among his There are a thousand patlages to A audito:5, I asked him, Pray, Sir, be mer with in the writings of the how love is it Snce you dropt from Pagans themselves, which furnish a heaven The poor oro, not a little judicious tutor with such relictions, surprized at my quition, antwered as are proper to give youth an ade- not a word; which tis audience ob. quate idea of the fanctity, and the serving, and thinking I had consuperior excellence of the christian founded his arguments, departed. teligion to any other. And such pas: B leaving him to contemplate the rest sages qughe frequently :o be thrown upon the ground, and me to pursue in childrens way; as instruction, by my frolick. Quitting this numbíku!, examples, is more efectual and per- I accoited another, a poet, who fitfuasive than by precepts,

tirg, crowned with laurel, in the In short, reason, after having midit of a throng, and pretending grac'd the understanding of a scho- not a little to divination, i demande Jar with the knowledge of all bu. C ed of him, Whether he was a good, man Sciences, and strengthen'd his or a bad prophet? Perceiving me to heart with all the moral virtues, hold up my stick, he answered, He muft at length resign him into the was a good one. Guess then, quoth hands of religion, that he may learn I, whether I intend to strike thee from thence how to make a right or not.

I believe you dare not, ufe of all that has been taught him, replied he. Taking that for an arand be consccrated for eterniry. D gument of his ignorance, I fruck Reason should inform him, that him. The mob immediately made without the instructions of this new a great clamour ; whereupon turn. master, all his labour wouid prove ing to them, I asked, what they but a vain amusement. Reason, in meant by all that noise? Is it, quoth fine, should suggest to him, that it I, because I have beaten a false is his greatest happiness, and most in- prophet? Hereupon the people, bedispensable duty, to make all his E ing convinced of their error, forother acquifitions and talents subser- sook him, and followed me. I be. vieht to his religion.

gan to discourse to them upon several

Subjects, all which they relished fo Having, in our laff, prefinted out well, that some offered me gold and

Readers with two remarkable Leto filver; others, things of equal value, Ners of DIOGENES, the famous and most of them inviced me to Cynick Philosopher, we fall bere F fupper. Keeping, nevertheless, to my insert another from tbe fame, to proleffion of poverty, I refused all Monemus ; telling him some plear but a few neceifaries. Supper, it is fant Adventures of his af Athens. true, I accepted, but that only from

HILST you continue in one, a rich young citizen. When I

Olympia, expecting every came into his dining room, I found day the games thould be celebra. it nicely adorned in every part : ted, I am come to Athens, where IG Even the pavement shone with riches, país my time in another manner. and the walls and cieling likewise Walking the other day about the reflected theirs upon it.

After I Forum, with my cup in my band, had been there for fome time, bav. after my usual custom, and vicwing ing occafion to fpit, I looked round August, 1751.




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about me, and finding no place more the next bowling day, and others proper, Ifpit upon my hoft. Heim- desirous of his interest to accommomediately demanding the reason of date disputes, or of his advice in my proceeding, I told him, he the settlement of their fortunes and ought to blame himself, not me, for the

marriage of their children. since I faw no place besides unadorn- The civilities which we had reed in his whole house, I thought he A ceived were soon to be returned, was the fittest to bestow that ex- and I passed some time with great crement upon.

To which he re. fatisfaction in roving through the plied, You shall hereafter have no country, and viewing the seats, garfuch occasion to find fault with me, dens and plantations, which were and therefore, next day, selling all scattered over it. My pleasure would he had, he became one of our fra. indeed have been greater, had I been ternity. This is what has happen- B fometimes allowed to wander in a ed to me, since I left you at Olympia. park or wilderness alone; but to apFarewel..

pear as the friend of Eugenio was an

honour not to be enjoyed without From the Rambler, July 27.

some inconveniences.

In these rambles of good neighSIR,

bourhood, we frequently passed by AVING been long accustom- a house of unusual magnificence ;

ed to retire annually from the C and one day I enquired of Eugenio, town in the summer months, I late- as we rode by it, why we never, ly accepted the invitation of Eugenio, amongst our excursions, fpent an who has an estate and seat in a dif- hour where there were such an aptant county. As we were unwilling

pearance of splendor and affluence? to travel without improvement, we Eugenio told me that the feat which turned often from the direct road, I so much admired, was commonly, to please ourselves with the view D called in the country the haunted of nature or of art, examined every house, and that no visits were paid wild mountain and medicinal spring, there by any of the gentlemen whom criticised every edifice, contemplated I had yet seen. As the haunts of every ruin, and compared every incorporeal beings are generally scene of action with the narratives of ruinous, neglected, and delolate, I historians. By this succession of easily conceived that there was someamusements we enjoyed the exercise E thing to be explained, and therefore of travelling, without fuffering the told him that I supposed it was only fatigue, and had nothing to regret, fairy ground, and that we might but that by a progress so leisurely venture upon it by day-light without and gentle, we missed the adventures

The danger, says he, is of & poft chaise, the pleasure of indeed only that of appearing to alarming villages with the tumult of solicit the acquaintance of a man,

F our passage, and of disguising our in- with whom it is not possible to consignificancy by the dignity of hurry. verse without infamy, and who has

The firfc week after our arrival driven from him, by his insolence or at Eugenio's house was passed in malignity, every man who can live receiving visits from his neighbours, without him. who crouded about him with all the Our conversation was then acci. eagerness of benevolence; tome im.dentally interrupted, but my inpatient to learn the news of the G quifitive humour being now in mo. court and town, that they might be tion, I did not reft without a full qualified by authencick information

account of this newly discovered proio dictate to the rural politicians on digy, I was soon informed, that the


1751. Character of 'Squire BLUSTER, 363 fine house and spacious gardens were to his own, his oppressions are often borne haunted by 'squire Bluster, of whom it without refiftance for tear of a long suit, of was very easy to learn the character, fince 'which he delights to count the expences, nobody has regard for him fufficient to without the least solicitude about the event ; hinder them from telling whatever they for he knows, that where nothing but an could discover.

honorary righe is contested, the poorer an'Squire Blufter is descended of an ancient tagonit must always fuffer, whiatever Mall family. The estate, which his ancestors A be the last decision of the law. had immemorially poffefred, was much auga By the success of some of these disputes, mented by captain Blufter, who ferved un. he has so elated his insolenice, and by re. der Drake in the reign of Elizabeth; and flection upon the genrral hatred which the Blusters, who were before only petty they have brought upon him, ro irritated gentlemen, have from that time frequently his virulence, that his whole life is spent in represented the shire in parliament, been meditating or executing mischief. It is chosen to present addresses, and given laws his common practice to procure the hedges at hunting.matches and races. They were to be broken in the night, and to demand eminently hospitable and popular, fill the B fatisfaction for the damages, which his father of this gentleman died of a sever, grounds have suffered from his neighbours which he caught in the crowd of an elec- cattle. An old wid yw was yesterday folia tron. His lady died soon after him, and citing Eugenio to enable her to replevin her left the heir, then only ten years old, to the cow then in the prund by 'quire Bluster's care of his grandmother, who would not order, who had rent one of his agents to fuffer him to be controlled, because the take advantage of her calamity, and percould not bear to hear him cry, and never fuade her to sell her, cow at an under rate. sent him to school, because the could not C He has driven a day labourer from his coco live without his company. She taught tage, for gathering blackberries in a hedge him, however, very early to inspect the for his children, and has now an old woAteward's accounts, to dog the butler from man in the county jail for a trespass which the cellar, and to catch the servants at a The committed, by coming into his grounds junket, ro chat he was at the age of 18 a to pick up acorns for her low. compleat master of all the lower arts of Money, in whalever hands, will confer domestick policy ; he had often, in the power. Distress will fly to immediate reroad, detected combinations between the fuge without much confideration of re. coachman and the oftler, and had pro- D mote consequences. Blufter has therofure cured the discharge of 19 maids for illicic a despotick authority in many families, correspondence with cottagers and chare. whom he has assisted on pressing occasions women,

with larger fums than they can eatily repay. By the opportunities of parfimony which The only visits that he makes are to these minority affords, and the probiry of his houses of misfortune, where he enters with guardians had diligently improved, a very

the infolence of absolute command, enjoys large sum was accumulated, and he fouud their terrors, exacts their obedience, riots himself, when he took his affairs into his E at their charge, ard in the height of his own hands, the richest man in the county. joy insults the father with menaces, and It has been long the custom of this family the daughters with obscenity. to celebrate the heir's completion of his He is of late somewhat leis offensive; for 21st year, by an entertainment, at which one of his debtors, after gentle expoftulathe house is thrown open to all that are in. tions, by which he was only irritated to clined to enter it, and the whole province groffer outrage, seized him by the liceve, focks together as to a general festivity. On led him trembling into the court yard, ard this occafion young Bluster exhibited the closed the door upon him in a stormy nigtit. firft tokens of his future eminence, by F He took his usual revenge next morning by shaking his purse at an old gentleman, who a writ, but the debt was discharged by the had been the most intimate friend of his affistance of Eugenio. father, and offering to wager a greater sum

It is his rule to suffer his tenants to owe than he could afford to venture ; a practice, him rent, because by this indulgence, he with which he has at one time or other secures to himself the power of seizure, ' insulted every freeholder within ten miles whenever he has an inclination to amuse round him.

bimself with calamity, and feast his ears His next a&t of offence was exerted in a G with entreaties and lamentations. contentious and spiteful vind.cation of the Such is the life of 'squire Bluiter ; a man privileges of his manors, and a vigorous in whose power fortune has liberally placed and relentless prefecurion of every man the means of hippiness, but who has de. chat presumed to violate his game. As he feated all her gi'ts of their end by the de. happens to have no eftale adjoining equal pravity of his mind. He is wealthy win.

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