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Summary of the last Session of Parliament. Aug.

366 Mr. Murray ; whereupon being admitted, count in what condition he found Mr. he did acquaint Mr. Murray with the or- Murray the night before, with his reasons ders of the house for his removal, but for thinking it improper to have him rethat his physician Dr. Lamond, being pre- moved at that time; and also acquainted the fene, and giving it as his opinion, that it , house, that Mr. Murray did not desire to be might be very improper to remove Mr. removed out of Newgate, unless he could Murray that night, and that it might be have the benefit of the air and exercise, more advisable to defer such removal till A and was dissatisfied with the application next morning, he the raid deputy acquiefced which had been made to that house ; and therein, and accordingly did that morning, that he the said doctor did not then pertogether with Dr. Lamond, agajn attend ceive any symptoms of Mr. Murray's hav. Mr. Murray, and told him that he was ing the goal distemper, but thought him ready to execute the said warrants, but much better than he was the preceding that Mr. Murray then said, that he day, although får from being weli. thought such removal would be of little or Thus we may fee, that as ill as Mr. no service to him, and that as the ap- Murray was, and as necessary as air and plication to the house was without his B exercise was for rentoring him to health, knowledge, he chose, if it could be per. he would not deign to ask the favour of mitted, to remain where he was ; and being admitted to bail, or so much as that he also requested him, the faid deputy, that of being released from Newgate, to inform the house, that he was extremely However, at the forcing him from New. thankful for the favour intended him; and gate into the custody of the ferjeant at that the said D:, Lamond likewise thought, arms might have been attended with scanthat as his sever had left him sooner than he dalous suggellions, in case he had died apprehended, it was the best way not to C while in tlaat cuftody, the house very wisely remove him, as nothing but air and ex- revoked their orders for his removal, and ercise could be of real service to him. ordered, that he Thould remain in the same

And the said deputy being farther ex- cuftody he was in, under the same orders amined, acquainted the house, that he that were sublifting when the revoked or. found, from his conversation with Mr. ders were made ; and thus he remained Murray, that he had been informed of till the end of the session, when he was of the steps which had been taken for the course discharged, as the prorogation put Caid application to the house, and that he


an end to that authority by which he stood expressed great unçafinels thereupon, and committed, used fome words of resentment towards This being the only important affair one of his relations, on account of such that happened last session relating to elecapplication being made, saying, that it was tions, we mall next proceed to give an a mean thing in him to apply to the house account of the two grand committees of fup. without his, the said Mr. Murray's, consent, ply, and ways and means, the former

The minutes of the information given of which was established in the usual man. by Dr. Lamond the preceding day, and his ner, and continued from Jan. 22, 1750-! examination consequent thereupon, were E to May 3, 1751, both inclusive, in which chen read ; and as Dr. Lamond was ac- time the resolutions they came to, which rending at the door, he was called in, and were agreed to by the house, were as being examined, he gave the house an ac- follow, viz. Jan, 23, Resolved,

£ 8. d. That a fupply be granted to his majesty.

Jan. 29, Resolved, 1. That 8000 men be employed for the sea service for 1751.

2. That 41. per man per month be allowed for maintaining them for 33 months, including the ordnance for sea service,

41босо Feb. 5, Resolved, 1. That 18857 effective men, (including 1815 invalids) commission and non-commision officers included, be the land forces employed for 1751.

2. That for defraying the charge of the faid land forces, there be granted

612315 7 11 3. That on account of the reduced officers of the land forces, and marines, there be granted for 1957

64000 4. That for out penfioners of Chelsea - hospital there be granted for 1751, 62567 2

5. That for penfions to the widows of reduced officers, married to them before Dec. 25, 1715, there be granted for 1951

3310 6. That the officers and private gentlemen of the two troops of korse




Summary of the last Session of Parliament.



guards, and regiment of horse reduced ; and to superannuates gentlemen of the four troops of horse-guards, there be granted for 1751

4747 15 10

746940 6 Feb. 11, Resolved, 5. That for maintaining the forces in the plantations, Minorca, and Gibraltar ; and for providing for the garisons in Nova Scotia, Newfound. land, Gibraltar, and Providence, there be granted for the year 1951 136420 18 63 2. That for the pay of the general and fiaff-officers, there be granted


for 1751


252420 18 0 Feb. 14, Resolved, 1. That for the ordinary of the navy, including half-pay to sea-offices, there be granted for the year 175!

390302 710 2. That for Greenwich hospital there be granted,

3. That towards the buildings, rebuildings and repairs of the navy, there be granted for 17;!

140757 4. That for the charge of the office of ordnance for land sesvice, there be granted for 17;1

199150 8 8 5. That for the extraordinary expence of the office of ordnance for land service, not provided for by parliament, there be granted

1699 14 5

551409 10 11 Feb. 19, Resolved, 1. That such part of the respective stocks of old and new S. S. annui. ties, as have not been subscribed, in pursuance of two a&ts passed lact session, for reducing the intereit of annuities, be redeemed and paid off.. 2. That for this purpose there be granted

2325023 7 II Feb. 25, Resolved, 1. That for making good the engagement with the elector of Bavaria pursuant to treaty, there be granted

30000 2. That to replace to the sinking fund the like sum paid out of the same, for a year's interest on the million lent on the salt duties, there be granted, 35000

3. That to make good the deficiency of the additional Itamp duties for 6461 1 1749, there be granted

6461 1 4. That to replace to the sinking fund, to make good the deficiency of the duty on licences for retailing {pirituous liquors at Lady-day 1750, there to be granted

7880 17 1 5. That to replace to the linking fund, to make good the deficiency of tho dury on sweets at Michaelmas 1750, there be granted

12534 2 08 6. That to replace to the finking fund, to make good the addicional duty on wines at Midlummer 1750, there be granted

4392 169 7. That to replace to the finking fund, to make good the deficiency of the duties on glass and spirituous liquors, at Midlummer 1750, there be granted



3 8. That to replace to the finking fund, to make good the deficiency of the rates and duties upon houses, &c. at Michaelmas 1750, there te granted

70097 14 $ 9. That to replace to the finking fund, to make good the deficiency at Michaelmas 1750, of the sublity of poundage on all goods imported fince March 1, 1747, there be granted

42519 13 7

209778 10 March 12, Resolved, 1. That the proposal of the South-sea company be accepted in full discharge of all demands, which the company could or might claim of the king of Spain, on account of the affiento, or annual mip, or on any account whatsoever, over and above the sum of icoocol. paid pursuant ta treaty.

2. That for the charges of Nova Scotia in the year 1759, not provided. for by parliament, there be granted

57531 19 3. That for maintaining the said colony, there be granged for the year 3751

539 27 14


Suminary of the last Sesion of Parliament.

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4. That for the extrao dinary expences of the land forces, and other services incurred in 1750, and not provided for by parliament, there be granted

5. That to make good the deficiency of the grants for the year 1750, there be granted

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April 22, Resolved, 1. That towards paying off leamens wages, there be granted

2. That for supporting the settlements on the coast of Atrica, there be granted

3. That for making a road for the partage of troops and carriages between Carlisle and Newcallk, there be granted

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213oco May 6, Resolved, That one other seaman be allowed, upon the books of every thip of war in sea pay, in every 100 men that their complement thall coprint of, for such time only, as the number of men, employed in the service of the royal navy, mall not exceed 20000 ; and that the produce of the wages of fuch seamen, and the value of their victuals, be given and applied towards the relief of poor widows, of commillion and warrant officers of the royal navy, according to such rules, orders, and regulations, as his majesty hath or mall establith or appoint for that purpose, over and above the one seaman allowed them by an act of the oth of his present majesty's reign. Sum total of grants last session

4939865 10 10 These grants we shall distinguish into such as were, 1. For paying off debts. 2. For making good deficiences, in which we include all fums for replacing to the finking fund, the like fums paid out of the same. 3. For expençes incurred and not provided for. 4. For the service of the current year.

Of the first fort are the 2d resolution of Feb. 19, and the first of April 22, amounting to

2525023 7 IT of the second fort are all the resolutions of Feb. 25, except the firft and the 5th resolution of March 12, amounting to

245575 19 st of the third are the sth refolution of Feb. 14, and the ad and 4th of March 12, amounting to

107267 And iNe remaining relolutions are all of the 4th kind, amounting to 2061998 is 7

4939865 10 11 As the committee of ways and means is generally established, as soon as any particular sums have been granted by the committee of supply, and upon report agreed to by the house ; according.y, on Feb. 5, it was refolved, That the house would next morning resolve itfell into a committee of the whole house, to confider or ways and incans for railing the supply granted to his majesty ; and from that day it was continued by ad. journment to June 5, when it was adjourned to the Friday following, and then dropt. In this time the following resolutions were agreed to in the committee, and upon report approved of by the house, viz.

Feb. 8, Rcfolved, That the duties on malt, &c. should be continued from June 23, 1751, to June 24, 1752, amounting, by the ulual computation, to 700000

Feb. 18, Relolved, 1. That the proposal of the governor, and company of the Bank of England, for advancing the sum of 1,026,4761. 45. od. upon such kerms and conditions as are therein mentioned, be accepted.

2. That the sum of 36. in the pound be raised in 1751, upon lands, &c. amounting, as belore, to


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unig fund

1751. Extracts from a Pamphlet on NAVIGATION. 369

Feb. 21, Resolved, That there be raised hy bottery and annuities, ar the tæe of 31. per cent. per ann. to be charged on the finking fund redeemable by parlia

Feb. 28, Resolved, That his majesty be enabled to borrow a sum not exceeding 225,02 al. 118.7d, ac an interest of 31. per cent. per ann. to be charged on the fink

22 5023 II 7 April 29, Resolved, 1. That there be iffued and applied out of such monies as have arilen or mall or may arise, of the surplusles, exceffes, or cverplus monies, commonly called the finking fund, the fum of

600000 Besides this, there were 17 other resolutions of the committee of ways and means reported this day to the house, relating to spirituous liquors or for continuing expiring laws, in which the revenue was con. cerned ; all of which, except two relating to the Greenland fishery, were this day approved of, and bills or clauses accordingly passed into laws therefore we need not here infert them particularly ; and as to the two resolutions relating to the Greenland fishery, the laws mentioned therein had been continued by an act passed in the 22d of his present majefty.

From these resolu'ions it appears, that, berides the above mentioned fum to be advanced by the Bank, the provisions made by this Teffion, amounted in the whole to

$125023 11 1 So that the provisions made by this 'Tefsion exceeded the grants in the sum of

185938 o For as to the money to be advarced by the Bank, it was only to pay off their own unfub. fcribed annuities, for which they accepted of Exche quer bills at 31 per cent. per ann. therefore it was not neceffary to have it made a resolution of the committee of supply, but only of the committee of ways and means, as a foundation for a bill. These bills the Bank were to circulate, and in pursuance of the above mentioned resolution, a bill was brought in and passed for enabling his majefty to iffue them. And in pursuance of all the other resolutions, bills were brought in, or clauses inserted in bulls brought in, and patied into laws, [To be continued in our next,]

the right, there is no way of setting the As Navigation is of so mueb Consequence to Mhip's wake by a compass, and therefore,

tbts Kingdom, we shall, for ibe Use of our it muft be geefíed at in the best manner Seilors, give fome Exeratis from a Pam. one can : But I thall propose a way, by pblet lately published, intitled, An Exay which it may be known then, as well as towards the Improvement of Naviga- in day-time. Thus, at li me small diftance tion, &c.

from the en lign-staff, and cachi fide of it, He author first confider's' the three


let there be fixed a quadrant of wood, of methods of keeping a ship's reckon- about 18 inches radius, the arch turned ing, viz. plain, middle latitude, and Mer. outwards, one radius placed parallel to cator's (properly Wright's) railing, and the direction of the masts, and the other gives the preference to the lait; buc ob. will be parallel to the beam ; and let the ferves as follows :

plain of each quadrant dip about 20 degrees “ There is another thing, which cannot below the horizon, in such manner, that miss of being ihe source of frequent errors when a lig or any i nall piece of word is in reckonings, and that is, the want of let go aftern' by á log-line, till out of the duly observing and keeping a proper regir- B eddy of the ship's wake, this line may be ter of the lee-way a ship makes: The quan- nearly parallel to the plain of the quadrant; tity of the lee-way (when a ship makes any) let the arch of each' quadrant be divided is altogether as necessary to be known, in into eight equal parts, and wooden pegs order to determine the course me makes fixed in the center, and in each point of good, as is the point at which she capes ; divifion; and each of these parts being suband it is certainly as unreasonable to guess divided into four, may lvave smaller pegs at the lee-way from the faul the hip has a- fixed in their points of divifion ; by this broad, without setting her wake by a com. C means each quadrant will, by the great pars, as it would be to guess at the point pegs, be divided into points of the com. the capes at, without consulting the com. paro, and by the small pegs into quarters pars. It may be perhaps objected, that in of a point, Suppose now, in a dark August, 375!




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night, the Mip makes lee-way, and I tion was observed, this would be one very
want to know how much it is : Imagine' good step towards coming somewhat near
the farboard tacks on board, I go to the finding the longitude from observation, &c."
quadrant on the starboard fide, and hav. And in order to discover the longitude
ing veered a.stern the common length of by observing the eclipses of Jupiter's moons,
a fray line, I make a bight in it, and put he proposes ihus : “A reflecting telescope of
it over a peg I suppose fixed in the center about fix inches, of Mr.Short's making, will
of the quadrant, and teeling whether the line A very distinctly discover Jupiter's moons ;
bears against any of the pegs upon the arch, imagine such a {mall one properly fixed to
if it dnes, I let it at liberty, till it plays something in form of a leathern cap, the
freely between fame (wo of the pegs : Then eye-piece so near the eye as may be most
I reckon (beginning at the end of the arch convenient, and a finder to collimate
toward the right hand) how many spaces nearly with the telescope ; and at such a
between the great pegs till you come to the distance, that when the glass is thrown off
line, for so many are the points of lee way, the object, the other eye by means of the
and if you have any odd smaller spaces, finder may readily bring it back into the
so many quarter points. If the larboard B field of view; and let this cap or head-
tacks are on board , you go to the qua- "piece be so made as to be cafily fastened to
drant on the larboard lide, and proceed ihe observer's head ; then has nature pro-
in every respect as before, only when you vided us with a curious apparatus for the
count the points of lee-way, begin at the management of the telescope, I mean the
end of the arch toward the left hand. The capacity every man in health will find he
reason why the plain of the quadrant must has, of moving his head to a great nicety,
be placed so as to Melve towards the water, so as with his eye, to trace the real or
will appear if we consider, that the stray. C apparent motion of any obje&t.".
line will be in a direction oblique to the * In this manner, says he, one would
horizon, fuppofing the ship upon an even be led to think, shat if the observer
keel; besides the allowance which must could not keep a constant view of the
be made for her heeling to leeward, &c." planet and his moons, he might at least

The author then proceeds to examine the have them in the telescope as often as use of the log, the compass and the qua- the ship came to be a little more Ready, drant, and proposes rome methods for which she will often, as one sea has lost re&tifying the defe&ts of each, for which its effect upon her rolling, till another we must refer our readers to the pamphlet D

meets her. If, in fa&, by this means a itself; and he concludes with some ob. diftin&t fight of the planet and his moons fervations upon that which has proved a can be had once or twice in a minute of fruitless search to many philosophical pro- time, I am well allured, that no man, jectors, the discovering the longitude a ship whole fortune and leifure would incline is in at lea, from observation ; on which him to try the experiment, would have he writes thus : “ But it is certain, that any reason to repent his well intended if the variarion of the compass were ob- labour, &c.” served with great care through the whole E These extracts we have given with the course of most voyages, and these several same view the author wrote, to wit, for variations of the needle properly registered, the improvement of our navigation ; and with the latitude well determined from for the same purpose we must recommend observation, and the longitude as well as the pamphlet itself to the perusal of every could be guessed ai, in which each varia. ingenious failor in the kingdom.

A Question in SURVEYING, N order to survey the triangular


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B, ! 30 poles, and as I was taking the
angle ABC, I observed a remarkable
high tree at I), in the fence AC, which
trilceted the angle ABC; that is, the A D
angle ABD = the angle DBC ; then
I measured along trom B co D, and found BD 60 poles, allo AD 40.
Req'iired che fodes and area of the field ?
Portsmouth, July 9, 1751.



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