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Poetical ESSAYS in AUGUST, 1751. With your frill horns by break of day This thing despis'd was once with genius prepare

fir'd, To roule the subtle fox, or tim'rous hare ; Nay, by the adverse Bentley was admir'd, Orrange for feather'd game the Thady woods; 'Midnt Granta's fons but lately fill'a the Or diaw with your fallacious nets the floods; chair,

[there. And when the sun is in the ocean set, Graceful as when her Whaley's felf was Let (prightly joys your harmless sports Foe to himself alone, his open mind complear,

Embrac'd, and lov'd, and wou'd have serv'd To fome indulgent sylvan maid repair ;

mankind; The sylvan maids are gen'rous as they're But niggard fortune aas by partial rules,

And all her bounties now'r's on knaves When at their feet the suppliant lover lies,

and fools.

{m'ring ray ; They meet his passion with consenting eyes: Once the cou'd smile on him with glim. With gentle smiles his am'rous fighs re- But clouded o'er the evening of his day; ward;

(guard. In life's decline, no healing comfort gave, For truth and innocence are all their But sunk his soul with sorrow to the grave,

Let others fondly pay their court to fame, By hopes too fanguine led, he met the fate And flave to purchale an heroick name ; Of all who seek tho rich, and trust the Let others in triumphant chariots ride,


[liev'd ; And sacrifice their precious peace to pride : He went, he bow'd, he heard, and he be Grant me, ye pow'rs, an humble, rural Was courted, Aatter'd, promis'd, and seal,

deceiv'd. Free from the noise and hurry of the great, Find we then most to picy, or to blame> Where I with pleasure, tho' obscure, may Shall we reward with praise, or brand with dwell ;

Thame? Rich discontent is but a glorious bell.

If livelier parts to venial faults betray,

Must censure' wipe his merits quite away? VERSES ON I bie Deatb of the late Dr. PARNI.

If meagre want, with deep affiction join'd, T length, poor sufforing wretch, thy Subdue the reason, and unhinge the mind, pangs are o'er,

(no more : Shall we, officious, 'every blot reveal, Death seals thy eyes, and thou shalt groan And judge him with uncharitable zeal? No more thall mis'ıy reach thy tortur'a Or kindly weep for nature thus decay'd, breast,

And o'er his failings cast a friendly thade 3 Nor lise's low cares disturb thy settled reft, To future ages bid his virtues bloom, From pride, ambition, envy, malice And bury all his follies in the tomb ? free,


Thou feel no more the gripes of
Nor all the thousand pains of fad mor.

Serpo per argutos hominum impro

visus ocello S. tality. Yet sure, some decent honours to thy shade,

Omnia me vi&is, indigus ipse dab 0. From learning's sons, some tribute might

Me colit agreftis ; folamen regibus

adsu M; be paid.

N In the last office might there not have been

ec non et relevo quos tenet altus

Hyme N. Some added grace to folemnize the scene ? Some f plaintive mufe to deck the empty

V incula discutio ; dum adfum, mi.

rabile di& , bier,

S cit nemo vires victus adeffe mea S. Some pitying friend to drop the tender tear?

CORNELIUS. But foes pursu'd thee to thy latest breath, And malce left thee not a friend in death. Elegy on Mr. Wells, Mafter of be Beare. One eye alone I saw with sorrow flow,

Garden, wbo died in 1921. In artless full fimplicity of woe,

ELT, Oye combatants, in floods The faithful Irustick wept, and only he


(bears ; Reproach'd the crowd for lost humanity, Howl, o ye dogs, and roar ye bulls and Despis'd, unfelt-for, unlamented, lay, Ye butchers weep, for you, no doubt, are In the rude grave, th' inanimated clay :


(and cleavers. And yet this trampled corfe had once a And mourn his lofs with marrow.bones name,

Wells is no more ; yet death has been-ro Once was no ftranger to the voice of fame; kind


To leave his dogs, his bulls and bear's Tbe doftor bad laboured under extreme poverig and ill b-alth for several years. dosler was buried in the college chapel: It is usual, on tbe deatb of any Fellow, to rarry es smpey bier, wiiba pall ever is, round be quadrangle, obe cboir walking before, and all.ebe members of be fociety bebind : Verses on ibe deceased are usually fixed to be pall

, and brown into ibe grave; but ibis ceremony was emitted. I A cenery boy, servers to the defter, wbo sried bilderly during the wbole ceremony of bis intermeri,


ML of tears

+ The


Monthly Chronologer.

N July 27, at York aflizes, a sort of French strolling

doctor, who had taken up 0 his abode, for near lix

months, in a village rot as there began to practise, brought his adion against a farmer for business done for his family, and in court produced the follow. ing bill. 13 Dec. 1750. Mr. W. ALLEN, of Ley. burn, Debror to Mr. TURNER, Surgeon.

da se de To elexir of life

6 To physique

8 0 To universale balsams

To alexitereales medicaments 3 7 6
To echarotiques ditto
To maturetifs ditto

To paregoriques ditto
To abrorbans ditto

4 To araleptiques ditto


6 To patheretiques ditto 6 10 o To incarnatifs ditto

6 11 Ta cataleptiques ditto


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19, to Dec. 8, 1750.

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at Grocers. hall, on that occafior, when hia giace the archbishop of Canterbury, the dord bifhop of Norwich, and many other clergy, and persons of dininction were present, who co: tributed very largely to the promotion of this charity, the collection then made amounting to 12191, 185, besides annual fubícriptions.

At the alizes at Hertford, Thomas Col. ley received sentence of death, for the mur. der of Ruth Olburne, at Tring. I appear. ed on the trial, which lasted several hours, that some of the neighbours thinking this deceased was a witch, and her buiband Jihn Osborne, a w.zard, had it cried at Winslow, Leighton-Buzzard and Hamel Hempstead, on their several market days, that they were to be publickly ducked on Monday, April 22, at Tring : That the overseer of the poor of Tring having heard of this, and believing both the man and his wife to be very honest people, in order to prevent the same, sent them into the work. house : That the master of the work. house hearing on Sunday, April 21, that a number of people would affemble next day in order to duck them, he in the middle of the night removed them into the vestry-room adjoining to the church, he. lieving the fanclity of the place would have some awe upon the mob : That about it on Monday morning, a great mob, thought to be above gooo, came to ihe workhoule, and demanded there poor people, and on his telling them they were not there, they ruhed in and searched the houle, and all the closets, boxes and trunks; and that they were so infatuated, that they searched the very falt-box for them. That there be. ing a little hole in the ceiling, where the plaister was broke, Colley hallowed out, Let's search the ceiling; which they did accordingly, and not finding them, de. clared tirty would pull the house down if they were not delivered to them; and ac. cordingly they pulled down a large wail belonging to the house, and allo pulled cut all the windows and window frames, and threatned to burn down not only the workhouse, but the whole town of Tring, if they were not delivered up: That the master, fearing the consequences, did 20 laft inform them where the two unhapry people were ; upon this they went to the veltsy-room, broke it open, and took then away in mumph.

It further appeared, by the depofion of several wir neftcs, that the man and woman were carried to a pond, Called MarfionBbb


The trial, which was a very diverting one, lasted about three hours ; when the jury gave the doctor fix guineas.

On the 29th, between one and two in the morning, as the post-boy was coming with the Western mail to town, he was, on Blackwater-heath, attacked by a single highwayman, well mounted, who, when he cane up to him, commanded him to Mtand, which he relufing, he presented a pinol, and swore, if he did not comply, he would Moot him; and immediately ordered him to dismount, and then took away 36 bags. He gave the boy two shillings to drink his health, who walking on, in hopes, if not to get the bags, to find his horse, in his way he took up two of them; and go.. ing farther found his horse, on which he mounted, and rode to Bagihot, where he was immediately ordered wiih the two bags to London, to acquaint the post mattergeneral of the affair. The reward for tak. ing the robber, on conviction, is 20c). over and above that given by act of parliament, for apprehending of high waymen.

St. Luke's hospital for lunar cks, near upper Moorfields, was opened on the zoth, for the reception of patients, (see p. 371.) and next day the governors dined together,

August, 1751.

378 The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGE R. Aug. Meer, and separately çied up in two several each, the half barrels at 258. and the quar• cloths or theers : That a rope was tied ter barrels at 188, 6d. so that they miy under the arms of the deceased, and (wo now be afforded cheap. men dragged her into the pond ; and then The aflizes ended this night at Chelmr. standing one on one side the pond and the ford in Effex, when five persons received other on the other, they dragged her quite sentence of death, among whom was cross the pond several times : That after John Ives, a publ can of Colchefer, for this they brought her to the pond fide and the murder of his wife, by the wing her fet her down, and then served the husband down stairs, and beating and bru fing her in the same manner, and so on alternately, in a molt barbarous manner.-In the fore. till the woman being brought the shore noon the grand jury al he said assizes found the 3d time, and lad on the ground, foon a bill of indictment aga nit Juhn Swan expired: That each of the three times and Elizabeth Jefíryes, for he murder of Colley went into the pond, which in mud Mr. Joseph left yes, her uncle, on July 3 and water was not quite a foot and deep, last, at Walthamstow; and about tix in the and with a stick in his hand, turned the evening they were both brought to the deceased over and over, and pushed her bar and arraigned on the said indictment, up and down several times : That when to which they severally pleaded not guilty; he came out of the pond, he went round then the counsel for the crown moved to among the people, and collected money of put off their trial till the next allizes, on them as a reward for the great pains he account of a material witness being kept had taken in Mewing them sport by duck- out of the way; when it was learnedly ing the old witch, as he called the deceased: debated by the gentle nen of the law on That when he was in the pond, one called both fides (the prisoners having four cnunout to him and defired him to come out, sel ;) the court were of opinion, for the and let the woman alone, for if he did reasons mentioned in two affidavits pronot, he would certainly kill her ; but he duced and read on the part of the prose. refused to come out, and said she was a cution, that the same mould be deferred witch, and he would duck her again ; to the next Lent affizes, and the prisoners and that he did after that, turn her over, to remain in custody, without bail, till and pulh her about in the pond several that time. Mils Jeffryes, the piece, times ;

that the id time of ducking her, fainted as soon as she came into court. the last before me expired, he took hold

SUNDAY, 4. of the cloth she was wrapt in, and pulled This day began the change of the mourn. her up and down the pond, till the same ing for his late royal highneis the prince came off, and her body appeared naked; of Wales, according to the orders of the and that then he pushed her on the breast ļord chamberlain, viz. The men to conwith his fick, which the endeavoured with tinue in black, and to wear coloured her left hand to catch hold of, but he (words and buckles,- The ladies to wear pulled it away.-Thus, according to the black filk or velvet, coloured ribbands, sans opinion of the surgeon at the trial, this and tippets, poor woman expired by suffocation with

MONDAY, 5. water and mud. She was in the 70th year This morning, at nine, their royal of her age ; but her husband, aged 56, highnesses the prince of Wales, prince being a lusty Krong man, survived the Edward, and che duke of Cumberland, inhuman treatment of these barbarous mir. went in a barge with the earl of Alcemarle, creants. Several other persons were in- and several other persons of distinction, at. dicted with C lley, two not yet taken, lended by two other of his majesty's barges, and the rest to the jurors unknown ; but with officers and other aliendants, to it is hoped they will soon be discovered and Woolwich, where the matroffes were re. receive the just reward of their crime. (Sce viewed, their colonel marching at their P: 231.)

head, with the chaplain, surgeon, and THURSDAY, Aug. 1.

other persons belonging to the regiment. General Wall, for (me time since pleni. They went thro' their exerciscs with potentiary minifter here from the king of great alacrity; and discharged their cannon Spain, having received freth letters of cre. and small arms in a very regular manner; dence, giving him the character of ambas. and concluded with letting off one piece (ador from his Catholick majesty, had a nine times in a minute; atter which, their private audience of his majesiy, at Ken. royal highnesses repaired to the governor's fington, to present his said credencial letters. house, where they dined and said two FRIDAY, 2.

hours, and upon their return went on Was a sale of the Britisn pickled herrings, board the King George yacht at Greenwich, at Garraway's coffee house ; when the and drank coffee ; and about fix o'clock whole barrels fold, on an average, at 21. 48.

they arrived at the Tower. The colours of


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17512 I be MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. 379 the several vessels they paffed by were dir- dying wrongfully ; upon which Welch played, and their royal, highnesses were Swore a great oath, and said Coleman died Laluted by 21 guns from the Tower-wharf, wrongfuliy, for that Nicholls, Jones, and as also by the cannon from Woolwich, he, were the persons concerned in the the yachts at Greenwich, and the thips in murder for which Coleman (uffered. The the river.

young man to whom he said this bore it THURSDAY, 8.

upon his mind for a year ; but being very One Robert Darby, alias Jones, was uneary about it, at last disclosed the whole taken at Graveler d, as he was endeavour- conversation, upon which the criminals ing to get a paslage to France, on suspicion were apprehended. of his being the person who robbed the The same day a most shocking and unWestern-mail on July 29 laft. (See po natural act was committed at Henley upon 377.) On Saturday he was brought to town, Thames on Mr. Blandy, an attorney, and examine i at Pont c's by Mr. alderman gentleman of a good estate and great chaRawlinson, who committed him to the racter in his profession, by his only daughPoultry-counter for further examination. ter, whose inclinations he opposed, with His wife was with him, and she was com- respect to her keeping company with a mitted to Woodstreet.counter. On Monday Scots officer, said to be nearly related to he was brought to the general poft office, two noblemen of that country, in revenge and examined at the board, where were of which, and in order to be her own mirpresent Mr alderman Winterbottom and Mr. tress, me perpetrated the unnatural crime alderman Rawlinson, and after some time of parricide, by poisoning her own father, he was remanded back to the Counter for as it is said, in the following manner; further examination, the poft-boy not being water-gruel being his customary breakfast, positive to his person or dress. But the The put some poison into it ; he drank only next day he was examined again, and part of it, saying to the maid it had an committed to Newgate ; but his wife was odd raste, and the maid not imagining any discharged.

Wicked design, drank it up; but in a mort FRIDAY, 9.

time both of them found it to be poison, The parliament, which stood prorogued and immediately sent to an apothecary, to the 13th instant, was ordered to be tur. who fent them something to prevent any ther prorogued to O&. 15.

bad effect ; but the cruel daughter found MONDAY, 12.

means to put some more poison in that This night, between 11 and 12, a fire which the gentleman was to take, which broke out in a warehouse at Cox and Cot- soon killed him. 'Twas said the officer ton's wharf, near the Bridge-yard, South- had a wife in Scotland, which was the rea. wark, which burnt with great violence son of Mr. Blandy's forbidding his addrefres for several hours, and consumed two to his daughter. But the circumstances of dwelling-houses, and several warehouses this horrid affair must be left to time to dir. with goods therein to a considerable value. cover. The Aames communicated to the shipping,

THURSDAY, 15. fome of which received great damage in The worshipful company of stationers their rigging, &c. others, by nipping their held their annual venison feast at their hall anchors, escaped.

near Pater-nofter-row. Their entertain. TUESDAY, 13.

ment was closed with dishes of British Thomas Jones and James Welch were pickled herrings, which gave great satisface committed to the New Goal, Southwark, tion. On the occasion Mr. Leveridge sung charged on oath before justice Clark, on a long in praise of the British fishery, to a an information taken in writing of one molt jovial chorus of, a fishing we will go's Nicholls, a carman and accomplice, with &c. accompanied with inttruments. forcing from him the person of Sarah

TUESDAY, 20. Green, on July 23d. 1748, in the evening, This morning, at the aflizes at Kingston, in a place called Parson's-walk, near New- came on the trials of Thomas Jones, a ington church-yard, in Surrey, and then porter, and James Welch, a hackney wrie and there afsaulting, wounding and ill- ter, on the evidence of James Nicholls, a treating her, of which wounds the died in carman, an accomplice, for the murder of St. Thomas's hospital. This was the in- Sarah Green, near Newington, in July, human murder Mr. Richard Colemin, the 1748, for which murder Mr. Richard Cole. brewer's clerk, suffered for, who left the man unhappily suffered. There were the world declaring his innocence in the most greatest number of persons at the trial evet folemn manner, (see Mag, for 1749, po known on such an occasion, all expressing 142, 19.) This black and shocking affair their abhorrence and deteftation of lo came out by an accidental conversation an shocking a crime. In the course of Nin atquaintance had with Welch about persons cholls's evidence he opened (ush a scene



July 26.


The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. Aug. of cruelty, as drew tears almost from the der of Ruth Osborne, the supposed witch, whole court, and Mr. justice Burnet gave for which I am now so deservedly to suffer a most moving charge to the jury, who, death. without hesitation, brought them in guilty. I am fully convinced of my former error, Seven more were convicted and condemned and with the fincerity of a dying man, deat the said aflizes for different crimes. clare, that I do not believe there is such a Welch and Jones are to be hanged in chains thing in being as a witch ; and pray God, immediately after their execution. Of that none of you, thro’a contrary perluawhich we shall give an account in our next, fion, may hereafter be induced to think, together with Coleman's folemn declara- that you have a right in any shape to pertion of his innocence.)

fecute, much less endanger the life of a SATURDAY, 24.

fellow-creature. This day Thomas Colley, for the cruel I beg of you all to pray to God to forgive murder of Ruth Osborne, on supposition me, and to wash clean my polluted soul in of her being a witch, was executed at the blood of Jesus Chrift, my Saviour and Gubblecut - cross, near Marlston - green, Redeemer. in the parish of Tring, in Hertfordshire. So exhorteth you all, the dying About 10 on Friday morning he received

'Thomas College the sacrament at Hertiord, administered to him by the Rev. Mr. Edward Bouchier,

MARRIAGES and BIRTHS. when he figned a solemn declaration of his

Hristopher Metcalf, of Tot. belief relating to witchcraft ; which he defired might be carried to the place of Clegg, of the same place, a 30,00ol, for. of execution, and was there publickly read, tune. at his carnest request, just before he was 27. Capt. Baker, commander of the turned off, by the Rev. Mr. Randal, mi- Stafford Indiaman, to Miss Small, daughnister of Tring, who attended him in his ter of the lieut, governor of St. Helena. last moments. He was escorted by 108 28. Francis Wharton, of Lengdon, in men belonging to the regiment of horre Worcestershire, Esq; to Miss Dennis, only blue, with their officers, and two trumpets; daughter of capt. Dennis. and the procession was low, solemn, and Charles Burgoine, of Oxfordshire, Esq; moving. Friday night he was lodged in to Miss Henrietta Smallbrooke. St. Alban's goal; and at five the next 29. Valentine Nevill, Esq; counsellor at morning was put into a one-horse chaile, law, of Gray's. Inn, to Mrs. Wellbee, a with the executioner, and came to the widow lady, of 20,000l. fortune. place of execution about eleven, and after Aug. 8. Henry Toye Bridgman, of half an hour (pent in prayer he was exe- Pincknah, in Gloucestershire, Esq; to cuted, and immediately after hung up in Miss Floyer. chains on the same gibbet he was hanged Mr. Glegg, only son and surviving heir on. The infatuation of most of the peo. of Mr. Giegg, late an eminent banker in ple in that part of the county was such, Lombard - ftreet, to Miss Cartwright, of that they would not be seen near the place Lad. Lane. of execution, infilling that it was a hard 9. George Hawkins, Esq; of Alltree, in cafe to hang a man for destroying an old Middlesex, to Miss Margaretta Baiker, of woman that had done much damage by

Great Ruffel-ftreet. her witchcraft. It was raid, he was to 10 Capt. Macdonald, to Miss Debordes, have been executed a week sooner, but of Chelsea. when the proper officers came to con. 13. Sir William Maynard, Bart. to Miss vey him from the goal, a prodigious mob Charloste Bihop, second daughter of Sir ailembled, and would not suffer him to be Cecil Bishop, Bart. and niece of the Rt. taken out of prison.

Hon. the lord viscount Falmouth.

Richard Adams, Esq; recorder of the His Declaration, abspie- mentioned, was as

city of London, to Miss Molinier, daugh. follou s. Good people,

ter of John Molinier, of Putney, Esq;

15. Sir Archibald Grant, of Monimusk,

Bart. to Miss Callendar, a 30,000l, fortune. an unhappy man's suffering ; that you Hon. William Egerton, Esq; son of the be not deluded into lo absurd and wicked

Jate lord bilhop of Hereford, to Miss Mary a conceit, as to believe that there are any Kirke. such beings upon earth as witches.

20. Mr. James Townlend, an eminent It was that foolish and vain imagination, wholefale grocer in St. John-freet, to heightened and unfamed by the strength Miss Deborah Waring. They were mara of liquor, which prompted me to be in.

ried at the Quakers-meeting at Alton, in frumen'al (with others as mad brained as Hants. oyrelf) in the horrid and barbarouo mur.


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