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416

C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.
A Y.

Courts of conscience recommended

Letter of Mr. secretary Coke, in the

Abuses in the practice of the law 417

British fovereignty of the seas .387 Pleasant story of Mr. Robertson, of Killa
A remarkable account of a dwarf, with muck

ibid.
his weight and measurement

A method proposed for erecting courts of

Method of gathering manna near Naples conscience

389 Law proceedings regulated by foreign princes

A description of Wiltshire

ibid. F.

419

Salisbury and the boroughs described 390, Extract of a letter from Nova Scotia ibid.

391

F.

The other market towns 391, 392 POETRY. A song in the sacrifice of Iphi-

A particular description of Stonehenge 392 genia, set to musick

420

A.

A country dance

421

The JOURNAL of a learned and political On a young lady's admiring herself in a

CLUB, &c. continued

393-402 glass

ibid.

DEBATE on a question relating to the high- On seeing a picture of the celebrated Miss

bailiff of Westminster, and the West.

G-on-8

ibid,

minster election

ibid. To the Rev. Mr. - in N-shire ibid.

Speech of T. Sempronius Gracchus against To a successful rival

422

the question

393 A song, on Mrs. M-W-ff-n's visie
SPEECH of P. Curiatius in favour of it 394 to Ireland

ibid,

SPEECH of C. Livius Salinator against it 396 On the much admired Miss Jenny Low,

SPEECH of Cn. Fulvius in favour of it 399 a celebrated beauty

423

Speech of L. Lucretius Flavus against it Beauty, an ode, address'd to a lady, ibid.

400 Reflections on the uncertainty of all sub-
A proper answer to Urban's reflection in

lunary enjoyments

ibid.

relation to the speeches in the political Epitaph on Gilbert Wamesey, Esq; 424

club

An epiftle to a pupil in fickness ibid,

A letter from a nobleman to his son, ex- On Belinda, a quondam toast ibid.

posing the false man of pleasure, and de. The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER

425

fcribing the true one

403 A new burning mountain in Savoy ibid.

Pernicious tendency and effects of gaming Earthquakes in Italy

ibid.

4.04

Purport of a French memorial in relation

An abuse in relation to holy orders censured to the island of St. Lucia

ibid.

405 A remarkable trial concerning the postage

That different callings require different pur- of a letter

426

ruits

406 Quarentine enjoined

ibid.

A fine passage from the son of Sirach ibid. Sale of British pickled herrings ibid.

Remarkable cale of a younger brother, Account of the execution of Welch and

from the Rambler

407 Jones for the murder of Sarah Green

The man of sense under disappointment 408

ibid.

The power of riches

409 Mr. Coleman's declaration of his innocence

A letter from Diogenes the cynick to the

ibid.

Grecians, being a severe satire upon them A fire

427

ibid. E. Sessions at the Old Bailey

ibid.

A summary of the most important affairs Remarkable instance of a criminal's refu.

in the last session of parliament, con. fing a reprieve for transportation ibid.

tinued

410-414

General court of the Bank

ibid.

Debates on some of the resolutions of the Sheriffs sworn in, and lord mayor elected

committees of supply and ways and

428

means

410, 411

Marriages and births

ibid.

of the mutiny bill

411 Deaths

ibid,

History of the regency bill

ibid. &c.

Ecclefiaftical preferments

429

His majesty's melTage to both houses, which Promotions civil and military ibid.

give occasion to it

ibid. F. New Irish honours

ibid.

The address of both houses thereupon 412 Persons declared bankrupts

ibid.

Progress of the bill

412, 413 Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weather

Of the naturalization bill

413

430

An historical account oi commerce 414 Monthly bill of mortality

ibid.

Letter to a member of parliament, con- FOREIGN AFFAIRS

431

taining observations on the law

415 Catalogue of books

432

We are greatly obliged to our good correspondene Ruricola, are sorry bis pieces came tos lale

for ibis monib, but fhall give ibem a place in our next.-Tbé verses figned Crito, several orber

preces in prose as well as verse, and some morbematical queftions we bave recoite!, pell bude a

que regard paid to bem ibi forf opportunity.

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In ibe GENERAL ADVERTISER, of Sept. Mare Clausum t ; not so much by discourses,

21, was published a Letter, writ by Secre- as by the louder language of a powerful
tary Coke lo Sir William Boswell, Resident navy ; to be better understood, when
from King Charles I. torbe States General: overstrained patience seeth no hope of pre-
And as it abounds with mucb good Sense, serving her right by other means.
is writ wieb a truly gallone Britin Spirit, The degrees by which his majesty's
and clearly points out obe Manner bow we dominions at sea, have, of latter years,
came to lose the numberless Benefits arising A been first impeached, and then questioned,
from our Fisheries, who ibey were rbai be. are as confiderable as notorious.
reaved us of those Pelifrons, and obe only First: To cherith, and as it were to
Merbod for us to regain obem, and conse- nourish up our unthankful neighbours, we
quently must be agreeable to every true Briton; gave them leave, to gather wealth and
we bave i berefore rbougbe for to give it our ftrength upon our coasts, in our ports, by
Readers, as follows,

our trade, and by our people. Then they

were glad to invite our merchants residence, SIR,

with what privileges they would defire. Y your letters, and other. B Then they offered to fus, even the sove

wise, I perceive many reignty of their eftates ; and then they sued B

jealousies and discourses for licence to fish upon the coafts, and obare raised, upon the pre- tained it under the great seal of Scotland, parations of his majesty's which now they suppress. And when Aeet, which is now in thus, by leave or by connivance, they had

such forwardness, that we poffeffed themselves of our fishings, not only doubt not but within this month it will in Scotland, but in Ireland and England, appear at sea. It is therefore expedient C and by our staple had raised a great stock of both for your satisfaction and direction, to trade; hy these means they so increased inform you particularly what was the oc- their mipping and power at sea, that now cafion, and what is his majesty's intention they endure not to be kept at any distance. in this work.

Nay, they are grown to that confidence, First : We hold it a principle not to be to keep guards upon our seas ; and then to denied, that the king of Great Britain is project an office and company of assurance, a monarch at land and sea, to the full ex. for ihe advancement of trade: And, withal, tent of his dominions ; and that it con- prohibit us free commerce even within cerneth him as much, to maintain his D our reas; and take our ships and goods, sovereignty in all the British seas, as within if we conform not to their placarts. What his three kingdoms : Because, without that, insolence and cruelties they have committed these cannot be kept safe ; nor he preserve against us heretofore, in Iceland, in Green. his honour and due respect with other Jand, and in the Indies, is too well known nations. But commanding the seas, he to all the world. In all which, tho' our may cause his neighbours, and all countries, sufferings, and their wrong, may seem to stand upon their guard whenfoever he forgotten ; yet the great intereit of his thinks fit. And this cannot be doubted, e majesty's 'honour is fill the same, and that whosoever will incroach upon him by will refresh their memories as there shall sea, will do it by land also, when they see be a cause. For, tho' charity must remit their time. To such presumption Mare wrongs done to private men ; yet, the Liberum

gave the first warning-piece, reflection upon the publick, may make it which must be answered with a defence of a greater charity to do justice on crying September, 1751.

Сcc2
A book written by the great Grotius under this tick. A treatise written by our famous
Selden, in answer to ibe former.

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crimes.

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388

A remarkable Letter of Secretary COKE. Sept. crimes. All this notwithstanding, you are there to offer violence, or take prizes or not to conceive, that the whole work of booties ; or to give interruption to any this fleet, is either revenge or execution of lawful intercourse. In a word, his majuitice, for these great offences paft ; but jesty is resolved, as to do no wrong, so to chiefly, for the future, to ftop the violent do justice both to his subjects and friends, current of that presumption, whereby the within the limits of his feas. And this is men of war, and freebooters of all nations, the real and royal design of this fleet, (abusing the favour of his majesty's peace- A whereof you may give part as you find able and gracious government, whereby occasion, to our good neighbours in those he hath permitted all his friends and allies parts; that no umbrage may be taken of to make use of his seas and ports in a rea- any hostile act or purpose, to their presonable and free manner, and according to judice, in any kind. So wishing you all his treaties) have taken upon them the health and happine!s, I reft boldness, not only to come confidently,

Your aisured friend and servant, at all times, into all his poits and rivers ; Whitehall, 16 April, but to convey their merchant ships as high 363 i, our Stile.

Јонн Соки, as his chief city; and then to cart anchor B

Tbe ediror of this letter in tbe GENERAL close opon his magazines ; and to con. ADVERTISER, concludes tbus : femn the commands of his officers, when Sir William Monson, in his admirable they required a farther distance. But, Naval Tra&s, observes, that whilst the which is more intolerable, bayc assaulted feet of 1635 was preparing, many idle, and taken one another, within his majesty's factious, and scandalous reports were chamber, and within his rivers, to the spread, to persuade the people, that those scorn and contempt of his dominion and

prepa, ations were only an artifice of ftare, power. And this being, of late years, an C to extort money from the subject. But it ordinary practice, when we have endea.

is not my design, to apologize for the numvoured in vain, to reform, by the ways of berless grievous errors committed under justice and treaties; the world, I think, Charles I. nor to ftir up our nation against will now be satisfied, that we have reason the Dutch, who ought not to be branded to look about us. And no wise man will for the injustice of their forefathers ; and doubt, that it is high time to put ourselves with whom, I hope, we shall ever live in in this equipage upon the seas, and not to amity. My only view is, to turn the eyes fuffer that stage of action to be taken from

D us for want of our appearance.

of my countrymen to their most essential

Intereft ; and if it has that falutary effect, So you see the general ground upon my end will be fully answered. which our counsel ftands. In particular, you may take notice, and publish as cause An Account of a Dwarf, in a Letter from Mr. requires, that his majesty, by this feet, William Arderon, F.R.S. to Mr. Henry intended not a rupture with any prince or

Baker, F. R. S. Taken from No. 495 of state, nor to infringe any point of his obe Philosophical Transactions, juf pube treaties

3

but, resolveth to continue and lifhed. maintain that happy peace, wherewith E

Norwich, May 12, 1750. God hath blessed his kingdom ; and to which all his a&ions and negotiations have Twitshall, in Norfolk, in the year hitherto tended, as by your own instruce 1728, and has been shewn in this city for tions you may fully understand. But withal some weeks past. I weighed him myself, considering, that peace must be maintained

April 3, 1750, and his weight, with all by the arm of power, which only keeps his cloaths, was no more than 34 pounds. down war, by keeping up dominion : His 1 likewise carefully measured him, and majesty thus provoked, finds it necessary, found his height, with his hat, shoes, and even for his own desence and safety, to re: F wig on, to be 38 inches. His limbs are affume and keep his ancient and undoubted no bigger than a child of 3 or 4 four years right in the deminion of these scas; and to old : His body is perfe&tly Arait : The luffer no other prince or state to incroach lineaments of his face answerable to his upon him ; thereby assuming to themselves, age ; and his brow has some wrinkles in or their admirals, any fovereign command; it, when he looks attentively at any thing. but to force them to perfo: m homage to He has a good complexion, is of a (prightly his admiral and mips ; and to pay them temper, discourses readily and pertinentiy, acknowledyments, as in former times they considering his education, and reads and did. He will also set open and protect the writes English well. His speech is a little free trade both of his subjects and allies ; hollow, tho' not disagreeable ; he can fing and give them ruch sale condud and coro. tolerably, and amules the company that voy, as they shall reasonably require. He come to see him, with mimicicing a cock's will suffer no other fiets, or men of war, crowing, which he imitates very exactly. to keep any guard upon these seas ; or

2

Extraets from the Philosophical Transactions.

21

}

1751.

389 In 1744, he was 36 inches high, and pice, of 8 or 10 years growih, from which weighed 27 pounds and an half. His fa. they collect manna. It seemed to have ther says, when about a year old, he was been tapped two years for ihat purpose ; as large as children of that age usually are, the branches had been barked each year but grew very little and Nowly alterwards. about an inch broad, and two feet high ;

A child of 3 years and not quite 9 but ihey told me this was done by an inch months old, son of the late very worthy at a time, William Jones, Erq; F. R. S. was mea- A They place a cup at the bottom of the Sured and weighed, in order to make a wound, which they empty every five days. comparison between this little man and This liquor becomes manna. They forhim. This boy, tho' very lively and hand. merly let it dry upon the trees, but the fome, is no way remarkable for his fize ; present way keeps it cleaner. The manna and therefore his dimenlions and weight, begins to run (they say, in the scripture stile, compared with the dwarf's, may give a to rain) the beginning of August ; and if tolerable idea of the real smallness of the the season proves dry, they gather it 5 or 6 dwarf.

weeks. The king of Naples has ro large The weight of the dwarf, with all his

B

a revenue from it, that he is extremely cloaths on, was no more than 34 pounds. jealous of it ; during the season guards the

The child's weight, with its cloaths woods by sbirri, who even fire upon peolikewise on, was 36 pounds.

ple that come into them ; and he makes The height of the dwarf, with his shoes, the fealing of the i quor death. The real hat, and wig on, was 38 5-10 inches. son in which I was at Arienzo prevented

The height of the child, without any my seeing the species of arh. I believe ic thing on his head, 37 7-10 inches.

to be what our gardeners call the flowerDwarf. Child., C ing alh ; the complexion of the bark and

Inches. Inches. bud agrees with one of them I have in my Round the waist

20 5-10

garden at Lindley. The man who shewed Round the neck

9

97-10 me the wood, told me, it bore a pretty Round the calf of the

8

flower in the spring.–At Pisa in the phyleg

9

fick-garden, they thewed me that tree in Round the ancle 6

6

bloom as the manna-ash. The tree is in. Round the wrist

4

4 3-10 deed common enough in that neighbour. Length of the arm,

hood : I wonder Mr. Ray does not men. viz.from the shoul.

13

D

tion it among the plants found there by der to the wrist

him. The Italians call it or no. A bota. From the elbow to

nift at Rome told me, it was the orpus the end of the mid.

officinarum. A physician at Benevento to die finger

the same purpose, that it was the ornus From the wrist to the

used in medicine. A person is gone from end of the middle 4

4

Rome to Naples, who has promised to be finger

very particular in getting you information From the knee to the

10 4-10

E of their manner of curing it. He was bottom of the heel

bred a chemift, and told me many ways of Length of the foot

6

counterfeiting the several appearances of it, with the shoe on

The most common is with Glauber's salts Length of the face 6

6 1-10

and sugar, with a small mixture of manna. Breadth of the face 5

4 8-10

The price of manna at Naples, they told Length of the nose I 2-10 I 2-10 me, was 4 carlins (4 d. sterling each) the Width of the mouth I 8-10 1 8-10 rotolo (32 ounces.) Breadth of the hand 2 5-10 As the measures of the dwarf were taken

F A Description of WILTSHIRE. To with his cloaths on, those of the child were

whicb is annexed a new and correet Map.

ILTSHIRE bas Somersetshire ing a tight stay and petticoat) probably fit closer to his body, and therefore make less the north and north-west, Dorsethire and difference in the measuring round his waist, part of Hampshire on the south, and Berk(the only dimension wherein it could have Thire and Hampshire on the east. Its any effect) than the looler coat or waistcoat greatest length from north to south is 45 of the dwarf.

G miles, its greatest breadth from east to west

37 miles, and it is about 150 in circumfe. Part of a Letter from Robert More, Esq; to rence. contains about 876000 acres,

Mr. W. Watson, F.R.S. concerning ibe and 27100 houses, and is divided into 29 Melbod of garbering Manna near Naples. hundreds ; in which are one city, 15 boT Arienzo, a town between Naples roughs, 9 other market-towns, and 904

parishes,

15

10 4-10

10

10 7-10

64-10

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taken over his cioaths; and they (bei W 'n the welt, Gloucefterthire on

A ath

A Description of WILTSHIR E. Sept.

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390
parishes. It sends 34 members to parlia. K. Henry III. being present. It is said to
ment, viz. two for the county, two for have as many gates or doors as months
the city, and two for each of the 15 bo. in the year, as many windows as weeks,
roughs respectively. The present knights and as many pillars and pilasters as days
of the Thire, or representatives for the in the year. It has a lofty ftceple, 410
county, are Sir Robert Long, Bart. and feet high, which proudiy Thews itself at a
Edward Popham, Eq; Some derive the great distance. On the south fide of the
name of this county from Wilton, once its A church is the cloister, as large, and of as
capital, or from the river Willy, on which fine workmanship, as any in England ;
that town ftands. Its chief rivers are the and the bishop has a stately palace adjoin-
llis, Kennet, Willy, Mader, and the two ing to the cloister. Here is a library built
Avons. It enjoys a moft sweet and health. and furnished by the famous bishop Jewel,
ful air, and affords a very agreeable pro. a chapter-house of a large o&togonal fi.
fpect by its pleasant variety. The northern gure, supported only by a small marble
part, called North-Wiltfire, once over- pillar in the middle, and a college built
fpread with woods, is full of delightful and endowed by bishop Seth Ward for 10
a cents, and watered with pleasant clear B ministers widows. The city is very spa.
ftreams. Its southern parts are more even, cious, has one of the best market places
and exceeding fertile in corn and grass, in England, in which is the town-house,
feeding great flocks of meep. But the and every street is supplied with a ftream
middle part is the most plain and level of of water. It is governed by a mayor,
all, bearing the name of Salisbury-Plain, high-fteward, recorder, deputy.recorder,
reckoned the finest in Europe : Of this 24 aldermen, and 30 common.council
county it is commonly said, that if an ox men ; and its present representatives in par-
were left to his choice, he would chuse the C fiament are the Hon. William Bouverie and
north part, and if a Meep were left to his, Edward Poore, Erars. Its chief manufactures
he would chuse the south, and that men are fine flannels and long cloths, called
would chuse to live betwixt both, that they Salisbury Whites ; it has markers on Tuel.
might share in the pleasures of the Plain, days and Saturdays, and gives title of earl
and the wealth of the good foil. It lies in to the family of Cecil. (See a View of
the diocese of Salisbury, and drives a very this city in our Mag for November, 1749.)
great trade in fine broad cloth, in which The boroughs are, 1. Old Sarum, about
no county exceeds it. The river Isis is 2 miles N. of New Sarum, or Salisbury,
also called the Thames ; and indeed Dr. D the remains of the old city, castle, walls,
Gibson, in his notes on Camden, cakes &c. now reduced to a mean village, and it
notice of a vulgar error, as if the Thames is said there is but one farm-house left ;
had its name from a conjunction of the and yet it continues to send members to
Thame and Ilis, and proves by ancient parliament, chosen by 10 electors, who
historians and records, that the name Ifis have lands adjoining to it, and are stiled
feldom occurs in any charter or ancient burgesses and frecholders. The only mem.
history ; and that it is called Thames or ber at present is the earl of Middlesex,
Tems, long before it comes near Thame. E Paul Joddrel, Esq; the other member, dy-
However, it is certain, that the famous ing lince the prorogation of the parlia.
river Thames has its origin from the Ifis. ment.
In describing the places of note in this 2. Wilton, about 3 miles W. of Old Sa.
county, we shall begin with the city, viz. rum, formerly the chief town of the
Salisbury, commonly called New Sarum,

county, but now of litele note, tho' it has
which grew considerable upon the removal a small market on Wednesdays, and is the
of the inhabitants from Old Sarum, the place where the ther ff keeps his court,
ancient Sorbiodunum, for want of water, and the knights of the thire are elected.
and its being too much exposed to winds F It is a borough by prescription, and sends
by its ftuation on a great eminence. Sa- two members to pailiament, who at pre-
lisbury is 70 computed, and 84 measured rent are Robert Herbert and William Her.
miles west from London, and is reckoned bert, Esqrs. The decay of this town was
the second city in this part of England. It chiefly occasioned by the bishop of Sa.
is pleasantly situated in a vale on the river lifbury's turning from it the road into the
Avon, is populous, adorned with fair and western counties, The earl of Pembroke
large buildings, and has 3 parish churches, has a stately house built from the ruins of
besides the cathedral, which is a wonder-G the abbey.
ful structure, Arong. built, with double 3. Hindon, about 17 miles N. W. of
cross ifles, and has such a venerable gran- Wilton, a small but pleasant, borough
deur, as amazes spectators. It was first

town, encompared with fine downs. Its begun by Richard Poore their bishop, in markes is on Thursdays, and it sends 2 1220, was near 40 years in building, and

members to parliament, who al present dedicated to the Virgin Mary in 1258,

are

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