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T E T
C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.
Courts of conscience recommended
British fovereignty of the seas .387 Pleasant story of Mr. Robertson, of Killa
A method proposed for erecting courts of
ibid. To the Rev. Mr. - in N-shire ibid.
393 A song, on Mrs. M-W-ff-n's visie
Speech of L. Lucretius Flavus against it Beauty, an ode, address'd to a lady, ibid.
400 Reflections on the uncertainty of all sub-
fcribing the true one
403 A new burning mountain in Savoy ibid.
Progress of the bill
412, 413 Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weather
In ibe GENERAL ADVERTISER, of Sept. Mare Clausum t ; not so much by discourses,
21, was published a Letter, writ by Secre- as by the louder language of a powerful
our trade, and by our people. Then they
were glad to invite our merchants residence, SIR,
with what privileges they would defire. Y your letters, and other. B Then they offered to fus, even the sove
wise, I perceive many reignty of their eftates ; and then they sued B
jealousies and discourses for licence to fish upon the coafts, and obare raised, upon the pre- tained it under the great seal of Scotland, parations of his majesty's which now they suppress. And when Aeet, which is now in thus, by leave or by connivance, they had
such forwardness, that we poffeffed themselves of our fishings, not only doubt not but within this month it will in Scotland, but in Ireland and England, appear at sea. It is therefore expedient C and by our staple had raised a great stock of both for your satisfaction and direction, to trade; hy these means they so increased inform you particularly what was the oc- their mipping and power at sea, that now cafion, and what is his majesty's intention they endure not to be kept at any distance. in this work.
Nay, they are grown to that confidence, First : We hold it a principle not to be to keep guards upon our seas ; and then to denied, that the king of Great Britain is project an office and company of assurance, a monarch at land and sea, to the full ex. for ihe advancement of trade: And, withal, tent of his dominions ; and that it con- prohibit us free commerce even within cerneth him as much, to maintain his D our reas; and take our ships and goods, sovereignty in all the British seas, as within if we conform not to their placarts. What his three kingdoms : Because, without that, insolence and cruelties they have committed these cannot be kept safe ; nor he preserve against us heretofore, in Iceland, in Green. his honour and due respect with other Jand, and in the Indies, is too well known nations. But commanding the seas, he to all the world. In all which, tho' our may cause his neighbours, and all countries, sufferings, and their wrong, may seem to stand upon their guard whenfoever he forgotten ; yet the great intereit of his thinks fit. And this cannot be doubted, e majesty's 'honour is fill the same, and that whosoever will incroach upon him by will refresh their memories as there shall sea, will do it by land also, when they see be a cause. For, tho' charity must remit their time. To such presumption Mare wrongs done to private men ; yet, the Liberum •
gave the first warning-piece, reflection upon the publick, may make it which must be answered with a defence of a greater charity to do justice on crying September, 1751.
A remarkable Letter of Secretary COKE. Sept. crimes. All this notwithstanding, you are there to offer violence, or take prizes or not to conceive, that the whole work of booties ; or to give interruption to any this fleet, is either revenge or execution of lawful intercourse. In a word, his majuitice, for these great offences paft ; but jesty is resolved, as to do no wrong, so to chiefly, for the future, to ftop the violent do justice both to his subjects and friends, current of that presumption, whereby the within the limits of his feas. And this is men of war, and freebooters of all nations, the real and royal design of this fleet, (abusing the favour of his majesty's peace- A whereof you may give part as you find able and gracious government, whereby occasion, to our good neighbours in those he hath permitted all his friends and allies parts; that no umbrage may be taken of to make use of his seas and ports in a rea- any hostile act or purpose, to their presonable and free manner, and according to judice, in any kind. So wishing you all his treaties) have taken upon them the health and happine!s, I reft boldness, not only to come confidently,
Your aisured friend and servant, at all times, into all his poits and rivers ; Whitehall, 16 April, but to convey their merchant ships as high 363 i, our Stile.
Јонн Соки, as his chief city; and then to cart anchor B
Tbe ediror of this letter in tbe GENERAL close opon his magazines ; and to con. ADVERTISER, concludes tbus : femn the commands of his officers, when Sir William Monson, in his admirable they required a farther distance. But, Naval Tra&s, observes, that whilst the which is more intolerable, bayc assaulted feet of 1635 was preparing, many idle, and taken one another, within his majesty's factious, and scandalous reports were chamber, and within his rivers, to the spread, to persuade the people, that those scorn and contempt of his dominion and
prepa, ations were only an artifice of ftare, power. And this being, of late years, an C to extort money from the subject. But it ordinary practice, when we have endea.
is not my design, to apologize for the numvoured in vain, to reform, by the ways of berless grievous errors committed under justice and treaties; the world, I think, Charles I. nor to ftir up our nation against will now be satisfied, that we have reason the Dutch, who ought not to be branded to look about us. And no wise man will for the injustice of their forefathers ; and doubt, that it is high time to put ourselves with whom, I hope, we shall ever live in in this equipage upon the seas, and not to amity. My only view is, to turn the eyes fuffer that stage of action to be taken from
D us for want of our appearance.
of my countrymen to their most essential
Intereft ; and if it has that falutary effect, So you see the general ground upon my end will be fully answered. which our counsel ftands. In particular, you may take notice, and publish as cause An Account of a Dwarf, in a Letter from Mr. requires, that his majesty, by this feet, William Arderon, F.R.S. to Mr. Henry intended not a rupture with any prince or
Baker, F. R. S. Taken from No. 495 of state, nor to infringe any point of his obe Philosophical Transactions, juf pube treaties
but, resolveth to continue and lifhed. maintain that happy peace, wherewith E
Norwich, May 12, 1750. God hath blessed his kingdom ; and to which all his a&ions and negotiations have Twitshall, in Norfolk, in the year hitherto tended, as by your own instruce 1728, and has been shewn in this city for tions you may fully understand. But withal some weeks past. I weighed him myself, considering, that peace must be maintained
April 3, 1750, and his weight, with all by the arm of power, which only keeps his cloaths, was no more than 34 pounds. down war, by keeping up dominion : His 1 likewise carefully measured him, and majesty thus provoked, finds it necessary, found his height, with his hat, shoes, and even for his own desence and safety, to re: F wig on, to be 38 inches. His limbs are affume and keep his ancient and undoubted no bigger than a child of 3 or 4 four years right in the deminion of these scas; and to old : His body is perfe&tly Arait : The luffer no other prince or state to incroach lineaments of his face answerable to his upon him ; thereby assuming to themselves, age ; and his brow has some wrinkles in or their admirals, any fovereign command; it, when he looks attentively at any thing. but to force them to perfo: m homage to He has a good complexion, is of a (prightly his admiral and mips ; and to pay them temper, discourses readily and pertinentiy, acknowledyments, as in former times they considering his education, and reads and did. He will also set open and protect the writes English well. His speech is a little free trade both of his subjects and allies ; hollow, tho' not disagreeable ; he can fing and give them ruch sale condud and coro. tolerably, and amules the company that voy, as they shall reasonably require. He come to see him, with mimicicing a cock's will suffer no other fiets, or men of war, crowing, which he imitates very exactly. to keep any guard upon these seas ; or
Extraets from the Philosophical Transactions.
389 In 1744, he was 36 inches high, and pice, of 8 or 10 years growih, from which weighed 27 pounds and an half. His fa. they collect manna. It seemed to have ther says, when about a year old, he was been tapped two years for ihat purpose ; as large as children of that age usually are, the branches had been barked each year but grew very little and Nowly alterwards. about an inch broad, and two feet high ;
A child of 3 years and not quite 9 but ihey told me this was done by an inch months old, son of the late very worthy at a time, William Jones, Erq; F. R. S. was mea- A They place a cup at the bottom of the Sured and weighed, in order to make a wound, which they empty every five days. comparison between this little man and This liquor becomes manna. They forhim. This boy, tho' very lively and hand. merly let it dry upon the trees, but the fome, is no way remarkable for his fize ; present way keeps it cleaner. The manna and therefore his dimenlions and weight, begins to run (they say, in the scripture stile, compared with the dwarf's, may give a to rain) the beginning of August ; and if tolerable idea of the real smallness of the the season proves dry, they gather it 5 or 6 dwarf.
weeks. The king of Naples has ro large The weight of the dwarf, with all his
a revenue from it, that he is extremely cloaths on, was no more than 34 pounds. jealous of it ; during the season guards the
The child's weight, with its cloaths woods by sbirri, who even fire upon peolikewise on, was 36 pounds.
ple that come into them ; and he makes The height of the dwarf, with his shoes, the fealing of the i quor death. The real hat, and wig on, was 38 5-10 inches. son in which I was at Arienzo prevented
The height of the child, without any my seeing the species of arh. I believe ic thing on his head, 37 7-10 inches.
to be what our gardeners call the flowerDwarf. Child., C ing alh ; the complexion of the bark and
Inches. Inches. bud agrees with one of them I have in my Round the waist
garden at Lindley. The man who shewed Round the neck
97-10 me the wood, told me, it bore a pretty Round the calf of the
flower in the spring.–At Pisa in the phyleg
fick-garden, they thewed me that tree in Round the ancle 6
bloom as the manna-ash. The tree is in. Round the wrist
4 3-10 deed common enough in that neighbour. Length of the arm,
hood : I wonder Mr. Ray does not men. viz.from the shoul.
tion it among the plants found there by der to the wrist
him. The Italians call it or no. A bota. From the elbow to
nift at Rome told me, it was the orpus the end of the mid.
officinarum. A physician at Benevento to die finger
the same purpose, that it was the ornus From the wrist to the
used in medicine. A person is gone from end of the middle 4
Rome to Naples, who has promised to be finger
very particular in getting you information From the knee to the
E of their manner of curing it. He was bottom of the heel
bred a chemift, and told me many ways of Length of the foot
counterfeiting the several appearances of it, with the shoe on
The most common is with Glauber's salts Length of the face 6
and sugar, with a small mixture of manna. Breadth of the face 5
The price of manna at Naples, they told Length of the nose I 2-10 I 2-10 me, was 4 carlins (4 d. sterling each) the Width of the mouth I 8-10 1 8-10 rotolo (32 ounces.) Breadth of the hand 2 5-10 As the measures of the dwarf were taken
F A Description of WILTSHIRE. To with his cloaths on, those of the child were
whicb is annexed a new and correet Map.
ILTSHIRE bas Somersetshire ing a tight stay and petticoat) probably fit closer to his body, and therefore make less the north and north-west, Dorsethire and difference in the measuring round his waist, part of Hampshire on the south, and Berk(the only dimension wherein it could have Thire and Hampshire on the east. Its any effect) than the looler coat or waistcoat greatest length from north to south is 45 of the dwarf.
G miles, its greatest breadth from east to west
37 miles, and it is about 150 in circumfe. Part of a Letter from Robert More, Esq; to rence. contains about 876000 acres,
Mr. W. Watson, F.R.S. concerning ibe and 27100 houses, and is divided into 29 Melbod of garbering Manna near Naples. hundreds ; in which are one city, 15 boT Arienzo, a town between Naples roughs, 9 other market-towns, and 904
taken over his cioaths; and they (bei W 'n the welt, Gloucefterthire on
A Description of WILTSHIR E. Sept.
county, but now of litele note, tho' it has
town, encompared with fine downs. Its begun by Richard Poore their bishop, in markes is on Thursdays, and it sends 2 1220, was near 40 years in building, and
members to parliament, who al present dedicated to the Virgin Mary in 1258,