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1751. PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. 400 ed the election either for gain, or With impartial people without from any other unjustifiable motive; doors, it will be in vain, Sir, to and confequently, if he had not been plead the order made last feflion, as accused, I should never have suspect the cause of our proceeding in such ed his being guilty of any offence, a manner. That order was to all

This, Sir, being my way of think appearance duly complied with being, I cannot be of opinion, that A fore this session began, and no comwe have any reason for inquiring in- plaint of any breach of it till this to the high.bailiff's conduct, except day that the petitions were lodged. that which is founded upon the charge It will therefore be thought very exo contained in the petitions now be- traordinary in us, to call upon the fore us ; and that charge we cannot high-bailiff, after he has been thus certainly make the least inquiry into, accused, tó accuse others ; and still before the day we have already ap- B more extraordinary, to proceed to pointed for that purpose. I shall hear the second complaint before we most readily grant, Sir, that we have have heard the first

, especially as the a right to have a return made, as soon day appointed for hearing the first is as poffible, to every writ issued for so near at hand. This can never be chuling the members of this house ; warranted or justified by the practice and that, when an unreasonable delay of any of the courts below ; for is made, we ought to inquire into it, C when a rule of court is made, they even tho' no complaint be lodged a never inquire how it has been com gainst that delay, but when a petiti- plied with, unless it appears not to on has been presented complaining, have been complied with, or a comamong other things, of that very plaint be lodged by some party condelay, and a day actually appointed cerned, that it has not been duly for hearing the matter of that petiti- complied with ; and even in that on, I must be fo free as to fay, that Dcase, if it relates to the hearing of an inquiry set on foot before that the cause, they put off hearing the day, and without the privity of the complaint, till the cause comes on to petitioners, looks more like a design be heard. to defeat justice than inflict punish The Hon. gentleman was pleased ment; and if we proceed, I am afraid, to say, Sir, we are not fishing for this will be the remote consequence, crimes or informations, but for innowhatever may be the immediate de: E cence : Whose innocence can we be Sign ; for I'am far from thinking, now fishing for? It is evident from that the noble lord who made this what I have said, that by the nature motion, has any such design : But if of the case the high-bailiff cannot this fhould be the consequence ; if ftand accused of any breach of our the petitioners should be by our me order, or of any offence ; he slands thod of proceeding so intimidated or accused only by the petitions now bediscouraged, as to withdraw their pe É fore us, and as to his innocence with titions, and the returning officer, of respect to that accusation, we can whom they fo heavily complain, e.

fith for it no way but by giving a scape all punishment or censure, what- speedy and impartial hearing to those ever we within doors may think, the petitions. I. therefore cannot compeople without doors will all con. prehend why he was ordered to atclude, that this extraordinary method tend : Surely, it was not to be exaof proceeding was designed to defeat G mined as a witness in his own justifijustice, and to screen a publick cri- cation : Can he be deemed a legal minal from punishment; which, I am evidence for that purpose ? An emi. fure, can no way add to the honour nent and a very honest judge once or the authority of this allembly. Said, he would not trust himself with September, 1751.



Sept. an illegal evidence ; because even an Perhaps it may then be found, as Honest man might be prejudiced, with the Hon. gentleman who fpoke last out knowing it, by the artful tefti. suggested, that the agents for both mony of such an evidence. Shall

candidates, as well as the returning we then examine a witness that all

officer, protracted the election for the world mult allow to be illegal ? gain ; but the offence was much But if he was not called for this pur. A more heinous in him than in them, pose, what else could he be called because his making any gain was exfor? I hope it was not to accuse pressly against law, and contrary to his accusers : If it was, he ought his duty, whereas they might honeftnot to have complied : It would ly and lawfully take a reward for. have been but modelt in him, to their labour and attendance. Besides, have told us, that the delay of the if they were guilty of any affected return proceeded from the nature of B delay, in order to inhance their gains, the election, and the multitude of it was his duty to prevent it ; and persons whose right of voting was to ever since the 23d of February last be inquired into ; and he might have he was arıned with the whole power added, that as to any other cause of of this houfe for that very purpose. delay, after he had justified himself

. Therefore, if they were all guilty of as to the accusation brought against such an offence, he was the princihim by the petitioners, he would C pal, they were but accessaries : Will Mhew, that it proceeded from others,

you try the accessaries before the and not from him. This, I say, principal ? And if you are not now would have been but modeft, and to proceed to trial, why should you what, in my opinion, a man truly now desire to be informed ? innocent would certainly have cho. In Mort, Sir, we are got into an sen : But since he has been pleased affair, which, to say no worse of it, to take another method : Since he d has, in my opinion, a very bad afhas set out with accusing his accusers, pect, therefore the sooner we get out or the friends of his accusers, I will of it, the better ; for which reason fay, that, if we allow him to go on, I shall most heartily concur in the we are fishing for crimes and infor. motion for the order of the day. mations, and that in as foul a chan.

[Tbio Journal to be continued in our next.] nel as ever they were fished for.

A noble lord was pleased to say, E N. B. As we have so often declared, Sir, that the house has yet no reason that we publish only the speeches to suppose, that he will charge his spoken upon questions in the Poaccusers, or the friends of his accu litical Club *, we cannot conceive. sers, with the offence he has menti what the envious and malicious oned. Sir, whatever that noble lord publisher of a certain foolish and may have reason to suppose, I am trifling Magazine means ; for we persuaded, there is not a gentleman F are very sure, he has no authority in the house but expects, that his to say, that any speech we pubcharge will fall upon some of the a lith, is a false account of what was gents for the petitioning candidate, said in the Political Club; and we and very probably upon fuch as may do not pretend to represent any be the most material witnesses against

thing else.

He may, if he him at the hearing. Whether they pleales, begin again to amuse his were guilty or no, it is not my busi G Lilliputian readers with the de. ness to inquire ; nor can it, I think, bates of his Lilliputian fenate, be the buliness of the house, till the without any notice from us; and iter comes regularly re us. he will find himself disappointed,

if face to Landon Magazine for 1743 ; and fee L indon Magazine for 1748, P, 353.

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5751. : The true MAN of PLEASUR E. 403

if he expects to draw us in to necessary ingredient in the compofipuff his Magazine for him, by tion of a fine gentlemian, and a man answering every ridiculous remark of pleasure, and accordingly I he may think fit to make on what plunged into it without defire at first, we publish in our Magazine, and made myself folidly uneasy by which flourishes without any art, it for 30 the best years of my life. but might be blasted by the con- AI was even absurd enough, for a tagious breath of his panegyrick. little while, to swear, by way of

adorning and completing the shining From the INSPECTOR, No. 159. character which I affected; but this

folly I foon laid afide, upon finding A LETTER from a NOBLEMAN

both the guilt and indecency of it. to bis Son.

Thus seduced by fashion, and Dear Boy,

B blindly adopting nominal pleasures, LEASURE is the rock which I lost real ones. My fortune im.

moft young men split upon : paired, and my constitution that. They launch out with crowded fails tered, are, I must confess, the just in quest of it ; but without compass punishments of my errors : Take to direct their course, or reason suffi warning then by them ; chuse your cient to steer the vessel; for want of pleasures for yourself, and don't lec which, pain and shame, instead of C them be imposed on you ; follow pleasure, are the returns of their nature, not fashion ; weigh the prevoyage.

fent enjoyment of your pleasures The character which most young against the necessary consequences of men first aim at, is that of a man of them, and then let your own compleasure ; but they generally take mon sense determine your choice. it upon trust, and instead of consult Were I to begin the world again ing their own taste and inclinations, D with the experience I now have of they blindly adopt whatever those, it, I would live a life of real, not with whom they chiefly converse, imaginary pleasure. I would enjoy are pleased to call it, which, in the the pleasures of the cable and of vulgar acceptation of that phrase, wine, but stop short of the pains inmeans only a beastly drunkard, an separably annexed to an excess in abandoned whoremaster, or a pro

either. I would not at 20 be a Aigate swearer and curler. E preaching millionary of abstemicus.

As it may be of use to you, I am nels and Tobriety : I would let other Rot unwilling, tho' at the same time people do as they would, without afhamed, to own, that the vices of formally and fententioully rebuking my youth proceeded much more them for it; but I would be molt from my silly resolution of being firmly resolved not to destroy my what I heard called a man of plea. own faculties and constitucion, in sure, than from my own inclinati. F complaisance to those who have no ons. I always naturally hated drink. regard to theirs. I would play to ing, and yet I have often drank give me pleasure, but not to give title with disgust at the time, attended by pain; that is, I would play for trigreat fickness the next day, only be fies in mixed companies, to amuse cause I then considered drinking as. myself, and conform to custom ; but a necessary qualification for a fine I would take care not to venture for gentleman, and a man of pleasure. G fums, which if I won, I should not

The same was the case as to gam.. be the better for, but if I loft, should ing; I did not want money,

conse be under a difficulty to pay, and quently I had no occafion to play when paid, would oblige me for it; but I thought play another retrench in several other articles ;

Eee 2


404 Pernicious EFFECTS of GAMING.

Sept. not to mention the quarrels, which friendship and alliance, when he deep play commonly occasions. I saw the captains and Senators of would pafo some of my time in that city playing at dice, returned reading, and the rest in the com home without doing any thing, pany of people of sense and learn- saying, That he would not so much ing, and chiefly those above me : fully the glory of the Spartans, And I would frequent the mixed A as that it should be faid they had company of men and women of made a league with gamefters, tathion, which, tho' often frivolous, Hence it fhould feem, this honeft yet unbends and refreshes the mind, heathen took every man addicted not uselesly, because it certainly po. to gaming for a fool or a knave, Jishes and softens the manners. and therefore resolved to have no

These would be my pleasures and dealings with fuch, as neither chaamusements, if I were to live the B racer could be depended on. last 30 years over again : They are The pernicioulness of gaming rational ones ; and moreover I will was so well understood by the tell you, they are real and fashiona-grand impostor, Mahomet, that ble ones ; for the others are not in he thought it necefsary to protruth the pleasures of what I call hibit it exprelly in the Alcoran, people of falhion, but of those who pot as a thing in itself naturally only call themselves fo. Does good C evil, but only morally so, as it is company care to have a man reeling a step to the greatest vices : For drunk amongst them? Or to fee whilft we captivate ourselves to another tearing his hair, and blas chance,' we lose our authority pheming, for having loft at play over, our passions, being excited more than he is able to pay ? Or a to immoderate defire, excessive whorematter, with half a pose, and hope, joy and grief; we stand crippled by coarse and infamous de- D or fall at the uncertain cast of bauchery? No; those who practise, the dice, or the turning up of a and much more those who boast of card ; we are saves to the feeblest fuch pleasures, make no part of wishes, which, if they succeed not, good company, and are most unwil.

we grow furious, profligate and lingly, if ever, admitted into it.

impious ; banishing all prudence, I have not mentioned the plea temperance and justice, we become fures of the mind, which are the E impudent, and fic for the blackest Solid and permanent ones, because crimes. Hence the cheats, the they do not come under the head quarrels, the oaths and blasphemies of what people commonly call plea. among the men : And among the sures, which they seem to confine women, the neglect of houshold af. to the senses. The pleasures of fairs, the unlimited freedoms, the virtue, of charity, of learning, are indecent pasfion; and, lastly, the true and lasting ones, which I hope F known inlet to all lewdness, when, you will be well and long acquaint-. after an ill run, the fair one must ed with.

answer the defects of the purse ; the

I am, &c. rule on such occafions holding true GAMING, a Reproach to a

in play, as it does in law, Quod non CHRISTIAN COUNTRY, with its

babet in crumena, luat in corpore.

-If Christians have not humility pernicious Tendency and Effects

. G enough to conform to the rule of I , T is somewhere recorded, that life laid down in Holy Writ, let

them at least have pride enough to ing sent to Corinth, with a com be shamed out of this detestable vice, inillion to conclude a treaty of by the example of Pagans and Ma.






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An Abuse in relation to Holy Orders. 405

to fill his own pockets, would lie fure to To the AUTHOR of (be LONDON

have his attempt universally abhorred, and MAGAZIN E.

would juftly be deemed to merit exemplary SIR,

punishment : But is it a less crime to take

upon them with as little ikill to be the a place in your incomparable Maga phyficians of fouls The very though zine (O&. 1750, p. 450.) to my complaint must make a confiderate and conscientious on the rad abuse of making a compliment A man tremble. The great Chryfoftom, of holy orders, to the imprudent outcasts with all the qualifications that could render of trade, and quite foreign occupations, a person deserving of this holy office, was to serve them for a maintenance ; I have afraid to cngage in it, and apprehended ventured to offer, thro' the same effectual that for such a work, a man had need of conveyance, if you will indulge me once very uncommon powers and abilities, and more, an address to the several parties, on that therein the fpiritual thepherd ought whom it depends either to increase, or en as much to exceed those he feeds, as the tirely put an end thereto.

thepherd does his sheep, if not mye, seeAnd I shall begin, where the grievance B ing his hazard is in things of much greater begins, by expoftulating with the persons, moment : “ For, as he argues, he that who thus feek holy orders as a retreat. loses his sheep, either by wolves seizing They consider nothing, fure, but the porn them, or by the irruption of thieves, or by feffing themselves of a convenient and easy any rot, or even any other accident be. income ; did they at all regard how, and falling them, may perhaps obtain some at what rate, or conscientiously weigh with pardon from the maler of the fuck ; but what justice they can do it, it is impossible Thould the punithment be exacted, the but it should deter them, and put them upon C lors may be made up by money : But he to having recourse to some way, they are more whom men chemselves, the rational flock equal to, and where they could fairly, and of Christ, are entrusted, such an one, if he honestly acquit themselves of their duty. loses his sheep, will not suffer the lofs of Ordinarily, indeed, the case is, that they money only, but of his own foul." Lare fit for nothing, and the reason why And again I fear t, says he, left ! this course is chosen by, and for them, should take upon me the province of go. is that it is apprehended here they will verning the Mock of Chrill, when found, have a livelihood, tho' they be fo; whereas D and in good order, and they lould by my in all other professions, or employments, negligence prove otherwise, and I should without abilities to excel in them they must kindle the wrath of that God against me, ftarve : But let them but have a friend ubo fo loved ibat fluek, ibat be gave bimself powerful enough to get them ordained, for its salvation." Let these fears in a man, and who will give, or procure them a than whom no other was ever better qua«, living, and all is well,- they need not lified, awaken those to a sense of what concern themselves about any defects then. they are doing, who without any propee

- And need they not, indeed ?-Yestraining, and education, or any other pre-
more than in any one way in the world ; E tenfion to orders but their wanting a main.
for they mould consider, that they here lenance, are for crowding themselves into
engage in the immediate service of God, the ministry.
and Mould they have nothing to hear from If they will regard any thing, but their
men for acquitting themselves badly there. own view of profit, I would observe to
id, they have the urmon to fear from Him; them, that this is a matter big with damage
they engage in the most important of all to the church, and to religion, and it will
concerns,--the care of souls, and the main bring both into contempt ; but if they value
taining the purity of our faith, - where f not that, yet let me add, that these cannot
any failure is the most ruinous and irrepa incur any damage thro' them, but they
rable, and must accordingly be the most must account for itwberefore obe fin of
feverely accoun'ed for. The man who be young men was very great before ibe
Mould take upon him to be a phyfician, Lord, for men abborred be offering of obe
without understanding any thing of the Lord, 1 Sam. ii. 17.
matter, and should trifle with peoples lives,

μεν γερ πρόβατα απoλλυς, ή λίκων αρπασάνων, ή λης ών επιράλων, ή λοιμώ τινος, και
και άλλα συμπτώμαλος επιπεσόθος τυχοι μεν άν τινος και συγνώμης παρά τα κυρία της ποίμνης
"Ει δε και δίκην απαίοίτο μεχρι των χρημάτων ή ζημία. ο δε ανθρώπες πιςευθεις τον λοβικών
τα Χρις τοίμιον, πρώτον μεν εκ εις χρήματα, αλλ' εις την εαυli ψυχήν την ζημίαν υφίς αlαι,
UTSP Tris Tãy opiátor anwhilas. Chryfoft. de Sacerdotio. Ed. Front. Ducæi, Pag. 17.
Lut. Parif. 1614.

+ Και γαρ δέδρικά, με την αγέλην τα Χρισ σφριδωσαν και ευτραφή, παραλαβών, είτε ευλήν εξ απροσεξίας λυμηνεί μενος, παροξύνων κατ' έμαυλά τον ουλως αυλήν αγαπήσανlα θεών, ως, javlàr endudvar S.à Try Taútn; cwinpiar. Ejusdem, Pag. 22,

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