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399 fecutor or his witnesses, before pro- directed to expedite the election as ceeding to the trial upon the firft in- much as possible, and to apply to this dictment? If gentlemen will but al- house, if he met with any thing to low themselves to consider, the case obstruct him in the discharge of his now before us is of the very fame duty, which he could not prevent nature, and will, in my opinion, be Having thus, Sir, received our equally unjust. Therefore, I hope, A express orders to expedite the electi. the house will fufpend their curiosity on, and being armed with the whole but till to morrow fe'night, when power of this house, one would they may be duly and authentically have thought, that he might foon informed of every thing relating to have made a return ; but tho we this election, without which it is im- continued fitting to the 12th of possible to pass an impartial and fo. April, no return was made, to the lid judgment upon any point relat. B surprise of every gentleman who ing to it.

knew any thing of the nature of elec

tions, and the necessity of making The next Speaker in this Debate was every return as soon as possible. 'Tis

Cn. Fulvius, the Purport of whose true, Sir, a return is now made; but Speech was as follows.

is this a sufficient excuse for such an

unheard-of delay ? Ought this to Mr. President,


prevent our inquiring into an affair, SIR,

that may in future times be of such THEN I consider the whole dangerous consequence to our consti

circumstances of the election tution? The petitions presented ato which the affair now before us has gainst the election and return have some sort of relation, I am surprised nothing to do with this affair ; behow any gentleman can object to cause it is an affair, which we ought, what is now proposed. The writ D and certainly would have inquired for a new election for the city of into, if no petition had been preWestminster was ordered the 16th of sented. But can we, or ought we November was a twelvemonth, and to enter into such an inquiry without was presently issued accordingly, on first examining the returning officer, which the precept from the sheriff who must be supposed criminal, or was forthwith issued, and delivered at least negligent, unless he can thew to the high-bailiff, who is the return- E us some reason for fuch a long deing officer for that city. It was na- lay in an affair, which required the tural to expect, that before the 22d quickest dispatch ? of February following, he would The method we are now in is have made a return; but as he did therefore, Sir, the most proper, and not, à motion was then made for an indeed the only method we could inquiry why he had not, and he

take for inquiring into this affair. It with the other officers concerned F is an affair in which our own howere ordered to attend next day, nour is concerned ; and shall we allow when he informed us, that he was such an affair to lie at the option of then in the execution of the said pre- the petitioners, whether they will cept, that he had all along endea- proceed in their petition or no ? We voured to avoid all unnecessary delay have called the high-bailiff before us, therein, and that if some delay had not to ask him whether he has made happened in the scrutiny of the poll, G a right return, or whether he did which he was then proceeding upon, justice to the electors in every part it had been such only, as he did not of the election, but why he so long think he had sufficient powers to pre- delayed making a return, why he vent or remove ; whereupon he was did not sooner yield obedience to the H-F


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400 PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &C. Sept. directions we gave him last session ? Not at all, Sir ; for both may be If he can fhew us good reasons why true : Nay, probably, both are true: he did not, he will stand acquitted The election was perhaps a good as to this charge, even tho' he should

milch cow for some of the agents, be afterwards found guilty of injur. as well as the returning officer, and tice both as to the election and re- both resolved to milk her as long as turn : If he should not be able to A they could. few us any good reasons for such a Therefore, Sir, as the question delay, he will stand condemned as to now proposed to be put to the highthis charge, and will certainly be bailiff can no way injure the petitipunished for it, tho' it should after- oners, or in the least affect the mewards be found, that he had faith- rits of the election or return ; and fully done his duty both as to the as it relates to a fact, which we ought elećtion and return. The order we B to inquire into as soon as possible : I made, or the directions we gave last hope, it will be put to him before fession, may therefore be compared we proceed to any other business. to a rule of court made by any of the courts below, in a cause then de- Upon this L. Lucretius Flavus stood pending before them; and when up, and spoke to this Effet. any such rule is made, the court may,

Mr. President, surely, before the hearing of the C cause, inquire whether that rule has been complied with. Nay, it is in- hope the Hon. gentleman who cumbent upon the court to do so, spoke last will excuse me, if I when there is a vehement suspicion, was one of those who never was suror a strong appearance of neglect. prised at the tediousness of the WestThis, Sir, is our case at present ;

minster election ; and indeed, I neand therefore, we cannot now be said D ver did suspect that it was any way to be acting the part of a court of unnecessarily delayed, till I heard inquisition : We are not fishing for the petition this day presented. Concrimes or for informations : Quite fidering that the right of voting for the contrary, we are fishing for in- that city was never yet determined Tocence : An offence seems to have by this house, and the vaft number, been committed : A particular gen- as well as various kinds of persons tleman seems chargeable with that E that pretend to a right of voting, I offence ; and we are going to give foresaw, that when the election was him an opportunity to thew his inno- so strenuoully contested, and the concence. He has already, by way of tending parties so equally matched, defence, informed us of a very mate- the scrutiny must take up a very long rial fact : Ought not we to inquire time, before the high-bailiff could into the truth of that fact? Can we make a return with any knowledge inquire into the truth of it, without F or justice ; for I was too well acknowing the names of the persons quainted with the unavoidable tedi.charged with it? And if upon in- ousness of all disputes, that depend quiry it should be found to be true, v pon the proof of a great number of and we should punith the offenders, facts, to imagine, that such a scrutican it any way injure the petitioners ? ny could be ended in a few days, or Sir, suppose we should find, from even a few months ; therefore the the information of the high-bailiff, G high-bailiff's delay in making the rethat some persons had protracted the turn, was with me rather a presumpelection by an affected delay, does 'tion that he was resolved to do imthat prove, that he did not protract partial justice, than that he protractfor gain, as the petitioners alledge?

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1751. PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. 400 ed the election either for gain, or With impartial people without from any other unjustifiable motive; doors, it will be in vain, Sir, to and confequently, if he had not been plead the order made last feflion, as accused, I should never have suspect the cause of our proceeding in such ed his being guilty of any offence, a manner. That order was to all

This, Sir, being my way of think- appearance duly complied with being, I cannot be of opinion, that A fore this session began, and no comwe have any reason for inquiring in- plaint of any breach of it till this to the high.bailiff's conduct, except day that the petitions were lodged. that which is founded upon the charge It will therefore be thought very exo contained in the petitions now be- traordinary in us, to call upon the fore us ; and that charge we cannot high-bailiff, after he has been thus certainly make the least inquiry into, accused, tó accuse others ; and still before the day we have already ap- B more extraordinary, to proceed to pointed for that purpose. I shall hear the second complaint before we most readily grant, Sir, that we have have heard the first

, especially as the a right to have a return made, as soon day appointed for hearing the first is as poffible, to every writ issued for so near at hand. This can never be chuling the members of this house ; warranted or justified by the practice and that, when an unreasonable delay of any of the courts below ; for is made, we ought to inquire into it, C when a rule of court is made, they even tho' no complaint be lodged a- never inquire how it has been com gainst that delay, but when a petiti- plied with, unless it appears not to on has been presented complaining, have been complied with, or a comamong other things, of that very plaint be lodged by some party condelay, and a day actually appointed cerned, that it has not been duly for hearing the matter of that petiti- complied with ; and even in that on, I must be fo free as to fay, that Dcase, if it relates to the hearing of an inquiry set on foot before that the cause, they put off hearing the day, and without the privity of the complaint, till the cause comes on to petitioners, looks more like a design be heard. to defeat justice than inflict punish- The Hon. gentleman was pleased ment; and if we proceed, I am afraid, to say, Sir, we are not fishing for this will be the remote consequence, crimes or informations, but for innowhatever may be the immediate de: E cence : Whose innocence can we be Sign ; for I'am far from thinking, now fishing for? It is evident from that the noble lord who made this what I have said, that by the nature motion, has any such design : But if of the case the high-bailiff cannot this fhould be the consequence ; if ftand accused of any breach of our the petitioners should be by our me- order, or of any offence ; he slands thod of proceeding so intimidated or accused only by the petitions now bediscouraged, as to withdraw their pe- É fore us, and as to his innocence with titions, and the returning officer, of respect to that accusation, we can whom they fo heavily complain, e.

fith for it no way but by giving a scape all punishment or censure, what- speedy and impartial hearing to those ever we within doors may think, the petitions. I. therefore cannot compeople without doors will all con. prehend why he was ordered to atclude, that this extraordinary method tend : Surely, it was not to be exaof proceeding was designed to defeat G mined as a witness in his own justifijustice, and to screen a publick cri- cation : Can he be deemed a legal minal from punishment; which, I am evidence for that purpose ? An emi. fure, can no way add to the honour nent and a very honest judge once or the authority of this allembly. Said, he would not trust himself with September, 1751.



Sept. an illegal evidence ; because even an Perhaps it may then be found, as Honest man might be prejudiced, with- the Hon. gentleman who fpoke last out knowing it, by the artful tefti. suggested, that the agents for both mony of such an evidence. Shall

candidates, as well as the returning we then examine a witness that all

officer, protracted the election for the world mult allow to be illegal ? gain ; but the offence was much But if he was not called for this pur. A more heinous in him than in them, pose, what else could he be called because his making any gain was exfor? I hope it was not to accuse pressly against law, and contrary to his accusers : If it was, he ought his duty, whereas they might honeftnot to have complied : It would ly and lawfully take a reward for. have been but modelt in him, to their labour and attendance. Besides, have told us, that the delay of the if they were guilty of any affected return proceeded from the nature of B delay, in order to inhance their gains, the election, and the multitude of it was his duty to prevent it ; and persons whose right of voting was to ever since the 23d of February last be inquired into ; and he might have he was arıned with the whole power added, that as to any other cause of of this houfe for that very purpose. delay, after he had justified himself

. Therefore, if they were all guilty of as to the accusation brought against such an offence, he was the princihim by the petitioners, he would C pal, they were but accessaries : Will Mhew, that it proceeded from others,

you try the accessaries before the and not from him. This, I say, principal ? And if you are not now would have been but modeft, and to proceed to trial, why should you what, in my opinion, a man truly now desire to be informed ? innocent would certainly have cho. In Mort, Sir, we are got into an sen : But since he has been pleased affair, which, to say no worse of it, to take another method : Since he d has, in my opinion, a very bad afhas set out with accusing his accusers, pect, therefore the sooner we get out or the friends of his accusers, I will of it, the better ; for which reason fay, that, if we allow him to go on, I shall most heartily concur in the we are fishing for crimes and infor. motion for the order of the day. mations, and that in as foul a chan.

[Tbio Journal to be continued in our next.] nel as ever they were fished for.

A noble lord was pleased to say, E N. B. As we have so often declared, Sir, that the house has yet no reason that we publish only the speeches to suppose, that he will charge his spoken upon questions in the Poaccusers, or the friends of his accu- litical Club *, we cannot conceive. sers, with the offence he has menti- what the envious and malicious oned. Sir, whatever that noble lord publisher of a certain foolish and may have reason to suppose, I am trifling Magazine means ; for we persuaded, there is not a gentleman F are very sure, he has no authority in the house but expects, that his to say, that any speech we pubcharge will fall upon some of the a- lith, is a false account of what was gents for the petitioning candidate, said in the Political Club; and we and very probably upon fuch as may do not pretend to represent any be the most material witnesses against

thing else.

He may, if he him at the hearing. Whether they pleales, begin again to amuse his were guilty or no, it is not my busi G Lilliputian readers with the de. ness to inquire ; nor can it, I think, bates of his Lilliputian fenate, be the buliness of the house, till the without any notice from us; and iter comes regularly re us. he will find himself disappointed,

if face to Landon Magazine for 1743 ; and fee L indon Magazine for 1748, P, 353.

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5751. : The true MAN of PLEASUR E. 403

if he expects to draw us in to necessary ingredient in the compofipuff his Magazine for him, by tion of a fine gentlemian, and a man answering every ridiculous remark of pleasure, and accordingly I he may think fit to make on what plunged into it without defire at first, we publish in our Magazine, and made myself folidly uneasy by which flourishes without any art, it for 30 the best years of my life. but might be blasted by the con- AI was even absurd enough, for a tagious breath of his panegyrick. little while, to swear, by way of

adorning and completing the shining From the INSPECTOR, No. 159. character which I affected; but this

folly I foon laid afide, upon finding A LETTER from a NOBLEMAN

both the guilt and indecency of it. to bis Son.

Thus seduced by fashion, and Dear Boy,

B blindly adopting nominal pleasures, LEASURE is the rock which I lost real ones. My fortune im.

moft young men split upon : paired, and my constitution that. They launch out with crowded fails tered, are, I must confess, the just in quest of it ; but without compass punishments of my errors : Take to direct their course, or reason suffi- warning then by them ; chuse your cient to steer the vessel; for want of pleasures for yourself, and don't lec which, pain and shame, instead of C them be imposed on you ; follow pleasure, are the returns of their nature, not fashion ; weigh the prevoyage.

fent enjoyment of your pleasures The character which most young against the necessary consequences of men first aim at, is that of a man of them, and then let your own compleasure ; but they generally take mon sense determine your choice. it upon trust, and instead of consult- Were I to begin the world again ing their own taste and inclinations, D with the experience I now have of they blindly adopt whatever those, it, I would live a life of real, not with whom they chiefly converse, imaginary pleasure. I would enjoy are pleased to call it, which, in the the pleasures of the cable and of vulgar acceptation of that phrase, wine, but stop short of the pains inmeans only a beastly drunkard, an separably annexed to an excess in abandoned whoremaster, or a pro

either. I would not at 20 be a Aigate swearer and curler. E preaching millionary of abstemicus.

As it may be of use to you, I am nels and Tobriety : I would let other Rot unwilling, tho' at the same time people do as they would, without afhamed, to own, that the vices of formally and fententioully rebuking my youth proceeded much more them for it; but I would be molt from my silly resolution of being firmly resolved not to destroy my what I heard called a man of plea. own faculties and constitucion, in sure, than from my own inclinati. F complaisance to those who have no ons. I always naturally hated drink. regard to theirs. I would play to ing, and yet I have often drank give me pleasure, but not to give title with disgust at the time, attended by pain; that is, I would play for trigreat fickness the next day, only be- fies in mixed companies, to amuse cause I then considered drinking as. myself, and conform to custom ; but a necessary qualification for a fine I would take care not to venture for gentleman, and a man of pleasure. G fums, which if I won, I should not

The same was the case as to gam.. be the better for, but if I loft, should ing; I did not want money,

conse- be under a difficulty to pay, and quently I had no occafion to play when paid, would oblige me for it; but I thought play another retrench in several other articles ;

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