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404 Pernicious EFFECTS of GAMING.

Sept. not to mention the quarrels, which friendship and alliance, when he deep play commonly occasions. I saw the captains and Senators of would pafo some of my time in that city playing at dice, returned reading, and the rest in the com- home without doing any thing, pany of people of sense and learn- saying, That he would not so much ing, and chiefly those above me : fully the glory of the Spartans, And I would frequent the mixed A as that it should be faid they had company of men and women of made a league with gamefters, tathion, which, tho' often frivolous, Hence it fhould feem, this honeft yet unbends and refreshes the mind, heathen took every man addicted not uselesly, because it certainly po. to gaming for a fool or a knave, Jishes and softens the manners. and therefore resolved to have no

These would be my pleasures and dealings with fuch, as neither chaamusements, if I were to live the B racer could be depended on. last 30 years over again : They are The pernicioulness of gaming rational ones ; and moreover I will was so well understood by the tell you, they are real and fashiona-grand impostor, Mahomet, that ble ones ; for the others are not in he thought it necefsary to protruth the pleasures of what I call hibit it exprelly in the Alcoran, people of falhion, but of those who pot as a thing in itself naturally only call themselves fo. Does good C evil, but only morally so, as it is company care to have a man reeling a step to the greatest vices : For drunk amongst them? Or to fee whilft we captivate ourselves to another tearing his hair, and blas- chance,' we lose our authority pheming, for having loft at play over, our passions, being excited more than he is able to pay ? Or a to immoderate defire, excessive whorematter, with half a pose, and hope, joy and grief; we stand crippled by coarse and infamous de- D or fall at the uncertain cast of bauchery? No; those who practise, the dice, or the turning up of a and much more those who boast of card ; we are saves to the feeblest fuch pleasures, make no part of wishes, which, if they succeed not, good company, and are most unwil.

we grow furious, profligate and lingly, if ever, admitted into it.

impious ; banishing all prudence, I have not mentioned the plea temperance and justice, we become fures of the mind, which are the E impudent, and fic for the blackest Solid and permanent ones, because crimes. Hence the cheats, the they do not come under the head quarrels, the oaths and blasphemies of what people commonly call plea. among the men : And among the sures, which they seem to confine women, the neglect of houshold af. to the senses. The pleasures of fairs, the unlimited freedoms, the virtue, of charity, of learning, are indecent pasfion; and, lastly, the true and lasting ones, which I hope F known inlet to all lewdness, when, you will be well and long acquaint-. after an ill run, the fair one must ed with.

answer the defects of the purse ; the

I am, &c. rule on such occafions holding true GAMING, a Reproach to a

in play, as it does in law, Quod non CHRISTIAN COUNTRY, with its

babet in crumena, luat in corpore.

-If Christians have not humility pernicious Tendency and Effects

. G enough to conform to the rule of I , T is somewhere recorded, that life laid down in Holy Writ, let

them at least have pride enough to ing sent to Corinth, with a com- be shamed out of this detestable vice, inillion to conclude a treaty of by the example of Pagans and Ma.

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An Abuse in relation to Holy Orders. 405

to fill his own pockets, would lie fure to To the AUTHOR of (be LONDON

have his attempt universally abhorred, and MAGAZIN E.

would juftly be deemed to merit exemplary SIR,

punishment : But is it a less crime to take

upon them with as little ikill to be the a place in your incomparable Maga- phyficians of fouls The very though zine (O&. 1750, p. 450.) to my complaint must make a confiderate and conscientious on the rad abuse of making a compliment A man tremble. The great Chryfoftom, of holy orders, to the imprudent outcasts with all the qualifications that could render of trade, and quite foreign occupations, a person deserving of this holy office, was to serve them for a maintenance ; I have afraid to cngage in it, and apprehended ventured to offer, thro' the same effectual that for such a work, a man had need of conveyance, if you will indulge me once very uncommon powers and abilities, and more, an address to the several parties, on that therein the fpiritual thepherd ought whom it depends either to increase, or en- as much to exceed those he feeds, as the tirely put an end thereto.

thepherd does his sheep, if not mye, seeAnd I shall begin, where the grievance B ing his hazard is in things of much greater begins, by expoftulating with the persons, moment : “ For, as he argues, he that who thus feek holy orders as a retreat. loses his sheep, either by wolves seizing They consider nothing, fure, but the porn them, or by the irruption of thieves, or by feffing themselves of a convenient and easy any rot, or even any other accident be. income ; did they at all regard how, and falling them, may perhaps obtain some at what rate, or conscientiously weigh with pardon from the maler of the fuck ; but what justice they can do it, it is impossible Thould the punithment be exacted, the but it should deter them, and put them upon C lors may be made up by money : But he to having recourse to some way, they are more whom men chemselves, the rational flock equal to, and where they could fairly, and of Christ, are entrusted, such an one, if he honestly acquit themselves of their duty. loses his sheep, will not suffer the lofs of Ordinarily, indeed, the case is, that they money only, but of his own foul." Lare fit for nothing, and the reason why And again I fear t, says he, left ! this course is chosen by, and for them, should take upon me the province of go. is that it is apprehended here they will verning the Mock of Chrill, when found, have a livelihood, tho' they be fo; whereas D and in good order, and they lould by my in all other professions, or employments, negligence prove otherwise, and I should without abilities to excel in them they must kindle the wrath of that God against me, ftarve : But let them but have a friend ubo fo loved ibat fluek, ibat be gave bimself powerful enough to get them ordained, for its salvation." Let these fears in a man, and who will give, or procure them a than whom no other was ever better qua«, living, and all is well,- they need not lified, awaken those to a sense of what concern themselves about any defects then. they are doing, who without any propee

- And need they not, indeed ?-Yestraining, and education, or any other pre-
more than in any one way in the world ; E tenfion to orders but their wanting a main.
for they mould consider, that they here lenance, are for crowding themselves into
engage in the immediate service of God, the ministry.
and Mould they have nothing to hear from If they will regard any thing, but their
men for acquitting themselves badly there. own view of profit, I would observe to
id, they have the urmon to fear from Him; them, that this is a matter big with damage
they engage in the most important of all to the church, and to religion, and it will
concerns,--the care of souls, and the main- bring both into contempt ; but if they value
taining the purity of our faith, - where f not that, yet let me add, that these cannot
any failure is the most ruinous and irrepa- incur any damage thro' them, but they
rable, and must accordingly be the most must account for itwberefore obe fin of
feverely accoun'ed for. The man who be young men was very great before ibe
Mould take upon him to be a phyfician, Lord, for men abborred be offering of obe
without understanding any thing of the Lord, 1 Sam. ii. 17.
matter, and should trifle with peoples lives,

From
μεν γερ πρόβατα απoλλυς, ή λίκων αρπασάνων, ή λης ών επιράλων, ή λοιμώ τινος, και
και άλλα συμπτώμαλος επιπεσόθος τυχοι μεν άν τινος και συγνώμης παρά τα κυρία της ποίμνης
"Ει δε και δίκην απαίοίτο μεχρι των χρημάτων ή ζημία. ο δε ανθρώπες πιςευθεις τον λοβικών
τα Χρις τοίμιον, πρώτον μεν εκ εις χρήματα, αλλ' εις την εαυli ψυχήν την ζημίαν υφίς αlαι,
UTSP Tris Tãy opiátor anwhilas. Chryfoft. de Sacerdotio. Ed. Front. Ducæi, Pag. 17.
Lut. Parif. 1614.

+ Και γαρ δέδρικά, με την αγέλην τα Χρισ σφριδωσαν και ευτραφή, παραλαβών, είτε ευλήν εξ απροσεξίας λυμηνεί μενος, παροξύνων κατ' έμαυλά τον ουλως αυλήν αγαπήσανlα θεών, ως, javlàr endudvar S.à Try Taútn; cwinpiar. Ejusdem, Pag. 22,

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406 Different Callings require different Pursuits.

Sept. From the same considerations I may pro- carpenter and workmaster ebae labourerb nigba ceed to argue with the persons who affift and day, and ebey Ebat cut and grave feats, the others with their interest, and who use and are diligent 10 'make great variety, and their friendship and power, to get them give ibemselves to counterfere imagery, and ordained. And it must be sufficient to watch to finif a work: Tbe fmieb also forting make all worthy, religious members of our

by be anoil, and confidering tbe ironwork, church, resolve never to prostitute their ebe wapour of the fire water bis flesh, acd power and interest to such a purpose, to A be fagbrerb witb Be beat of be furnace; (be reficct, that, however they may serve noise of obe bammer and be anvil are ever in their friend in this, they are doing the ut.

bis ears, and bis eyes look fill upon tbe pattern molt differvice to religion and our com- of obe ibing ebar be makelb; be festerb bis munion. It is bringing the order into con mind to finiso bis work, and watcbetb te tempt, and by that means deseating the polife is perfeally : So doth tbe porter fitting good they would do, when such an och al bis work, and turning the wheel about cation is given, of suggesting that any

quitb bis feet, wbo is always carefully set at thing will do, to make a minister of, as

bis work, and makerb all bis work by number i that of putting the refuse of trade, 'the B be fafbionello ibe clay wieb bie arm, and spendthrift, and bankrupt, and the like,

bowerb down bis Arengib before bis feet ; be because they are deftitute of a maintenance, cpplietb bimself to lead it over, and be is die into orders, for one : When such as have ligent to make clean ibe furnace : All obese appeared in an unsuitable character before, trup to obeir bands, and every one is wife in and have lived in an illiterate, and volgar bis work; witbout befe cannot a city be in. calling, conversant with only the objects of babited. They are truly valuable in their such a sphere, are admitted thereto, it refieds own sphere, but are not to be employed out the utmost dishonour upon it, and the dir-. C of it, as the son of Sirach continues, 7 bey honour does not fail to recoil back, in a pall not be fougbe for in publick council, nor confiderable degree, upon the person, that for bigb in tbe congregation ; tbey fall not procures its being done, as fure as it is a file or ebe judges feat, nor understand ebe sene dishonour to be concerned in a wrong and tence of judgment ; they cannot declare justice unfit thing ; and that this is such, must ap.

and judgment, and obey shall not be found wbire pear at first glance.---One regularly edu. parables are spoken, cated for hody orders is forced to spend

I would not ever the more prevent any many years in proper studies under proper D serve a friend in want-God forhid-No,

one's being ready, in a proper way, to direction, to get the mastery of languages -to form his mind to close reasoning, and rather let me promote every ad of beneto be able to unravel the false and specious volence ; only let prudence and discretion - to furnith it with ethicks, and the treasures go along with it. Let them do any of morality-to inform himself well in the kindness or service they can to their friend, history and customs of antient times--to so as not to do differvice to others-let get a thorough knowledge of the scriptures them be as serviceable as they can-but it and a sufficient acquaintance with di. is not to be so, to do a publick injury for a vinity, and the controversies in that spacious E private advantage. Geld-to quality himself for instructing, Let me now turn me to those who fign the and persuading—and in Mort, to prepare testimonials of such persons. Testimonials himself for all the several demands of that are provided for the bishops security, that. arduous fun&tion : Now when he has no person, who is any way unfit, may imspent his time in these pursuits, he would pose himself upon them, being unknown ; be but ill. qualified to betake him to a trade as to an unfitness in point of learning, or calling, which requires an apprentice- I know not how they can be deceived in thip to understand it ; much less can onc

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that, if they duly examine them; but in die who has spent his time in qualifying him. vers other respects it is necessary, that their self for a trade, and in carrying it on, be want of knowledge of the candidate's perqualified to engage in holy orders, to any (onal character, of his conversation, and purpose of executing his duty, or doing course of life, of his worthiness and fitness good, and discharging him'ell to the ad- in all respeas, to be ordained, should be vantage of any people. For, the wisdom of supplied by a faithful and conscientious tefa learned men, faith the son of Sirach, timonial, from such as have really, and Ecclus. xxxviii. 24, Sc.

cometh by op

bona fide, known all these : And I can portunits of leisure : And be sbat balb little hardly conceive a case, where false witness business shall become wise. How can be gel G is borne with more extensive ill conlewisdom i bal boldeeb obe plow, and iba. glorieb quences. Let a man reflect 'ere he takes in ebe goad, ibal drivitb exer, and is occupied his pen in hand to lign a recommendation in the labours, and wbofe talk is of bullocks ? of an unworthy and unfit person for holy

mind eo make furrows, and is orders, bow many fouls this act of his five tbe kinc fodder : So every

may.

SIR,

1751

Remarkable CASE of a younger Brother. 407 may contribute to the loss of, how much Magazine peculiarly devoted to interesting contempt of religion, and prejudice to the subjects, and matters of the greatest utility. gospel of Jesus Christ this may occasion : Let

I am yours, him recollect, that he is not only aftesting a

EUSEBIUS, lye, or at least what is to deceive, but is

From tbe RAMBLER, Sept. 3• doing it on an occasion the most folemn of all others, and where the interests of God, and religion, and the immortale fouds be s I Whofe patrimony had been so much

WAS of men are concerned and let him not be unthinking or hardy enough, not to drop wasted by a long fucceffion of squanderers, his pen ; nor let any consideration of that he was unable to support any of his acquaintance and friendship, or solicitation, children, except his heir, in the heredi. or threat, or promise, or any thing what tary dignity of idleness. I was therefore ever prevail with him to take it up again, fent to school, and obliged to employ that on so bad an occafion--Resolve to be part of life in study, which most of guiltless, and have no Mare in the sacrilege, my progenitors had devoted to the hawk --but above all, let no clergyman se to B and the hound, and in my 18th year

was unnatural a part, as to set his hand and dispatched with loud praises from my give his fiat, to the church's disgrace, and master to the univerfity, without any rural religion's detriment.

honours or accomplishments. I had never And now there are no others, whom I killed a single woodcock, nor partaken Shall presume to advise ; let St. Paul speak one triumph over a conquered fox. to those whole office it is to ordain ; and At the university I continued to enlarge he does it, I Tim. v. 22, in terms the most my acquisitions with very little envy of the affecting, saying, Lay. bands * suddenly on C noisy happiness which my elder brother no man, neitber be parlaker of orber mens fins. had the fortune to enjoy, and having obMr. Leigh's annotation on which, I cannot tained my degree at the usual time, retired help adjoining, for its fullness to our pura into the country to deliberate at leisure to pose. “ This, says he, is diverfly inter- what profession I should now confine that preted-1. As if this were the meaning; application, which had hitherto been dir. there are many will ordain ralhly, do not sipated in general knowledge, or diverted thou fall into such mens fins, so as to be by curiofity

or accident from one science to like them. 2. There are many that will another. importunately defire such to be ordained who D which custom and honour forbid to bere: may pleale their humours, but do not thou tracted, is certainly reasonable ; yet, to let yield to such importunity, left thou partake loose the attention equally to the advantages of their fins. But, 3. It may have re- and inconveniences of every employment, ference to the persons ordained, that if is often dangerous ; new motives are every Timothy were not diligent to examine. moment operating on every side, and methem, both for their doctrine, and con- chanicks have long ago discovered, that versation, all the wickedness these minifters contrariety of equal attractions is equivalent should afterwards commit in the discharge E to reft. of their duty, would be accounted as bis, While I was thus trifling in uncertainty, and be bould answer for them. After this the younger brother of my father arrived nothing can be added : For if it be poftible from the Indies with a large fortune, for any one to fight this consideration, which he had so much harrassed himself in there can be none Itrong enough to prevail obtaining, that fickness and infirmity left with him. But I would hope, that this will him no other desire ihan to die in his native seldom or never be the case ; and that our country. Being incapable of any other bilhops, regarding the sacredness of the ad, f amusement than that of conversation, he and their obligations to acquit themselves necessarily became familiarized to me, therein with the utmost conscientiousness, whom he found studious and domestick. circumspection, and care, will lay hands sud. Pleased with an opportunity of imparting denly on no man, but faithfully and wisely my knowledge, and eager for any intellis make choice of fir persons to fe:ve in the gence that might encrease it, I delighted facred ministry of the church. I hope the his curiosity with historical narratives, importance of the case will be my excuse Tystems of policy, and explanations of nafor being lo large upon it, and will plead ture, and perhaps gratified his vanity by for so much room as this will require, in a G frequent enquiries after the products of

diftant

Alii veterum abfolutione in'elligunt ; alii de ordinatione : Utrumque enim per manuum impofitionem peragebatur. Probem ego de ordinatione accipi ; nam eft & in Tbalmude par seniena sia, &c. Grolius.- - Enius rightly observes, Penitencium abfolucio sufpiam in Scriptura 00!a!up manuum impofirio,

408 The MAN of Sense under Disappointment. Sept. disant countries, and the customs of their to the enlargement of my views, and the inhabitants.

improvement of my understanding. I My brother saw how much I advanced mingled Sometimes with parties of gaiety, in my uncle's favour, but neither attempts and sometimes with conferences of learned to alienate me, nor to ingratiate him- ing, appeared in every place where inself. He was indeed very little qualified to struction was to be found, and imagined folicit the affection of an old traveller, for that by ranging thro' all the diversities of the remifrels-of his education had left him A life I had acquainted myself fully with huwithout any rule of action, but his pre- man nature, and learned all that was to be fent humour. He often forfook our uncle known of the ways of men. in the midst of an adventure, because the

It happened, however, that I foon dir. horn founded in the court-yard, and would covered how much was yet wanting of the have loft an opportunity, not only of know. completion of my knowledge, and found ing the history, but sharing the wealth of that, according to Seneca's remark, I had the Mogul, for the trial of a new pointer, hitherto seen the world but on one fide. or the fight of a horse-race.

My uncle's confidence in his encrease of It was therefore not long before my un- B ftrength tempted him to carelessness and cle declared his intention of bequeathing to irregularity, he caught a fever by riding in me the profits of his commerce, as the on- the rain, of which he died deliriods on the ly man in the family by whom he could ex- third day. I buried him without any of pect them to be rationally enjoyed. This the heir's affected grief or fecret exultation; distinction drew upon me not only the en then preparing to take a legal pofTeffion of vy of my brother but my father. No man his fortune, I opened his closet, where I is willing to believe that he suffers by his found a will, made at his first arrival, by own fault, and they therefore imputed the C which my father was appointed the chief preference which I had obtained to artifice inheritor of his riches, and nothing was and fraud, to adulatory ccmpliances and left me, but a legacy fufficient to support malignant culumnies. To no purpose did me in the prosecution of my studies. I call upon my uncle to atteft my inno- I had not yet found fuck charms in procence, for who will believe what he wilhes (perity as to continue it by any acts of to be falle? The fame heat and ignorance forgery or injustice, and therefore made which gave me the first advantage confirm. haste to inform my father of the riches

, which had been given him, not by fraternal by repeated insults

, to depart from the D kindness, but by the delays of indolence, house, and I was soon by the same treat. and the cowardice of age. The hungry ment obliged to follow him.

family flew like vulturs on their prey, and He chofe his retidence in the confines of foon made my disappointment publick by London, where reft, tranquillity and me. the tumult of their claims, and the (plendor dicine restored him to part of the health of their forrow. which he had loft. I pleased myself with It was now my part to consider how I perceiving that I was not sikely to obtain should repair the disappointment which I an immediate poffellion of wealth, which E had suffered. I could not but triumph in no labour of mine had contributed to ac. my long list of friends, which comprised quire, and that he who had thus diftinguith. almost every name that power or know ed me, might hope to obtain a few years ledge entitled to eminence, and in the of chearfulness and plenty, and end his life prospect of the innumerable roads to honour without a total frustration of those blessings, and preferment, which I had laid open to which, whatever be their real value, he had myfelf by the use of temporary riches. I fought with so much diligence, and pur- believed nothing necessary, but that I should chaled with so many viciffitudes of danger continue that acquaintance to which I had and fatigue.

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been so readily admitted, and which had My uncle ineded left me no reason to re. hitherto been cultivated on both sides with pine at his recovery, for he was willing to equal ardour. accustom me early to the use of money, Full of these expectations, I one morning and set apart for my annual expences such ordered a chair, with an intention to make a revenue, as I had scarcely dared to image my ufual circle of morning vifits. Where to myself in the warmest moments of hope I first stopped, I saw two footmen lolling and ambition.

at the door, who told me, without any I can get congratulate myself, that fortune G change of posture or collection of counte. has seen her golden cup once lafted without nance, that their master was at home, and inebriation. Neither my modesty nor pru- suffered me to open the inner door with. dence were overwhelmed ny affluence, my out affiftance, I found my friend ftanding, elevation was without insolence, and my and as I was tattling with my former free. expence without profusion. I employed dom, was formally increated to fit dowe, she influence which money always confers,

but

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