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1751,

Human Weakness, and Knavis Flattery. 437 a damp on the gayest heart. I con- life was not to be devoted wholly to fels, I have turned the wrong end of accumulation, and therefore resignthe perspective, and you will be a ed his employments, retired to his man of courage if you can look estate, and applied himself to the ethrough it without trembling. There ducation of his children, and the is indeed a fairer way of viewing, cultivation of domestick happiness. but I question whether it represents A He passed several years in this things fo truly : however, I am sure pleasing amusement, and saw his care it is right to use both, and, especially recompensed by its effects; his daugh. the worst, to abate or moderate that ters were celebrated for modesty and transport, with which most men of elegance, and his sons for learning, your age are apt to regard matrimony. prudence and spirit. In time the He is the wise man who looks thro' eagerness

, with which all the neigh. both ends of the glass, and then acts B bouring gentlemen courted his alli. as his friends and circumstances sug- ance, obliged him to resign his daughgest, and as reason dictates to hiin ters to other families ; the vivacity in his cool moments.

and curiofity of his fons hurried I hope my advice will have some

them out of rural privacy into the weight with you ; because God has open world, from whence they had been pleased to make me happy hi- not very soon an inclination to retherto in the married state beyond Cturn. This, however, was no more my expectation, and, to the utmost than he had always hoped; he there. of my rational wishes, I only give fore pleased himself with the success you the relections of my mind on of his schemes, and felt none of the the condition of others, and not from inconveniences of solitude till an what I myself have found. I like apoplexy deprived him of his wife. wise assure you, that I had the same Thrasybulus had now no compathoughts before I married as I have D nion, and the maladies of encreating now; and yet they had no worse years took from him much of the effect on me than to temper my na. power of procuring amusement for tural chearfulness with such gravity, himself; he therefore thought it neas some indeed, not all, disliked ; cessary to procure some inferior and since I have avoided those rocks friend, who might ease him of his on which so many have been ship- economical solicitudes, and divert wrecked, I am the more disposed to E him by chearful conversation. He be thankful and easy at all times, soon recollected all these qualities in and on all occasions.

Vafer, a clerk in one of the offices, I am, SIR, &c.

over which he had formerly preA. B. fided. Vafer was therefore invited

to visit his old patron, and being by A true Picture of Human Weakness his station necessarily acquainted with in the Story of THRASYBULUS, F the present modes of life, and by and of Knavish Flattery in that of constant practice dextrous in business, VAFER.

entertained him with so many novel

ties, and so readily disentangled his From the RAMBLER, O&. 5. affairs, that his presence was thought HRASYBULUS inherited the principal constituent of happiness,

a large fortune from his an- and he was desired to resign his clerkcestors, and augmented it by a mar-G ship, and accept a liberal salary ia riage with an heiress, and the reve- the house of Thrasybulus. nues of several lucrative employ- Vafer had always lived in a state ments, which he discharged with of dependence, and was therefore honour and dexterity. He was at well versed in all the arts by which lat wise enough to consider, that

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438 A DescRIPTION of GLOUCESTERSHIRE. Oct.
favour is obtained, and having been state, and bad defiance to enquiry
long accustomed to repress all starts and justice.
of resentment, and fallies of confi.
dence, could without any repugnance

A Description of GLOUCESor hesitation accommodate himself TERSHIRE, With a Beautiful to every caprice, adopt every opini

Map of the fame. on, and echo every assertion. · He A VLOUCESTERSHIRE is bounded never doubted but to be convinced,

on the south with Somersetnor ever attempted opposition but to fhire and Wiltshire, on the north by flatter Thrasybulus with the opinion Worcestershire, on the west by Monof a victory. By this practice he mouthshire and Herefordshire, and made way quickly into the heart of on the east by Warwickshire and Oxhis patron, and having first made fordfire, and the south-cast corner himself agreeable, foon became im- B touches upon Berkshire. its extent portant. His insidious diligence, by from east to west is about 26 miles, which the laziness of age was gra

and from north to south about 4S, be. tified, foon engrossed the manage- ing near 140 miles in circumference. ment of all affairs, and his warm It is divided into 30 hundreds, conprofessions of kindness, petty offices tains about 800,000 acres, and has of civility, and occasional intercessi- one city, two parliament boroughs, 24 ons, prevailed on the tenants to con- Cother market towns, and 280 parishes. sider him as their friend and benefac- It sends 8 members to parliament, tor,

to consult him in all their viz. two for the county, who at preschemes, and to entreat his enforce. fent are Thomas Chelter and Nor. ment of their representations of hard borne Berkely, Esqrs. two for the city, years, and his countenance to petiti. and two for each of the boroughs. ons for abatement of rent.

Gloucestershire is a pleasant, healthful Thrasybulus had now banquetted D and fertile county, yielding plenty on flattery, till he could no longer of corn, and seeding abundance of bear the harshness of remonftrance, cattle, and great flocks of sheep, or the insipidity of truth. All con- especially about the hilly part, called trariety to his own opinion shocked Coteswold, whose wool is much him like a violation of some natural esteemed for its fineness, and the inharight, and all recommendation of bitants make of it great quantities of his affairs to his own inspection was E cloth. The other principal commo. dreaded by him as a summons to dities are corn, iron, wood and fruit, torture. His children were alarm. which it yields in great abundance. ed by the sudden riches of Vafer, It is also remarkable for its large mabut their complaints were heard by nufacture of cheese, tho' that which their father with impatience, and is called Gloucestershire cheese in their advice rejected with rage, as London, comes chiefly out of Wiltthe result of a conspiracy against his F fhire, the real cheese of this county quiet, and a design to condemn him going mostly to Bristol. It is well for their own advantage to groan out, watered with rivers, the principal of his last hours in perplexity and drudg- which is the famous river Severn, ery. The daughters retired with between which and the Wye lies tears in their eyes, but the son conti- the forest of Dean, containing about nued his importunities, till he found 30,000 acres, being 20 miles long his inheritance hazarded by his ob. and 10 broad, and having in it 3 stinacy. Vafer having thus triumph-G hundreds, 23 parish churches, and 4 ed over all their efforts, continued market-towns; and here grow numto confirm himself in au: hority, and bers of oak and other timber trees, increase his acquisitions, and at the tho' not in such plenty as before the death of his master purchased an e.

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1751. 1 DescriPTION of GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 439 civil wars': Here are also many coal by the freeholders and freeinen of mines, and iron mines, and furnaces the borough. The present members and forges for working it. The Se. are lord visc. Gage and William vern has plenty of salmon and other Dowdeswell, Esq; It has two marexcellent fish.

kets weekly, viz. on Wednesdays and Gloucester is the principal place in Saturdays. this county, from which it takes its A 2. Cirencester, vulgarly called Cir.

It is a city and county of it fiter, about 18 miles S. E, of Glouself, and is tolerably well built, tho! cester, the largest and most antient not fine. It is governed by a mayor, town in the county, having been a 12 aldermen, 24 common-council. fortified city in the time of the men, 2 sheriffs, a high-steward, and Britons, and the metropolis of the a recorder, and sends 2 members to large province of the Dobuni, as parliament, who at present are John B also an eminent Roman station. Selwyn, and Benjamin Bathurst, Esqrs. It is situate on the river Churn, and It is situate on the river Severn, over is governed by a high conftables, and which it has a large stone bridge, 14 wards-men, over 7 diftin&t wards, and before the civil wars had ni appointed annually at the court-leet. churches, 5 of which were then de. It lends 2 members to parliament and molished, and for its obstinate op- every housekeeper not receiving position to king Charles I. it had all Calms, has a vote. The present memits walls and works destroyed, which bers are the Hon. Henry Bathurst, were very strong. Here are 12 and John Cox, Efqrs. It has a market parishes, tho' but 6 parish churches,

on Monday for corn, cattle and proand the cathedral. It is a port, and visions, and on Friday chiefly for has a large key and wharf on the wool, for which commodity it is the banks of the river, very commodious greatest market in England. for trade, to which belongs a custom. D The other market-towns are, 1. Comphouse, with proper officers ; but den, 14 miles N. E. of Tewksbury, a bo. the business is now but small, most

rough.towa, governed by 2 bailiffs, &c.

whose market is on Wednesdays, particuof the foreign trade being removed

larly famous for stockings. They have to Bristol. It is 81 computed, and

power to try actions, not exceeding 61. 135. 102 measured miles N." W. from and 4d. The parish is 10 miles in compars. London, and has markets on Wed- It has a fine grammar-School, and good

alms-houses very

well endowed, nesdays and Saturdays. (See a View E

2. Moreton, or Moreton Hindmarsh, of this city in our Magazine for Oc

10 miles S. E, of Campden, had formerly tober, 1749.)

a market on Tue day, but now discontinued. The boroughs are, 1. Tewksbury, 3. Winchcomb, about 8 miles S. E. of about 8 miles N. E. of Gloucester, Tewksbury, fituate in a deep bottom,

small town, with a market on Saturdays. a large and populous town, consisting

Some plantations of tobacco were formerly of 3 high-built streets, from which

made here, but left off fince the act for run several fide lanes. It is almost F prohibiting the growing of it in England. encompafied with the rivers Avon, 4. Cheltenham, 4 miles S. W. famous Carron, Severn and the Swilyate,

for its mineral waters, has a good market which renders it very liable to inun

on Fridays, tho' but a small town.

5. Stow, commonly called Stow on the dations; but this inconvenience is

Would, 3 miles S. W. of Moreton, which amply recompensed by the ilime very altho' it be but a mean town, with few in. richiy manuring the ground, and habitants, and a small market on Thurs• making it exceeding fruitful. The G days, yet the parith is 12 miles in compafs.

It has an alms house and a free-school, and clothing trade is with great industry

is remarkable for its scarcity of wood and and success carried on here. It is an ancierit corporation, governed by 6. Newent, 6 miles N. W. of Gloucer. 24 burgesses, and sending two mem. ter, a tolerable town in the forest of Dean,

with a market on Fridays, bers to parliament, who are chosen

7.

440 A DESCRIPTION of GLOUCESTERSHIRE. OA.

7. Dean, or Michael Dean, 5 miles called a mayor, who is annually chosen at S. W. of Newent, another tolerable town the court leet of the earl of Berkeley. Its in the forest of the same name, consisting market is on Fridays, and it has a noble ch enly of one Areet. The clothing trade frce-school and alms.house. fourished here formerly, but now their 18. Thornbury, 9 miles S. W. of Wot. chief manufacture is pin. making, It has ton, has a market on Saturdays, and the a good market on Mondays.

parifa is 20 miles in circumference. It 8. Colford, 6 miles S. W. of Dean, a- A hath a customary mayor, 12 aldermen and no her town in the same forest. It is but 2 conflables, small, but has a market on Tuesdays.

19. Wickware, 7 miles S. E. of Thorn. 9. Newnhamn, 7 miles S. E, of Colford, bury, a fmall town, but a very ancient a fourth town in Dean forest : It is anrient, corporation, governed by a mayor : Its governed by a mayor, and consists of one market is on Mondays. ftreet of old houses,

20. Chipping. Sodbury, 3 miles S. of 10. Panswick, 6 miles S. E. of Glou. Wickware, fituate at the bottom of the coster, commodiousy situated, in a sweet Downs, and having a very great market air, with the conveniency of wood, wa. B for cheese on Thursdays, which is also well ter, and stone for building. The woollen served with other provifions. manufacture is vigorously carried on here, 21. Marshfield, 7 miles S. of the for. and it has a small market on Tuesdays. mer, a small town, where the woollen

11. Stroud, 3 miles S. of Panswick, a manula&ture is vigorously carried on, and small town, built mostly of stone, and fi. whose market is on Tuesdays. tuate on a hill, at the foot whereof runs 22. Northlech, 10 miles N. E. of Ci. a river of the same name, but usually call- rencester, has a market on Wednesdays, ed Stroud-water, on which are erected c a fair church, and good grammar-school. many fulling-mills, the town being parti- Near this place, at Farmington, is a large cularly famous for making and dying broad. Roman camp, called Norbury, 850 paces cloth. It has a good market on Fridays. long, and 473 broad, the works fingle and

12. Minching. Hampton, about 3 miles not high ; and there is a barrow near it. S. of Stroud, has a small market on Tuel. 23. Fairford, 6 miles S. of Northlech, days,

a small town, having two large bridges over 13. Stanley, 4 miles W. of Minching- the river Coln, and a church with the Hampton, a small town, with a market on finest painted glass windows in England, Saturdays.

D exhibiting several histories both of the old 14. Berkeley, 8 miles W. of Stanley, an and new testament on 28 large windows, antient borough-town, governed by a may. designed by the famous artist Albert Durer, or and aldermen, with a small market on This glass was taken by one John Tame, Tuesdays. It was formerly eminent for a a merchant, in a prize (hip, which was strong castle, where Edward II. was mur. carrying it to Rome. When he brought it dered, and the little room wherein the bome, he purchased the manor of Fairford barbarous fact was committed is still shewn. of K. Henry VII. and built the church on The town gives title of carl to the family E purpose to put this glass up in it, where of the same name.

it has been preserved entire to this time. 15. Dursley, 5 miles S. E. of Berkeley, 24, Lechlade, about 2 miles S. E, of a good town, chiefly inhabited by clothiers, Fairford, a small town on the confines of with a market on Thursdays. It was the Berkshire and Oxfordshire, which takes its antient poffeffion of the Berkeleys, to name from the Lech's unlading or emptying whom it gives the title of viscount.

itself hard by into the Itis or Thames ; be16. Telbury, 10 miles S. E. of Durney, fore which the Thames receives the Churn a considerable town, pleasantly situated up- and the Coln, and after these conjunctions on a rifing ground, and in an healthy air.

F

becomes the chief of the Bricilh rivers. It It is handrimely built and well inhabited, rises near the south borders of this county, 8 is governed by a bailiff, and adorned with or 9 miles N. W. of Cricklade in Wiltshire. a fair market houle; the market, which is At Lechlade abundance of barges are em-” on Wednesdays, being esteemed one of the ployed to carry butter, cheese, &c. to Lonbest in these parts for corn, cattle, cheese, don. Ito market is on Tuesdays. malt, yarn, wool, &c. They also carry Between Bristol and the Severn, in this on a considerable trade in bacon.

county, is Pen-park hole, the entrance into 17. Worlon, or Wotton-under-Edge, G which is down a ragged and rocky tunnel, 10 miles W. of Tetbury, feared on a for 39 yards; after which the hole spreads pleasant and fruitful rising ground, and the to the length of 75 yards, and the breadth parish reaches 12 miles round, filled with oi 41 ; and at the bottom is a large pool the manufactures of woollen goods. It is of water, a preciy, town, and the chief magiftrate is 1

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