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le Bow. By Stephen Hales, D.D. pr. 60, 20. The present State of the Tobacco

Manby

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land.

T. Daviedt
Or GENTLEMAN's Monthly Intelligencer.

For N O V E M B E R, 1751.

To be Continued. (Price Six. Pence each Monch.) Containing, (Greater Variety, and more in Quantity, tben any Monthly Book of rbe ,same Prire.) 1. The Life and Character of Dean Swift,

XIII, Solutions of a Question in Surveying. extracted from the Earl of Orrery's Letters. XIV, Depositions of Witnesses concerning II. Necessity of a prudent Distrust in our the Death of Mr. Blandy. Converse with Mankind.

XV. Substance of his Majesty's Speech. III. Remarks on the Poor-Laws, and Coun. XVI, Addreffes of the two hours, with the ty Work-houses.

King's Answers.
IV. History of the Stadtholdership in Hol. XVII, Reflections on the Tobacco Act.

XVIII. Explanation of the Stationers Alma. V. Quaint Opinions of some Wiseacres in nack.

the Country upon the Alteration of the XIX, Portay: The Society's pickled HerStyle.

rings for ever, a new Ballad ; on the VI. The JOURNAL of a Learned and Politi Death of the Prince of Orange; to Celia ;

cal Club, &c. continued : Containing the Virgin ; to a Lover, who idolized the SPEECHES of Pomponius Atticus, his Mistress ; the Parting ; a Bon Re. Horatius Cocles, and Decius Magius, on pos ; Ode performed in Dublin Caitle, on the Motion for an Address.

the King's Birth-day ; Rebus's ; a new .VII. The Immortality of the Soul defended, Song set to Mulick, &c. &c. against a late Pamphlet.

XX, The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER : VIII. Remarkable Conclusion of Count Ter. Parliament meets ; Malefactors executed, fin's Speech to the Dyer of Sweden.

&c. &c. &c. IX, An Examination of the Strength of se. XXI, Promotions ; Marriages and Births ;

veral of the principal Purging Waters in Deaths ; Bankrupts.
England,

XXII. Prices of Stocks for each Day.
X. Description of Blenheim-House.

XXIII. Monthly Bill of Mortality,
XI. A new Eruption of Mount Vesuvius. XXIV. FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
XII. Dreadful Hurricanes in the West-In XXV, A Catalogue of Books.

dies. With the EFFIGIES of his Royal Highness Prince EDWARD; and a View of BLENHEIM-HOUSE, both beautifully engraved on Copfer.

MULTUM IN PARV 0. LONDON: Printed for R. Baldwin, jun. at the Rose in Pater- Nofier-Row. Of whom may be had, compleat Sets from the Beginning to this Time, neatly Bound, or Sticch'd,

or any single Month to compleat Sets.

C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.

MHE life and character of Dr. Jonathan

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515, 516

516

518

extracted from the earl of Orrery's letters

483 Remarkable conclufion of count Teffin's

speech to the dyet of Sweden 486 Necessity of a prudent distrust in our converfe with mankind

487 Description of Blenheim-house 488 The JOURNAL of a Learned and Political

CLUB, &c. continued 489-499 SPEICH of Pomponius Atticus against the

proposed amendment to the address 489 SPLECH of Horatius Cocles in favour of the amendment

493 SPEECH of Decius Magius on the same fide

497 Remarks on proposals lately made for re

pealing moit of the laws relating to the poor, and for erecting county workhouses

499 Defects in the execution of the poor-laws

501 History of the stadtholdership in Holland, and of the late stadtholder

503 Verses on the death of his serene highness the prince of Orange the late stadtholder

905 Extract of a letter from a gentleman in ihe

country to to his friend in town, re. lating the opinions of some wiseacres

upon the alteration of the style 505 The immortality of the soul defended against a late pamphlet

507 Of self or voluntary motion

ibid. That the soul is immaterial

508 And consequently immortal

509 That it is accountable for its conduct 509,

510 An examination of the strength of several

of the principal purging waters, especi.

ally that of Jessop's well Dr. Adee's opinion of these waters 511 Solutions of a question in surveying

512 Depositions of witnesses relating to Miss

Blandy, and concerning the death of her

father Depofitions and opinion of the surgeon and phyficians, upon opening his body

5'3 Copy of the coroner's inquest 514

Substance of his majesty's speech at the opening of the fellion of parliament

ibid. B The lords address, with his majesty's an(wer

515 The commons address, with the king's

answer Reflections on the tobacco act POETRY. A new song, rung at Marybone gardens, set to mufick

517 To Miss Nanny Th, of Hull ibid. A country dance The virgin, a poem, most humbly infcrib.

ed to Miss Anna Maria W-de ibid. The parting

ibid. To a lover, who idolized his mistress 519 An ode, performed in Dublin calle, on his

majesty's birth day, by the special com. mand of his grace the lord lieutenant

ibid. A bon repos, or the way to Neep well 520 To Celia

ibid. The society's pickled herrings for ever, a

new ballad, as sung at Stationers hall on lord mayor's day

521 Two rebus's

ibid, To Britannicus, on his thoughts on man's free agency, &c.

ibid. The MONTHLY CHRONOLOG ER

523 A new eruption of mount Vesuvius ibid, Dreadful hurricane in the West Indies ibid Matthews committed and examined, in relation to the murder of Mr. Jeffryes

ibid. Malefactors executed.

523 Meeting of the parliament

ibid. Oficers and council of the society of Ane tiquaries

ibid. Terrible hurricane at Jamaica ibid. Explanation of the Stationers almanack

ibid. Marriages and births

524 Deaths

ibid. Ecclefiaftical preferments

525 Promotions civil and military ibid. Persons declared bankrupts

ibid. Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weather

526 Monthly bill of mortality

ibid. FOREIGN AFFAIRS

527 Catalogue of books

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510

512, &c.

528

We tbank our correspondene for preventing our defire et ibe end of bis 014, p. 503, by fenda ing w in time be renainder of be discourse on ccuniy work-bcufis, wbicbjhall certainly be in our next; wben we shall also infere obe ode on virtue's being superior to all external cbarms. W. bave received ebe verses on reading Barclay's apology, and several orber pieces, so wbicb a due regard foall be paide

Τ Η Ε

LONDON MAGAZINE.
For NOVEMBER,

1751.

The Life ond Chara&ter of Dr. JONA unless to turn 'hem into ridicule. The Au.

THAN Swift, late Dean of St. dies which he followed were history and Patrick's, Dublin : Exiracled from tbe poetry : In these he made a great progress; Letters of obe Rigte Honourable John Earl but to all other branches of science he had of Or RE: Y, juft publishea.

given so very little application, that when R. Thomas Swift was he aypeared as a candidate for the degree vicar of Goodridge near

of bachelor of arts, he was set aside on ac. Ross, in Herefordshire, A count of insufficiency : However, he at last M where he enjoyed a pa.

obtained his admiffion ex jpeciali graria ; a ternal estate, which is phrase which in that university carries with still in poffeffion of Deane it the uimost marks of reproach.

Swift, Esq; his great Jonathan was full of indignation at this grandson, Thomas died in 1663, leaving treatment, and therefore resolved to pur. fix sons, the faith of whom, named Jona

sue his ftudies at Oxford ; but that he thon, married Mrs. Abigail Erick of Lei might he admitced ad eundem, he was ob. cestershire, and settled at Dublin, where liged to have a fimonium of his degree

B he had by his wife a daughter, and a son,

from Dublin college, which his uncle Wile the latter born, November the zoch, 1667. liam Swift, whom he calls the best of his The father died two months before the birth relations, got for him. At Oxford they ei. of this son, who was by his mother named ther were not acquainted with what was Jonathan, and became afterwards the fa meant at Dublin by the phrase ex speciali mous dean of St. Patrick's. His mother gratia, and concluded that it signified a de. put him to nurse at Dublin, and his nurse gree conferred in reward of extraordinary being obliged to go over to England, was learning, or they judged better of the gero fond of her nurse-child, that, unknown C nius and knowledge of the candidate ; for to the mother, the carried him with her they immediately admitted him ad eundem, to Whitehaven in Cumberland, where the and he entered himself of Hart- hall, now kept him three years, before the returned Hartford college, where he refided till he with him to Ireland.

took his degree as master of arts in 1691, In the mean time, the mother, who during which time he was chiefly fupported had been left in narrow circumstances, re by Sir William Temple, to whose lady his turned to her relations in Leicestershire, mother was related, which gave birth to having committed the care of her two chil. D William's, without any ground; because

the report of his being a natural son of Sic dren to her husband's eldest brother God. win, who generously undertook the charge, Sir William was employed as a minister aand sent the son, when fix years old, to

broad from 1665 to 1670. (chool at Kilkenny in Ireland, where he After Jonathan left Oxford, he lived continued eight years, and was then ea.

with Sir William Temple at his house at tered a student of Trinity college in Dublin.

Moore park, where he was thrown into a At college young Jonathan lived in per.

long and dangerous illness by a surfeit of fe& regularity, and under an entire obedi. fruit, to which he always ascribed that gid. ence to the statutes ; but the moroseness of E diness in his head, that with intermiffions his temper often rendered 'him very unac.

pursued him till it seemed to compleat its ceptable to his companions, ro that he was conquest, by rendering h m the exact image little regarded, and less beloved : Nor were of one of his own Struldbruggs. As soon the academical exercises agreeable to his ge.

as he was a little recovered, he went, by niu He held logick and metaphyficks in

the advice of his physicians, into Ireland, the utmost contempt, and he scarce confi. to try the effects of his native air, which dered mathematicks and natural philosophy, soon restored him, and he returned to Sir November, 17510

Pppa

William

484 Life and CHARACTER of Dean SWIFT. Nov. William Temple, now settled at Shecne any other of his a&ions. He often went near Richmond, where he had frequent in a waggon, but more frequently walked opportunities of conversing with king Wil. from Holyhead to Leicester, London, or liam, who then offered to make him a cap. any other part of England. He generally tain of horse, but as he had resolved to lift chore to dine with waggoners, hoftlers, himself under the banner of the church, and persons of that rank ; and he used to and as his resolutions, during his whole lie at night in houses where he found writ. life, were, like the decrees of fate, immov. A ten over the door, Lodgings for a Penny. abie, he declined the offer, tho' he often He delighted in scenes of low life. The afterwards seemed sorry to have refused it. vulgar dialect was not only a fund of hu.

Thus determined, he again went over to mour for him, but acceptable to his nature; Ireland, where he took orders, and hav. otherwise we cannot account for the many ing been recommended by Sir William filthy ideas, and indecent expressions, in Temple to lord Capel, then lord deputy, point of cleanliness and delicacy, to be he was preferred by him to the firft vacan found throughout his works. cy, a prebendary, worth about 1ool. a This rambling difpofition occasioned to year, which he soon after resigned to a B him the loss of the rich de anry of Deriy, friend, being naturally averse to folitude which become vacant and was intended for and retirement. Upon this he returned to him by loid Berkeley; but Dr. King, then Sheene, where he lived domestically as usu. bishop of Derry, and afterwards archbishop al, till the death of Sir William Temple, of Dublin, remonstrated lo strongly against who, besides a legacy in money, left to him on this account, that he was set aside, him the care and trust of publishing his and another appointed. pofihumous works.

In 1701, he took his doctor's degree, These works Mr. Swift dedicated to king C but I must not omit, that whilft he was William, but the dedicator as well as dedi. chaplain to lord Berkeley, his only fitter, by cation were neglected by his majesty, who the consent and approbation of her uncles never took the least notice of him after Sir and relations, was married to a man in William Temple's death, nor ever perform trade, whose fortune, character, and fitu. ed a promise he had made, to give Mr. ation, were esteemed, by all her friends, Swift ihe first vacancy that should happen suitable for her in every respect. But, the among the prebe ds of Westminiter or Can. marriage was entirely disagreeable to her terbury, which, probably, occasioned that D brother, who grew outragious at the bitterness towards kings and courtiers, so thoughts of being brother-in-law to a universally dispersed throughout his works. tradesman, and utterly refused all reconci.'

After having long follicited for a perfor. liation, tho' his mother made a journey to mince of this promise in vain, he accepied Ireland, on purpose to bring it about. of an invitation from the earl of Berkeley, Upon queen Anne's acceffion the doctor (appointed one of the lords justices in Ire. came cter to England, and soon attached land) to attend him as his chaplain and pri. himself operly to the tories, which was vate secretary ; but the last of where offices the cause of his continuing without any he was foun divested of by the artifice of E publick notice, except as an auther, until one Bum, whom the car) appointed recre. the year 1709 ; when his peculiar talents tary in hi; room. However, his lordship of levelling his writings to the lowest, and gave him two livings in Ireland, Laracor, fattaining their dignity to the highest capa. worth about :col, and Rathbeggan, worth city, recommended him to the notice of the about Ecl. a year,

At the first he went to carl of Oxford, who adopted him as a reside, and gave publick notice, that he particular friend and companion; and from would read prayers on every Wednesday that time the doctor became a champion for and Friday. Accordingly, the subsequent

F

the tory ministers, whose cause he itrenu. Wednesday he attended in his desk, when ously maintained in pamphlets, poems, and after having late some time, and find. weekly papers. It is thought, that the ing the congregation to confill only of queen intended an English biloprick for himself and his ciek Roger, he began him, as he always most ardently defired a with great composure and gravily, Dearly settlement in England; but by Dr. Sharpe, bilived Roger, obe firipture moveib you and archbiMop of York, and by a lady of the 622 in fundry places, & c. and ro proceeded highest rank and character, he was repre. icgularly through the whole service. sented to her majesty as a person who was

A strict relidence ar Laracor, was not in G not a christian, which he resented as long the left suitable to his difpofition. He as he lived, and tho he kept himself with. was perpetually making excurfions, not in fome tolerable hovods when he spoke of ody to Dublin, and other parts of Ireland, the queen, yet his indignation knew no libut also into England, to see his mother at mits, when he mentioned the archbishop or lurilier, or his friends at London. his manner of travelling was as fingular as

But

the lady.

Thus,

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