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ROM Naples we had the following account: In the afternoon of October 23, we were alarmed with the fhock of an earthquake ; and on the 25th, the wind fhifting to the north-west, a black and thick (moke was feen to iffue with great rapidity from the aperture of mount Vefuvius: In the evening flames were perIceived, and to increase so that the whole crater feemed in a blaze. On the 26th, a cleft was perceived a little below the fummit, and a stream of ignited matter gufhing from it like a river of flame. Next day the appearance of Vesuvius was quite tremendous; the inflamed torrent, after making a channel, had divided itself into other ftreams, which impetuously continued their course among the fields, farms and vineyards, which lie betwixt the mountain and the fea. Princess Efterhafi, the imperial ambassadrefs, more intent upon the causes, than frightened at this phænomenon, did not mifs a day going to that part of the mountain where the ignited fubftance bent its courfe, taking with her fome perfons of learning for her information, and from thence the came down along the grounds thro' which the ftream had taken its way to the fea. The channel which it has made is above 500 feet in breadth, and the fediment left in it is of a fulphureous substance, which dries into the hardness of a stone.
By a later account we were told, that a new opening appeared on the east fide of this mountain, from whence issued a torrent of fire, which extended itself to Bosco Reale, which is about five miles. This caufed an incredible damage to the towns, villages, and houses thereabouts, and has fo frighted the inhabitants of the neighbouring places, that they have all left their dwellings. The queen went to Portici, to take a nearer view of the cruption of this mountain.
A dreadful hurricane happened in the West Indies the 8th of September laft. It was felt more or lefs in all the islands, but more feverely at Antigua than any other place. All the hips and veffels were dove afhore, and feveral of them loft; the government's magazine was blown down, and abundance of stores destroyed or damaged, as were likewife a great number of mills. At St. Kitt's divers fhips were forced on fhore, but others cut their cables and drove out to fea, and
have been fince heard of at Guardaloupe, St. Thomas's, and Tortola, where they arrived fafe. Among other perfons killed at St. Kitt's by this dreadful hurricane, they take notice of Mr. Mills, an eminent planter, who was buried under the ruins of his houfe. In short, they reckon the damage done in our fugar islands by this ftorm, does not fall short of 200,000l.
FRIDAY, Nov. 1.
His royal highnefs, prince Edward, (fecond fon of his late royal highness Frederick prince of Wales) who was lately indifpofed with an abfcefs, and was attended by Dr. Wilmot, Dr. Lee, Dr. Shaw and Dr. Duval, and by Mr. Middleton Mr. Cæfar Hawkins and Mr. Sharp, furgeons, was fo well recovered, that this morning, he, with his elder brother, George prince of Wales, attended by fome noblemen, took the benefit of the air on horfeback, and at noon went to St. James's palace And about the middle of the month, these two royal brothers were again at St. James's, to pay a vifit to his majefty, and continued there a confiderable time. Of this hopeful youth, prince Edward, now in the 13th year of his age, we have given the EFFIGIES in our Magazine for this month.
One Thomas Matthews was committed to Clerkenwell Bridewell by Sir Samuel Gower, on a violent fufpicion of being concerned in the murder of Mr. Jofeph Jeffreyes, on the 3d of July laft, at Walthamstow in Effex, (fee p. 330.) for which murder John Swan, the man-fervant, and Elizabeth Jeffryes, neice to the faid late Mr Jeffryes, were indicted at the last affizes at Chelmsford, (fee p. 378.) and are now in that goal in order to take their trials at the next affizes. When before the magiftrate he voluntarily made an information, that the abovesaid John Swan offered him 8ool. in prefence of Elizabeth Jeffryes, if he would murder the deceased Mr. Jofeph Jeffryes; and the faid Eliza beth Jeffryes affured him at the fame time, that he fhould have the money if he did the bufinefs; and that the advised him to undertake the jobb: That on his afking them, (John Swan and Elizabeth Jeffryes) how it was to be done, they told him, he might shoot him at any time as he came home of an evening: That, on his refufing to undertake it, John Swan then fwore he would do it himself, This was
His Royal Highnets
For the London Magazine.
Printed for R. Baldwin Jun" at the Rose in Pater Noster Row.
The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER
a few days before Mr. Jeffryes was shot ; but he did not swear that it was Swan that did fhoot him, or who did; because, he fays, he went away out of the neighbour. hood of Walthamstow a few days before the faid murder was committed,
This Matthews was committed to Cerkenwell Bridewell by Sir Samuel Gower, along with the abovenamed John Swan, on the 20th of June laft, 14 days before the murder was perpetrated, for being found with a brace of piftols upon them, a powder horn with gunpowder therein, and a pair of rich ear rings in a fhagreen cafe; and for his discharge Elizabeth Jeffryes appeared the next day before the said justice, and faid the earings were hers, and the piftols her uncle's, which Swan, who was her uncle's fervant, was carrying, by order, to be cleaned; upon which, on a re-examination, they were both difcharged, and the paid their fees.
The ftate lottery began drawing at Guildhall.
Of the ten malefactors condemned the Jaft feffions at the Old Bailey, (fee p. 475.) the fix following were this day executed at Tyburn, viz. Alexander Byrne, James Malone, Terence Mac-Cane, William Holmes, John Newton, and Francis Mandeville. The under fheriff attended the execution, which was performed with great decency and order. A great number of failors, and others, appearing armed with bludgeons, under pretence of refcuing their acquaintances from the furgeons, were, by order of the sheriff, difarmed, and the bodies of the unfortunate criminals were cut down and delivered to their friends, with the fame peace and order as they were executed. Five high conftables, and upwards of 200 petty conftables and headboroughs, attended. Samuel Bacon, Emanuel Clarke, and Wefton Rakes were reprieved for transportation for life. And no report was made to his majesty, by the recorder, of Elizabeth Wills, on account of her pregnancy. (See their feveral crimes in the place above referred to.) THURSDAY, 14.
The king went to the houfe of peers, with the usual state and folemnity, and the commons being fent for up and attending, his majesty opened the feffion with a most gracious fpeech to both houses. (See p. 514.)
The fame day, at the mitre tavern in Fleet-freet, was opened the new charter of the fociety of antiquaries; and in it were found named as officers, Martin Folkes, Efq; prefident, Charles Compton, Efq; treafurer, John Ward, L. L. D. and Pr. Rhet. Greh. director, and Mr. Jofeph Ames, fecretary. The council were lords Fitz. williams and Willoughby of Brooke, Sir John Evelyn, and Sir Jofeph Ayleffe, barts.
Sir Clement Cotterel Dormer, knt. Samuel Gale, Efq; Cromwell Mortimer, M. D. Jeremiah Mills, D. D. Richard Rawlinfon, L. L. D. James Theobalds, Efq; Mr. George Vertue, Edward Umfreville, Philip. Carteret Webb, James Weft, and Daniel Wray, Efqrs. Brown Willis, L. L. D. and Philip Yorke, Efq; who proceeded to bufinefs, and re elected all the other old members, as impowered by the great feal. (See P. 475.)
The Rt. Hon. the house of peers prefented their humble addrefs of thanks to his majefty for his most gracious speech from the throne. (See this address with his majesty's answer, p. 515.)
The humble addrefs of the Hon. house of commons was this day prefented to the king; (which fee, together with his majefly's anfwer, p. 515, 516.)
The anniversary of the birth of her royal highness the princefs dowager of Wales was celebrated, who then entered into the 33d year of her age.
This night was the eclipfe of the moon, of which we gave a type and calculation in our laft, p. 466. It was very visible from the clearness of the fky at that time. I began a little after 8, and ended about 11. Eight digits of the 12 were eclipfed. FRIDAY, 22.
The Hon. Alexander Murray, Efq; was again ordered into custody by the house of
About this time an account was brought from Jamaica, of a dreadful hurricane that happened there on Sept. 11. It began about one in the morning and lafled till 12. Near 30 fhips and veffels were loft, fome with their whole crews; and a great many lost their mafts, and were otherwife very much damaged, with the lofs of part of their crews. All the fugar canes were lodged, and many houses and all the Negro huts were blown down. One white man, and several Negroes were killed by the falling of the houses. Most of the wharfs in Kingston were blown away, or greatly damaged; likewife thofe to the windward and leeward gone, with feveral houfes. Most of the canes in the canepieces were either lodged or washed away; many works deftroyed, and feveral Ne groes, cattle, &c. killed.
EXPLANATION of the STATIONERS
This Almanack is ornamented with a curiously engraven head-piece, defigned by Mr. S. Wale, representing K. Edward III. holding in his right hand a garter, which the countess of Salisbury dropt in dancing; Uuu 2
MARRIAGES, DEATHS, &c.
the lady's confufion; the lively fenfe the king had of it; with the fneers of the courtiers on that occafion, are all here delicately touched, and the different paffions admirably well expreffed.-From this incident the most noble order of the garter was first instituted, in the year 1350. It is a military order, confifting of 26 knights, or companions, generally all peers, princes, whereof the king of England is fovereign; and there have been 8 emperors, and 28 foreign kings, befides princes, of this order fince its inftitution. They wear a garter fet with precious stones on the left leg, with this motto, Honi foit qui mal y penfe, q. d. Shame to him who thinks vil bereof.
MARRIAGES and BIRTHS. Da, 26. DWARD Hollis, Efq; poffefs'd of a large estate in Herefordshire, to Mifs Theodofia Fenning, an heiress.
Stephen Thompson, Efq; an eminent merchant, to the fecond daughter of the late Dr. Hall, phyfician to the CharterHouse
31. Rev. Mr. Thomas Lowe, chaplain : of Chelfea-college, and rector of Epworth, in Lincolnshire, to Mifs Elizabeth Furye, youngest daughter of Peregrine Furye, Efq;
Mr. Haycock, an eminent apothecary and furgeon at Stoke- Newington, to Mifs Godfrey, daughter of Edward Godfrey, of Hampstead, Efq; a 10,ocol. fortune.
Mr. Ifaac Lamprey, an eminent merchant in Tower-fireet, to Mifs Lownds, of Ware, in Hertfordshire.
Samuel Stevens, Efq; of Ham, in Effex, to Mifs Ifabella Andrews, of Bow.
Nov. 6. Richard Vaughan, of the Middle-Temple. Efq; only fon and heir of the Hon. John Vaughan, Efq; knight of the fire for Caermarthenshire, to Mifs Margaretta Elizabeth Phillipps, an heiress of 30,cool. fortune.
7. Thomas Phillips, Efq; poffeffed of a sonfiderable eftate in Shropshire, to Mifs Floyd, of Mortlake, an heirefs.
9. Mr. Richard Siddall, chemist, in Panton-ftreet, to Mifs Sukey le Febre, fourth daughter to John le Febre, of Tottenham, Efq;
10. Martin Jarvis, Efq; a merchant of this city, to Mifs Sarah Coates, of New Bond-ftreet,
15. Anthony Afkew, Efq; M. D. eldest fon of Dr. Andrew Askew, an eminent phyfician at Newcastle upon Tyne, to Mifs Swinburn, a 10,000l. fortune,
16. Mr. Lyde Brown, an eminent refiner in Fofter. Lane, to Mifs Barwell, of Bread-freet, a 10,000l. fortune.
William Chetwynd, jun. Efq; member of parliament for Stockbridge in Hampthire,
to Mifs Cope, youngest daughter of Sir Jonathan Cope, bart. in Oxfordshire.
17. Edward Burges, Efq; of Hindon, to Miss Judith Brown, of St. James'sftreet, a 15,000l. fortune.
John Fielding, Efq; to Mifs Elizabeth Whittingham, of Staffordshire.
24. Thomas Briftow, Efq; of Gray'sInn, to Mifs Fanny Lee, of Bloomsbury. The marriage of Mr. Lloyd, of Golden-lame, mentioned in Auguft loft, was a mistake.
Nov. 5. The lady of Barnaby Backwell, Efq; delivered of two daughters.
8. The lady of Charles Talbot, Efq; of a fon and heir.
The lady of Jofeph Gulston, jun. Efq; of a daughter,
14. The wife of James Piercy, a very honest industrious man, at Old Brentford, of three boys, chriftened Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and likely to live; and that day I months the fame woman had 3 boys and a girl at a birth.
17. The lady of General Winyard, of a daughter.
18. The lady of Sir Thomas Parkyns, bart, of a daughter.
22. Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave, daugh ter to the earl Gower, and wife of the Hon. col. Waldegrave, of a son and heir. 25. The lady of Sir Edmund Wallish, of a fon and heir.
R. Alexander Raite, pro
M feffor of philofophy, in the
King's College, Aberdeen.
28. Thomas Place, Efq; one of the pages of the bedchamber to his majesty.
Mrs. Briftow, aged about 80, mother to John Bristow, Efq; deputy governor of the S. S. company, and to William Bristow, Efq; one of the commiffioners of the revenue in Ireland, to the counters of Effingham, counters of Buckingham, Mrs. Dashwood of Suffolk, and two daughters unmarried; and grandmother to John Ward, of Wefterham, in Kent, Efq;
31. Rev. Mr. Pordage, fubdean of the king's chapel, rector of St. Fagan's, in Glamorganfhire, and clerk in orders of St. George's, Hanover-fquare.
Nov. 1. Hon. col. Thomas Lafcelles, late furveyor general of the ordnance, in the 82d year of his age. He was also chief engineer of Great Britain, and deputy quarter mafter general of all his majesty's forces. He had been 63 years in the fervice of his king and country, was at the glorious battle at the Boyne, and dan gerously wounded at Hockstet. He underwent the fatigue of 21 campaigns, and was prefent at 36 engagements.
6. John Selwyn, Efq; member of par. liament for the city of Gloucefter: He was treasurer