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590 Remainder of the OBSERVATIONS on BEES. App. . this, are we sure, that our brave countrymen fores to our enemies there, or to proteet of that province will submit to this in. the thips they employ in filhing upon those croachment on their frontier? Are not coasts, contrary to the treaty of Utrecht. the French now amusing us with orders But I shall trouble you no more, Sir, upon for an evacuation of the neutral iNands in this fubje&, until it comes properly before the West Indies, and yet at the same time

you. planting and fortifying those idands every

[This JOURNAL to be continued in our day more and more? Are they not now A Magazine for sbe Montb of January, 1752.] extending their trade, and building new forts upon the coast of Africa ? Have they 4808

卷發發發發静态發!發!善举發然發發發發 not built one lately at Anamaboe? And to crown all, Sir, do not we continue to al- Remainder of tbe Discourse concerning BEES, low them to improve and fortify the port &c. in a Letter from Arthur Dobbs, Esq; of Dunkirk, notwithstanding the motion (See p. 562.) Jaft reffion against it? But the French are F this, inward fubftance of the farina, not the only people that insult us : The 0

diluted with water, after digestion, Spaniards, whila they are negotiating, and B is formed the bouillée and jelly, which even concluding unmeaning treaties with the bees discharge upwards by the mouth, us, continue to seize our ships, and to de. into the cells, to nourith the young bees Troy our lawful trade in America. Did

until they become nymphæ ; whilft the not the very last ships from thence bring

hulk or outer coat is discharged by the us an account of two new seizures made

anus, and becomes the genuine wax. by them? In such circumstances, Sir, is it

I have frequently, when bees have been proper, is it prudent for us to diminish the

swarming, had them alight upon my hands number of our seamen upon any account C and cloaths; and many, at different times, whatsoever ?

have discharged their fæces thereupon : Sir, as I have already rewn, that the This I have taken off, and found it of true reason for our keeping up a body of the confiftence of warm wax, with the feamen in time of peace, is to prevent our fame glutinous adhering quality, not crumbeing forced to distress our trade upon any bling like the farina. I have also diftin.' rupture ; and as I am sure, that we can

guished it by the smell to be wax; but never spare to keep up too great a number it had a heavier, stronger smell, as it. of seamen in time of peace, I must think was fresh and warm from the bee, my Hon. friend was in the right, to move D What further confirmed me in this for your leaving the chair ; because this

fact, was from my observation of the article of publick expence, which is usually bees when working up their comb in a the first, ought, I think, to be the last glass hive ; where I have constantly seen provided for by parliament. We shall then (and must believe it impossible not to be sec, what sum of money the house thinks observed by lo accurate an observer as M. can be raised within the year : We thall Reaumur) that several bees, soon after one see what other services may be thought ab. another, have by hafty steps,' walked folutely neceffary ; and the whole refidue, E along a comb then forming, for the be it never so large, ought to be applied to- length of 2 or 3 cells, bending their tails wards keeping in pay a body of brave and to the comb, and striking with a wrigexpert seamen for the ensuing year. For gling motion from fide to fide, in a zigthis reason I second my Hon. friend's mo- zag way ; which I was convinced was tion; and when another Hon. friend of discharging their fæces, or the wax, amine thinks proper to move for an inquiry gainst the border of the cells, as they ran into our last year's conduct upon the coast along, and repeated it as long as they had of Africa, and that of Nova Scotia, he

f any to discharge, and then quit it, which may depend upon me for the same favour; is the reason why the outward border of for the Hon. gentleman who spoke last, in the cells is so thick and strong : And im. a manner confessed, that there were no mediately afterwards, other bees came men of war upon the coast of Africa, along the cells, and with their fore feet when he said, that two were failed thither, raised up the borders like pafte, and thin. but could not say, that they were arrived, ning it, whilst other bees were ripping off which is a proof of their having but lately with their teeth, and pruning away any failed; and another Hon. gentleman told irregular excrescences, so as to make the us in this debate, that there were last year G divifions of the cells vastly, thinner than but three floops upon the coast of Nova the borders or edges, which were always Scotia, when at the same time there were thick and flrong, from the discharging the five French men of war there ; which, I fæces or wax upon them. fuppose, were sent thither, either to pro- M. Reaumur has very jusly observed, tee the chips employed in carrying warlike that, belides the 3 transparent smooth

eyes,

591

1751. Queen-Bee, Drone, and working Bee. eyes, which the bee has placed in a tri- the bee has gathered more, and lodged angle bel wixt the antennæ on the top it on the fore kgs; so that all are in conof its head, the bee has allo on each side ftant motion, its head an eye, or rather a multitude of From the curious observations made by eyes, formed by a number of diftin&t lens's M. Reaumur, apon the structure and besurrounded each with short hairs, which haviour of the queen or mother bee, the are confirmed to be eyes, both from Swam- drone or male bee, and the working or merdam, and his own experiments to A mule bee, which is of neither sex ; trom de er mine it ; and that, notwithstanding the queen bee's being so exceeding pro. these leos's are lined with a dark opaque lifick, as to lay from 30 to 40,000 eggs substance, yet they affist so much their of working bees in a season ; besides the vision, that when daritened by paint laid eggs of 8oo male bees, and of 8 or 10 qver them, the bees could not find their

queen or mother bees ; and from the way to their hive, tho' at a small distance, coldness of the male bee, who so long but roared directly upwards ; nor could reûfts the caresses of the queen or female they find their way, when the 3 smooth bee; and also from the indefatigable la

B eyes were darkened.

bour and economy of the working bee, But there is one observation, which I to nourinh the young bees, make up the do not find he has made, which may combs, and lay in stores of farina and have determined the garden bees to make honey for winter ; I think very good almost all their cells imperfect hexagons, reasons may be given why the queen The observation is this ; that these opaque should have a seraglio of some hundreds eyes on each Gde of the head, confint of of male bees; and why the working bee many lens's, each of which is a perfect should destroy the males, when no longer hexagon; and the whole eye, when C necessary to impregnate the eggs of the viewed in a microscope, appears exactly mother bee. like a honeycomb : Now, as the eyes It is evident, from the ceconomy of composed of these hexagonal lens's, are the garden bee, that Providence has apin full view to the other bees, does it pointed that they should mare their store not seem that Providence has directed them with mankind, by making them ru ine so as to be a pattern set before them, for duftrious in every climate, as to provide, the bees to follow in forming their combs ? in tolerable reasons, a store of honey and Is it not allo reasonable to believe, from: D wax, double of what is necessary for their the disproportion of the convexity betwixt fubfiftence during the winter, and of the three smooth transparent eyes, and combs for the queen's laying her eggs the lens's of the dark rough eyes, that in spring, before new work can be made. they are appointed for different purposes ? From the vast number of eggs which the Why may it not be thought that i he lens's queen lays in a reason, it is absolutely are great magnifiers, to view things nigh necessary that the should have a great at hand, and by many reflexions to con. store of male sperm, to impregnate hier vey light into the dark hives, where eggs , and as the eggs are

not sen. light is still necessary; and that the 3 E fibly large in her body for 6 months after other eyes are to observe objects at a great her coition with the males, who die, or distance, so as to conduct them abroad are killed, in August, and the does not to fields at a distance, and back again to begin to lay from that time till February their hives?

or March ; it is therefore necs (Tary' that I agree with M. Reaumur in the form

Me Tould have a great store of male and use of the fang or tromp of the work- sperm within her, to impregnate all the ing bee, and of the use of the mouth

eggs ne lays from that time, until Junc within the teeth of the bee ; so that it

F or July, when young drones or males does not fuck, but laps or licks with its are harch'd, who are not defigned for rough fang or tromp, like a dog. But I her use, but for the young queens,

who have never observed the bee nipping or go off with the swarms, or for the young breaking open the apices of Aowers, to queen who succeeds the old one in the let out the farina, when it it not fully old hive ; since the drones are great blown or open ; but have often with feeders, and no workers, and are of no pleasure observed the bee gathering the use, but to give a sufficient store of sperm farina upon its fang, by licking it off the to the mother bee; as the working bees apices, and laying it upon the first pair G have so many enemies to deprive them. of legs, which convey it to the second of their ftoie, they cannot be maintained

pair, and there lodge it upon the pallet during the winter, even if their life should of the third pair, with surprising brisk- last so long ; and as it is probable e:ch ness ; so that, by the time the second male has hut one act of coition with the pair has lodged it upon the third pair, queen, as they are so cold, and take so Appendix, 1751

much

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592

Remainder of the account of AMELIA. App: much careffing before they act, and, by may be ftupefied; and the bees in the M. Reaumur's observation, die soon after empty hive being put on a table, the the act is over, when, probably, the whole comb, may be taken out and selected at store of sperm is exhaused in that act, . leisure, without hazard ; and afterwards as soon as the queen has got as much the empty hive may be turned up, and sperm lodged in the proper reservoir, as their old hive set over them, so that is sufficient to impregnale all her future they will go up without seruple in'o their eggs, the males are no longer of ule; A former hive, and repair their work, by and if those who have acted, die, thole making new combs : And if the queen who have ror, being of no further use, had not quitted the old hive, as is often are killed by the working bee, out of the case, then they would return to their ceconomy to lave their winter store, when, queen, and the society would not be lon, probably, by nature they could live but as is sometimes the case, in driving into few days more ; as we find the fi!'k

an empty hive. worm moth dies soon after the eggs are laid, as well males as females. It lies Conclufion of obe Account of the Novel of therefore necessary that the queen Should B AMELIA. (See p. 530.) breed so many males, as, by one act of EFORE the lerjeant returned with coition from each, may impregnate all the bad news to Mr. Booth, he was her eggs, and that the working bce should informed of ic hy the bailiff, who had dispatch them, as soon as that is over, and been that morning with the colonel, and a Nore is lodged.

upon the colonel's refuting, he began to There are two vessels described by treat his prifoner with infolence, on which Swammerdam in the mother bee, and Mr. Booth collar'd him, and gave him of which is placed betwixt the two lobes c such a fhove, as frightned him. On this of the ovarium, which he supposes to be he presently called up two or three of his a bladder to contain air ; the other is followers, and was just going to carry him a spherical vestcl, seated close by the com- to Newgale, when the ferjeant entered ;' mon duct, in which the eggs fall from and soon aster, Dr. Harrison himself, with the lebes of the ovarium, which he sup- an attorney, and the house. keeper proposes is to ocze cut a juice to moisten cured by the serjeant, who joined with the the eggs in their paffage. I take one of doctor in a bail bond, and Mr. Booth was there, but most prubably the last, to discharged ; for the ferjeant having met be the reservoir and repository of the male D Dr. Harrison in the ftreet, he carried him sperm, wherein it is lodged from the act of to see Amelia, from whom he soon learnt coition, until the eggs are inlarged, and the falfhood of all he had heard, and upon pass thro' the adjoining du&t from two that he not only got her hufband discharglobes of the ovarium.

ed, but afterwards paid all the debts he Since the preservation and increase of then owed. bees are evidenily beneficial to the pub. Presently after Mr. Booth returned, and lick, I approve very much of M. Reau. while Dr. Harrison was with him at bis mur's instructions in driving bees from E lodgings, col. James entered, and cho' the a full hive into an empty one, in care colonel's visit was defigned to Amelia, it can be done time enough to have new without knowing any thing of her huss work, fufficient for the queen to lay band's return before he entered the houfe, her eggs in in the spring ; since they can be yet he with much gaiety went directly up fed at very little expence, if care be taken to Booth, embraced him, and expreffed to keep them in a middle state of Nupe. great satisfaction at finding him there, taction, neither too hot nor cold, during then made an apology for not attending the winter : But I approve much more him in the morning, and declared he in of his caftrating or sharing the combs with F tended it in the afternoon; and the doo the bees, by taking the combs bct stored tor and he being made acquainted, he inwith honey, and leaving those wherein vited him and Mr. Booth, and his lady, are the nymphæ and bee bread; but think, to dine with him next day, which both in taking the combs, a safer and eafier way the doctor and Booth promised ; but as may be caken, than he directs : His me- Amelia was now convinced of the colo. thod is to stupefy the bees with smoke, nel's villainous design, me seemed a little to oblige chein 10 croud together in displeased with the promise her husband the crown of the hive, and then turn. G had made, tho' me durft not refuse going, ing up the hive, and cutting out the or tell him the reason of her being dircombs filled with honey. Now I pleased, for fear of its producing a duel, think, that turning up the full hive, and Accordingly they all dined there that day, setting an empty hive upon it, and dri- and next morning Mr. Booth, at the ceving the bees into it, is preferable to Ionel's defire, went to wait on him, when smoking : For then a very few bees will the colonel told him, that there was a remain in the full hive, and those few

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1751. Account of the Novel of A MELIA.

593 company then vacant in America, which make her a visit. The colonel luon after he would not only procure for him, but came up to him, and newed him the lady would lend him money to piy all his he had taken for Amelia, at the same time debts, on a bond not to be paid till he was informing him, that the domino along colonel of a regiment; but all this on con- with her was the noble peer, her lover, dition, that he should leave his wife and and that they had been filling there togechildren tshind him, and if he pleased, ther the whole night. Whilft he was lookthey should be welcome to Nay with his A ing nedfaltly at her, me beckonid to him wife til his return, which mould be as with her fan, on which he went directly foon as he could get him provided for at to her, and the asked him to go home, home.

which he readily agreed to, and they went This proposal Mr. Boath with great in two chairs to his lodgings. The lady unealiness communicated to Amelia for her getting first out of the chair ran haftily up approbarion ; but Me insisted upon going into the nursery, as was Amelia's custom, with him wherever he went ; and Dr. and he went into the dining room, where Harrison coming in, he joined with Mr.

B

Amelia foon came to him, in her usual Booth in folliciting her consent; so that at dress, and found him very peevish, which last the found herself obliged to make a surprised her. At last he asked her, who confident of the doctor, and having fent that gentleman or nobleman was with for him, communicated her recret realon whom me had lat ro long at the marque. to him, by informing him of col. James's sade? And the not being able to satisfy criminal plot against her virtue, where. him, she was at last obliged to tell him, upon the defired his advice ; but the doc. that she was not there, but had privately tor, after highly commending her cor.duct, whipt her domino upon Mrs. Atkinson faid he would take time to think of it. C who went along with them in her stead; Next day Mrs. James paid a morning visit and the being called down in her ma'que. to Amelia, and carried her and Mr. Booth rade diess, confirmed what Amelia had said, to lady Betty Carleton's morning rout, which fausfied Mr. Booth, and made him, where Booth met with his old acquaintance if possible, more in love with his wife capt. Trent, and Amelia was addressed by than he had ever been before, her former lover, the noble lord, with as At this masquerade col. James dropt by much freedom, as if he thought that she accident out of his pocket a very serious knew nothing to his advantage ; but as D and religious letter, without any name to he found her very much upon the reserve, it, which had been wrote to him by Dr. he foon let her, and are prevailed on her Harrison, against the crime of adultery ; husband to return home, after he had loft and this letter coming to the hands of Mr. Give guineas at cards.

Booth, who knew the doctor's hardVOL. IV.

writing; as soon as he found it had been Col. James having presented two mala sent to the colonel, he began to fufpect querade tickets to Mr. Booth, aod made a the treachery of his friend, and resolved to party for himself and Mrs. James, Mr. take the first opportunity to get him to read Booth and Mrs. Booth to go together, Mr. E it in his presence, in order to discover from Booth infifted upon his Amelia's going ; his countenance, whether he was guilty or and accordingly, as Mr. Booth thought, no; but in the mean time, having gone to they all went together from his lodgings. the tavern with capt. Trent, and some At the marquerade they soon separated, other officers, where they engaged at and a domino accosted the supposed Ame. cards, Mr. Booth loft by betting not only lia, carried her to the further end, and all the money he had in his pocket, buc they sat down together, whom the foon sol. he had borrowed from Trent. Next discovered to be her old lover the peer, 'f day Trent told him, he did not want his who presently began to make vehement money, and should never ask it, if he was love, but applied more to her avarice and never able to pay ; and as Mrs. Trent had ambition than to any softer passion. In a been to visit Mrs. Booth, Mr. Trent inlittle time col. James came up, and pre. vited Mr. Booth and his lady to sup with tended to know her, but the positively in- him the next evening ; and that night lie fifted the knew nothing of him, which and Trent went to the tavern by themmade him think he was mistaken ; so that selves, where Trent began to infinuate, he went about for a long time in search of that he might make his fortune by sacri. Amelia without finding her. As to Mr. G ficing his wife to the noble lord before. Booth, he was soon picked up by a lady in mentioned, or at least by getting her to the dress of a Mhepherders, who at lalt dir- play the jilt towards his lo dihip, which covered herself to be Miss Mathews; and Booth said he disdained, and from thence he had no way to prevent her exposing an to conceive no very good opinion of both him and herle!f but by promilling to his friend.

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594 Account of the Novel of A MELIA. App.

Whilst they were together, Amelia re- do much, but would do nothing without ceived a moft passionate love-letter from the money in hand. This Mr. Booth the noble lord, in which he talked of their complied with, and the lieu'enant was too having been together, and of her having go to Mr. Trent, to make an excu'e, and rollicited him for a commission to her friend, to obtain forbearance ; but Trent was no which was inclosed. This surprised Ame- where to be found. lia, as the know nothing of the matter ; Whilft Mr. Booth was gone in rearch but Mrs. Atkinson, upon seeing that the A of their servant wench, who had marched commission was for her husband, began to off that morning, and carried most of the rejoice, and said, Madam, as I was ac. things her mistress had left along with her, coited by the peer, as soon as I went into Mrs. Atkinson came in, looking like a the masquerade, and found that he took woman distracted, and told her, that Mr. me for you, I encouraged a little his ad. Atkinson's concern at their quarrel had dresses, which were very warm and full of thrown him into a fever, which was so promises of what he would do ; and as a violent, that the physicians had given him testimony of the fincerity of his promises, 1 sollicited him for a committion for Asa B here

and that he begged to speak with

her . At the fame time the kinson, which he promised, and which told her, that the had been with the noble you now see he has performed. Amelia lord, and had explained to him the whole thought her character might fuffer by this affair of the masquerade ; so that her chameans, and therefore began to find fault racter was not now in any danger on that" with what Mrs. Atkinson had done ; on account. Amelia went dire&tly with her, which the latter, now proud of being an and Mr. Atkinson, after every one was oficer's wise, flew into a passion, and was withdrawn, told her, that it was he scolding at Amelia, when Atkinson came C that had stolen her little picture, which in and Booh returned from the tavern; The had missed before her husband went upon this Alkinson carried his wife out of to Gibraltar: That it was not on account the room, and pacified her a little ; but of the value of it, but that he might have Booth declared he would stay no longer in her lovely image always in view ; and that house, and accordingly left it next' as he could not die in peace while he morning.

had it in his possession, he then restored After Mr. Booth had settled his family it to her. in their new lodging, he in his walks me D damfel he went in search of, and got

Mr. Booth, by chance, met with the a brave old lieutenant, then retired on halfpay, who had never got higher in the all his his wife's things restored ; but army, because he had nothing but his me- as he was returning home, he met with rit to recommend him ; and from this Miss Mathews in her chair, who as lieutenant he learned the whole history of roon as she saw him, bolted out, and capt. Trent, which was, that he had ra. would part with him upon no condicrificed his own wife to the noble lord, tion, but that of his promising to sup that he was now a sort of procurers for with her that night ; for, says she, tho' his lordship, and that she at his expence E I have failed in my first attempt, if you kept an affembly for that very purpore. do not, I will take care not to fail in

Mr. Booth having sent his excuse for not my second, to communicate your usage supping with capt. Trent that evening, the of me to your wise. Upon this Mr. Booth capcain, notwithstanding his promise, fent dcfired her to explain herself, and she him a dunning letter next morning, which freely told him, Me had wrote to his wife laid him under a necessity of opening the a full account of their affair, but was now! whole secret of his misfortune to his dear glad it had miscarried. As he was afraid Amelia, who, without the least heftation, p of nothing so much as of his wife's hearing and with alacrity, offered to pawn all the of this affair, he was obliged to promise little trinkets me had left, and even her to sup with her, and resolved to keep his wearing apparel, to raise the money, which promise ; but with a determined purpose, The accordingly did, while he was gone to not to answer the fair lady's expectations, an appointment with one belonging to the whatever might be the event. war-office, who pretended he could get Before his return to his lodgings, Amelia' Jum a commission, and upon his return, having recovered her picture, which was me brought him the money he wanted, set in gold with some small diamonds with which he joyfully went to pay Trene, Ground it, and raised nine guineas upon but found him not at home ; and in his it, she had provided a supper for him, return, meeting the old lieutenant before. which he little expected, as he had left mentioned, was over-persuaded by him, her without so much as one Milling ; but to give that money to his friend at the with grief he told her, that he could not war.office, who, he assured him, could Sup with her, being engaged about bufi.

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