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1751.

MISCHIEFS of SUPERSTITION. it with inhabitants, and that we it makes them rise against their should have a greater number of Prince. The oppofition of philofomanufacturers and soldiers : This is phers to the laws of their prince is what every person wilhes for, from without example : A single age catia the prince of the blood to the vine. not be found in which superstition labourer. To this, fuperftition a. and enthusiasm have not caused moft lone formerly made an opposition ; A dreadful havock. but reason submitted to faith crushes There is no example of troubles fuperftition.

and diffenfions happening, when the The prince may, by a single prince hath been absolute master of word, prevent at least that vows the ecclesiastical policy : We hardly should be made before the age of meet with any thing else but diftar25: And mould any one ask the so- bances and calamities, when churchvereign, what will become of the B men were not entirely fubject to the daughters of people of rank, which prince. are facrificed to the fortunes of the The happiest thing that can hap. eldest fons ? The prince will an. pen to the human race is, that the swer ; that they will be on the same prince fhould be a philosopher: footing as those in Sweden, in Den. The prince-philofopher knows, that mark, in Pruflia, in England, in the greater progress reason makes in Holland ; that they will increase C his dominions, the less mischief will the number of citizens, as being be done by disputes, theological jarborn for that very purpose, and not rings, enthufiasm, or superstition ; for repeating over Latin, which

he will therefore promote the pro. they do not understand ; and that gress of reason. This progress aone woman, by rearing up two chil. lone will prove fufficient, for indren and by spinning, does greater ftance, to ftop all disputes on grace; service to her country than can ever D because the number of rational men be done by all the convents put to- being increased, the number of gether.

wrong minds, which feed on absurd It were a great bleffing for the opinions, must be lefsened. prince and the commonwealth, that What we call a Jansenist, is real. there should be a number of philo- ly a madman, a bad citizen, and a phers inculcating all these maxims rebel. He is a madman, because in the minds of their fellow crea- E he takes fome fingular notions for tures. Philosophers having no per. demonstrated truths : Should he fonal interest, can speak only in be. make use of his reason, he would half of reason and of publick inte- learn that philosophers never did, rest. Philosophers do service to nor ever could, dispute on a demonprinces in destroying fuperftition, strated truth: Were he to make use which is for ever the enemy of of his reason, he would know, that princes.

F a sect which brings on convulsions, It was superstition which caused is a sect of madmen. He is a bad the murder of Henry III. of Henry citizen, because he disturbs the or: IV. of William prince of Orange, der of society. He is a rebel, beand of so many others. From it

cause he disobeys. sprang rivers of blood since the reign Molinists are madmen of a milder of Constantine.

kind. We ought to be neither of Superftition is the most dangerous G Apollos, or of Cephas; but of God, enemy to human kind ; when it

and of the king. verns the prince, it ders him It is certain, that the greater the from promoting the good of his number of philosophers is, the people; when it governs the people, more remedies there will be against

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6 A Description of LINCOLNSHIRE. Jan. folly. The prince-philosopher will Lincolnshire is divided into three encourage that religion which al

parts, Holland, Kesteven, and Lindways teaches a morality, pure and sey. The churches are its chief oruseful to men. He will prevent dif- nament, being built of fine polished putes on speculative points, because stone; so that it is remarked, that nothing but mischief ever enfued no county affords better churches, from such disputes. He will ren- A nor worse houses. The diocese of der, as much as is in his power, Lincoln is the largest for jurisdiction distributive justice more uniform and of any in England, taking in the less tedious ; and will blush for our entire counties of Lincoln, Leicester, forefathers, that what is true at Huntington, Bedford, Bucks, and Dreux fhould be false at Pontoise.

part of Hertfordshire, and having The prince-philosopher will be under it fix archdeaconries, and 1255 convinced, that the more laborious B parishes, of which 577 are improand industrious a nation is, the priations. greater must be its wealth. He will The air of this county, in the take care, that his cities should be

western and northern parts, is much embellished, because then there more healthful than in the eastern and will be more work ; and that the fouthern, where it is foggy and thick, result will be both useful and plea- by reason of the sea and the fens. The fant. A large book could be writ-C fóil is also different, being exceeding ten on all the good that might be fertile and pleasant in the west and done ; but a prince-philosopher north, yielding rich pasture, and ftands in no need of a large book. bearing good crops of corn; but

Thus far this celebrated Piece, in fenny, and more barren in the east which the there are many good senti. and south; however, they have ments, yet in others we may plainly here great plenty of fish, and fowl Jee the Frencbman, and the Hobbijl. D both wild and tame. Their cattle

are reckoned larger than in any other A Description of LINCOLNSHIRE. With a New and Correct Map of took á breed from hence about 80

county, except Somersetshire, which the same, beautifully engraved.

years ago, and has much improv'd HIS county, which is of their bignefs by their richer pastures. extent, and in form

Upon the whole, the chief commodilike a bended bow, is bounded on E ties of Lincolnshire are corn, cattle, the east by the German ocean ; on filh, fowl, flax, wool, alabaster, the south, by Cambridgelhire, Nor- &c.-In describing the places of thamptonshire, and Rutlandshire ;

note in this county, we shall go acon the west, by Leicestershire, Not- cording to the three divisions above tinghamshire and Yorkshire, from

mentioned, and begin with, which it is separated by the Dun and I. Lindsey, which is the biggest and Trent; and on the north, by the F most north ; where we have, 1. LinHumber, which also parts it from coln, 102 computed and 128 measured Yorkshire. It is near 60 miles long, miles N. from London,' a city and from north to south, 35 broad, county of itself, situate on the river from east to west, and about 180 in Witham ; antient, large, and built circumference ; contains 1,740,000, on the fide of a hill, having 13 parish acres, 30 wapentakes or hundreds, churches, besides the cathedral, a 630 parishes, one city, viz. Lincoln, G ftately Gothick structure, beautiful and between 30 and 40 market- and lofty. The representatives for towns, and sends 12 members to par. this city in the present parliament are liament. The present members for Charles Monson and Conningsby the county are Robert Vyner and Sibthorpe,, Esqrs. ·. It has markets

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1751. A Description of LINCOLNSHIRE. on Tuesdays and Fridays, and gives rectly to and from London, its trade title of earl to the family of Clinton. is vastly increased, and the buildings (See more of this city, in our Ma

much inlarged. It has a very great gazine for 1749, P. 605, where is

market on Tuesdays, and gives title also a beautiful View of the fame.) of earl to the family of Noel.-13. -2. Grimsby, or Great Grimsby, Stanton, or Market-Stanton, 7 miles about 26 miles N. E. of Lincoln, A S. E. of Market-Rasen; market on faid to be the first or focond corpora- Monday.-14. Alford, 10 miles S. E. tion in England. It is governed by of Louth; market on Tuesday.a mayor, high-steward, recorder, 12 15. Burgh, 5 miles S. E. of Alford, aldermen, two bailiffs, &c. and

has a small market on Thursday.-sends 2 members to parliament, the 16. Wainfleet, 4 miles S. W. has a present being William Locke and good market on Saturday. John Gore, Esqrs. The chief trade B free school, founded by William is in coals and salt, brought to the Wainfleet, bishop of Winchester, town by the Humber. Its market is

and founder of Magdalen college, on Wednesdays, and it enjoys several Oxon.--17. Spilsby, 6 miles N. W. privileges. It has a handsome large a pretty good town, with a conchurch, that looks like a cathedral.

fiderable market on Monday. - 18. 3. Barton, about 15 miles N. W. from

Horncastle, 7 miles W. an ancient, Grimsby, a straggling town, noted for C large, well-built town, on the river little else but being the common ferry Bane, with a great market on Saover the Humber to Hull. It has turday.-19. Bolingbroke, 6 miles a market on Mondays.—4. Burton, S. E. an antient town, with a market or Burton-Stather, about 12 miles on Tuesdays. It was a royal manor, S. W. of Barton, well situate for and Henry IV. was born here, trade on the eastern bank of the whence he was called Henry of BoTrent, and having a good market D lingbroke. Q. Anne created Henry on Mondays. - 5. Glanfordbridge, St.

John, Efq;

then secretary of state, 10 miles S. E. from Burton, on the viscount Bolingbroke ; but he was river Ankam, over which it has afterwards attained, and tho' para strong bridge : Its market is on

doned as to life and estate, was not Thursday.-6. Kirton, 9 miles S. restored to his title.-20. Tattershall, W. of Glanfordbridge, has a mar- 8 miles S. W. a small town, but well ket on Saturday, and a magnificent E built, and has a market on Friday. church.-7. Caftor, 14 miles S. E. 21. Wragby, 9 miles N. W. of Hornfrom Kirion, has also a market on Castle, has a market on Thursday, Saturday.-8. Binbrook, 8 miles S. E. and an alms- house for 6 minifters market on Wednesdays.-9. Salt- widows, and 6 other poor. fleet, 8 miles E. of Binbrook, a II. Kefteven, the second division, small town with a weekly market, lies S. of Lindsey, and gives title of and frequented by the gentry for fish F duke, jointly with that of Ancaster, to in the summer season.-10. Market- the family of Bertie, hereditary great Rasen, 14 miles S. W. has a good chamberlains of England. Places of market on Tuesday.-11. Louth, note are, 1. Sleaford, 15 miles S. E. Il miles E. a considerable town, with of Lincoln, situate in a pleasant valtwo markets, viz. on Wednesdays ley, upon a small river: It iš of late and Saturdays.-12. Gainsborough, grown very populous, and has a 7 miles S. W. of Kirton, formerly G large market on Saturday.--2. Granbut a small town, but of late, by its tham, about 12 miles S. W.of Sleaconvenient as well as pleasant situa. ford, an antient, populous, well-built tion on the banks of the Trent, by borough-town, governed by an al.which means thips go and come di, derman, &c. and has a large market

on

8 A Description of LINCOLNSHIRE. Jan. on Saturday. The members for this the S. of this division lie the Washes, borough in the present parliament are paliable at ebb, but overfowed by the marquis of Granby, and Sir John the tide. Here K. John lost his bagCuft, bart. It gives title of earl to gage and many of his men, by a sudthe family of 'Auverquerque, who den inundation, during his war with came over with K. William III. It the barons. Places of note are, has a fine large church, with a spire A 1. Boston, the chief town in this disteeple 280 foot high : It seems to vifion, about 16 miles E. of Slea. stand awry, which is ascribed to its ford, on the river Witham, where blenderness and great height. Bel- it is navigable by veffels, and over vour-castle, about 4 miles S. W.is which it has a high wooden bridge. a noble and magnificent seat, be- 'Tis an antient town-corporate, golonging to the duke of Rutland, and verned by a mayor, 12 aldermen, has one of the finest profpe&ts in En. B &c. and sends two members to pargland, over a pleasant and fruitful liament, those in the present parValley.-3. Folkingham, about 7 liament being John Michell, Esq; miles E. of Grantham, lies in a good and lord Vere Bertie. It is one of air, and has wholesome fprings, molt considerable towns in the county, with a small market on Thursday. rich and populous, has a good trade, -4. Bourne about 8 miles S. has a and markets on Wednesdays and market on Saturday, the ruins of a C Saturdays. Its church is large and castle, and a medicinal well.-5. beautiful, and has a lofty tower, Deeping, or Market Deeping, about which serves as a guide to mariners : 7 miles S. E. has a market on Thurs- It is reckoned the finest in England, day. It lies in the fenny country, and above 280 feet high. This from whence it has its name.-6. tower has 365 deps, and the church Stamford, about the same distance 52 windows, and 12 pillars.--2. W. from Deeping, an ancient Saxon D Dennington, about 10 miles S. W. town, named from a Ford over the has a market on Saturdays.- 3. HolWelland, over which it has a fine beach, about 11 miles S. of Botton, stone bridge. It is large, populous has a market on Thursdays. – 4. and rich, enjoys great privileges, is Spalding, about 7 miles S. W. of governed by a mayor, &c. and sends Holbeach, is well built, has a gord two members to parliament, their trade, cho' not far from the Washes, present representatives being Robert E and a market on Thursdays.-- Crow. Barbor and John Proby, jun. Esqrs. land, or Croyland, 7 miles S. W. Their chief trade is in malt, and the of Spalding, has a small market on markets are on Mondays and Satur. Saturdays. It lies among the lens, days. Here are 6 parish churches ; and is accesible only on the N. and most of the houses are built of free. E.by narrow causeys. It has 3 streels, fone, the streets fair and large, and separated froin one another by waterthe whole surrounded with a strong F courses planted with willows. They wall. It gives title of earl to the fa- have a communicacion by a trianmily of Gray.

gular bridge, curiously contrived. III. Holland, the third and last di- The houses are built on piles of vision, is so called from its low fitua- wood. Here was formerly a famous tion, like that of the Low Countries, abbey or monastery of Benedictine and is thought to have been reco- monks, of which Ingulphus was abvered out of the sea, against which G bot, who wrote its history. The it is now defended by banks, and people go in little boats to. milk well improved. It gives title of earl, their cows in the field, and make jointly with that of Warwick, to a great profit of their fish and wildbranch of the family of Rich. On ducks in the Fens.

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