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600 Embassy of the CHERRORE ES tó Virginia.

8. Moreover, I will defend and protect of the path to Carolina being very diffithe whole body of the people in general, cult and incommodious, for carrying on a and in particular those who, being of a trade there, an additional reason. More. peaceable temper, place their happiness in over, the governor of Carolioa has fur. living quietly according to law : I will nished the Creek Indians, our enemies, protect them against all restless, turbulent with ammunition and other neceffaries, spirits, whether natives or foreigners. And and given them very distinguishing tokens as peace and concord are invaluable bler- A of kindness. Upon these confiderations, 'fings, I will endeavour to make both reign our emperor has sent us to follicit a con in the church, in the councils, in families, firmation of your friendship, and to desire in publick and private adminiftration, and that you will be pleased to rend white in general wherever peace is wanted; And, people amongst us, and establith a comin fine, I will make it my whole ftudy to merce between the king of Great Britain's punith severely all those who may disturb fubje&ts, inhabitants of this dominion, and the tranquillity of the fubje&.

the Indians of the Cherrokee nation.

If our request is granted, we promise to In August laft, ebe Ambassador of ebe Chera B make a road to facilitate a trade between

rokee Nation, attended by bis Nobles, bad u$ ; and as we are at war with all the an Audience of obe President at Williams- French Indians, we'll guard the road, and bourg, wben bis Honour made the following fecure the inhabitants of Virginia in palSpeecb.

fing to our towns, and be accountable for

any loss they may fuftain. Friends and Brethren,

King George cold our emperor, that Heartily congratulate you upon your when any of the inhabitants Virginia hope, in your journey thro', the inhabi. we must affift them; which we are, and tants of this colony, you have met with always thall be, ready to do. kind treatment, and hofpicable entertain. ment: You may be well assured, that To which the president reply'd, That every thing will be provided for you, whilft what they had imparted to him was of so you continue here, to render the place much consequence, that it was necessary agreeable to you. I hope you - left our for him to take the advice of his majesty's good friend and brother, the emperor of the Cherrokee nation, in good health, and D Council upon it, before he could return

them an anfwer.-Accordingly, the counthe nation itself in prosperity. I have ap. cil met, and the next day the prefident pointed this meeting, to give you an op- gave the Indians a second audience, and portunity of communicating to me the made the following speech. important buliness that has brought you 'to this city, thro' such a vast extent of Tbe SPEECH of rbe Hon. Lewis Burwell, country.

E19; President of bis Majesty's Council,

and Commander in Cbief of sbe Colony aid To wbicb obe Chief of tbem returned tbe fol. E Dominion of Virginia, to tbe Chiefs ord lowing Answer

Nobles of ibe Cherrokees, at a second Au. Brorber,

dience in Williamsbourg, Aug. 10, 77510 E ret off from the town of Choto WE to visit you, and learn what you

Friends and Bretbren,

imparted to me the that when his father was in England, the his majesty's council, and by their advice king directed and advised him to apply assure you, that this government will al. to the governor of Virginia or Carolina, F ways endeavour to cultivate a harmony whenever the Cherrokees were in want of and good correspondence becween his ma. any thing. We are just come down, and jesty's subjects and our friends the Cherhave now seen our brother, and the rest rokecs; and you may depend upon all of our friends. We are instructed to in. due encouragtment being given to the inform you, that 4 years ago we waited on habitants that thall be inclined to trade , the governor of South Carolina, to endea.

with you, for our mutual benefit : And, vour to prevail on him to encourage a as a pledge of our friendship and good trade between the subjects of that colony G wishes, that a lasting peace, and flourish and the Cherrokees, and to supply us with ammunition and other necessaries, which

ing trade, may be establimed between us,

1 make you a present of 200l. out of he promised to do, but has not performed. which I have directed a handsome present This was the principal caufo of our com. to be made to the emperor of Choto, as a ing here, and the experience we have had mark of our ofteem and friendlhíp for

here to acquaint the governor of Virginia, T other days you ver communicated to

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1751. CHERRORees and Not TOWAYS reconciled. 601 kim ; and likewise a present to your in. in order to put their design in execution, he Cerpreter; and the remainder to be divided ordered all the Cherrokces to be compleatly among you, according to your discretion. armed, that they might be able to defend

themselves in case of an attack ; and like.. To wbicb obe Chief answer'd.

wire issued a proclamation, strictly requira

ing the Norcoways to defint from their Brotber,

bloody design, and to repair immediately WE

E have travelled thro' bushes and A to their own habitations, to avoid the most

briars to see our friends at Vir.' rigorous profecution ; commanding also ginia : We have no cause to repent of our all magistrates, theriffs, and others, to be long and tedious journey ; the pain and aiding and affitting in preserving the peace fatigue we have undergone are compen- in their respective counties. sated, by the kind and generous reception But all these precautions proved unnswe have met with, and we are much cefTary, the Nottoways arriving in town pleased with what you have communicated on the 15th with a white Aag ; the Cher. to us, and thall make a faithful relation of


rokees being informed of their arrival, it to our emperor. Our hearts are ftrait ; immediately gave the signal of war, and we shall always preserve in them what we were preparing for baitle ; but several have heard from you ; and ever retain a gentlemen representing to them the friendly grateful remembrance of your favours. appearance of the Noctoways, advised We have given our promise to make a them to march out, and meet them in good road for the people of this country, the same friendly manner : At first hey who fhall be disposed to trade with us, and were inflexible, but being at lan prevailed to protect and secure them from all dan. on, they hoisted a white fag, and marche ger; which we thall Nedfastly adhere to. C ing by beat of drum, met the Nortoways You have supplied all our wants, we have in the market-place, each party singing nothing to defire but the continuance of the song of peace. After many of their your friendlhip.

accustomed ceremonies, they joined hands,

and smoaked the pipe of peace together : After which the president took them all But not being able to hold any conference, by the hand, wished them a good journey the crowd being very great, they repaired home, and prosperity to their emperor and to the court houle ; where the Notcoways the Cherrokee nation.


being sensible that these were not the On the 12th the president had a private Indians who had done them the injury conversation with them, when he ex. they complained of, produced a heit of plained to them the happinels and advan. wampum, which they had received of tages the Chriflians enjoy, in the hopes the Cherrokees at their last peace, and deand assurance of a hleffed immortality ; fired a continuance of their friendfip. and from thence persuaded them to send The orator, who negotiates all their fome of their children to be educated at treaties, received the wampum, and ria the college, that by their means they might fing up, made a long speech to his friends, be instructed in the principles of the chri- E celling them, that he himself had many ftian religion, and be partakers of the years ago given this belt as a token of fame happiness with the Englith. They peace ; that he now found it entire, not heartily ihanked his honour for this instance a bead amirs, and from thence concluded of his affection, and assured him, that that their hearts were strait, and their his offer was very agreeable to them ; but friendlhip preserved entire : Afterwards, chat they could return no answer without by the unanimous consent of all his peo consulting their emperor.

ple, he made a present of a pipe of peace, About a week before the arrival of the paffuring them of his friendship. All difCherrokees, it was rumoured, that the ferences being thus adjusted, to the fatisNottoway Indians, being very inveterate faction of both parties, they met in the against them, were determined to lic in evening at the camp of the Cherrokees ; ambush and intercept them. This nation, where making a large fire, they danced it was said, was exalperated against the together round it, and continued the Cherrokees, for murdering, many years evening with harmony and chcarfulness. ago, 7 of their young men, whom they had invited to hunc with them; and had A fursber Account of sbe wonderful Progress resolved to embrace this favourable oppor.

of the MERRINGS. (See p. 561.) tunity of revenging themselves. The pre- HE herrings that escape the nets at fident being informed of this, and a report prevailing that they had croiled James ri- of Scotland ; when spreading themselves yer, and were on their march to the west- over the sands and shoals in every creck, ward, with an intens to wait on the road, harbour, and bay, they present themselves

4 Ga



Progress of the Herrings, and where caught. App.

602 to the Scotch nets; and after those on ward to the towng on the north fhore of the north fide the Tay have caught many, Cornwall, where many thousand tons are the Dunbar fishing-boats, and those of the catched, and cured for foreign consumpFifemen, fall in among them, and take tion; and many mips loaded for the Me. very large quantities, as well for carrying diterradean, besides an incredible quantity up the land, for the use of the county, consumed by the people ashore. The as for curing after the manner of Yar- fishermen of Pembroke, Swansey, and all mouth, and making red herrings. From A the coast of South Wales, from Milfordhence the shoal of fish, keeping in deeper Haven to the mouth of Bristol river, above water, are (carce seen any more, except King-Road, do the same. After this, the a little off Scarborough, till they arrive off, herrings being shocren (as was observed) Yarmouth. Here, extending themselves go westward into doep water,' to their over the sands, in quest of food, they are companions, and are seen no more. again catched in prodigious quantities. For

Thus have we brought the herrings as the fishermen of Yarmouth and Leostoff round our inands, offering themselves, as fometimes cure about 50,000 barrels of they travel, to the nets of the neighbour. red herrings in a year, so incredible num.


ing nations, who, for their own food, as bers of fiesh herrings are consumed in the well as for sale to far distant and remote town of Yarmouth, the city of Norwich, countries (wliere the shoal does not come) and all the adjacent towns of those two take incredible numbers of them. To what most populous counties, Norfolk and Suf. place they go afterwards, whet.er they folk, as likewise in Eliex, Cambridgeshire, find their way back again to the north, or &c. The Dutch and French fin for them, whether, being dispersed in the boundleisand at the same time, on the back of Yarmouth unfathomed deep of the vast western ocean, lands.

C they are ford for the immense numbers of From hence other branches of the moal larger filh bred in those waters; or what push forward to the mouth of the Thames, elle may become of them, we know nit. where the fishing smacks of London, Foulk: As to the suggestion, that the quantity Atone, Dover, Sandwich, and that whole of these herrings muit, by this e:me, be coast, take numberless quantities for the exhausted, it is far from being probable : London market, as well as for all the po- On the contrary, one would conclude, pulous towns on the river Thames, and from the great thoals seen in the Severn upan and near the sea coast of Kent and seas, and on the weit and south coasts of Suflex.

D England and Ireland, at their parting, During this the Dutch, lending out their that the number taken is not much mifled, bulles again, lie on the back of Yariniuth And soins are of opinion, that the quan. fands, as above; as do also the French and city catch:d by all the fishermen in Europe, Flemim, and formerly the Flushingers, is but an inconsiderable part of the amazing Hamburghers, and Bremers. There her: thal which first comes out of the North. rings come afterwards into the narrow seas, It is well known, that the moals of where the French on one side, and our herrings are pursued, and multitudes of west.country fishermen on the other, at. E them devoured by the larger, and more tacle them again. And now these fith ravenous filh, such as the porputies, and carting their rows, become shotten, and the dog-fith (who sometimes make a great are little valued by us (but are even then havock of the ners) and other various kinds a great dainty to the negroes, in all the of lea-monsters, with which those northern sugar colonies, where prodigious quantities seas abound, (the whale excepted, which of them are consumed.) They then dira does not feed on herrings.) But, with appear, and we hear no more of them. regard to the others, experience proves

The herrings fare no better on the other the affirmative, especially of the dog filha fide of our island. The Kshermen of Glar." and porpụss ; many of the larter, upon

F gow, Aire, Dumfries, with the whole their being opened, having entire here coast of Galloway; and the fishermen of rings found in their hellies or nom chs. Londunderry, Belfast, Carrickfergus, Car. The smaller moals of herrings are oiten lingford, and on to Dublin, meet them on pursued by armies of porpufles, dog filh, that fide ; when, beginning to attack then' and such kind of voracious creatures at the Lewes and Western Ilands (where and what numbers of herrings the fe may thore" fim are exceedingly large and well (wallow, is not to be guefied ; perhaps, taited) they give them no rest, till the her- more than are taken by all the fisher• rings, after having passed thro' all the Irish G men. channel, come into the Severn Sea. Here It is also certain, that herrings are found they are asa o invaded by the English fither. on the mores of North America, cho' men of Devonshire, from Minehead to not in such numbers as at the places arofanie and Ejdpiford; and so on west- abovementioned ; nor are they feca fara


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Poetical ESSAYS in 1751, ther fouth, even in that country, than Incomprehensible ; for thee, in vain, the rivers of Carolina. Whether these may Rapt in eternal clouds, and in the dark be part of the mighty shoal of herrings, Pavilion seated of unfathom'd night, which, at its first passing by the coast of

Would search the ken of bold aspiring mana Greenland, may, (instead of advancing O idly ftudious, impotently wife ! south-eastward with the rest) steer to the Man, foolish man, forego thy daring coasts of America, on the north-west

search ; fide : Or whether there may be the re. For know, that ever wand'ring, ever tolt mainder of such as pass our channel, can.

On the wide occan of infinity, not be determined. But this is certain, Thy shatter'd bark thall never find a shore. that they are not found, (at least, in any With holy awe, and humble ignorance, quantity) near any of the southern king- Then let me bow, and hail thee Pow's doms, as Spain, Portugal, the south paris Supreme.

[pitying view of France, on the side of the great ocean, Look down, bleft Pow'r, look down, and in the mediterranean, or on the coast of Thy servant ftruggling thro' this vale of Africa.


Be thou my God, my Saviour, and my 11- MEDIT ANTE.

When death.like leep o'er all the works

of men In heavenly arms, that chro' the gloom In folemn darkness reigns, and hush'd is all immenfe

The noise and bustle of the busy world; Flam'd forth intolerable day, ye stood, Let me, unseen by mortal eye, repair Ye heard that voice, altonilh'd Chaos To the deep covert of some lonely wood, heard,

Where yews and cypress spread their Which bade his warring elements to cease. mournful boughs, * Twas then his hand omnipotent outspread, And the p'oud ruins of some fately palace Heav'n's azure canopy, and the bed pro- Rear mid the trees their venerable heads. found

[heads There, while thro' ruftling leaves and hol. Of mighty waters; then first rear'd their low vaults

[ear The everlasting hills, and the bright sun The wind howls mourosul, and the lift'ning Rejoic'd to run his course; the jocund hours of tumbling waters hears the diftant echo, Before him danc'd, till night assum'd her With downcast looks and footsteps Now reign ;

I'll treal, Then rose in filent majefty the moon, While the pale moon, in filent glory clad, And round his filver throne the planets Gilds with a trembling light the solemn roli:d. [breught forth, scene.

(glade Mean time her offspring pregnant earth But, ah! what awful form thro' yonder Sweet smell?d the newborn flow'rs, and Stalks on majestick! Hail, fair Wisdom, hail, fruits mature,

Thrice hail, thou blooming maid, who Tall forests nodded on the mountain's brow, mid these bowers, Where, (as amid' the flow'ry vales below,) These mors.grown caves and lowbrow'd Unnumber'd creatures rov'd secure, or rocks wert born,

(haunt brouz'd

(herb; Of contemplation, and fill deign'ft to The cragged rocks, or cropt the verdant Thy native shades ; obedient to thy call The feather'd squadrons through the wide

I come expanse

(waters O guide, O guard me, to thy sacred seats, Of æther wheel'd their course. And in the Ye twinkling stars, who gird with count. Of limpid river, and the hoary main

less horts

(lemn night, Frisk'd all the finny race. Last wert thou The moon's pale orb, and thou most ro. made,

Inspire my breast with ev'ry awful thought; Man, of the visible creation lord,

Then Mall the on meditation's wing Of form majestick, and a front ere&t

Mount with bold flight towards her native Towards the skies, the soul within im. skies, Piels'd

[know And scorn the reach of dull mortality. With reason's fignet, that thy heart might Creator infinite, whose pow'tful hand Thy gracious God, and knowing him Hung with yon thining lamps the vault of adore.

heaven ;

(this frame These are thy works, O Lord, and there Who mad'ft the night, the day, and all thy power,

Of universal nature fair and good, Which form’d, preserves ; these we behold Accept my praise : Thee, when the wake. Jo admiration, and with reverence low

fut lark Bend at thine awful seat; for thou art Lord, Begins her matin song, and the grey dawa For thou art Great, Eternal, Infinite. Peeps o'er the hills; thee, when the bird Thee not the heaven of heavens can con of night cain,



fall ;


Poetical Essays in 1751. Klits through the desky air, and all things Such are the woes with which the aided rest (best, grieve,

[reliere. In darkness and in Neep ; thee greatest, Such are the woes your bounteous hearts Immortal God, my grateful tongue shall Vain were the talk, a glorious deed to raise, praise,

(the choir

With all the soft impertinence of praise ; Long as that tongue can speak ; with me Nobly you act in virtue's heavenly cause, Of cherubs and of radiant seraphim

And your own conscience is the best apTheir fongs shall join : Men, angels, all plause. thy works


To praise such merit tho' our forces fail, Sball join to praise thine ever glorious At least our gentle wishes Thall prevail : Begin, immortal spirits, the song of praise, If you, who take the wretched to your Strike on your golden harps a louder strain, care, And let the chorus of creation rise. Some little strokes of human anguish fare, Begin, for ye before the saphire throne Oh! may you feel (like those you aid) no For ever stand miniftrant, and with ronga Of folemn jubilee the Godhead chaunt Your former pangs, or be what you deplore! Perpetual, echoing 'mong the starry May joys returning wave their gladsome spheres ;


[spring. Begin, for ye were present, when thro' And health flow largely from this vital

realms Of Chaos old, omnipotent he rode,

To bis Grace the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, With awful majesty and with brightness

&c. &c. cloth'd

Tbe bumble Petition of MARGARET Wor. Ineffable ; when ye before him march'd Myriads on myriads of angelick hosts.

FINGTON, Spinster. Then, tho' the labour of the olive fail,

A Y it please your grace, with all The fig-tree cease to bud, the grape to glow,

submiffion, And famine waste the desolated plain ;

í humbly offer my petition ; Tho' mid the fold the herds unnumber'd

Let others with as small pretensions,

Teaze you for places and for penfions ;
Tho' war, and fickness wither half thé I fcorn a pension, or a place,
Thee will I praise, and in thy mercy trust,

My whole delign's upon your grace,
Thee will I fear alone ; for thou halt gracę

The sum of my petition's this, Thy faithful servants with a radiant crown I claim, my lord, an annual kiss ; Of fars, that shine with unextinguish'd

A kiss, by sacred custom due glory.


To me, and to be pay'd by you ;
In robes of light array'd, and deck'ä with But left you entertain a doubt,
Victorious in their hands, on golden thrones

I'll make my title clearly out.
In bow'rs of bliss for ever shall i hey fit, It was, as near as I can fix,
When all this mortal frame thall be dir. The fourth of April, forty-six ;

(decay, (With joy I recollect the day) When earth, the reas, the skies in smoke As I was dressing for the play ; And nature's felf expires in agony.

In ftept your grace, and at your back,

Appear'd my trusty guardian, • Mac ; PROLOGUE to the ORPHAN, wben A fudden tremor shook my frame,

afted at Bath, Dec. 18, for rbe Be. Lord, how my colour went and came : myfie of ebe General Hofpital ; spoken by At length, to cut my story short, Mr. Brown.

You kiss'r me, Sir, heav'n bless you for't. 10 raise the tender paffions, and impart The magick touch my spirits drew

The softeft anguish to the hardest Up to my lips, and out they flew ; heart;

Such pain and pleasure mix'd, I vow, For this the tragick muse, melodious queen! I felt all o'er, I don't know how, Tunes her foft lays, or (wells the lofty The fecret, when your grace withdrew, Pene.

Like lighe’ning to the Green. Room flew; But need we now the personated woe, And plung'd the women in the spleen ; The studied pang, the tear that's taught The men receiv'd me for their queen ; to fow,

[nature's pen,

And from that moment (wore allegiance, The seign'd diftress, tho* drawn from Nay, Rich himself was all obedience. To roure the soul, and tell you, you are Since that your grace has never yet, men?

(glows, Refus'd to pay the annual debt : When ev'ry breast with generous pity To prove these facts, if you will have it, For more, alas! than vilionary woes ! Old Mac will make an affidavit : For real wants, misfortune's baleful train, If Mac's rejected as a fibber, "The smart of anguill), and the rack of pain ! I muß appeal to Colley Cibber.

Mac Sevirey.



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