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President Harding

Urges Road Maintenance. He says

“I KNOW of nothing more shocking than the millions of public funds wasted in improved highways, wasted because there is no policy of maintenance. The neglect is not universal, but it is very near it. There is nothing the Congress can do more effectively to end this shocking waste than condition all Federal Aid on provisions for maintenance. Highways, no matter how generous the outlay for construction, cannot be maintained without patrol and constant repairs."



APRIL 12, 1921

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Style 51
Rutherford B. Hayes
ment the list by citing actual illustra-

For Civilians tions? How would you make clear to

Black Calf -N this issue of The Outlook Dr. Lyman

a wage-earner that “soldiering" is Abbott gives us another one of his

against his own economic interest? Disunusual snap-shots — this time of

Style 50
cuss the cure for "soldiering."
President Hayes.
Is it true that all the capitalist-em-

Same Last
Discuss the aptness of beginning a

Tan Calf ployer does is to "exploit" labor? Can paper on President Hayes by comment

you illustrate your answer? ing upon the Administrations of Johnson

What is the difference between the and Grant. How do the statements made

division of labor and specialization in by Dr. Abbott about these two Adminis

industry? trations help the reader to a better Explain these words: Manhandle,

Send for understanding of the policies of Presi- hornswoggle, distraught, dilettante, talis

Catalogue dent Hayes?

man, impugn, kowtow, labor turnover. What was the problem of reconstruc

The following references will help antion? One author speaks of the “crime swer a number of the questions asked

ERMAN'S shoes are of reconstruction." How was the prob

in this study, as well as suggest numerlem handled? Was there a crime of re

unique, in that they are ous other questions: “Materials for the construction? If so, who was respon

the best footwear obtainable Study of Elementary Economics," by sible for it?

for the widest range of speMarshall, Wright, and Field (University What is your explanation of Dr.

cial uses to which American of Chicago Press); "Great American IsAbbott's statement: "By the second term sues,” by Hammond and Jenks (Scrib

men put their shoes. of Grant's Administration the Republi

ner); “Economics for the General can party existed in two bitterly hostile Reader,” by Henry Clay (Macmillan);

The call for special shoes factions"? What did each faction wish?

for men in all occupations, "Humanizing Industry," by R. C. Feld Which one do you consider was in the (Dutton).

ranging from the professions, right? Did Grant sympathize with

military life and business life either?

The Pledge to South America to labor, including general What specific illustrations and proofs

In its issue of April 27, 1921, The outdoor sports, is tremendous. can you give upholding Dr. Abbott in

Outlook said that “Bolivar was more his belief that the most corrupt period

Herman's Shoes, varying than a mere liberator." Was he? Reain our National history was that which

from the genuine Munson followed the Civil War? In his address President Harding also

U. S. Army Last to the Was there during this time a reform

said: “It is an interesting thing to com- latest dress shapes, and fashmovement? If so, tell about its rise and pare the careers of the two great fathers

ioned from highest-quality growth.

of American liberty-Bolivar and Wash- materials, answer to this call. What is your opinion of President ington.” Can you make as many as six Hayes's principles in selecting his Cabicomparisons?

Sold in 8,000 retail stores. net? Has, or has not, President HarIn delivering his address, President

If you are not near one, we ding acted in accordance with these Harding declared that we stood ever

will fit you correctly and principles? ready to fight, if necessary, for the de

quickly through our MAIL Define the following terms: Carpetbag fense of the Monroe Doctrine. The Mon

ORDER DEPT.at Boston. government, Crédit Mobilier, old

roe Doctrine has been called an ancient Guard,paramount, rider to a bill, politshibboleth. Which of the two attitudes

JOS. M. HERMAN SHOE CO. ical cabal, parsimony, boomerang. do you consider the right one? Is the

825 Albany Building Among the most interesting and valuMonroe Doctrine worth fighting for?

BOSTON, MASS. able accounts of the period covered by this article and study are Chapters I Bringing Germany to Terms through VII of “United States in Our

In your opinion, did President Har. Own Times,” by P. L. Haworth (Scrib

ding act wisely and justly in refusing ner); Chapter XV of "History of the

the German proposal that the United “NO NIGHT THERE " United States," by Charles and Mary

States act as mediator between herself Beard (Macmillan); "American His

(The “City Four-Square") and the Allies as to the reparations A beautiful Sacred song for Church or Home tory," by D. S. Muzzey (Ginn & Co.), question?

50c per copy postpaid Chapter XVII; “Lectures on the Civil

The Biglow & Main Co., 156 5th Ave., N. Y.

If Germany does not pay by May 1 the War," by James Ford Rhodes (Macmil

amount demanded from her by the lan).

Allies, what course of action toward her
Senator Davenport in Overalls do you think ought to be taken?
Did Secretary Hughes break with in-

"The Chest with the Chill in it” If you were the manager of a factory, ternational traditions in dealing with

Built on scientific principles and tested on what basis would you select your the German appeal? Was the exchange

by use" in over a million homes." foremen? What instructions would you of communications between Germany

Easy to clean, economical, durable

and efficient. Sold in every city and give to them? Does the efficiency of a and the United States diplomatic nego

important town in the United States. factory depend to a large extent upon tiation?

Senl for Handsome Catalogues

and Booklets the kind of men who are selected to A book which claims to interpret the

Maine Manufacturing Co., Nashua, N. H. manage the employees? problems that confront the world to-day

Established 1874 Senator Davenport gives us some is entitled “Problems of the New World,"

Look for the name

WHITE MOUNTAIN causes of "soldiering." Can you supple- by J. A. Hobson (Macmillan). Presi

dent Wilson's policy in dealing with for1 These questions and comments are designed not only for the use of current events classes eign relations from 1913 to 1917 may be and clubs, debating societies, teachers of history found in “The Foreign Policy of Wood.



istration of Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States. Twenty-two Presidents have been in office during his lifetime. It is one of the least

conspicuous of these Presidents, though one of the wisest and most useful of public servants, that Dr. Abbott has chosen for the subject of his "Snap-Shot” in this week's issue. During the Civil War Dr. Abbott was the minister of a Congregational church in Terre Haute, Indiana. The conflict between the Northern and Southern ideas was acute in such a place. In 1865 he resigned his pastorate to become Corresponding Secretary of what was known as the Union Commission to co-operate with the Government in the work of Reconstruction. In March of that year he went South. That was at a time when it was necessary to have a pass in order to go to Nashville, much as one needs a passport to-day to go to Europe. For the four years of political anarchy known as the Reconstruction Period Dr. Abbott endeavored to promote pacific measures for moral reconstruction and for the recementing of North and South. His purpose was to offer co-operation with Southerners who had the same aim. It was this experience that perhaps enabled him to understand particularly the difficulties with which President Hayes had to deal and the measure of President Hayes's success.

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been ever since 1904 Professor in Law and Politics at Hamilton College, Clinton, New York. He is a graduate of Wesleyan University, Connecticut, and received his degree of Doctor of Philosophy from Columbia in 1905. At various times when partisan feeling has run high he has contributed to the Outlook political correspondence distinguished by its judicial temper and accuracy of observation. Both as a public servant and as a college teacher he has been interested in industrial questions and has brought to the legislative hall and to the lecture-room knowledge attained, not only from books, but also from men. His portrait as he appeared in the factory of which he writes is reproduced on the cover. He can be identified by his blue jumper and his red necktie.


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A letter from Ras Priest, which we printed with a few words of comment in our issue of April 13, has stimulated some of our readers to make some comments of their own. Ras Priest, who told us he had named his only boy Lyman, recommended to the editors of The Outlook the prayer of the Psalmist

Create in me a clean heart, O God:

And renew a right spirit within me; averring that The Outlook was spiritually dead and didn't know it, that for partisan reasons the editors had “become the yokefellows and the flaming evangels of the most reactionary and sinister group in our politics," and had "stood by and held the garments of those who stoned to death the prophet." While these faithful wounds are fresh we print the three letters of comment which follow. — THE EDITORS.


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the undue strictures cast upon The Outlook by Ras Priest in his letter, appearing in the issue of April 13, wherein he somewhat illogically concludes that The Outlook is "spiritually dead." Yet that letter has encouraged me to offer a word on the subject which I had not the temerity, perhaps, to offer in competition for your Constructive Criticism Prize.

Mr. Priest's premises, in my humble opinion, are principally founded on fact, and, albeit with more or less unseemly overstatement and rancor, he has de scribed tersely the general impression I have gained of The Outlook's attitude toward Woodrow Wilson.

I have long liked to think of Charles W. Eliot, Lyman Abbott, and Woodrow Wilson as the three most potent moral teachers and leaders of our time, Dr. Eliot's field having been primarily the youth and universities of the country; Dr. Abbott's, The Outlook readers and his numerous audiences; and Woodrow Wilson's, the citizenry of the civilized world.

Now of course great minds honestly differ on economic, political, financial, industrial, social, theological, and like questions. Being a lawyer, I understand how jurists honestly differ on points of law. It is often hard to know the right and wrong of a question of policy, or expediency, or diplomacy. But on

a question of ethics—a moral issue the line of demarcation between right and wrong should not be so difficult of definition, and we like to feel that when the performance of a moral obligation is in issue we may know upon which side to find most right-minded men arrayed. And the question of our joining the League of Nations involved the acknowl. edgment and discharge of moral obligations, and hence presented an issue essentially moral. (If this be not con. ceded, I can best cite an article by Dr. Eliot in the "Atlantic Monthly" for October or November, 1920.)

The state of extraordinary moral exaltation to which during the war were elevated-and in the creation of which Dr. Abbott and Dr. Eliot, as well as Woodrow Wilson, played no small

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SEATTLE is the healthiest city in the world


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part—was insidiously assailed and eventually degraded to what now resembles an obsession of National selfinterest. Responsibility for this cannot, in my judgment, be wholly avoided by the materialistic or anti-idealistic ele ment of the Senate.

Quite naturally, we looked to our great moral teachers and leaders to champion the ideals upon which our exalted moral condition was founded, to strive to maintain that state, and accordingly to be governed first and foremost by the moral consideration in taking their stand on the League issue.

Dr. Eliot did so. He forsook his political party and, I feel sure, a large part of his constituency, and vigorously defended those ideals, recognizing the moral aspect of the League issue and insisting upon the fulfillment of our moral obligation before considering matters of apparent National self-interest or diplomacy.

Woodrow Wilson did so. Although subjected to incalculable pressure, he refused to look away from the moral aspect of the situation, and, while he made mistakes—blunders, if you will and was unfortunately tactless in dealing with the Senate, he exhausted his body and almost his mind (but not his spirit) in striving to .prevent our country from shirking a moral duty.

Dr. Abbott did not do so. Somewhat to my surprise, he did not see the moral aspect of the question as the others saw it. And, to my dismay, his organ apparently chose “to disfigure itself with partisanship rather than to transfigure itself with patriotism," to use the happy (rather, unhappy) phrase of Leila Sellers, whose letter you reproduced in The Outlook of March 30.

For this I am not so presumptuous as to heckle Dr. Abbott or The Outlook. And please do not feel slighted if I do not hold you accountable for the defeat of the League of Nations. It merely happens to strike me as more or less inconsistent for America's most highminded editor and most moral lay periodical to have espoused the cause of expediency, diplomacy, practicability, patriotism, safety, Americanism-call it what you will—when a fundamentally moral question confronted them.

If I seem unduly to prolong discussion of a question no longer mooted, permit me to suggest that the League issue is not dead, and cannot die until

European Powers discard the League or America, upon some footing, becomes a member thereof.

Yes, I am a Democrat. I became one because of Woodrow Wilson. Toledo, Ohio.



THIS IS not a chance happening for one year, but an unbroken record over

a long period of years, according to the Mortality Statistics of the United

States government. For instance, according to latest available figures Seattle's death rate was 8.6 per 1,000, Spokane's 9.5, Los Angeles' 12.9, Cincinnati's 14.2, St. Paul's 14.3, Philadelphia's 14.5, Boston's 14.9, San Francisco's 15.1, Baltimore's 15.5, Washington's 15.6, New Orleans' 19.7, and Trenton's 20.1. Your expectancy of life will be materially increased by living in Seattle.

Seattle is in a class by itself in respect to the low rate of infant mortality, 55 per 1000. In other words, the infant born in Seattle has approximately 95 chances out of 100 of surviving and several times more chances of attaining adult life than the baby born in the East or the Middle West. It will also be a sturdier and stronger person. Seattle is a paradise for children-infantile complaints are practically unknown.

Seattle's health record is due to an entire absence of extremes of heat and cold, of cyclones, hurricanes, earthquakes and severe electrical storms—a climate soothing to nervous troubles and that invites one out of doors the year round, an abundance of pure water, an altogether exceptional milk supply, perfect drainage and a scenic environment whose beauty and sublimity tend to lift one above the petty trials of life.

The climate gives a 20 per cent. margin in manufacturing costs due to increased efficiency of labor, a fact well demonstrated in competition.

Seattle is the center of the richest area on the continent in basic resources -timber, agriculture, horticulture, dairying, mining, coal, fisheries, etc.- is by far the nearest Pacific Coast port to the Orient and the chief railroad center on the Pacific Coast.

Seattle's harbor is classed by shipping men as the best in the world and her docks and cargo handling equipment are superior to anything on the coast.

Seattle is a wonder city-grown from 4,000 to 350,000 during the writer's business life. The big opportunities are still ahead. Whether you simply want to enjoy life and live long, or have an industry to establish or a branch to locate, send for Seattle's inspiring story, “Seattle, the Seaport of Success.”



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I think that this Puget Sound country, perhaps because of its climate and its ideals is breeding a stronger and better fibered civilization than is elsewhere apparent in this country.W. C: Edens, of the Central Trust Co., Chicago.

It is the charmed land of the American continent, with the most restful and soothing climate in the world, the land where it is always afternoon' and the ideal home for the blond races upon this American continent."Dr.Woods Hutchinson.


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The Seattle Chamber of Commerce and Commercial Club

Publicity Bureau, 903 Arctic Bldg.
Seattle, Washington



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