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THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD AND MR. ROGERS'S ARTICLE

I

N Sherman Rogers's article on "Employee Representation." which is published in this issue, there is an account of the methods employed for co-operation between employer and employee in the Pennsylvania Railroad. It seemed to us desirable, if any criticism or comment were to be made on this article by the authorities of the railroad, our readers should have it at the same time with the article. As the article was about to go to press, therefore, we sent a galley proof to General W. W. Atterbury, Vice-President of the Pennsylvania in Charge of Operation, with a letter, and received a reply. Both letters are subjoined:

THE OUTLOOK COMPANY Three-Eighty-One Fourth Avenue New York

E. H. A.-0. Enclosure

August 15, 1921.

Dear Sir:

We enclose you a galley proof of an article on "Employee Representation" written by our Industrial Correspondent, Sherman Rogers. There are some pointed remarks in this article regarding the adoption of employee representation by the Pennsylvania Railroad.

While neither The Outlook nor Sherman Rogers would change the article in the slightest degree as set up in the enclosed proof, unless of course to correct any possible errors in grammar or typography, we would gladly print any criticism within reasonable limits which you may make of his remarks in the issue in which his article appears, which will be under date of August 31st. Yours very truly,

The Editors of The Outlook. (Signed) ERNEST HAMLIN ABBOTT. Gen. W. W. Atterbury, Vice President, Pennsylvania Railroad,

Executive Offices, Philadelphia, Pa.

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In my judgment, this article is a very fair statement of the underlying principles and success of employe representation and covers in a general way what we are trying to accomplish on the Pennsylvania Railroad in our efforts to get together with our employes on a mutually satisfactory basis.

It may interest you to know, however, that we feel that the recent decision of the United States Railroad Labor Board in the case of the Shop Crafts Union if applied to any of the industries mentioned in this article would completely destroy real employe representation.

Employe representation on the Pennsylvania Railroad is now in effect.

A majority of our employes want to deal with the management through employe representatives.

About 175,000 employes on this railroad are interested in rules covering working conditions. About 117,000 of these employes have expressed a desire to negotiate rules through employe representatives.

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8. It would not be fair to the employes or to the railroad, to say nothing about the public.

Briefly, the facts of this case are as follows:

The management is doing its utmost to carry out the provisions of the Transportation Act in getting together with its employes on a mutually satisfactory basis. At the same time we have consistently and earnestly tried to comply with previous decisions of the Labor Board.

Announcement was made by the Company on May 20, 1921, that all employes would be given an opportunity to have a voice in the management in matters affecting their welfare.

All were given an opportunity to vote for employe representatives, of their own selection, whether union or nonunion men. All were urged to exercise their right of franchise without interference on the part of officers or subordinate officials.

A fair, impartial and secret ballot was distributed to all employes. No candidates were mentioned and no names were printed on the ballot either of in

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The union officers, employed by the railroad, could have nominated themselves and instructed their membership to vote for them, if they so desired, and the management would have recognized them as representatives if they had been elected.

As a matter of fact, some classes of employes have already elected union men to represent them. The management has recognized these representatives and is now dealing with them.

It is contrary to custom in any city, state or national election to require a new election simply because some men refuse or fail to exercise their right to vote. Our Presidents are invariably elected by a minority of the eligible voters.

One of the most objectionable features of this decision is the requirement that men who are not now employes should be furnished a ballot and should be permitted to vote on equal terms with employes. The Labor Board says men "who have been laid off or furloughed and are entitled to return to the service under seniority rules if accessible shall be furnished a ballot and be permitted to vote." There is no sanction in law or otherwise for such a ruling. Many of these furloughed men are now working in outside industries. Under this ruling, employes of other industries

...

would be negotiating working conditions 1

for our employes.

Furthermore, the Labor Board in an Addendum to Decision No. 218, copy of which is enclosed, indicates very plainly that it is not infallible, and that its decisions are subject to change in vital particulars. In this Addendum the Labor Board changes its original decision to the extent of providing for a secret instead of an open ballot (the Pennsylvania Railroad ballot was a real, secret ballot). And the Labor Board says frankly that the open ballot originally proposed was "the established method of taking a ballot among railway labor organizations." It is evident that this form of ballot would be subversive of real democratic representation and would be in the interest of autocratic union domination.

I am very grateful for the opportunity presented in your letter of offering these suggestions in connection with Mr. Rogers' article, for we feel that the whole principle of employe representation is at stake in this issue. Very truly yours, W. W. ATTERBURY, Vice President.

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VEN today some motorists are still

the ideal tire dealer.

The

U. S. ROYAL CORD A famous tire-a famous tread. Acknowl edged among motorists and dealers alike as the world's foremost example of Cord tire building. Always delivering the same repeated economy, tire after tire, and season after season. The stripe around the side-walls is registered as a trade-mark in the U. S. Patent Office.

To Car Owners Everywhere

About the Tire Merchant
who is Happy in his Business

Alert, courteous, carrying a complete stock of good tires. As eager to serve you with a valve cap or a tube, as with a new

spare.

His enthusiasm a reflection of his clean business and his happy relations with his

customers.

With midseason here-the sales of U.S. Royal Cords all over the country during April, May, June and July, 1921, exceed the same four months of last year by 88%.

You might expect merchants who are seeing such remarkable sales increases to be preoccupied with figures to the exclusion of all else.

Yet you will not be sur

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Fifty-three

prised to hear them speak of the pleasure of handling Royal Cord Tires.

The cleanliness of the transaction. The fine kind of people attracted to their stores. The freedom from worry. Satisfied, permanent customers. Steady demand as against "spotty" sales.

There is so much glib talk these days of "merchandising" in the abstract, that perhaps some have overlooked the need of a man being happy as well as prosperous. What keeps business more satisfying than the pleasure of dealing in quality? Of having the authority of quality? Of creating self-respect both in buyer and seller?

As people say
everywhere

United States Tires
are Good Tires

United States Tires

United States

US Rubber Company

SATED

Two hundred and

The Oldest and Largest

As U. S. Royal Cords are doing today.

"A Welcome Ambassador
from Everywhere"

As a special introductory offer to those who are occasional readers, but not regular subscribers to The Outlook, we will send you the next ten issues for $1.

This special introductory rate means a saving of 33% per cent from the regular news-stand price of 15 cents per copy. It enables you with but little outlay to become acquainted with The Outlook, which one reader describes as "a welcome ambassador from everywhere."

"In many ways you are like Benjamin Franklin," writes another, "nourishing us as he nourished his fellow-men. You show the same universal sympathy for common men and the same entire faith in them. You have the same poise, simplicity, practicality, and fɩ ndamental Americanism, and the same zeal to serve."

"MEANS MORE THAN A COLLEGE DEGREE" "To be a constant reader of The Outlook means more to me than a college degree; it is a distinction and an education in itself," writes another.

1.

Chief.

Lyman Abbott, dean of American editors, is its Editor-in

2.

It is studiously edited by a board of publicists who weigh carefully each week the world's most important events, report them tersely, and then interpret them.

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Traits that Commend The Outlook to Its Readers

4.00

The Outlook is American to the core; yet it scans events with a world-wide range of vision. No other publication could as truly be called The Outlook. One subscriber calls it a "magic carpet," carrying one to the week's most significant and most interesting places.

vard, Yale, Amherst, New York University, Princeton, Williams, Vassar, and the University of Chicago, are on the editorial and general staffs of The Outlook.

"The editorial opinions have the weight of a jury's decision," declares still another reader.

Readers of The Outlook usually feel lost without it. It has one of the highest records as to yearly subscription renewals of any American periodical of general character.

Address..

A CHANCE TO WIN $50

Three prize letter contests have recently been conducted, and two more are shortly to be announced.

A first prize of $50, a second prize of $30, and a third prize of $20 will be paid to winners of each of the remaining contests, and numerous letters, not winning prizes, will receive cash pay

ment.

5.

Prejudice or provincialism does not sit at the council tables of The Outlook. Its staff represents many backgrounds-the pulpit, the law, literature, diplomacy, politics, business, and the newspaper office. Graduates of eight important colleges or universities, including Har

FILL IN AND MAIL THIS COUPON TO-DAY

Why not watch for these prize contest announcements and compete for the money? Any

one can enter.

Most subscribers turn first to The Outlook's editorials. Of what other American periodical can this be said?

6.

The quality of its journalism is

I enclose $1 for which please send me the next ten (10) numbers of The Outlook.

tance of The Outlook as a cogent instrument of journalism is recognized even in newspaper circles; hundreds of editors of newspapers subscribe.

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"THE WOOD THAT ALL ITS USERS PRIZE THE WISE INVESTOR SAFELY BUYS."

A WORD

as to the

Reasons and Purposes

BEHIND THE INTERNATIONALLY FAMOUS

Cypress Pocket Library

(43 volumes-43 subjects of economic interest to "home-hopers," home-builders, and home-owners. "The one you want, the one you get.” FREE on request. Full list is in Volume 1 together with U. S. Gov't Report on "the wood eternal." Write today for it.)

Everybody likes to build, but nobody likes "repair jobs." [

Repair jobs inevitably represent an additional investment without any

addition to value.

That point is worth digesting.

When you build, whatever you build, you like to build "for keeps."

Some people change their minds about styles, in building the same as in wearables; our tastes develop and result in changes in our wants; but nobody changes his or her mind as to wishing to get the greatest possible endurance, or wear, out of the things they buy, and especially is this true of building investments.

Yet, singularly enough, as many people know so little about woods and their relative values and special utilities; so many people think that "lumber is lumber" and never attempt to specify the KIND of wood they wish used; so many people believe that repair bills are "necessary evils," that we believe we shall be able to render a real public service by continuing the publication of THE CYPRESS POCKET LIBRARY, convenient in size, authoritative in character, of probable value as a technical guide, and careful and scrupulous in its every statement or inference.

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HOTEL PURITAN

Commonwealth Ave. Boston
THE DISTINCTIVE BOSTON HOUSE
Globe Trotters call the Puritan one of
the most homelike hotels in the world.
Your Inquiries gladly answered
OT-Costello-gr and our booklet mailed

e Knickerbocker New Smyrna, sekeeping apartments, $150 to $300 for seaFishing, boating, golf. Emilie Robertson.

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HOTEL JUDSON 53 Washing

ton Square adjoining Judson Memorial Church. Rooms with and without bath. Rates $3.50 per day, including meals. Special rates for two weeks or more. Location very central. Convenient to all elevated and street car lines.

Health Resorts
"INTERPINES "

Beautiful, quiet, restful and homelike. Over
26 years of successful work. Thorough, re-
liable, dependable and ethical. Every com-
fort and convenience. Accommodations of
superior quality. Disorder of the nervous sys-
tem a specialty. Fred. W. Seward, Sr., M.D.,
Fred. W. Seward, Jr., M.D.. Goshen, N. Y.

Apartments

MODERN

To Sublet, Furnished 5-ROOM
EUROPE 1921 APARTMENT with southern exposure

in East Orange, N. J. 2 train
and trolley. From October 1 for 6 months
or longer. References exchanged. Address
John Adams, 63 Harvard Ave., Brookline, Mass.

TEACHERS WANTED for emergency va

MASS.cancies-public and private schools, colleges,

over country.
Agnew, 1254 Amsterdam Ave., New York.
WANTED-Teachers all subjects. Good
vacancies in schools and colleges. Interna-
tional Musical and Educational Agency, Car-
negie Hall, N. Y.

FOR THE HOME

HONEY. Delicious new clover honey direct from producer. Guaranteed pure and clean. 10 pounds $1.90, 5 pounds $1.05, postage prepaid Zones 1, 2, 3. Herbert A. McCallum, Great Barrington, Mass.

LINDEN The Ideal Place for Sick
Doylestown, Pa. An institution devoted to
People to Get Well
the personal study and specialized treat-
ment of the invalid. Massage, Electricity,
Hydrotherapy. Apply for circular to
ROBERT LIPPINCOTT WALTER, M.D.
(late of The Walter Sanitarium)

The Bethesda White Plains,

A private sanitarium for invalids and aged
who need care. Ideal surroundings. Address
for terms Alice Gates Bugbee, M.D. Tel. 241.

Real Estate

NEW YORK

ADIRONDACK CAMPS Furnished,

running water, inside toilet. Moderate rent for Sept. and Oct. Fine location. Supplies convenient. Jersey milk and cream. A. WARD, y, N. Y.

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School For Sale

FOR SALE A school for girls

and young women with overflow enrollment. Beautiful location. Unusual opportunity. 5,839, Outlook.

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BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

COOKING for PROFIT. Earn handsome income; home cooked food, catering, tea room, etc. Correspondence course. Am. School Home Economics, Chicago. SANITARIUM FOR SALE near New York. Now full to capacity; very profitable. Ideal climate and surroundings. Liberal terms. G. B. Studley, 152 Broadway, New York.

25

AVENVIE

WANTED-Competent teachers for public
and private schools. Calls coming every day.
Send for circulars. Albany Teachers' Agency,
Albany, N. Y.

DIETITIANS, superintendents, cafeteria managers, governesses, matrons, housekeepers, social workers, and secretaries. Miss Richards, Providence, East Side Box 5. CALIFORNIA.-We can place in California

and Arizona college graduates with post-
graduate study and seventeen months' teach-
ing experience, from the East, after this date
in fair quantity. Boynton Teachers' Agency,

PLACEMENT BUREAU for employer and employee: housekeepers, matrons, dietitians, secretaries, governesses, mother's helpers, attendants. 51 Trowbridge St., Cambridge, Mass.

MUSICAL

MASTERPIECES of piano music. Largest collection of standard (classic, modern, and operatic) compositions. Albert Wier, editor. 536 pages. Postpaid, $2.00. Altbayer, Fort Lee, N. J.

STATIONERY

YOUR own stationer charges $2 or more for as much paper as you buy from us at $1.50. We print your name and address on each sheet and envelope for nothing. Fine quality. Samples on request. Lewis, 284 Second Ave., Troy, N. Y.

HELP WANTED

Professional Situations

SECRETARY and office nurse for physician. Should know typing, some stenography, and have some knowledge of medical and surgical terms. 283, Outlook.

Companions and Domestic Helpers WANTED, by September 1, thoroughly reliable and experienced infants' nurse, to care for baby six weeks old. Permanent position if mutually satisfactory. Residence Rochester, N. Y. Best references required. 264, Outlook.

NURSERY governess wanted for three little girls, aged one, two, and three years. Mother expects to share all responsibilities and care of children. Please write, stating age and experience. Address Mrs. George M. Laughlin, 6821 Edgerton Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. MOTHER'S helper wanted about October 1. Fifteen minutes from New York. Write, stating age, references, and salary desired. 312, Outlook.

MOTHER'S helper, woman under 40, cheerful, capable, girls 4, 6, mending, assist housework in home of literary woman. Only person of settled plans, satisfied with improved country living (Long Island) need reply. I need a "right hand," give best treatment, chance extra pay. Send photo, experience. 319, Outlook.

WANTED, September 1, young woman to do plain cooking and daily fight washing and ironing, family of two adults, three children. Regular wash woman kept. American Protestant preferred. Good home in Philadelphia. Salary $45 month. References required." 323, Outlook.

LADY as working housekeeper, by middleaged couple, Northerners, college graduates, on apple farm in Virginia Blue Ridge. Position of equality, not menial. No heavy work; running water in house. References exchanged. 321, Outlook.

MOTHER'S helper for New York. Refined person under 40 for school girl 13. Must help light housework, sewing. References. 329, Outlook.

MOTHER'S helper or nursery governess, Protestant, refined, educated, age 30-40 years, for two children, ages four and six years, Summit, N. J. Situation permanent. Highest references essential. Salary $80. 328, Outlook.

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BRIGHT orphan boy, 14, anxious to wor way through Eastern boarding school, or a companion to invalid boy. Al reference E. B., 294 North Seventh St., Newark, N. J. YOUNG English woman as companion secretary, or governess offering French stenography, and painting. Would trave 310, Outlook.

REFINED Belgian lady wants positio housekeeper or lady's companion. Best ref erences. 318, Outlook.

COMPANION-Trustworthy experiences willing light assistance where help is kept 309, Outlook.

REGISTERED nurse, experienced travele would like to communicate with person de siring nurse as traveling companion. 32 Outlook.

COMPANION, nurse, housekeeper. Sout ern woman, not trained nurse, wishes to ca for gentleman or lady; one who is exquisite particular. Good traveler. Happy. Go salary expected. Al references. 307, Outlook

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GOVERNESS, 35, sensible, adjustable. de sires entire mental and physical care children. Experienced teacher; correctiv gymnastics; home nursing. Prefers travel but would consider housekeeper-governe position or supervising group of childre Highest references. Liberal salary expected Governess, care Mrs. Kirkpatrick, Linville North Carolina.

MISCELLANEOUS

BOYS wanted. 500 boys wanted to sell The Outlook each week. No investment necessary Write for selling plan, Carrier Department, The Outlook Company, 381 Fourth Ave New York City.

MISS Guthman, New York shopper, will send things on approval. No samples. Refer ences. 309 West 99th St.

CONSCIENTIOUS mother (former teacher) will give exceptional care to child in het country home (New Jersey). Indorsed by prominent physician. Tutoring if desired $15-$20 weekly. 297, Outlook.

ARTISTIC typewriting for authors. 314, Outlook.

INVALID or nervous patient cared for in physician's suburban home. Wife professiona nurse. 313, Outlook.

M. W. Wightman & Co. Shopping Agency established 1895. No charge; prompt delivery

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