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that he had never employed himself beyond the twisting of a whip, or the making of a pair of nute crackers, in which he only worked for his diversion, in order to make a, present now and then to his friends. The prisoner being asked, " what he could say for himself,” cast several reflections upon the honourable Mr. Gules; as, “ that he was not worth a groat; that nobody in the city would trust him for a half-peony; that he owed him money which he had promised to pay him several times, but never kept his word; and, in short, that he was an idle beggarly fellow, and of no use to the public.” This sort of language was very severely reprimanded by the Censor, who told the criminal, “ that he spoke in contempt of the court, and that he should be proceeded against for contumacy, if he did not change his style." The prisoner, therefore, desired to be heard by his counsel, who urged in his defence, * that he put on his hat through ignorance, and took the wall by accident." They likewise produced several witnesses, that he made several motions with his hat in his hand, which are generally understood as an invitation to the person we talk with to be covered, and that, the gentleman not taking the hint, he was forced to put on his hat, as being tronbled with a cold. There was likewise an Irishman, who deposed, "that he had heard him cough threeand-twenty times that morning.” And as for the wall, it was alleged, that he had taken it inadvertently, to save himself from a shower of rain which was then falling. The Censor, having coosulted the men of honour who sat at his right-hand on the bench, found they were all of opinion, that the de. fence made by the prisoner's counsel did rather aggravate than extenuate his crimc; that the motions aud intimations of the hat werc a tukun of superiority them wear a sword, and that consequently they had no right to quarrel upon a point of honour; to prevent such frivolous appeals for the future, they should both of them be tossed in the same blanket, and there adjust the superiority as they could agree on it between themselves.". The Censor confirmed the verdict.
Richard Newman was indicted by Major Punto, for having used the words, perhaps it may be so," in a dispute with the said Major. The Major urged 66 that the word perhaps was questioning his veracity, and that it was an indirect manner of giving him the lie.” Richard Newman had nothing more to
say for himself, than that 6 he intended no such thing; and threw himself upon the mercy of the court. The jury brought in their verdict special.
Mr. Bickerstaff stood up, and, after having cast his eyes over the whole assembly, hemmed thrice. He then acquainted them, “ that he had laid down a rule to himself, which he was resolved never to depart from, and which, as he conceived, would very much conduce to the shortening the business of the court: I mean," says he, never to allow of the lie being given by construction, implication or induction, but by the sole use of the word itself.” He then proceeded to shew the great mischief that had arisen to the English nation from that pernicious monosyllable; that it had bred the most fatal quare rels between the dearest friends; that it had frequently thinned the guards, and made great havock in the army ; that it had sometimes weakened the city trained bands; and, in a word, had destroyed many of the bravest men in the isle of Great Britain'. For the prevention of which evils for the future, he instructed the jury to present the word itself as a puisance in the English tongue; and further pro•
mised them, that he would, upon such their preferment, publish an edict of the court, for the entire banishment and exclusion of it out of the discourses and conversation of all civil societies, This is a true copy,
CHARLES LILLIE. Monday next is set apart for the trial of several female causes.
N. B. The case of the hassack will come on beo tween the hours of nine and ten.
N° 257. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1710.
In nova fert animus mutatas dicere formas
OVID. Met. i. 1.
From my own Apartment, November 29. EVERY nation is distinguished by productions that are peculiar to it. Great Britain is particularly fruitful in religions, that shoot up and flourish in this climate more than in any other. We are so fa. mous abroad for our great variety of sects and opi. pions, thạt ạn jogepious friend of mine, who is lately returned from his travels, assures me, there is a show at this time carried up and down in Germany, which represents all the religions iá Great Britain in wax-work. Notwithstanding that the pliancy of the matter, in which the innages are wrought, makes it capable of being moulded into all shapes and figures; my friend tells me, that he did not think it possible for it to be twisted and tortured into so many screw. ed fäces, and wry features, as appeared in several of the figures that composed the shew. I was indeed so pleased with the design of the German artist, that begged my friend to give me an account of it in all its particulars, which he did after the follow. ing manner.
“ I have often,” says he “been present at a show of elephants, camels, dromedaries, and other strange creatures, but I never saw so great an assembly of spectators as were met together at the opening of this great piece of wax-work,
We were all placed it a large hall, according to the price that we had paid for our seats. The curtain that'hung before the show was made by a master of tapestry, who hail woveä it in the figure of a monstrous Hydra that had several heads, which brandished out their tongues, and seemed to hiss' at each other. Some', of these heads were large and entire'; and where any of them had been lopped away, there sprouted up several in the room of them, insomuch, that for one head cut ofl, a mali might see ten, twenty, or an hundreds of a smaller size, creeping through the wound. In short, the whole picture was nothing but confusion and blood-shed. Ou a sudden;" says my friend, " I was startled with a flourish of
many musical instruments that I had never heard before, which was followed by a short tuve, if it might be so called, wholly made up of jars and discords. Among the rest, there was an organ, a bagpipe, a groaning board, a stentorophontic trumpet, with several wind instruments of a most disagreeable suund, which I do not so much as know the names of. After a short flourish, the curtain was drawn up, and we were presented with the most extraordinary assembly of figures that ever entered into a man's imagination. The design of the workman was so well expressed in the dumb show before us, that it was not hard for an Englishman to comprehend the meaning of it.
66 The principal figures were placed in a row, consisting of seven persons. The middle figure, which immediately attracted the eyes of the whole company, and was much bigger than the rest, was formed like a matron, dressed in the habit of an elderly woman of quality in Queen Elizabeth's days. The most remarkable parts of her dress were, the beaver with the steeple crown, the scarf that was darker than sable, and the lawn apron that was whiter than ermin. Her gown was of the richest black velvet; and just upon her heart studded with large diamouds of an inestimable value, disposed in the form of a cross. She bore an inexpressible cheerfulness and dignity in her aspect; and, though she seemed in years, appeared with so much spirit and vivacity, as gave her at the same time an air of old age and immortality. I found my heart touched with so much love and reverence at the sight of her, that the tears ran down my face as I looked upon her; and still the more I looked upon her, the more my heart was melted with the sentiments of filial ten. derness and duty. I discovered every moment something so charming in this figure, that I could scarce take my eyes off it. On its right hand there sat the figure of a woman so covered with ornaments, that her face, her body, and her bands, were almost en. tirely hid under them. The little you could see of her face was painted : and what I thought very odd, had something in it like artificial wrinkles; but I was the less surprised at it, when I saw upon her