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glory, the Curtis Building, where editors are lodged like kings and can be attained to (if at all) only through marble halls. We went to St. Peter's, where, suddenly awakening during the sermon, one would think one's self to be in a London city church; and to the Historical Museum, where I found among the Quaker records many of my own ancestors, and was bewildered amid such a profusion of relics of Penn, Washington, and Franklin. In the old Library were more traces of Franklin, including his famous electrical appliance—again testifying to the white flame with which American hero-worship can burn; and we found the sagacious Benjamin once more at the Franklin Inn, where the simplicity of the eighteenth century mingles with the humor and culture of the twentieth. We then drove through several miles of Fair. mount Park, stopping for a few minutes in the hope of finding the late J. G. Johnson's Vermeer in the gallery tbere; but for the moment it was in hiding, the walls being devoted to his Italian pictures.
Finally we drew up at the gates of that strange and imposing Corinthian temple which might have been dislodged from its original site and hurled to Philadelphia by the first Quaker, Poseidon—the Girard College. This solemn fane we were permitted to enter only on convincing the porter that we were no ministers of religion-an easy enough task for Mr. Newton, who wears with grace the natural abandon of a Voltairean, but a difficult one for . me. Why the worthy “merchant and
mariner was so suspicious of the cloth, such vividness, power, and truth! We To return to pictures, one of my spe- no matter what its cut, I do not know; have no example of his work in any cial purposes in visiting Boston was to no doubt he had his reasons; but his public gallery in London; nor have we see the decorations in the Public Li- prejudices are faithfully respected by anything by W. M. Chase, Arthur B. brary by Puvis de Chavannes, by Ab- his janitor, whose eye is a very gimlet Davies, Swain Gifford, J. W. Alex- bey, and by Mr. Sargent, and I was of suspicion. However, we got in and ander, George Inness, or De Forest pained to find that the work of the saw the philanthropist's tomb and his Brush. It is more than time for another two American artists has become so household effects behind those massive American Exhibition. As it is, the only dingy. The colors seem either to have columns. modern American artists of whom there sunk in or to be overlaid by grime. is any general knowledge in England The great Frenchman's cool tones have That evening I spent in Mr. Newton's are Mr. Sargent and Mr. Pennell, and worn better. And then I went to Mrs. library among Blake and Lamb and the late E. A. Abbey, G. H. Boughton, Jack Gardner’s, where I had the privi- Johnson autographs and MSS., breakand Whistler.
lege of seeing not only another of Amer. ing the Tenth Commandment with a The Boston Gallery also is the proud ica's Vermeers but another of America's recklessness that would have satisfied possessor of the rough and unfinished architectural fantasias—for the picture and delighted Stephen Girard's gatebut “speaking” likeness of George was isolated for me against a stone col- keeper; and the next day we were off Washington, by his predestined limner, umn in a courtyard that might have to Valley Forge to see with what imGilbert Stuart, and also a companion been in Florence.
aginative thoughtfulness the Governpresentment of Washington's wife.
ment has been transforming Washing. Looking upon this lady's countenance
ton's camp into a National Park and and watching a party of schoolgirls I was fortunate in the city over which restoring the old landmarks. It was a who were making the tour of the rooms, William Penn, in giant effigy, keeps fine spring day and the woods were not uncomforted on their arduous ad- watch and ward, in having as guide, flecked with the white and pink blosventure by chocolate and other confec- philosopher, and friend Mr. A. Edward soms of the dogwood-a tree which in tions, it occurred to me that if America Newton, the Johnsonian, and the author England is only an inconspicuous hedgeincreases her present love of eating of one of the best examples of “ amateur row bush, but here has both charm and sweets, due, I am told, not a little to literature that I know—“The Amenities importance and some of the unexpectprohibition, George Washington will of Book-Collecting.” Mr. Newton took edness of tropical growth. I wish we gradually disappear into the background me everywhere, even to the little seven- could acclimatize it. and Martha Washington, who has given teenth-century Swedish church, which The memorial chapel now in course her name to candy, be venerated instead architecturally may be described of completion on one of the Valley -the Sweet Mother of her Country. the antipodes of Philadelphia's newest Forge eminences seemed to me a very
admirable example not only of modern nearest approach to Fifth Avenue is, I misfortune. That article of furniture Gothic but of votive piety. And such suppose, Regent Street; but there are
we must suppose is for older civilizaa wealth of American symbolism cannot no mansions among the shops of Regent tions, where men have either, after exist elsewhere But in the severe little Street. Our shops are there and our earning the right to recline, taken cottage where Washington made his mansions are elsewhere, far away, in their ease gracefully, or have inherited headquarters, down by the stream, with what we call residential quarters--such their fortune and are partial to idleall his frugal campaigning furniture as Park Lane, Queen's Gate, the Bays- ness. It consorts ill with those who are and accessories in their old place, I water Road, and Grosvenor Square. still either continually and restlessly in felt more emotion than in the odor of To turn out of Fifth Avenue into the pursuit of the dollar or are engaged sanctity. The simple reality of it con- quiet streets where people live is to in the occupation of watching dollars quered the stained glass.
receive a distinct impression of sedate- arrive.
posed to convey. One has the same One of the things, I take it, for AmerLooking back on it all, I realize that feeling in the other great cities.
icans to learn is how to transform money America never struck me as a new
into a friend. So many men who ought * country, although its inhabitants often
to be quietly rejoicing in their riches seemed to be a new people. The cities But when it comes to their inhabi
seem still to be anxious and acquisitive; are more mature than the citizens. New tants, there are, to the English eye, fewer
so many men who have become sudYork, Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, signs of maturity. I have never been
, signs of maturity. I have never been denly wealthy seem to be allowing their Washington-all have an air of per- able to get rid of the idea that every gains to ruin their happiness. For the 3 manence and
age. The buildings, even one I have met in America, no matter Nation's good nearly every one, I fancy, 1 when most fantastic, suggest indige- how grave a senior, instead of being
how grave a senior, instead of being has too much money. or at least stability; nor really and self-consciously in the thick would the presence of more ancient of life, is only getting ready to begin. structures increase this effect. To the Perhaps this is due in part to the If I were an American, although I
eye of the ordinary Englishman, accus- pleasure, the excitement almost, which traveled abroad now and then (and I - tomed to work in what we call the City, American business men—and all Amer- hold that it is the duty of a man to see
in Fleet Street, in the Strand, in Picca- icans are business men—take in their other lands but live in his own), I should dilly or in Oxford Street, New York work. They not merely do it, but they
work. They not merely do it, but they concentrate on America. It is the counwould not appear to be a younger place enjoy doing it, and they watch thema
try of the future. than London, and Boston might easily selves doing it. They seem to have a I am glad I have seen it and now | strike bim as older. Nor is London knack of withdrawing aside and observ- know something-however slightmore than a little older, except in spots, ing themselves as from the stalls, not
, about it, at first hand. I made many such as the Tower and the Temple and without applause. In other words, they friends there and amassed innumerable the Abbey and that little Tudor row in dramatize continually. Now one does delightful memories. But what is the Holborn, all separated by vast tracts of not do this when one is old—it is a use of eight weeks ? I am ashamed not modernity. Indeed, I would almost go child's game-and it is another proof to have come sooner and humiliated by further and say that London sets up an that they are younger than we, who do the brevity of my stay. I have had the illusion of being newer even than New not enjoy our work, and indeed most opportunity only to lift a thousand curYork, by reason of its more disturbing of us are ashamed of it, and want the tains, get a glimpse of the entertainment street traffic both in the roads and on world to believe that we live like the on the other side and drop them again. the footways, and the prevalence of the lilies on private means.
I should like to come here every other gayly colored omnibus which thunders Similarly, many Americans seem, year and have time-time to make the along so many thoroughfares, in notable when they talk, to be two persons- acquaintance of a naturalist and learn contrast with the sedate and sober vehi- one the talker and the other the listener, from him the names of birds and trees cles that serve Fifth Avenue and are charmed by the quality of his discourse. and flowers ; time to disregard the sailhardly seen elsewhere.
There is nothing detrimental in such ing of ships ; time to loiter in the Meanwhile an illusion of antiquity is duplicity. Indeed, I think I have a very byways; time to penetrate into deeper set up by New York's habit of commin- real envy of it. But I have no envy of strata where intimacies strike root and gling business houses and private resi- the American man's inability to “loaf the real discoveries are made ; time to dences—which surely belongs to an and invite his soul," as his great demo- discern beneath the surface, so hard and older order of society. In London we cratic poet was able to do. I think his assured, something fey, something wisthave done away with such a blend. Our unfamiliarity with armchair life is a ful, the sense of tears.
A great agricultural revolution is taking place in America. J. Madison
From H. Colin Campbell, Oak Park, 111.
A CONCRETE OIL TANKER BUILT IN AN UNUSUAL WAY AFTER AN UNUSUAL DESIGN The accompanying views show various stages and features of construction of one of two concrete vessels intended for the transport of crude oil from the Mexican fields at Tampico to Texas refineries. These unusual vessels have been building for several months. They are novel not only in form but because of the methods followed in their construction. The entire hull and most of the superstructure are of concrete. The bow and stern sections were cast in normal position, but the several sections between going to make up the entire vessel were cast vertical, just as concrete tanks are
built, then lowered into place, properly lined up and connected by depositing cement with the device known as a cement gan
- THE BOOK TABLE: DEVOTED TO BOOKS AND THEIR MAKERS F. THE “JUST ISSUED” OF FIFTY YEARS AGO
years, there were a-many others of
tried and valued skill, equally silent for BY WARWICK JAMES PRICE
the time. Carlyle, though alive, had ceased
to write. Bancroft, working steadily upon HAT were the new books put into been open for traffic rather more than a
his periodically published volumes, sent our grandparents' hands in 1871? year, and the Mont Cenis Tunnel had
none to the press in '71. Parkman's “ Old What stories and poems were they just been completed. The Polaris expedi- Régime in Canada,” to be the fifth in his reading fresh from the presses of that tion was setting out on a vain quest for the splendid series, was in the making only. mid-Victorian day, with Grant seated in Pole. Revolt the
ld its customary, stage Motley, just recalled from the AmbassaAmerican White House? What in Mexico. Japan was abolishing feudal- dorship of St. James's, had begun upon the “heavier ” works were serving as texts ism. French and American troops were “ John of Barnevelde,” to be offered the for a more serious few-titles now cata- ashore in Korea, protecting, interests
Green's logued as history or science, philosophy or which a religious outbreak had threatened.
“Short History” and Stubbs's “ Constitureligion, then first winning right to the In this country, New York was agog over tional History” were also to appear in '74. “standard” position they have come to the exposure of the Tweed Ring and Grant
Forster was closing his Life of Dickens, enjoy ? Despite the space so called for, it was to take the first step towards Civil
while that co-laborer of “Boz,” Wilkie Colwould be more than a little interesting to Service Reform. George William Curtis, lins, having finished his “ Man and Wife” give the full list of the issues of half a by the by, then seated in the “ Editor's
the summer previous, was now supervising century back, for nothing would better Easy Chair" in the house of Harpers, was the dramatizing and producing of “The prove the contention that of every 1,000
Woman in White,” which a dozen years volumes 650 fail to outlive the very year
before had introduced English novel readof issue, that only 100 reach a ten-year
ers to the delightfully wicked Fosco and life, and that not above a dozen exceed
boringly virtuous Fairlie. It was the year that. This is out of the question, however.
when Besant and Rice, having formed one Such statistics are probably not attainable
of the happiest partnerships known to leteven by the patient research of delving
ers, were casting into shape" Ready Money scholarship. Only, a very few, relatively
Mortiboy.” Charles Kingsley and George speaking, may be here set down; the best
Meredith and Samuel Clemens, whatever of the period, of course, generally con
they may have been writing, were publishsidered, though of real interest, too, albeit
ing nothing ; “ Mark Twain,” indeed, was of other sort, since, as Andrew Lang once
at the moment settling down in the new said, “Tell me the books a man reads
house at Hartford, too busy to think of startand I'll tell you the kind of man he is.”
ing on a successor to “ Innocents Abroad.” So, what manner of folk were our fathers'
The poetic sensation of the world was still and mothers' fathers and mothers ?
the “ Collected Poems ” which Dante GaThe background to the literary events
briel Rossetti had sent forth, to be attacked of 1871 was not unlike that of to-day, in
so virulently in ’72 by Robert Buchanan's that a war had but just closed and political
“ The Fleshly School” in the “ Contempohappenings of lasting import were occur
rary Review," and to be defended so scathring in parts of Europe. January 18 saw the
ingly (to Buchanan et al.) by the young King of Prussia proclaimed German Em
Swinburne in his “ Under the Microscope. peror in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles,
Edwin Arnold (still a half-dozen years short and a fortnight later Paris capitulated. The
of Iris “ Sir ") was silent, as were Whittier Commune burst in mid-March. August
and Holmes. Bayard Taylor, with the scholclosed with order again restored and Thiers
arly “ Faust
its road duly named first President of the Third Re
of long success, was beginning “The public. The second of the two main cur
Masque of the Gods.” Aldrich, editing rents of European events was of course
Every Saturday,” found no time for versithe unification of Italy under the “Great”
fying on his own account. Victor Emmanuel. The doctrine of Papal to serve on the Civil Service Commission, But there were “big books,” none the Infallibility marked the time, it is true, writing,
“It may well
less. Robert Browning, for instance, then but the Papal States had ceased to exist while work to which I ever laid hand,” to living, a widower, on Warwick Crescent, as a separate entity in the peninsula, and George Henry Boker, then just gone out to published in 1871 not only his “Prince Rome's self had become the capital of the Constantinople as our Minister to the Porte. Hohenstiel-Schwangau," but also “ Balaus
" Kingdom, with Pius IX quite literally a It was the
tion's Adventure," and Bryant, just off for prisoner in the Vatican. In which con- and Paul de Kock, of Alice and Phæbe a year in Mexico, found time between his nection it is to the point to recall that Cary (within six months one of the other), addresses on Italian liberty and Morse to Richard Henry Dana, Jr., “Free Soiler” and of the veterans Grote and Ticknor.
supervise the issue of his authoritative as he had been in the years following his It was the birth year of Synge and “Con- translation of the Odyssey. On the stirring “Two Years Before the Mast," iston ” Churchill. Vaughan Moody and heels of this unquestioned volume came now set to paper his “Letters on Italian Lawrence Binyon were babes in arms, Darwin's “ Descent of Man," so widely Unity," to-day forgotten, though then Gorky and Rostand were toddlers, Clyde questioned as to find Frances Power Cobb widely read.
Fitch and Kipling, H. G. Wells and Le but one of thousands feeling “deadliest Gladstone was another of the many pub- Gallienne were in the nursery, W. W. alarm ” upon its reading; nor was fourlicists of the time to express high hopes of Jacobs and “Anthony Hope," W. J. year-old Finley Peter Dunne yet able to Italy's enlarged future, but these were Locke and “Q,” scarce out of it. School reassure us with his pleasant idea about it conțned to his speeches in the Commons, days were opening for Hewlett and Sea- being, after all, better to be an improvewhere he had been for three years leading man and Barrie and Owen Wister, for ment on a monkey than a degenerated his first Government. His great opponent, Crockett and Doyle and Jerome, for Mar- archangel. To balance Darwin, as it were, Disraeli, was in that same twelvemonth garet Deland and Alice Brown. Woodrow James Freeman Clarke, then closing his preparing his novels for collected issue, Wilson had reached the antiquity of fif- Harvard professorship in natural religion the Lothair” of '70 rounding out the teen; Jusserand was a year older still, and Christian doctrine, in '71 issued the trio of “ Coningsby," "Sybil," and "Tan- while legal maturity had but then come to first of his searching volumes on the “ Ten cred,” which had stirred the select circles Du Maupassant and Robert Louis Steven- Great Religions of the World.” Lowell, of the later forties. In 1871 the British son, Pierre Loti and Augustine Birrell whose “ Among My Books ” had assured Commission
the revision of the Bible and Eugene Field. Henley was taking the him the year before of primacy in Amerhad been at work for several months ; first tentative steps in London journalism; ican literary criticism, now came out with Stanley was in Africa on that famous Lanier was making a beginning at the the no less finished and delightful papers search which was at last to lead him to law in his father's Southern office.
of “ My Study Window.” the lost Livingston; the Suez Canal had If these were yet a distance from pro- Shali one set beside « The Descent of
(C) George Grantham Bain
BY JOHN MASEFIELD
Man” and “ Balaustion ” “ Alice Through Stoddard, the latter a clerk in the offices it was bound to be, since it was, after all, no the Looking-Glass ” and “ Middlemarch” ? of the Dock Commission. Lowell was in more than a metrical paraphrase of the Or, to put it another way, what are the '71 serving his last year as editor of the unapproachable Gospel telling of the relative values of scientific surmise and “ North American Review,” printing there story-even as Tennyson's “Gareth and poetic inspiration on the one side, and
many of the "My Study Window” papers, Lynette,” also of the '71 vintage, falls fanciful imagination and great character with Charles Francis Adams, Jr., covering noticeably below the level of the earlier delineation on the other? Time herself so very modern-sounding a topic as “ The “ Idylls.” Ruskin in this twelvemonth set has given true answer ; Casaubon will out
his name to two title-pages not of first live Balaustion, and the “Carroll” phi
value—“ Fors Clavigera” and “At Last.” losophy has won a larger following than ON GROWING OLD
Huxley, serving on the London School Darwin's. Beyond all doubting, it is com
Board, issued a volume of essays, Free
(From “Enslaved and Other Poems '') pletely worth affectionate recalling that in
man another, Froude his work on “ Cal1871 the Mathematical Lecturer of Christ
vinism,” and Tyndall his “Hours of ExerChurch exactly doubled the world's debt to Be with me Beauty for the fire is cise in the Alps.” “Friendship’s Garland” him by following the “Wonderland ” Alice dying,
was assuredly below the expected level of of 66 with this later chronicle of her My dog and I are old, too old for Matthew Arnold, who had just been adventures behind the mantel glass in her
awarded the order of Commander of the father's drawing-room. Tweedledum and Man, whose young passion sets the Crown of Italy in recognition of his tutor-dee, the Mad Hatter and the White spindrift flying
ship of the Duke of Genoa; and Sir Arthur Knight, the Walrus and the Carpenter, Is soon too lame to march, too cold Helps, a C. B. on the latest Honor List, what, an enriching was there of our happi- for loving.
put out “ Trivia ” and a Life of Cortez. est memories, what a spring of perpetual
There were other “ second rankers,” as
I take the book and gather to the fire, enjoyment! We were some day to have his
we now place them, yet deserving of immortal Snark, and “ Sylvie and Bruno
Turning old yellow leaves; minute by
reminiscent mention; Palgrave's “Lyrical
minute, were to sail into a sea of popularity, thanks
Poems," for one, uninspired but scholarly largely to the Alician craft which had led
The dock ticks to my heart; a with
and far more readable than its present
ered wire the way, but it was 1871's volume which
day neglect might suggest, and, for another, signed and sealed, while men shall read and
Moves a thin ghost of music in the
the “ Admetus,” which had then just come children wonder, Dr. Dodgson's diploma
from the youthful hand of the immensely as one of the Immortals of Letters. The
I cannot sail your seas, I cannot talented Emma Lazarus, her second volplace of “Middlemarch " in English fiction
ume, though she was not yet twenty-three. is too assured to debate, however real a Your cornland, nor your hill-land nor It was the year of Trollope's “Sir Harry ground exists for the question as to whether your valleys,
Hotspur ” and “Ralph the Heir," of or not it is George Eliot's greatest story. Ever again, nor share the battle yonder Reade's “ Terrible Temptation ” (followComparatives are uncalled for certainly Where the young knight the broken ing sharply after that “Put Yourself in when one thinks again of the consistent squadron rallies.
His Place” which had presented labor hold the tale maintains on its readers, and
trouble in a way strangely modern), of of the perfect craftsmanship of the work
Only stay quiet while my mind re-
the “ Tower Hill” of Ainsworth, with which brought to us the miser Featherstone and the caustic Mrs. Cadwallader,
“Boscobel” next to come, and of two of The beauty of fire from the beauty of
the most delightful of the William Black
embers. Dorothea and the hypocritical Bulstrode.
romances—“A Daughter of Heth” and First editions of the novel bear date of Beauty, have pity, for the strong have "The Monarch of Mincing Lane,” though 1872, but its inclusion in this roster is
the latter came from the presses anonyjustified through the fact that in the close The rich their wealth, the beautiful mously. Eggleston then sent forth “The of 1871 it began its serial appearances in
Hoosier Schoolmaster," the first of his eight the honored pages of old “Blackwood's.” Summer of man its sunlight and its stories, and Louisa Alcott followed the The closing word of the paragraph sug
ever-charming “Little Women” of '68 gests that '71 saw several changes of note Spring time of man all April in a face. and “ An Old-Fashioned Girl” of '70 with in the more famous of the literary periodi
“ Little Men." cals. Leslie Stephen had just gone over to
Only, as in the jostling in the Strand,
Are some of these close upon being
Where the mob thrusts or loiter's or is edit the “ Cornhill,” which Thackeray had
forgotten? What, then, of Bulwer's “Justarted a dozen years before. De Blowitz
lian Fane" and Mrs. Stowe's “ Pink then took service with the London “Times,”
The beggar with the saucer in his
and White Tyranny,” of Henry Kingsley's
hand and John Boyle O'Reilly then became
“Hetty” and Mrs. Craik's “Hannah”-all part owner and whole editor of the Boston
Asks only a penny from the passing
of '71's imprint? This mention of “ Miss
crowal, Pilot,” in which his songs were appear
Mulock,” by the way, suggests still another ing. Howells, supplanting James T. Fields So, from this glittering world with all of the books of the day—one which nret in the “Atlantic” offices, was contributing
with most enthusiastic welcoming though it “ Their Wedding Journey” to its pages, Its fire and play of men, its stir, its now rests gray with the undisturbed dust of where were carried, too, Fields's “ Our
years. Mrs. Craik had stood godmother Whispering Gallery”-a title advisedly Let me have wisdom, Beauty, wisdom to Philip Bourke Marston, had addressed changed later, for publication between and passion,
to him her “ Philip My King,” and now book covers, to“Yesterdays with Authors.” Bread to the soul, rain where the sum
this blind poet, just of legal age, gave John Hay's “ Castilian Days” was in its ·mers parch.
the public that “Song-Tide and Other last installment as ’71 came in; Henry
Poems” which no less a one than Dante James's “ Watch and Ward ” took over its
Give me but these, and though the
Rossetti thought " worthy of Shakespeare
darkness close space. Fiske, only five years out of Har
in his subtlest lyric moods." Alas for the vard, was writing for the magazine his
Even the night will blossom as the
judgments of past time! One wonders if · Light and Darkness.” Harte, who had
an examination of Whipple's “Success and just come East from a University of Cali-,
its Conditions,” the last of the forty titles fornia professorship and liis success as Government and the Railroad Corpora- this semi-centenary list, embodied editor of the “ Overland,” set his name tions."
criteria as little dependable. among those of Higginson and Lydia Maria Whitman and Longfellow, Tennyson and
POETRY Child and Stedman, Saxe and Celia Thax- Ruskin, and not a few other men of first
Enslaved and Other Poems. By John Maseter, Longfellow and Whittier and the Carys, rank, were publishing in 1871, but issuing field. The Macmillan Company, New York.
“ Atlantic” contributor. “Putnam's works not of their best. The “ Democratic Mr. Masefield has again vindicated liis was in its heyday, with Parke Godwin at Vistas” of the “Good Gray Poet,” for right to be placed among the very foremost the helm, accepting material from such instance, was certainly neither of the cali- of modern English poets. His mastery of veterans as Buchanan Read and Goldwin ber of the “ Leaves of Grass” of '55 or rhythm and his narrative power were never Smith (who was packing up to seek To- the later “ Specimen Days.” Longfellow's more strikingly shown than in the present ronto after his Cornell years), and such “ Divine Tragedy” is perhaps the weak- volume. One of the shorter poems from newcomers as John Burroughs and R. H. est link in his poetic trilogy, as, indeed, this collection is republished on this page.