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CONCERNING THE OFFICER
(Continued) and file of the citizenship of the country. Every soldier who showed qualities of leadership had the opportunity to become an officer. Men were constantly being withdrawn from their units and sent to officers' training camps.
In a certain company which later attained some slight distinction there was a private who signed his check for ten thousand dollars without batting an eyelash, but he remained a private to the end of his military career. In the same company a red-haired Irishman without visible means of support was a corporal in ten days and a lieutenant two months later. The one was a business success; the other, a natural born fighter and leader of men.
There is more truth than poetry in the song recently popularized, "I've Got My Captain Working for Me Now.” Many a man who marched away to war returned several military notches above the president of the local bank to whom he had looked up as a business and social superior
. All of which goes to show that the qualities necessary for success in military and in civil life are not the same. General Grant failed in business, yet as a military leader he had few superiors. Napoleon was almost an outcast in his boyhood days, yet he nearly dominated the world by force of arms. It may
be well to remember that real officers are born and not made. There were thousands of soldiers in the United States Army who could not read and write their own names. Such men would hardly make good officers, though as individual fighting men they might be superb. On the other hand, many a man with a university degree might be entirely incapable of leadership. Such men sometimes won commissions, yet they were not real officers. A mere eagle on the shoulder can never transform a colonel out of a “nut."
Some officers were failures simply because they were out of their element. An infantry officer must be physically above the average, and must possess a personality which inspires his men to excel. A fat officer in the Quartermaster Corps might be a failure in the line and yet be a wonder in his own field. But a mistake in adjustment was irretrievable. It was easier to get a transfer to heaven than to another branch of the service. Again the doughboy paid the penalty for the weakness of his superiors, and grumbled accordingly.
It may, after all, be agreed that the officer was an average sort of a person, posses. sing human faults, some personal and some springing from the rigidity of the military procedure, for which he was not at all to blame. Some day we may fight a war with the army composed of all privates--the French tried that; or we may have an army of generals, according to the Mexican fashion. In either case we may look back with a more appreciative eye to the officers of to-day.
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Send for Fall and Winter Catalogue No. 35
mailed free on request.
James McCutcheon & Co. Fifth Avenue, 34th and 33d Sts., New York
AND THEY WONDER WHY
EDITORS SEE RED Having just received The Outlook datel September 1, and on reading the article by Luther Fry on page 18 (" And They Wonder Why We're Red”] I wish to express my indignation and disgust at The Outlook for publishing such propaganda favoring the I. W. W. This article, verily believe, was composed from the
AND THEY WONDER WHY EDITORS
(Continued) whole cloth in the imagination of Fry. He never met such a man and no such conversation ever took place. However, it is flimsy stuff. Why would a man go out to a lumber camp and ask for a soft job? Lumbering is the hardest kind of work. A fellow who wants a loafing job, as the I. W. W. fellows generally do, always goes where they know such jobs cannot be had. Why should the company's doctor treat a man who comes to work for the company sick before he begins ? If this fellow was in the Army and in France, as he states, the Government at Washington was the proper place for him to apply, since his wounds rendered him unable to work. Truly, I am surprised that The Outlook will print such stuff.
This article will do much good to incite I. W.W.'s to make trouble. The “intrepid lumberjack” does no harder work than the fireman in the depth of the steamship. Scrubwomen do as hard work as he does. The farmer works without limit of time and at all times at the hardest kind of work. One would think The Outlook sympathizes with Victor Berger and the five Assemblymen in New York. I am truly puzzled at The Outlook. WILLIAM W. WELCH.
Paterson, New Jersey.
More Bubble Grains
THE SHOP HAND AND THE
FARM HAND In all the enlightening discussion that has gone on in the various publications, The Outlook included, it seems to the writer that some things have been quite forgotten or overlooked. Men who are frantically endeavoring to keep up with the amazing speed of the high cost of living seem to think that the higher the wages,
the - more easily can one keep his head above water, forgetting that there are other elements to be considered, and that conditions and environment count for much. First, let us look for a moment at the shop hand. His work is always under cover. He is protected from sun and storm. There are ventilation and fresh-air appliances. Sometimes cool waters run through his place of work. In winter the shop is
kept warm. It is sanitary. Often he remains for many hours at the bench or machine, hardly changing his position, or
he sits and watches his machine, carefully adjusting it, oiling it, caring for its production. He has his eye upon the clock. He rings in and rings out. There is much monotony, little sociability. Seldom is he in close contact with the old man,' designates his employer. His foreman, too, is often more or less a stranger to him. He is never supposed to be invited to the home of his employer ; never takes a meal with him, cares nothing for him; has no - special interest in what is going on more chan to get his wage. Nor is he always very eager to earn what is paid him. After ne rings out at night he leaves all his pares, so far as his work is concerned, and goes home, quite frequently to his rented home. After his evening meal he goes out on the street with the boys, attends the novies or the card table, or strolls here Eind there. If he has an auto (and now nost of the shop men have them), he goes or a drive. He spends little time at home with his family. As a rule, he does ot read much. He is too weary or aborbed in other things. No matter how
Millions of dishes coming Direct from the harvest fields we get the choicest wheat that grows. Then we seal the grains in guns, apply a fearful heat and explode them. They come out as bubble grains, flimsy and flakypuffed to eight times normal size. Yet the grains remain shaped as they grew.
Every night of the coming year millions of children will enjoy this Puffed Wheat in their bowls of milk.
Three grains now exploded Three grains are now puffed by Prof. Anderson's process, and each has its own delights.
Puffed Wheat and Puffed Rice are whole grains. Corn Puffs are corn hearts puffed.
All are thin and airy—all have exquisite flavor. And every food cell is blasted for easy, complete digestion.
Serve all of them in all the ways you can, for no other form of grain food can compare with these.
Puffed Puffed Corn Wheat Rice
Puffs Also Puffed Rice Pancake Flour
For nutty, fluffy pancakes
Now we make a pancake flour mixed with ground Puffed Rice. It makes nutlike, fluffy pancakes — the finest ever tasted. The flour is self-raising, so the batter is made in a moment. Try this new dainty. Ask for Puffed Rice Pancake Flour.
The Quaker Oats Company
Japan-China Four special tours to che Orient. Sailing during October,
November and December. Visiting Japan, Korea China,
October 20th to the South Sea Islands.
Sailing East and West during the months of October, NoWorld
vember and December. Parties are limited to fifteen and
will be accompanied by our most experienced leaders. South America Seasonable tours to South America will be popular this
winter. The American Express Company have under consideration tours to both the East and West Coast and would like to have travelers who contemplate visiting South
America write for details, giving time of contemplated trip Europe-1921 Special facilities to visit Europe are provided by the Fall and
Winter Tours offered by the American Express Company.
detail make these tours most enjoyable. West Indies We will operate our popular cruises this winter as usual.
Definite dates of departure will be announced later but it is recommended that those contemplating making the cruises this season write for tentative reservations, giving month
desired. California Numerous tours throughout the season. Stopover privileges,
permitting the traveler to go out with one tour and return
with another. Independent Tours to fit any pocketbook. Including first-class rail or
water transportation, Pullman, hotel accommodations and sightseeing. All reservations made prior to departure. This department can help you plan your tour. Booklets on request.
of the above Tours and Cruises address the nearest office For Details
65 Broadway, New York
SAN FRANCISCO PHILADELPHIA MINNEAPOLIS CHICAGO
LOS ANGELES BALTIMORE PITTSBURGH
MILWAUKEE SEATTLE WASHINGTON CLEVELAND
KANSAS CITY DENVER
THE SHOP HAND AND THE FARM HANI
(Continued) high his wages, he usually spends all he makes to the last dollar. These things are true, not only of the machinist, but of the bookkeeper, the clerk. Many of the latte are young people away from home. They rent a room, get their meals when an where they can, often living on two meals a day. They dress well, often better than their employers. They spend money freely for all they desire—tobacco, candy, soft drinks, the movies. The doctor finds his largest practice among these people. Many of them are buying homes on the installment plan, buying autos on the installmen plan, buying their clothing and furniture on the installment plan.
The man in the shop is working forever with things—dead things, things controlled by mechanical laws. His machine is never responsive to his perplexities or his heart ache. Some of these men attend night schools and are pushing on, with an eye to promotion and more money. Many, very many, are unmarried men.
With the farm hand, or the “hired man,” all these things are very different, widely different. He works by the month. He is supposed to [est or do lighter work about the barn or house when it rains. He loses no time. He i in the open, under the blue skies or clouded skies. He gets the fresh breeze. Of course sometimes it is very warm; at other times it is biting cold. Sometimes there is mud, at other times dust. He tramps over the soft earth. He handles various tools, never confined to one for any length of time. It is mower, or reaper, or plow, or fork, or rake, or potato digger
. He is in close contact with life-growing, beautiful, and interesting life. The birds sing for him, the flowers bloom for him, the sunset and sunrise glories are for him. The freshest fruits and best vegetables are for him. He is acquainted with his boss." He sleeps under the same roof and eats at the table with the farmer's family. He is one of that family, and often a very welcome one. He does not ring in in the morning and ring out at night. He does not watch the clock. He can but have some keen interest in what he is doing. He grows anxious about what he has helped to plant and cares for the ripened crops, He is on familiar terms with “ Tom and Jerry,” the team he drives, and with "Old Bess and Molly,” the cows he milks. The sprightly pigs and the skipping lambs are a source of delight to him. He develops a real fondness for “Fido,” the dog, and “ Brindle,” the cat. He plays with the farmer's children, and finds in the farmer's wife a real motherly soul, interested in him. When night comes, he sits with the family and reads the paper or talks on agriculture and current events. It is not uncommon to find on the farmer's table the best of farm journals, best daily papers, and such periodicals as The Qutlook. These the hired
can enjoy freely. When Sunday morning comes, the hired man is invited to ride to the little country church with the family, and may enjoy as good a sermon as he would or could in the city. This is not always true, but sometimes it is true. Last year tue following circumstances came under the writer's observation. They are well worth pondering, for they have probably been repeated in many columns nities :
There was a farmer who needed help He had a good tenant house. He gave : man from the city the use of that house, a
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THE SHOP HAND AND THE FARM HAND
(Continued) fine garden of half an acre, the use of one of the best cows, and a pen for a pig. That house in the city would rent for $25 per month. That cow was worth to that man's family $100 a year. That pig, when fattened, could have been sold for at least $60. The farmer paid the man and his son, a boy about eighteen years of age, each $60 a month, or $1,440 for the year, besides all the garden, cow, and pig, which latter the hired man kept at his own cost. The cow was fed by the farmer. At the end of the year that hired man had saved the first hundred dollars in all his life. He was not satisfied. About six months ago he left the farm, came to the city, rented a house at $30 per month. He had to pay for moving, has no garden, no cow, no pig. After six months he has spent the $100 and is now deeply in debt, and yet he and his son have each averaged not less than $5 a day since coming back to the city. Why is this? The trouble is not hard to find. While this man and his son have really earned more cash in the last six months than they did in the preceding twelve months, their expenses have gone far ahead of their earnings. Now they pay 65 cents for butter, $4 a bushel for potatoes, 14 cents a quart for milk. Their clothing is much more expensive; they go with the crowd to the movies. The doctor calls frequently-at the rate of $3 per call in daylight and $5 a call at night. Meat for that family is no small item. There is often lost time. Yet the lure of the city has been so powerful and that rushing life so potent to draw that this family, like tens of thousands of others, are in the swim. The farmers are heroically struggling and offering really more in one form or another of compensation to workers, but their call is unheard or unheeded.
Some time, in some way, the eyes of the masses will be opened.
C. W. STEPHENSON.
CHINA, the Mysterious and Marvellous
By FULLER L. WALDO, Philadelphia “Public Ledger"
The Dawn of a of Daniel Bliss
New Era in Syria First President of the Syrian
By_MARGARET MCGILVARY Protestant College, Syria
AT ALL BOOKSELLES
(Beirut Chapter, Red Cross)
A deeply interesting account of Missionnry and Educator. By His Eldest Son
what happened in Syria during C The story of early days ; As mig
the past five years. A book possessing sionary in the Lebanon ; Crea
historical, missionary and political sigtion of the Syrian Protestant College,
nificance of more than ordinary value. etc., etc. Illustrated.
New York, 158 Fifth Ave.
The New Fall Books
IS THIS TYPICAL ? E I ara by profession a music teacher, and j have pupils of all nations and classes come 1
studio. About a year ago a young woman came who happened to be a native of Tipperary, Ireland. She was a member
of the peasant class of the most self-respectdi ing kind.
She had been to the parochial school at -s home, and had a fair common-school educa
tion. In the course of conversation (without the least idea of quizzing on my part), I gradually found this person to be absolutely uninformed about some facts of political geography. Her ignorance to me seemed incomprehensible almost. To sum it up, I found she had no idea of the extent of the British Empire. She had not even heard of India, Australia, or New Zealand. She had no idea Scotland and England were under the same Government, and asked, “ Where is Wales ?” “ I've met people,” said she, “who said they were British and that they came from Wales, and I wondered where Wales might be.
Now to what extent does such ignorance exist among the mass of the Irish people ? If such ignorance is general, one need not be surprised at many things. It has occurred to me that perhaps they never even heard of the German invasion of Belgium or the massacre of the Armenians.
Publishers are now preparing to bring out a wide variety of literature for fall and winter reading. Many of the new books will be advertised in The Outlook.
The issues of October 6th, November 3d, and December 1st will be especially devoted to announcements by the leading book publishers.
Let The Outlook help you select your books.
The Financial Department is prepared to furnish information regarding standard investment securities, but cannot undertake to advise the purchase of any specific security. It will give to inquirers facts of record or information resulting from expert investigation, and a nominal charge of one dollar per inquiry will be made for this special service. All letters of inquiry should be addressed to THE OUTLOOK FINANCIAL DEPARTMENT, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York.
INDUCEMENTS TO SAVE
URING the early part of the summer the stock market was very inactive and price changes from day to day and
week were extremely slight. The volume of business in both stocks and bonds was small, and quotations were generally lower than they had been in some time. Business is apt to be slack in the summer. Quotations were low principally because of high money rates ; also as a result of the industrial unrest and uncertainty in this country and the political and economic conditions obtaining throughout practically the whole world. Investors and dealers in securities were inclined to caution ; too many disturbing things seemed on the point of happening to justify any prolonged upward swing of security prices. The public was
loth to buy, and without the participation of the public the market seldom goes very far forward. And yet when things looked their worst and gloom was most widespread a banker who was asked to give his opinion concerning the prospect for better things replied, without hesitation, “ Buy anything on the list, except the motors.' This, of course, was a general statement, and to be accepted as such, with allowances. His opinion, however, was the one generally held by men in a position to speak with authority. Moreover, he was merely stating the old, old rule, that the time to buy is when things look blackest.
What has happened since that time? Industrial conditions in this country have shown unmistakable signs of improve
The Sincerest Flattery.
JANY features of the Straus Plan of safe investment, such
as our amortization provisions, which we originated and
The Straus Plan is not only a strict and scientific system of safeguards.
This House has been a pioneer in developing new principles, new