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OCTOBER 13, 1920
THE GAMBLERS AND
in a business way, should be placed on The subject of that mandate he puts in THE BALL PLAYERS
the National Commission—the joint these words : THE more the facts become known commission which acts as final court of
The chief question that is put to as regards bribery and game-sell- resort for the two major leagues. Ex- you is, of course: Do you want your ing in baseball, the more evident is President Taft's name is one of those country's honor vindicated and the
Treaty of Versailles ratified ? Do you it that the professional gambler is at the suggested. Congressman Longworth deroot of the evil. Not that this is an excuse clares that National legislation should
in particular approve of the League of
Nations as organized and empowered for the players who sold out their club, control gambling. One of the best base
in that Treaty? And do you
wish to their city, and the tens of thousands of ball writers, Mr. W.0. M'Geehan, of see the United States play its responsiardent admirers who “ rooted” for the New York “Tribune," says a word
ble part in it ? them in full faith that they were seeing in season well worth quoting:
President Wilson avers that the peoan honest contest. One, at least, of It is not fair that the
exposures at ple of the country have been misled these players received a salary of Chicago should create suspicion against with regard to the Treaty and the $10,000 for his summer's work and
the entire professional game, but the
But what of the sure-thing gam-
bet gno Criscile with their whispers of " easy money." This exposure should awaken the country not only to the menace to baseball but to the National character.
"GET OUT OF THE GAME!" A cartoon by Homer Davenport, reprinted from Mr. A. G. Spalding's“ America's National Game."
League. He sets forth America as It refers to baseball scandals forty-five years ago,
“ the light of the world” and he dewhich led to a reform like that now going on PRESIDENT WILSON'S APPEAL clares “this light the opponents of the was sure of a bonus of some thousands of HAT he calls “the most momen- League would quench.” He reminds dollars (player's share) from the World's
tous issue that has ever been the country of the great expectations Series even if his club failed to win the presented to the people of the United which the United States created in championship. The players cheated sim- States” is the subject of an appeal to other nations by entering the war and ply and solely because they coveted the people of the country issued by helping to bring it to a victorious con
All honor to the President Wilson on October 3. Pre- clusion. He denies emphatically that 1
square guys” in the White Sox! No sumably on account of his illness, the the League would make it possible for one dared to approach Ed Collins, for President has not so far taken any
other nations to lead us into war, and instance.
active part in the campaign, and this asserts that “those who drew the CovBriber and bribed are equally guilty. utterance is naturally and justly re- enant of the League were careful that But public betting with professional garded as one of the most importart it should contain nothing which intergamblers is a matter of rather recent political occurrences since the nominat- fered with or impaired the constitugrowth as regards the sport of baseball. ing Conventions. As in his appeal to tional arrangements of any of the great One such "syndicate ” of gamblers is the voters just before the Congressional nations which are to constitute its memsaid to have won $200,000 on one ball elections in 1918, President Wilson bers." Not content with asserting his game, and it is reported that gamblers regards the coming election as a verdict own interpretation of the Covenant, the won $2,000,000 on the World's Series upon his policies and his course of President expresses his feelings about of 1919—sold out by bribed players. action. He speaks of the election as a those who oppose that interpretation.
Lovers of the National game are up "genuine National referendum.” The “They have gone so far," he says, in arms to stop this kind of thing. One people themselves by this election are “that those who have spent their lives, proposal is that men of public promi- to give “a sovereign mandate to their as I hare spent my life, in familiarizing nence and recognized integrity who are representatives” and “ to instruct their themselves with the history and tradiinterested in baseball as a sport, and not own Government what they wish done.' tions and policies of the Nation, must
Copyright, 1920, by The Press Publishing Co. (The New York
THE GAMBLING BEAST
proved to be debatable are not per- M
stand amazed at the gross ignorance tion. Senator Harding's election will, and was twice re-elected. In 1899 he and impudent audacity which have led I believe, insure more efficiency in the was elected Governor and was also
Government than will the election of them to attempt to invent an Ameri
twice re-elected. In 1904, upon Senator
Governor Cox, who, has been comcanisin of their own, which has no pelled to accept the reluctant support
Hoar's death, Governor Crane was foundation whatever in any of the of certain members of the present
elected to fill out the unexpired term, authentic traditions of the Govern- Administration who could contribute and at its end was returned to the ment.”
little to the strength of the next
Senate for another term. He retired
Administration. These words of the President may
from that body in 1913. With a single tend to stiffen the wills and stimulate The italics are our own. These words break of four years, Senator Crane the action of those who are already have special significance coming from was a member of the Republican Nacommitted to his doctrines, but they will one who has had experience in the tional Committee from 1892 to the not tend to persuade those who have present Administration.
Republican Convention of last June, taken another point of view, or even
when he gave way to Senator Weeks. incline to his side those who have been
Mr. Crane's retiral coincided with his doubtful.
unsuccessful effort to have a particular ELDER STATESMAN sioned utterances on matters which have
form of assertion appear in the Re
URRAY CRANE is dead, sixty-seven publican platform approving the Treaty suasive, and they tend to increase the
old. He was a wise, saga- of Versailles and, with effective reser. distrust of those Americans who have cious, silent man. He was modest and
vations, the League of Nations as felt that the Government has been too retiring. Of great wealth, he was un- embodied therein. much under the control and direction ostentatious and of simplest manner of a single will.
and habit-he used to smoke two-cent
THE LEGION'S SOLID FRONT ter cigars, but the others were good HEN an organization wins a tribMR. BORAH AND MR. CROWELL enough for him! He shrank from
ute from those who are doubtwo statements just made are of prominence. He had no thirst for the ful of its purpose and value, it receives particular interest to those who newspaper headlines. Moreover, in his
the highest compliment that can be are watching the trend of the Presiden- familiar talk there was never any brag- paid. Partisans are easy to convince of tial campaign.
gadocio or self-advertising. To such a the justice of their own cause. It is One is by Senator Borah, of Idaho. man people are apt to turn when they accessions from the opposing ranks His general position was outlined in a want advice or assistance. And they which is the real test of arguments or speech at Danbury, Connecticut: did-politicians and others.
causes. Mr. Crane was himself also a poli- We have received from a writer who The real question which this whole League scheme presents to the aver
tician in very truth. One of his Demo has been inclined to be critical of the age citizen is this : Shall we go into cratic opponents, Senator Harrison, of American Legion a letter which tells Europe and take upon ourselves Mississippi, has said, “The Republican the story of the second annual Conventhe turmoil, the strife, the racial con
party never had a shrewder politician." tion of the Legion. Because this account flicts, and the imperialistic schemes of the Old World, or shall we stay out?
Mr. Crane was also a statesman. He, it is in the main a significant tribute of Whether you call the scheme a is claimed, was the ultimate source of the type which we have described, we League, a concert of powers, an alli- the plan 'which President Roosevelt quote from it at some length. Our ance, or an association—they all lead
adopted for settling the anthracite correspondent writes : you to Europe and place upon the
strike of 1912. Mr. Roosevelt had a already bended backs of the American
" It was a solid front that the Amertaxpayers their exploitation and waste, high opinion of Mr. Crane, and was ican Legion presented to the country and upon the shoulders of American therefore all the more disappointed at its second annual Convention in youth the military burden which must
when in 1912 the Massachusetts Senator Cleveland last week. That must have eventually grow out of this scheme.
found himself not in sympathy with the come as a surprise to the very large The second statement is from Bene- Progressive movement–indeed, Mr.
Progressive movement-indeed, Mr. proportion of public opinion that bedict Crowell, former Assistant Secre- Crane became one of the most subtly lieved the Legion to be more an accumutary of War, who served as right-hand powerful members of the Old Guard, lation of posts than a well-knit organiman to Secretary Baker during the inexorably opposing Theodore Roose- . zation of posts. World War. Mr. Crowell had to do velt, and wielded great influence in the “ The greatest single accomplishment with the general administration of the Republican Convention of that year, as was the decision of the Legion to keep War Department with the exception of also in that of 1916.
out of politics. Not only was that the questions of policy and a few special The Crane paper mills are particularly wish of the majority of its members, activities; during Mr. Baker's several
famous because of the manufacture of but it was the hope of the country at absences in Europe Mr. Crowell was the paper on which the Government large. By their decision the delegates Acting Secretary of War. Mr. Crowell
green backs, National bank notes, and have expressed that wish and fulfilled supported President Wilson in 1912
Government bonds have been printed. that hope. and 1916. He does not propose to sup- While he was yet in his teens Winthrop " It is gratifying that the first thought port him in 1920. In an interview, Murray Crane, grandson of the founder of the Convention and the first purpose reported in the New York “Tribune, of the great manufacturing industry in of the new officers is for the disabled. Mr. Crowell says:
the Berkshires, entered the mills in the The problems of vocational training and It seems evident that Governor Cox humblest capacity and worked his way of compensation have been continuously is making many promises regarding to the top. So it was not until com- vexatious. The agencies responsible for the League which he may not be able to fulfill. .
paratively late in life that he entered these services have been continuously An efficient Administration, in my
public office. In 1896 he was elected criticised. The feeling that their failure opinion, is the great issue in this elec- Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts has been due chiefly to lack of unity in
direction is widespread. The Legion countries, exclusion of 'picture brides,' partisanship that they would welcome
,. now comes out for co-ordination of the and restriction of Japanese immigra- a proposal for Ireland's future based Bureau of War Risk Insurance, the tion. Action was precipitated by dele- on mutual concessions and securities rehabilitation division of the Federal gations from the Pacific slope ; oppo- for peace and self-government within Board for Vocational Education, and sition came almost solely from New the Empire. that part of the Public Health Service York. The South was with the West, Viscount Grey's plan would seem to that deals with ex-service men and as was to be expected; the East, with be a reasonable proposal for all but exwomen. It favors the plan, already the exception of the Empire State, was emists and fanatics. But, in point of advocated by others, of the creation of a silent. The danger lies not so much in fact, it has met with fierce opposition special department of the Government, the merits of the decision as in its both by Sinn Fein and by the Ulsterto be directed by a Cabinet officer, who advisability; to many minds it will ites. Briefly stated, Lord Grey propreferably shall be an ex-service man. appear that, in spite of its decision not poses that Ireland should be a DominThis is deserving of consideration. The to enter politics, by its action on the ion, as Canada is. He declares that for example has been well set abroad, where Japanese question the Legion actually
Japanese question the Legion actually the islands of Great Britain and Ireland special ministers have been appointed has entered politics. This view the new “there can be only one foreign policy, to look after the interests of those who National Commander, Colonel F. W. one army, and one navy,” and that an served their country.
Galbraith, does not share. He has actual division between the two which “ In the matter of the bonus the stated that the Japanese question is would mean independence for Ireland Legion took the action that was ex- one of international policy, and that in these matters is no more to be,ach
the Legion is well within its rights in
On the issue as thus drawn we are
We believe that the Legion is en. titled to express its opinion on questions of National policy. While our correspondent disagrees with us on this
point, he agrees with us that, if the GENERAL FAYOLLE, FRENCH VISITOR TO THE Legion is to attempt to pass judgment COLONEL GALBRAITH, THE NEW COMMANDER
on National problems, there is a great pected of it. The knowledge was gen- need for sound leadership. Our corre- cepted by the British Empire than was eral that posts throughout the country spondent continues :
the proposal of the Southern States to were in favor of the optional plan put “ Colonel Galbraith, fortunately, secede in this country. Otherwise, he before Congress by those leaders of the seems to be well qualified for that
would have the Irish people as free as Legion who conducted its destinies last leadership."
other peoples of the great self-govern. year. Primarily, however, the Legion
We publish on this page a portrait ing Dominions to carry on the internal is for the bonus. It wants a cash bonus
of Colonel Galbraith, and also of Gen- affairs of all Ireland. In order to give preferably. No one who attended the eral Fayolle, who represented the
time for the arranging of the new plan Convention can be mistaken about that.” French Government at the Convention of government, Lord Grey proposes
of the American Legion. General that for not over two years the British
Fayolle was the commander of the Government should continue to govern THE LEGION AND POLITICS Sixth Army. His most noteworthy vic
Ireland. LTHOUGH corrrespondent tory was that of Noyon-Montdidier,
This plan would leave to the entire praises the Legion's declaration which saved Amiens in the spring of
Irish people the possibility of agreeing that it would keep out of politics, never- 1918.
upon such a scheme of Home Rule and theless he feels that in one respect the
self-government as would be workable Convention of the Legion did violence
and fair. How badly some moderate to its enunciated principle. He writes: THE RULE OF UNREASON
course is needed is shown in Lord “Less happy, however, was the deIN IRELAND
Grey's own declaration that “the Govcision of the Legion to act upon the T would be valuable to know how ernment has been unable to punish or Japanese problem. In that matter the many of the Irish people are parti- prevent the constant murder of those Convention favored abrogating the sans and extremists, and how many are who serve it; in parts of Ireland its au'gentleman's agreement' existing be- so disturbed by the evils now rampant thority has apparently ceased and been tween the Governments of the two in Ireland because of unreason and
superseded by Sinn Fein courts, from
(C) Underwood & Underwood
OF THE AMERICAN LEGION
VISCOUNT EDWARD GREY
republican crime outrages are bad Meanwhile the Government is in the enough, but they are not improved by hands of a “ Junta del Gobierno." sporadic acts of murder and arson com- Bolivia, formerly upper Peru, had a mitted by the guardians of the law." province on the Pacific. Nitrate was
discovered there. Bolivia laid an exITALY'S INDUSTRIAL PROBLEM
port duty on the saltpeter made from
the nitrates, and, as this affected unfaOOD news comes from Italy in
vorably certain Chilean citizens and the form of an Associated Press
companies in the province, Chile prodespatch reporting an interview with
tested against the impost. Then Peru Premier Giolitti.
decided to make a Government monop The Italian Premier reports that the
oly of her nitrate deposits to the north industrial crisis has been settled by an
of the Bolivian province. As Chile had agreement between the metal workers
invested a great deal of money in the and the manufacturers, which involves
Peruvian province also, she objected, a moderate increase in wages and the and followed up her objection by an creation of a commission composed of
invasion of all the provinces. Four employers and employees which will
years of warfare ended with complete present to the Government the project victory for Chile. The treaty of peace for a bill to be passed by Parliament en
gave to her the whole Bolivian coast, abling the men to check up the financial
one of the Peruvian provinces, and the and technical condition of the factories
right of control of the northernmost in which they work. The men are also
Peruvian province for ten years, at the granted one week's holiday every year. end of which time its future disposition Premier Giolitti says:
was to be left to popular vote. When We may congratulate ourselves on
the ten years came to an end, no vote
having solved this problem in accordwhich alone can any redress be obtained
was taken, Chile and Peru failing to
ance with the spirit of the age, and I for ordinary crime or wrong-doing.'
firmly believe the present arrangement
agree on how it should be taken. Nor It was to be expected that such a
to do greater justice to Italian workers have they since agreed. Meanwhile gen
probably has postponed the advent of eral “ Chileization ” has gone forward. proposal would meet with refusal from
Socialism in Italy for perhaps a cenSinn Fein, which has put itself in the
Bolivia, although without a port on
tury, and certainly for fifty years. attitude of refusing everything except
the Pacific, has her own custom-houses
Concerning the Commission which absolute national independence. But
in Chilean ports, and Chile does not has been created Premier Giolitti says:
collect any money for the right of even fiercer dissent comes from the
This last is an excellent thing. There transit of merchandise originating from other factions of extremists. Thus Sir
has been no want of mischief-makers
or destined to Bolivia. The economic Edward Carson declares that “a more who have assured the men their emhopeless suggestion never emanated ployers were realizing fabulous prof.
situation is not, therefore, as bad as it from the brain of a statesman.
its at the expense of workers. The might be for Bolivia, but the nation is means, Sir Edward goes on to assert,
latter were naturally inclined to be- constantly galled by the remembrance
lieve this, but the day when their “ Abandon all those who are loyal to
of its former commercial and strategic
representatives can verify the accounts the crown, leave them to the tender of factories and realize the revenues
independence, and is simply biding its mercies of their Sinn Fein fellow-coun- and expenses it will no longer be pos
time until it can avenge itself. It feels
sible to trace upon the ignorance of trymen, and if the Irish murder one
that its very sovereignty depends on the
workers and make bad blood between another and exalt themselves in the
recovery of its seacoast.
them and their employers. They will slaughter we will look on without con- then know up to what limit they can cern or responsibility.”
ask for betterment of conditions, be- ETELKA GERSTER It cannot be said that the plan sug
yond which point insistence upon TELKA (ETHEL) GERSTEr is dead,
demands would be killing the goose gested by Viscount Grey, constructive that lays the golden eggs.
sixty-five years old. She passed and reasonable as it is in theory, has
The agreement between the Italian
away at her villa near Bologna, her done much to point the way to an actual settlement of the Irish difficulty: October 2. It is strange that to secure
home for many years, even though duremployers and employees was signed on
ing earlier years she returned to it but Mean-while an intolerable condition of
for a few weks at a time, succeeding what has come to be almost guerrilla
so moderate an agreement such drastic
her marriage in 1875 to Pietro Garwarfare continues in many places. The
. should be necessary. It does not speak Chief Secretary for Ireland declares
Those who knew Madame Gersterwell for the vision of Italian employers. that 103 policemen have been murdered
The outcome confirms the interpreta- here, will not soon forget the mobile,
Gardini personally, either there or and 170 wounded. The Sinn Feiners retort with the charge that the so-called
tion reported in The Outlook that the
expressive face, the simple, winsome, reprisals by police and soldiers have tially Bolshevist.
serene manner, appropriate to a voice laid villages in ruin, destroyed a great
of marked equability, freshness, and number of houses, and caused the kill
limpidity of tone. While not a great ing without trial of many innocent men. BOLIVIA AND THE SEA
singer as fuifilling the demands male HE
upon one who essays the character London “ Times,” scores the (řovern
of Isolde, for instance, in such operas ment for weakness both in failing to that it was no longer representative of “Sonnambula," “Lucia,” and keep order in Ireland and in failing to the people. The National Convention Rigoletto” Gerster was ideal. repress reprisals, declaring that “the will elect a new President in November. Those were the days of the old Acal
Lord Robert Cecil
, in a letter to the TGovernment was due to the fact