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SAMPLE BALLOTS FROM THE OUTLOOK'S POLL OF COLLEGE PRESIDENTS Presidents Duniway of Colorado College, King of Oberlin, and MacCracken of Lafayette, answer the question-For whom will you vote and why?

to higher levels of National life and thusiastically that he intends to vote the Republican party made choice duty.

for the Democratic nominee, Mr. Cox, a reactionary, pledged to defeat an This disappointment is not by any because

common-sense policy for and fc

peace means confined to those who are still I see no other way to vote for the the League.” Now he writes unequiv rundecided. Here is a typical expresLeague of Nations. I do not like his cally of Governor Cox's “

courageo sion of disappointment from a college

record on the saloon question nor his

and sensible stand on all public que

connection with Tammany and Tag- tions that really matter." president who is going to vote the Prohibition ticket- President Lehman, of gart.

CONTROLLING REASONS Eureka College (Illinois):

In similar vein write several who

In determining their choice the c As a voting Prohibitionist, I have

have marked their ballots for Harding. hoped that it would not be necessary For example, President L. H. Murlin, The Outlook have been guided

lege presidents who have written this for the party to have a can

of Boston University (Massachusetts), year

writes : didate. But I shall continue to vote

reasons which may be grouped und

three heads : Their judgment on ti the Prohibition ticket for two reasons :

I shall vote the Republican ticket parties, their judgment on the perso 1. Because I believe we not only

because, while not wholly satisfactory need a prohibition law, but the en

alities of the candidates, and their jud either in candidate or platform, I am forcement of it. We need, not only

ment on the chief issues. Like mai quite sure that the Republican party men in office who believe in the enoffers the larger hope for a sane, safe,

other voters, college presidents a forcement of all law, but men who conservatively progressive programme

affected by political habit and custom believe in the prohibition law, or it for our country at home and abroad. To have been a lifelong Republica will not be difficult for the Amend. Moreover, as the campaign develops,

or Democrat is a compelling reason f ment to be nullified.

the lack of sincerity of Mr. Cox and continuing to be such. President Slove 2. As a protest against the nomi

party appears more and more, and of Clarendon College (Texas), for exa nees of the two major parties. In a the sounder and permanent qualities time when the problems facing our Gov

ple, frankly says that he will vote t of Harding and Republicanism be- Democratic ticket because he is a li ernment appear to be unusually mo

come more and more evident. mentous, they have nominated candi

long Democrat and the Democrat dates by the process of political trading

Expressions of hearty and laudatory candidate more nearly stands for wh and have secured men who are gen- support for any candidate are he wants than any other. Preside erally recognized as the result of all enough to be somewhat conspicuous, John O. Willson, of Lander Colle

. sorts of compromises. I have yet to Thus President Heaps, of Milton Uni- (South Carolina), who gives as one of 1 see anywhere, and I travel a good

versity, Baltimore, Maryland, writes of reasons the issue of the League of N deal, especially in my State, any en- Harding's “ splendid comprehension.” tions, as does also · President Slove thusiasm for either nominee for President.

of Presidential duties and responsi- puts first as his reason for voting f

bilities, “ his excellent grasp of public Governor Cox his memory of “t This testimony of the Prohibitionist problems,” his “true Americanism,” his tyranny of Congressional rule' in 18 that voters in other parties are no more fair and fearless stand on labor and and the years following,” explaini enthusiastic than he is supported by other issues,” and “his dignified poise.” that “Mr. Harding's plan to be large evidence in these letters. For example, And President Pierce Butler, of the influenced by the United States Sena President Frank E. Jenkins, of Pied- Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, of ,

reminds the South of what she su mont College (Georgia), writes unen- New Orleans, was undecided until fered under Thaddeus Stevens and I

rare

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(C) Keystone View Co.
MARY E. WOOLLEY, PRESIDENT

MOUNT HOLYOKE COLLEGE

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colleagues.” Similarly, certain college Cox's “indefinite connection with our brought about the nomination of Gorpresidents who will vote for Mr. Har- church and our college," disagrees, for ernor Cox at San Francisco and his ding indicate that their preference is he writes that “ none of the candidates “wet” affiliations make it impossible primarily a party preference. Professor is a genuine representative of Ameri

for me to seriously consider supportJoseph H. Apple, of Hood College canism. (Maryland), who is not enthusiastic over

Others write in the same vein. There Harding, as he had hoped for some

PERSONALITY OF THE CANDIDATES

is likewise a difference of opinion on body more independent and progressive, When it comes to considering the the record of the candidates, Mr. Cox's begins his letter, “I am supposedly character and qualification of the can. . record as Governor and Mr. Harding's a Republican, though not a partisan. didates as individuals, the college presi- experience in National affairs being This inclination to one party or the dents differ, as they do on other ques- cited on the respective sides of the canother is not by any means merely a tions. President Brooks, of Clarkson paign. Similarly, there is a difference

a matter of habit. It is in most cases College of Technology (New York), of opinion as to natural capacity as well deliberate choice of the more congenial rejects Mr. Cox as unfit, and accepts as to experience, President Bowman, organization. Mr. Harding as fit for the same rea

of Bridgewater College (Virginia), de President Lowry, of Hiwassee Col- son, namely, because of personality and claring, for instance, that the balance lege (Tennessee), votes for Cox because political associates. On the other hand, tips in Mr. Harding's favor as the he believes in the principles of the President Poteat, of Wake Forest Col.

older and more experienced politician. Democratic party and that Mr. Cox lege (North Carolina), makes the folwill uphold them, while President Ket- lowing comparison :

THE ISSUES ler, of Grove City College (Pennsyl.

Neither of the candidates is an ideal The chief issues mentioned by the vania), believes that the country at this man for the Presidency. They both presidents are stated compactly by time needs a Republican Administra- show too meager an intellectual back

President Adams, of Georgetown Coltion and that Mr. Harding, the candi- ground, too narrow a horizon. Mr. Cox date of the party, is of high moral char

lege (Kentucky), from the point of view somewhat short in dignity and

of a Cox supporter: acter and is experienced in public

moderation, Mr. Harding has little

else. But Mr. Cox has a clear head affairs. Applying the test of efficiency

1. A vote for Cox is a vote for the to the two parties, these college presi

and knows what is in it. Mr. Harding immediate ratification of the Versailles dents differ in their judgment as to

has a muddy head and is not sure of Treaty of Peace, including the League

finding anything in it. Mr. Cox is of Nations Covenant. which party meets the test. President vigorous, Mr. Harding passive. Mr.

2. It is a vote to indorse the work Millis, of Hanover College (Indiana), Cox is independent, Mr. Harding of Woodrow Wilson and to condenın thinks that Mr. Harding will bring acquiescent. Both are honorable men, the tactics of Senator Lodge and his into the National Administration more

but the Democrat is more to be trusted helpers. capable personnel than Mr. Cox, while with a grave public responsibility.

3. The Democratic party and candiPresident Record, of Pikeville Col

Many of the college presidents judge

date represent in this election the lege (Kentucky), in addition to giving the candidates by the character of those

forces of progress. They alone have other reasons for his choice of Mr. Cox

the forward look. supporting them. A number of them

4. The Democrats will deal more cites the record of the party in the are for Mr. Cox because they disap

wisely with the labor problems than war—the selective draft, the training prove of the Senatorial group. And the Republicans. of men, the transportation of our sol- others are for Mr. Harding because diers overseas, and the manufacture of they disapprove of Tammany and the

Of all the issues, incomparably the munitions-as evidence of the efficiency moist” element. Thus President Mc- most frequently mentioned, particularly of the Democratic party. In one or two Glothlin, of Furman University (South by supporters of Mr. Cox, is the League cases, as, for instance, that of Presi

Carolina), thinks that Mr. Harding of Nations. It is impossible in this dent J. Stanley Brown, of Northern

will be the servant of the present Sena- space to present the arguments pro and Illinois State Normal College (Illinois), torial oligarchy, while President Hill

,

con on this subject. Many are satisfied the candidate is supported because, to man, of Simpson College (Iowa), writes,

in saying in substance what President use President Brown's words,“ be rep- on the other hand :

Brooks, of Baylor University (Texas), resents the dominant public opinion in I have known Senator Harding per

says in answer to our request for reasons American life to-day." With this


sonally for over twenty-five years.

for his choice:

I President Clippinger, of Otterbein Col- wish he was a little more hospitable to My chief reason is my intense desire lege (Ohio), who nevertheless is going a league of nations and a little more to see the League of Nations adopted. to vote for Harding in spite of Mr. progressive, But the influences that

Cox would go in; Harding would stay

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Pirie Macdonald

JOHN HENRY MACCRACKEN, PRESI

DENT LAFAYETTE COLLEGE

Paul Thompson
EDWARD W. NICHOLS, PRESIDENT
VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE

Paul Thompson
ALEXANDER C. HUMPHREYS, PRESI.

DENT STEVENS INSTITUTE

(C) Keystone View Co.
WILLIAM MILLER COLLIER, PRESI-
DENT GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIV.

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out. America cannot live apart from necessary to prevent the United States as the need for

sane, solid, substanthe world.

from joining it without modifications. tial Administration with a Cabinet of One college president goes so far as to

For example, President J. M. Wood, strong men,” to use the words of Presisay that remaining out would be crim- of Stephens College (Missouri), writes : dent J. H. Wood, of Culver-Stockton inal. Most of the supporters of Mr.

College (Missouri). Others put it more

I am opposed to America's entering Cox express this belief in the League any League of Nations that is built specifically as the need for what Presiand many put it as the paramount upon political considerations. The dent Kroeze, of Jamestown College reason. Among those who argue for nucleus of any co-operative movement

(North Dakota), calls“ a strong, sta

“ should be an international court. the League is one whose opinion has

bilizing force in government at this special weight because of his experience.

Others likewise express the belief

critical period in our history when the President John N. Bennett, of Doane

foundations of representative governthat international relations should be College (Nebraska), writes :

ment are in danger.” President J. F. based on the Hague plan rather than Lane, of Lane College (Tennessee), I was with our armies in France for the Paris plan, a court rather than a

thinks that “just after a reign of milinearly seventeen months, and I feel diplomatic council.

tary authority” there is special need for very deeply the sting of ingratitude

A large proportion of those who adand the puerile opposition to the trend

a strong, firm, and sane administration vocate the election of Mr. Cox urge his of the age as exhibited by the Repub

of affairs through civil authorities.” election because he is progressive and licans.

A number of the college presidents forward-looking “Senator Harding writing to us put this issue more spePresident Harper, of Elon College seems to look back," writes President

cifically still by the advocacy, on the one (North Carolina), says that in withhold- J. E. Allen, of Davis and Elkins Col- hand, of Wilson's policies and indorseing our approval from the League lege (West Virginia), “while Cox looks ment of his record and by advocacy, on we have become the Pharisee of the forward.” What many of these college

of these college the other hand, of a reversal of what is nations," and thinks it tragic. presidents who speak of progressiveness

termed“ one man rule” and a return to Not all those, however, who favor the have in mind President Allen specifi- methods more in accord with American League are in favor of Mr. Cox. For cally gives in the rest of his statement, traditions and practices. Thus President example, President G. N. Briggs, of which connects the issue of progressive- Gordon, of Henry Kendall College Graceland College (Iowa), writes : ness with labor and the League of Na

(Oklahoma), writes that “President Under our form of government

tions so as to make it a single issue : Wilson proved the most able leader with its “ chiecks and balances " I be

Senator Harding and his immediate

that the world has ever seen in his conlieve the election of Governor Cox

advisers would probably not have the duct during the war," that it was " very will postpone for years the possibility

co-operation of labor ; Governor Cox unfortunate indeed that he has been of our entering any form of interna

would be more apt to invite the confi- attacked by men who differ from him," tional association, whereas I believe

dence of this great power in the coun- and that “ Cox should be elected Presithe election of Senator Harding will

try. Cox will be as able to lead this materially advance the very essential

dent as a recognition of the splendid country into the League under the cause of peace and the organization of best conditions as Harding. Neither

and almost superhuman work that Presian association of nations. will have the control of the Senate in

dent Wilson did in the great war.” The minds of others who are in favor case of election. There is enough lead

On the other hand, there are men of the League of Nations but more

ing power in the present Republican

who take exactly the opposite position. doubtful of the Republican attitude

party to prevent our entering any

President H. C. Culbertson, of Ripon towards it are represented by these

league. This would almost be a chal

College (Wisconsin), declares: “Alwords by President H. M. Gage, of

lenge to the world of our desire to though I am in favor of the League Huron College (South Dakota):

fight it out as heretofore, and it is my of Nations, yet I am opposed to the

candid opinion that a large majority methods of the Wilson Administration, If Harding continues to of labor in this country would refuse

and, on the whole, I believe that there toward the League-to Taft's and to take up arms except to defend this Wickersham's position, I shall vote country from immediate invasion.

is more hope of future safe constructive for him. Otherwise I am inclined to

leadership in international, social, and think I shall not.

Others who see this issue give it an- industrial affairs through the Repub

other interpretation. They feel the ne- lican party.” On the other hand are many who cessity at this time not so much for Mr. Cox's charges of corruption have are distinctly opposed to the League of untried measures as for the recovery of made little impression, only two or three Nations as at present constituted and what seems to them to have been lost. presidents referring to them. In one l'egard the election of Mr. Harding as This is variously expressed. Some put it case these charges have gained or con

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THE VOTES OF THE PRESIDENTS

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Arranged in alphabetical order according to the colleges they represent, here is a list of the American
college presidents who have told The Outlook how they will vote. Represented in the total given else-
where, but not on this list, are the preferences of those who requested that their votes be kept secret

H=Harding ; C=Cox ; D=Debs ; W=Watkins ; U=Undecided

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Adelphi
Brooklyn, N. Y. F. D. Blodgett H

Middlebury
Middlebury, Vt. J. M. Thomas

H Alabama, Univ. of University, Ala. G. H. Denny

C
Midland
Fremont, Nebr. E. E. Stauffer

H
Albright
Myerstown, Pa. L. C. Hunt

U
Military Coll. of S. C. Charleston, S. C. 0. J, Bond

с Alfred Univ. Alfred, N. Y. B. C. Davis

H
Milton

Milton, Wis. W. C. Daland
Armour Inst. of Tech. Chicago, III.

Gunsaulus H

Milton Univ.

Baltimore, Ma.

W. J. Heaps Baldwin-Wallace Berea, Ohio

A. B. Storms

С

Milwaukee-Downer Milwaukee, Wis. Ellen C. Sabin H
Baylor (Fem.)
Belton, Texas J. C. Hardy

с
Missouri Valley Marshall, Mo. W. H. Black

H
Baylor Univ.
Waco, Texas S. P. Brooks

C
Missouri Wesleyan
Cameron, Mo. C. Harmon

с Beloit

Beloit, Wis.
Melvin A. Brannon H

Mt. Holyoke (Fem.) South Hadley, Mass. Mary E. Woolley
Benedict
Columbia, S. C. B. W. Valentine H

Murphy

Sevierville, Tenn.

E. A. Bishop Birmingham-Southern Birmingham, Ala. C. C. Daniel

С

Nebraska Wesleyan University Pl., Neb. I. B. Schreckengast
Boston Univ.
Boston, Mass. L. H. Murlin

H
Newberry

Newberry, S. C. S. J. Derrick
Bradley Poly. Inst. Peoria, III.

T. C. Burgess H

Newcomb

New Orleans, La. Pierce Butler
Bridgewater
Bridgewater, Va. P. H. Bowman H

New Orleans

New Orleans, La. C. M. Melden
Brigham Young
Logan, Utah W. W. Henderson с

New York Univ.

New York City E. E. Brown (f) H Bucknell Univ. Lewisburg, la. J. H. Harris (s) H North. Ill. State Nor. De Kalb, III. J. S. Brown

H
Butler
Indianapolis, Ind. T. C. Howe

H
Northwestern
Naperville, Ill. E. E. Rall

с California, Univ. of Berkeley, Cal.. B. I. Wheeler (a) с

Oberlin

Oberlin, Ohio
H. C. King

C Central

Conway, Ark.
J. W. Conger (a) С

Occidental
Los Angeles, Cal. S. Evans (s)

U Central Wesleyan Warrentown, Mo. 0. E. Kriege

H
Oriental Univ.

Washington, D. C. H. P. Holier
Chicago, Univ, of
Chicago, Ill. H. P. Judson

H
Otterbein

Westerville, Ohio W. G. Clippinger H
Clarendon
Clarendon, Texas G. S. Slover

С

Pacific, Coll. of the San José, Cal. T. C. Knoles
Clarkson Coll. of Tech. Potsdam, N. Y. J. P. Brooks

H
Paine

Augusta, Ga. A. D. Betts
Solorado
Colorado Spgs., Col. C. A. Duniway H

Payne

Brownwood, Texas L. J. Mims
Cornell
Mt. Vernon, Iowa C. W. Flint

U
Piedmont

Demorest, Ga. F. E. Jenkins
Culver-Stockton
Canton, Mo. J. H. Wood

H
Pikeville

Pikeville, Ky. J. F. Record
Dakota Wesleyan Univ. Mitchell, S. D. W.D. Schermerhorn U

Pittsburgh, Univ. of Pittsburgh, Pa. S. B. McCormick
Dartmouth

Hanover, N. H.
E. M. Hopkins

H
Potomac Univ.

Washington, D. C. E. W. Porter
Davidson
Davidson, N. C. W.J. Martin

C
Pratt Inst.

Brooklyn, N. Y. F. B. Pratt
Davis & Elkins
Elkins, W. Va. J. E. Allen

с

Presbyterian Coll. of S.C. Clinton, S. C. D. M. Douglas
Defiance
Defiance, Ohio A. G. Caris

H
Purdue Univ.
Lafayette, Ind.) W. E. Stone

H Detroit, Univ. of Detroit, Mich. W. T. Doran, S.J. H

Randolph-Macon Ashland, Va. R. E. Blackwell
Doane

Crete, Neb.
J. M. Bennett

с
Redlands, Univ. of Redlands, Cal. V. L. Duke

H
Earlham
Richmond, Ind. B. M. Edwards (b) U

Reed

Portland, Ore. W. T. Foster (s) с Elon Elon College, N. C. W. A. Harper с

Rensselaer Poly. Inst. Troy, N. Y.

P. C. Ricketts

H Eureka

Eureka, III.
L. 0. Lehman W

Ripon

Ripon, Wis.

H. C. Culbertson H
Fairmount
Wichita, Kan. W. H. Rollins

H
St. John's
Annapolis, Md. Thomas Fell

с Fisk Univ. Nashville, Tenn. F. A. McKenzie H

St. Viator
Bourbonnais, Lu. W. J. Bergin

H Franklin & Marshall Lancaster, Pa. H. H. Apple

II
Shaw Univ.

Raleigh, N. C. C. F. Meserve (a) Н
Furnian Univ.
Greenville, S. C. W.J. McGlothlin С

Shorter

Rome, Ga.

A. W. van Hoose George Washington Univ. Washington, D. C. W. M. Collier (c) H

Simpson

Indianola, Iowa J. W. Hillman H
Georgetown
Georgetown, Ky. M. B. Adams

с
Smith

Northampton, Mass. W. A. Neilson
Goucher
Baltimore, Md. W. W. Guth

H
Smith, Philander Little Rock, Ark. J. M. Cox

H Graceland

Lamoni, Iowa
G. N. Briggs

H
Southern Calif., Univ.of Los Angeles, Cal. G. F. Bovard

H
Grinnell
Grinnell, Iowa J. H. T. Main U

Stanford
Stanford Univ., Cal. R. L. Wilbur

U
Grove City
Grove City, Pa. W.C. Ketler

H
Stephens
Columbia, Mo. J. M. Wood

H Hampden-Sidney Hampden-Sidney, Va.A. W. McWhorter (d) C

Stevens Inst. of Tech. Hoboken, N. J. A. C. Humphreys H
Hanover
Hanover, Ind. W. A. Millis

H
Susquehanna Univ. Selipsgrove, Pa. C. T. Aikens

H
Hastings
Hastings, Neb. C. H. French

U
Sweet Briar

Sweet Briar, Va. Emilie W. McVea с
Hiwassee
Madisonville, Tenn. J. E. Lowry.

с
Texas
Tyler, Texas W. R. Banks

H Hood

Frederick, Md.
J. H. Apple

H
Texas, Univ. of

Austin, Texas
R. E. Vinson

с Howard Birmingham, Ala. C. B. Williams с

Thiel

Greenville, Pa. H. W. Elson
Huron

Huron, S. D.
H. M. Gage

U
Transylvania

Lexington, Ky. R. H. Crossfield с
Illinois
Jacksonville, III. C. H. Rammelkamp U

Tufts

Tufts College, Mass. J. A. Consens H Illinois State Nor. Univ. Normal, Ill. D. Felmley

С
Tusculum

Greenville, Tenn.
Charles 0. Gray

с Jamestown Jamestown, N. D. B. H. Kroeze

H
Union

College View, Neb. H. A. Morrison H Judson

Marion, Ala.
Paul V. Bomer с

Union

Schenectady, N. Y. C. A. Richmond H
Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo, Mich. H. L. Stetson

U
Upsala
Kenilworth, N. J. Frans Ericsson

с Kansas Wesleyan

Salina, Kan.
A. H. King (6) H

Ursinus
Collegeville, Pa. G. L. Omwake

с Kendall, Henry Tulsa, Okla.

с
J. M. Gordon
Valparaiso

D. R. Hodgson
Keuka Park, N. Y. A. II. Norton

Valparaiso, Ind.
Keuka
С

H
Greenwood, S. C. J. O. Willson

с

Vermont, Univ. of Lander

Burlington, Vt. G. W. Bailey

H
Lane
Jackson, Tenn. J. F. Lane

H
Virginia Mil. Inst.

E. W. Nichols
Lexington, Va.

с Lafayette

Easton, Pa.
J. H. MacCracken U

Wake Forest

Wake Forest, N. C. W. L. Poteat
Lawrence
Appleton, Wis. S. Plantz

U
Wheaton

Wheaton, Ill. C. A. Blanchard W
Louisiana
Pineville, La. C. Cottingham С

Wheaton
Norton, Mass. S. V. Cole

H
Marquette
Milwaukee, Wis. H. C. Noonan, S.J. H

Whitman

Walla Walla, Wash. S. B. L. Penrose H
Martin
Pulaski, Tenn. G. A. Morgan С

Unknown
Unknown, Okla. Unknowu

Η (a) Presideut Emeritus (b) Prefers Herbert Hoover (c) Former American Minister to Spain (d) Dean, formerly Acting President (e) Dean (f) Chancellor (8) ex-President

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irmed a vote for Mr. Cox, but in the that has been settled and ought not permit printing all of the letters in full. other cases they have supplied reasons to militate against Mr. Cox, and in Even those letters which we have not gainst him, one of the presidents de three cases serving as reason for

been able to quote from as a whole or Joring in particular Mr. Cox's “fire voting for Mr. Watkins, the Prohibi. in part are of great value, and The ating" methods. tionist candidate.

Outlook and its readers are under obliIn a number of cases prohibition From other letters which we have gations to every one of these college igures sometimes as an argument for received we make the following selec- presidents who have stated the reasons Mr. Harding, sometimes as a matter tions. We regret that space does not that governed their vote.

success.

FROM FRANK D. BLODGETT

of the League issue, but I am convinced store Constitutional government, preserve Adelphi College, Brooklyn, N. Y. that Harding as President would exercise a representative democracy, refrain from

sound discretion to keep the United States I am heartily supporting Senator Har

demagoguery, and give to the country an true to our essential international obliga- efficient

Administration protecting and proding for many reasons, perhaps chief

tions. among them being that I am a Republican

moting the rights of each as well as of all,

but without favoring or yielding to any and believe in the principles of that party, FROM ERNEST MARTIN HOPKINS in its constructive work, its sound sense,

group or any individual.

Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H. and its wise grasp of the vital issues of

I favor Harding's election also because America. I believe Senator Harding is in

I shall vote the Republican ticket this

he stands for an association of the nations sympathy with the things I believe in, that fall because I believe administrative genius

of the world to secure peace by agreement lie lias the bigness to realize that no man and practical definition of purpose on the

to submit international disputes of a jusalone can control the destinies of America basis of a broad and workable Americanism

ticiable character to the decision of arbitral and the world, and that he possesses the to be indispensable at the present time and

courts with: suitable sanctions, and to conwisdom to be willing to seek counsel, the most likely to be secured by Republican

fer in a spirit of harmony as to other queskeenness of judgment to discriminate, and

tions; and because he opposes the ratificathe courage to execute. He expresses in his

The political parties necessarily repre

tion of the Covenant of the League of public utterances what I conceive to be sent a compromise among the divergent Nations as submitted to the Senate by sound Americanism. I believe that, if views of groups which compose their re

President Wilson. I believe that that Covelected, he will surround himself with men spective memberships. The two great

enant would embroil this Nation in the of large caliber, of balance, of wisdom, parties are alike in that each represents a quarrels of Europe and Asia ; and that it and that helped by the advice of such men

combination of liberals and conservatives. would immensely increase ihe chances of he will be a President who will lead the The Democratic party, however, much more

war because in effect the decision as to Nation along the lines of real progress.

definitely than the Republican, is under the declaring future wars would be made, so far necessity of concession to certain great

as the United States is concerned, not by FROM BOOTHE C. DAVIS

groups whose support is dictated by pro- Congress but by one person, its representaAlfred University, Alfred, N. Y. vincial rather than National issues —such,

tive in the Council of the League acting for instance, as the Solid South and Tam- under the instructions of the President. No Senator Harding seems to me to represent American ideals and citizenship, pro

many

and whose leaders, placed in more reactionary step was ever taken. By gressive without radicalism, constructive

the “ Wilson Covenant” the President is authority, can less promptly and easily

find a common denominator which will given practically the same war powers as rather than destructive, sane and balanced

effectively secure co-operation for a quickly in judgment, safeguarding American na

the Kaiser of Germany had; while the tionality with a world sympathy not incondefined, intelligent, progressive administra

Council, in the method of its creation, the tion of domestic and foreign affairs of the

relation of its members to the states they sistent with National integrity. United States.

represent, and its functions as to the deterFROM F. N. GUNSAULUS I have high admiration for the adminis

mination of the great question of war or Armour Institute of Tech., Chicago, Ill.

trative genius of certain individual Demo- peace, resembles most closely the old Ger

crats. Collectively, however, I believe the man Bundesrath. This system was uniI shall vote for Harding in the hope that Republican party more likely to furnish versally regarded as the greatest cause of a little less of the stiff and hopeless par- the team work 'needed for our present. the World War and as inherently incomtisanship on both sides may open a way for exigencies.

patible with peace. We fought to destroy the use of the very machinery which Ger.

it. Let us not restore it by this fatuous many declined to honor in the past and

FROM F. A. MCKENZIE

Covenant. which all nations must somehow honor in Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn. the future if we are to have peace and

FROM WILLIAM W. GUTH In reply to your inquiry concerning my progress. choice of Presidential ticket let me say

Goucher College, Baltimore, Md. FROM BENJAMIN IDE WHEELER

that I expect to vote for the Republican I am an independent voter. I should have University of California, Berkeley, Cal.

ticket and am earnestly desirous of its suc- been glad to vote for a stronger man than

cess for many reasons. In particular I am any of those nominated. In any event, I 1. Because Governor Cox and his sym- a believer in what we may call the “ should vote for the man exhibiting the a pathizers give the clearest adherence to the nationalism,” which, on the one hand, in- greatest amount of brain power, and who, League of Nations.”

sists on the protection of the integrity and in my opinion, sensed most clearly our 2. Because the Republican candidate and high standards of our Republic while ex- obligations to society—and our duties, inliis sympathizers represent the reactionary tending the most cordial helping hand to ternational as well as National. Of the spirit in politics.

the whole world, and, on the other hand, men nominated Mr. Harding is far to be N. B.--Both as a Californian and as an works in accord with the ever-increasing preferred as possessing these qualifications, American citizen, I regard the immigration tendency toward National unity through I

and I shall therefore vote for him. question as far the most important now Federal action which, in my opinion, is pending before the Nation. Senator Harbeing worked out and will be worked out

FROM J. H. T. MAIN ding has spoken concerning it with decision with the advice and co-operation of the Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa and clarity. Should Governor Cox fail to best thought in our several State units. I speak with like decision, I think it prob- conceive the Republican party to represent

I am in favor of the League Covenant, able that I shall vote for Senator Harding.

believing its provisions, carried out with at this moment a policy of legalized and

even a moderate degree of success, would stabilized prosperity, order, and progress. FROM C. A. DUNIWAY

contribute to international good will, and Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Col.

FROM WILLIAM MILLER COLLIER

hence to world peace and order. The

United States, as a member of the League, On the whole, Harding represents the

George Washington Univ., Wash., D. C. sounder tendencies of American political

if adequately represented in the League

I favor the election of Harding because councils, could, by its economic supremacy, life. Then, man for man, in a personal by training as well as in temperament he leaving ideal considerations out of the sense, he seems to me the preferred can- is, in my opinion, far better fitted for the question, exercise a dominating influence slidate. I made my decision slowly, because Presidency than Cox ; because he will re- for peace without advocating military in

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