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It spreads a circle of cool shade around,
And spatters bits of sunlight on the grass.
Some people, walking softly as they pass,
Will hear, high up among its leaves, the sound
Of little, summer winds ;-and some have found
It is tree to look through at a star,-
And thought how light its fretted patterns are
Against the moon, above a snowy ground.
In times of special wonder, when soft snow
Bends down its branches, or ice storms make bright
Each glistening branch and twig, or in the glow
Of sudden lightning-flashes in the night,
Almost it seems a poet among trees,
Interpreting these ancient mysteries.

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VERY shred of testimony relating impression made upon me was deep and his poor defense. In the midst of so to Roosevelt will increase in value lasting: With the mercury near zero, the much punishment we looked in vain for

with time, and blame will surely wind blew a small hurricane and there the slightest sign of distress. He was attach to his classmates if their only seemed to be no refuge from it. Our full of animation and attack to the excuse for silence is modesty, provided hands and ears and toes were miserably very end, and completely disappointed only the incidents described are char- cold, the ice was very rough, and we our prophecy that he would lose bis acteristic.

both skated abominably. There was no temper. Just before he entered the I was one of his Harvard classmates, chance for a good talk, but he kept ring I asked him how he felt, and he having a pleasant but far from intimate saying, “Isn't this perfectly bully?"

: said he felt all right, only much annoyed acquaintance with him. We addressed and I, not to be outdone, lied and for several days by a nervous intestinal each other by first names, but rarely ex- grinned and declared it was great sport. disturbance common to people afflicted changed calls. I enjoyed, however, an Plainly by his actions he was afraid with stage fright. Fighting under such occasional walk and a good many talks the frost would deprive him of a toe or conditions would sap to the point of with him at the gymnasium, where, ex- an ear, and he cautioned me to watch exhaustion the vitality of the ordinary cepting some boxing bouts (as I recall my own (as though the pain I suffered youngster. I remember thinking of the in senior year), I never saw him do were not enough). Perhaps for the first exhibition he had given me the day we anything more strenuous thau skip rope quarter hour I was buoyed up with the skated on Fresh Pond, and I told him and pull himself backward and forward preconceived idea that this was a “bully I had no misgivings as to the result. between two parallel upright bars while time.” After that I grit my teeth, re- Nor do I mean to give the impression rising on his toes. I remember how solved not to be the first to quit. It that he had any misgivings, only keenly proud I was of my own magnanimity took every ounce of grit in me. One enjoyed the bout from beginning to and tact in refraining from expressing hour we skated or scuffled about, then end. the contempt I felt for these elementary a second hour, and not until well on In those days, when youngsters at exercises. Not only had I rowed on my into the third with obvious regret did college sometimes watched each other freshman crew and was headed for the he suggest home.

with a hypercritical eye, I often heard top place on the college list of Dr. His boxing bout with Richard Trim- the criticism that Roosevelt's greeting Sargent's strong men, but I had early ble further illustrated the vitality as of men that he knew but slightly grasped the idea of health and resist- well as also the courage and restraint unusually effusive and cordial. From ance to disease as distinguished from that marked him through life. The the skating and boxing incidents I be muscle, boasted of having never owned bout was much discussed in college and came conscious of an exuberant vitality an overcoat, and one winter wore no the prediction freely made that one that more than explained this manner undershirt.

good tap on the nose would mark the of greeting We had in common the ideal of self- end of all sparring, would find Roose- Of escapades as to wine or women development to be achieved through velt with temper lost and lowered head there simply were

none. A man's stern training, and also the ideal of rushing in to finish the fight. He re- classmates know. devotion to the State ; but so marked ceived not only one good tap on the My interest in certifying to this is was his intellectual maturity and gen- nose, but so many and so fast and hard to bring out the Aristotelian quality of eral grasp on life that I felt myself a that it was obvious he was hopelessly pure virtue performed without conPygmy in thought even while trying to outclassed. The exhibition was dis- scious effort, evil overcome by good, no big-brother him in gymnastics.

tinctly gory, and I remember wonder- time for mischief, no time even to de One bitterly cold winter afternoon ing whether in addition to his shorter velop a little Puritan asceticism or we spent skating at Fresh Pond, and as reach and height and lesser weight de- priggishness, but always striding fora test and illustration of his vitality the fective sight was not also a factor in ward toward the accomplishment of



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ome great purpose. Satan must have arly grown tired of watching in vain or the proverbial moment when he uld catch him with idle hands.

Hypercriticism and a certain indiffernce were altogether too much in the larvard atmosphere at that time, and et no man was as free from them as Coosevelt.

Take a few lines from the well-known lasty Pudding Club verses of George Pellew, the poet of our class of 1880: Harvard, what makes thy highest ef

forts vain ? What spell unnerves thy limbs and

dulls thy brain ? What is this cursed indifference of thy

sons ? What kinship have we with those star

crowned ones Who fought and nobly fell at duty's

call Of whom this place is now memo

rial? Is ours a changeless doom to live

unmoved ? Indifferent to creeds because

proved ? Indifferent to politics, because 'Tis ignorance united makes the laws ? Despairing with a gentlemanly shame To mount the modern pillory of

fame? We long to sit with newspaper un

furled Indifferent spectators of the world.... These lines described with remarkable accuracy the undergraduate atmosphere of 1880, so that when Roosevelt plunged into politics and the New York State Legislature shortly after graduation one realizes how completely free the use of weapons or to be able to women as effective combatants as men he must have been from this taint. defend himself, as in such a state there in a totally altered state of society. Living in the very midst of it, the would of course be no need to guard (The humor of the following in a solnative hue of his resolution was never against wrong of any kind; yet in the “Dissertation”): “ Amazons are even in danger of being sicklied o'er. world as it at present exists I think by no means creations of the fancy, but

As a further illustration of a certain one of the most important duties either really exist; one of the Negro Kings maturity in his angle of approach to for an individual or for a nation is the of Guinea has a body guard composed grave questions of the day, take his duty of being able to protect himself exclusively of women.” Note the chivgraduation dissertation on the subject (or itself) and others against oppres- alrous spirit in the following: “If we of “ Equalizing Men and Women Before sion ; that it is your duty to be able to could once thoroughly get rid of the the Law.” He begins: “In advocating fight effectively." (The very form of ex- feeling that an old maid is more to be any measure we must consider not only pression that he continued to use for looked down upon than an old bachits justice butits practicability.” Follow- the next forty years.) And later he says: elor.” And again :" As regards the laws

“ ing closely, as I had, the teachings of “Men can fight in defense of their relating to marriage there should be the my cousin Julia Ward Howe, this rights, while women cannot. This cer- most absolute equality preserved beshocked me greatly. The very idea that tainly makes a powerful argument

tween the two sexes. I do not think a principle could be just but not prac- against putting the ballot into hands the woman should assume the man's ticable was repugnant to me. Know- unable to defend it; these objec

name ;1

I would have the word ing, as we do, his enthusiasm and ideal. tions would apply just as well if one obey' used not more by the wife than ism, the restraint and maturity of his caste of males were weaker than another by the husband.” views are the more notable. caste. I see no reason why Quakers At one point he says: “I contend

' Then and there he seemed to sense should vote." Having put up this argu- that even as the world is it is not only his position in the great army of prog- ment, he proceeds to knock it down : feasible but advisable to make women ress. No discussion of academic theories “There are many other forces in the equal to men before the law, leaving for him. His place was to be with the world besides capacity for fighting;... out for the time being all question of hard bitters in the front center, and after wealth is as necessary for defense as the franchise.” He is too cautious to he was assured that the best practical mere fighting capacity ; . . . a cripple or 1 Roosevelt's sister, Mrs. Douglas Robinson, tells course had already been mapped. a consumptive in the eye of the law is us that he entertained up to the day of his death His thesis goes on to say: “In an

the belief that a married woman should preserve equal to the strongest athlete or the

He did not mean, however, she ideally perfect state of society strict deepest thinker, and the same justice says, that there should not be a common family justice would at once place both sexes should be shown to a woman whether

name in marriage, but that Mary Brown who mar

ries John Smith should be known as Mrs. Mary on an equality. But in an ideally per- she is or is not the equal of man; Brown Smith and not as Mrs. John Smith, or that fect state of society it would also be moreover, it is impossible to say how

his sister should be addressed as Mrs. Corinne

Roosevelt Robinson rather than as Mrs. Douglas perfectly needless for any man to learn much could be done towards making Robinson.-THE EDITORS.


Photograph by Pach Brus.

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include the franchise. Lawrence Abbott National party questions are not to estimates his caution as one of his nota

be considered. ble qualities. Roosevelt's graduation Our object is to promote the elecdissertation confirms this estimate. If he

tion of honest and capable representa

tives could fairly be classed as a conservative

The immediate work before us is : in the reactionary sense, he would not be preaching equality in the marriage laws, neutralizing the word "obey," and ob

Turning to page 7, we find: jecting to the woman's obligation to take the man's name. He was fighting

Oct. 13, 1882. Meeting of Executive

Committee held at office of President for reform, but the reform must be

S. J. Colgate, 287 Pearl St. Followpractical and the fight must be cau

ing letter read : tiously carried on.

S. J. Colgate Esq., Enthusiasm, idealism, concentration,

Presdt. City Reform Club. and amazing vitality were his distinctive

Dear Sir: qualities at college, but perhaps his

On thinking over the matter it ability to translate vitality into concen. seems to me of vital importance that tration was the most notable of all. the Club should not contain among its Our classmate Charles Washburn, in members

any who are at present officehis admirable little book on Roosevelt,

holders or who may become so in the

future. brings out these facts as well as the simplicity of his character, and through I am at present a member of the

N. Y. Legislature and if I am relife every act is true to this diag

nominated I may very possibly be a nosis.

candidate for re-election. We both taught Sunday school in Under the circumstances, tho', it is old Christ Church, but Jacob Riis's needless to say, most heartily sympalegend that Roosevelt was excused be- thizing with the objects of the Club, I cause the Church disapproved of his do not think it would be for its adviews on fighting was news to me. I

vantage to have me continue as

Member. never heard Roosevelt speak of this,

Very truly yours,

THEODORE ROOSEVELT. and in my talks with my own boys

New York, Oct. 13, 1882. readiness to fight in many situations was urged upon them.

Resolved: The pew partitions did not extend to

That no office-holder or candidate the floor, and we were often embar

for office be eligible for membership,

and that the Club hereby pledges rassed by the permutations and combi

itself not to support any of its memnations of our pupils. We might begin

bers for office until a year after his with a class of ten, only at the end of

public resignation from the Club.... the Litany to rise from our knees with

POULTNEY BIGELOW, but five left in the class, the change

Secretary executed noiselessly and without disorder.

It should be noted that a Citizens'

Association " had been in existence Leaving a number of us at the Harvard Law School, Roosevelt continued shortly before 1882, with an executive his education under the best of all

committee of three, representing, howteaching systems-learning by doing

ever, a large membership. These three and in New York primaries and legis

men rather suddenly took political office, latures studied at first hand the great

and the association came to an untimely

end. The late Professor Van Amringe springs of human action. We had discussed at college the need

is my authority for this item of local of improving New York's city govern


There was undoubtedly a feeling in ment, and in the fall of 1882 he called a meeting at his house and organized

1882 that no political association could the City Reform Club. The following preserve its independent judgment and is from the minute-book which later

give its criticisms with authority if any

of its members held office. came into my possession as President of that club. Page 5:

Following are from minute-book,

page 40: "Dec. 4th, 1882, remarks by
First meeting of the City Reform Theo. Roosevelt-introduced as the
Club of New York held at No. 55
West 45th Street, Tuesday Evening,

patriarch of the Club. Same received October 10th, 1882, Mr. Theodore

with applause." Page 80, the New Roosevelt in the Chair. .. Re- York “World's ” account of a meetsolved–That this_organization be

ing: known as the City Reform Club; that Fourteen were in full-dress suits, the object of this club be to promote thirty-six carried canes and twentythe election of honest, capable men to two had their hair furrowed down the Municipal offices.

center. Two Irishmen who walked The call for the meeting contained

into the room by mistake looked

around for a few moments and then the following:

went out, one of them remarking : “If We propose to begin work by en- that's a Skirmishing Fund meeting, deavoring to defeat the election of shure, it must be a gathering of the such local candidates, IRRESPECTIVE treasurers of the branches." OF PARTY, as are notoriously unfit to “You are wrong, Mike,” remarked represent the interests of this City. his companion, quietly; "them's the


sons of New York landowners, and they are going to tell each other hor their fathers, collect the rent. It's a school in hereditary economy, so it is."

Mr. Edward M. Shepard, a young gentleman from Brooklyn, was introduced as the first speaker. As he only wore a Prince Albert coat, dark waistcoat and drab pantaloons, he was taken for a Democrat and did not receive a greeting. His subject related chiefly to non-partisan organizations and independent political clubs. He made the political dudes—all Republicansscowl when he referred to popular aprisings to rebuke a party that becomes domineering and nominates candidates and approves platforms which are distasteful to the people.

Chairman Colgate, introducing Mr. Theodore Roosevelt, said that he represented the best quality in the Legislature, and was the best

representative from this city in the Assembly. The chief of the dudes bowed his acknow). edgements. His trousers were so tight that in making his gyrations he only bent the joints above the belt. He certainly must have used a shoe-horn in getting over his heel. As he was a Re publican, and their chief, every cane was dropped and every cane hand (was occupied in giving him a cordial re ception. He began by saying that not many years ago it was a reproach for a wealthy young man to “ aspire" for an elective office. Such was not the case now. There should be no such thing as class in polities. The vote of a bricklayer, if honestly cast and cast with good intentions, should command as much respect as the vote of a millionaire. Class distinction in politics and elections was wrong and un American. Candidates for office should be voted for on their individual merits. In referring to legislation at Albany he said that in his opinion there would be no new charter. He was opposed to the amendments of Mayor Edson. There ought to be a new charter to go into effect with a new Mayor in 1885

. There should be a civil service in the municipal government. All subordi. nates should be selected by competitive examination. A man in office or having emoluments would work harder for his party than a man who ad. vanced ideas for the party's good and did not have an office. Mr. Roosevelt said that the aqueduct question was not whether New York actually needed one, but if the Democrats needed four thousand votes in 1894. He closed by upbraiding the dudes, present and absent, for not knowing more about politics and what was going on at the City Hall and Albany. He cited an instance of a dude friend of his who told him that he had voted for him for Congress, and was glad that he had been sent to Washington, and the dude told him that his speeches and votes in the Board of Aldermen would insure his re-election. When Mr. Roosevelt finished the other dudes took the tops of their canes out of their mouths and tapped the floor with the other end, and then they lighted cigarettes.

Ten years later Mr. Pulitzer cabled the “World” to publish every day



“ Ballot

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something about the Good Government Clubs.

During its earlier years the City Reform Club was too critical and not constructive enough to gain Roosevelt's approval, and many of us felt keenly his criticism that we were not practical.

We were Republicans and Democrats who believed in non-partisanship in city affairs. Our war cry was Reform," “Civil Service Reform," ** Separate Municipal Elections," and "Home Rule," and while we published an annual record of Assemblymen and Senators at Albany, we attacked the New York District Attorney, Excise Commissioners, and Police Department for various derelictions. Provided our charges produced a moral certainty of guilt and aroused public opinion, they were considered successful, though they did not end in convictions.

Rarely did we have such a success as the “ Central Park Speedway Repeal. The Legislature, in that case, that passed the “grab” repealed its own act. politics, for no man intending to hold defeat had ample opportunity to know

Roosevelt felt that we were many of his place in that game would have been the truth, testified to by both Washburn us Republicans at heart, and could be

at such pains in season and out to irri- and Abbott, as to the way he took that doing more effective work by joining tate his fellow-workers by preaching defeat. Never had I seen him so genial the Republican party. Obstinately we and practicing this doctrine. And the and so free from every element of the refused, until in the early nineties same conclusion can be drawn from his disappointment, rancor, and chagrin Edmond Kelly, returning to this coun- enforcement as Police Commissioner of with which the ignorant press of the try, expanded the City Reform Club the Excise Law in New York City. country so freely charged him. into the City Club and Good Govern- Washburn might have added that if His ability to translate vitality into ment Clubs, which were credited with Roosevelt had planned to make politics concentration has already been noted. . the election of Mayor Strong, who sum- his career he fully realized that ap- The same vitality preserved his good moned Roosevelt in 1895 to the Police pointive office in itself is actually a bar humor and made him the most cheerful Commission.

to progress in the estimation not only loser. Nor does it seem to me that that While Police Commissioner he was of the workers in the party but of a vitality had been appreciably sapped my guest at a big Good Government

great portion of the public. It is too at the time of his last photograph. His Club dinner and there fairly flayed much like a plum handed to a man eye expressed to the last a high potenan old-time Republican spoilsmonger without calling upon him to campaign tial, a readiness for new tasks to be in a formal debate on the "Merit Sys- for it in the limelight. “

undertaken the eye the sure index of tem.”

Unlike my classmate Charles Wash- the man. He had not grown old. He The incident sustains Washburn's con- burn, I followed eagerly Roosevelt's was of the kind the gods love-whentention that Roosevelt was not really in Progressive campaign, and after his ever these die they die young.





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\HEODORE ROOSEVELT'S good friend John Covert, then United house, where I was met by two very

sister, Mrs. Douglas Robinson, States Consul at Lyons, and also from friendly dogs, who, wagging a hearty

has given us permission to print Madame Joseph Roumanille of Avignon, welcome, accompanied me to the front the following letter which does honor the widow of Mistral's lifelong friend door. As I stood wondering how I to three unusual men—Theodore Roose- and fellow Félibre. I was encouraged might advertise my arrival-there was

— velt; the French poet of Provence, to visit the good oll Provençal poet by no bell nor kuocker—a well-favored, Mistral; and a gifted American littera- the daughter of Madame Roumanille, radiantly smiling peasant girl came teur and critic, William Agnew Paton. Madame Félix Gras, widow of the from an outbuilding, wiping soapsuds All three men are now dead, but the author of The Reds of the Midi," from her arms and drying them on her fine and living spirit of each is re- who assured me that I, as an American, apron, who, unquestioned, evidently vealed in an unusual way in the story would be made heartily welcome by “ Lé guessing my errand, waved me to enter which Mr. Paton tells. Of Roosevelt's Maître." And so it fell out!

the house, volunteering the information: letter to Mistral his sister says in a I drove from Avignon, where I was Le Mátre est à la maison.I renote to us : “I consider Theodore's staying, six miles southward, crossing quested her to have the goodness to letter to Mistral one of the most beau- the Durance, and reached Maillane, a inform Le Maître that an American tiful utterances of his life.”

small town at the foot of Les Alpilles, wished to pay his respects to him.

early in the afternoon. Mistral's house, Mariou (I afterwards learned her full MR. PATON'S LETTER

a small, plain, but neat and comfortable title-Mariou dou Poëtou) ran into the My dear Mrs. Douglas Robinson : dwelling, stands at the southern edge beuse, leaving me in the care of the

In March, 1905, I visited Frédéric of the town, with its back to the public two interested, politely curious, wellMistral at his home in Maillane. I bore street. Entering the little, well-kept mannered dogs — "Pan-Panet” et “Jean

“ a letter of introduction to him from his garilen, I passed along one side of the

Toutours"--with whom, on longer I do not remember just when, but after a bit ” I bethought me of the letters of introduction with which I had been furnished by John Covert and Madame Roumanille; and while Mariou was passing round little glasses of cordial of prunes and certain spicy petits-fours of almond flour, home made by Madame Mistral, I presented the missals to Le Maître, who, somewhat to my embarrassment, read aloud the very complimentary allusions therein contained recommending the American stranger to the good will and kind courtesy of the addressee. This belated presentation of my credentials was what theologians would call "a work of supererogation,” for in my quality as an American-assumedly a representative American I had been ac corded what might be termed an international welcome, after which there was little need for a personal, individual introduction. Le Maître availed himself of the opportunity to learn my name as he read it in the letters I had de livered to him.

And so the afternoon slipped away, and, in spite of my repeated pretenses that I wished to depart (nothing was further from my thoughts !), I was urged to remain, and remain I did without any suspicion crossing my mind that I was outstaying my welcome, so genuine and charming was the hospitality accorded me, and so reassuring the good will shown me and the in. terest taken in their new-found American friend by my kind host and hostess. Finally, at sunset, I took resolution in both hands and made ready to set out on my return to Avignon. Mariou fetched my overcoat, Le Maître helpen

me to put it on, Madame presented me acquaintance and with Le Maître's spring's pruning, one chair for Madame, with a little flask of her home-made approval, I became delightfully inti- one for the American, and one, his fa

prune cordial, Jean Toutours and Panmate. As I stepped into the narrow vorite armchair, placed in the middle, Panet actively performed whatever cerehall and hesitated a moment, wondering and begged us to be seated. Mariou monies seemed to them appropriate t? what to do next, Le Maître, warned of took her station respectfully behind the speeding of the departing guest; and my coming by Mariou, came from his Madame, the two dogs made themselves tout le monde - Le Maître, Madame,

--study and, quickly advancing towards comfortable in what were evidently Mariou, Jean Toutours, and Panme, took both of my hands in both of their accustomed places during family Panet-accompanied me to a landau in his, saying, Mon ami Américain,

аті , congresses, one on either side of the waiting, where my two dog friends soit le bien-venu,” and, before I could hearth, where they lay keeping their wagged au revoir, Mariou shook hands present my letters of introduction or

bright, intelligent eyes wide open to à la mode Anglaise, where I again even mention my name, ushered me into note what was now to be seen and kissed Madame's hand, as in courtesy the small sitting-room, where he pre- done, and thereupon ensued one of the bound, and where, to my surprised de sented me, not by name but as an most delightfully informal and interest- light, Le Maître, lui aussi, gave me American, to Madame Mistral, a hand- ing conférences in which it ever was the accolade. some Dijonnaise, many years younger my good fortune to take part.

I foregathered with Frédéric Mistral than her husband, who received me I could hardly appreciate my good daily for the next ten days during my most graciously. She was dressed in the luck! All these simple and altogether stay in Provence. He came to see me Provençal peasant costume, but was charming informalities attending my at my hotel in Avignon ; I accompanied nevertheless so evidently a woman of reception had not lasted five minutes, a

him to Arles to visit his museum, to refinement and gentle quality that I and yet one of the pleasantest of my which he gave the money he received kissed her hand, as seemed fitting and dreams had come true; the welcome as the Nobel Prize for Literature; alue to her gentility. Then Mariou, promised by Madame Félix Gras had together we visited Les Baux, the an. maid-of-all-work, her sleeves now rolled been realized, and never had I been so cient city of the Troubadours, Château down, shook hands with me, while Jean quickly made to feel at home as I did, Reynard, and Tarascon of Tartarin; ,

, ; Toutours and Pan-Panet made their all at once, when I took my seat, an we made a pilgrimage to Le Moulin manners as became their master's well- honored guest, at the foyer of Frédéric where Alphonse Daudet wrote his fastrained doggies. Le Maître drew up Mistral, the one man in Europe, at cinating "Lettres, and I spent the


” three chairs and set them before the that time, whom I was most anxious to mornings of two days and the afterblazing fire of olive fagots of that see and, if possible, to meet and know.

noon of one other day with Le Maître




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