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his home in Maillane. Memorable where they might be seen of his country. me the original letter and requested m ys!

folk, who would treasure them after he to read it aloud to him ; although, as hMistral was (1905) in his seventy- was gone. To one photograph that hung confessed, he did not understand Eng cond year, but he did not look his age on the wall above his desk where it was lish, he wished to hear the words again - twenty years. He had light hair in front of him as he sat to write, to be He had had it translated into Frenc rning gray, blue-gray eyes, was fair- seen whenever he lifted his

eyes

from (I think by Robert P. Skinner, the vored, not of a Latin type, true Gas- his work (I cannot remember now, after United States Consul at Marseilles m as he was, but, like Loubet and twelve years, whether or no it was signed and from that French version he him odin, probably of Norman stock. He by its original), but to that photograph self had made a translation into Pro as 3 broad-shouldered, deep-chested, of all Mistral particularly called my at- vençal, which, he said, he carried abou ry tall, very handsome. He laughingly tention ; he spoke of it as the chief with him so that he might read it to hi ld me that he resembled Buffalo Bill, treasure of his collection, and I remem- friends, as he often did, to their grea d he did-a very refined Buffalo Bill. ber how my heart went out to Le profit and delight. As I began to rea e had never been seriously ill in his life. Maître when he turned to me and, what, permit me to say, I believe to b ewas a healthy, wholesome, very active, throwing up his head, said: “If I could one of the most inspired and inspirin -werful, athletic man; at seventy-two go to your America, it would be to take letters ever written by one

seemed to be in his prime. There him by the hand." The photograph in genius to another, Madame Mistral lai is not a trace of vanity in his makeup, question was that of your brother put- aside her sewing and, arising, stood in t he loved to be praised ; loved to be ting his horse over a high leap--and tent and silent. Mistral himself listene ld that people loved him. He loved Mistral's comment on it was :

acutely, gently waving his right arm a rance, his nation, loved Provence, his rides straight, and for him there are no if beating time as he was wont to d ys, loved his foyer. He could not unconquerable obstacles." Then from a when reciting passages of his own ar to leave his home, would not go to drawer in his desk he took a package poetry. He evidently had heard th iris, so far from home, even to be containing the original manuscript of letter read so often that he could follow ade an Académicien. The love he bore the letter to a copy of which, printed in the sense of it line by line, and as 3 compatriots, “mes Provençeaux,” as "Memoirs of Mistral, rendered into spoke the English words he seemed to

called them, was returned many English by Constance Elizabeth Maud,” know them by heart-bad them in hi nusandfold. He had more than two I I called your attention last Sunday, and heart although he could not bring then ousand goddaughters (Provençelles), which, when we begged you to do so, you to speech. When I finished by reading med after the heroine of his great were so kind as to read aloud to my wife, the signature, " Theodore Roosevelt,

“ em

“Mireio(Mireille). In my to brother David and me. I inclose Mistral turned to me, his eyes shinin unds with him be seemed never to eral typewritten copies of the letter as it with glad emotion, and said : “C'es et man, woman, or child who did not

appears in the book above named. The lui qui donne une nouvelle espérance ow him personally and whom he did original manuscript of this letter is now l'Humanité." t know. Men took off their hats to (framed and exhibited) in Mistral's

WILLIAM AGNEW PATON. n and called him Maître; women Provençal Museum at Arles. Carefully

Princeton, New Jersey, urtesied to him and asked him how he undoing the package, Mistral handed February 22, 1918. 1 and how was Madame; children a after him to be patted on the head ; en the good doggies of the vicinage n to him to wag their joy at seeing n. I never saw a man so loving and

White House, Washington, red, so contented with his lot and

December 15, 1904, 10 had so many sure reasons for con

My dear M. Mistral : at. I think of him as the most envi.

Mrs. Roosevelt and I were equally pleased with the book and the le man I ever met.

medal, and none the less because for nearly twenty years we have posAnd now I shall tell you the profit

sessed a copy of “ Mireille.” That copy we shall keep for old association's le little tale you said you would like sake ; though this new copy with the personal inscription by you must have me write down for you:

hereafter occupy the place of honor. Mistral's study, one of four small

All success to you and your associates! You are teaching the lesson oms on the ground floor of his house that none need more to learn than we of the West, we of the eager, restMaillane, was not more than fifteen less, wealth-seeking nation; the lesson that after a certain not very high et square, with one window giving to level of material well-being has been reached, then the things that really e west and one to the south; there

count in life are the things of the spirit. Factories and railways are good as an open fireplace, the floor was un

up to a certain point; but courage and endurance, love of wife and child, rpeted, polished by many and fre

love of home and country, love of lover for sweetheart, love of beauty ient scrubbings, the walls were of

in man's work and in nature, love and emulation of daring and of lofty bite plaster, and on them were hung any photographs of the poet's friends

endeavor, the homely workaday virtues and the heroic virtues—these are od admirers. There was one of which

better still, and if they are lacking, no piled-up riches, no roaring, clange Maître spoke en passant and without

ing industrialism, no feverish and many-sided activity shall avail either

the individual or the nation. I do not undervalue these things of a verence, an autographed photograph the Emperor of Germany. Mistral

nation's body; I only desire that they shall not make us forget that ever forgot that he had been a franc

beside the nation's body there is also the nation's soul. reur in 1870! He did, however, point

Again thanking you, on behalf of both of us, ith approval to the likeness signed by

Believe me ictor Emmanuel III of Italy, and called

Very faithfully yours, ly attention particularly to those of

THEODORE ROOSEVELT. ladstone, Castelar, Alphonse Daudet,

To M. Frédéric Mistral. nd Gambetta. There were numerous ther gift photographs signed by the reat ones of state, literature, science,

ROOSEVELT'S LETTER TO MISTRAL nd the arts. All these he told me he

It was this letter which prompted the French poet to say of Roosevelt: “C'est lui qui donne un hould remove to his museum in Arles,

nouvelle espérance à l'Humanité"—it is he who has given new hope to Humanity

LEADERS IN INDUSTRY, BUSINESS, AND FINANCE

TELL HOW THEY WILL VOTE AND WHY

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TIGHT of the foremost American We have discovered the fact that Ten representative men of affairs novelists and one hundred and while writers and college presidents are whom we approached have, however

, forty-seven presidents of Ameri- generally willing to tell the public where shown themselves exceptions to this can colleges and universities have in the they stand, a majority of American general rule. These ten men are happily last two issues of The Outlook answered business men

are reluctant to voice representatives of widely scattered inits question, How Will You Vote and their opinions openly. Many men in terests. We are certain that readers of Why?" The Outlook, in its endeavor business and industry, in response to The Outlook will give to the opinious to make its poll of public opinion our inquiry, have been willing to tell us expressed in this group of replies the broadly representative of American personally for whom they would vote closest attention and the weightiest colllife, turned for its third discussion of the and why, but they have not consented sideration. The arguments are worth issues of the campaign to men of affairs. to the publication of their views. listening to.---THE EDITORS.

Y vote for in this election, and why.

“ AS A REPUBLICAN I AM GOING This is the issue the people are to vote Signing the Peace Treaty involves TO VOTE FOR THE DEMOCRATIC on, and, so far as I have been able to

also joining the League of Nations. CANDIDATE”

find out, nobody seems to know it. This, however, is comparatively unim

The Republican candidate says he is
By James A. McIntosh

portant; for, whether the League prove not in favor of signing the Peace to be good or whether it prove to be General Counsel for the New York Life Insurance

Treaty which our allies have signed bad, we are not necessarily in it forCompany

and compelled the enemy to sign be- ever. But we are out of the Peace me

cause it involves entering the League Treaty forever unless we become a vote for in this election, and why. of Nations; that we ought to have

party to it. I answer, as a Republican I am going peace, and therefore he is in favor of The Republicans meet this by saying to vote for the Democratic candidate for making peace by a Republican Con- we get nothing out of the Peace Treaty. President, and I will tell you why. gress passing a resolution declaring that The obvious answer is twofold: first, it

We started out to lick the Germans a state of peace exists; and that no is not true; second, if it were true, and to punish them. I believe in finish- effort should be made to make a sep- it would not justify the loss of our ing the job, and finishing it right. arate peace with the enemy.

National honor. The League of Nations is a subordi- Thus it is the Republican policy to The Republicans also say that the nate issue in this election. The real abandon our allies, to turn away from enemy will be punished. The answer to issue is, Shall the United States sign the defeated enemy without exacting

the defeated enemy without exacting this is that the enemy will not be ade the Peace Treaty, or shall the United justice from him, and to say to our sol

justice from him, and to say to our sol quately punished. Unless the United States abandon her allies, turn her back iers, living and dead, that what they States is a party to the Treaty, Geron her soldiers, let the enemy they de- fought and many of them died for did many will never observe its terms either feated go unwhipped of justice, and, not amount to enough to justify Amer- in letter or in spirit, and probably caninstead of signing a peace treaty under icau statesmanship in following up their not be made to. But if the enemy were which the defeated and despicable victory with appropriate punishment of adequately punished without the help enemy will be suitably punished, make the enemy. Thus what American valor of the United States, does this justify a peace, as the Republican candidate won, American statesmanship, blinded us in shirking our duty ? Is it honorsays, “by resolution of Congress” ? by party prejudice, would lose.

able to ask other nation's to do what we

of our

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re unwilling to do and what it is our safe and sound. He will make friends vote for President, and why, has been uty to do?

wherever he goes, because he is a thor- received, and in compliance therewith I It is because I am in favor of finish- oughly human and likable person.

desire to make the following statement: ng the job we set out to do, and finish- In the nomination of Coolidge we Replying first to the inquiry as to ng it right, that I cannot support my of Massachusetts are highly satisfied, whom I shall vote for in the coming arty with its despicable and awful because we know the man ; but beyond Presidential election, wish to state that uggestion of peace by resolution of this the nomination was more than that I have decided to cast my vote for Congress. I hate a quitter.

of a man, it was the recognition of a Senator W. G. Harding, the Repubprinciple, of the paramount importance can candidate.

of the preservation, particularly at this Outlining briefly my reasons for so “I PROPOSE TO VOTE FOR

time, of law and order, of the supremacy doing, suffice it to say that I believe a HARDING AND COOLIDGE”

of right action in an emergency over change is essential in order to restore By Charles G. Washburn mere expediency. That is why a mem- public confidence and bring about a Business man, ex-Congressman from Worcester, ber from Oregon nominated Coolidge, settled condition of affairs in this counMassachusetts, and biographer of Theodore

and why he was supported by those who try, and, in my opinion, a change in Roosevelt

never saw the man, but knew what he Administration will have the effect of In response to your request, I beg

had done, demonstrating the virility of doing this more quickly and effectively to say that in the approaching the principle that this is a government than anything else could.

Senator Presidential election I propose to vote of laws and not of men. This should be Harding has stated that if he is elected or Harding and Coolidge. One reason a matter of profound satisfaction. labor will get a square deal, which is that I am a Republican; another The candidates will, if elected, re- all labor is asking for or can expect, nd better reason, that the Republican spond to the best aspirations of the and I feel confident that if he is elected arty is far better fitted than the Demo

American people, both in the conduct to the Presidency he will make good ratic to deal with our domestic and

own Government and in our this promise. oreign problems, never more complex relations with the other nations of the han at the present time.

world. I have heard it said that Senator

“IT IS UNTHINKABLE THAT WE Jarding is not an “ideal” candidate. ”

ARE TO SCRAP THE LEAGUE OF t should be remembered that super- “VOTE AGAINST CANDIDATES

NATIONS” men are scarce. A Lincoln or a Roose

WHOSE RECORDS ARE A PLEDGE Felt comes perhaps once in a century.

By Frank M. Patterson

OF REACTION” Ve can no more expect them in poli

General Counsel of the Guaranty Trust Co., ics than in other fields of human activ

By Samuel Gompers

New York ty. Year in and year out the work of President of the American Federation of Labor

INTEND to cast my vote for Gov. he world must be done the

Y answer to your question is ernor Cox, of Ohio. ,

I will do this, primarily, for the ure, and possessed of the fundamental fellow-citizens everywhere to vote,

reason that he has come out squarely qualities of honesty and industry, sup- against the candidates whose records

and witliout equivocation in support of plemented by a good education. It is

and whose professions are a pledge the League of Nations ; secondarily, all ortunate that the business of the world

of reaction. In the case of the Presi- other qualifications being equal, I would an be conducted by such men, as there

dency, the platform of the Democratic naturally support him because he is a -re no others to do it. I feel that the Republican party and

party is far in advance of the platform Democrat, upholding the policies of the of the Republican party, and the record

Wilson Administration. he country at large should be abunand spirit of that for which Governor

In this campaign, to my mind, a antly satisfied with the nominations at Cox stands are infinitely superior to

greater moral issue has presented itself Chicago, both in the selection of candithe record and spirit of that for which

to the voters than in many years past. lates and what that selection implies. Senator Harding stands. As Governor

In the last few Presidential campaigns Both candidates are thoroughly typical of Ohio, Mr. Cox has not in any single problems of more or less domestic imf the democratic spirit which should

case acted against the interests of the portance presented themselves for depervade every branch of our Governworking people and the masses of the

cision. In the present campaign the gent. Both are in a sense self-made men people. This is a remarkable record of

overshadowing issue is the League of because, although each has had a liberal

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construction work. I do not believe the Nations, the proper solution of which education, each has had in his boyhood American people will hesitate in mak

affects the happiness and welfare of the -he kind of discipline that accompanies ing a choice in a case where the line of

whole civilized world. necessity for personal endeavor on the demarcation between

It is unthinkable that we are to scrap and

progress part of those who cannot rely exclution is so clear, and I know they can

the League of Nations. If so, what ively upon their support by others. not afford to hesitate. Reaction scoffs

about our soldier dead, and the thouBoth understand the needs, the trials, at ideals, but the American people have

sands of our boys who fought the fight, he aspirations of the average American builded this great Nation upon ideals,

many of whom have returned with life itizen. and they will in this crisis find the way

wounds? Was our entry into the war Senator Harding's relations with the nembers of both houses of Congress, if

to give continued expression to the simply a great adventure to no pur

ideals and principles in which they have ne is elected President, will be human,

pose? The League is the only apparent placed their faith.

fruit of that Great War, and I, for one, ntelligent, and sympathetic, which will

am unwilling to impair or forego the De of enormous advantage to the

great benefits, morally, politically, and Country. He will be a team-worker, not “A SQUARE DEAL IS ALL LABOR

commercially, which must flow to this a dictator. He has in large measure the

Nation from active participation in the

IS ASKING FOR” genius of common sense, and will sur

League. round himself with good advisers. He

By T. V. O'Connor

Cox promises this participation. Harwill subordinate any personal prejudices President of the Longshoremen's Association,

ding does not.

New York City ne may have, if he has any, to the

Some knowledge of international composite sound judgment of the peo- our telegram of October 4, where- affairs and an appreciation of the dire ple. He not be in any way spec

in you request that I state, for

consequences to us for failure to ratify tacular, but he will be in every way publication, for whom I am going to the League Treaty make me an enthu

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siastic supporter of the League and the candidate advocating it.

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I SHALL NOT VOTE THE
DEMOCRATIC TICKET

By John Hays Hammond
President of the Panama-Pacific Exposition, Chair
man of the World Court Congress, 1914–15, ex.
President of the American Institute of Mining

Engineers
SHALL not vote the Democratic
ticket:
1. Because the Democratic party, in
order to win the 1916 election, prom-
ised to “ keep us out of war.

2. Because the Democratic party, with full knowledge of our needs, refrained from a programme of preparedness, in order to avert suspicion that war was imminent. This is the greatest political crime in our Nation's history!

3. Because the Democratic party, since the war, has shown its unpreparedness to handle the problems of

TRAIL'S END-THE HOME OF GOVERNOR COX, NEAR DAYTON, OHIO reconstruction.

4. Because the Democratic party, in the face of European competitiongovernment-subsidized and cutthroatopposes a protective tariff.

5. Because the Democratic party would surrender American nationalism to the super-government of the SmutsCecil-Wilson League.

6. Because the Democratic party, in its fatuous attempt to catch the labor vote, is willing to sacrifice the general welfare by sérvilely yielding to the dictates of certain labor leaders.

7. Because for eight years the Democratic Administration has exhibited bitter partisanship and narrow sectionalism.

8. Because the Democratic party, by its meddlesome, vacillating, and pusillanimous foreign policy, has created abroad hatred and contempt for the American flag

9. Because the Democratic National candidates are not men of the first caliber.

FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT'S COUNTRY HOUSE AT HYDE PARK, NEW YORK 10. I shall vote for Harding and Coolidge, the Republican National can- “ HARDING WILL CALL TO HIS full requirements of leadership. A man didates, because they are eminently AID THE LABORER, FARMER, AND of broad knowledge and diversified erqualified to represent the spirit and

BUSINESS MAN?

perience, he has the dignity of bearing, policies of that party which is the ex

vigor of mind, and power of prompt ponent of our National aspiration,

By George W. Reynolds

action to place him in the forefront of President of the Continental and Commercial

any movement for the welfare of the National Bank, Chicago, Illinois

people. “I BELIEVE IN THE LEAGUE OF URING the next four years we

Trained in business, public and priNATIONS shall, in all probability, be called vate, he has the ability, willingness

, By W. L. Saunders upon to deal with some of the most

and purpose to insist upon a business Chairman of the Board of the Ingersoll-Rand Co.,

momentous questions that have ever like Administration. It is practically New York City ; Director Federal Reserve Bank come before our people or our Gov- two years since the armistice was signed, of New York; Chairman of Naval Consulting Board

ernment. With the gravity of such of United States

and yet taxes are approximately the a probability in mind, I shall vote for same now as when we reached the peak OUR telegram of the 4th received. Warren G. Harding for President. I of taxation in the seventeen months of

I am going to vote for Cox believe he is best able to direct domes- our participation in the war. Can any because I believe in the League of tic affairs with safety, and that he will fair-minded voter believe that we are Nations. I believe that America has so shape our foreign policy as to gain likely to have a reduction of taxes until incurred a distinct moral obligation and hold the respect and friendship of there is a man in the White House who through the war and through the peace the balance of the world.

will demand the adoption of a National negotiations at Versailles which should We never needed a leader more than budget, and one who will insist upon not be repudiated.

now. Mr. Harding measures up to the economy in the use of public money?

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Nations overshadows in importance all others. The Covenant of the League is concededly imperfect, and will require amendment as occasions arise, but it offers the only practicable and available plan for promoting international justice and protecting the peace of the world, and in its main features is a wonderful achievement of statesmanship. The Republican platform and candidate propose that we shall refrain from participation in this League, adopted by other nations largely upon the insistence of our President, and shall pursue a policy of selfish isolation, which history shows to be the precursor of war. With the slogan of " America first” they propose to abandon our late, associates, and to conclude a separate peace with our enemies. I consider such a policy neither wise nor honorable.

I am for Cox and Roosevelt just because I am for America first, and not last, in honor and in service to mankind.

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International

THE HOUSE AND CELEBRATED “FRONT PORCH ” OF SENATOR HARDING AT MARION, OHIO

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“HARDING AND COOLIDGE, BECAUSE I AM OPPOSED TO THE

WILSON LEAGUE”

By Charles Sumner Bird Manufacturer and Progressive Candidate for

Governor of Massachusetts in 1912 AM for Harding and Coolidge.

First-Because I am opposed to the Wilson League, which, if ratified, would, as I see it, impose upon us moral obligations at least which if called upon we would probably never carry into effect; in other words, I would not have America agree to do anything that some day she might refuse to do.

Second— Because the Democratic party has been and is committed to a free-trade policy. The UnderwoodSimmons tariff imposes only an average eight per cent duty upon imported merchandise. It does not and will not

protect the wage-earner or the wage(C) Underwood & Underwood JUST HALF OF THIS HOUSE IS OCCUPIED BY GOVERNOR COOLIDGE AT NORTHAMPTON, MASS.

payer. During the Great War no pro

tective tariff was needed, but to-day Senator Harding has the strength of in the country. He will give us textiles are coming from England and character to do this, and he has prom- representative Administration that will Belgium at an increasing and alarming ised to do it.

be progressive but not radical. He rate. Within two years, unless the tariff It were foolish to shut our eyes to will work towards stable conditions and is changed, our markets will be smoththe unrest now prevalent throughout will inspire confidence.

ered and many of our factories will be the country. It springs from the prob

closed. I have never asked for tariff lems that must be settled within the

protection for the products of my busicoming four years. I want to do my part “THE QUESTION OF THE LEAGUE

ness, but I am satisfied that some Amertowards intrusting the solution of those OF NATIONS OVERSHADOWS ican products need protection, and if problems to a man like Harding, who

ALL OTHERS”

we intend to keep the American standwill call to his aid the laborer, farmer,

ard of living above that existing in and business man. He will consult the

By William Rand

Europe and Asia I am confident that representatives of each, and from them Formerly Assistant District Attorney, New York

we must have a tariff much higher than learn the true conditions. From them

City

anything we are likely to get from the

INTEND to vote for the electors on Democratic party. remedies to be applied. He realizes

Third-Because Governor Cox is not that no one man is big enough to run believe that the record of the Wilson big enough for the biggest job in the this Government alone; he knows he Administrations in domestic affairs world; and, furthermore, because there must have all the help he can secure, is commendable, a contrary opinion is not in the Democratic party a suffiand he will fill Cabinet and other re- would not alter this intention, because,. cient number of competent men out of sponsible positions with the most capa- in my judgment, the question of which a President could choose his ble men from the various leading groups our participation in the League of Cabinet.

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he will get suggestions as to the proper I the Democratic ticket. Although I

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