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HOW GEORGE ADE WILL
VOTE ON N the morning of November 2 I shall
hasten out to vote for Harding. I shall se one of the unnumbered host simply uching for a chance to register a final proest against the peevish autocracy from vhich we are about to escape. The present Administration is going to be overwhelmongly rebuked because:
It failed to prepare for war after a state of war actually existed.
It beguiled the voters with promises of beace long after self-respecting peace had become an impossibility.
It advised the two great democracies of Europe to accept “ peace without victory,” end, a few weeks later, determined that he war had to be carried through to a finsh in order to make the world safe for lemocracy."
It humiliated and shackled men of giant trength who wanted to serve their country and gave the preference to peewees who mad to be carried through the war as excess aggage.
It tried to influence the voters in 1918 by a cheap partisan appeal, and after a crushing defeat still professed to carry to Europe a special “mandate” from the American people.
It made a circus of the peace prelimiaries and curdled the peace negotiations vith the vagaries of one headstrong man.
It brought the United States into disepute with the recent Allies by making hain promises and delivering messages which never had been sent.
It has prolonged a technical state of war py refusing to accept a compromise which would have been acceptable to the present nrolled members of the League of Nations.
It has been sour and intolerant and ackadaisical and generally unreliable.
There are other counts, but these are nough to make it a real pleasure to vote his fall.
GEORGE ADE. October 12, 1920. CHANCELLOR DAY ON THE
POST OFFICE HAVE your letter explaining reason for not publishing my Presidential prefernce. You gentlemen will have to wake p to the fact that Syracuse is about eight housand miles from the city of New Eork under the schedule of the present cost office management, and send your communications in time for an answer to come at least from the distance of Shangai.
JAMES R. DAY. Syracuse, New York.
Those who read the above letter will not und it hard to guess that Chancellor Day ast his vote for Harding. As his “reason e gave simply “every reason.”—THE EDITORS.
He Tore Up the Blueprints T
\HE chief engineer of a $5,000,000 plant in one of St. Louis’ new industrial districts prepared plans and specifications
for an $800,000 generating station to supply electric current. Inquiry developed that St. Louis has a dual supply of cheap hydro-electric current and steam-generated energy in plentiful quantity to serve all industries that locate in St. Louis. The company found that St. Louis is girdled with an interlocking transmission system between the two sources of supply, giving interconnection through eight substations strategically placed throughout the city. The company was convinced. The engineer tore up his blueprints. The plan to build an $800,000 generating station was abandoned. The company found that it could buy its power current in St. Louis cheaper than it could generate its own supply.
St. Louis Has Abundant Electric Power One of the essential factors in industrial development these days is an ample supply of reliable electric energy sold at rates which enable manufacturers to use it in large blocks economically. St. Louis is in a remarkably advantageous position in this respect. It has a large capacity of electric current from the Keokuk Dam and a local steam generating plant located directly on the Mississippi River. St. Louis can furnish ample electric power for any of the following sixteen industries for which there is need and a profitable market in St. Louis trade territory: Shoe laces and findings
Director New Industries Bureau
St. Louis, U. S. A.
LOG CABINS-PAST AND
PRESENT BY OWEN E. McGILLICUDDY THE " old log cabin” is coming back into
its own. While it is not always built in he same style as the modest home favored your grandfathers, there are many communities in Canada and the United teed to-day where loghouses are being . Of course
settler orest country still builds his cabin bezause of necessitous conditions, but there -re communities in the Middle Western States and the more settled parts of
LOG CABINS-PAST AND PRESENT
(Continued) Canada where luxurious log-cabin bungalows with all city conveniences have either been built or are being planned for construction during the present year. Like many other things, the log cabin from a modest beginning has developed into an aristocratic idea.
There are many reasons to commend the building of log cabins. They are warm, sanitary, and can be easily ventilated. According to experts, they can be built much more rapidly than other houses once the material is assembled, and permit of more individuality than is the case with many modern homes.
Speaking to the writer recently, "Ne vada Bill ” McClure, who has built log cabins in the Sierra Nevadas and in northern Ontario, stated that the present-day methods of building log houses, while more costly in outlay, are not so difficult. “Of course the log houses built by the settlers of northern Ontario are used as service able homes,” said Mr. McClure, “and they should not be confused with the present demand for bungalow cabins and sunimer homes. Nevertheless all log cabins
, whether modest or ambitious in size, must adhere to the same guiding principles.
“ The basis for all log cabins is found in the humble home erected by forest pioneers,” declared Mr. McClure. “ These are generally constructed from spruce or tamarack trees cut down in the woods and hewed out into logs either twelve by twenty or twelve by sixteen inches. They are in most cases hewed smooth, so that the surfaces will lie fairly level one on top of the other
, and dovetail at the ends. The filling up
of the crevices is done with mortar or clay, depending upon which is the more readily procurable. Years ago the chinks or crerices were nearly all filled by clay, for the simple reason that the pioneers had no mortar to use.
" Nowadays the roofing is nearly all done by means of ready-made material," continued this veteran cabin builder. “ This consists of tar paper, sand, and asphalt. Of course shingles are sometimes used, but the present price of shingles is almost prohibitive for the settler. The floors are generally made out of hewed trees, and the fireplaces, which were the only means of heating in our grandfathers' time, are always built from end to end in one corner of the cabin.”
Mr. McClure stated that out West in various States and in British Columbia pioneer roofs composed of shakes are still in pretty general use.
“Recently, while building log cabins in the shadows of the Sierra Nevadas,” he said, “I saw this form of roof on many cabins. These are made into a kind of shingle by felling pine trees and splitting them out into slices about four feet long by six inches wide.
“ One of the main differences between modern cabins and those of the early settlers,” pointed out Mr. McClure, “is in tlie construction of the doors and windows. The doors of the pioneer cabins were wonderful works of ingenuity constructed elltirely without nails. The door-jamb linings were generally made from split trees,
while the door iseif was made from half slabs, and when shut tight would fit close in the fashion of a miter. In fact no nails were used at all by the early pioneers. Instead they fastened their doors, windows, and in some cases their logs, by dowel-pins made of second-growth ironwood, which grows very
111 be 1 giving l; whether alinos what now being used h putting on our
that it is our custom triplicate, one going to Sertram and one to itr. Phelps,
oxplala thig more fully the nort
aight and is as tough as its name would Hicate.” Most log cabins, according to Mr. Mcure, are built
square, as they were in the ys of our grandfathers, with the excepn of the bungalows which are now being nstructed by those who can afford them
summer homes and shooting lodges. The old log cabin was built square," said
“ because the average settler found at a compact cabin of this shape built her on the side of a hill or in the forest is warmer and more serviceable.” It had endency to make the strain equal on all e timbers used. The main differences in e construction of a log cabin to-day and the pioneer days is to be found in the ofs, the methods of filling chinks, the use nails, the building of chimneys, the subtution of glass for windows in place of ckskin, and the modern plumbing conniences which can be installed. The marity of cabins nowadays have gable-end ofs, whereas in the old days the flat surce covering was usually employed. The ze of the pioneer or settler's, cabin was enerally twenty feet square. Speaking of the time necessary to build log house to-day, Mr. McClure expressed e opinion that one could be erected by odern methods in three weeks. “ This is uch different,” he added, " from the days
our forefathers, when the work was arly all done by the settler himself and ok from two and a half to three months.”
The big difference in building a log buse to-day and in the days of our grandathers is to be found largely in the price I materials and the cost of labor. If a an were building a log house to reside in ot too far from civilization or for vacation urposes, as many well-to-do men in the nited States and Canada are doing at the resent time, he would probably retain the d rough style of exterior in some manner
artistic design, but would sheet all the aterior with either beaver-board or sevengliths pine sheeting. This could be stained ny color that appealed to his or his wife's ncy. The mere erecting of the building self, without any fixtures or modern imrovements, would come to a comparavely high figure. Logs in the vicinity of my city would cost enormously at present arices, and with shingles at $10 and comaon lumber increasing in four year's
from 38 and $40 a thousand to $65 and $85, le man who wanted a log cabin would ave to pay considerable for a house of
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DURHAM-DUPLEX RAZOR CO.
Jersey City, N. J.
Of course the settler, if he happens to e a skilled carpenter and lives close to eavy timber, is still able to erect a warm nd comfortable log cottage at the main utlav of his own time and effort. For his rouble he gains one of the warmest and host comfortable houses that a man can -rovide himself with. The reason for this 3, according to McClure and other auhorities, that wood is a far better insuator in either warm or cold weather than rick or stone. Two facts should always e borne in mind : the windows in a log ouse must always be small and high-in act, close to the roof—so that the main rame of the building may not be weakEned, and the logs must always balance in uch a way as to lie evenly on their mortar
Only recently a St. Louis business man puilt a bungalow summer home in the Canadian town of Cobourg, and the writer informed that the actual construction, without fixtures of any kind, amounted to
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LOG CABINS-PAST AND PRESENT
(Continued) $48,000. Other log-cabin homes of a moulerate price are being erected in Muskoka and the Lake of Bays district this year, and it is stated that on the Pacific coast and the shores of the Great Lakes artistically designed log houses are either already built or in the course of erection.
Training For Service
What science and engineer- spectors, wire chiefs, traffic ing have done to develop the engineers, galvanometer men, mechanical efficiency of the cable splicers, facilities engitelephone, specialized training neers, surveyors, information has done in the development operators, switchboard installof workers.
ers, accountants, testmen, su-'
pervisors, station repairmen, Plant engineers, linemen,
equipment engineers, directory directory clerks, toll operators,
operators, statisticians, apequipment installers, electrol
praisal engineers, routing opysis engineers, trouble hunt- erators and scores of other ers, line repairmen, test table skilled employees are specially operators, chief operators, con- trained for the exacting work tract agents, building engineers, of providing telephone service. line installers, exchange repair- Throughout all work of telemen, plant inspectors, trouble phone construction and operaoperators, fundamental plan tion there is a ceaseless enengineers, draftsmen, estimate deavor at mastery of service clerks, exchange operators,
that makes for improvements cable testmen, equipment in- beneficial to the public. AMERICAN TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
AND, ASSOCIATED COMPANIES
THE HIGH COST OF
a Gathany has aroused considerable criticism. In his survey of Eastern farming conditions Mr. Gathany cited the records of a farmer which showed that the cost of producing corn was approximately two hundred dollars per acre. This figure was considered by many of Mr. Gathany's correspondents to be very excessive.
Mr. Gathany, in confirmation of his fig. ures, has received a detailed report on the crop in question from the farmer who produced it. The farmer is Mr. Charles R. Treat, a member of the Board of Control of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.
It should be noted that Mr. Treat's fig. ures deal with a crop of seed sweet corn and not field corn. It is the personal es. perience of a member of The Outlook's staff that field corn in the East costs at least one hundred dollars an acre to produce at the present time, without any overhead or rent charges. Mr. Treat's letter and his report follow.—THE EDITORS.
October 10, 1920.
Scarborough-on-Hudson, N. Y.
Your letter of the 29th received, and I am inclosing herewith a slip giving detailed cost of producing Evergreen seed sweet corn on nig farm in 1919. The figure of $200 per acre in your article is correct, but that figure includes interest on investment and my own labor in “rent of land” and “overhead” items. Of the cost of $80 for manure, it is customary to charge sixty per cent to crop to which it is applied and forty per cent to crops which follow, hence deduction of $32 from total of $228.50.
I have talked with Western farmers, and they are always surprised at our costs for manure and labor. They use no manure and their fields are so large and free from stone that all work can be done on them at a small percentage of what it costs here. Then this is a specialized seed crop, which requires extra hand labor. Trusting I have answered your inqairy fulls,
CHARLES R. TREAT.
LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE
8.00 9.00 8.00 7.00 1.00% 2.00 7.00 7.50 9.00 25.00 15.00 25.00 10.00
FROM HOUSE TO HOUSE
They Save the Surface, brighten and beautify.
Send for Dlustrated Literature
Brush Manufacturers for Over 110 Years and the largest in the World
Deducting 40 per cent of manure
item not to be charged up to this сгор..
THE YOUNGER INDIANS
N October 2 a meeting was held in
Riverside, California, of the Mission alian Co-operative Society. This is a ciety of the younger Indians of south
California, and its organization in June this year marked an epoch in the develment of the Mission Indians. The purpose of the society is to work in unit for land allotment, with all the hts and obligations and privileges of 11 American citizenship. But this particular meeting in October es called for a specific purpose. In 14 a law was passed making all money heretofore or hereafter
expended in veloping water on the Mission Indian servations reimbursable. This law is reactive, and so illegal; but can only be ught in the courts at great expense to the dians, who cannot afford it. The water developments were put in as gratuity, the Indians having no voice in e location of the wells put down, the anner of water conservation within the atershed, the materials used in the work, the selection of so-called engineers to the work. The gross incompetence of Government anagement and the waste of Government ending is an old, old story. One illustraon here will suffice. The Malki Indian servation has a watershed nearly equal in tent to that of their near neighbors, the eople of Banning, five miles away. The overnment spent in the Malki project an nount of money nearly equivalent to the nount spent by Banning in their water -nyon. Yet during this last summer the dians had three small heads of water hich ran at intervals when the pump was ot broken down, compared to the twenty ads of water that ran continuously all mmer with no intermission for the town Banning. Furthermore, some of the aterials in the Malki project were so oor that they will soon have to be reaced, or the system will not work to the Etent it does now. And Congress has said that the Indians ust pay for all the money heretofore or Preafter expended. In March, 1920, a bill as passed authorizing the Secretary of ne Interior to institute the necessary proeedings to collect this money. The date or the first payment was set for Novemer 15, 1920.
News of all this percolated slowly among he Indian people. At first they were unilling to believe the Government would cart proceedings so absolutely unjust. But mally they realized that the laws are on ne statute-books and must be enforced or hanged.
The Indians are hoping that the first ayment of this money can be delayed till Congress is persuaded to cancel the law assed. To get the repeal of this law resoutions and letters of protest have been sent Congressmen, Senator Johnson, the Secetary of the Interior, and the Indian Rights Association. The meeting in Riverde on October 2 was for the purpose of Loing this business.
If the money so haphazardly expended -3 a gratuity is collected from the Mission ndians, it will be a blot against the name of the Democratic party, under whose Administration the law was passed, that it
HAT one child in every three monly called the bran. Many of these
here in America, the world's vital elements are found almost .wholly
Only in the whole wheat grain can all most unbelievable.
of them be secured.
Nature provides flavor
In Nature's larder
health and energy are We must face the facts. Every father, every moth
not separate from deer must give the subject
lightful tastes and
Thousands have found
this to be so-in Pettistalwart men and healthy Carbon Calcium Silicon
lodine john's, a whole wheat women. Are your children under the weight shown by
breakfast food of rich It is not that our chil
this standard table? If so they need and gratifying taste.
more of the 16-vital-elements food dren get too little to eat.
Served with cream and Children of the well-to-do
a little sugar, if you wish, and of the rich, Dr. Emer- Height wgt. for wgt. for Height wgt. for wgt. for it makes a vital energy
height height son says, show undeniable
Inches Pounds Pounds
ration that old and young evidence of malnutrition.
delight to eat. The condition, in most
Look at the table shown cases, is traced rather to
here. If your child is belack of food of the right
low his or her normal
75.4 74.5 kind, to an insufficient
42 41.7 41.2
79.2 78.4 weight—try Pettijohn's. supply of certain food
If the child is irritable, 47.1
91.1 91.1 49.5
96.7 nervous, pale-cheeked and 47 51.4
102.5 generally tired, don't just The sixteen elements
103.8 110.4 * Without clothes
his 63 108.0 118.0
nature." of nutrition
Those are signs of malThe figures for the younger children are taken from “ Holt's Diseases of Infancy and Child
nutrition. Give him The body requires six- hood" (1919); for heights from 39 inches on, Pettijohn's.
principally from the studies of Boas, Burk,
and weights are with indoor clothes but
ing below par, lacking attain its full develop.
Table of weights furnished by
in energy and vim — try ment and carry on its nat.
Dr. Wm. R. P. Emerson
this whole wheat health ural functions in health.
food. Many grown-ups
Each of these elements is essential to who suffer from congestion of the intestinal life; we must have them all.
tract need only its natural bran laxative to In the whole wheat grain Nature provides
set them right. the sixteen vital food elements in more Your grocer has Pettijohn's—or will gladly nearly the proper proportion than in anv get it for you. Make tomorrow's breakfast other food, save possibly milk.
of this appetizing, sixteen - vital. elements But man, in the modern methods of wheat
JAMES WEINLAND. Banning, California.
food. preparation, removes and rejects the six Made by the Quaker Oats Co., 1626 M outer layers of the wheat kernels, com- Railway Exchange Bldg., Chicago, U. S. A.
Inches Pounds Pounds
38* 39 40 41
33.2 36.3 38.1 39.8
49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56
32.7 35.7 37.4 39.2
65.8 68.9 72.0
will take long to wipe away.