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The CHILD'S MAGAZINE for Children from Three to Ten

Copyright, 1920, by The Outlook Company

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Vol. 126 November 3, 1920 No. 10

OHN MARTIN'S BOOK is the “ Voice” of childhood. Once introduced into a home, it stays there

until the little readers grow up to older magazines. It is the resource thoughtful American mothers have been seeking. More of a book than a magazine, it is carefully planned to answer the need of the active child mind. It requires no censorship, and may be relied upon to interest, companion, inspire, and instruct. Little John Martiners are normal, clean minded, interesting, patriotic little citizens. IT GIVES AND TEACHES UNERRINGLY Happiness




Good Taste







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is printed in two colors on tough stock, and is so strongly bound that it is practically indestructible. It has a gay cover and there is a picture on every page. It covers the gamut of dreams and interest, from nonsense to Bible Stories, from fairy tale to biography. IT IS NOT A LUXURY for it dresses the child mind with humor, good taste, appreciation of the finest in art and reading, wholesome wisdom, and a love of clean FUN. It feeds the child spirit with reverence, loyalty, honor, purity, high ideals and the fundamentals of character that make up the sum of a finer and happier man and womanhood. IT IS AS PERSONAL AS A LOVING AND LOYAL

FRIEND Every little subscriber receives a jolly Introduction Letter from John Martin, a charming Christmas card, and a host more surprises in endless variety. ITS PRICE PER YEAR IS $4.00


Contributors' Gallery ...

394 Governor Cox in New York City... 399 Root vs. Cox...

399 Article X and One-Man Power... 400 The Crisis in Greece...

400 Fanatic or Martyr ?...

400 Bolshevism and Britain's Problems.. 401 The Labor Crisis in England Continues 402 The Red Cross Carries On....... 402 An Engineering Venture.

402 A Round Trip to Aleska....

403 President Burton, of Michigan....... 403 Uncle Sam's Family.

104 Bankers'. Advice

404 The Skin Game.

401 The Football Season in the East and Middle West..

46 A Great Election...

465 By Lyman Abbott The Haitian Report...

406 Don't Be a Potterite...

406 Treating Men White in Akron Town 401

By Frederick M. Davenport Current Events Illustrated..

..... 412 Wanted—“Daddies” for Girl Scouts 414 Mac: The Story of a Dog of Honor. 416

By Travers D. Carman Sonnet

419 By Theodore Maynard Pictures from Outlook Readers...... 420 The Book Table : The Story of a Pioneer ....

421 By Lyman Abbott Books Received..

422 This Week's Outlook : A Weekly Out. line Study of Current History..... 424

By J. Madison Gathany
The Passing of the Hick.....

By J. C. Long
That Boston Tea Party.
Mr. Lucas and Prohibition

430 Cox and Another Deadlock.. “ Babushka".

431 The Horn and the Pedestrian. ....... 433 Immortalizing Chicago's Midway.... 433

By Robert H. Moulton The Blackfeet Indians.

434 By the Way....

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This offer expires December 31st, 1920 128 West 58th St., New York

and is for new subscribers only I am interested in your SPECIAL OFFER. Attached you will find $4.00 (Canada $1.50) for Fourteen Months' Subscription to John Martin's Book (The Child's Magazine) which please send to

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NOVEMBER 3. 1920



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clared Ireland was our business because cil shall advise upon the means by V NEW YORK CITY it was not a domestic question of Great

which this obligation shall be fulfilled. LARGE number of readers will Britain, but was a world issue. He de- Of course the second sentence does receive this issue of The Outlook fended giving Australia and Canada not remove the obligation of guaranty. after the Presidential election

and other parts of the British Empire The most recent comment on this ccurs. They may already be beginning each a vote in the League on the issue by Governor Cox on the one side

forget some of the campaign issues. ground that it was only fair that Can- and by Mr. Root and Mr. Lodge on But the campaign cannot limit the ada should have one if Ireland was en- the other is noteworthy. In his address iscussion on one issue—the League titled to one--a curious argument jus- of October 19, in New York City, Mr. | Nations and, in particular, Article tifying the existing vote of Canada by Root said : (of its charter. It is to this subject the non-existent vote of Ireland.

Article X is

a solemn and f the League that Governor Cox, He repeated his attacks on the Sena- positive agreement to guarantee and bandoning attacks on the alleged tors who supported the Lodge reserva

maintain by force of arms for all time slush fund” of the Republicans, has,

the dispositions of territory and sov

ereignty which these four men [Lloyd uring the closing days of the campaign,

George, Clemenceau, Orlando, and evoted most of his attention.

Wilson) made in 1919. · In many respects the culmination of Next week's issue of The

About the worst thing in the relatovernor Cox's campaign was reached

tions between nations is to make a New York City, where he spent

Outlook, the first to go treaty and break it. To maintain the

faith' of treaties is a prime necessity aturday, October 23, making speeches,

to press after Election Day, for the peace of the world. To manulosing with one at a great mass-meet

facture treaties that are to be scraps ig in Madison Square Garden. The will present The Outlook's of paper is fatal to the moral standards meeting was under the direction of the

through which alone peace can be pre

served. on-Partisan Citizens' Committee, the

report and interpretation Chairman of which was Nathan Straus. of the election results.

Most Senators refused to adhere to among the speakers was Rabbi Wise.

the Article which, as Mr. Root asserted, One reason for the effectiveness of

was no part of the main scheme of is speech was the informality with

the League of Nations."
Chich Governor Cox treated his audi- tions, protested against the National tinued :
ace. He spoke of the occasion as a
isolation of America that he assumed


further and assert that Article wn meeting. Much of his speech he would ensue if we did not accept the X is inconsistent with the purpose and

spirit of the League. Article X is an evoted to the League of Nations. He League, ascribed business difficulties eferred to the League as originating to our delay in joining the League, and

attempt to carry over and continue for the minds of many men here and elsesaid that his election would be a man

all time as a part of the organization to preserve peace the exercise of

power here, and claimed that it is not a Wildate for the League, inasmuch as no

by the conqueror nations in closing n League nor a British League, but a

body would vote for him except those the war. It is an alliance to enforce World League. He paid a tribute to who wished the League. In attempting

perpetually through the operations of he President as a soldier wounded in to secure the ratification of the League

the League the decisions of Mr. Wilson

and his associates in the ar as truly as any who fell in France. Covenant he would, he said, sit down

It speaks a language of power

and le declared that the League of Na

at a table with the members of the not the spirit of progress.

United States Senate and would say: ons was supported by practically all

Mr. Root declared that "if Mr. Cox ne great churches, Protestant, Catho" Gentlemen, there has been enough dis

should be elected he would be bound to c, Jewish. Then he did with the cussion, there has been enough conversa

continue the old struggle to force the ovenant of the League, to use his tion, the election has brought forth a

Senate to accept the League Covenant wn language, “just what we do with mandate. It is time for action." He

without change, which kept us out of the le old Ford when we want to become added that if elected he would lift this

League for more than a year.' amiliar with its parts"-he took it issue out of politics.

an expression of indignation, Mr. Cox part, considered its various provisions,

immediately quoted from his own reand discussed the objections to them.

peated statements to show that he was le enumerated four causes of war—the ROOT VS. COX

willing to accept reservations to the cealing of territory, the of s President Wilson says,

Covenant “that will clearly state to

our associates in the League that Conmatums—and he described the Covenant It reads :

gress and Congress alone has the right f the League as providing four cures

to declare war " and that “ The members of the League under

our Consticorrespond with these four causes. take to respect and preserve, as

tution sets up limits in legislation or Evidently aware of the interest in against external aggression, the terri- treaty-making beyond which we cannot reland among the people of Irish de

torial integrity and existing political go." But this, Mr. Root replied, “is cent in New York City, Governor Cox

independence of all members of the

League. In case of such zid particular attention to the rela

absolutely nothing.” He added :


sion, or in case of any threat or Everybody knows already that only cons of Ireland to the League. He de- danger of such aggression, the Coun- Congress has the right to declare

year 1919....



, secreto diplomacy, and Multi Apie i the heart of the League.



gress to


(C) Keystone


... You accomplish nothing by of the first rank other Greeks approach otic ideal. From the point of view of telling them of it again.

him in ability. Not so. Venizelos must The trouble about giving the guar

reason and political common sense his anty provided in Article X is that the

feel lonely as he looks upon his fellow position was untenable, but there seems making of a treaty containing it is a

Greek politicians. Alert, adroit, intelli- to be little difference of opinion that solemn assurance to all the nations gent, the Greeks are, but they have still he was actuated by a sincere, however that it is within the treaty-making to prove that they have become again greatly mistaken, belief that his course power and that the promise to make

a great people. war binds Congress as fully as it binds

of action would help to bring about the all other members of our Government

You can hardly make a republic of existence of the Irish Republic in which to maintain the plighted faith of the one man ; if you could, Venizelos might he so firmly believed.

United States. ... A refusal by Con- well be that man. He it was who re- Non-partisans in Irish matters find it

the necessary

united Crete to Greece. He it was who, difficult to have patience with the idea would simply be a breach of the Treaty.

before the first Balkan War, formed a of victory through suicide. There have Balkan Federation which successfully been, we believe, twelve men, some of

stood the test of more than one war. ARTICLE X AND ONE-MAN

them convicted of open criminal actions, POWER

Out of those conflicts Greece greatly such as the possession of bombs for in

extended her territory, and through his surrectionary purposes, some of them, ENATOR LODGE, in his address of

October 17 in New York City, guidance, out of the more recent con- like Mayor MacSwiney, charged with pointed out an additional objection to

possession of seditious documents or Article X. Not only does its moral

the making of speeches of a sedition obligation bind us to send troops and

nature. Three of these hunger strikers ships to engage in a foreign war, but

have now died after an extraordinary the consent of the United States, were

and almost unbelievable term of existit a member of the League, would

ence without food or, if some runiors be the consent of one man, not neces

are correct, with the surreptitious adsarily representative of the Nation's

ministration of a very little food. Mayor

a convictions. “How is the representa

MacSwiney died on the seventy-fourth tive of the United States on the Coun

day of his hunger strike. His adherents cil of the League to be selected ?” in

and relatives have denied positively that quired Mr. Lodge. He answered:

any food was given to him except at the Under the Covenant of the League

very end, and then when he was ancou. ... the President ... could send a

scious. representative to the Council. ... That

When we remember that previously THE LATE KING ALEXANDER OF GREECE, representative could involve us in war

other Irish prisoners had done the same under Article X. The compelling moral obligation would then apply flict, has doubled her territory. The thing and that some of these earlier and Congress would have no choice world thus knows Venizelos mostly be hunger strikers had succeeded in their except to give the formal authority. cause of his foreign policy.

object—that is, the Government took We met this difficulty by a reser- The Greeks know him even more in

what is now considered the weak course vation as follows . is or shall be authorized to represent timately because of his internal policy.

of releasing the prisoners rather than the United States .. except pur;

This has been chiefly crystallized in the pressing the matter to a conclusion-it suant to an act of Congress. framing and operation of the present

is evident that the British Government This is one of the reservations which Mr. Wilson condemned as nullifying Greek Constitution, of which he, far

had a choice between two things only: more than

other the League, and yet that reservation

is the author.

one, to continue to release prisoners is all that would stand between And yet, with all this wonderful wherever the weapon of a hunger strike this country and war brought on by record, Venizelos is not popular with

was used, which would mean practically the President and his personal agent. the aristocracy and Court set. Most of abnegation of the power of governUnder the Constitution the Conthem were loyal to King Constantine

ment; gress alone can declare war, and yet

the other, to refuse to release under the League the President during the war. Plottings to bring them under threat of suicide, and thus would have power to involve the about the King's return seem to go on

maintain the law. country in war before Congress could unceasingly, if we may believe the re- It is hard, however, to see the wisdom act.

ports from France, Italy, Switzerland, in the policy of the British Government and Greece. The present monarchical

in granting these prisoners both martyr. crisis reinforces the plotters' energy.

dom and publicity. Forcible feeding THE CRISIS IN GREECE

Yet the world is looking with skeptical would have prevented the one, and the HERE has been a sudden turn of

eyes at any attempt to restore Con- restriction of the constant interviews stantine. The world admires Venizelos.

with relatives would have prevented King Alexander, as the result of poiFor centuries the Greeks have been glad

the other. soning from the bite of a monkey, has of the good opinion of others. They

Meanwhile, instances of violence and died. will be in danger of sacrificing it if they

bloodshed continue to abound in Ire There are difficulties in the succes- do not show that they value their great land. If there is any general movement sion by his younger brother, Paul, a statesman in this crisis.

within the Irish factions which are so lad of nineteen and a possible reac

bitterly opposed to one another, it is tionary. Hence many observers have

not apparent on the face of things. The been speculating on the chances of suc- FANATIC OR MARTYR?

Government is still hopeful that its new

HETHER one regards Terence Home Rule Bill will afford a means of a republic there would encounter.

compromise, but this hopefulness does We may think that because Greece martyr, it is at least true that he

gave not seem to be shared widely by the bas furnished to the world a statesman his life for what he regarded as a patri- press or people. It is easy to suggest


** No person


cess or failure which the establishment W"Maeswiney as a fanatic or as a


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ington and new plans are made for pushing the different forms of human service.

The reports made in this connection are decidedly interesting. There ba been a call for service in no less than seventy-three disasters in this country Tornadoes, cyclones, cloudbursts, earth quakes, fires, floods, shipwrecks, au other forms of distress are included The largest disaster of the year recorded was at Corpus Christi, Texas, when four hundred people were killed and four thousand made homeless. When the explosion in Wall Street occurred. the Red Cross did astonishingly quick work in getting to the spot a large number of doctors, nurses, and work ers. Always in case of disaster the Red Cross is prepared with material, mones, and men and women to bring quick and efficient relief.

One of the chief lines of extension of Keystone View Co.


been its Health Service; at this time theoretical compromises, but the senti- first place, its war work is not through.

over thirty-six thousand nurses are on ment in the south against self-govern. During its last fiscal year it spent fifty

the Red Cross rolls. The education of ment separately for the two sections of million dollars in closing up and con

the people as to health and as to what the country, and in the north against solidating its relief work in Europe, so ,

should be done in preserving and restorsubmitting to government by the ma- far as that was possible. Yet it has ing health conditions is invaluable and jority in the south of Ireland—to say continued its

overseas activities in is continually increasing. nothing of the demand of the Sinn Poland, Serbia, Vienna, Constantino- One of the most active and enthusiFeiners for absolute independence- ple, and several other countries

astic of Red Cross officials in a letter makes any immediate solution difficult. cities. Just as an example of what the

to The Outlook sums up the answer relief work has been, it may be stated

to the questions asked above by sasthat on closing the Red Cross relief ing: THE LABOR CRISIS IN work in France and Belgium supplies

“ The peace programme of the Red ENGLAND CONTINUES were furnished to nearly four thousand

Cross for its own country is to do for HE first week of the coal miners' strike in Great Britain

villages and over three million people America exactly the sort of work in was one of

were benefited by gifts or sales of ma- public health that we have done for the negotiations for a compromise settlement. The railway employees with some

terial, while hundreds of co-operative peoples of Europe. We must recognize stores started by the Red Cross are

that we have our own backwoods, reluctance voted to support the coal

still being operated by the French own native population in inaccessible miners'strike, provided that the British and Belgians.

districts, who need education in hygiene Government did not propose reason

Since last January the amount of

as much as any of the women, men, able terms of settlement, and, as such

relief work done in helping under- children in Europe. This is the best negotiations seem to be going on, the nourished children, in clothing needy

kind of Americanism to practice." railway unions and the transport unions, people by the scores of thousands, and

Through sympathy, membership

, and which, together with the miners' unions,

in furnishing medical treatment, care, support the American people will cermake up the “Triple Alliance," have

and food to refugees has been contin- tainly continue to evince their profound abstained from action.

ued, and on a very large scale. It must faith in their National human instituThe proposals which are said to be

always be remembered, too, that one of offered by the Government would, it

tion, the American Red Cross. the foundations of Red Cross relief is believed, temporarily grant the two

work is to encourage and make posshillings a day advance demanded by sible local self-help. This, like every

AN ENGINEERING VENTURE the miners, while a permanent wage

AST month the States of Nem board could be created to take up the thing else the Red Cross does, is prie York and New Jersey began a whole subject for settlement.

marily educational. The opinion in Great Britain seems

On November 11 begins the annual venture in engineering which will call

Roll-Call of the Red Cross. This is to be about evenly divided as to whether

for all the resources of that science to these negotiations will end in a dead- not, as some people suppose, an out- complete successfully. On October 12 lock or in an agreement. growth of the war. The Roll-Call was ground was

broken for a vehicular an established institution before the tunnel under the Hudson River. It is

war. It is primarily for the continu- true that tunnels under the Hudson THE RED CROSS CARRIES ON

ance and increase of membership. Nat- River have existed for a number of HAT is the Red Cross doing, now urally, the time is suitable for a round- years, but the vehicular project presenti

that its war work is through? is up of Red Cross activities. A Natinal difficulties which did not exist in the a question often asked. Well, in the Red Cross Convention is held in Wash- cases of the railway tunnels of the






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