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Outubromh folie chemical plane ret doghood) will be able to entertain their

Pennsylvania or the other tunnels deoted to local electric traffic.

Provision must be made in the case of the vehicular tunnel for a most laborate system of ventilation. Since Lliis tunnel will be used largely by motor trucks, the need for perfect venilation will be easily realized. As is well known, the fumes from the exhaust of automobiles contain carbon monoxide, a deadly gas which even in small quantities is very injurious. The engineers responsible for the plans of the tunnel believe that they have solved the problem of ventilation involved in its operation. It is said that the plans provide for a complete change of tunnel air thirty-two times each hour.

If the tunnel is successful, it will do much to relieve the traffic congestion at the ferries on the lower part of Manhattan Island.

(C) Keystulle View Cu.


Left to right: Sergeant J. E. Long; Lieutenant C. C. Natt; Captain St. Clair Street; Captain July 15 four army airplanes

Howard T. Douglas ; Lieutenant Eric Nelson ; Lieutenant Crumrine

the publicly maintained university, a ola, on Long Island, for a venturesome grand-puppies with strange tales of ad- special place belongs to the University expedition to Nome, Alaska. The four venture. Or will flying be so com- of Michigan. Four years after the State planes reached their destination suc- monplace then that their

grand-puppies of Michigan adopted its Constitution cessfully. Three of them left Nome to will be bored to death by their stories? the University was opened for students return to Mitchel Field on August 25, The success of the expedition was with an endowment derived from the and the fourth started August 31. All furthered by an advance party which sale of the lands granted to it by Confour reached Mineola on October 20. prepared landing-fields for the aviators gress. Since that time it has had a The actual flying time of each leg of the where none existed, and by the co- distinguished history, and for nearly journey was fifty-six bours.

operation afforded by the Canadian forty years (1871-1909) it profited by As will be seen from the accompany- Government. It is said that at one the presidency of one of America's ing photograph, the aviators did not landing-place the sight of the aviators famous educational leaders, Dr. James come back empty-handed, for they coming out of the sky broke up an en- Burrill Angell. For the next ten years brought with them some Alaskan pup- campment of Indians. One Indian who the president was Harry Burns Hutchpies which (when they have grown to had the courage to return before the ins. And now his successor has recently

aviators' departure remarked that the been inaugurated, Dr. Marion Le Roy
white men were pretty smart, but damn Burton.
fools." On another occasion a plane In his inaugural address, delivered
landed near a black bear. Bear steak

on October 14, Dr. Burton indicated graced the aviators' board that night. his conception of the special function

The expedition did much valuable of the State university as exemplified pioneering; for example, in the photo by the University of Michigan. He graphic mapping of uncharted regions. frankly recognized in that address the

limitations of the academic mind ”PRESIDENT BURTON

that it is aloof, that it occasions the OF MICHIGAN

lack of a general sense of humor, that MONG the most important institu- it is uninspiring in the classroom, that

tions of learning in the world are it creates an atmosphere of unreality. the great American State universities. In spite of its defects, however, he exThey constitute an element in education pressed his sense of its value and as distinctive in its way as the Ameri- stated that he should not want to be can public school system. Indeed, these the president of any university which universities are intimately connected did not suffer from this disease in with that system, and have done more chronic form.” He explained this by than anything else to prove that public adding, “ It makes for stability, for

, education in a democracy is not merely sound weighing of evidence, for scien

a device for training the citizen, but tific scholarship, for the absence of BREAKING GROUND FOR THE VEHICULAR

is also a means for preserving for the sentimentalism, and for a frank recogTUNNEL BETWEEN NEW YORK CITY AND benefit of the whole community the nition of the power of the mind." In Lieutenant-Governor Walker, of New York, at the fruits of scholarship.

substance his exposition of the function left; Governor Edwards, of New Jersey, with spade As a leader in this function of of the State university was to apply

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Paul Thompson


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Randall, Ann Arbor, Michigan


been announced. It shows that Uncle for the businesslike administration of
Sam now has more than one hundred Government finances.
and five million nephews and nieces
within the borders of the continental
United States. His family has grown

nearly fourteen million since 1910. HF "he New York - Tribune," saya

EYWOOD , dramatic critic There are probably some twelve million people living under the American flag that Galsworthy's new play, “The Skin outside the continental United States. Game,” is an allegory of the Great

The percentage of increase for the War. He confesses that he did not last decade fell six and one-tenth per

arrive at this conclusion by his own cent below that of the preceding decade. observation, but that some kind person The director of the Census Bureau at- in England gave him the key. tributes this reduction to the almost We suspect that without reading complete stoppage of immigration dur- Mr. Broun's criticism we would have ing the war, an increase of emigration failed to discover the hidden meaning, during the same period, deaths from but we doubt very much whether we influenza, and war casualties.

would have enjoyed the play any the The most significant item in the

less on that account. It is an extraorMARION LE ROY BURTON, THE NEW PRESIDENT

Census Report shows that the trend of dinary drama which Mr. Galsworthy

population from the country to the city has evolved from the ancient conflict this academic mind, freed from its has been greatly accentuated since 1910. between the “haves” and the “hope aloofness, to the problems of the pres

For the first time in the country's his- to-haves” and between those whose posient and future of America, to harness tory more than half its population is

tion is assured and those whose chief it to the task of developing in America living in urban territory. Urban terri- guaranty of success is their own assurthe spirit of unity, of welding divergent tory is defined as consisting of incor- ance. It is social warfare between static elements into a whole, of directing porated communities of more than and dynamic, the immovable mass and thought to the opportunities of Ameri- twenty-five hundred inhabitants.

the irresistible force. can life, of interpreting America and The Census statement also shows

Galsworthy pictures an English the spirit and interests of its people. that the annual excess of births over county family, a family which has occuHe has evidently no fear that the deaths throughout the United States is pied the home in which its descendants university by this task will lose its approximately one per cent. It is

now dwell from the age of Queen Elizlove for learning, but, on the contrary, roughly estimated that the increase due beth. He brings into their lives a dybelieves that it will find its love of to excess of births over deaths in the namic personality in the shape of a learning stimulated by the application families of foreign-born is approxi- grasping, overreaching maker of pottery of its resources to the problems of the mately ten per cent.

whose will-to-succeed knows the restraint common life and by permeating the

of neither honor nor convention. The State with knowledge. The experience

potter buys a neighboring farm, guarBANKERS' ADVICE of students and instructors alike in the

anteeing with his word to protect the war, he pointed out, had developed a

NDER the presidency of Richard old tenants in their leases. He finds sense of the value of learning as some

S. Hawes, of St. Louis, ex-Presi- that he needs their cottages for his thing to be sought by the student and

dent of the Chamber of Commerce of workmen and promptly ousts the tenas a possession of the scholar which that city, the American Bankers' Asso

ants. The county family and the ambiwas valued by the world. ciation has just held its annual session.

tious potter lock horns on the issue. President Burton brings to his new Some of its resolutions should interest

Facing the unscrupulous opposition of post experience as President of Smith

the newcomer, the old family stoops at College and as President of the Uni

First of all, it approves the operaversity of Minnesota. Before he had

tions of the Federal Reserve system; finished his preparation for Carleton

but disapproves suggestions to utilize College, while yet a boy, he had busi

the Reserve banks' resources to hold up ness experience, which has stood him or force down prices against the law in good stead as an administrator; and

of supply and demand. his experience as a minister in a Brook- • It notes that, despite price inflation lyn parish and as a teacher in the Yale

and unusual demands upon the banks Divinity School has given him a philo

for credit, money, as a commodity, has sophical grasp of educational problems. increased proportionately but little in The position to which he has come is

its cost to the consumer. one in which a man can render a very

It emphasizes the fact that only by distinctive service for American educa practicing thrift is our future assured. tion ; and Dr. Burton comes to it with

It calls attention (to the necessity of special equipment.

relieving the housing situation, asks
for the immediate repeal of the excess

profits tax and the revision of the surUNCLE SAM'S FAMILY

tax system, and condemns as a fallacy VERY ten years Uncle Sam takes a the so-called nationalization of industry.

It also emphasizes the necessity of ures for the 1920 Census have recently an intelligently devised budget system JOSEPHINE VICTOR IN "THE SKIN GAME"



every reader.

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ength to cruel blackmail. The potter's amily is broken up, his daughter-in-law

, whose past has afforded the county amily with the weapon for their attack) ttempts suicide. The ousted tenants re forgotten by both sides to the conroversy. The curtain descends with he head of the old county family say. ng in bitterness: “ What is gentility if t cannot stand fire ?”

In characterization and acting the lay is one of the very notable producions of this season.

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HE football season is half over. In

the East it leaves Harvard, Prince-on, West Point, Brown, Georgetown, Boston College (which again defeated rivals without suffering a defeat. Wis- conference unless there is an interna. Yale), the Virginia Military Institute, consin, Northwestern, and Indiana have tional army to maintain its authority. Pennsylvania State College, and Cor- each won one game and lost one game. The fact that, as our columns have nell untied and undefeated. Not a

shown, the college presidents of the single eleven in the East has come to mid-season unscored upon. The Uni


country are divided on this issue in

about the ratio of six for a military alliversity of Pennsylvania and Harvard THIS article will appear in The ance to eight for an alliance of law both came through without being Outlook of November 3, the day maintained by public opinion, and that scored upon for four games. In its fifth after the election. It will be on an appreciable number were two weeks game Pennsylvania suffered a 27-7 the

press a few days before the election. ago still uncertain, sufficiently indicates Refeat at the hands of the Virginia I am not a prophet, and have no better how perplexing this problem has proved Military Institute, and Harvard's goal

means for guessing who will be elected to the American people. Line was twice crossed for touchdowns by

than any of the readers of these lines. But they have not been indifferent. Centre College, of Danville, Kentucky. But, whoever is elected, I unhesi- They have thronged to the public meet

The Harvard-Centre game has so far tatingly call it "a great election.” ings. They have bought and read the been the most dramatic contest to be Some of my friends, some of our read- newspapers. And the newspapers have neld in the East this season. Centre ers, are depressed by it. I am exhila- been devoted to politics; and politics College, with less than three hundred

rated. It seems to me to bear a splendid has been largely devoted to the League. students, about sixteen hundred gradu-' witness to the poise, the sanity, the The platform discussions have not alates, and a single coach who has had at self-restraint of the American people. ways been parliamentary. They have times to vary the routine of coaching I regard it as an issue between a been occasionally vulgarly vituperative; by cutting the grass on the football pacific league of law and a military they have often been lacking in courfield and repairing the uniforms of his league of arms. I have just read the tesy. The press has always been enterteam, was pitted against the highly words of Stéphane Lauzanne, the prising; but it has often misinterpreted organized Harvard coaching system editor-in-chief of “Le Matin," of Paris, and occasionally misrepresented an opand the unlimited resources of that in the October “North American Re- ponent. But there have been no rows; great University. Outweighed and view :" “Although the written com- the fighting has all been with the tongue, handicapped by playing in strange ter- pact which was promised to us at Ver- not with the fist. It has all been on the ritory before a crowd of more than

sailles had for its end to guarantee platforms, none of it in the audience. forty thousand, Centre nevertheless France against the horrors she had The people have kept a level head. put up a game and sportsmanlike fight suffered, we will renounce it gladly.

suffered, we will renounce it gladly. Orators have appealed to the passions. which will long be remembered at Cam- The covenant of the American con- “Will you dishonor your country for bridge. Centre was at one time in the science will suffice us.” I have great sordid self-interest ?” this on the one

lead. The score of the first half ended faith in the pacific power of an American hand. “Will you send your boys across 14-14. Only in the second half did conscience inspiring an international the sea to die for struggles you know Harvard succeed in assuring itself of conscience. I have small faith in the nothing about ?” this on the other. But the victory by a score of 31-14, but pacific power of a military alliance the passions have not responded—the even then Centre, led by the brilliant which America joins and to which she people have been thinking, thinking, Captain McMillin at quarter, forced with reservations pledges her armies. thinking. The election will be decided the fight until the final whistle. We But it is very evident that not a few by the thoughts, not by the emotions, of do not recall so equal and stirring a Americans as intelligent, as catholic, as the people. contest between such unequal forces in international in their sympathies as There is something wonderfully inyears.

any advocates of Mr. Harding's elec- spiring in such a spectacle. Thirty-five In the Middle West three teams of tion hold a different opinion. They or forty million voters, of different the conference are tied for the lead, have great faith in a military alliance; nationalities, faiths, races, and of both Illinois, Ohio State, and Chicago each they have little faith in the value of an sexes, resolving themselves into a "comhaving won two games from conference international court and an international mittee of the whole," giving, not the





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largest part of their time, but the best the somewhat tardily appointed Board Are. There are infinite varieties of the part of their thought, to a problem of Inquiry, headed by Admiral Mayo.

of Inquiry, headed by Admiral Mayo. tribe of Potterites, but they all adhere which is both National and inter- We have confidence that this Board

to the commonplace, distrust anything national, and the world looking on to will not whitewash the offenders.

that endangers old traditions, abhor see what their decision is to be.

The report, however, indicates a

progressiveness, love to glide through The effect of such an election on problem very much beyond the scope life smoothly, avoid thinkers and thinkhuman character it is impossible to over- of a military inquiry. It is a problem ing. You can't fight a Potterite, he is estimate. It has enlarged our knowl- of policy and of administration which too placid; you can't sting him with edge. The plain man who has never goes over the heads of the Marine and

ridicule, he is impervious. No Potterite traveled beyond the boundaries of his Naval officers in Haiti to the Govern- has a sense of humor. own country, perhaps never beyond the ment at Washington itself. If the In the novel the leading exponents boundaries of his own State, may know Marine and Naval authorities in Haiti of this anti-social, anti-spiritual deadmore to-day of European geography have pursued a mistaken policy in their ness are Mr. and Mrs. Potter, the first than some tourists who have spent a efforts to pacify the black republic, the the head of a group of popular periodisummer abroad. It has broadened our final responsibility is not theirs, but cals, the second the author of commonsympathies. Never again shall we think belongs to the civil authorities of our place, aimless novels. By a league of that a great European war does not Government.

people formed to fight the idea of Potconcern us. It has enlarged our horizon. This larger problem may prove to be terism the two are taken to typify its We are both more National and more one which cannot reach final settlement spirit. Oddly enough, twin Potter chilinternational, more American and more or even satisfactory exposition until the dren, Jane and Johnny, are ardent cosmopolitan, because of this election. incoming of a new Administration. The Anti-Potterites. “Our family," they We have a new pride in our home land problem is important enough in its re- say, “is responsible for more than its and a new ambition for her. We read lation to American tradition and the share of the beastly thing; the least we with a thrill Stéphane Lauzanne's decla- establishment of mutual trust and good can do is to down it.” And one of the ration that “ America is the justest will throughout our hemisphere to war- cleverest touches in the book is the fact nation in the world;" we believe that rant investigation by a commission of that in the end both Johnny and Jane, he speaks for France; and we wish to the first rank. Men of experience in despite their early fierceness, do de make his words good. Doubtless we dealing with problems relating to out- velop certain distinctly Potterish traits. shall go back again when the election is lying island territories ought to be se- With others, the Potter twins go on over into something of our old provin- lected for such a commission. America a tour of investigation of the causes cialism, but never so far back as when has developed in the past twenty years and cure of Potterism, and collect Charles Dickens wrote his “ American a group of such men, among whom illustrative cases. Thus a landlady dis Notes" and his " Martin Chuzzlewit." might be named William H. Taft, approves of a clergyman who fishes on

Yes! whoever is elected, this has been Cameron Forbes, Dean C. Worcester, Sunday. This might have been" merely
a great election.
LYMAN ABBOTT. Regis H. Post, Franklin K. Lane, Luke respectable bigotry,” but, as they knew

E. Wright, Lindley M. Garrison, and she had no conscientious scruples about
Major-General Leonard Wood.

anything, it was actually "propriety and THE HAITIAN REPORT In a later issue we shall have more cant, in brief, Potterism.” On the other

to say concerning the history of the hand, Gideon, a Russian Jew whose JHROUGH the courtesy of the American occupation of Haiti and Santo father called himself Sidney instead of

Navy Department, The Outlook Domingo and the problems which such Gideon (a purely Potterish thing to do), has now received the full report a commission would face.

declared that Potterism did not exist in on the Haitian situation, which was

Russia—“ The Russians were without discussed briefly in last week's issue.

shame and without cant, saw things as This report, as a whole, conveys a DON'T BE A POTTERITE they were, and proceeded to make them different impression from that given by

worse. That was barbarity, imbecility, the excerpts from it which were pub

HAT is Potterism? The word and devilishness, but it was not Potterlished in the daily press. It confirms

is new but the thing is old. ism.” As for religion—“ The Potterites our conjecture that the headlines which

Thackeray, caustically in " The have taken Christianity and watered it

“ the daily papers published over the ex- Newcomes,” good-naturedly in his down to suit themselves, till they're cerpts from this report were sensational “Roundabout Papers,” held up to view produced a form of Potterism which and misleading

the Potterites of his day in contempt they call by its name; but they wouklu't Briefly, the report is an official his- and in tolerant amusement. Samuel know the real thing if they saw it;.; tory of the American occupation of the Butler, he of the “Note Books" and the Pharisees were Potterites.” On the Haitian Republic as recorded largely “Erewhon," might well have been a intellectual side Potterism is "11COin official despatches. It is a record high priest of the Anti-Potterites, for

high priest of the Anti-Potterites, for herent, muddled emotion that passes which contains much of heroism and he loathed smugness, humbug, and for thought." much of which America may be proud. cheap sentimentalism-and of such is But if the reader wants to know the It indicates that the Marines in Haiti the essence of Potterism.

limits of Potterism in all its smug, have in the majority of instances con- In a dryly satirical novel called passive resistance against advances ducted themselves with marked credit. “Potterism” (Boni & Liveright, New taste or thought or human etfort, he In the main their failures have been York)—and, by the way, it is a novel will do well to read Miss Macaulay's failures of judgment, not of purpose. and not a disquisition in disguise -- Miss excellent story entire. It is a notable Instances of individual depravity, law- Rose Macaulay pictures the perfect piece of work, clear cut and crisp in lessness, and tyranny (and there un- Potterite in all his self-complacency, manner, sharp in character depiction, doubtedly have been serious cases of his devotion to Mrs. Grundy, and his and not without dramatic situations. this kind) now await the judgment of adoration of the God of Things as they Read, reflect, and don't be a Potterite





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KRON, Ohio, is the center of Orders have therefore fallen off to an and the Middle West, from the far the rubber industry in the United unheard-of degree, and the great motor South, from Alabama, from Mississippi

States. There is no reason for it town of Detroit and the great rubber as well as from Tennessee and West cept that old Dr. Goodrich, who town of Akron are feeling the first Virginia. Great numbers of these

young homed the secret of vulcanizing raw pinch that may precede a world-wide men were unused to inside factory ber, happened to live in Akron. return to more stable equilibrium of monotony, unacquainted with factory t in time of full production close wages and prices and standards of liv- precision and methods, restive under

one hundred thousand employees ing. Thirty-five thousand workers have the give and take of association with v produce tires and tubes and all been laid off, and great numbers of factory comrades, heartsick for friends ms of rubber utilities in factories them have left Akron in the last three and relatives, and when a reasonable uny, great and small, some of which months. It is far from being altogether money surplus was quickly accumulated, e marvels of light and air and com- an evil. In Akron, for example, it is many have gone back home periodically t and economical machine organiza- said to be sifting out of the great rubber to see the folks and expend the excess n. The three great names are the organizations a very considerable per- profits. restone, the Goodrich, and the Good- centage of undesirable and inefficient

One of the chief factory managers ar. The Miller and the Mohawk rep- floaters among the workers, and is turn- told me his experience in hiring new ent a smaller group which by them- ing the mind of the management toward workers at the peak of need. He said : ves in a lesser environment would be further improvement of process and “Out of seven men, we will say:

I ekoned vast enterprises, but which in lessening of the cost of production in- would lose two in the first forty-eight Eron are content to keep step more or stead of toward demand and sales and hours. These men were thin-skinned, s firmly with the great trio, the value feverish extension of manufacture. strangers, who couldn't stand the goodwhose annual production in each case Nearly all great producers in America natured kidding of their fellow-workers is towards one hundred millions of have been on a joy-ride during the last about the color of their hair or the lars, and whose workers range in few years, and the day of sobriety and cut of their clothes. They hadn't mber from seventeen thousand to reckoning is on the way.

the stamina to stick. We give every enty-eight thousand in each plant. In an industry in which, on the new man special instruction for six Akron has growi so rapidly in the whole, the management has shown such days. At the end of that time his t few years that, although it lies in capacity to read the signs of the times teacher has to back more or less away - heart of the Middle West, it bears in the matter of a modern sympathetic from him in order to pay some attenme earmarks of a hurriedly set up and human treatment of the workers, it tion to somebody else who has come in ning camp—the excess of men, the is astonishing to find the vast extent of meantime. And at this point two more ponderance of young men, the surg- the labor turnover in Akron. The de- men of the seven would

thin-skinneil crowds in the streets, the plants in mand for rubber products in the last ducks who hadn't followed the instruceration when times are good in three few years has so grown by leaps and tion or grasped the operation, and felt fts of eight hours each, except on bounds, and the need for workers at lost when the teacher let up on bis atnday. This great rubber town is just any cost has been so great, that man- tention a bit ; a letter comes from home, V subject to its first economic jar. agement has gone out into the byways or the room and board aren't just what Le Federal Reserve banks seem to and hedges, into the mountain States they should be, whereupon these drop we decreed a deflation of credit in the of the South, in every direction where out. Then we have three left of the Comobile industry. At least automo- the normally intelligent common laborer seven, and if we can hold two of these e dealers all over the United States might be secured. The very high wages oter a period of seven months and carry 1 it suddenly impossible to obtain have attracted large numbers of young tlie third on indefinitely we think we - usual loans in advance of sales. men from the farms of Pennsylvania are doing well.” Of course this was at


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