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THIS WEEK'S OUTLOOK
BY J. MADISON GATHANY
SCARBOROUGH SCHOOL, SCARBOROUGH-ON-HUDSON, N. Y.
granting self-government to Ireland ?
Was, or was not, the British Govern-
show have taken place in indus- until he died ? What reasons have you for
death of MacSwiney can be viewed in no changes?
other light than that of murder committed What is the attitude of Socialists gen- by the British Government. Should it be erally toward measures such as those de- thus viewed, or should it be viewed as a scribed by Mr. Davenport in this article ? self-inflicted death? What is your comment on the Socialist It is reported that our State Department position in this matter?
has been requested by the American ComDo you consider the gradual disappear- mission on Irish Independence to grant a ance of the individual personal element in hearing on MacSwiney's death, with the industry and the coming together of work- object of securing an official Government men in large groups a fortunate or an protest in the name of humanity. Should fortunate factor in modern industrial life? our Government make such a protest? What are the future possibilities of this What is a fanatic ? Was MacSwiney a change?
fanatic? Should he be regarded as a marDo you understand how a day's pay in tyr? Do you think his death will aid the a modern industrial plant is determined ? cause of Irish independence much? Who should be judge of what a day's pay Does history show that causes have been ought to be? If you were an employer, greatly aided by martyrdom? Can you how would
prove your answer? employees ou determine what to pay your ?
Explain meaning of sense, Is an employer a public benefactor be
, cause he provides work ?
tion, Sinn . How many ways of eliminating ill will between employer and employee can you The Crisis in Greece suggest? To the working people whom you
refers to present know are
inducements held out that naturally lead them to take an interest in
it? How did it come about? Why regard what they are doing? How essential is it the present disturbance in Greece as a that such an interest be established ? For crisis ? whom essential ?
How much do
know about the pubEvidently the concerns whose business
lic record of Venizelos ? is described by Mr. Davenport are
Are there sufficient reasons for counting deavoring to inculcate the spirit of thrift
the foremost of living states-
Is Greece a democratic country? Is her and a National asset ?
Constitution democratic? Can you prove What, in your opinion, is the social value
your answer? of the efforts described in this article ?
It is said that Greece is naturally a deWhat is the meaning of: Projects, mocracy. Who was the King of Greece malinger, efficacy, intricacies, illiterate,
in recent times who knew how to preserve litigation, paraphernalia ?
his kingly dignity and at the same time If you have not done so yet, you ought
live and act in a democratic manner ? to read “Unemployment," edited by J. E. What contributions has Athens made to Johnson (H. W Wilson Co.); “Humaniz
civilization ? ing Industry,” by R. C. Feld (Dutton); Was St. Paul justified in saying what “Open Versus Closed Shop," by E. C.
he said about the Greeks? Where and Robbins (H. W. Wilson); “Man to Man,"
under what conditions did he deliver this by John Leitch (B. C. Forbes Co.). speech?
Here are some books of special interest
in connection with this topic: “ EleutheFanatic or Martyr?
rios Venizelos, His Life and Work,” by The Outlook says that “ from the point
C. Kerefilos (Dutton); “ Venizelos," by of view of reason and political common
Richard Boardman (the DeVinne Press); sense his [MacSwiney's] position was
“ Constantine the First and the Greek untenable.” What are your reasons for
People,” by Paxton Hibben (Century). agreeing or disagreeing with The Outlook ? The Outlook speaks of the new Home
A Great Election Rule Bill which the British Government
Dr. Abbott gives us on another hopes will afford a means of compromise
page of in settling the Irish problem. What are
this issue his opinion of the Presidential
election. What is your opinion of it? the provisions of this bill?
Does it stand out in sharp. contrast to Has Great Britain gone as far as she
the elections of 1896 and 1916 ? What reai These questions and comments are designed not
Would you suggest any changes in conand for suggestions to any reader who desires to study current affairs as well as to read about them. ducting our Presidential campaign? If so, -THE EDITORS.
give reasons for the changes you suggest.
show their superioreriminele metiones, surreptitions, abnega ity of design in their
simplicity of conmonarchical crisis". ein Greece. What is struction.
This kind of simplicity is the result of
study and experiment. It not only means handsomer appearand
greater cleanliness, but greatly increased strength, rigidity and durability.
We also make Steel Racks, Bins and
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PROGRESS Believing that the advance of business is a subject of vital interest and importance, The Outlook will present under the above heading frequent discussions of subjects of industrial and commercial interest. This department will include paragraphs of timely interest and articles of educational value dealing with the industrial upbuilding of the Nation.
Comment and suggestions are invited.
One of the fifty small fc-elrick houses shown in The Home of Beauty":
THE PASSING OF THE
BY J. C. LONG
sun, but, at any rate, some of the old
things are gone. Along with the burial of John Barleycorn and the collapse of Deutschland über Alles, the world has witnessed the passing of the hick.
The straw between the teeth, the “by heck” vocabulary, and the vibrant chin whiskers survive only in the newspaper cartoons. There may still be provincials, there may
be gold-brick buyers, as in days gone by, but these are more likely to be found over on Third Avenue and behind the notion counter than down on the farm.
The farmer of to-day affords the best clothes, subscribes to the foremost magazines, comes into town to see the latest show, knows more about the League of Nations than does the State Department, and snaps his fingers at the erstwhile waxmustached villain who used to hold the fatal mortgage.
What has brought about this change? Some it has been the work of the county improvement leagues. Right. Some call it the influence of the extension of the State universities. Correct. Some give the credit to the development of the telephone and the telegraph. True enough. All these causes have been contributory, but the means whereby they have been able to contribute so largely has been the multiplying use of the automobile.
Civilization follows the line of communication. The development of the railways carried education, culture, and prosperity to al sections of the Nation-at given points. The United States became dotted with centers of population which enjoyed all the privileges and perquisites of a modern age. But the farmer who lived at any distance from the railway station remained without these advantages because of lack of transportation.
A National association (National Automobile Chamber of Commerce) recently sent out question cards to thousands of car users in all parts of the Union asking how the owner used his motor vehicle, what it meant in the terms of business, increased productivity, social conditions, and recreation. To most of the owners the passenger car has meant added wellbeing in one form or another, but the answers from the farmers led every other class in the multiplicity of the social contacts and opportunities resulting from the coming of the automobile.
Some idea of the variety of uses for a car on the farm is suggested in this reply from one owner :
“ Car is used to carry some of smaller live stock and products from farm, cow and pig feed, church and social calls, movies, as a tender for tractors, to carry water to stock in dry time, funerals, etc.”
Or from another rural owner: “ Enables
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not get real satisfaction in building his home, unless he combines the artistic with the durable. Face Brick, in its wide range of color tones and textures, and in the artistic effects possible through the architect's handling of bonds and mortar joints, offers an appeal to the most diverse tastes. Besides, there is the solid satisfaction of knowing that for structural strength, fire-safety, and economy in the long run no other material surpasses Face Brick. . Even if you are not ready to build now, now is the time to think the matter over and formulate your plans. “The Story of Brick" will help you at a decision.
The best Captain employs a skilful pilot THE
THE deep sea captain takes on a pilot to guide him
through New York Harbor. Likewise the careful investor seeks experienced guidance in choosing the best channel for the investment of his funds.
The National City Company is in constant touch with the whole investment field through its investigating departments. The concrete results are assembled in a monthly purchase sheet which lists only such investment securities as the Company decides to purchase and to recommend.
This list may be had at any one of our 50 offices in leading cities, or will be mailed direct to you on request for Z-146.
HUNTHUNGTIMITAMIL ITUNNI MITHILIUITHIS யாமாமாராரா HINாமாயா ATLE பாப்யாமா THINAITHUANTITATUITHIHIN
THE NATION'S INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS
(Continued) family to attend lectures, etc., in city eight miles distant. Can do in one-half hour what it takes three to four hours to do with horse."
A third writes : “ If it was not for the car, we could not have any social life to speak of.”
Whatever idiosyncrasies the old-time farmer may have liad, he compensated for them by his industry and his Yankee shrewdness. This latter quality madle him quick to recognize that the automobile was not a wooden nutmeg, but an article which would prove of substantial use in addition to furnishing pleasure.
Accordingly the great growth of the motor-vehicle industry in the past ten years has been based on the solid foundation of farmer demand. It has been estimated that at least a third of the passenger cars in the Nation are owned by farmers. Cars are thickest in farming areas. The eight States which have the greatest density of cars in relation to population are California, Iowa, Nebraska, South Dakota, Kansas, Montana, Minnesota, Wyoming.
California includes, to be a sure, a large amount of tourist travel, but her large fruit-growing areas form the basis for hier pre-eminence in passenger-car demand. In Montana and Wyoming the heavy use of cars in relation to population can be accounted for by the great distances and the efficiency of the motor car in ranching. Io wa has been in the front rank for years
a large owner of cars in relation to population, and as a State showing heavy increases in registration.
The largest gross gain in car registrations during the past year was fairly well divided between the semi-industrial and entirely farming States. New York, Ohio, Illinois, and Pennsylvania lead in the number of additional cars registereil
. These States, though possessing large cities, have extensive farming areas which are a dominant factor in their car-buying power. Although New York City has about half the population of the State, it uses only thirty-five per cent of the passenger cars. The fiftli, sixth, and seventh States to show the largest increases in registration were Iowa, Texas, anc: California.
The most recent part of the country to be changed by the coming of the automobile has been the cotton States area. South of the Mason and Dixon line the stubborn blue mule has occupied the place of the old gray mare. The black farm hand did not desire anything faster than animal power, and his employer was inclined to put up with conditions as they were. But the World War changed all that
. Mr. Crowder took Rastus and the quartermaster-general bought Maud. The best driving horses were needed for the cavalry, and the South found itself without labor and without transportation. Fortunately, the high price of cotton, the de mand for the products of the mills, and the location of many of the camps in the South provided capital.
Much of this capital has been invested in cars, so that the labor and transportation prollem was met.
The greater percentage of increase in car registration last year was in the Southern States, though some of the Northern States because of their heavier population shower a larger gross increase, as noted above. North Carolina led the Union by showing a gain of fifty-one per cent in automobile
Facts for CAREFUL INVESTORS
securities from a broad range
How 10,000 miles of National formation on the following
City Company's private wires subjects, will be sent gladly keep our offices in leading
investment centers of the on request :
country in constant touch with Why we handle only carefully our New York headquarters.
investigated investment curities.
Your advantage in dealing with
a Company, whose representThe wisdom of purchasing se- atives talk with an average
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gistrations over the preceding year. uth Carolina had forty-one per cent ore cars than ever before. Kentucky creased thirty-six per cent, and the cord for Texas was thirty-three per cent ger. The six next States in this rating ere Oregon, Wyoming, Maine, Idaho, eorgia, and Iowa. All of which goes to OW that the cotton-grower is taking a if from the experience of the planter of nin, the rancher, and the fruit-grower. It is doubtful if the farmer would have opted the automobile so universally had served merely to take him more readily hear Will Carleton at the Lyceum Course. me car had to appeal to him in dollars d cents as well as in lectures and leisure.
had to be a business partner, and it has en exactly that in seventy-eight per cent
its farmer mileage. The answers to the envass of car owners referred to above owed that of the average of 4,600 miles in annually by the farmer's car 3,588 iles were for business purposes. This use of the car and truck on the rm works out for profit in various ways.
saves labor. It makes possible more equent supervision of large areas. It ings fertilizer, implements, and other pplies from town when they are most eded. It enables the farmer to rush his oducts to the market when they are most demand, and permits the truck gardener see a much wider range of customers. Testimony from farmers in this canvass veals the fact that the efficiency of many doubled and tripled through use of the itomobile. The average of the replies lows an increase of sixty-eight per cent
the business productivity of the car ver. As there are 2,466,000 car and uck owners in the United States, each creasing his output sixty-eight per cent à result of the automobile, the gain to e farming community as a result of the ming of the motor vehicle is equivalent 1,675,000 hired men equal in ability to e farmer car owner. As one rancher ex'esses it: “ Can double amount. Saves le hired man when hauling to and from e ranch, also one team.”
The men who have been clearing the round American farms during the ist score of years have found their land instantly increasing in value. During the venty years before automobiles came into je—that is, up to 1900—the population of e United States increased at the rate of vo and a half per cent a year and the urm values at the rate of $400,000,000 a zar. During the next sixteen years, which ad not yet given the farmer the full adantage of motor transportation which has ome since, the population increased only vo per cent, but the annual average inease of farm values was $1,300,000,000. "liis means that during twenty years withat automobiles the population increased fty per cent and farm values fifty-seven er cent, while during sixteen years with utomobiles the population increased thirtyir'ee per cent and farm values one hun
per cent. This amounts to a differance of about $900,000,000 a year, a total f $14,400,000,000 in value due largely, if ot entirely, to the automobile. The rural physician has multiplied three r four times the number of calls he can yake in a day since he has been able to ubstitute motor travel for the oll-time orse and buggy. He can be summoned urriedly in urgent cases and arrive romptly, where in former times it took ours to reach the patient. He can visit he serious cases more than once a day. le can afford to visit those who are not
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