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THE NATION'S INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS
(Continued) complications from setting in. In short, medical practice in the country can now be as prompt and as thorough as in the city. There are
now approximately 150,000 doctors in the United States, of whom over 100,000 own automobiles. Nearly every country physician bas his car.
There is a tendency to speak glibly of the farmer as though he were a fixed type with a well-defined occupation. As a matter of fact rural life is as diversified as urban. The enriching effect of better transportation has wrought certain changes in the business of the grain-raiser as well as in the affairs of the truck-gardener. The rancher prospers because he can now cover his fields and grazing grounds more rapidly, the dairyman because he has ertended the number of retail customers he is able to see.
Bret Harte would probably heave more than one sigh at the change which motor transportation has brought in the stock ranches of the West. It was far more picturesque to see the cattleman dashing into town on a sweaty steed, covered with dust, and thirsty as a blotter, than the present method of driving comfortably into town. Dick Deadwood's Gin Palace was more glittering than the neat stores of to-day, and the faro wheel made better material for literature than the motionpicture palace.
But the vote of the rancher is apparently enthusiastically for the new order. In the questionnaire referred to before in this article a large response came from ranch owners of automobiles. One reported that he uses his automobile 12,000 miles during the year,
and remarked : “ It would take ai day to drive horse to town, one hour and a half round trip by auto." A California stockman answered: “Ranch 110 miles from town residence. Live three-quarters the time at ranch, because can reach town house any time in four and a half to five hours' easy running time.” A Wyoming rancher replied : “Live seventeen miles from town, and use car for hauling all sup: plies. Round trip by car one and a half hours; by team about ten hours."
Another type of rural resident to be aided by the passenger car is the amateur farmer. He is not the landed proprietor of an earlier day, nor the hard working farmer who makes the raising of chief business. He is rather the town man who lives in the country; has his main business in the city, but indulges in farming as a side line. He is something of a joke to the seasoned farmer, and his crops are often minor tragedies. But many men are making a success of this double-barreled farming-business life. The use of the automobile has opened up the possibilities of this kind of rounded existence to business men of moderate means, so that the present day sees merchant-farmers, dentist-farmers, mechanic-farmers, and, very frequently, writer-farmers.
Poultry-growers, fruit-growers, and nurs: erymen find their profits enlarged as a result of modern transportation because of the resulting efficiency and low cost of distribution to the retailer or the colisumer. One fruit-grower in California hauled twelve tons of cherries and four tons of apricots to market during the first six months of 1920.
In addition to the specific and imme diate business profits which have come to the farmer as a result of the development of the automobile, there have come indi
et benefits. The county agents of county provement leagues can hold demonstrans at long distances from the city, show
improved methods of fertilizing, bee sing, fighting the boll-weevil, growing -s, or whatever the local problem may
The forest supervisor can cover a ler area or visit the same territory more quently. The home economics teacher visit the farmer's wife and demonstrate
latest methods of household economy. In addition to these practical classes in proved business methods which reach ger numbers because of the improved thods of travel, higher education is ng made more accessible. The little red schoolhouses are being sed all over the Nation because of the ortage of teachers. But the crossroads 200l was of more inspiration to the poet in the pupils. The present-day parents e solving the education question by sendg in their children to the town schools in
larger centers. In this way the country y and girl are able to get the same highid instruction as their city cousins. They o come in contact with the affairs of e town and are able to enjoy its social adntages. Often families will combine transrtation facilities in sending the children school. One week the Joneses' car will used for the Robinson, Smith, Brown, d Jones youngsters. The next week ll be the Robinsons' turn, and so on. The country dweller is perhaps more ve to the benefits which the past twenty ars have brought in the matter of educa-n than in any other field. A South akota farmer, commenting on this situa-n, writes :
“ Car enables me to live arer better schools and still do fifty per nt more business.” A Virginia woman rmer tells that the car enables her to live the country and yet allows the children go back and forth to school and college ery school day. During the past ten years there has been resurgence of interest in the country urch. The white-spired meeting-houses ve been housing sparse congregations, r the tide of population has been toward e city. But the motor car is making ssible the union of parishes and is enling the rural minister to serve seval communities more effectively. Conseently in some of the more progressive ctions, where the clergy are alive to the -portunities of the day, rural church life being reawakened. The widespread use of the automobile 3 not only brought the farmer closer to e city, it has also brought the city out to e farmer. Recreation is being organized
rural neighborhood centers where the vantages of the city, as represented by otion pictures, lectures, and other attracons, are provided. Community Service, c., the Y. M. C. A., the Y. W.C. A., and e Red Cross are among the major social encies which are developing rural recreion centers. The Bureau of Community ervice, State of North Carolina, sends at delivery cars equipped with motioncture apparatus to a circuit of country mmunity centers. Of course the millennium has not dawned. he farmer's life is not all milk and honey Fen in this motorized twentieth century. is troubles may not be all gone, but his ulation has departed. Modern transportaon has brought him elbow to elbow with s neighbor. It has made him a citizen of e world. It has made the life of the man ho tills the soil as full and as varied as at of the man who minds the till.
in a million homes Suppose you read that breakfasts had dropped 85 per cent. Think what good news that would be in these high-cost times.
In countless homes breakfasts have come down. In late years millions of new users have adopted Quaker Oats. Those homes do save 85 per cent as compared with meat, eggs, fish, etc.
To save $125 a year Quaker Oats costs one cent per large dish. It costs 6720 per 1,000 calories, the energy measure of nutriment.
It costs 12 times as much to serve one chop—9 times as much to serve two eggs. A bite of meat costs as much as a dish of oats.
In a family of five Quaker Oats breakfasts served in place of meat breakfasts saves some $125 per year.
The oat is the food of foods. It supplies 16 elements needed for energy, repair and growth. For young folks it is almost the ideal food. As vim-food it has age-old fame. Each pound yields 1,810 calories of nutriment.
It is wise to start the day on oats, regardless of the cost. Yet it costs a trifle as compared with meat.
These figures are based on prices at this writing. Note them carefully. Cost Per Serving They do not mean that one should
Dish Quaker Oats
lc live on Quaker Oats alone. But 4 ounces meat this premier food should be your
8C basic breakfast. Serve the costlier
15c foods at dinner.
THAT BOSTON TEA PARTY
R. E. V. LUCAS writes in the article
recently published in The Outlook that he inquired of several people the sit of the Boston Tea Party, but to no avail Also he tramped the water-front section i his hunt for some tablet or marker con cerning that historic event.
As a matter of fact, there is a tablet a 495 Allantic Avenue, Boston, in the waterfront district, just a short walk from the South Station, with the following inscrip tion:
HERE FORMERLY STOOD
GRIFFINS WHARF at which lay moored on Dec. 16, 1773, three British ships with cargoes of tea. To defeat King George's trivial but tyrannical tar of three pence a pound, about ninety citizens of Boston, partly disguised as Indians, boarded the ships, threw the cargoes, three hundred and forty two chests in all, into the sea and made the world ring with the patriotic exploit of the
BOSTON TEA PARTY
In palace, hall, or arbor,
That night in Boston Harbor."
F. C. LOCKWOOD. Boston, Massachusetts.
POOR MAN'S ROCK
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THE WORLD WAR, 1914-1918
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MR. LUCAS AND PROHIBI.
AM delighted to know that the United
States has made some real impressions upon a visiting Englishman. The article in The Outlook by Mr. Lucas ought to give the average American an opportunity of discovering how he appears to an ir telligent foreigner who is not warped and blinded by prevailing customs.
There is one paragraph, however, in the first article which shows either the bias of the writer or makes manifest the fact that he fell into a very unfortunate stratum of American society. The Englishman's wellknown aversion to prohibition needs no discussion. In the statement of his discoreries along this line he echoed a thought which is receiving too much currency eren in portions of the American press of wlielu better things might be reasonably espected. The statement of Mr. Lucas was to the effect that a large number of people whom he met in his travels were of the opinion that America had been "torpedoel into prohibition.” That sentiment has been echoed and re-echoed by the devotees of Bacchus and personal liberty.
Alongside this usually appears the hackneyed statement that while the American doughboy was fighting for liberty in France his own liberty was taken from him by the land of his birth.
It might not be amiss if you were to publish à paragraph explanatory of the statement made by Mr. Lucas. Here are the facts as set forth by the best statutician of the temperance forces : Previous to the ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment, based on the 1910 Census there were more than 62,663,000 people in the United States living in dry territor', and more than 29,208,000 living in Tee territory ; 34 States of the Union were dry at this time, in which lived 48,403,000 of our American citizenship. In other States not wholly dry there lived a suficient
The New International Encyclopædia
s the writer understands the League 1 issue as made between the Democratic d Republican nominees, Mr. Cox stands narely for the Covenant as presented
the Senate by the President without nullifying reservations ;" while Mr. Harng stands for the principle of an assoation of nations to secure international ace (upon which principle the present eague is based), but is absolutely opposed
Årticle X of the present Covenant, or y sort of compact morally or legally nding this country in advance to go to ar in a foreign quarrel. In view of the fact that about one-fourth the present Democratic membership of e Senate refused to support the League thout reservations rejected by the Presient, and in view of the fact that there is ot the remotest possibility that two-thirds
the next Senate will accept the present eague without reservations which Mr. ox must reject if he is consistent, does it ot follow that his election means another ng-drawn-out deadlock unless he ends it accepting amendments or reservations ustained by a majority of the Republican embership ? If so, is it not a vain thing - make an issue and devote time and nergy to a controversy over
the lofty pirations and idealistic conceptions of a eague which confessedly can never comand the Constitutional majority necestry to ratify? In so far as I have observed, this view f the situation has never been presented the press or by either of the candidates. s it possible that a reasonable expectation mat two-thirds of the next Senate will ratEy the League that the President and Mr. Fox stands for can be entertained by any ell-informed man or woman?
WILLIAM H. WERTH.
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ÇAN never again think of Russia as the Land of the Dark People after seeing Catherine Breshkovsky. There is a light n her soul that shines out of her kindly =yes, that makes her whole face radiant und beautiful to look upon. It gives one a ense of great strength, of inspiration, and at the same time å feeling of ineffable
The light has been burning a long, long 3 me. It was first kindled in the generous heart of a child, whose innate love for her people was fostered by her “good parents," who taught her to be obedient and kind to very one. Thirty-three years of hardship and exile in Siberia could not quench the Light; rather it burned more brightly. And
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after us in the minds and hearts of pos(Continued)
terity. now, standing at the end of seventy-five
Nothing is so beautiful as knowledge years spent in the service of those she
when it is shared.” This was the keynote loved, and whose hard lot she longed to of “Babushka's” message to us, repremake happier and better, she is stilì inde
sentatives of the more favored class of fatigable in her efforts to help the children
American young women. We who have of Russia who represent the future of the
had so many opportunities must share them race.
with those not so fortunate if we would be One could not look at her face—80
worthy of the education we receive. I strong, so kindly and serene e-without
began to see how all education is only feeling that this woman had discovered
given in trust, as it were, to be shared the very secret of happiness. For this
with others before it can reach its maxireason misfortune could not crush her in
mum point of value and beauty. And to domitable spirit nor destroy her splendid hand on the
hand on the torch of knowledge and enfaith in the essential goodness of mankind.
lightenment to those in darkness is a way She explained it all with a simplicity that of keeping the light burning in our own touched us and a sincerity that convinced. souls. If one has a good aim in life, one is never
I had spent three years at college in the lonely or unhappy. It is something of which no one can deprive us, so that we
process, as I thought, of being educated.
But it was in that hour that my education are always rich. Though it may put an really began. end to our efforts, death cannot destroy
ELISABETH L. HAERLE. our ideals and hopes, which will live on Indianapolis, Indiana.