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NOVEMBER 17, 1920

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LITICAL COURTESIES

to be followed, the American type of by the terms of the Constitution I shall D SUGGESTIONS

government without any formal change be bound to counsel and without whose INCE his election, Senator Har- could be made almost as responsive as consent no such international associading has announced his intention that of Great Britain.

tion can be formed, to the end that we of visiting the Panama Canal. That Mr. Bryan has lost neither his shall have an Association of Nations mptly upon the publication of this fertility in political suggestion nor his for the promotion of international -s, Secretary Daniels telegraphed on sense of humor may be judged from peace.” alf of President Wilson, offering this and the fact that he is also re- Another instance of misleading headsident-elect Harding the use of the ported as saying, in substance: “I lines is found in the report of Mr. yflower to transport him to Hampton don't see how Governor Cox was Harding's significant speech at Marion, uds and the use of a battleship to badly beaten when I didn't help him." on November 4, to a group of his y him thence to the Zone. This

neighbors who had gathered to conrtesy was graciously declined by Mr.

gratulate him on his victory. The newsding in a telegram which cordially SENATOR HARDING AND

paper headlines reporting this speech ressed his thanks for the offer. THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS

read as follows: “ Harding declares the ecretary Daniels's suggestion was URING the recent Presidential cam

Versailles League is ‘now deceased.'” thy of the best American tradition paign there was a good deal of The natural inference of those who he attitude which it manifested to- heated discussion about Senator Har- went no further than the headlines was ds a political opponent. The tradi- ding's attitude towards the principle of that Mr. Harding was rejoicing over was several times violated during substituting for war in international the fact that the movement for intercampaign, but never by Senator disputes an appeal to reason and jus- national peace had received a final and eding. Secretary Baker has also tice through the agency of a League fatal blow. Those, however, who, with a en for the War Department in

of Nations. Some intelligent Americans justifiable distrust of headline writers, ring full military courtesies to the were convinced that Mr. Harding's went on and read the complete address sident-elect during his visit in the sympathies, if not his outspoken dec

sympathies, if not his outspoken dec- found that what he said was this : e and in offering to extend to larations, were for a policy of Ameri- I didn't see as much sorrow in your a similar courtesy should he desire can isolation. We did not think so, and faces as I had apprehended. It's not aspect conditions along the Mexican the results of the election indicate that that you or I question the desire of Her. the majority of the American people

America to play its part; it's not that Governor Cox has issued an admira- did not think so. How, then, did the

we question the high ideals of those

who were responsible for the Versailles statement, in which he expressed impression get abroad among intelli- Covenant. You just didn't want a surhope that the Democratic party gent men, especially in university cir- render of the United States of Amerld co-operate with the new Admin- cles, that Mr. Harding was committed

ica, you wanted America to go on tion and refrain from political

under American ideals. That's why you to a policy of “going it alone”?

didn't care for the League which is tage. We think the answer may be found

now deceased. suggestion which emanated from in the headlines of the daily news- America is playing a great part now, liam Jennings Bryan has deserved papers. In his much-discussed Des America is healing the heart of the old publicity which it has received. Moines speech, for example, Mr. Har

world to-night as no other nation, but

there is more to do. There is a new Bryan believes that, since the ding said in reply to Mr. Cox, and re

,

world relationship, and when the next on so overwhelmingly voiced its ferring to the Covenant of the League Administration re for a Republican Administra- of Nations, “I am not for clarification, we're going to play our part. We're President Wilson should not wait but for rejection." but for rejection.” The newspaper

going to ask for nations associated to| March 4 to resign the reins of headlines reported this statement as 1 4

gether in justice, but it shall be an as

sociation which surrenders nothing of e, but should now withdraw in follows: “ Harding rejects the League

:

American freedom. r of Vice-President Marshall. Mr. outright." Readers jumped to the con

The lesson is that, while the American shall, Mr. Bryan suggests, couid clusion that this meant that he was

headline writer is usually clever and inappoint Mr. Harding as Secre- against all association with other civof State, and in turn withdraw in

teresting, he cannot be depended upon ilized nations in an attempt to enforce

for all the facts. The man who scans avor, making Mr. Harding Presi- international law. But if they had read

the headlines and thinks he has the the speech itself capped by these star

news of the day is not infrequently apt a far as we can see, there would be tling headlines they would have found

to be misled. ing unconstitutional in such a pro- that Mr. Harding was referring, when ure. It is interesting, not as a prob- he used the word "rejection," simply

course of action, but as an in- to the Covenant of the League of Na- THE PAROCHIAL SCHOOL tion of the real flexibility in tions as framed at Paris, for he con- QUESTION IN MICHIGAN apparently inflexible Constitution. tinued with these words : As soon as NOTHER illustration of misleading ler the British system, as Americans possible after my election I shall advise

newspaper headlines is found in know, when one party is defeated, with the best minds in the United the reports of the vote of the electorate opposing party at once comes into States, and especially I shall consult of Michigan on the so-called Parochial er. If Mr. Bryan's suggestion were in advance with the Senate, with whom School Amendment to the Constitution

comes

into power

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been closed. The Secretary of State STRIK be noted in the Senate. Among of Oklahoma, with one exception

of that State. The proposed Amend. For the public school system, the others, brings up the Senate Republiment provided that all children between greatest of all American institutions can majority to twenty-two. the ages of five and sixteen should be and the unique contribution that the compelled to attend the public schools. American people have made to the A clear-sighted and impartial corre- history of democracy, will be greatly

CHANGES IN THE HOUSE spondent in Michigan informs us that weakened, perhaps even destroyed, if the N the House of Representatives the movement which led to the framing school moneys are divided, diverted, there are equally striking changes

. of this Amendment was aimed directly or paid over to private teachers and A hundred and nineteen members of at the Roman Catholic Church and was boards of management. Provided that the present House were not returned. designed to close its parochial schools. universal taxation for school purposes Some were not candidates for reProtestant schools, however, were also is maintained and the right of the election ; a few, like Scott Ferris, were involved, the Lutheran, Adventist, and State to determine the minimum stand- candidates for Senatorial honors; some Christian Reformed Churches all hav- ards of education is unabridged, par- were defeated in the primaries. But ing parochial day schools. Perhaps the ents should have the freedom to edu- most were defeated on November 2. supporters of the Amendment did not cate their children where they will. The results of the elections on that realize the sweeping effect it might

date seem almost incredible. Repubhave on the general course of education,

licans won solid delegations from Obia but if it bad passed all the secular WHERE ARE THE

Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minne private schools in the State would have FAMILIAR FACES ?

sota, the Dakotas, and from all of the

TRIKING changes in the new Congress States west of the Mississippi and north refused to place the question on the primary ballot, the Attorney-General very familiar faces there will no longer ifornia. And, what is more, the Re having advised that the Amendment be seen (at least not for six years after publicans won solid delegations, sare would, if adopted, be unconstitutional. March 4, 1921) those of Senators Cham- the admixture of one Democrat, in Neo Its supporters carried the matter to the berlain and Gore.

Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Missouri Supreme Court, which decided, wisely, Mr. Chamberlain, twice Governor of The New Jersey result recalls the corwe think, that the Amendment should Oregon, has been since 1909 in the

Oregon, has been since 1909 in the dition of the future lower house of its go to the voters, and that the function

Senate, where, as an eminent author- State Legislature; one Democratie of the Court is to pass on the consti- ity there on army matters (he was Assemblyman will represent his party tutionality of a law after its enactment Chairman of the Military Affairs Com- there. and not before. The Amendment being mittee), his influence was felt far and Three very familiar faces will be althus submitted to the voters, they, also wide. Though a Democrat, he pointed sent from the House-at least for two wisely, it seems to us, decisively rejected out unsparingly the deficiencies of a years from March 4, 1921. it by a vote of nearly two to one. Democratic Administration and was First is that of Champ Clark, DemoWhereupon a great New York news- an effective thorn in its side. As his crat, member of the Fifty-third and of paper placed upon its special and prom- course has always been independent, the Fifty-fifth and succeeding Com inent despatch from Detroit the head

many thousand Oregon Republicans gresses, inclusive of the present. In two line: “Michigan Approves Parochial have voted for him election after elec- of those Congresses he was minority Schools.” The voters of Michigan, we tion. If the next President includes a leader and in four Speaker. His great believe, did nothing of the kind. They Democrat in his Cabinet and selects a popularity is indicated by the fact that simply sustained the American princi- civilian as Secretary of War, what at the Baltimore Convention of 1912 he ple of freedom under regulation, or, as better candidate could there be than led on twenty-seven ballots, and, wha: a writer in the Grand Rapids, Michi- Mr. Chamberlain ?

is more, on no less than eight of them gan, “Press” expresses it, the voters Mr. Gore has represented Oklahoma had a clear majority. Had the Repubtook the intelligent and logical position in the Senate ever since Oklahoma be- lican rule prevailed in Democratic conthat “the State has the right to investi- came a State. He is blind, his face is ventions, Mr. Clark would have doubtgate and regulate but not to dominate singularly striking, bis oratory is brill- less won the seat now occupied by schools."

iant, and, like Senator Chamberlain, Woodrow Wilson. The American public school system though a Democrat, he has opposed

General Isaac R. Sherwood, Demo is founded upon the principle that the some of President Wilson's policies. crat, will not be seen in the next State has the right and the duty to These Senators are succeeded re- Congress. He is the dean of both see that all its children are made com- spectively by Robert N. Stanfield and branches of Congress. He will be eighty. petent citizens as far as education can John W. Harreld. For days after the six on his next birthday. He stands as so make them, and that all the citizens election Scott Ferris, Democrat, the straight as ever, as befits a gallant so are to be taxed for this purpose.

Par- able Congressman from Oklahoma, was dier of the Civil War. His tall form, ents who desire and are able to furnish supposed to have won the succession to crowned by shaggy white hair, has been their children with an education at Senator Gore, whom he defeated in as much a “sight” in the House to least equivalent in standards and effi- the primaries. Mr. Harreld is one of be pointed out to visitors as have been ciency to that required and supplied the few Republicans ever elected to the better-known faces of ex-Speakers by the State should be permitted to office in Oklahoma. The unexpected Cannon and Clark. General Sherwol

Republican addition arising from the has represented the Toledo district of The real danger of parochial schools, election of these men, together with Ohio in Congress for many years. whether Protestant or Catholic, is that Mr. Cameron from Arizona, Mr. Ernst Doubtless the most efficient legislator they tend to develop in their patrons a from Kentucky (whose defeat of Sen- in the House, who must now needs te desire to be relieved of their school ator Beckham was not known until tire because of defeat at the primaries taxes. This tendency should be com- several days after the election), Mr. is John J. Esch, Republican, from bated frankly wherever it shows itself. Weller from Maryland, and certain Wisconsin. He was defeated by the

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REPRESENTATIVE-ELECT

House no

man should be more wel. come than Theodore E. Burton, exRepresentative and ex-United States Senator from Ohio. The House needs sources of exact information. Mr. Burton will take his place along with Speaker Gillett as supplying such need. In his judgments Mr. Burton is a very independent man.

William Stafford, Republican, of Wisconsin, who defeated Victor Berger, Socialist, is another familiar figure who will return to the House after an absence of some years.

A Republican Representative has

actually been elected from Texas. Of ALICE M. ROBERTSON, OF OKLAHOMA, the fifteen districts in the South in

CHANNING COX, GOVERNOR-ELECT which Republicans made contests they combined efforts of the Plumb Plan

won seven and made a remarkable Follette followers. Though there was League, the Non-Partisan League, and showing in the other eight.

no compromise, a similar result was Senator La Follette. Mr. Esch, with

The result of all the elections appears

obtained, Mr. Lenroot, an

anti-La Senator Cummins, originated the Trans

to bring up the House Republican Follette Republican, being elected portation Act of 1920. He has served

Senator, and John J. Blaine, the procontinuously in the House for twenty

La Follette candidate, Governor. two years. His great experience should

In Massachusetts Channing H. Cox, be utilized by the new Administration ;

the Republican candidate, won over his were he to be appointed to the vacancy

Democratic opponent, John J. Walsh, on the Inter-State Commerce Commis

by a huge majority. In Connecticut sion which will shortly occur, the selec

Everett J. Lake, Republican, bad a tion would be appropriate.

decisive victory; similar results obtained in Vermont, New Hampshire,

and Rhode Island, were foreshadowed NEW MEMBERS

by Mr. Parkhurst's triumph in the MONG the new faces in the House

September Maine election for Gorwill be that of Alice Robertson, of

ernor. The next Governor of Vermont Muskogee, Oklahoma, the second woman

will be James Hartness; of New to go to Congress and the only woman to

Hampshire, Albert O. Brown; and of be in the Sixty-seventh Congress. As a

Rhode Island, Emery J. San Souci. child of five years Miss Robertson went to the old Indian Territory in an ox

In Ohio ex-Mayor Harry L. Davis, of

Cleveland, defeated his opponent, State cart, along with her missionary father.

Auditor A. V. Donahey, Democrat. In the Roosevelt Administration she

In Michigan General A. J. Groes was postmistress of Muskogee. She majority to the huge total of 179–

beek, the Republican candidate against owns a restaurant, and her advertise- an unwieldy majority.

former Governor Ferris, was elected. ments recommending it were cleverly phrased so as to tell voters just how NEW GOVERNORS

THE WEST AND SOUTH they should cast their ballots for the restaurant owner.

ECOND

N Montana Joseph M. Dixon, former As an addition of strength to the

Governors. Not all States had such Committee, obtained the Republican
elections, but the States which did
have them were important.

Among those States was Illinois.
The election there was characterized by
a fight among Republicans, brought
about by William Hale Thompson,
the Chicago “boss.” Even the Chi-
cago
66 Tribune

favored the elec-
tion of James Hamilton Lewis, the
Democratic candidate, over that of
Small, the Republican candidate, and a
Thompson follower. On the basis of
pre-election compromise, the Thompson
strength was promised to McKinley, a
Thompson opponent, for the Senate. Mr.
Small was elected by a great plurality.

In Wisconsin a similar split occurred between the La Follette and anti-La

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(C) Harris & Ewing
E, F. LADD, SENATOR-ELECT FROM

NORTH DAKOTA

econd in interest to the Congres. Ichiman of the Progressive National

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(C) Harris & Ewing THEO. E. BURTON, REPRESENTATIVE-ELECT

FROM OHIO

(C) Keystone
EVERETT J. LAKE. GOVERNOR-ELECT

OF CONNECTICUT

victory over his opponent, and had the

founder of the Liberal party. He took advantage of many Democratic votes.

no part in the Gomez revolts. He is In Idaho David W. Davis, Repub

a National figure, having been candidate lican, won handsomely.

for Vice-President in 1912 and for The same is true of S. R. McKilvie

President in 1916. His nomination was in Nebraska. Here again the situation

followed by President Menocal's supwas complicated by a three-cornered

port of the candidate and by an elecvote.

tion which shows that most Cubans In Colorado Governor Oliver H.

wish to continue a Presidency of the Shoup defeated James M. Collins,

Menocal, not of the Gomez, type. Democrat, who had been indorsed by

This result will be gratifying to the Non-Partisan League.

Americans as well. But the conduct of In Kansas Governor Henry J. Allen

the election itself is also peculiarly has been victorious again, and says,

gratifying. It is the first election to be as reported :

conducted in a distinctly orderly manThis is the greatest blow the Gom

ner-doubtless due to the fact that it pers leadership ever received. It

H. L. DAVIS, GOVERNOR-ELECT OF OHIO was the first under the law adopted by turned on this State every gun at its

the Cuban Congress and framed at the command-money, speakers, organizers—and lost in all except three The Cuban elections also took place at

Cuban Government's invitation by our counties. It particularly attacked the that time.

General Crowder, a law designed to The present President, Señor Menocal, is a Conservative. He has been an admirable President. As he declined to stand for a third term, the Conservatives turned to General Montalvo, a good man but not commanding the following of another General, José Miguel Gomez, the candidate of the Liberals and a popular idol with the Radicals, especially in Havana. Gomez had a fine military record in the Cuban Revolution of 1898; later he led the rebellion against President Palma (which brought about our second intervention), and was elected President (1908). His four-year term was characterized by extravagance. Some years

ALFRED TAYLOR, GOVERNOR-ELECT OF TENN. after he led an uprising, with conse

sequent loss of life and damage to prevent registration frauds and ballotKansas Court of Industrial Relations, property.

box stuffing and thereby sought to turn the voters

As between Montalvo and Gomez, against me. the latter would have won. Hence, as

THE BUILDING TRADE SCANDAL From the standpoint of the future, a very large section of Liberals felt that he most striking event in the

election is Gomez did not represent them, they E
Gomez did not represent them, they Esing, and blackmail are the charges

XTORTION-
he Republican victory in Tennessee. joined hands with the Conservatives
Jarding has a lead over Cox, and

intimated in the investigation by a who disregarded Montalvo. This coaliCaylor, Republican candidate for Govtion then nominated Dr. Alfredo Zayas,

Committee of the Legislature into the mnor, over Roberts, Democrat and

a man of greater intellectual ability practices of the Building Trades Counpresent Governor of the State. This than Gomez and regarded as the real

cil in New York City. Instituted nomilouble result, constituting the first real

nally to protect contractors against Oreak in the “ Solid South,” may be

labor strikes, on the one hand, and unepoch-making in the history of party

fair competition, on the other, it is government in the United States. It

charged with laying tribute on laborers will patently help the Republican party.

and contractors alike, and so excessBut the addition of Oklahoma-Repub

ively that workmen had to pay from $3 ican for the first time since its State

to $10 a week, while some contractors hood-and the Republican gains in

who undertook to fight exactions were Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and

driven out of business or into bankFlorida should stir Democrats to some

ruptcy. Others, it is stated, paid large -hing better and more potential than

sums for influence in getting contracts. relying on any sectional solidarity,

It is said that tens of thousands of workmen paid tribute under penalty of losing

jobs, although the American Federation THE CUBAN ELECTIONS

of Labor tried to help them resist. It THE THE elections in this country were

is alleged that graft affected the letting not the only important elections

of city contracts for building schools. Auring the first week of November.

So extraordinary have been the reveJOS. M. DIXON, GOVERNOR-ELECT OF MONTANA

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(C) Keystone E. J. SAN SOUCI, GOVERNOR-ELECT OF R. I.

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