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TO have good and new stories of fa- dinner with the General and Mrs. Grant. mous people to tell and to know how A trip to Boston to see the famous New

to tell them well is enough to make England authors resulted in an invitation any book enjoyable. But Mr. Bok has put from Oliver Wendell Holmes to breakfast much more than this in his volume of and “have a piece of pie with me,” in a reminiscences. He lays stress on his title. delightful interview with Longfellow, who Here was a little Dutch boy, six years old, got him to say grace in Dutch and to read who came to America with parents of in Dutch “ The Old Clock on the Stairs,” moderate means and without knowledge of in friendly talks with Wendell Phillips and English. What did America do for him Phillips Brooks, and even in a glimpse of and wherein did it fail? He devotes a Emerson in his pathetic old age. What is chapter to each question with homely and noteworthy about the accounts of these concrete illustrations. Thus, looking back, boyish experiences is the cheerful, friendly he sees that he had to practice thrift in a intimacy with which every one seems to land of waste, that there was too much have welcomed the boy Edward. There emphasis on quantity rather than quality, that lack of thoroughness was the 5 curse of America,” that the public schools failed to provide rightly for the education of a child of foreign birth, that there was not respect enough for law and order, that America did not teach its young voters rightly as to the significance of the franchise. On the other hand, it offered Edward (for so Mr. Bok speaks of himself in a detached way, avoiding the first person) high idealism and “the most priceless gift that any nation can offer, and that is opportunity.”

The story of Edward's boyhood shows that he had a naïve self-assurance—not in the least impudent or offensive. That his boyish personality

, was attractive is proved by the friendly spirit in which his advances were met. Thus his collection of autographs began with a letter to General Garfield, then candidate for the Presidency, asking whether a cyclopædia story of “the tow-path boy

accurate-Edward wanted to test his newly bought cyclopædia, not to get an autograph. Mr. Bok remarks :

its relation is of Edward's helping Beecher hunt for some papers and ac dentally coming across a box of pape marked Tilton vs. Beecher. Edward h actually never even heard of the ca which was tried when he was twelve yea old, and he asked Reecher what its about! Mr. Beecher su You will sor day hear about that suit. And I do know”—then he hesitated—“bat-but

y might as well get it straight.” Then 'f two hours and until after midnight Beecher told this young fellow the ent history of the attack upon him from poi to point. “It was interesting then,'' sa Mr. Bok, “as Mr. Beecher progresse but how thrice interesting that wonder recital was to prove as the years rolled and the boy realized the wonderful telli of that of all stories by Mr. Beecher hi self.”

Later, in response to a letter from ) Bok about an absurd story, which still si vives, Mr. Beecher wrote him as follow My Dear Friend :

No, I never did begin a sermon with the re mark that “it is d-d hot," etc. It is a story a hundred years old, revamped every few year to suit some new man. When I am dead and gone, it will be told to the rising generation respecting some other man, and then, as now there will be fools who will swear they heart it!

HENRY WARD BEECHER. There are other stories not familiar readers about Mr. Beecher and abo Eugene Field, Andrew Carnegie, Stoc ton, Gladstone, Cleveland, and many cele rities, and letters from Mark Twain, Wh tier, and others.

Another contradiction of a widespre myth came later from Rudyard Kipli in connection with his story “ William Conqueror." Mr. Bok had suggested th something relating to drinking might modified :

From this incident arose the widely pub lished story that Bok cabled Kipling, asking permission to omit a certain drinking reference, and substitute something else, whereupon Kip ling cabled back: “Substitute Mellin's Food." As a matter of fact (although it is a pity to kill such a clever story), no such cable was ever sent and no such reply ever received. As Kip ling himself wrote to Bok : “No, I said Dothing about Mellin's Food. I wish I had."

It was in connection with another stor by Kipling that arose the not altogethe popular publishing plan of “running over stories and articles from the body of the paper back into the advertising pages:

One day Bok was handling a story by Rud yard Kipling which had overrun the space allowed for it in the front. The story had come late and the rest of the front portion of the magazine had gone to press. The editor was in a quandary what to do with the two remaining columns of the Kipling tale. There were only two pages open, and these were at the back. He remade those pages, and continued the story from pages 6 and 7 to pages 38 and 39.

At once Bok saw that this was an instance where “necessity was the mother of invention." He realized that if he could run some of his front material over to the back he would relieve the pressure at the front, present a more varied contents there, and make his advertisements more valuable by putting them next to the most expensive material in the magazine.

One other publishing story may be quoted because it reveals for the first time, me



Edward W. Bok

From a photograph by Gutekunst

Of course any public man, no matter how large his correspondence, is pleased to receive an earnest letter from an information-seeking boy. General Garfield answered warmly and fully. Edward showed the letter to his father, who told the boy that it was valuable and he should keep it. This was a new idea. He followed it further; if one such letter was valuable, how much more valuable would be a hundred !

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So it came about that “General Grant sketched on an improvised map the exact spot where General Lee surrendered to him; Longfellow told him how he came to write Excelsior ;' Whittier told the story of The Barefoot Boy; Tennyson wrote out a stanza or two of The Brook,' upon condition that Edward would not again use the word ' awful,' which the poet said “is slang for “very,” and I hate slang.'”

Out of this autograph hunting came articles for newspapers and the beginnings of Edward's work for publishers, which was to end in his establishing a new type of magazine, the “Ladies' Home Journal,” the success of which made him a remarkable figure in the publishing world.

Soon we find Edward attracting President Hayes's attention by simple sincerity, calling upon General Grant at the Fifth Avenue Hotel and being asked to stay to

I 'The Americanization of Edward Bok: The Autobiography of a Dutch Boy Fiity Years After. By Edward Bok, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.

was certainly something about him that
was pleasing and interesting.

As he advanced in literary and publish-
ing circles Edward-or Bok, as he now
begins to call himself—saw many people
of note. Here is a delightful little impres-
sion of Harriet Beecher Stowe:

He (Bok] was sitting in Mark Twain's sitting-room in his home in Hartford waiting for the humorist to return from a walk. Suddenly sounds of devotional singing came in through the open window from the direction of the outer conservatory. The singing was low, yet the sad tremor in the voice seemed to give it special carrying power.

* You have quite a devotional servant,” Bok said to a maid who was dusting the room.

“Oh, that is not a servant who is singing, sir," was the answer. “You can step to this window and see for yourself.”

Bok did so, and there, sitting on one of the
rustic benches in the flower-house, was a small,
elderly woman. Keeping time with the first
finger of her right hand, as if with a baton,
she was slightly swaying her frail body as
she sang, softly yet sweetly, Charles Wesley's
hymn, “Jesus, Lover of My Soul," and Sarah
Flower Adams's “Nearer, My God, to 'Thee."

But the singer was not a servant. It was
Harriet Beecher Stowe.
With Henry Ward Beecher young

had associations in work and of friendship.
One incident that is really dramatic in

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6 'The man


re Roosevelt extremists of both sides. There are roman- it. Miss Anthony is both keen and sympa-
nous depart- tic and dramatic incidents in abundance. thetic-perhaps a little too sympathetic.
ran in the
The novel is alive and vigorous.

But she is neither an apologist nor a eulo-
6. Labori-
World to Mend (A). By Margaret Sherwood.

gist; she is an analyst. Margaret Fuller's · preserve Little, Brown & Co., Boston.

genius was akin to madness, and how far · believed Described by the author the journal such an analysis of so abnormal a charCriosity, of a workingman.” It is an informal rec- acter is of real value is questionable. It is,

ord from day to day of the experiences however, unquestionably well done.
could stand and reflections of a symbolic “cobbler,” a
i i jority of his vi- man who, stung by the war to an intense
Hiie comments :
consciousness of his own failure as a citi.

Accepting the Universe. By John Burroughs.

Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. natural that the appearance of a dezen, begins a new life of active, homely

Frequent attempts have been made to wment devoted to men in a woman's magarelationship with humanity, in an endeavor

explain the universe. That Mr. Burroughs ne should attract immediate attention. The to discover a finer citizenship for himself has failed where no one has ever succeeded zpartment took up the various interests of a and for others.

is not strange. He disarms criticism by an's life, such as real efficiency ; his duties Wounded Suuls. By Philip Gibbs. The George san employer, and his usefulness to his em

H. Doran Company, New York.

admitting that there may be some contra

dictions." In fact, his philosophy is a mass Loyees; the employee's attitude toward his

Only in a limited sense a novel. There mployer; the relations of men and women ; a

of contradictions. In his preface he calls is a thread of fiction, but in the main the ther's relations to his sons and daughters ; a

nature “the great Mother." On page 5 he book is a series of pictures of what this an's duty to his community; the public

denies that the love of the Eternal is a famous war correspondent saw and heard -hool system; a man's relation to his church, ad kindred topics. in Belgium and Germany after the armi

parental love—“ the love of the mother for

her child ;” and further on he characterizes The anonymity of the articles soon took on stice. Again, as in his other books, he

her as an terest from the positiveness of the opinions drives home the physical horror and moral

“ impartial mother.” On one he declares that «

page hatefulness of war and calls upon the peoiscussed; but so thoroughly had Colonel

man can know and oosevelt covered his tracks that, although he ples of the world to prevent their “old

feel and love only man;" on the next, that rote in his usual style, in not a single instance

we need not fear alienation from God. I men ”—diplomats and soldiers—from playas his name connected with the department.

love him when I love my friend.” He sees ing with ambition and greed to the immiyman Abbott was the favorite guess

religion as necessary to man. st; then after various other public men had nent danger of world peace. He writes

who has it not is like a plant that never with passion and vividness. een suggested, the newspapers finally decided

blooms.” But a little further on man is pon former President Eliot, of Harvard Uni



a part of nature," and nature is a ersity, as the writer. Sandman's Mountain (The). By Louis Dodge.

vast machine with neither thoughts nor All this intensely interested and amused

Illustrated. Charles Scribner's Sons, New feelings—is what it must be, acts as it olonel Roosevelt, and he fairly itched with



act. Generally the spirit is left out of ne desire to write a series of criticisms of his

One is affected pleasurably at the outset on articles to Doctor Eliot. Bok, however,

Mr. Burroughs's picture of life. Nature's by the tasteful way in which this book for ersuaded the Colonel not to spend more physi

power to hurt man is abundantly illusil effort than he was already doing on the

children is printed and illustrated. It is trated. Nature's function to heal what she ticles; for, in addition, he was notating really an admirable piece of work in its

has hurt is ignored ; of man's power over Oswers on the numerons letters received, and physical aspects. It is also charming and

nature, compelling her to do his will, almost nose Bok answered on behalf of the author." imaginative in its conception. It certainly

no mention is made. The struggle for exThere is a great deal that is stimulating will take its place as one of the best of

istence is abundantly illustrated and its children's books of the season. energy, originality, and resourcefulness

benefits are pointed out, but the struggle chis autobiography, as well as much that Trail of the White Indians (The). By A. for others, which Drummond has abun

Hyatt Verrill. Illustrated. E. P. Dutton & musing and agreeable reading.

Co., New York.

dantly illustrated in the “ Ascent of Man,” R. D. TOWNSEND. Hair-raising adventures of two boys who

Mr. Burroughs ignores. The reality of encounter Huns, Indians, jaguars, and

moral evil he recognizes ; but in his meTHE NEW BOOKS other objectionable creatures in South

chanical theory of the universe there is no FICTION America. Rapid-fire conversation blazes

place for either good or evil. It is impossi

ble to de-spiritualize the universe and leave ptain Macedoine's Daughter. By Will- on every page, and there is not a dull

in it logically any place for either religion iam McFee. Doubleday, Page & Co., Garden moment in the book. City.

or ethics ; and it is impossible to interpret Young Citizen's Own. Book (The). By Chere is less sea and more siren in this

life without recognizing as unquestioned

Chelsea Curtis Fraser. Illustrated. The el than Mr. McFee's readers would Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York. facts reverence, justice, pity, sove. Mr. haps expect. It is strong meat for sea- Many young citizens who are realizing Burroughs in accepting the universe drops ied fiction readers; it deals frankly for the first time the responsibilities of the

out from it its most important phenomena. h the love theme in unconventional American voter will find this book an ex- Philosophy of Faith and the Fourth sations; and if some of the rather bookish cellent one for helping them to bear those

Gospel (Tbe). By the Rev. Henry Scott raseology of the character who tells the

Holland, D.D._Edited by the Rev. Wilfrid responsibilities intelligently. It discusses

Richmond. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. ry seems unconvincing, “ Mr. Spenlove in simple and informal fashion our Govvertheless makes us feel that he knows ernment, State and National, the political ht well how to spin a yarn. Few read- parties, and cognate themes.

Ladies of Grecourt. By Ruth Gaines. Illuswill resist the charm of the style ; some

trated. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York.

Rising Above the Ruins in France. By I think the dénouement unsatisfying. George von Lengerke Meyer : His Life

Corinna Haven Smith Mrs. Joseph Lindon Reliable in Africa. By Harris Dickson. and Public Services. By M. A. De Wolfe

Smith) and Caroline R. Hill. Illustrated. G. The Frederick A. Stokes Conipany, New York. Howe. Illustrated. Dodd, Mead & Co., New

P. Putnam's Sons, New York,
Jovial tales of the doings of an old school

In the pages of the first volume descriprky servant who goes to Africa with his Every chapter of this well-written biog- tions of the Valley of the Somme find lonel. His adventures are as queer as

raphy is worth reading. It reveals a whole- prominent place. The Smith College Unit ey are funny.

some, likable character. It describes years had its headquarters at Grécourt. The or Wise Man (A). By Mary Roberts Rine

of service, first in the Massachusetts Leg- authors of the second volume tell us that hart. The George H. Doran Company, New islature, then in the Ministries to Italy and no department of France had the record York.

Russia, and finally in Cabinet positions. of the Somme, for almost its entire popA thoroughly interesting study of after

The most interesting part of the book to ulation was twice driven out. Both books 2-war conditions in a Mid-Western city. many will be the narration of the Russo- give a personal touch. As opposed to the ne struggle is on between old-fashioned Japanese negotiations of 1905 and Meyer's opinion that the best good is gained in actionary capitalism, red-handed revolu- relationship to Theodore Roosevelt. more centralized efforts, we see here certain nism, and plain, simple prohibition and Margaret Fuller. By Katharine Anthony.

sure results obtained by units of helpers od citizenship—the last represented finely Harcourt, Brace & Howe, New York.

who went to live in the devastated regions, Will Cameron, a lame young drug clerk This is a brief and somewhat sketchy to share the conditions there, to doctor ailEurned from war service with the Y. M. narrative of the events of Margaret Fuller's ments, to restore community life. Both A. He is the 6 poor wise man

» of the

life. Its distinctive interest lies in the volumes would have been improved by le, and he helps save his town from psychological analysis which accompanies indexes, and especially by adequate maps.

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Misleading Newspaper Head- How would you answer this question if lines-President-Elect Harding

applied to Mexico? Which tendency is

better for a self-governing republic? and the League of Nations ;

Who are

General Gomez and Dr. Parochial School Question in

Zayas? Are there any political leaders in

the United States with whom these leaders Michigan

might be compared ?

The Outlook refers to the Cuban RevoTHE OUTLOOK is of the opinion

lution of 1898. What were its causes ? that the result of the National

Was the action and the attitude of the election shows that the American

United States Government towards that people believe that President-elect Harding does not stand for a policy of

revolution in any wise questionable ?

The Outlook also refers to our second American isolation. Can you give evidence

intervention in Cuba. What occasion in support of The Outlook's opinion? Do

was there for this? Have we any right you expect that President Harding and

to intervene in Cuba ? If so, should we the Senate will put the United States in

have? the League of Nations ?

In a recent conversation the writer of The Outlook gives several instances of misleading newspaper headlines. How do

this study was told that “ Cuba is just as you account for so many of these in our

dependent upon the United States as a

child upon its mother,” and that “Cuba dailies? What responsibility do you attach to such headlines?

has been the great altruistic adventure in Do you know of American citizens who

international politics." Are there good depend upon headlines for their facts? If reasons justifying such comments ?

Do know of

any so, what kind of citizens are they? Would

other nations that it be better if no headlines appeared in our

would not have annexed Cuba had they

been in our place in 1898 ? papers, as is true of the French daily press

What do you know about the work of What is a parochial school? Are all such

General Leonard Wood in Cuba? How schools under Roman Catholic control ? How do these schools differ from other

many schools did he find there? How schools?

many did he leave? How many dollars If

did he find in the Cuban Treasury? How had been a voter in the recent you Michigan election, would you have voted for

many did he leave? How long did he

serve Cuba ? or against the so-called Parochial School Amendment to the Constitution of that

If you want further information on State? What are your reasons ?

Cuba, read “ Leonard Wood,” by Eric

Fisher Wood (Doran); “ Cubans of To-
What arguments can you give why the
Supreme Court should not pass upon the

day,” by W. B. Parker (Putnams); “ Cuba

Past and Present," by A. H. Verrill (Dodd, constitutionality of a law before it is enacted ? Does it? If not, what are its

Mead); “ Cuba,” by I. A. Wright (Mac

millan). reasons ?

Several times recently The Outlook has What Started the Republican made the very important statement that the unique contribution [italics mine) the

Avalanche ?
American people have made to the history


know of Democrats who voted of democracy is its public school system. the Republican ticket? If so, what were Once before I asked, and again I ask, is

their reasons ? this so? Are there any readers of The From reading the noteworthy mail and Outlook who can successfully challenge telegraphic post-election correspondence The Outlook's contention?

found in this issue of The Outlook, what Would it be well to abolish all parochial and how many reasons do you find why schools and require the study of Biblical the country went so overwhelmingly Reliterature in the public schools ?

publican? Some towns have enacted legislation Do you expect the contrast between the requiring all resident aliens to support the present and the next National Administrapublic schools financially. Do you think tions to be very sharp? If you do, what all of our States should enact such legis- are your reasons ? lation ?

What words and expressions found in

the correspondence of critics from the The Cuban Election

various parts of the country do you not

understand ? For what reasons should American citi

Of what educational and political value zens be interested in the Cuban election?

is this correpondence to you? The present Cuban election law was

Read the editorial entitled “ The Flood proposed by General Enoch Crowder. Who is he? What are the provisions of

Tide of Republicanism." How would you

describe and define the responsibility of that law? Would it be well for our States

the Republican party as you see it? to adopt it? Io the Cubans divide easily into parties

What lessons do you think the result of

the National election should teach the inor are they inclined to follow leaders ?

coming Congress and our next President? 1 These questions and comments are designed not

You will do well indeed to read, in cononly for the use of current events classes and clubs, nection with this topic, two books: “Podebating societies, teachers of history and English, litical Systems in Transition,” by Charles and the like, but also for discussion in the home

G. Fenwick (Century), and “The Federal and for suggestions to any reader who desires to study current affairs as well as to read about them.

Executive," by J. P. Hill (Houghton -THE EDITORS.


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The force that
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Read this

assume nerves

HE FORCE that is the Almighty Force of the

every heart-beat, every breath, every vital organ, every muscle, and every cell of the body.

The FORCE that gives us courage, ambition, personality, character, mental power, and energy.

It is NERVE FORCE. Exactly what it is, we do not know, just as we do not know what electricity is. We know this: It is generated by the Nervous System, from which it is sent throughout the body at a speed greater than 100 feet a second. The Nervous System consists of countless millions of cells. These cells are reservoirs for the storage of Nerve Force. The amount stored represents our “ Nerve Capital,” and our Nerve Capital determines the degree of our health, strength, mental power, efficiency and all other physical and mental qualities.

The vital problem in Life, therefore, is the wisdom of expending our Nerve Force, for if we waste it ruthlessly and foolishly, we soon become Nerve Bankrupts. Every bodily act, especially every muscular act, uses up a certain amount of Nerve Force. The greatest drain, however, is by way of the Brain. Mental work, worry, anxiety, anger, hate, fear, grief and other emotional expressions consume a tremendous amount of Nerve Force, which accounts for the fact that great mental strains so readily wreck the nerves, causing (Neurasthenia), or what is termed Nervous Debility, Nervous Prostration, or Nerve Exhaustion.

We are living in the age of nerve strain, the mile-a-minute life. Nearly every man or woman you meet nowadays, especially those of higher intelligence and finer nerve quality are troubled with weak and deranged nerves. If you have strained your nerves through over-work, worry, grief or have ignorantly abused them otherwise, submit your case to me, and I shall tell you definitely the exact nature of your weakness, and whether I can help YOU, as I have helped over 90,000 men and women during the last 30 years.

I am a Nerve Specialist and Psycho-analyst, besides being generally experienced in Health Culture and kindred sciences. I have treated more cases of “ Nerves” than any other man in the world. My instruction is given by Mail only. No drugs or drastic treatments are employed. My method is remarkably simple, thoroughly scientific and invariably effective.

Positively no fee is charged for a “ Preliminary Diagnosisof your case, and you will be under no obligation to take my course of instruction, if you do not care to. Do not explain your case in your first letter, as I shall send you special instructions how to report your case and how to make certain nerve tests” used generally by Nerve Specialists, and I shall send you FREE, other important data on the subject which will give you an understanding of your nerves you never had before. Write TO-DAY.

Do not
that your

are sound if your hands do not tremble. The most common and worst form of nerve trouble is that which involves the Sympathetic Nervous System, which is not indicated by tremor and twitchings of muscles.

The symptoms of nerve exhaustion and de. rangement vary according to individual characteristics, but the most positive are those which involve the mind, namely nervousness, restlessness, sleeplessness, impatience, undue worry, irritability, unhappiness, super-sensitiveness to criticism and the opinion of others, and in extreme cases poor concentration, poor memory, mental depression, unfounded fear, melancholia and hallucinations.

The physical symptoms can only be regarded as definite when they occur in conjunction with mental symptoms. The most common physical symptoms are: nervous indigestion, constipation, uneasiness in the region of the solar plexus, rapid and irregular heart, sluggishness of the vital organs, fatigue, lack of endurance, decline in sex force, various aches and pains, and supersensitiveness to noises and pains.

An experienced Nerve Specialist does not err in his diagnosis of the nerves. In submitting your case to me for a Preliminary Diagnosis, I shall positively determine the degree your nerves are involved in any weaknesses, ailments, and other conditions you may report. As the diagnosis of nerve weaknesses may demand mention of extremely personal subjects, all correspondence is strictly confidential, and sent sealed, in a plain envelope, by first-class mail.



PAUL VON BOECKMANN 110 West 40th Street, Studio 339

New York Dear Sir: I desire to ir vestigate your method, without obligation of any kind. (Please print name and address plainly.)





PROGRESS Believing that the advance of business is a subject of vital interest and importance, The Outlook wil present under the above heading frequent discussions of subjects of industrial and commercial interest. This department will include paragraphs of timely interest and articles of educational value dealing with the industrial upbuilding of the Nation.

Comment and suggestions are invited.

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BY WILLIAM E. BROOKS HILE an epidemic of strikes was becomhave seriously affected a great industry in a city of eastern Pennsylvania was averted in a most unusual way. The workers in a certain mill repudiated the plans of the leaders of the union on the advice not the de mand—of their employer. When the union Jeaders formulated their plans, the em. ployees of this mill refused to press them until they had talked the matter over with “the boss,” and after they had so talked they turned the proposals down, and the strike was off, although a dozen mills were involved, and the union leaders left town with their prestige sadly impaired and their plans for tying up a big industry gang agley.” The incident was so unusual that it was worth investigating. Why, when the workers were everywhere turning against their employers, did this large group stand by their employer when they might have gouged things out of him? This is the answer as I found it. I have inter viewed mill girls and mill men, foremen and superintendents, others outside the mill wlio knew something about the situation, and finally the employer himself. One fact stands revealed : That strike was averted, not by any eleventh-hour concessions, not by any paternalistic policy of club-houses and swimming pools (which resembles, in the last analysis, the giving of candy to children to make them be good), but by the definite conviction, worked out into policy-a policy consistently maintained for many years--that the only way to industrial peace is by being absolutely on the square and by treating every employee down to the smallest bobbin girl as you hoped that employee would treat you. It was the square deal that beat the strike. The mill in question is one of the largest

, if not the largest, of its sort in the United States, and is engaged in the manufacture of a high grade of textiles. Names are not necessary to the story, but names can be given if any one is interested. It emploss about thirteen hundred men and girls.

It has been in operation about thirtyeight years, first under the father of thie present head, and for twenty years under his own direction. The policy that is not in force was begun immediately on bis assuming direction, and it began to yield results years ago. For instance, it long ago assured a small labor turnover. And nest to strikes there is nothing more costly to modern industry than the frequent change ing of employees. The employees in this mill stayed. The girl workers usually, re mained here from the time they entered after leaving school until they and many of them after they were married

. A large percentage of the younger girls now are daughters of former women em



were married,

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