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loyees, and whole families, fathers and ons and daughters, are to be found in the arious departments of the mill. The forean in one department told me that he had uit twice to go with other concerns, but at both times he had been glad to get ack. "Never again for me; I'm here till die." During the period of the war, hen cutthroat competition for labor was its worst, very few of the workers in is mill left their looms, although there ere many munition plants in the neighorhood where very high wages were paid. asked a grizzled old foreman why this ondition existed. "'Cause the boss treats all like humans, and he won't stand for nybody being any other way. He don't ass us and he don't allow us to cuss any ne else. He knows his people and he is not o proud to speak to us when he sees us. hat's why we stick." Every one to whom talked had the same story: "He treats slike men."
I said to the old foreman, "I notice you ave safety devices and excellent working onditions in the mill."
66 Yes," he said, we had 'em before any ill in town, long before the State law made us put 'em in. But you don't notice at we have any of them new-fangled lab-house things, do you-swimming-pools nd all that? The boss doesn't go in for m. He says he is going to give us in ages all the business will stand. He ain't anding us nothing. You know, you can't pol working people. They think the same s you do, and they know when they are etting it handed to 'em, and when they re getting the square deal every moment every day. But when some one in the ill has hard luck in the family they can ways count on the boss. He don't see m stick."
I said: "Tell me about this strike. Why idn't you go out when the union leaders anted you to go?"
He answered: "There wasn't any reaon after we'd talked it over with the boss. ou see, it was this way. Those leaders ame here and called a meeting of the arious shops. I'm a union man, and I ent to the meeting. They told us we aght to have shorter hours and more pay; at everybody else was getting it, and we ught to too. They shaped up their deands, and I noticed the fellows from the cher mills was waiting to see what we'd o. We told them we would have to talk over in the shop before we'd say what at would be. So the next evening we had shop meeting, and we sent a committee O see the boss. He talked over the whole atter with us, showed us what contracts had on hand and that we could not cut Own the hours and fill the contracts, told that he had already planned to raise our ages, although not as much as the union ked. As he had already raised us four mes in the last couple of years without eing forced into it, we believed him, and ent back and told the union leaders they ould strike all they wanted to, but we ouldn't. What's the use of going back on man like the boss?"
The same story was repeated everywhere went. Many of the men were union memers, but the union did not seem to count eside "the boss." He had their confidence, ey believed in him, and they knew that ey were being treated squarely. It was brilliant contrast to much of the suspion and dissatisfaction that I had found many other places among the workers. Then I sought "the boss" himself for
While the case
is argued, the jury sleeps
the interest of Electrical Development by an Institution that will be helped by whatever helps the Industry.
If the lawyer talked for hours on the rising price of birdseed, the jury would miss little. But here the case is vital, and it concerns no one so much as this same heedless jury-the American people.
The judge in our picture represents a public commission, whose duty is to regulate electric light rates. And the case is whether the electric company shall obtain money needed for extension of service to make up the present shortage of light and power.
Lack of sufficient power is one reason why that shoe factory in town is running behind a thousand pairs a week-why the flour mill is short in its daily grist-why industry cannot meet the demand for larger production and lower prices.
Yet we are sadly indifferent to this problem and the solution which the electric company offers. The company's rates, taxes, extensions and improvements are matters that we leave to the public service commission to control, and we don't even take an interest in the case. What a mistake! The case is ours. The public service commission is ours. The public servant is ours. The commission takes its authority from public opinion-the verdict we render.
So it is for us to say whether the electric company's cost of furnishing power and our own need for using power warrant an increased rate.
Certainly it is a short-sighted economy to deny a reasonable return on the money invested (often your own money) for that policy discourages investors and hampers the company's development. A fair rate assures a bigger and better service-added power available for factories to produce more at less cost per unit. It may be that a few cents more on the electric bill will mean a few dollars less on the next suit of clothes we buy.
No. 16 On the farm or in the metropolis,
wherever people look to electricity for the comforts and conveniences of life today, the Western Electric Company offers a service as broad as the functions of electricity itself.
The present situation in Paris is a real challenge to the American people. Big business is sending over thousands of employees to assist in the rebuilding of France, and in the Latin Quarter of Paris is a great body of American students pursuing special courses at the University and at the art and music studios.
The need of meeting places for social and religious purposes was never greater, but the provision is very inadequate.
The American Church in Paris
is making a tremendous effort to meet these conditions and is challenging the people of America to stand back of its enlarged program.
An adequate Building and Endowment Fund must be raised immediately here in America, and this appeal to our Christian people is made that these young business men and students shall come under the most wholesome influences while in Paris. When they later return to America, they must come
Strong in Mind, Body, and Spirit
fitted to be constructive leaders in the finer life of our Nation.
Two million dollars will be needed for new sites and buildings and the carrying on of a broad and comprehensive social and religious program. Generous contributions and assurances already indicate that $500,000 will be given by the various denominational boards of America, $500,000 will be raised for Endowment by 500 churches. Many very generous contributions to the above have already been received. This one million dollars is payable over a period of three years, but $1,000,000 must immediately be pledged by individuals to provide for present urgent needs.
This Is Where You Can Help
We need large gifts but we also need small gifts. Complete information of the whole program gladly furnished on request. Send just as generous a check as you can to the Co-Pastor, REV. STANLEY ROSS FISHER, 14 Beacon Street, Boston.
Make checks payable to SAMUEL W. THURBER, Treasurer.
The Enlarged Program of the American Church in Paris has the endorsement of the Federal Council of Churches of America and the support of the leading ministers and laymen of the various denominations
THE NATION'S INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS (Continued)
his side of this amazing story. He told me that when he assumed the direction, on the death of his father, he had made up his mind to run the business on one principle -that every one who worked in that mill was human like himself and entitled to the same treatment from him that he expected from them." This is the place," he said. "where they have to live the largest part of their days at least while they are awake. I determined that they should li that part just as pleasantly as possible, that sources of irritation should be removed as far as could be done, that everything that insures their better health should be provided for them. I don't give them any thing. I don't think that is the way to deal with those who work for you. I pay them all the business permits, and then it's theirs. They have their own beneficial s ciety, and they run it themselves. When they opened their co-operative store, I loaned them the money to get started, and they paid it back. It is their store, they run it, and I have nothing more to do with it than any one in the plant. I don't believe in paternalism in business, but I do believe in that sort of co-operation which promotes confidence, and I have found that it pays That's all there is to it."
"But," I said, 66 are there not some among all the hundreds in this mill whe are disgruntled and who do not play the game
Certainly there are," he answered "This mill is a cross-section of life, and there are always some people everywhere who are disgruntled. But when I hear of a man who is in such a case I send for him and we talk it out together. Sometimes he has a real grievance, and we get busy on the solution of it. Sometimes he finds when he has unburdened himself that things are not so serious, after all. If things are not going right in a department, I call tha department together and we go over the situation. Every one is allowed to talk, and they know it. Some years ago we had such a meeting, and one after another there declared they thought things were all right. Then a man got up and said that he did not agree with them at all, that things were not all right; that he had kick that he wanted to make, and he was going to make it. He then proceeded to point out certain conditions which were wrong, and we arranged at once to remedy them. I went to him after the meeting was over and told him that that was the sort of kick I wanted to hear, and the more be had the better I would be satisfied. He has helped many times since."
"But the strike," I said ; "what about the strike?"
"Well," he answered, "you know, times are unusual and there is unrest in the air. When the labor leaders came to town, I did not know what might happen. But we had got a thing together during the years that even the unrest could not unsettle. When you have your people's confidence, they will follow you first, and so we had no strike."
And that is the whole of the story. The spindles are flying and the looms are purring away all day long in that big mill down by the river while other mills in other places stand idle. There is no Socialism about it or anything eise at which doubtful souls shake their heads; nothing but the practical daily application of a prin ciple as old as Christ, scorned by econo mists and doubted by the worldly-wise but which at least in this case works. And
is principle is the one thing the political Ocialist fears most, for it is the thing, and e only thing, which will make forever possible his dreams of a Utopia. Every e who knows anything knows that the d competitive way of doing business is at end. The choice that we must make is etween the enforced co-operation which e Socialist offers or the co-operation hich this mill exemplifies, the working, gether of a band of men and women in a g job with a daily recognition that each s rights the other is bound to respect, d that when it becomes second nature to ink of the others somehow the frictions nish.
I have told this story in order to ask this estion: "If it demonstrates a principle, whose hands is the future peace of indusal America ?"
TO REPAIR WESTMINSTER
ASHINGTON IRVING, in one of his "Sketch Book" essays, gave a delight1 account of Westminster Abbey as it peared to him a century ago, showing marks of the gradual dilapidations of ne, which yet has something pleasing in decay." And now, after the suminers d winters of another century have ssed over it, the venerable and glorious bbey, which seems to epitomize the more an ten centuries of English history it s seen, has fallen into such a state of dey that its Dean last June made a stirng appeal to England and to all Angloxon peoples for funds with which to pair the great cathedral.
He asked for a fund of about $1,250,0, of which $1,000,000 is needed for ructural repairs. The remainder of the m asked for he would keep as a fund om which to draw as repairs may be eded from time to time. The London Times" presented the Dean's appeal in a autifully illustrated supplement, June 29, d from time to time has since shown by production of photographs some of the vages time has made in the greatest rine of the English-speaking peoples of e world. The reasons for the decay in e structure, aside from its thousand ars of history, are climatic and local. In dry climate of Egypt temples, obeks, and tombs remain to-day almost as esh and durable as when the sculptors opped their tools and chisels thousands years ago. But Westminster Abbey, in emoist climate of England and in the art of smoky and foggy London, natally shows signs of "weathering." Even ring the past thirty years repairs to the lue of more than $500,000 have been ade, and now much more expensive and tensive repairs are necessary to stay the vages time and the elements combined ve made upon the sacred edifice. As ted by Mr. Lethaby, surveyor of the bey, only structural repairs are to be ade, and these chiefly upon the exterior. The London "Times," on publishing Dean's appeal, opened a subscription nd for the Abbey, which has been reonded to by English-speaking givers roughout the world, which shows the eling they entertain toward this venerle shrine, and it is pleasant to note that any Americans are numbered among the vers. Happily, also, it was an Anglonerican corporation that made the final ntribution of £10,000 which completed sum immediately necessary for re
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TO REPAIR WESTMINSTER ABBEY
pairs, thus relieving the pressure for urgency and giving a longer time for raising the remainder of the fund. As the Dean has said, the Abbey "spiritually belongs to the English-speaking races." Americans naturally look upon Westminster Abbey as belonging to them as well as to Englishmen of to-day as a part of their common heritage.
Brooklyn, New York. H. T. SUDDUTH.
THE HOPE OF THE WORLD
BY BESSIE LOCKE
Corresponding Secretary National Kindergarten Association
OES not the present deplorable state of affairs in this country and abroad indicate that we lack intelligence or do not use what we possess? The result is the same in either case.
The daily accounts of wars, murders, suicides, thefts, divorces, frauds, and labor troubles show a world that appears to be going from bad to worse. What is the remedy?
"The hope of the world lies in the children."
Commissioner Claxton has said:
Let us add to the sum of human happiness, reduce crime, poverty, and misery, and enhance the well-being of our people by providing kindergarten training for all of the Nation's children.
The Commissioner is so thoroughly convinced of the value of the kindergarten that years ago, when teaching in a Southern city, he maintained a kindergarten for Negro children, expending one-third of his salary on its support.
We should follow the path pointed out by this leader of our educational system and provide kindergarten training for every one of the Nation's children, nearly four million of whom are now being deprived of their rights in this regard.
Most of our States have laws permitting the establishment of kindergartens, but local school authorities have been slow about providing them, and every community has large numbers of little ones who are missing the joys and benefits of this helpful training which is such a splendid preparation for the formal work of the higher classes and for the responsibilities of life.
Most of our children are but a few years in school, and the two years which they night spend in kindergarten would add materially to their general intelligence besides enriching and directing their moral and social nature.
The National Kindergarten Association, 3 West Fortieth Street, New York City, 8 glad to co-operate with local efforts to ave kindergartens established.
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